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THE 

PUBLICATIONS 



OF THE 



SURTEES SOCIETY 



VOL. XCV. 



DURHAM : 
THOMAS CAI.UCLBUGH, PRINTER. 



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SEALS OF KEPIER HOSPITAL. 






No. 2. A.D. 1199. 





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MEMORIALS 



OF 



>3U6' 



ST. GILES'S, DURHAM, 

Being Grassmen*s Accounts and other Parish 

Records, together with Documents 

relating to the 

HOSPITALS 



OF 



KEPIER AND ST. MARY MAGDALENE. 



^ttblidheb for tht (Society 

By ANDREWS & Co., DURHAM ; 

WHITTAKER & Co., 2, WHITE HART STREET, PATERNOSTER 

SQUARE ; 

BERNARD QUARITCH, 15, PICCADILLY; 

BLACKWOOD & SONS, EDINBURGH. 

1896. 



At a General Meeting of the Surtees Society, held 
in Durham Castle on Tuesday, June 6th, 1893, the 
Rev. W. Greenwell in the chair. 

It was ordered. 

That a Volume relating to the Parish of St. Giles's, 
Durham, including Kepyer Hospital, be edited for the 
Society by the Rev. J. Barmby. 

JAMES RAINE, 

Secretary, 



CONTENTS. 



• • • • « • 



Introduction 

v^ORRIGENDA •■• ..• ... ••> .• ••> ••• ... 

Preface to Grassmen's Accounts 

Grassmen's Accounts, Vol. I 

«i )t \ \ji^» 11... ... ... ... •>. 

Parish Registers, Vol. I 

V \Jm^9 && ••• ••• •■• ••• ••■ 

V v./^* X X M t*« •■• ••• •■• •«• 

y • V Vx A^« X \ ••■ ••• at* ••• »•• 

** Liber Sancti Egidii, Dunelm." 

MJ\^^% X^%y ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• ••■ ••• m • 9 

Extracts from the Accounts of the Churchwardens 
Appendix A: Documents relating to Kepyer Hospital 
B : Documents relating to Mary Magdalen 



)* 



If 



f } 



f) 



»» 



»> 



>> 



Hospital 



• •• tvt ••• ••• 



C : Relating to the Parish Church and Guild of 



St. Giles 



• • • • ■ • 



• • • • • « 



>» 



D: I. Masters of Kepyer Hospital... 
n. Incumbents of St. Giles' 
Description of Seals 



Glossary 
Index ... 



> • • • • < 



••• ••• ••• ••• 



■ • • • • • 



■ • • • • * 



PAGE. 

ix 
... xxxix 

I 

9 
ii8 

123 

141 

148 

158 
161 

183 
186 

192 

233 

248 
252 
262 
269 
271 
277 



INTRODUCTION. 



The Borough of St. Giles is a suburb of the City of 
Durham, lying between the upper and lower portions of 
the River Wear, which approaches the city from the East 
and, after encompassing in a loop the hill on which the 
Castle and Cathedral stand, flows away towards the East 
again. The street called Gilligate is between the 
approaching and retiring streams, being a continuation of 
Claypath in the parish of St. Nicholas, and beginning 
where Bakehouse Lane on the one side and the narrow 
Tinkler*s Lane on the other separate the two parishes, and 
where the Leaden Cross, shown in Speed's map of Dur- 
ham (see Surtees' ** History of Durham," Vol. iv, Part ii, 
p. 31), formerly stood. Thence the street ascends eastward 
in two successive acclivities to the summit of the hill on 
which the church stands, the ground sloping steeply down 
on each side to the river. The church, so situated, catches 
the eye of visitors to Durham with a pleasing effect, 
perhaps suggesting the thought to some of **the decent 
church that tops the neighboring hill." Its modest low 
tower, according so well with the surrounding scene, has 
happily been left unchanged by modern restoration. East 
of **the street" (as Gilligate is often called in the old 
records) the ancient parish extended far into the adjacent 
country, including a moor, which comprised, at the time of 
its enclosure in 1817, about 235 acres. 

Minds sensible of the fascination of antiquarian 
research, when on the look-out for antiquities, cannot but 
long to go back beyond the time at which any definite 
history of a place begins. Hence, before attempting a 
sketch of what is historically known for the purpose of 
elucidating the records now published, it may be 
interesting to cast a brief glance into the times, so far as 
can be known or surmised, before there was any suburb of 
a city, or city at all, in the locality. Of pre-historic 
occupation of the vicinity there appear, indeed, to be but 



X INTRODUCTION. 

scanty traces so far discovered, though a stone axe is said 
to have been found at Sherburn Hospital, and two 
interments near Sherburn and Sacriston. There is, 
however, a significant intimation of British occupation in 
the term Maiden, applied to three places close to Durham, 
one of which was on Gilesgate Moor. This word, usually 
now combined with Castle, is believed to be British, and 
to denote some kind of fortified mound. The designation 
is not uncommon, being found in various parts. The 
following description by Leland of a structure so called 
may be cited in illustration : — ** There is a Place an viii 
Mile plaine West from Bowis {Bowes, on the edge of 
Stainmoor, in Yorkshire^ a Thorough-fare in Richemount- 
shire cawUid Maiden Castel, where is a greate rounde 
Hepe a 60 Foote in Cumpace of rude Stones, sum smaul, 
sum bygge, and be set in formam pyramidis ; and yn the 
Toppe of them al ys set one Stone in conum beying a yard 
and a halfe in lenghth. So that the hole may be countid 
an xviii Foote hy, and ys set on a hille in the very Egge 
of Stanemore. And this is a limes betwixt Richemontshire 
and Westmerlande " (** Itinerary," Vol. v, p. 122). The 
common addition of Castle to the old word Maiden cannot 
be taken as proof that the Romans had used the old fort as 
a castelluniy though no doubt they have done so in some 
cases. 

The three places thus designated near the city of 
Durham are (i) Maiden Castle, on the hill so-called, which 
rises abruptly above the Wear between Durham and 
Shincliffe ; (2) a mound, partly artificial, called Maiden's 
Bower, among the Red Hills, where the banner of St. 
Cuthbert is said to have been placed during the battle of 
Neville's Cross ; and (3) another Maiden's Bower (or 
Maiden's Arbour, or, as appears from the Grassmen's 
Books of St. Giles, formerly Maiden Castle\ all traces of 
which have now disappeared, on Gilesgate Moor. The 
earliest known allusion to the last is in Wharton's 
continuation of the history attributed to William Chambre, 
the last of the ** Tres Scriptores," where, in reference to a 
marble cross transferred to Durham Market Place in the 
time of Bishop Tunstall (d. 1571), it is said, *'Crux 



INTRODUCTION. XI 

marmorea, praeclara admodum, quae olim steterat in 
suprema parte vici de Gilligate, loco vocato Maid Arbor, 
data erat Gulielmo Wright de Dunelmo mercatori sua 
petitione per Dominum Armstronge^ Scotum, dominum 
de Kepyere, ad constituendum in foro Dunelmi (Surtees 
Society*s Publications, 1839, Vol. ix, p. 156). Surtees thus 
describes the place, as it was remembered when he wrote : — 
** Maid's Arbour, or Maiden's Bower. A few years ago a 
square platform, slightly elevated, was distinctly observable 
on the flat plot of ground within the angle formed by the 
roads diverging to Sunderland and Sherburn, at the West 
end of Gilesgate Moor" (** History of Durham," Vol. iv, 
Part ii, p. 69). At an earlier date, Cade (** Archaeologia," 
Vol. vii, p. 78 (1785), refers to it thus. After speaking of 
the entrenchment at Old Durham, supposed by him to 
have been Roman, he goes on — ** A gentleman with whom 
I am acquainted has carefully surveyed the old road frotn 
this place by Kepyre hospital, and he assures me, that, in 
a dry season, the piers of a bridge are obvious in the bed 
of the river, seemingly of Roman construction ; and I have 
authority to say that coins have been formerly ploughed up 
here, and lately some of the lower empire have also been 
discovered within its vicinage. The ground-plot and 
ramparts of the watch-tower which served for signals to this 
station are visible and almost entire at the entrance of 
Gilligate Moor, and exactly correspond in form with those 
on the Roman Wall in Northumberland." Cade also 
alleges that there were traces of an ** exploratory castrum" 
on the high ground, further north, near the present Newton 
Hall. Further, in the Grassmen's Books, published in this 
Volume, there are frequent allusions to a place on the 
Moor which is always called the mayden castell till the 
year 1598, when the designation is changed to maiden 
bower, though not uniformly so in following years." It is 
shown by these books to have been an enclosure fenced 

' Armstronge appears to be a mistake for Ormestone — a Scotchman, to 
whom Edward VI granted the suppressed Hospital of Kepyer in 1552. So 
says Surtees, and in the " Mickleton MSS.," No. 32, it is said, ** Johannes 
Colbome, Dominus de Ormeston '[non Armstrong-, ut in Wh. fo. 783] 
Scotus.'' 

' As to the change of the name from casUll to bower see p. 25, note 4. 



Xll INTRODUCTION. 

by a dike with a hedge of whins, which was regularly kept 
in repair till the year 1629, after which there is no more 
mention of it. It seems to have been utilized by the parish 
as an enclosure for milking cows in. For see entry in 
1605 : — ** For mendinge y« mayden castell, which was 
broken downe by the milkers of kye." 

There is thus nothing beyond its name Maiden to 
intimate its origin. But the fortification similarly 
designated on Maiden Castle Hill is said by Canon 
Greenwell of Durham to be of the general character of 
such as were pre-Roman. Thus there seems to be enough 
evidence of some old race before the Romans having 
occupied the locality before us. Of Roman occupation 
there are the following traces. In the first place it may be 
held with confidence that a Roman road crossed Gilesgate 
Moor, passing the site of the Maiden Castle there. The 
whole system of Roman roads in the County of Durham is 
well shown in a paper, with a map, by Mr. W. H. D. 
Longstaffe, entitled, ** Durham before the Conquest," 
published in the ** Proceedings " of the Archaeological 
Institute, 1852, Newcastle, Vol. i, p. 41. It is there repre- 
sented that a road from the south forked into two branches 
where Shincliffe now is, one of which crossed the 
Wear towards the north-west, passing by the fort on 
Maiden Castle Hill, while the other, keeping on the 
eastern bank of the stream, ran northward by Old Durham 
over Gilesgate Moor, and then crossed the river below 
Kepyer Hospital towards the important station at Chester- 
le-Street, which may have been Ptolemy's Epeiakon. Cade 
mentions, as we have just seen, that the piers of a 
bridge, apparently Roman, were obvious in a dry 
season in the bed of the river by Kepyer. Surtees 
confirms this statement, saying that in the dry summer of 
1827 solid masonry was discovered on the north side of the 
Wear below the Hospital, believed by him to have been the 
piers of a bridge (** History of Durham," Vol. iv. Part ii, 
p. 91). Old Durham, of which mention has been made, is 
on the right bank of the river, opposite Maiden Castle Hill 
on the left side, where the ground begins to rise to Gilesgate 
Moor ; and there, on the flat, there are evident traces of an 



INTRODUCTION. Xlll 

ancient entrenchment, the ** Pidding brook" (so called by 
Hollinshed), which would naturally have entered the Wear 
near Shincliffe, having apparently been diverted so as to 
defend the entrenchment. Cade, as has been said, took 
this to have been a Roman Camp ; and, by whomever it 
was originally constructed, it is likely enough that both it 
and the fortification on Maiden Castle Hill on the opposite 
side of the river were in fact occupied by the Romans, 
whose roads ran by them. If so, the other Maiden Castle 
on Gilesgate Moor may well have been used by them (as 
supposed by Cade) as a post for defence and observation 
on the high ground beyond which their road northward 
traversed. There is, indeed, a deficiency of distinct relics 
of Roman occupation in this immediate vicinity. But 
Cade speaks of Roman coins having been ploughed up at 
Old Durham, and Surtees of a ** fine old Nero found by a 
woman hoeing turnips on Gilesgate Moor 14 years ago." 
The latter alleges also that, ** a few years ago, in removing 
a portion of the rampart (z.^., on Maiden Castle Hill 
between Durham and Shincliffe) several squared stones 
were found, and one which could scarcely be taken for 
anything else than a rude and defaced Roman altar " 
(**History of Durham," Vol. iv, ii, p. 90). Mr. Longstaffe, 
quoting this passage, adds in a note, **Mr. Raine 
endorses this statement." Surtees says also {Ibid., p. 69) 
that ** in the Minster yard Stukeley saw a Roman altar set 
up as a gravestone, and that Dr. Hunter shewed him a 
Roman head in a garden wall, apparently a portrait of 
Marcus Aurelius," and alleges that *'the head of St. 
Oswald in the conventual seal was really that of Jupiter 
Tonans, and an antique gem." The altar last-mentioned, 
which is now in the Library of the Dean and Chapter, may, 
it is true, have been brought from elsewhere, and so may 
the gem ; nor do a few coins, found here and there, 
actually prove Roman occupation. Such indications, 
therefore, can only be taken as in some degree supporting 
other better evidence. Among the places noticed in the 
above survey as indicative of Roman or previous occupa- 
tion of the locality. Maiden Castle (or Bower), on Gilesgate 
Moor, was in the parish of St. Giles, and Old Durham, 



XIV INTRODUCTION. 

thoug-h outside it, was closely connected with it as having 
belonged to the Rectory of St. Nicholas, appropriated by 
Bishop Nevill to Kepyer Hospital, and having consequently 
become afterwards the seat of the lords of the manor. 

Between the relinquishment of Britain by the Romans, 
A.D. 427, and the foundation of Kepyer Hospital by 
Bishop Flam bard, a.d. 1112, which was the origin of the 
borough and parish of St. Giles, well nigh seven centuries 
passed away. Meanwhile we find nothing to connect the 
exact locality with historical events, or invest it with any 
special interest. The Irish missionaries from lona and 
Lindisfarne, under the leadership of St. Aidan, in the 
seventh century, may no doubt have passed close by, and 
evangelized to some extent the surrounding country. But 
such missionary station as they may have had seems more 
likely to have been in the locality of the present St. Oswald's 
Church, where relics of crosses indicative of their period 
have been found, than within the limits of the parish of 
St. Giles, where none such have been discovered. Then, 
when the Congregation of St. Cuthbert, a.d. 995, were 
returning after their wanderings to Chester-le-Street, it was 
at Dunholm^ where the Cathedral now stands, that they 
stopped, and settled, and built their church ; and the city 
of Durham, thus originated, had its boroughs of Elvet 
and Framwellgate before there was any borough of St. 
Giles. It was in fact, as above intimated, not till the 
foundation of Kepyer by Bishop Flambard that the 
existence of the latter began. 

KEPYER HOSPITAL. 

In the year 1112 Ralph Flambard, Bishop of Durham, 
founded a church with a hospital attached in honour of 
God and St. Giles, and for the weal of his own soul, and 
redemption of the souls of William the Conqueror and 
Matilda his queen, who had nourished him ; of King 
William II, who had advanced him to the bishopric ; of 
King Henry I, who had confirmed him in it ; and of all 
who had bestowed, or should bestow, gifts or alms on the 
Church of St. Cuthbert. He himself dedicated it on the 
nth of June, 1112, having endowed it with his vill of 



INTRODUCTION. XV 

Caldecotes hard by, and other emoluments, for the main- 
tenance for ever of a clerk to serve therein, and of certain 
poor persons who were to dwell there. ** Caldecotes " no 
doubt comprised tl>e land near the site of the hospital, 
afterwards called **Kepyer Grange." Cf., ** De manerio 
de Caldecotes, vocato Kepiyer Grangie " {Feodartum 
Priorattis Dunelm. in Surtees Society's Publications, Vol. 
Iviii, p. 77). This vill was granted with all its appurtenances 
and liberties, ecclesiastical and secular, in meadows, 
pastures, woods, wastes, and waters, with a mill at Milne- 
burn. There were added two sheaves of corn from every 
carucate of the bishop's demesnes of Newbottle, Houghton, 
Wearmouth, Ryhope, Easington, Sedgefield, Sherburn, 
Quarrington, Newton, Chester, Washington, Bdldon, 
Cleadon, Whickham, and Ryton. Finally the customary 
denunciation of eternal damnation was appended against 
any who should at any time disturb the Hospital in the 
enjoyment of its heritage. The Hospital was originally 
contiguous to the church, both being on the hill where 
the church now stands. There is no evidence of there 
having been any church previously, nor does that founded 
by Flambard seem to have been intended originally to 
serve any purpose but that of a chapel to the hospital. 

It may be here noted that his original Deed of Foun- 
dation is no longer extant, having been destroyed, with all 
other charters of the house, when the Scots under Robert 
Bruce set fire to its muniment room (a.d. 1306) in the time 
of Bishop Anthony Bek. But the succeeding bishop, 
Richard Kellaw (1311-1316), issued a commission for 
ascertaining the rights and property of the Hospital ; and 
its old charters (of which there may have been copies 
elsewhere than in the muniment room), having been thus 
verified, were exemplified upon the Patent Rolls of 
Richard H in the year 1380, and again in the Close Rolls 
of Bishop Neville in 1445. Nineteen such charters, as 
exemplified in the Patent Rolls of Richard H {per 
inspeximtLs\ are given in Dugdale's **Monasticon," Vol. ii, 
Part ii. In Appendix A to this volume the same are given 
as they appear, with preliminary and subsequent matter, 
in the Close Rolls of Bishop Neville now preserved in the 



XVI INTRODUCTION. 

Public Record Office. It will thence be seen what 
Commissioners had been appointed by Kellaw, and 
how they had been directed to proceed, and also how 
subsequent bishops, Hatfield and Fordham, had confirmed 
to the Hospital all its rights and possessions as thus 
established, and finally how Bishop Neville had done the 
same, excepting only its right to tithes from the episcopal 
demesne lands, in lieu of which he appropriated to the 
Hospital the Rectory of St. Nicholas in Durham. 

Though Flambard was the original founder of the Hos- 
pital, it was to Bishop Pudsey that it owed its subsequent 
constitution, as well as the privileges and a great part of the 
emoluments which it afterwards enjoyed. Meanwhile its 
buildings had been destroyed by fire during the usurpation 
of the See of Durham by William Cumyn after the 
death of Bishop Galfrid Rufus (the successor of Flambard), 
A.D. 1141. A short summary of certain events during that 
usurpation, so far as they affected the Church and Hospital 
of St. Giles, may here be in place. William de St. Barbara 
having at length been elected bishop, and consecrated at 
Winchester on the Sunday before St. John Baptist's day 
A.D. 1143, Roger de Conyers, who had been the leading 
opponent of the usurper from the first, and had already 
fortified his house at Bishopton, where he had been 
besieged by Cumyn without success, thought the time 
opportune, in concert with a few barons, for inviting the 
new bishop thither, and thence escorting him, with an 
armed retinue, to the city of Durham. He hoped, we 
are told, that Cumyn would by this time repent, or at any 
rate be deserted by his supporters. ** But they were much 
deceived in their opinion. Not only did he not seek peace 
by repenting of his evil deeds, but he would not even 
endure the messengers of peace who were sent to him. 
Some he would not admit ; some he drove away ; others 
he vexed with threats and insults. Lastly, sending out 
the soldiers which he had with him, he attacked the 
adherents of the bishop who approached the walls. Con- 
sequently those who were with the bishop betook themselves 
to St. Giles, a church so called at a little distance from 
"**"*5 walls, and there abode that night with the bishop " 



INTRODUCTION. XVll 

{Sym. Hist. Dunelm., Continuatio prima). We read 
further in the Historia Regum, continuata per Joh. Hagust., 
Vol. ii, p. 314, that **the bishop, having come with a 
great multitude to Durham, endeavoured to surround the 
church of St. Giles with a rampart, so as to have that place 
for their defence,** and further, that ** the monks who were 
shut up** (i.e., in the Cathedral convent) **had prepared 
a secret access by which they had proposed to introduce 
the bishop with his adherents." Thus we see before us 
the two neighbouring eminences occupied as two hostile 
camps ; that on which the Castle stands by William 
Cumyn, and that of St. Giles by Roger de Conyers with 
the bishop William of St. Barbara ; while, close to the 
Castle, the monks, shut up in their convent, were scheming 
to get the true bishop clandestinely into his cathedral. 
But the usurper remained for the time triumphant. ** Next 
morning, surrounded by a band of his satellites, he broke 
through the doors of the church (i.e., of the cathedral, not 
of St. Giles, as Surtees seems to have supposed), and 
burst into it with armed men. And there were to be seen 
soldiers clad in mail with naked swords running to and 
fro among the altars ; archers, some mingled among the 
weeping and praying monks, others standing over them 
and threatening them ; and all the church filled with 
clamour and tumult. And indeed their hands hardly 
abstained from hurting the monks, one of whom they 
had nearly killed by a thrown stone. Nevertheless, 
leaving a guard of soldiers and archers in the church, they 
fortified it like a castle ; and, as though dancing for joy at 
having done contumely to Divinity in a place of peace, 
the violators lighted fires, scenting the place with the 
smell of cooked flesh instead of the odour of incense ; and 
for the voices of singers caused cries of guards and sounds 
of horns to be heard abroad. Meanwhile, sallying forth 
also frequently against the bishop*s people, they did not 
suffer them to approach the walls " (Sym.. Continuatio). 

After this unsuccessful attempt to obtain entrance into 
Durham, Conyers, with the bishop, returned to Bishopton, 
relinquishing their temporary occupation of St. Giles ; 
whereupon Cumyn is said to have ravaged the country 



k 



INTRODUCTION. 



The Borough of St. Giles is a suburb of the City of 
Durham, lying between the upper and lower portions of 
the River Wear, which approaches the city from the East 
and, after encompassing in a loop the hill on which the 
Castle and Cathedral stand, flows away towards the East 
again. The street called Gilligate is between the 
approaching and retiring streams, being a continuation of 
Claypath in the parish of St. Nicholas, and beginning 
where Bakehouse Lane on the one side and the narrow 
Tinkler's Lane on the other separate the two parishes, and 
where the Leaden Cross, shown in Speed's map of Dur- 
ham (see Surtees' ** History of Durham," Vol. iv. Part ii, 
p« 30> formerly stood. Thence the street ascends eastward 
in two successive acclivities to the summit of the hill on 
which the church stands, the ground sloping steeply down 
on each side to the river. The church, so situated, catches 
the eye of visitors to Durham with a pleasing effect, 
perhaps suggesting the thought to some of **the decent 
church that tops the neighboring hill." Its modest low 
tower, according so well with the surrounding scene, has 
happily been left unchanged by modern restoration. East 
of **the street" (as Gilligate is often called in the old 
records) the ancient parish extended far into the adjacent 
country, including a moor, which comprised, at the time of 
its enclosure in 1817, about 235 acres. 

Minds sensible of the fascination of antiquarian 
research, when on the look-out for antiquities, cannot but 
long to go back beyond the time at which any definite 
history of a place begins. Hence, before attempting a 
sketch of what is historically known for the purpose of 
elucidating the records now published, it may be 
interesting to cast a brief glance into the times, so far as 
can be known or surmised, before there was any suburb of 
a city, or city at all, in the locality. Of pre-historic 
occupation of the vicinity there appear, indeed, to be but 



XX INTRODUCTION. 

See from which they already had tithes, and also granting 
free burgage in the street of St. Giles (liberum burgagium 
in vico S, JSgidtt), exempt from in-toU and out-toll, and 
from all aids and services, customs, vexations, and 
exactions, for ever. This was the origin of the Manor of 
St. Giles. 

3. (Ill) Another Charter of the same granting to the 
Hospital the vill of Clifton, ^ a thrave of corn from every 
carucate in the demesne lands of the bishopric, with tithes 
of all his lands recently brought into cultivation {de 
omnibus novalibus nostris) ; and exempting the church of St. 
Giles for ever from ** synodals and other customs which are 
wont to be exacted by the archdeacon or the dean or any of 
their officers." 

4. (VII) Another Charter of the same, addressed to 
the Prior and Convent, confirms endowments of the 
Hospital in Weardale, comprising Whiteleys and 
Swyneleys (the boundaries being accurately defined) ; 
a mine of lead for covering the church of St. Mary 
and All Saints and also the Infirmary of the Hospital ; 
a mine of iron in Rokehope for making ploughs ; 
a toft designated as De Laundene ; the tithes of Bradewode 
et Besunkedis tcsque ad Wycheles ; the tithes of all novalia 
(i.e., newly reclaimed lands) ; a thrave of corn from every 
caruca in Werdale ; and also pasture for all the cattle of 
the house, with the peculiar privilege — significant of the 
prevalent cruel custom, as well as of the wild state of the 
surrounding country — that the feet of the dogs were not to 
be maimed, but that the shepherds were to lead them 
bound for the protection of the flocks against wolves. 

5. (XVI) A Composition was made, with the approval 
of Bishop Pudsey, dated 1197, between the Prior 
(Germanus) and Convent of Durham on the one part and 
Adam as Proctor for the Master and brethren of the 
Hospital on the other, whereby the latter were released from 

« The Composition, which appears below [5. (xvi)], with regard to the 
tithes of Clifton payable to the church of St. Oswald, and to the sheaves of 
corn from the demesne land of Newton for which the same church had been 
liable, confirms the probability that Clifton and Newton were in the same 
locality, viz., op the opposite side of the river to Kepyer, in the old parish 
of St. Oswald. 



INTRODUCTION. XXI 

all future claims on them for the tithes of Clifton (see III), 
formerly payable to the church of St. Oswald in Durham, 
on condition of their offering yearly on St. Oswald*s Day 
at the altar of that church one bezant and two shillings, and 
also releasing to the church of St. Oswald the two sheaves 
from the demesne lands of Newton which had been 
included in their original endowment by Bishop Flambard. 

[The two following benefactions, though not by Bishop 
Pudsey himself, appear to have been in his time, and 
supplementary to his.] 

6. (XIII) Gilbert the Chamberlain {Gtlbertus camera^ 
rtus), who appears to have had land in his possession near 
the new site of the Hospital, granted the Master and 
brethren leave to make their mill-dam and mill-pool 
thereon. The language of his deed of gift shows him to 
have been contemporary with Pudsey, having been 
probably his own chamberlain. For he makes his grant 
** pro salute domini mei Hugonis Dunelm. episcopi, et pro 
salute animae Theobaldi fratris, et pro salute animae meae 
et uxoris meae Julianae Papedy, et haeredum meorum " 
(Referred to in Hutchinson's ** History of Durham," ii, 
301 w.). The same Gilbert, in a return made by the 
bishop to Henry II, in 1166, of the military service 
within his jurisdiction, with view to an aid for the 
marriage of the King's daughter, Maud, appears as 
follows: — **Gilebertus Camerarius [tenet] quintam partem 
I mil. & ex alia parte x partem unius " (Lib. Niger 
Scaccarii, p. 306). 

7. (V) Gilbert Hansard, one of Bishop Pudsey's 
feudatories, gave his whole vill of Aymundeston {Amer- 
ston, in the parish of Elwick) and fifty oxgangs in Hurthe- 
worth (Hurworth) for the support of a chaplain to celebrate 
for ever in the chapel of the Hospital for the souls of himself, 
his father and mother, and all his kin. 

[This donation is what probably led eventually to the 
foundation of the Hospital of St. Mary Magdalen, with 
regard to which, and the negociations relating thereto, see 
below under ** Magdalen Hospital," and documents in 
Appendix B.] 



XXll INTRODUCTION. 

8. (XIX) " Stephanus Capellanus " gave to the 
Hospital all his land at Southcrofte in GilHgate. 

[This donation, if not in the time of Pudsey, cannot 
have been later than the early part of the thirteenth century. 
For in a Composition between the Hospital and the 
Convent of Durham, apparently of that period, the 
Hospital is found to have been already in the possession 
of this Southcrofte. See Appendix B, I.] 

Subsequent endowments, after the time of Pudsey, 
were as follows : — 

9. (XV) Quenilda, wife of Richard de Lokes (or, 
properly, cum lokes, meaning **with the locks"), gave 
12 acres of land in Medomsley, with common of pasture 
for 200 sheep, 40 cattle, and 40 swine. This gift may be 
assigned to the episcopate of Pudsey's successor, Philip 
de Pictavia (i 195-1208) : for a deed of gift by the same 
Richard de Lokes, with the assent of Quenilda his wife 
and William his heir, of land in Medomsley to the 
Convent of Durham, is attested, among others, by 
**Americo archidiacono " ; and Aimerick de Talboys 
was a nephew of Bishop Philip de Pictavia, and 
appears as archdeacon in 1198 and 1214 (Hutchinson, 
ii, p. 280); Cf., ** Mickleton MSS.," No. 32, p. 44: — 
*• Americus [Homericus, Harmaricus] Archidiaconus 
Dunelm. et Carleol. tempore Bertram! [primi] Prioris. 
Vide in carta dicti Philippi Pictaviensis. — Fuit dictus 
Americus nepos ejusdem Philippi episcopi." 

10. (VI) During the episcopate of Nicholas de 
Farnham (i 241-1258) one Walter de Witton, Knight, 
granted to the Hospital all his land at Frosterley, to be 
held of the bishop on the accustomed service. Who this 
Walter de Witton was has not been discovered. The 
mention in his charter of **Nicholaus quondam episcopus 
Dunelmensis " as having confirmed it shows the donation 
to have been in De Farnham's time. 

11. (Vni) Under the same bishop (described by the 
donor as ** patris et domini mei"), John de Romesey, the 
bishop's seneschal, granted to the Hospital a rent of 65s., 
which Leoninus, son of William de Heriz, and William 



INTRODUCTION. XXlll 

de Leventhorp, had formerly paid to Walter de Monas- 
teriis, together with the homage, services, ward, and 
relief, of half the vill of Claxton, to be held by the Hospital 
of Walter de Monasteriis by a yearly payment of I2rf. 
The purpose of this donation was to aid in support of the 
poor resorting to the Hospital, and its condition was that at 
every mass said in the chapel thereof the Bishop de 
Farnham, and his predecessor, Richard Poor, should be 
commemorated. It thus appears that the family of Heriz, 
known as early possessors of Claxton, and who took its 
name, had succeeded an earlier family of De Monasteriis 
(or De Musters), and that Bishop Farnham's seneschal had 
acquired rights in half the vill, which he transferred to the 
Hospital. 

12. (XIV) It might be about the same time that 
William de Heriz gave two oxgangs in his vill of Claxton 
to the Hospital. But there seems to be nothing to fix the 
date with certainty. 

13. (IX) Also in the thirteenth century, Robert 
Corbeth and his daughter Sibilla, *'for the love and 
brotherhood of the house," and on account of ten marks 
given by the Master, De Argentaneo, and the brethren, 
granted their whole vill of Hunstanworth, with all its 
liberties, which had been granted by a charter of Bishop 
Pudsey, to be held of the bishop for the twelfth part of a 
knight's service. The mention of De Argentaneo (or De 
Argentine) as Master of Kepyer intimates the approximate 
date. Hunstanworth is thus referred to in the Boldon 
Book : — ** Robertus Corbette tenet Hunstanworth pro 
servicio suo in forest, sicut in carta sua continetur. . . . 
Hospitale S^^ Egidii tenet ibi juxta divisam Walteri 
de Bolbec quandam assartam et pasturam ad nutrimenta 
pecorum et animalium ad opus pauperum quae Dominus 
Episcopus eis in elemosunam dedit." 

The assart and pasture enjoyed there by the Hospital 
previously to Corbett's donation would be included in 
Pudsey's Charters. See above, 3 (III), and 4 (VII). 

14. (X) The same Robert Corbeth further releases to 
the Hospital his claim to a parcel of land between Knock- 



XXIV I NTRODUCTION. 

deneburn {Newkton) and the Derwent. By these last two 
donations the possessions of the Hospital in the upper part 
and to the North of Weardale became further extended. 

15. (IV) Also in the thirteenth century, Ralph de 
Epplyndone(Epplyngdon, Epplynden, &c. ; A(?rfi!e Eppleton) 
granted to the Hospital in fee farm a carucate of land in 
Epplynden (whereof an oxgang contained fifteen acres), ^ 
with the privilege of grinding at his mill next to himself 
and his heirs, on the terms, **dabunt multuram ad 
vicesimum vasculum " ; and, further, 20 acres in Barnes 
and Estwell, 2 crofts specified, and common pasture for 
240 sheep and 20 swine ; the reserved rent for all being 4J. 

** Ralph, fil. Rogeri de Epplyngdene vixit tempore 
Hen. HI" (Surtees, I, p. 217; Pedigree of Epplyngde7i). 
In the following century this possession was exchanged 
for a perpetual rent-charge on the whole Eppleton estate. 
For in a charter of Bishop Richard Kellaw, dated 24th 
December, 131 1, the Master (Hugo de Monte Alto) and 
the brethren of Kepyer are allowed to grant to Robert de 
Epplynden, the then lord, a messuage and two canicates 
of land there, to be held by him and his heirs of the bishop 
in capite, they paying to the Hospital for ever after an 
annual rent of i i^s. 4^. out of the said lands and the whole 
manor of Epplynden, with power to the Master and 
brethren to distrain (*' Registrum Palatinum Dunelm.," 
Vol. ii, p. 1 145).* 

16. (XI) In the latter half of the thirteenth century 
the Hospital also acquired possessions in the parishes of 
Ryton and Lanchester, by the grant of Robert, Bishop of 
Durham, who must have been either Robert de Stichill 
(1260-1274) or Robert de Insula (1274-1283). He granted 
to the Hospital his whole tenement of Crawcrook (parish of 



' The oxgang*, being as much land as an ox was supposed to be able to 
plough in the year, varied in different localities according to the nature of 
the ground. 

^ Surtees ('* History of Durham," i, p. 217, under Eppleton) states 
that Ralph of Eppleton's original deed of grant was, in his time, in the 
possession of Francis Mascall, Esq., the rent-charge having been purchased 
from the Tempests ; and that it bears the old seal of Kepyer Hospital, a 
female figure supposed to represent the Blessed Virgin, whereas the later 
seal of the house was St. Giles and his ** goat." Surtees should have said 
•* his hind." 



INTRODUCTION. XXV 

Ryton-on-^Tyne)^ with mill and mill-service of the whole 
vill, the land which Adam de Ryton held, the millstream 
and fishery of the Tyne, &c., and also the whole vill of 
Yvestone (parish of Lanchester\ which he had of the grant 
of James Latoun. The moiety of the vill of Crawcrook, 
'•'; comprised in this donation, was called after the Dissolution 
Little Kepyer. 

17. (XVII) In the time also of Robert, Bishop of 
Durham (whether Stichill or De Insula), Henry Lyhtfot 
granted to the Hospital land at Demecrok, with various 
privileges. Derncrook is in the parish of Gateshead-on- 
Tyne. 

The following charters are included, the dates of which 
the present Editor has not discovered : — 

(XII). In Elwtck Ralph de Amundevill granted 
a thrave of corn from every carucate in his vill of Stoifold. 

(XVIII). The people of Bedlingtonshire commuted 
the thrave of corn due to the Hospital from every carucate 
of the bishop's demesne lands for gj. a year, payable at 
Michaelmas, **for the support of the poor and strangers 
constantly resorting thither." The difficulty attending the 
carriage of the corn might be the reason of the com- 
mutation. 

In addition to the benefactions above specified it 
appears from other evidence that (probably early in the 
thirteenth century) one Wido de Hotona {Henry^Hutton) 
had given lands to Kepyer Hospital, and that subsequently 
the Hospital had granted the same lands to the Priory of 
Finchale (see ** Priory of Finchale," Surtees Society, 1837, 
p. 100). But this land having been parted with before the 
fire of 1306, the Charter referring to it is not among those 
afterwards verified. 

Subsequent to the endowments and benefactions so 
far specified as having been verified by Bishop Kellaw's 
commission after the fire of 1306 we may notice the follow- 
ing :— 

I. The same Bishop Kellaw, having in the first year 
of his episcopate (131 1), probably for the convenience of 
the Hospital in its depressed state after the invasion of the 



XXVI INTRODUCTION. 

Scots, allowed (as above seen, p. xxiv) commutation of its 
possessions at Eppleton for a rent-charge on the estate, 
granted in his second year (131 2) the tithes of all 
recently reclaimed lands {novalium et novi assarti) near 
Gatesheved {Gateshead)^ and Brounsyde in the parish of 
Auckland, until he should order otherwise concerning 
them ; which tithes had been held and received by his 
predecessor, Anthony Bek. The purpose of this subvention 
is alleged to be to relieve the depressed state of the Hospital, 
and enable it to continue and multiply its charitable works, 
and specially to provide two chaplains for daily divine 
service in addition to those already ministering (** Regis- 
trum Palatinum," Vol. ii, p. 1164). 

2. Further, in his fifth year (131 5), he assigned all 
such tithes of lands brought into cultivation since the 
eighteenth year of Bishop Bek and during his own 
episcopate in various places about Auckland and else- 
where, all definitely specified, to the foundation of **the 
Prebend of Kypier " in the Collegiate Church of Auckland, 
to be called the fourteenth Prebend, and to be appropriated 
in perpetuity to the Master of Kepyer for the time being, 
who was to have a stall in the choir, and all rights of a 
Prebendary. The conditions * annexed were, that the 
Masters of Kepyer should provide one sub-deacon, with a 
stipend of 30s. a year, for the Collegiate Church of Auck- 
land ; that there should be two additional chaplains 
maintained in Kepyer Hospital (making eight priests there 
always, inclusive of the Master) celebrating there for the 
bishop himself, his predecessors and successors ; that ten 
additional poor people should be relieved at the Hospital 
in the daily evening distributions ; that on the bishop's 
anniversary, which was always to be kept, thirteen poor 
should receive each, and be content with, one loaf of the 
weight of sixty solidi, pottage {potagium)^ drink, and three 
red herrings (allecibus, which may denote any kind of 
salted fish), each of the eight priests celebrating at that 
time on eight successive days for the donor's soul. In 
consideration of the burden thus laid on him beyond that 
of other prebendaries, the Master was to be exempt from 
attending synods, chapters, visitations, and the like ; but 



INTRODUCTION. XXVll 

he must always reside in the Hospital, unless at any time 
he should be in personal attendance on the bishop himself. 
For failure in the fulfilment of these conditions power was 
further reserved to the bishop for the time being to declare 
both Mastership and Prebend vacant, and to collate anew. 
(** Registrum Palatinum," ii, p. 1272). 

At the same date, a mandate was issued to the Arch- 
deacon, or his official, to induct Hugh de Monte Alto to 
the prebend personally or by his proctor, he having 
already been invested personally per nostrum annulum 
{Ibid., p. 1277). 

In the same year (2nd June, 13 15) we find also a fresh 
and more formal assignment to the Master of the tithes of 
the new assarts^ about Gateshead, this time with the assent 
specified of the Chapter of the Convent of Durham, and 
with the names of witnesses appended. The preamble to 
this Deed refers, as beforp, to the depressed state of the 
Hospital at the time, with especial mention of its spoliation 
and burning by the Scotch {Ibid,). 

3. The same Bishop Kellaw granted licence to 
William Wilde to bestow in perpetuity on the Hospital a 
messuage and 42 acres of land at Plauseworth, to be held 
of the bishop in chief for the accustomed services {Ibid., 
p. 1281). 

4. Bishop Hatfield, in the same century (a.d. 1351), 
in consideration of the plague, known as the ** Black 
Death," among the tenants of the Hospital, failure of 
crops, and murrain among cattle, granted an indulgence of 
300 days to all who should contribute to its relief (See 
Appendix A, XHI). 

5. In the same century the advowson of the living of 
Hunstanworth, where the Hospital already had possessions 
(see above. Charter IX), together with some other land 
there, was transferred from the Convent to the Hospital. 
As early as 133 1 Bishop Beaumont had granted his 



' In 1 32 1 the tithes of the new assarts about Gateshead and of all the 
bishop's demesne lands there were commuted for a payment by the Rector 
of Gateshead to the Hospital of four marks at Pentecost and Martinmas. 
See Charter of Bishop Beaumont (Durham Treasury ^ Reg^ ii, fo. 8i). 



XXVni INTRODUCTION. 

licence for the transference in return for a reni-charge on 
the Hospital's manors at Caldecot and Clifton. But it was 
not till 1352, under Bishop Hatfield, that the negotiation 
was concluded, the question of an adequate equivalent to 
the Convent for the grant having, as it seems, arisen 
meanwhile. In 1335 Bishop Bury, who intervened between 
Beaumont and Hatfield, had granted licences, with this 
view, for the transference from the Hospital to the Convent 
of tithes at Pittington and Sherburn (See Appendix A, 
V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, XI). It would seem that the bargain, 
however concluded, did not turn out altogether satisfactory 
to the Hospital. For we find them obtaining leave from 
Bishop Hatfield to defer the appointment of a Rector to the 
living, there being no one found, as they alleged, to accept 
it, in view of its reduced revenues and the dilapidated 
state of its buildings (See Appendix A, X). 

6. Lastly, Bishop Nevill, in 1445, appropriated the 
Rectory of St. Nicholas in Durham, with its glebe at Old 
Durham, to the Hospital (See Appendix A, I). 

Such, and so acquired, having been the possessions of 
the Hospital of Kepyer before the Dissolution, a brief 
notice only is called for here of their history after that 
event, a sufficient account being given in Surtees' ** History 
of Durham," or elsewhere. It may, then, be enough to 
note that on the 14th of January, 1545, they were sur- 
rendered by the last Master, William Frankleyn, to the 
Crown ; that Henry VIII thereupon granted them to Sir 
William Paget and Richard Cock ; that, having reverted 
to the Crown after the attainder and disgrace of Paget, they 
were granted by Edward VI (23rd May, 1552) to John 
Cockburne, Lord of Ormeston, a Scot, who sold them, 
after holding them seventeen years, to a Londoner, John 
Heath, Esq., Warder of the Fleet, from whom, through 
the marriage of Elizabeth, heiress of the Heaths, in 1642 to 
' John Tempest, Esq., son of Sir Thomas Tempest, 
Attorney-General of Ireland, the lordship of the manor of 
St. Giles, with other possessions of the dissolved Hospital, 
*"^ been inherited by the present Marquess of Londonderry. 



INTRODUCTION. XXIX 

Portions of the property had, however, been previously 
parted with by the Heath family, Kepyer itself having been 
sold to Ralph Cole, of Gateshead, in 1630, and the 
Tempests being consequently described as of Old Durham, 
not of Kepyer. With regard to Old Durham, it is to be 
observed that it was glebe of the Rectory of St. Nicholas 
in Durham, which Rectory, as has been already shown, 
was appropriated to the Hospital by Bishop Neville a.d. 
1445. It was leased by Ralph Booth (Master of Kepyer) 
in 1479 to his relative Richard Booth and his descendants, 
on a lease of 99 years, and was consequently in the 
possession of the Booth family till 1578, when it would 
revert to the first John Heath as the then impropriator. 

A list, with notices, of the successive Masters, or 
Wardens, of Kepyer will be found in Appendix D. They 
appear to have been usually men of mark, and to have 
been employed by the bishops in other honourable 
functions. The Hospital itself, being a well-endowed 
ecclesiastical corporation, was evidently regarded as an 
important foundation, the headship of which was a position 
of dignity. 

MAGDALEN HOSPITAL. 

A little to the north of the higher part of the street of 
St. Giles there still stands a chapel in ruins, which was 
formerly that of the Hospital of St. Mary Magdalen, and 
also a rectorial parish church, the land around it (about 
23 acres) having constituted a separate parish. No 
distinct record of the origin of this Hospital and attached 
rectory has been found. Surtees (** History of Durham,'* 
Vol. iv, Part 2, p. 67) says vaguely that it '* originated in 
some exchange of lands betwixt the Prior and the House 
of Kepyer ; but the Master and brethren of St. Giles 
objected to any part of their estate being converted to a 
purpose not contemplated by their founder. The Prior 
therefore satisfied the scruple by building and endowing 
the Hospital of St. Mary Magdalen." Where he got this 
story he does not say. If he gathered it from the 
** Compositio inter Priorem et conventum et domum de 



XXX INTRODUCTION. 

Kypyare," preserved in the Durham Treasury (See 
Appendix B, I), he must have read it very cursorily, 
though probably right in connecting that ** Composition " 
with the origin of the Hospital. Its purport may be sum- 
marized as follows : — 

The Hospital of Kepyer had lands at Amerston and 
HuTTvorth, which had been given by Gilbert Hansard for 
the support of a chaplain to celebrate for himself and his 
family (See Appendix A, I, Charter V). The Convent of 
Durham had property at Chyrton in Northumberland, which 
had been given by John de Hameldun for the support of 
three priests to celebrate for himself and his family on 
condition of his two brothers, Henry and Walter, being 
the firmarii feodartt, paying nine marks a year to the 
Convent. An exchange of these properties between 
the Hospital and the Convent had been proposed, but, 
after some contention, had fallen through, owing, ap- 
parently, to the Convent's unwillingness to maintain 
the three priests on the terms proposed in the exchange. 
Eventually, however, through the action of G. Hansard 
and Walter de Hameldun (the representatives of the two 
families whose souls were to be benefited), a composition 
was agreed to, one part of the conditions of which was that 
the Hospital should cede to the Convent certain land at 
Hurworth, together with twelve acres of '* Southcroft " near 
the city of Durham, producing altogether an annual revenue 
of three marks, which were to be devoted by the said 
Convent to pious uses through the hands of its almoner 
in a certain place for the benefit of the souls of the 
said John de Hameldun and of all the departed. Now 
land and tenements at '* Southcroft," described as 
being in Gilligate, had been given to Kepyer Hospital 
by **Stephanus Capellanus " (See Appendix A, I, 
Charter XIX), and, inasmuch as the ** Composition " 
which has been summarized is headed ** Hospitale 
S. Mariae Magd. juxta Kipyer," and as the Hospital 
of St. Mary Magdalen is known to have been 
ever under the almoner of the Convent, there can be 
-little doubt either that ** Southcroft" was the land sur- 



INTRODUCTION. XXXI 

rounding it and held with other land for its benefit, or 
that to the ** Composition" before us its origin is to 
be traced. 

Other documents, also in the Durham Treasury, 
appear to refer to negotiations between the Convent and 
the Hospital on the same subject (See Appendix B, II, 
III, IV). Such transactions are interesting as showing 
how religious houses bartered with each other properties 
given them by benefactors for the repose of their souls, 
and were glad to transfer to each other the onus of 
providing masses for them. 

Thus we may with probability assign the origin of 
Magdalen Hospital to John de Hameldun*s donation to the 
Convent for procuring masses for himself and his family, 
and the date of its consequent foundation to about the 
middle of the thirteenth century. 

There is, however, also in the Dean and Chapter 
Treasury a curious document (first published by the Rev. 
Francis Thompson in the ** Transactions of the Durham 
and Northumberland Architectural Society, 1869-1875"), 
which may appear at first sight, though not really, to 
assert a different origin. It is in the form of a complaint 
{Querela)^ apparently circa temp. Edw. II (1307-1327), 
addressed to the Prior of Durham, of alleged wrong done 
to the Hospital of St. Mary Magdalen by an almoner of 
the Convent, and in its preamble it is alleged as certain 
that a knight, by name John le Fitz Alisaundre, had 
founded and endowed the Hospital for a chaplain and 
thirteen brothers and sisters of the same, who were to be 
needy persons of good character who had seen better days ; 
and that his endowment consisted of lands lying near the 
Hospital and before the gate at Schirburn, and that for the 
sustenance for the chaplain and brethren he assigned to 
the Almonry of the Convent the vill of Rylley and the mill, 
&c., of the vill of Chilton. Now this document, being 
endorsed as ** not containing truth for the most part," 
cannot, of course, be trusted as in all respects correct ; 
but it seems at any rate possible that the **Sir John le 
Fitz Alisaundre " to whom the foundation is attributed 



XXXll INTRODUCTION. 

was the same as ** John de Hameldun," who, according to 
the ** Composition," had given property at Chyrton to the 
Convent, Chyrton and Chilton being supposed to denote 
the same place. If so, the account given in the 
Querela is not inconsistent with the inference from the 
** Composition," since, according to the latter, it was the 
donation of this John that originated the negotiations 
which resulted in the foundation of the Hospital, and 
it was for his soul especially that masses were to be 
said there. (See Appendix B, V, for a copy and 
translation of the Querela). The Hospital was further 
enriched by benefactions of individuals (referred 
to by Surtees, IV, ii, p. 67), including tenements in 
Maudlingate ; and, in 1391, Bishop Walter Skirlaw 
granted an indulgence in its favour (See Appendix B, 
VI). In 1449 the church, being in a ruinous condition 
because of the watery ground (terra aquosa) on which it had 
been built, was removed to a site further west under a 
licence from Bishop Robert Neville to the Prior and 
Convent. He granted also an indulgence of forty days to 
all contributors to the new chapel, the ruins of which 
remain. It was consecrated by a bishop, described as 
Episcopus Holen., under a licence from Bishop Nevill 
dated 6th May, 1451 (Appendix B, VII, VIII). 

A rent of 3^*. a year from a house in Crossgate was 
given to the Hospital by a Vicar of Billingham (Appendix 
B, IX). 

Other benefactions, with a further account of the 
property and position of the Hospital, are found in the 
Hunter MSS., No. 37 (Appendix B, X). 

In the ** Transactions of the Durham and Northumber- 
land Architectural Society, 1869-1875," above referred to, 
will be found interesting references to entries in the 
Almoner's Rolls, preserved in the Durham Treasury, about 
the building and furnishing of the new chapel, and previous 
repairs of the old one, as well as notes about the present 
••emains of the ancient buildings. 

After the Dissolution the Hospital shared the fate of 
r similar foundations ; but its revenues, being vested 



INTRODUCTION. XXXlll 

in the Almoner of the Convent, passed to the new Dean 
and Chapter, who continued to pay a stipend to the clerk 
officiating in the Parish Church of St. Mary Magdalen, 
till, some time after the Restoration, the Church having 
been allowed to fall into ruin, its services were discontinued, 
and the stipend of £4. annexed to the office of Librarian. 
It appears that before the Dissolution this Church had 
been served (wholly or in part) by the master of the- 
school for poor boys who were maintained by the Convent 
and taught in the Infirmary outside the gates. Among 
the duties of their teacher was that of saying mass twice a 
week in the Chapel of St. Mary Magdalen near Kepyer, 
and once a week at Kimblesworth (Appendix B, X). 

THE PARISH CHURCH AND LIVING. 

As has been seen above, the Church founded by 
Bishop Flambard appears to have been intended originally 
as the Chapel of Kepyer Hospital ; but it came to serve 
the purpose of a Parish Church also as the population 
grew up around it. The Brethren of the Hospital, being 
an ecclesiastical corporation, would have the cure of 
souls, serving the Church in person, perhaps usually 
through one of their Chaplains appointed for the purpose. 
For from the Manor Court books (which commence in 
1490) we find that in 1501 Thomas White appeared at an 
extraordinary visitation of the Archbishop of York as 
Parochial Chaplain of the Church of St. Giles. After the 
Dissolution, there having been apparently no separate 
endowment of a Vicarage, the lay impropriator would be 
responsible for providing a minister ; but how he did so 
there seems to be no distinct evidence to show. It may be 
observed that for some time we find the ministers of the 
parish designated as Curates or Chaplains only. So, in 
the Registers of Baptisms and Burials from which extracts 
are given in this volume, William Murray in 1591, 1592, 
and 1594, and Sir John Watson in 1604 and 162 1, are 
called Curates ; and in the Register of Marriages, 
A.D. 1630, the latter is described as ** hujus ecclesiae 
capellanus.** But in 1650, for the first time, as far as is 
known, we find a Vicarage spoken of, viz., in the ** Book 



XXXIV INTRODUCTION. 

of Rates for the Co. Pal. of Durham."' Further, there 
is distinct evidence that in 1655 the Incumbents were 
entitled to tithes from certain lands in the parish. See 
** A note of lands paying tithe to the Church of St. Giles," 
preserved in the Parish Register and printed in this volume, 
p. 152. Then in 1704 William Done, though describing 
himself in the Registers as ** Curate," signs the Church- 
wardens' Accounts as ** Vicar": and subsequently the 
Incumbents, though designated only as Perpetual Curates, 
have claimed without dispute tithes of corn, hay, green crops, 
&c., from certain lands or tenements in the parish. It is 
observable that William Cam, who was Incumbent next 
before the above-named Done and died a.d. 1682 (see 
Register of Burials), signs himself and is designated in the 
Register as Rector. This, however, is the only instance. 
How the right to tithes originated, and why the incumbents 
came to be thus variously designated, is a question that 
invites enquiry. Certain tithes may have been assigned to 
the living by one of the lay impropriators. In 1665 an Act 
of Parliament was passed enabling owners of impropriations 
to reunite tithes or portions of tithes to a parsonage or 
vicarage without licence of Mortmain ; and though this Act 
was subsequent to the dates above given, its intention may 
have been to legalize what had already been commonly 
done. 

It may be observed lastly, in connexion with the 
subject, that in the Registers (Vol. Ill, p. 154) we find the 
following entry : — ** A true Register of all the Orchards or 
yards that pay a modus to y^ Rector or his Curate at 
Easter ... as they have been paid time out of mind in 
lieu of the tyth of hay herbs or fruit growing in y« same 
. . . And received Anno 1693 per Wm. Done, Curate." 
Here the customary payments in lieu of small tithes are 
said to have been time out of mind due, not to the Curate, 



I (t 



The Book of Rates for Co. Pal. of Durham, as it was 
settled about the year 1650 — Alsoe with some Augmentations & 
Ecclesiastical Revenues added since and with divers others — A.D. 1693," 
contains the following" entry : — ** St. Giles' Parish. The Vicarage — 
Augmentacion £^0 is. od." 

Further, a valuation of lands in Durham for a subsidy to King 
Charles II in 1670 contains — ** The Vicarage of St. Giles, £2 os, od." 

( The Late Rev* F, Thompson's papers). 



INTRODUCTION. XXXV 

but to the Rector or his Curate. This may be taken to 
imply that they had been originally due to the Impro- 
priator of the Living, though perhaps usually allowed by 
him to be received by the clerks whom he deputed to serve 
the cure. At first after the dissolution of the Hospital, as 
will appear below, the curates appear to have been only 
unlicensed stipendiaries of the impropriator, who may 
have chosen in this way to provide them with a pittance, 
to which, by prescription, or legal sanction, they eventually 
acquired a claim ; and, when this came to be so, they 
would suitably be called Vicars. Further, it may have 
been because of the endowment having been originally 
rectorial that Cam assumed the title of Rector. 

A claim to other endowments was set up by the 
Rev. Francis Thompson, the Incumbent, when in the year 
1851 a suit was instituted against the churchwardens with 
respect to certain property in the parish known as **the 
Church Estate." Mr. Thompson contended as follows : — 

Though there appeared to have been no original 
endowment of a Vicarage, there had been from time 
immemorial a Guild, endowed with certain burgages or 
tenements in the parish, for the maintenance of a priest in 
the Church of St. Giles. In the Survey of Colleges and 
Chantries under Henry VIII in 1546 it is described as a 
Guild in the parish church of St. Giles, reported to have 
been founded to find a priest for ever for the maintenance 
of God's service in the said church ; and in the ** Valor 
Ecclesiasticus " of Henry VIII its possessions are defined as 
consisting of the site of the chamber of Richard Middleton 
the Incumbent, the chamber there, and 24 burgages in the 
street of St. Giles. Now there are still in the parish 
certain burgages or tenements, constituting what is called 
the Gilligate Church Estate^ the rents and profits of which 
had till 185 1 been for long received and applied to various 
parochial purposes by the churchwardens. In that year a 
Chancery suit (**The Attorney General v, Salkeld ") was 
instituted against the churchwardens (of whom Salkeld 
was one) for maladministration of this estate. It was 
alleged that the Churchwardens had been accustomed to 
let the burgages or tenements on leases of 21 years 



XXXVl INTRODUCTION. 

corruptly and unprofitably, and in recent times had been 
content with a " Beefsteak Supper " given them by lessees 
in lieu of adequate fines for renewal. In the course of the 
proceedings Mr. Thompson laid claim to the profits of this 
estate for the living on the ground of it having originally 
belonged to the ancient guild. His supposition was, that 
after the dissolution of Kepyer in 1545 Richard Middleton, 
the incumbent of the Guild, had served the Church in the 
absence of any Vicar, » and that after his death the 
tenements in question, having belonged to the Guild, had 
been retained in trust by its four proctors, and from them 
passed to the Churchwardens, for its essential original 
purpose of **the maintenance of God's service in the 
Church of St. Giles," the impropriator being only too glad 
thus to save his own pocket.^ It was further contended 
that, though Guilds and Chantries had by i Edw. VI, 
c. 14, A.D. 1547» been dissolved and their property given to 
the King, and though lands and tenements which had 
belonged to this ancient guild were shown by the Ministers' 
Accouptts of the 3rd and 4th years of Edward to have 
passed into the hands of the Crown, and though some of 
them, so described, had been demised by the Crown under 
Elizabeth, yet that copyhold lands, which some of these 
were, had been especially excepted in the Act of Edward 
VI, and power had been given to endow therewith 
Vicarages in Churches where there were Chantries. There 
was, indeed, no evidence forthcoming of this having been 
done, or of the claimant's other suppositions as above-said ; 
but probability was alleged, and it was contended that, in 
the absence of any other known origin of the ** Church 
Estate,*' the Church had, at any rate, an equitable claim. 
The circumstance of the lands having been held by the 
Churchwardens, and not by the minister of the parish, was 
accounted for by the allegation that Mr. Heath, having 
succeeded to the full rights of the Hospital, claimed to 

* This supposition is confirmed by the fact that the plate, etc., of the 
Church, as well as of the Guild, was at first lefl in the charg^e of Richard 
Middleton, to be accounted for by him to the Crown. See Appendix C, p. 249. 

^ These suppositions receive continuation from the fact that in the 
** Ciavis Ecclesiastica " of Bishop Barnes (1575-77) the Guild, with 
-^venue derived therefrom, is mentioned as still existing {** St. Giles 
'ie in St. Giles Churche, vii/. iiijf. ij</."). 



INTRODUCTION. XXXVll 

serve the Church by a stipendiary Curate removable at 
pleasure, and hence that there was no Incumbent in whom 
the property could be vested ; that the Churchwardens 
were, in fact, sequestrators for the living. ^ 

The Court, however, held that, in the absence of any 
proved identification of the property of the Church Estate 
with that of the ancient Guild, the claim could not be 
sustained, except with regard to one tenement, described 
as ** Legge's Lease," which is at present occupied as ** The 
Woodman " Inn. This alone, in the scheme sanctioned 
by the Court, was assigned to ** the maintenance of God's 
service," its net income (estimated at the time as ;£'20, but 
now, according to the accounts published in January, 1895, 
amounting to £50) being allowed to go towards the 
payment of assistant curates in the parish of St. Giles and 
in the then newly-formed district (now the parish) of 
Belmont. 

The Editor of this Volume desires to express gratefully 
his obligation to the Rev. Canon Greenwell, Librarian of 
the Dean and Chapter of Durham, for important aid given 
him in the search for and transcription of ancient documents 
in the Durham Treasury ; to the Rev. P. A. M. Sullivan, 
Vicar of St. Giles, for access to his parish books, together 
with much interesting information ; and, last but not least, 
to the Rev. J. T. Fowler, Vice-Principal of Bishop 
Hatfield's Hall and Librarian of the University of Durham, 
for valuable assistance in the deciphering of MSS., inter- 
pretation of words and phrases, revision of proofs, and 
the preparation of the Index. Thanks are also due to Mrs. 
Thompson, of Warkworth, for her kindness in placing at 
the disposal of the Editor the valuable papers left in 
manuscript by the Rev. Francis Thompson, formerly 
Incumbent of St. Giles. 



* This view is confirmed by the fact that in the ** Clavis Ecclesiastica " 
of Bishop Barnes (1575-77) St. Giles is among* "the Churches and 
Chappells having* none Incumbents, but served by stipendiary e Preestes " 
(See Surtees Society's Publications, vol. xxii, pp. 5, 6) ; and that at the 
visitation held at Durham by Robert Swift, the Chancellor, in 1577, the 
curate of St. Giles who appeared was unlicensed ; — ** Robertus Prentize, 
curatus ibidem. Personaliter. No licence " (Ibid,, p. 46). 



CORRIGENDA. 



p. xi, note i, 1. 4, read ** Cokborne." "Armstrong" is printed 
** Ormstrang-" in Wharton's Anglia Sacra, pt. i, p. 783, and 
"Ormstrong"" in Mick. MS. 32, fo. 721;, but the O has been 
altered from A. 

p. xi, note 2, for " note 4" read ** note 5." 

p. XX, 1. 22, read ** De la Laundeiie." 

I, 1. 13, for " note 2 " read ** note i." 

7, note T, 1. 3, read ^* hex'icon." 

55, note 2, 1. 4, read " Thopas": 1. 11, read ** Spenser's." 

75, note I, 1. I, read ** BsLSire," 

108, 1. 4, "Ann" seems to be meant for "Anthony." 

Ill, the notes should be numbered i, 2, 3. 

123, 1. 30, read pa' ISHE. 

146, note 2 wants the number. 

180, 1. 10, read ** gra,na.tn," 

199, 1. 3, read ** Laundeue." 

202, 1. 18, read ** luestan," 

204, 1. 18, " bladi di Cliftone " read '* de." Ly for !e is common 
in the writings of the school-authors. 

226, 1. 8, read "Thomas." 

254, notes, 1. 2, for "Tho. Grimston " read " W. de Wickwaine." 



PARISH OF ST. GILES, 

DURHAM. 



PREFACE TO GRASSMEN'S ACCOUNTS. 

The office of Grassmen, whatever be the derivation of the 
name — whether from grass j or, as the better opinion seems 
to be, from gersuma (see p. 9) — was to take charge of 
the common lands of parishes. In the parish of St. Giles 
they were two in number, elected annually in Vestry on 
the Sunday after Ascension Day. They continued to be 
so appointed, certainly till 1790, to which year the two extant 
books of their accounts extend, and probably till the 
enclosure of the moor in 181 7. The funds for which they 
were accountable arose mainly from "stents" (^.^., rights 
of pasturage) on the moor, as well as in certain 
** townfields," which were subject to intercommon during 
the winter months (see p. 40, note 2). They also derived 
income from rents of certain common lanes which were 
available for pasturage, from **cavells," or allotments on 
the moor, from ** tenter-rents" (paid for the privilege of 
bleaching on the common land), and, till the lord of the 
manor interfered, from the sale of whins. From time to 
time, also, they were empowered by parish meetings to 
exact ** cesses" for various specific purposes (see pp. 11, 
22, 25, &c.). Their expenditure was primarily for main- 
tenance of the moor, its fences, gates, water supply, and 
the like, including prosecutions for trespass and law-suits 
respecting rights of commonage, and other expenses 
connected therewith. They met also out of their funds 
governmental requirements, as for bridges in the County, 
the house of correction, apprehension and conveyance of 
prisoners, maintenance of the parish armour, supply of 
soldiers for military musters, and provisions for the king's 
service. In the earlier years of their accounts we find, to 
a small extent, provision for the poor included, and in one 
year (1586) a contribution for casting a church bell. 

The system of stinting (or stenting) on the common 
land appears to have been as follows. The right was 
confined to inhabitants of Gilligate after an initiatory 



XXXU INTRODUCTION. 

was the same as ** John de Hameldun," who, according to 
the ** Composition," had given property at Chyrton to the 
Convent, Chyrton and Chilton being supposed to denote 
the same place. If so, the account given in the 
Querela is not inconsistent with the inference from the 
** Composition," since, according to the latter, it was the 
donation of this John that originated the negotiations 
which resulted in the foundation of the Hospital, and 
it was for his soul especially that masses were to be 
said there. (See Appendix B, V, for a copy and 
translation of the Querela). The Hospital was further 
enriched by benefactions of individuals (referred 
to by Surtees, IV, ii, p. 67), including tenements in 
Maudlingate \ and, in 1391, Bishop Walter Skirlaw 
granted an indulgence in its favour (See Appendix B, 
VI). In 1449 the church, being in a ruinous condition 
because of the watery ground (terra aquosa) on which it had 
been built, was removed to a site further west under a 
licence from Bishop Robert Neville to the Prior and 
Convent. He granted also an indulgence of forty days to 
all contributors to the new chapel, the ruins of which 
remain. It was consecrated by a bishop, described as 
Episcopus Holen., under a licence from Bishop Nevill 
dated 6th May, 1451 (Appendix B, VII, VIII). 

A rent of 3 J", a year from a house in Crossgate was 
given to the Hospital by a Vicar of Billingham (Appendix 
B, IX). 

Other benefactions, with a further account of the 
property and position of the Hospital, are found in the 
Hunter MSS., No. 37 (Appendix B, X). 

In the ** Transactions of the Durham and Northumber- 
land Architectural Society, 1869-1875," above referred to, 
will be found interesting references to entries in the 
Almoner's Rolls, preserved in the Durham Treasury, about 
the building and furnishing of the new chapel, and previous 
repairs of the old one, as well as notes about the present 
remains of the ancient buildings. 

After the Dissolution the Hospital shared the fate of 
other similar foundations ; but its revenues, being vested 



INTRODUCTION. XXXIU 

in the Almoner of the Convent, passed to the new Dean 
and Chapter, who continued to pay a stipend to the clerk 
officiating in the Parish Church of St. Mary Magdalen, 
till, some time after the Restoration, the Church having 
been allowed to fall into ruin, its services were discontinued, 
and the stipend of £/[ annexed to the office of Librarian. 
It appears that before the Dissolution this Church had 
been served (wholly or in part) by the master of the- 
school for poor boys who were maintained by the Convent 
and taught in the Infirmary outside the gates. Among 
the duties of their teacher was that of saying mass twice a 
week in the Chapel of St. Mary Magdalen near Kepyer, 
and once a week at Kimblesworth (Appendix B, X). 

THE PARISH CHURCH AND LIVING. 

As has been seen above, the Church founded by 
Bishop Flambard appears to have been intended originally 
as the Chapel of Kepyer Hospital ; but it came to serve 
the purpose of a Parish Church also as the population 
grew up around it. The Brethren of the Hospital, being 
an ecclesiastical corporation, would have the cure of 
souls, serving the Church in person, perhaps usually 
through one of their Chaplains appointed for the purpose. 
For from the Manor Court books (which commence in 
1490) we find that in 1501 Thomas White appeared at an 
extraordinary visitation of the Archbishop of York as 
Parochial Chaplain of the Church of St. Giles. After the 
Dissolution, there having been apparently no separate 
endowment of a Vicarage, the lay impropriator would be 
responsible for providing a minister ; but how he did so 
there seems to be no distinct evidence to show. It may be 
observed that for some time we find the ministers of the 
parish designated as Curates or Chaplains only. So, in 
the Registers of Baptisms and Burials from which extracts 
are given in this volume, William Murray in 1591, 1592, 
and 1594, and Sir John Watson in 1604 ^^^ 1621, are 
called Curates ; and in the Register of Marriages, 
A.D. 1630, the latter is described as ** hujus ecclestae 
capellantis.** But in 1650, for the first time, as far as is 
known, we find a Vicarage spoken of, viz., in the ** Book 



4 PREFACE. 

The following particulars of the observance after 1635, 
as shown by these Grassmen's books, may here be noted. 
In 1636, 1637, 1638, 1639, it is briefly noticed thus : — 
** For going about our bounders," the expenses being 
moderate, never amounting to more than 5^". After this 
there is no allusion to it till the year of the Restoration, 
1660. The breaking out of civil war (of which these 
accounts show abundant signs) would in the first place 
account for the interruption, and then the prohibition of all 
such superstitious vanities under the Commonwealth. It 
should be observed, however, that for 1640, between 1643 
and 1647, and again between 1649 and 1659, no accounts 
remain. Certainly at once on the return of the merry 
monarch the observance was revived, and went on year 
after year with increasing festivity and increasing expen- 
diture. After a time the cost seems to have been complained 
of ; for in 1705 we find an order of Vestry limiting it in future 
to i6s. ; but, as the succeeding accounts show, without any 
permanent effect. As time went on, we observe as follows. 
The perambulation, except for the common herd, was on 
horseback, the parson, and often the clerk too, being 
mounted at the cost of the parish. Children, both ** lads" 
and ** lasses," always accompanied the procession, and 
were regaled on the route with bread, cheese, and ale.' 

description of the Rog'ation Procession with solemn relig'ious rites, which 
was retained at Ripon till about 1830. In it the vested choir, leaving" and 
returning to the Minster during Matins, perambulated the town, chanting- 
certain prescribed psalms and ending with the Litany, halts being made at 
three places, where the Gospel for the day was read. Such Gospel reading- 
formed part of the pre-Reformation rite at crosses or trees, the latter being- 
hence called '* Gospel trees " or ** Gospel oaks." Cf, Brand (p. 199, in Ed. 
1873) for notice of such "Gospel trees" at Wolverhampton, where "pro- 
cessioning " with religious rites, as at Ripon, is said to have continued till 
1796. My abovesaid informant, Mr. Robert Allison, the present ** Grieve," 
speaks of an old oak on the lane to Pitting^on from the village of Broom- 
side having marked a boundary in the Gilligate perambulation. This may 
possibly have been a " Gospel Oak." It will be seen in the account given 
below of the perambulation in 1895 that " the Oak " in this lane is spoken 
of as still marking the place where a halt was made, beer was broached, and 
sports were held. Elsewhere in the County of Durham the custom of 
perambulation is still continued ; notably so at Blanchland, where it is still, 
or certainly was very lately, conducted with much parade, lasting for two 
days, though not apparently at the proper Rogation season. But neither 
there nor elsewhere does there seem to be any retention of religious 
observances, though at Blanchland certainly (according to a graphic 
description, written by the parish clerk of the time, of the ceremonial in 
1853) there has been no lack of potations and revelry. The original 
religious meaning of Rogation Processions has been lost sight of in our 
enlightened age, but by no means any old custom of eating and drinking. 

' To the credit of the humanity of the good people of St. Giles there is 
no allusion in these books to the alleged ancient custom of whipping boys 
at certain places in order to impress on them a lasting remembrance of the 



PREFACE. 5 

** Musicioners," a drummer and a fiddler being especially 
mentioned, were always in attendance, being rewarded 
both by ** drinks" and payments. ** Drinks" generally 
were frequent during the procession, which terminated with 
a dinner for a large number of persons at the cost of the 
parish, ** the parson's dinner," or the ** parson's club," and 
often the clerk's too, being in most years separately 
mentioned. ** Prunes," or ** raisins," are occasionally 
mentioned as provided, and in 1706, for the first time, 
** tobacco." The first mention of a horse race is in 1688, 
a saddle, or saddle and spurs, being for several years 
provided to be run for ; and in 1720 and 1721 plates brought 
from Newcastle are subscribed for. There were also races 
for the boys, with a hat, or hat and ribbon, for the prize. In 
1698, and regularly afterwards, a *Mass" with a **garling" 
(i.e.y garland) appears on the scene. In some years there 
are two, i^. being always paid to each *Mass with y^ 
garling." There were also competitions in dancing among 
the girls, the prize being a pair of gloves. See a.d. 1708 : 
** For a pare of glufes to dans for, u.," and ** Given to the 
gerell that danst for the glufes and lost her part, 6rf." 
We may thus form for ourselves the picture of a pleasant 
annual gala-day, in which all the parishioners took part, 
on a flowery and breezy moor still in its primitive freshness, 
with rites befitting the merry month of May, in which 
Ascension Day most usually falls. And if, as might well 
be the case, the frequent and copious potations spoken of 
led to some excess, this, too, it -may be feared, was 
characteristic of the manners of the age, and cannot be said 
to be entirely obsolete. See subjoined account of pro- 
ceedings in 1895. The custom of riding the boundaries is 
still continued, but now only occasionally, usually once in 
seven years, followed by a dinner, which is now provided, 
not by the parishioners, but by the lord of the manor, his 
manorial court being held on the same day. The most recent 
court and perambulation were on Ascension Day, 1895. 
The following description of the latter, supplied by one 
responsibly concerned in it, may be of interest, and worth 
preserving : — 

**The following is the route traversed in a perambula- 
tion of the Boundaries of the Manor on a Court Day, 

boundaries, in evidence of which custom Brand cites an entry from the 
old Churchwardens' books at Chelsea, " Given to the boys that were whipt, 
4s." The pr'esence, however, of children, usual at perambulations generally, 
may be supposed to have had the purpose of keeping up a memory of the 
boundaries in each rising generation. 



6 PREFACE. 

the Steward, jury and posse comitatus keeping to the 
main road, whilst the Grieve and Constables traverse the 
actual Boundary when over cultivated or enclosed land : — 
viz., from the Britannia Inn to the corner of the Duck 
Pond ; thence to the Sherburn Road at Giles Bridge ; thence 
over the Old Durham estate, in a south-westerly direction, 
to a point on the old Wagon Way, about 300 yards west of 
Sherburn Road ; and thence to West Sherburn ; thence to 
Sherburn Grange, and thence to a point in Renny's Lane 
east of East House, and then back along Renny's Lane 
to Gilesgate Moor Cottage ; thence in a northerly direction 
to the Durham and Sunderland highway at a point a little 
east of the site of the old Toll Bar ; thence along the 
Durham and Sunderland Road, past Carrville to the trough 
beyond Belmont ; then back by the Durham and Sunder- 
land Road to Belmont Hall, where a penny acknowledge- 
ment is paid for not going through from Belmont Hall 
to the Oak Tree in Pittington Lane ; thence back along the 
Durham and Sunderland highway to the Grange Inn in 
Carrville, and thence by the cross road to Pittington Lane ; 
and so to the Oak Tree in Pittington Lane. Here it is 
customary to tap the barrel of ale and partake of the refresh- 
ments supplied for the jury and friends, the posse comitatus 
being subsequently regaled, and spice distributed to the 
children, and prizes given for foot races ; after which the 
perambulation is resumed back to the Britannia Inn, and 
thence to a doorway of a house below the Britannia Inn, 
where id. is paid as an acknowledgement for not traversing 
the boundary through the premises ; thence to a lane near the 
chain leading down to Ellis Leazes, and a stone is knocked 
off the wall at the foot of this lane, thus maintaining the 
right to traverse the boundary to the river, through the 
field past the Mayor's Well ; then back to Tinkler's Lane, 
and down Tinkler's Lane to the river, and along the 
river to Pelaw Leazes Lane, and thence past the Training 
School to Gilesgate, and then back to the Britannia Inn." 

The following further details of the proceedings in 
1895 have been furnished by the present Vicar, the Rev. 
Ponsonby A. M. Sullivan, and are, with his permission, here 
inserted, inasmuch as it is always desirable to preserve 
contemporary records of interesting old observances which 
might otherwise fade from memory : — 



PREFACE. 7 

** I attended the Capital Court of the Lord of the 
Manor and Borough of Gilligate, Lord Londonderry. I 
heard the Jury solemnly sworn in ; also the ** affearers,"^ 
who had to amerce the fines, and the special constables. 
Mr. H. D. Wright, steward of the lord, presided. This 
was in a large upper room of the Britannia Inn. The 
Churchwardens were then called upon to produce the 
Church-plate, according to ancient custom. It was not, 
however, produced : we gave our testimony to its existence. 
We then paid through our churchwardens certain out-rents 
for messuages and land belonging to the Church. It being 
Church property, we were charged, for one year, 3^., instead 
of 2is. for seven years. After this the paying of out-rents 
by copyholders and others went on for nearly two hours. 
At 1.30 the procession started. First, two or three men, 
who had to walk the actual boundaries over hedge and 
ditch. Then the Steward's carriage and pair, containing 
himself and his clerk, myself, and Mr. Ralph Salkeld, while 
on the box by the driver sat the Grieve^ old Allison, with 
his beard trimmed, and a grand new suit of clothes, but his 
old stick, with which he very emphatically laid down the 
law, pointing out to the walkers the course they should 
take. After this carriage came a large brake in which sat 
the Jury ; then various conveyances, and a number of men 
on horseback, and a very large and boisterous crowd of 
pedestrians. First of all we drove round the site of the 
extinct duck-pond ; then along the Sherburn road, stopping 
from time to time to watch the walkers, or to refer to the 
Steward's map for boundary points. Then it was dis- 
covered that it was not exactly the bounds of the parish, but 
of the manor, that were being perambulated. We drove 
along, pennies being thrown out at intervals for the boys, 
as far as the turn down to Sherburn House ; then back to 
Dragon Villa, and then down the ** Green Lane" to 
Ravensflats. Here the Jury had to view two gates on the 
left, or north, side, thrown out illegally by Farmer Parnaby 
on to the Lord of the Manor's waste land, i.e.^ the Green 
Lane. They were adjudicated illegal, I believe. Here the 
Jury ordered the beer cask to be tapped, and had begun to 
drink, but the Steward stopped this premature carouse.^ 



' " Afferare. — Multam taxare, temperare: hinc afferatores, apud Anglos, 
qui in curia nuncupata Leta multas recognoscunt et moderantur." — 
D' Amis' Lexion. 

' If, however, the Steward had studied the Grassmen's books, he 
would have known that refreshment at this point had been usual in ancient 
times. Cf,, A.D. 1683, " For drinke in Pittington loninge from Ravensflat 



8 PREFACE. 

We turned back, and on our way one of the horsemen 
charged with great violence into our carriage, and did 
some slight damage. Many of the horsemen were very 
wild and rowdy — some decidedly drunk. When we 
reached the Sunderland Road, I leit the party and walked 
home. They went on to Belmont, where the beer was 
broached — ^by authority this time — and sports were held, 
chiefly races of various kinds. ^ The Steward told me that 
there had not been so large and excited a crowd in his 
memory. When they returned, I once more joined the 
Steward and a few on foot in the lower part of Gilligate, 
going with them down Bakehouse lane, and seeing the 
stone knocked off* the wall to mark the right down to the 
Mayor's Well ; then down Tinkler's lane, up Leazes lane 
from the river, and so home." 

Other matters of interest in these accounts, including 
historical allusions, will be pointed out in the notes. It 
may be observed here, with regard to the occupations of the 
parishioners, that the frequent occurrence of the designations 
** tanner" and ** roper," shows that the industries thus 
denoted, which exist still, were of old standing in Gilligate, 
while changed circumstances have caused the ** glovers" 
and ** weavers," of whom there is frequent mention, to 
disappear. Among the latter the **challan-weavers," ^.^., 
shalloon-weavers, are prominent, shalloon being a kind of 
woollen stuff. 



one the bounder day, Sd," ** Pitting^on loning-e" in this entry, and in the 
Grassmen's books g'enerally, seems to denote what is now called the 
"Green Lane," or "Kenny's Lane," leading direct from Gilligate to 
Pittingfton, and not that between Broomside and Pittington, as in the 
account given above of the perambulation in 1895. 

' See above (page 6) for the place, viz., at "the Oak in Pittington Lane," 
which, as has been pointed out, was probably in olden times a " Gospel 
Oak." An oak, possibly about 150 years old, still marks the spot, being on 
the left side of the lane leading from the Village of Broomside to Old 
Pittington, outside the hedge of the plantation belonging to Belmont Hall, 
and 437 paces from the middle of the road bridge which crosses the railway 
at the end of Broomside Village. In an Ordnance Plan of 1857 the tree on 
this spot is distinctly marked exactly at the place where the present 
boundary between the parishes of Pittington and Belmont crosses the road. 
There is a tradition also of another Boundary Oak formerly existing on 
the Sunderland Road, some way beyond the " trough beyond Belmont 
Hall." This trough, in the account of the recent perambulation, given 
above on page 6, is said to be now the boundary in that direction. 



PARISH OF ST. GILES, 

DURHAM. 



GRASSMEN'S ACCOUNTS,— Vol. I. 

Expenses for this present yere 1579 beeing gyrsmen' 
John taylor & Robert Hudspethe. 

Item paid to John burdes for dusson of haye. Item 
payde to Edward Symson wyfe for halfe a dussen stone of 
haye to the bull^ xiid. Item payde to Rycharde gylson for 
syxe dayes vd. a day at the more dycke for layinge up 
earthe to y^ whicke^ ijs. vid. Item payde to Rycharde 
Robinson for suche lyke ijs. iijrf. Item payde to Rycharde 
Robinson for thorny nge the wicke for saufegayrde of the 
shepe for seven dayes vd. a daye ij\r. xjd. Item payd to 
Rycharde gylson eight dayes for suche lyke iijs, iiijd. 
Item payde to Roger Dyckenson for his mayre for cayriing 
a prisoner to Auckeland viijd. Item payde to Robert 
Smythe of petinton for up houlding of the yate in Petinton 
layne^ vjd. Item payde to Rycharde Robinson one day for 
maykyn dene the punfolde and one daye for cuttinge of 
whins and two dayes for castinge of the grypp aboute the 
pynfoalde and whicke to the saymes ijj. vid. Item payde 

' So till 1590, when "grasmen" first occurs. Afterwards always 
" grasmen," or ** grassmen." The orig-inal spelling supports the view of 
the connexion of the word v/ith ^ersuma. See Surtees Society's Publications, 
vol. ixiv, p. 383. 

* Continual mention will be found afterwards of the Parish Bull, kept 
for the use of the parish, being pastured on the Moor in Summer and 
housed in Winter. In 1605 a ** Bull-house " was built for him, ** house- 
room for the bull " having been previously paid for. 

3 The dike surrounding the Moor may have been planted for the first 
time this year with a quickset hedge, the young plants being (as appears 
below) protected by thorns. The ** upholding" of this fence will be found 
to have required continual attention. 

* Pittington Lane may be identified with the broad green one, now 
commonly called ** Renny's Lane," which runs eastward in a direct line 
towards Pittington between the Sherburn and Rainton roads. There is 
still a gate at its eastern end separating it from the parish of Pittington. 
It will be seen that this as well as other lanes, being fenced on each side, 
were often let to individuals in successive years for pasturage. 

5 The parish pinfold remained till recent years in the open space on 
the South side of Gilligate near the Church. It appears from this entry 
to have been originally enclosed by a dike and hedge. Subsequently, as 
will be seen, it was fenced with wooden palings, then with a clay wall, and, 
in 1753, with stone and brick. 



lO GRASSMEN*S ACCOUNTS. 

to lohn Frankelayne for the retourne of the sesment money 

iiijrf. Item payde for paper to this booke . It. paide 

to Richard Robenson for {the rest illegible). 

Expences for this present yere 1580 who beinge 
gyrsmen Thomas Hudspethe Ingram taylor. 

Item payde to Robert Smythe of petynton for up 
holdinge the yate in Petynton layne vjrf. Item payde for 
two dussen stone of hay to the bull \\]s. Item payde to 
Robert Smythe of petynton for up holdinge the gayte in 
petynton layne vjrf. Item payde to Robert Smythe of 
petynton for maykinge of the two yates of the more newe* 
and for maykinge of a bryge at gyls bryge' iijV. Item 
payde to Rychard Robinson for maykinge of the poore 
folkes hedges of the more vrf.3 Item payde for Ses money 
to the briges for the use of y« parishe payde to the constable 
hands xiijV. Item payde to Rychard Robinson for 
maykinge of the dycke of the more perteanynge to the 
house that Rychard Jacson wont in ijrf. Item payde to 



' Le,, Pittington grate, above referred to, and Sherbum gate, often 
afterwards mentioned. 

' Gillsbridge is where a now insignificant brook crosses the Sherbum 
road, flowing down to the Wear, which it enters at the West end of Pelaw 
Wood. It will be seen from many subsequent references that there was a 
** carr," or pond, there, kept up by damming and " scouring " as a watering- 
place for cattle, from which a "gutter" flowed, over which a new> bridge 
was made in 1735. 

3 It appears from this and other similar entries that certain widows and 
other poor people had houses and allotments on the Moor, fenced with dikes 
at the cost of the parish. Cf, (1582), ** to william pavie for mendinge of 
the poore folkes dycke at the more one daye, va?." ; (1583) " For mendinge 
of the poore folkes dycke of the more, viiifl?." ; (1584) ** For mendinge of 
wedow home dycke of the more iifl?." ; ** Wedowe Wilkinson and wedowe 
taylor do." ; " Wedow Winter and for Malle Colson do." ; " Wedowe 
Smythe and peter Crosbie do." ; (1586) ** Payd for the poore mens dycke that 
dwell att the pant" ; (1590) *' For mendinge of certayn poore folkes dickes 
on the more " ; (1591) ** For mendinge certayne porcions of the moire dicke 
belonginge to some poore about the pant"; (1593) The same ; and other 
similar entries. It may be here noted that there appear also to have been 
formerly certain parcels of land in the parish called *' poor's land," traces of 
which have now disappeared. Notices found of it are as follows. In 
the Accounts of the Churchwardens, which begin in 1664, there is in that 
year the entry, ** Reed half a year's rent for the poore's land, £1 12 o"; 
and in 1683, " For dressing the poors land." In the Parish Register there 
is a memorandum stating that a legacy of ;{^io by Ralph Young for the 
use of the poor, A.D. 1636, was *' laid out in a parcel of ground for the 
use of the poore in Gylligate." In the ** Note of lands paying tithe to 
ye Church of St. Gyles," drawn up by Mr. Elias Smith (the Incumbent), 
A.D. 1655, there are two parcels designated as Poor's "land," viz., one of 
three roods, called "Midlan Poor Land," in " Pello Leas," and another of 
one acre in "Bakehouse Leas," ue.j probably in Ellesleases, near the 
present Bakehouse Lane. 



GRASSMEN's accounts. II 

surviers (surveyors) of the hye wayes* ijs. iijd. Item payde 
to Robert Smythe of petinton for the up holdin of the yeat 
in petinton layne vjrf. Item payde for sesmoney to the 
taylor John cooke and to the Constable vjs. viiid. Item 
payde to george Surtees for mendinge of the plankes of the 
more yayte vjrf. Item payde to Anthonye Cooke for 
gaytheringe of stones iijrf. Item payde to Rychard 

Robinson and to Robert Wilson for the lower 

car" of the more xvjd. [Caetera desuni]. 

The accounts for i^8i and 1^82 are wanting, except 
the following entry, which appears to have been the con- 
cluding one for 1582. 

Item payde to william pavie for mendinge of the 
poore folkes dycke at the more one daye, vrf. 

On the back of the page on which the entries for i^8j 
begin there is a list of 65 surnames, each preceded ^ a 
cross and a letter (presumably initial of Christian name), 
and followed by a sum of money, the sums varying from id. 
to iijj. iiijrf. ; thus : — 

X E symson . . iijrf. 

X J atcheson . . ijd. 

X g brown . . iijrf. 

X R wilson . . iijs. iiijrf.3 

27ien follows : — Sum xlijs. ixd. paid to thes above said 
out of the xliiijV. viijrf. which was resaved of the coun- 

staples. This Indenture maid . Robert Hudspeth 

de Gelegait in suburbiis de civitate Dunelm. Tanner. 
Robert Hudspeth. M^ Thomas Johnson and nephew. 



Expences for this present yere 1583, These beinge 
gyrsmen. lohn burdies Cuthbart martyn for that present 
yere. Item payd to Rycharde Robinson vd. a daye for 



' Cf. ** Pittifigton Churchwardens' Accounts," Surtees Society, vol, 
Ixxxiv, p. 88. 

' A carr was a pool in marshy ground. C/i " From Northcave to 
Scalby 3 miles, al by low marsch and medow ground. This Fenne is 
commonly caullid Waullyng Fenne, and hath many Carres of Waters 
in it." — Leland, liin,, vol. v, p. 124. On Gilligate Moor we find mention of 
"the great Carr" and "the Lower Carr," both "dressed," or "scoured," 
and " dammed " from time to time for watering the cattle. One of them 
seems to have been at " Gilsbrigg," where " the bog," " the car," " the 
letch," and a " watering place," are elsewhere alluded to. For notices of 
these carrs, see pp. 12, 13, 14, 16, 18, 26, 45. On pages 14 and 45, " the 
lower carr" is mentioned in connexion with " gilles brige letche." 

3 The list appears to be one of persons among whom (as appears 
afterwards) a sum received from the constables was distributed. The 
purpose of the distribution does not appear. 



12 GRASSMEN*S ACXX>UNTS. 



skowringe of the great Can* of the more fower dayes the 
hole some is all togeather xxd. Item payd to lohn thorpe 
for suche lyke vrf. a daye fower dayes, xxrf. Item payd 
to Thomas crayme {Graham ?) for suche lyke vd. a daye 
fower dayes mm?. Item payd to William Homble for 
mendinge of the gaytes of the more, vjrf. Item payd for 
drinke that was gyven to the worke men that skowered 
the Carr, iijrf. Item payde agayne for skowringe of the 
wather to Rychard Robinson vrf. a daye two dayes, xrf. 
Item payde to Thomas crayme {Graham ?) for suche lyke, 
xd. Item payde to Thomas tomson for suche lyke, xd. 
Item payde to fower men for bearinge of the cryple to 
sherborne, xvjrf. Item payd to Thomas yonge for 
mendinge of the poore folkes dycke of the more, viijrf. 
Item payd for kepinge of this booke, vj^f. Item payd to 
Thomas yong for mending of the poore folkes dickes of 
the more, vjrf. 

1584. Expences for this present is xs. ixd. 

Thes beynge gyrsmen lohn hubbock Raufe gayre. 
Item payde for a swall* to mend the yate of the more, 
xvjrf. Item paid for a swall to mend the yate of the 
more, xvjd. Item payde to William homble for mendinge 
of the yates of the more, viijrf. Item payde for carryinge 
of a cryppell to Shereborne, xijrf. Item payde to the 
Sherobalaye concernyinge a wache,* xiijd. Item payde 
to Rycharde Robinson tor skowringe of ducke pull,^ vd. 
of the daye fyve dayes, ijs. jrf. Item payde to william 
pavie for suche lyke fyve dayes, ijs. jd. Item payde to 
Rycharde Robinson for mendinge of the car of the more, 
vd. Item payd to Rycharde Robinson for mendinge of 
wedow home dycke of the more, ijrf. Item payde to 
Rycharde Robinson for mendinge of Robert cornforth 
the wryght dycke of the more ijd. Item payde to william 
pavie for mendinge of wedow winter and for malle Colson 
dycke of the more, iiijrf. Item payde to Rychard Robinson 
for mendinge of wedowe smythe and peter Crosbie dycke 
of the more, iiijrf. Item payd to william pavie for 
mendinge of wedowe wilkinson and wedowe taylor dycke 
of the more iiijrf. Item payde to william homble for 

' See Glossary. 

' Probably a watch, i.e., for looking* out for marauders. There are 
many signs in these accounts of an insecure state of things at this time. 
The Sherobalaye means the Sheriffs BailiflT. 

3 The " Duck pool " or *' Duck pond " was, and remained till recenUy, 
on the space before the houses on the South side of the upper part of the 
street, where the pinfold, above-mentioned, also was. 



grassmen's accounts. 13 

mendinge of the yates of the more at two severall tymes, 
vijd. Item payde to william pavie for mendinge of william 
Coningam dycke of the more, ijrf. Item payde to Thomas 
yonge for mendinge of william weathearell and James 
hodgson dycke of the more, iiijrf. Item payde for kepinge 
of this booke, viijrf. Item payd for a byll maykinge of a 

bill to the Constaples 

The somme of the expences is xjs. vijrf. 

[JVo accounts are found for is8^\ 

Expences for this present yere 1586 beinge gyrsmen 
Thomas marshall Edward Symson. 

Item payd for the poore mens dycke that dwell att the 
pant^ vd. Item payd to lohn thorpe for mendinge of the 
hie wayes in the streat at the comman punfouuld, vrf. Item 
payd to Anthonye cooke for certayne wood to mend the 
yate of the more xvj^. Item payd to william homble for 
mendinge of the sayde yate of the more, viij^. Item payd 
to lohn thorpe for mendinge of the dycke of the more, vd. 
Item payd to Rychard Robinson for suche lyke, vd. 
Item payd to peter gelson for mendinge of the style 
of the common Rydge of ellesleyes,^ ij^. Item payd to 
Thomas browne for his two horse for cariinge a prysoner 
to darton {Darlington ?) ijs. iiijrf. Item payd to the castinge 
of the bell of this our money, xxxxs.3 Item payd to lohn 
thorpe for mendinge of the carr of the more, vd. Item 
payd to peter gelson for mendinge of the dycke of Ellesleyes, 
iija. Item payde to lohn thorpe for mendinge wedowe 
taylor dycke of the more, ijd. Item payd to Thomas 
yonge for mendinge of lohn Atkinson dycke of the more 
and for wedowe Wilkenson dycke, vd. Item payd to the 

* ** The pant " (meaning- a conduit for water) is often mentioned. 
There appear to have been two ; for see below, A.D. 1594, ** bannds, 
&c., for the dowre of the lower pant." One of the fields on the 
South side of the street of Gillig-ate, a little above ** Causey foot," is 
marked on old plans as ** Pant Close," opposite to which on the North side 
of the street was, till comparatively recent years, a common well, resorted 
to by the inhabitants for water. In this locality may have been the ** lower 
pant." The other may be supposed to have been on the Moor itself. Cf. 
below (a.D. 1591), ** porcions of the moite dicke belong-inge to some poore 
about the pant,'' Also (1593) the same. 

' Ellesleases (still so called) was the tract of land descending towards 
the river on the North side of the street. The ** Common rydge " (rigg?) 
might be a portion of the land there subject to rights of commonage. 

3 The bell thus subscribed to from the Grassmen's Fund may have been 
subsequently recast ; for of the three bells now existing, the only one 
which is not of pre-Reformation date bears the inscription, '* Soli Deo Gloria, 
1640, A.E., R.T., R.C., T.D.," being thus shown to have been cast subsequently 
to this year. 



14 grassmen's accounts. 

hands george storie chutbart martyn beinge constaples for 
the byinge of certayne furnyture beloinge to this parishe,' 
vjs. iij^. Item payd for wrytinge of this booke, viijrf. 

[The accounts for the years that here intervene do not 
appear]. 

The new gras men for this yere of our Lord 1590 lohn 
peirson & george cragg & they resaved in money 
declara at ther entrance •* 



Item Resaved of Frauncis browne fisher, iiiji*. Item 
resaved of Anthoney trolope, iji*. viij^. Item Resaved of 
William mowbray iiiji". Item Resaved of george tompson 
Laborer, viijrf. Item Resaved of peter nycholl for a 
horse, iiijV. 

1 59 1 {Inserted here). 

[Thomas hewitson is maid free by the right of his 
father in law lohn gaskin for so many gaites of cattell as 
his said father in law haith paid for in that tyme {?) he was 
inhabitant within this parish of S* gilles and for no more 
the hole stent is vj . . . head and the foresaid lohn haith 
paid but for iiij^r. 

Resaved of Frauncis browne fisher for a horse, iji". 

Resaved of Anthonye trolope for 2 kie, 2^". Resaved 

of William mowbray for a horse 4^. Resaved of 

georg tompson laborer for a koow is. Resaved of 

peter nicholl for a horse 4^.] 



Expences laid furthe this present yere 1590. 

Item paid to george tompson thomas prentisse lohn 
thorpe Thomas thompson for skowringe of gilsbrige letche 
& the lower car & the springes that comes to yts v]d. a day, 
some \}s. Item paid more to thomas whitton Xp'ofer 
tompson thomas prentisse william mowbray for suche lyke, 

' Meaning probably the common armour which parishes were required 
to have ready for use with a view to military service. Cf, " Pittington 
Churchwardens' Accounts," Surtees Society's Publications, vol. Ixxxiv, p. 85. 
It will be seen below that such armour had to be inspected by the justices 
from time to time in various appointed places. See Index {Armour), and the 
direction of the Lord Lieutenant in 1594, given below, from which it appears 
that the parish was responsible for the equipment of three soldiers. 

' The Grassmen's receipts, as well as expenses, begin now to be 

entered yearly. They were derived principally from " stents," i,e», 

payments for the privilege of pasturing cattle on the common. For the 

system of such ** stents," and of rights of common generally, see Preface, 

I. 

3 Cf» above, p. 1 1 , note 2. 



grassmen's accounts. 15 

iji". Item paid to Robt cornforth for mendinge the yeat on 
the more, vjd. Item paid for skowringe of a gutter in the 
scrat lonnynge^ iij^. Item delyvered to the hands of the 
counstaples lohn smythe & lohn hubbacke for certayn 
busines about the quenes affaires at houghton, vs. Item 
paid to thomas crame {Graham ?) for mendinge the mayden 
castell dicke,2 vd. Item paid for mendinge of the more 
gaite & a gape to thomas whitton & lohn pereson, viij^. 
Item paid to lohn pereson for mendinge EUeslesse dicke, 
iiij^. Item paid to Anthoney trolope for mendinge of 
certayn poore folkes dickes in the more, vjrf. Item paid for 
the wrytinge of our account, xijrf. 

The new gras men chosen for this yere of our Lord 
1 59 1 lohn smyth & Artch connyngham & they receyved at 
ther entrie in money iiiji*. 

Item Resaved of Eliner cooke singilwoman for ij Kye 
accordinge to the orders ijs. viijrf. Item Resaved of Isabell 
spurston wedow for a horse iiijs. Item Resaved of lohn 
wardell for a cowe iiijV. Item Resaved of William murray 
curaite^ for ij Kye, iiijV. Item Resaved of Isabell spurston 
aforesaid for a cow, iji*. 

The hole Receites is iijV. xij>. viij^. 

Expences this present yere 1591. 

Item paid to thomas thomson Anthoney trolope lohn 
thorpe for the skowringe of the doocke poole evere of them 
two days vjrf. a day & ijd. to drink, iijs, ijd. Item paid to 
Edward symson for the kepinge & dightinge of the common 

' This lane has not been identified. 

" As to the " Maiden Castle," or " Maiden Bower," on Gilesg^ate Moor, 
see Introduction, and Index (Maiden), 

3 Some order, probably of the Parish Vestry, about ** Stents," which is 
not recorded, Cf, Preface, p. i. 

* "Will's Murrey Clericus Parsona Ecclesiae praedictae [«.^., Sci 
Eg-idii]. Admittitur Min. Can. Ao, 1573. Natus Ille fuil i Januarii 154I-. 
Rector fuit de Elton. Min. Can. fuit per 75 annos in simul. Sepultus in 
Eccl. Set Oswaldi die Sci Mich'is 1649. Aliquando sub Matth. Cooper in 
Eccl. beatae mariae in Ballivo Australi officiavit. Pater ille fuit Rob'ti Murrey 
Clerici Vicarii de Kelloe. Qui Rob'tus postea Min. Can." (" Mickleton 
MSS.," No. 32, p. 52). He became Curate of St. Giles, 4th Feb., 1584, and 
afterwards Vicar of Pittington, in succession to his uncle Robert Murrey ; 
which living he resigned nth Oct., 1621 {Register of Bp. NeiJe, Dioc, Reg,), 
In 1594, Sir John Watson appears below as having succeeded him as Curate 
of St. Giles. In 1591 (April 20th) he married Elizabeth Orde of West Orde 
(See Register), who after his death married in succession two prebendaries 
of Durham, viz., Henry Nanton and Ralph Tunstall. ** Will's Murrey 
Clericus, Vicarius [de Piffington], Cujus uxor fuit Eliza Ord de West Ord 
prope Barwick in Com North'riae. Post ejus mortem dicta vidua sua Eliza 
nupta Henrico Nanton iv prebendario D. et tertio nupta fuit Rad'o Tunstall 
X prebendario D. Nov. 1605 " (** Mickleton MSS.," No. 32, p. 124). 



1 6 grassmen's accounts. 

armor for the last yere past, iiji". Item paid to Rychard 
Robinson for skowringe the springs that feadethe the lower 
carr with water, xijrf. Item paid for the common armor 
shewinge at houghton the xix day of august before the 
Justices to thomas prentisse thomas conyngham & Rychard 
tompson viij^. a man & the counstables charges vjd. a 
peace, the hole some, iijs. Item paid to william howell & 
his Sonne for one hole day worke at the more yeat the vij 
of September, xvd. Item paid to lohn thorpe for a burthen 
of rounges^ to the said yeate, ijrf. Item paid for one selme* 
to the same, iijd. Item paid to george tompson for 
makinge the dicke at the lower end of the Elless Leasses 
a little after S^ cuthbert day, iiijrf. Item paid to thomas 
prentisse for shewinge of one common armor* the xiiij day 
of October before the Justices upon the place grene, vjd. 
Item paid to Edward taylor for mendinge certayne porcions 
of the moire dicke belonginge to some poore about the 
pant, vjd. Item paid to george surtys for certayne buccles 
to the common armore which was wantinge, iiijrf. Item 
paid for the booke kepinge & wryting our account, xij^. 
The some of the expences xiiijV. xd. 

The election of the new grass men for the yere of our 
Lord 1592. James mitchelson & Edward hall and they 
Receive in money at ther en trie . 

Resaved of georg Allan for one cow as a outman iji*. 
Resaved of Andrew curro vijs. iijd. Resaved of William 
murra curate, vjs. Resaved of Isabell spurston wedow, iji*. 
Resaved of thomas baker for one cowe, ijs. Resaved of 
Edward Wilkinson, xvj^. Resaved of Thomas orde, iiijV. 
Resaved more of georg Allan, ijs. 

The hole Some of the receats is iiijV. iji*. iiij^. 

Expences laid for this yere 1592. 

Imprimis for the more dicke, xviijrf. Item more my 
selfe ij dayes & the hurd iiij dayes, xviijrf. Item for the 
more yeat mendinge, viijrf. Item paid for oyle to the 
common armore, iiijrf. Item for kepinge the Elless leas 
dike, xijd. Item paid for the drissinge of the armore & 
caringe of yt to the muster, iijs. Item paid for kepinge the 
armore, xijd. Item paid for nailes & buckles to the 

* See Glossary. 

' ** One common armor" may mean one soldier's equipment. It is 
observable that this year armour was exhibited twice — in Aug^ust at 
Houghton, and in October on the Place {hod. Palace) Green. One of 
the suits may have been found defective at the first inspection, and so had 
to be shown again. It appears below that certain buckles had been wanting. 



grassmen's accounts. 17 

armore, viijrf. Item paid for gettinge of 800 slates to 
cuthbert stokell laid out by me James mytchelson, iiijV. viijd. 
Item delyvered to the churchwardens for the mendinge of 
the pant, ixs. Item delyvered to georg cragg counstaple, 
ixs, iiijrf. Item paid to lohn thorp & thomas prentiss 
for skowringe the water surves {service) on the more, xijrf. 
Item paid to the hurd for makinge the dike on the more 
the tyme of winter when it was nedefull, ij>. viijrf. Item 
paid to thomas tompson for repayringe the mayden castell, 
iiijj. x]d. Item paid more to the hurd for mendinge certayn 
gapes in the more dike, iiijrf. Item paid for kepinge of 
the booke & wrytinge our account, xijrf. 
Some of the expences, xliji*. vj^. 

Remayninge to the new grasse men lohn taylor & 
Edward wilkinson for this yere folowinge, 1593, xxiiijV. vjrf. 
{erased). 

Resaved at this account of georg cra^^ for ij kye, 
\}s. viijrf. Resaved for Xpofor swinney, iiiji". Resaved 
of Andrew curro at this tyme ixrf. in full payment of all 
his hole stent after xvj^. a cowe. 

The grass men lohn taylor & Edward wilkinson 
Resaves at ther entre in money xxxji*. ijrf. 

Resaved of Thomas cowlson for one cowe, xvjrf. 
Resaved of lohn tyerman for one cow, iji*. Resaved of 
Rowlan tompson for one horse, iiiji". Resaved of Edward 
wilkinson for ij kye, ijj*. viij^. Resaved of thomas baker 
for one horse, iiijV. Resaved of george allan for one 
horse, iiijV. Resaved of lohn Anderson for one horse, 
\]s. viijrf. Resaved of Anthoney Ranaldson for one cow 
xvjrf. 

The some of the Receits \]s. xd. 

The grassmen for this yeare 1592 Resaved at ther 
entrens in monie i — ij. 

Resaved of Thomas coulson for one cowe, oo-ii . 4. 
Resaved of lohn tyerman for on cowe, 0-2 — . Resaved 
of Rowland tompson for on horse, 00-4 — . Resaved 
of Edward wilkingeson for 2 kye, 00-2 — . Resaved of 
Thomas baker for one horse, 00-4 — . Resaved of georg 
allan for on horse, 00-4 — . Resaved of lohn Anderson 
for on horse, 00-2 — . Resaved of Anthoney Ranaldson 
for on cow, oo-i — . 

Expences laid furth for this yere 1593. 
Item paid to Thomas whitton for vi stoupes & settinge 
of them for the cattell to rubb on the common, vj^. Item 



1 8 grassmen's accounts. 

paid to lohn thorpe for mendinge of certayn porcions of 
dicke belonginge to some poor about the pant, vjd. Item 
more to lohn thorpe for mendinge the yeate on the more, 
ijrf. Item paid for mendinge a band of the dore at the 
pant, ijd. Item paid for latt brodes bought at darnton 
for M^ heaith bawcus,^ xd. Item paid to thomas tompson 
for castinge of the car iij dayes & a halfe, xxjrf. Item 
paid to lohn thorpe for such lyke, xxjrf. Item paid to 
Rychard Robinson for two dayes, xijd. Item paid to 
thomas whitton for two dayes, xijrf. Item paid to thomas 
Grame for one day, vjd. Item paid for a gallan of ale to 
the workmen, iiijrf. Item paid to thomas whitton for 
makinge the hedge upon the ellessless, iiijflf. paid more to 
the said thomas for thornes to the same, iiijrf. Item paid to 
lohn thorp for makinge certayn places at the lower car for 
the cattell to dringe {drink)y vjd. Item paid to thomas 
Mitchall for the building of Rychard morlan bawcus,* xijs. 
Item paid to Robt. hudspeth for wryting our account & the 
booke kepinge, xijd. 

Some of the expences xxijs. viijrf. 



' Mr. Heath's bakehouse ; i.e., that of the lord of the manor, at which 
the tenants were required to bake their bread, as well as grind their corn 
at his mill. Cf, Copy of Court Roll, a.d. 1600 (g-iven below in this volume), in 
which Mergaret Smithe, tenant of a burgage in Gilligate, is bound ** molere 
granam suam ad molendinum domini, et pinsere panem suum ad Communem 
pistrinam domini." In a suit instituted in the year 1726 by John Tempest, 
then lord of the manor, against certain inhabitants for alleged trespass 
on the common and other infringements of his manorial rights, he asserted 
the obligation of freeholders as well as copyholders of the borough to use 
his bakehouse only, even to the exclusion of their rieht to bake their bread 
in their own houses. See below, p. 39. It would seem from the entry 
before us that the parishioners had to keep the lord's bakehouse in repair, 
as well as resort to it. In the Manor Court Book is found as follows : — 

** II Oct., 13th Car. I. Pain — That all who bake white bread within the 

parish shall bring it into the bakehouse between 6 & 7 in the forenoon & 
their household bread between 10 & if upon pain of 35. 4^. each offender." 
The lord's bakehouse may be supposed to have been where a bakehouse 
existed till within living memory, viz., the last house on the North side 
of the street, where a lane, still called " Bakehouse Lane," bounds the 
parish on the West ; the adjoining land being also designated as 
** Bakehouse Leazes" ; as in the following extract from the Manor Court 
Book, 3 Nov., II Car. I. : — **Pain — That none shall misuse the Bake-house- 
Well or Bake-house- Leazes- Well upon pain of every one so offending — 6s, Sd." 

" This appears to have been a new bakehouse, distinct from 
Mr. Heath's manorial one, which has been already mentioned. It may be 
that such inhabitants as were not bound by their copyhold tenures to use the 
lord's bakehouse only were now resolved to have one of their own, at which 
they could bake on their own terms. We find subsequently in 1610 (p. 39) a 
tcified rate of charges not to be exceeded by the '* backhouse-man." 



grassmen's accounts. 19 

New grass men chossen the Sunday next after the 
Assencion day* in the yere of our lord 1594 william 
cornforth & thomas hewitson & they Resave in money 
at ther entre . 

Resaved of Robert connyngham for a cowe, wever, — 
xvjd. Resaved of Xpofor tompson laborer for two whyes, 
iiijj. Resaved of Rychard thompson sonne of william 
tompson sagerston {i.e., sexton) for thre gaits, iiijV. Resaved 
of Robert conyngham wever for one cowe, xvjd. Resaved 
of lohn watson curaite* for thre gaits, vjs. Resaved of 
lohn tyers for a cow, ijs. Resaved of the said lohn 
tyers for A horse, iiijV. Resaved of the foresaid Robert 
coningham for a horse, ijj*. viij^. Resaved of Rychard 
frissell the last end of his hole stent, iiij. Resaved of 
lohn smyth tanner the last end of his hole stent, iiij. 
Resaved of Rychard chilton, ijs. viijrf. Resaved of lohn 
smyth challanwevers for two whyes, iji". viijrf. Resaved of 
lohn Anderson roper for a cow, xvjd. Resaved of William 
hilton for ij kye, ijs. viijrf. Resaved of Thomas crame for a 
cow, ijj*. viijd. Resaved of the foresaid william hilton for 
a horse, ijs. viijd. Resaved of A gentlewoman which is 
dwellinge in M^ Raphe conyars house which he dyd taike 
of lohn tyerman for a cow paid ijs. Resaved of Thomas 
cornforth challanwever for iiij^r gaits, vs. iiijrf. Resaved 
of Thomas marshall tanner the last end of his hole 

stent . Resaved of Xpofer shereton for the last end of 

his hole stent . Resaved of georg Cragg for ij gaits, 

ijs. viijd. 

Some of the Receits iiij/, 8s. 2d. 

Expences for this yeare 1594. 

Item paid to thomas crame for mendinge the more 
yeat, xijd. Item paid to Robt. cornforth for mendinge 
the same yeat, iiijrf. Item paid to georg Surtiss for bannds 
& other nedefull things to the dowre of the lower pant, vd. 
Item paid for the drissinge of the common armoure, xxd. 
Item paid to lohn Johnson for caryinge the railes to the 



' This was the usual day for choosing the Grassmen for the year, 
the perambulation of boundaries having been, as at present, on Ascension 
Day. 

' Curate of the parish after the removal of William Murrey to Pittington ; 
called " Sir John Watson" in 1597. Cf. " Mickleton MSS.," No. 32, p. 52 :— 
" Johes Watson [al. Sr John Lack-Latin] fuit Min. Can. Ao 1598." His title 
of *' Sir " associates him pleasantly in one's mind with Shakespear's curates 
of the period ; while his nickname might well have suited some of them. 
For some further notice of him see under '* Extracts from Registers." 

3 See Glossary. 



20 grassmen's accounts. 

new yeat of the moure, vjrf. Item paid to thomas crame 
for upholdinge the more dicke for the hole yeare, iiijV. 
Item paid to Robt. hudspeth for wrytinge our account, 
xijrf. Item paid to William homyll {Humble?) for makinge 
A new yeat to the more hym selfe & his sonne ij dayes 
xiiijW. a day, some, \}s. \n]d. paid to georg allan for 
kepinge of the common armor, xvijrf. Item paid for a 
common purss to the grass men, ijflf. 
Some of the expences xij j. xd. 

grass men chosen for this yeare followinge 1595, 
Thomas hudspeth & Andrew curray, and they Resave at 
ther entrance in money iij/.. xvj. iiijrf. 

Resaved of lohn pearson the yonger for two kye, 
\]s, \n]d. Resaved of lohn Johnson for a horse, i]s. viij^. 
Resaved of Rychard tompson for A horse, \]s, viij^. 
Resaved of William hilton for a cowe, xvj^. Resaved 
of Rychard Chilton for two kye, \]s, viijflf. Resaved of 
lohn smyth challan weaver for a cowe, xvjrf. Xp'ofor 
Jarvice carpenter the first newincomer after the last order 
and haith paid acordinge to the same for one cowe, iiijj*. 
Resaved of lohn homyll glover for one horse and two 
kye after the Raites of the same order, xvji*. Resaved 
of Thomas marshall laborer for two kye after the same 
raite & order, viij>. Resaved of Leonard whelden for 
one cowe, ijj. Resaved of James cowtman for one cowe, 
xvj^, Resaved of Thomas hewitson for a cowe, xvjrf. 
Resaved of george tompson for two kye, iji". viijrf. 
Resaved of lohn pearson the yonger for two kye, ij. viijrf. 
Resaved of Thomas Snawball for one cowe, xvja, Resaved 
of Ingram taylor for two kye his hole stent, ijj*. viijrf. 
Resaved of Thomas marshall Laborer for two kye, viijV. 
Resaved of lohn homell glover for one cowe, iiijj. 
Resaved of lohn watson curate for two kye, iiiji*. 
Resaved of Rychard chilton for one cow, xvjrf. 

The Some of all the Receaits is vij/. viiji*. 

A copie of A dereccion from the lord Lieftenantt to 
the Justices appointed for Esington warde concernyng the 
repayringe of the common armore in everie parishe. 1594. 

Wheras the right honorayble the lord Lieftenantt of 
thesse north p'ts haith bene informed that the common 
Armor in Esington warde is out of repaire and not so kept 
for hir ma^>es service as yt ought to be for remedie wherof 
his lordship haith geven derection unto us to geve com- 
aundement unto yowe to se that the said armor be 
Jaired and kept in good case that therwith hir ma*'« may 



GRASSMEN*S ACCOUNTS. 21 

be well and trulie served and your selves discharged yo*" 
bounden duties, wherfore for that Esington warde is in 
our division I have Apointed one Robt. heslopp to vewe 
all the Armore and what is a miss and not servicable that 
he shall dress repaire and amend the same yowe agreinge 
with hym for everie armore iijs. iiij^. when they ar maid 
servicable And afterwards for kepinge the said armore in 
reparacion to pay hym for everie armore xij^. in the ye re 
hereafter Thus much upon his lordships derection to us 
[we] will and charge yowe to se this our warrantt performed : 
geven under our hands and seales the iij'*^ of Sep- 
tember Anno Regni Elizabeth &c. xxxvj^K 

Ry chard belassisn 
Henry Anderson / 

Imprimis Resaved of M^ heith of kepeyere iijs. iiijd. 

Item Resaved for the far graunge xxd. 

Item Resaved for Ramsyde ... xx^. 

Item Resaved for old durham xx^. 

Item Resaved for gelegaite ... xx^. 

wch p'teculer somes was paid for the dressinge of "j 
the thre common armore v/^^ this parishe is charged I 
w^^ to Robt. heslop appoynted by my 1. leifteannt l^^' 
& the lustices as his warrant doith here testefye. ) 

[The above, which appears as a later page of the book as 
norm bound up, is shown by its date to belong to this year iS9¥]' 

Expences for this yere 1595. 

Item paid to Rychard morlans man for the carage of a 
tre for a stoupe to the new yeatt, iiijrf. Item paide to 
william homyll for dressinge of yt & settinge of yt, xd. 

Item paid to the hurde for helpinge of hym the same day . 

Item paid to the counstaples for makinge a paire of new 
stocks to lohn hutcheson & Xpofor Jarvis, iijs. ijd. Item 
paid to Rychard Robinson for makinge the dicke of 
elleslese, vd. Item paid to Rychard Robeson & his 

* Cf, (A.D. 1597), " For dressing of the common Armar at the 
Commandement of Mr Richard Bellasses" (** Houghton-le-Spring" Vestry 
Book," Surtees Society, vol. Ixxxiv, p. 272). Richard Bellasis, of Morton 
House in the parish of Houghton, being a justice of the peace, was also a 

governor of Kepyer Grammar School in that parish with John Heath of 
lepyer, who, together with Bernard Gilpin, Rector of Houghton, had 
founded it. The original governors were the two founders. Heath and 
Gilpin, with power to either of them to appoint successors. John Heath had 
apparently appointed Richard Bellasis after the death of Bernard Gilpin in 
1583. Henry Anderson, also a justice of the peace, originally of Newcastle, 
was the owner of Elemore and of Haswell Grange (the latter being in 
the parish of Easington), and lessee under the Chapter of Durham of 
Hallgarth Manor in the parish of Pittington, in succession to Christopher 
Morland, whose daughter and heiress he had married. 



22 GRASSMEN's accounts. 

daughter for gettinge of stones out of sherborne borne one 
day, ixd. Item paid to Thomas crames daughter for one 
day for such lyke, iiijflf. Item paid to Daniell hudspeth for 
one day & a halfe, vijd. Item paid to the husbands of 
sherbourne for carrage of x foother of stones from ther borne 
to the cawcie,^ vjs. viijrf. Item in bread & drinke to the 
waynmen, viijrf. Item paid to Roger Ezeike {?) for an Iron 
bolt to the stocks, xd. Item paid to Ry chard Robeson 
for mendinge the dicke on the more, viijrf. Item paid to 
Edward brantingham for rep'racion the more dicke, xxd. 
Item paid for dressinge the common armore belonginge 
to the parish, vjd. Item paid to Thomas Crame for 
makinge the hedge aboute the mayden castell, vid. Item 
paid to the counstaples for a sesment for the quenes 
affaires, vj^. viijrf. paid to Thomas marshall counstaple for 
a sesment to the Salt peter man* a penne of the pound, xd. 

' The paved way called the **cawcie" (or "causejr"), for which we find 
stones again led in 15991 was probably from Gillsbng' (See above, p. 10, 
note 2) on the Sherburn road to the bottom of the upper declivity of Gillig^ate, 
still called ** Causeyfoot," for keeping* which in repair one Margaret Hall in 
1622 left 305. in her will (See " Extracts from Registers "). 

^ Curious information about the ** saltpetre man " will be found in Notes 
and Queries, 1st Series, vii, 376, 433, 460. It appears that any soil 
impregnated with animal matter, such as that of stables, cow-houses, and 
dove-cots, was claimed by the Crown with a view to home production of 
saltpetre, to be used in making gunpowder ; and the Government Official for 
this purpose was called the Saltpetre man. In a proclamation of Charles I 
(1625), *' for the maintaining and increasing ot the saltpetre mines of 
England for the necessary and important manufacture of gunpowder," it is 
set forth '* that our realm yields sufficient mines of saltpetre without 
depending on foreign parts. Wherefore for the future no dovehouse shall 
be paved with stones bricks nor boards, lime sand nor gravel, nor 
anything whereby the growth and increase of the mine of saltpetre may be 
hindered or impaired, but the proprietors shall suffer the ground or floors 
thereof, as also all stables where horses stand, to lie open with good and 
mellow earth, apt to breed increase of the said mine. And that none deny 
or hinder any saltpetre man, lawfully deputed thereto, from digging taking 
or working any ground which by commission may be taken &, wrought for 
saltpetre, &c." Another proclamation in 1627 (with reference to a patent 
that had been granted to Sir John Brooke and Thomas Russel for making 
saltpetre by a new invention) gives them power to collect the animal fluids, 
which were to be preserved by families for this purpose, once in 24 hours 
in Summer, and once in 48 in Winter. It seems that the saltpetre-men were 
apt to abuse their powers : for Lord Coke, in a '* Speech & Charge with a 
Discourse of the Abuses & Corruptions of Officers " (8vo, London, 
N. Rutter, 1607), says, ** There is also a Saltpetre man, whose commission 
is not to break up any man's house or ground without leave ; and not 
to deale with any house but such as is unused for any necessarie employment 
by the owners, &c., and not to digge in any place without leaving it smooth 
8l level, in such case as he found it. This Saltpetre man under shew of his 
authoritie will make plaine & simple people beleeve that he will without 
their feave break up the floore of their dwelling house, unless they will 
^ compound with him for the contrary, &c." Further, in 1656 an Act was 
^sed forbidding the saltpetre makers to dig in houses without leave of the 



GRASSMEN*S ACCOUNTS. ^3 

Item paid to the counstaples for another sesment of a penne 
of the pound for the kepinge of A sluhound,i xrf. paid to 
Edward brantingham for repairinge the dicke of the more, 
xxd. Item paid for wrytinge our account & the booke 
kepinge, xijrf. 

Some of the receats - - xxix^. iij^, 

paid fourth in expences — iiji". iiij^. 

Some of the hole expences — xxxijV. vijrf. 

Some declara to the hands of the new grass men lohn 
smyth and lohn trype which they resave at ther entrance 
for this yere 1596. 

Resaved of Edward cornfourth Ropper for two 
kye, ijs. viijd. more Resaved of the forsaid Edward 
cornfurth for other two gaits, ij. viij^. Resaved of Robart 
conningham wever for one cowe, xvjd. Resaved of 
Xp'ofor Jarvis carpinter for a cowe, iiijj*. Resaved of lohn 
wilson Sonne of Raphe wilson Rop' (roper) for his hole 
stent, viijV. Resaved of lohn whitfeild for two kye smyth 
of Sherborne house, viijV. Resaved of Thomas cowlson 
cooke the last ende of his hole stent, ix^, Resaved of 
Robart cowlson for one gate, xvjd. Resaved of george 
tompson for one gaite, xvjrf. Resaved of Leonard whelpton 
for one gaite, ijs. Resaved of Thomas carnfourth challan 
weaver for two gaits, ijs. viijd. which is the last of his 
hole stent. 

Some of the Receats is 7/. gs. gd. 

Some of the receats vijl. ijs. gd. 

Expences for this yere, 1596. 

Item paid to Rychard Robinson for up holdinge the 
Dicke of the more for one halfe yere, ijs. Item paid to 
Thomas marshall and lohn howell counstaples for a 
sesment concernynge the day of truce (?) the xvij day of 
august 1596, vjs. ob.2 Item paid to Rychard Robeson 
for mendinge of certayne capes (gaps ?) on the ellesslease, 
iiij^. Item more paid to the foresaid Rychard for the same 



owner. The " Sesment to the salt peter man " in the text may have been 
for the purpose of a composition with him as intimated by Lord Coke. 

' The keeping* of a sleuth-hound for hunting culprits, the previous 
provision for a *' watch," and the number of prisoners conveyed to various 
places about this time, appear significant of a state of insecurity, from 
social or political causes, at this period of Elizabeth's reign. 

' In this year (1596) a treaty was concluded between Elizabeth, 
Henry IV of France, and the States against Philip after the taking of 
Calais by the latter, which was followed by the expedition to Cadiz (See 
Lingard, vol. vi, p. 273). This may be the ** truce " alluded to. 



^4 GRASSMEN*S ACCOUNTS. 

dicke, . Item paid to daniell hudspeth for caryinge of 

a creaple to Sherborne, iiijrf. paid for charges at the court 
for suyinge of Robt. barro, vijflf. Item paid for dressinge the 
common armor november 28, 1596, xij^. Item delyvered 
to the Churchwardens for the releife of wedow wilson 
lyinge sicke at the mercie of god, xijflf. Item paid to lohn 
howell counstaple for the Releife of william grene taylor 
when he was suspected to have y® playge,^ Item paid to 
Thomas mitchell for cariinge of a prisoner to ferrie hill, xd. 
paid for the booke kepinge & wrytinge of our account, 
xijd. Item paid to Xp*ofor Jarvis for mendinge the more 
gate, xvjrf. paid to Rychard Robeson for the more dicke 
the last halfe yere . 

Grass men chosen for this yere followinge 1597 Symon 
alderley & george tompson & they Receive at ther entrance 
declara {the sum erased). 

Some vj/. xv^. iiijd. ob. 

Resaved of Robert hudspeth for two gaits, ijs. viijrf. 
Resaved of Edward brankingham for two gaits, iiijs. 
Resaved of lohn tripp for two gaits paid his hole stent, 
ij^. viijrf. Resaved of george Thompson for one cowe, 
xvjrf. Resaved of george tayleyr glover for iiijer gaits, 
vs. iiijd. Item Rec^ of Robt. Barry for his fredom of the 
common for all his gaites viij>. and there is geven him 
back of this said some with the consent of the whole 
parishe — iiij\s*. and so Rec^ for all his hole stent. 

Some of all th^ receyts vij7. xs. 

Expences paid out this present yere 1597. 

Item paid to patricke garrie for caryinge a prisoner 
to aukland, vijflf. Item paid to Xp'ofor jarvis for mendinge 
the yeat of the more, viijd. Item paid to lohn homyll for 
his horse for the quenes servis, xd. Item paid to lohn 
anderson for mendinge ellessleise dicke, vjrf. Item paid for 
dressinge the common armore, vjrf. Item paid to george 
tompson for the upholdinge of the more dicke for the hole 
yere, iiij^. Item paid for the wrytinge of our account, xijd. 
Item for our charges at the seute of Robt. Barrow, xxjrf. 



' This is the first allusion in the Grassmen's books to the contaeious 
sickness, usually called ** the plague/' which was prevalent in the North 
during* the latter years of Elizabeth, as to which, and its fatal effects in and 
about Durham, see Surtees Society's Publications, vol. iv, pt. 2, p. 7. It first 
affected the parish of St. Giles in 1589, and, after a cessation, broke out 
again in 15971 ceasing finally in 1604 (?). (See Register of Burials). 
But it will be seen below that there was again a suspected case in 1605. 



grassmen's accounts, 25 

Delyvered of the grasse money in the tyme of the 
visitation^ to S^ lohn watson curaite and lohn smyth with 
others as followeth. 

Item paid to the counstaples for a sesment, vi^. viijd. 
Imprimis first delyvered to S*^ lohn watson, viij^. more 
delyvered to hym at another tyme vj>. viijrf. Item 
delyvered to the hands of lohn Smyth, xs. Item delyvered 
to Rychard chilton counstaple for makinge of two lodges 
to Andrew curro, iiij\s*. Item more delyvered to the said 
counstaple for the relevement of James cowtman the tyme 
he was on the moore, vs. Item paid to Raphe Robeson 
for buryinge of James cowtmans wyfe, iij^. iiijrf. Item 
delyvered to william cowtman to by vitalles to the clengers 
(cleaners?) when they were dressinge James cowtmans 
house, viijrf. 

Somme of the expences xliiijV. jd. 

{In another hand). Some is in all \s. ixd. 

Grass men chosen for this yere followinge 1598 lohn 
wilson & Thomas Snawball and they receyve at ther 
entrance declara v/. xxiijrf. 

lohn fressill haith paid to the hands of lohn wilson & 
thomas Snawball for iiij^r gaits of the common vs. iiijd. 
Resaved of william newton tanner for fyve gaites of the 
common accordinge to the order servinge his apprentiship 
within the said parishe, xs. Resaved of lohn smyth 
challan weaver for two ^aits, ijs. viijd. Resaved of Robt. 
browen for two gaits, ij. viij^. Resaved for the common 
bull, Is. 

Some of the hole receyts viijV. xij^. vij^. 

Expences for this yeare 1598. 

Item paid for vj horsses to Ferrie hill for cariinge 
the pledges,^ iijs. Item paid to the churchwardens for 
solger money, iiijs.s Item paid for dressinge the common 
armor, xijd. Item paid for cariing of a prisoner to new- 
castell, xvjd. Item paid for the kepinge of the bull,4 iij>. 
Item paid for drissinge the maiden bower,s ij^*. viij^. Item 

' I.e., the plague aforesaid, which was commonly so desig-nated. We 
observe in the entries that follow the sanitary provision of huts or 
*' lodges " on the Moor for the seclusion of infected persons, and the careful 
purification of infected houses. 

' Sureties, or hostages ? The purpose is unknown. 

3 For "Soldier money" see '* Churchwardens' Accounts," Surtees 
Society, vol. Ixxxiv, p. 19. 

* There has been no mention of a bull since 1580. The parish may be 
supposed to have done without one of its own. For the purchase of a new 
one now see first entry of 1599. 

5 This is the first occurrence of ** bower " i'nstead of ** castle." (See 



1 6 grassmen's accounts. 

armor for the last yere past, iijs. Item paid to Rychard 
Robinson for skowringe the springs that feadethe the lower 
carr with water, xijrf. Item paid for the common armor 
shewinge at houghton the xix day of august before the 
Justices to thomas prentisse thomas conyngham & Rychard 
tompson viij^. a man & the counstables charges vjrf. a 
peace, the hole some, iijs. Item paid to william howell & 
his Sonne for one hole day worke at the more yeat the vij 
of September, xvd. Item paid to lohn thorpe for a burthen 
of rounges^ to the said yeate, ijd. Item paid for one selme' 
to the same, iijrf. Item paid to george tompson for 
makinge the dicke at the lower end of the Elless Leasses 
a little after S^ cuthbert day, iiij^. Item paid to thomas 
prentisse for shewinge of one common armor* the xiiij day 
of October before the Justices upon the place grene, vjrf. 
Item paid to Edward taylor for mendinge certayne porcions 
of the moire dicke belonginge to some poore about the 
pant, vjd. Item paid to george surtys for certayne buccles 
to the common armore which was wantinge, iiij^. Item 
paid for the booke kepinge & wryting our account, xijrf. 
The some of the expences xiiijj. xd. 

The election of the new grass men for the yere of our 
Lord 1592. James mitchelson & Edward hall and they 
Receive in money at ther entrie . 

Resaved of georg Allan for one cow as a outman iji*. 
Resaved of Andrew curro vijs. iijd. Resaved of William 
murra curate, vjs. Resaved of Isabell spurston wedow, ijs, 
Resaved of thomas baker for one cowe, ijs. Resaved of 
Edward Wilkinson, xvjrf. Resaved of Thomas orde, iiijs, 
Resaved more of georg Allan, ijs. 

The hole Some of the receats is iiijV. ijs. iiijrf. 

Expences laid for this yere 1592. 

Imprimis for the more dicke, xviijflf. Item more my 
selfe ij dayes & the hurd iiij dayes, xviijrf. Item for the 
more yeat mendinge, viijd. Item paid for oyle to the 
common armore, iiijrf. Item for kepinge the Elless leas 
dike, xijd. Item paid for the drissinge of the armore & 
caringe of yt to the muster, iijs. Item paid for kepinge the 
armore, xijd. Item paid for nailes & buckles to the 

* See Glossary. 

' *' One common armor" may mean one soldier's equipment. It is 
observable that this year armour was exhibited twice — in Augfust at 
Houghton, and in October on the Place (hod. Palace) Green. One of 
the suits may have been found defective at the first inspection, and so had 
to be shown again. It appears below that certain buckles had been wanting. 



grassmen's accounts. 17 

armore, viijd. Item paid for gettinge of 800 slates to 
cuthbert stokell laid out by me James mytchelson, iiiji*. viijrf. 
Item delyvered to the churchwardens for the mendinge of 
the pant, ixs. Item delyvered to georg cragg counstaple, 
ixi". iiijrf. Item paid to lohn thorp & thomas prentiss 
for skowringe the water surves {service) on the more, xijrf. 
Item paid to the hurd for makinge the dike on the more 
the tyme of winter when it was nedefull, ijs. viijrf. Item 
paid to thomas tompson for repayringe the mayden castell, 
iiijj*. xjflf. Item paid more to the hurd for mendinge certayn 
gapes in the more dike, iiijflf. Item paid for kepinge of 
the booke & wrytinge our account, xijrf. 
Some of the expences, xliji*. vjd. 

Remayninge to the new grasse men lohn taylor & 
Edward Wilkinson for this yere lolowinge, 1593, xxiiiji*. vjd. 
{erased). 

Resaved at this account of georg crag^ for ij kye, 
ijV. viijd. Resaved for Xpofor swinney, iiijs. Resaved 
of Andrew curro at this tyme ixd. in full payment of all 
his hole stent after xvjd. a cowe. 

The grass men lohn taylor & Edward Wilkinson 
Resaves at ther entre in money xxxji*. ijd, 

Resaved of Thomas cowlson for one cowe, xvjrf. 
Resaved of lohn tyerman for one cow, ij>. Resaved of 
Rowlan tompson for one horse, iiijj*. Resaved of Edward 
Wilkinson for ij kye, ijV. viijrf. Resaved of thomas baker 
for one horse, iiijj*. Resaved of george allan for one 
horse, iiijV. Resaved of lohn Anderson for one horse, 
ijj". viijrf. Resaved of Anthoney Ranaldson for one cow 
xvjrf. 

The some of the Receits Iji*. xd. 

The grassmen for this yeare 1592 Resaved at ther 
entrens in monie i — ij. 

Resaved of Thomas coulson for one cowe, oo-ii • 4. 
Resaved of lohn tyerman for on cowe, 0-2 — . Resaved 
of Rowland tompson for on horse, 00-4 — . Resaved 
of Edward wilkingeson for 2 kye, 00-2 — . Resaved of 
Thomas baker for one horse, 00-4 — . Resaved of georg 
allan for on horse, 00-4 — . Resaved of lohn Anderson 
for on horse, 00-2 — . Resaved of Anthoney Ranaldson 
for on cow, 00-i — . 

Expences laid furth for this yere 1593. 
Item paid to Thomas whitton for vi stoupes & settinge 
of them for the cattell to rubb on the common, vjd. Item 



1 8 grassmen's accounts. 

paid to lohn thorpe for mendinge of certayn porcions of 
dicke belonginge to some poor about the pant, vjd. Item 
more to lohn thorpe for mendinge the yeate on the more, 
ijd. Item paid for mendinge a band of the dore at the 
pant, ijd. Item paid for latt brodes bought at darnton 
for M^ heaith bawcus,^ xd. Item paid to thomas tompson 
for castinge of the car iij dayes & a halfe, xxjd. Item 
paid to lohn thorpe for such lyke, xxjd. Item paid to 
Rychard Robinson for two dayes, xijd. Item paid to 
thomas whitton for two dayes, xijd. Item paid to thomas 
Grame for one day, vjd. Item paid for a gallan of ale to 
the workmen, iiij^. Item paid to thomas whitton for 
makinge the hedge upon the ellessless, iiijrf. paid more to 
the said thomas for thornes to the same, iiijrf. Item paid to 
lohn thorp for makinge certayn places at the lower car for 
the cattell to dringe {drtnk)^ vjd. Item paid to thomas 
Mitchall for the building of Rychard morlan bawcus,^ xijs. 
Item paid to Robt. hudspeth for wryting our account & the 
booke kepinge, xijd. 

Some of the expences xxijs. viijd. 



' Mr. Heath's bakehouse ; i,e,, that of the lord of the manor, at which 
the tenants were required to bake their bread, as well as grind their com 
at his mill. Cf. Copy of Court Roll, a.d. 1600 (given below in this volume), in 
which Mergaret Smithe, tenant of a burgage in Gilligate, is bound ** molere 
granam suam ad molendinum domini, et pinsere panem suum ad Communem 
pistrinam domini." In a suit instituted in the year 1726 by John Tempest, 
then lord of the manor, against certain inhabitants for alleged trespass 
on the common and other infringements of his manorial rights, he asserted 
the obligation of freeholders as well as copyholders of the borough to use 
his bakehouse only, even to the exclusion of their right to bake their bread 
in their own houses. See below, p. 39. It would seem from the entry 
before us that the parishioners had to keep the lord's bakehouse in repair, 
as well as resort to it. In the Manor Court Book is found as follows : — 

** II Oct., 13th Car. I. Pain — That all who bake white bread within the 

parish shall bring it into the bakehouse between 6 & 7 in the forenoon & 
their household bread between 10 & 11 upon pain of 3^. ^d. each offender." 
The lord's bakehouse may be supposed to have been where a bakehouse 
existed till within living memory, viz., the last house on the North side 
of the street, where a lane, still called ** Bakehouse Lane," bounds the 
parish on the West ; the adjoining land being also designated as 
" Bakehouse Leazes" ; as in the following extract from the Manor Court 
Book, 3 Nov., II Car. I.: — <'Pain — That none shall misuse the Bake-house- 
Well or Bake-house-Leazes-Well upon pain of every one so offending — 6s, &/." 

^ This appears to have been a new bakehouse, distinct from 

Mr. Heath's manorial one, which has been already mentioned. It may be 

that such inhabitants as were not bound by their copyhold tenures to use the 

^ord's bakehouse only were now resolved to have one of their own, at which 

^ey could bake on their own terms. We find subsequently in 1610 (p. 39) a 

ecified rate of charges not to be exceeded by the '* backhouse-man." 



grassmen's accounts. 19 

New grass men chossen the Sunday next after the 
Assencion day^ in the yere of our lord 1594 william 
cornforth & thomas hewitson & they Resave in money 
at ther entre . 

Resaved of Robert connyngham for a cowe, wever, — 
xvjd. Resaved of Xpofor tompson laborer for two whyes, 
iiijV. Resaved of Rychard thompson sonne of william 
tompson sagerston {i.e., sexton) for thre gaits, iiijj. Resaved 
of Robert conyngham wever for one cowe, xvjrf. Resaved 
of lohn watson curaite* for thre gaits, vjs. Resaved of 
lohn tyers for a cow, ijs. Resaved of the said lohn 
tyers for A horse, iiijV. Resaved of the foresaid Robert 
coningham for a horse, ijs. viijd. Resaved of Rychard 
frissell the last end of his hole stent, iiij. Resaved of 
lohn smyth tanner the last end of his hole stent, iiij. 
Resaved of Rychard chilton, ijs. viijd. Resaved of lohn 
smyth challanwevers for two whyes, ijs. viijd. Resaved of 
lohn Anderson roper for a cow, xvj^. Resaved of William 
hilton for ij kye, ijs. viijd. Resaved of Thomas crame for a 
cow, ijs. viijd. Resaved of the foresaid william hilton for 
a horse, ijs. viijd. Resaved of A gentlewoman which is 
dwellinge in M^ Raphe conyars house which he dyd taike 
of lohn tyerman for a cow paid ijs. Resaved of Thomas 
cornforth challanwever for iiij^* gaits, vs. iiijrf. Resaved 
of Thomas marshall tanner the last end of his hole 

stent . Resaved of Xpofer shereton for the last end of 

his hole stent . Resaved of georg Cragg for ij gaits, 

ijs. viijd. 

Some of the Receits iiij/. 8s. 2d. 

Expences for this yeare 1594. 

Item paid to thomas crame for mendinge the more 
yeat, xijd. Item paid to Robt. cornforth for mendinge 
the same yeat, iiijrf. Item paid to georg Surtiss for bannds 
& other nedefull things to the dowre of the lower pant, vd. 
Item paid for the drissinge of the common armoure, xxd. 
Item paid to lohn Johnson for caryinge the railes to the 



' This was the usual day for choosing- the Grassmen for the year, 
the perambulation of boundaries having been, as at present, on Ascension 
Day. 

' Curate of the parish after the removal of William Murrey to Pittington ; 
called " Sir John Watson" in 1597. Cf, ** Mickleton MSS.," No. 32, p. 52 : — 
" Johes Watson [al. Sr John Lack-Latin] fuit Min. Can. Ao 1598." His title 
of ** Sir " associates him pleasantly in one's mind with Sliakespear's curates 
of the period ; while his nickname might well have suited some of them. 
For some further notice of him see under ** Extracts from Registers." 

3 See Glossary. 



20 grassmen's accounts. 

new yeat of the moure, vjrf. Item paid to thomas crame 
for upholdinge the more dicke for the hole yeare, iiijj-. 
Item paid to Robt. hudspeth for wrytinge our account, 
xijrf. Item paid to William homyll {Humble?) for makinge 
A new yeat to the more hym selfe & his sonne ij dayes 
xiiij^. a day, some, \]s, iiijrf. paid to georg allan for 
kepinge of the common armor, xvijrf. Item paid for a 
common purss to the grass men, ijrf. 
Some of the expences xij j. xrf. 

grass men chosen for this yeare followinge 1595, 
Thomas hudspeth & Andrew curray, and they Resave at 
ther entrance in money iij/.. xvj. iiijrf. 

Resaved of lohn pearson the yonger for two kye, 
ijV. viijrf. Resaved of lohn Johnson for a horse, \]s, viijrf. 
Resaved of Rychard tompson for A horse, ij>. viijrf. 
Resaved of William hilton for a cowe, xvjrf. Resaved 
of Rychard Chilton for two kye, \]s, viijrf. Resaved of 
lohn smyth challan weaver for a cowe, xvjrf. Xp'ofor 
Jarvice carpenter the first newincomer after the last order 
and haith paid acordinge to the same for one cowe, iiijj. 
Resaved of lohn homyll glover for one horse and two 
kye after the Raites of the same order, xviV. Resaved 
01 Thomas marshall laborer for two kye after the same 
raite & order, viijj. Resaved of Leonard whelden for 
one cowe, \]s, Resaved of James cowtman for one cowe, 
xvjrf. Resaved of Thomas hewitson for a cowe, xvjrf, 
Resaved of george tompson for two kye, \]s. viijrf. 
Resaved of lohn pearson the yonger for two kye, ij. viijrf. 
Resaved of Thomas Snawball for one cowe, xvjrf. Resaved 
of Ingram taylor for two kye his hole stent, ijj. viijrf. 
Resaved of Thomas marshall Laborer for two kye, viijj. 
Resaved of lohn homell glover for one cowe, iiijj. 
Resaved of lohn watson curate for two kye, iiijV. 
Resaved of Rychard chilton for one cow, xvjrf. 

The Some of all the Receaits is vijV. viijj*. 

A copie of A dereccion from the lord Lieftenantt to 
the Justices appointed for Esington warde concernyng the 
repayringe of the common armore in everie parishe. 1594. 

Wheras the right honorayble the lord Lieftenantt of 
thesse north p'ts haith bene informed that the common 
Armor in Esington warde is out of repaire and not so kept 
for hir ma^'cs service as yt ought to be for remedie wherof 
his lordship haith geven derection unto us to geve com- 
maundement unto yowe to se that the said armor be 
repaired and kept in^good case that therwith hir ma^'^ may 



GRASSMEN's accounts. 21 

be well and truHe served and your selves discharged yo^ 
bounden duties, wherfore for that Esington warde is in 
our division I have Apointed one Robt. heslopp to vewe 
all the Armore and what is a miss and not servicable that 
he shall dress repaire and amend the same yowe agreinge 
with hym for everie armore iijs. iiijrf, when they ar maid 
servicable And afterwards for kepinge the said armore in 
reparacion to pay hym for everie armore xijd. in the yere 
hereafter Thus much upon his lordships derection to us 
[we] will and charge yowe to se this our warrantt performed : 
geven under our hands and scales the iij*** of Sep- 
tember Anno Regni Elizabeth &c. xxxvj^e. 

Rychard belassis'^ 
Henry Anderson / 
Imprimis Resaved of M'^ heith of kepeyere iijj. iiijrf. 

Item Resaved for the far graunge xxrf. 

Item Resaved for Ramsyde xxd. 

Item Resaved for old durham xxd. 

Item Resaved for gelegaite xxd, 

wch p'teculer somes was paid for the dressinge of \ 
the thre common armore w^^ this parishe is charged I 
w^h to Robt. heslop appoynted by my 1. leifteannt l^^' 
& the lustices as his warrant doith here testefye. J 

[TTie above, which appears as a later page of the book as 
now bound up, is shown by its date to belong to this year iS94\' 

Expences for this yere 1595. 

Item paid to Rychard morlans man for the carage of a 
tre for a stoupe to the new yeatt, iiijrf. Item paide to 
william homyll for dressinge of yt & settinge of yt, xd. 

Item paid to the hurde for helpinge of hym the same day . 

Item paid to the counstaples for makinge a paire of new 
stocks to lohn hutcheson & Xpofor Jarvis, \\}s, ijrf. Item 
paid to Rychard Robinson for makinge the dicke of 
elleslese, vrf. Item paid to Rychard Robeson & his 

' Cf, (A.D. 1597), ** For dressing of the common Armar at the 
Commandement of Mr Richard Bellasses " (" Houghton-le-Spring* Vestry 
Book," Surtees Society, vol. Ixxxiv, p. 272). Richard Bellasis, of Morton 
House in the parish of Houghton, being a justice of the peace, was also a 
governor of Kepyer Grammar School in that parish with John Heath of 
Kepyer, who, together with Bernard Gilpin, Rector of Houehton, had 
founded it. The original governors were the two founders, Heath and 
Gilpin, with power to either of them to appoint successors. John Heath had 
apparently appointed Richard Bellasis after the death of Bernard Gilpin in 
1583. Henry Anderson, also a justice of the peace, originally of Newcastle, 
was the owner of Elemore and of Haswell Grange (the latter being in 
the parish of Easington), and lessee under the Chapter of Durham of 
Hallgarth Manor in the parish of Pittington, in succession to Christopher 
Morland, whose daughter and heiress he had married. 



22 GRASSMEN*S ACCOUNTS. 

daughter for gettinge of stones out of sherborne borne one 
day, ixd. Item paid to Thomas crames daughter for one 
day for such lyke, iiijrf. Item paid to Daniell hudspeth for 
one day & a halfe, vijrf. Item paid to the husbands of 
sherbourne for carrage of x foother of stones from ther borne 
to the cawcie,^ vjs. viijrf. Item in bread & drinke to the 
waynmen, viijrf. Item paid to Roger Ezeike (?) for an Iron 
bolt to the stocks, xd. Item paid to Rychard Robeson 
for mendinge the dicke on the more, viijrf. Item paid to 
Edward brantingham for rep'racion the more dicke, xxd. 
Item paid for dressinge the common armore belonginge 
to the parish, vjd. Item paid to Thomas Crame for 
makinge the hedge aboute the mayden castell, vid. Item 
paid to the counstaples for a sesment for the quenes 
affaires, vjs, viijd. paid to Thomas marshall counstaple for 
a sesment to the Salt peter man^ a penne of the pound, xd. 

* The paved way called the **ca\vcie" (or "causey"), for which we find 
stones again led in 1599, was probably from Gillsbngf (See above, p. 10, 
note 2) on the Sherburn road to the bottom of the upper declivity of Gilligate, 
still called ** Causeyfoot," for keeping which in repair one Margaret Hall in 
1622 left 30s. in her will (See ** Extracts from Registers "). 

^ Curious information about the *' saltpetre man " will be found in Notes 
and Queries, 1st Series, vii, 376, 433, 460. It appears that any soil 
impregnated with animal matter, such as that of stables, cow-houses, and 
dove-cots, was claimed by the Crown with a view to home production of 
saltpetre, to be used in making gunpowder ; and the Government Official for 
this purpose was called the Saltpetre man. In a proclamation of Charles I 
(1625), **for the maintaining and increasing of the saltpetre mines of 
England for the necessary and important manufacture of gunpowder," it is 
set forth " that our realm yields sufficient mines of saltpetre without 
depending on foreign parts. Wherefore for the future no dovehouse shall 
be paved with stones bricks nor boards, lime sand nor gravel, nor 
anything whereby the growth and increase of the mine of saltpetre may be 
hindered or impaired, but the proprietors shall suffer the ground or floors 
thereof, as also all stables where horses stand, to lie open with good and 
mellow earth, apt to breed increase of the said mine. And that none deny 
or hinder any saltpetre man, lawfully deputed thereto, from digging taking 
or working any ground which by commission may be taken & wrought for 
saltpetre, &c." Another proclamation in 1627 (with reference to a patent 
that had been granted to Sir John Brooke and Thomas Russel for making 
saltpetre by a new invention) gives them power to collect the animal fluids, 
which were to be preserved by families for this purpose, once in 24 hours 
in Summer, and once in 48 in Winter. It seems that the saltpetre-men were 
apt to abuse their powers : for Lord Coke, in a '* Speech & Charge with a 
Discourse of the Abuses & Corruptions of Officers" (8vo, London, 
N. Rutter, 1607), says, *' There is also a Saltpetre man, whose commission 
is not to break up any man's house or ground without leave ; and not 
to deale with any house but such as is unused for any necessarie employment 
by the owners, &c., and not to digge in any place without leaving it smooth 
& level, in such case as he found it. This Saltpetre man under shew of his 
authoritie will make plaine & simple people beleeve that he will without 
their ^eave break up the floore of their dwelling house, unless they will 
compound with him for the contrary, &c." Further, in 1656 an Act was 
^ssed forbidding the saltpetre makers to dig in houses without leave of the 



grassmen's accounts. 23 

Item paid to the counstaples for another sesment of a penne 
of the pound for the kepinge of A sluhound,' xrf. paid to 
Edward brantingham for repairinge the dicke of the more, 
xxrf. Item paid for wrytinge our account & the booke 
kepinge, xijrf. 

Some of the receats - - xxixj, iijrf. 

paid fourth in expences — iijs. iiijrf. 

Some of the hole expences — xxxijj. vijd. 

Some declara to the hands of the new grass men lohn 
smyth and lohn trype which they resave at ther entrance 
for this yere 1596. 

Resaved of Edward cornfourth Ropper for two 
kye, ijs. viijd. more Resaved of the forsaid Edward 
cornfurth for other two gaits, ij. viijd. Resaved of Robart 
conningham wever for one cowe, xvjd. Resaved of 
Xp'ofor Jarvis carpinter for a cowe, iii)s. Resaved of lohn 
wilson Sonne of Raphe wilson Rop' (roper) for his hole 
stent, viijs, Resaved of lohn whitfeild for two kye smyth 
of sherborne house, viijV. Resaved of Thomas cowlson 
cooke the last ende of his hole stent, ixd. Resaved of 
Robart cowlson for one gate, xvjd. Resaved of george 
tompson for one gaite, xv)d. Resaved of Leonard whelpton 
for one gaite, ijs. Resaved of Thomas carnfourth challan 
weaver for two gaits, ijs. viijd. which is the last of his 
hole stent. 

Some of the Receats is 7/. gs. gd. 

Some of the receats vijl. ijs. gd, 

Expences for this yere, 1596. 

Item paid to Rychard Robinson for up holdinge the 
Dicke of the more for one halfe yere, iji". Item paid to 
Thomas marshall and lohn howell counstaples for a 
sesment concernynge the day of truce (?) the xvij day of 
august 1596, vjs. ob.2 Item paid to Rychard Robeson 
for mendinge of certayne capes {gaps ?) on the ellesslease, 
iiijrf. Item more paid to the foresaid Rychard for the same 



owner. The '* Sesment to the salt peter man " in the text may have been 
for the purpose of a composition with him as intimated by Lord Coke. 

' The keeping of a sleuth-hound for hunting culprits, the previous 
provision for a ** watch," and the number of prisoners conveyed to various 
places about this time, appear significant of a state of insecurity, from 
social or political causes, at this period of Elizabeth's reign. 

' In this year (1596) a treaty was concluded between Elizabeth, 
Henry IV of France, and the States against Philip after the taking of 
Calais by the latter, which was followed by the expe^dition to Cadiz (See 
Lingard, vol. vi, p. 273). This may be the ** truce " alhided to. 



34 grassmen's accounts. 

Rec^ of Rychard carr for a horse gait, viijj. Rec** of 
Xp'ofer Jarvis for a cowe gait, 5 paid for, iiijj. Rec** of 
henry Arrasmyth for xxviij fother of whines ijrf. a fother the 
hole, iiijj. viijd. Rec^ of lohn orde for A horse gait, 5 
paid for, viijj. Rec^ of Xp*ofor Bowlmer for iiij^r gaits on 
the common the last payment of his hole stent, viijs. 
Some ix/. viiji*. ijrf. 

Expences laid forth for this yeare 1607. 

Item paid to wedowe hodshon, vjs. Item p to william 
Kent for upholdinge y« moore dicke, iiijj*. Item p to 
Rychard cornforth for a lode of hay to the bull, price 
xvijj. iiijd. Item p for A bull that was bought, xljs. Item 
p for scowringe y« lowe carr to Kent & browne, xijrf. 
Item p for a stobb & settinge of y^ at the more yeat, viijrf. 
Item p for mendinge of pittington lonyng end & for 
settinge a stobe at y^ yeat & mendinge y« maden castle 
dicke, xijd. Item p to wedowe alderley for standinge of y« 
bull hay, xijrf. Item p to georg browne for scowringe gills 
brigg letche, viijd. Item p to y« hurde for kepinge & 
hantinge y^ bull to y^ common, iiijrf. Item p for wrytinge 
this our account, iji*. It. p to william Kent for servinge 
the bull y^ foreend of winter, xijd. 

Some of the expences is iij/. xvjj-. 

Some declara v/. xijs, ijd. 

Newe grass men chosen the viij*^ day of may for this 
yeare 1608 Robt. heighington & Rychard carnforth and 
they have resaved for the use of the parishe v/. xvs. viijd. 

Item Rec^ of Sander litle for one gait of y« common, 
iijs. vjd. the other vjrf. rebayted by y« consent of the parishe. 
Item Rec^ of Nycholas newbie for a bull that he bought, xls. 
Item rec^ of william dawson for a bull that he bought, xls. 
Item rec^ of Robert baker for thre gaits on y^ common, xijs. 
Item rec^ of M^ watson for hay that was sould, vs. Item 
rec^ of Silvester maugham for vj gaits on y^ common, 
xxiiijV. Item rec*^ of Thomas wan for one gait on y« 
common, ijs. Item rec^ of M»" Robt. Selbie for thre gaits 
on ye common, xijs. 

Some of Receyts xij/. xiiijj-. ijrf. 

Expences. 

Item p to Edward hall for a sesment which he laid out 
for the parishe, vs. Item p for a warran to hym, xijd. 
Item p to wedowe hodshon, vjd. Item p to Edward harle 
for his horse to newcastell, xijd. Item p to William 



grassmen's accounts. 35 

Newton for such lyke, xijd. Item p to Cuthbert cornforth 
& lohn burdus for ther chargs for the servinge of y® same 
warran, xviijd. Item p to Cuthbert cornforth for his horse 
to eaghton (Heighington ?) with a prisoner, xd. Item p to 
Robt. hudspeth for making two presentments maid to the 
counstaples for y^ last yere, vjd. Item p to y^ counstaples 
for dressinge y« common armor, xd. Item p for 
mendinge of pittington yeat & the maidin castell, vijd. 
Item p for mendinge the more dicke one dayes worke, vjrf. 
Item p for scowringe the gills brige letche, ijs. iijd. Item 
p for upholdinge the more dicke y^ last somer, xijd. 
Item p for scowringe the doocke poole to george browne, 
ijs. iiijd. Item p to nycholas sparke for upholdinge the 
dickes of elles leases & other places belonginge to the 
common, ijs. vjd. Item p to Rychard wanles & Andrew 
currey for them and ther horsses to Chester with ij prisoners, 
xijd. Item p for one that stood with the bull in y© markett 
on S^ Cuthbert day, iiijrf. Item p to Robt. hudspeth for 
making a bill of all ye naymes in the parishe concernynge 
a generall muster, iiijrf. Item p to william Kent for straw 
& thaekinge y® bull howse, xvjd. Item p william Kent 
for scowringe certayn roodes of y^ more dicke & makinge 
all the dicke sufficient, iiijV. Item more for a stile to y® 
said dicke, iiijd. Item p to Nycholas sparke for scowringe 
y« maiden castell dicke, xijd. Item given to Nycholas 
newbie agayn concernynge the bull that was sould, iiijrf. 
Item paid to Thomas yong of wharington {Quarrington) 
for a bull that was bought, x\s. Item p to the hurd for 
fetchinge home y* said bull & for hantinge hym to the 
common, vijrf. Item p to sparke for mendinge pittington 
yeat, iijd. Item p to the counstaples for articles that they 
resaved of the Justices, xiiijrf. Item p for a locke to the 
bull howse, vijrf. Item p to peter baker for servinge the 
bull, xijd. Item p to Rychard chilton for dressinge y^ maden 
castell, xiiij^. Item p to sparke for mendinge pittington 
yeat, wjd. Item p to lohn Robson counstaple, vjd. Item 
given agayn to william dawson for y^ bull, iiijrf. Item p 
to M^ wanles for one fother of hajr to y® bull, xxs. Item p to 
the wainmen for ther drinke, iiijrf. Item p for bearinge in 
of yt, iiijrf. Item p for wrytinge this our account, ijs. 

expences v/. iiijj. \iijd. 

So remaynes declara vijV. ixs. wjd. 

Newe gras men chosen the sounday next after the 
Assencion day beinge the 28 day of maii 1609 Thomas 



36 grassmen's accounts. 

marshall & Cuthbert cornforth & they have rec<^ for the use 
of the parishe, vij/. ixj". vjrf. 

The accompt of the foresaid Gras men as followeth. 
Item Rec«^ of the parishe everie cowe ijd. for bull hay, xijj. 
viijrf. Item Rec^ of George hubbucke for two gaits on ye 
common, viijs. Item Rec*^ of Launce Wilkinson for one 
gait, iiijs. Item Rec of lohn Greme for two gaits, viiijj-. 
Item Rec of lohn colson carpinter for two gaits, ijs. viijrf. 
Item Rec of George Rowell for one gait, v paid for, iiijV. 

Some totall ix/. viijs. xd. 

expences. 

Item p to Annas hodshon, vjj'. Item p for a purse to 
ye gras men, ijrf. Item p to George browne for mendinge 
ye moore dicke, vjd. Item p for a common bull at darnton, 
xliiijj. viijrf. Item p for my horse & my chargs for 
bringinge home of the bull the same tyme, xviijrf. Item 
p to George browne for scowringe ye letche at gills brigg, 
xxjd. Item p for a fother of hay to Robt. marshall for the 
bull, xvs. vjd. Item p for bearinge the said hay home 
gettinge y^ in to ye howse, xvjd. Item geven to the coun- 
staples to pay for the common armore, vjd. Item p for 
hantinge the bull to the more to the hurde, ijd. Item p for 
the Fogg more than we dyd resave of ye parishe, xviijrf. 
Item p to George browne for servinge ye bull the tyme of 
winter, xxd. Item p to william Kent for scowringe and 
upholdinge ye more dicke, iiijj. Item p to ye pyper for 
plainge to the more when yt was dressed, iiijrf.^ Item p to 
lohn grene for mendinge ellessleise dicke, vjd. Item p to 
Thomas cornforth for one dossen stone of hay to ye bull, 
ijs. vjd. Item p to william Kent for scowringe dickinge & 
dressinge ye mayden castell, xxd. Item p for mendinge 
pittington yett & mendinge the dicke, vjd. Item p for 
wrytinge the statute for the hyewayes anewe, xijd. Item 
p for wrytinge this our account, ijs. Item p to Raphe 
pendreth yonger for A sesment for the Reparinge of 
witton on weare bridge, xxd. Item p for arreaste & entry 



' This is the first reference to the custom of calling* out the inhabitants 
once a year to join in ** dressing "or ** scaling " or " moulding " the moor, 
to which frequent allusions appear afterwards. Those who ** scaled," i,e,, 
scattered the deposits of the cattle, &c., were called the ** mouders." They 
appear to have been summoned by music, and regaled with " drinks." The 
<' pyper" here may have served, not only to summon them, but also to 
cheer them in their work. Cf», below (a.d. 1674) : — " To Georee Pearson 
for playing to the mouders," and (a.d. 1695) " For playinge to the mouders 
when they mouded the moore." 



grassmen's accounts. 37 

of lohn greene, iijrf. Item p for iiij horsses to fishborne 
with a prisoner, ijs. 

Some total! iiijV. xjs. viijrf. 

Newe Grass men chosen for this yere followinge 1610 
George Taylor glover and Thomas snawball and they have 
Resaved for the use of the parishe at the accounts of y« 
old gras men, 4/. js. 2d. 

It ys agreed by the parishe at this account that 
Nycholas sparke shall have one gait Allowed on the 
common for and in consederacion of his duetefull service 
& paynes takinge in lokinge well to the common beinge 
appoynted punder upon his well doinge yf not yt must 
not be allowed yf he be slowthfull and negligent to looke 
to y« more & common As well in winter as sommer for the 
more saiftie of y« said more especially in winter for shepe 
& other cattell beinge not of this parishe. 

The accoumpt of the foresaid grasse men for the last 
yere as Followeth. 

Item Resaved of the hole parishe everie cowe ijd. for 
bull hay the hole some, xiijs. iiijd. Item Rec^ for the bull 
that was sould, xlvjV. vjrf. Item which was saved by the 
bull that was bought, xviijrf. Item Rec^ of George 
hubbucke for three gaits on the common, xijs. Item rec^ of 
John harryson fuller for three gaits, xijj. Item rec^ of 
xp'ofer symson Tanner for two gaits, iiijj. Item Rec^ of 
James sutton for two gaits on the common, ijs. viijd. Item 
Rec** of Rob'te baker the last payment of his stent, viijs. 
Item Rec*^ of Thomas ludworth for iiij'^ gaits on y^ 
common, xvjs. Item Rec^ of Thomas wanne for one gait, 
ijj. Item Rec^ of Nycholas sparke for one gait, iiij.y. Item 
Rec^ of Rychard Martyn for two gaits on the common, 
ijs. viijd. Item Rec^ of George Rowell for his hole stent, 
iiijj. Item Rec^ of the hole parishe for the new dicke,^ 
xxxxiijj. vjd. 

Some vij/. xviijV. viijd. 

Some of the Receyts ys xiij/. iiijj. iiijrf. 

expences. 

Item p to Robt heighington for charges of the courte, 
xxiij^. Item p to wedowe hodshon v]s. Item p to william 
newton for his horse to carrie a prisoner iiijrf. Item paid 
for the bull that was bought, xlvs. Item p for mendinge 



' A new dike round the Moor for its protection appears to have become 
necessary. See above, p. 9, note 3. The cost of the work will appear 
below. 



38 grassmen's accounts. 

the dicke in vij acares to wilHam kempt, lijrf. Item p for 
hantinge the bull to the common, iijrf. Item p for sekinge 
the bull when he was strayd away, iiijrf. Item p for 
dressinge the armore dew to this parishe, vjd. Item p to 
george browen for castinge a gutter at the bull howse, iiijrf. 
Item p to Edward hall for the releife of lohn Atcheson in 
the tyme of the vicitacion,^ vjs. iiijrf. Item p to geor^^e 
browen for servinge y^ bull all y^ tyme of winter, ijs. 
Item p to William Kent for upholdinge the more dicke the 
hole yere, iiijj". Item p to N sparke & Thomas ludworth 
for ther mendinge the far more gait, iiijrf. Item p to G 
browne for two Railes to mend the bull stall, iijd. Item 
p to hym more for ij burthen of Rise* to lay under the 
hay, iijrf. Item p for ij spikings to the bull howse, jrf. 
Item p to xp'ofor Jarvis for one dayes worke at the bull 
howse, xd. Item p for hay to the bull to lohn Tripp, xixs. 
Item p for winnynge & driynge of the said hay, xijd. 
Item p for carage home of the said hay, ij^. Item p for 
drinke & bread to the waynmen, iiijrf. Item p for Rakinge 
after the wayn & gettinge in of yt to y^ bull howse, xd. 
Item p to Thomas ludworth for mendinge the far more 
gait, ijrf. 

Expences for the new dicke as Followeth. 

Item first p to certayne workmen for castinge the 
dicke, xs. Item p to Cuthbert cornforth for wood to the 
gaits, ixs. vjd. Item p to Thomas snawball for wood, ijj. 
Item p to lohn colson for two peaces of wood, xijd. Item 
p to lohn Burdus for certayn peaces of wood, xvjrf. Item 
p to lohn colson for wood to maike ij capes for the yeats, 
vjrf. Item p for hupes & ij pickes to y^ said gaits of 
Iron, xxj^. Item p to certayn workmen for breardinges 
the dicke, xs. Item p to ij wrights iiij^^ days xjd. sl day 
the hole some, viji*. iiijrf. Item p to Rychard chilton for 
one peace of wood, ixd. Item p to Thomas snawball for 
ij peaces of wood, xvjd. Item p to Thomas snawball for j 
stoupe & a raile, iiijrf. Item p to Kent his sonne & 
N sparke for ij dayes worke, iijs. Item p to Cuthbert dent 
for one days worke, vjrf. Item p to George Rowell for 
one days worke and a halfe, xd. Item p to N sparke for 
one dayes worke about the yeats, vjd. Item p to Rychard 
cornforth for lokinge to the common, ijj. vjd. Item p to 
Thomas Casick for nayles, jd. Item p to xp'ofer Thomson 
for a litle Jobb mendinge about the gait, jd. 

* I,e,, The plague, which is usually so referred to. 

' /,e», Brushwood. See Glossary. ^ See Glossary. 



GRASSMEN*S ACCOUNTS. 39 

Expences for y^ bull hay. 

Item p to Thomas snowball for vj dossen stone of hay 
to ye bull ij>. a stone the hole xijs. Item p to Rob'te 
heighington for a rope to hould fast ij stoupes in the bull 
howse, iijrf. Item p to Rob'te hudspeth for wrytinge this 
our accompt, ijs. Item p for our fower dinners & our 
clarke, ijs. vjrf. Item p to Nycholas sparke for mendinge 
certayn gapes in Ellesleise, vjrf. Item p to Edward 
cornforth & to Cuthbert cornforth for ther horsses to gaitside 
{Gateshead) to bring prisoners from newcastell, ijV. 

expences ys viijV. iiijj. xjrf. 

Some declara iiij/. xix^. vrf. 

TTie following appears on a later page of the book as now 
bound up : — 

The 29 dayeof Aprill 1610.^ 

M<^ it is consented and agreed the daye and yere 
abovesaid by the assent and consent of the 24^'« of the 
parishe of S^ Geles that the Backhouse man that is Silvester 
maugham shall have the whinnes growing on the common 
more belonginge to S' Giles parishe for this yere next 
cominge for iiijj. ijrf. rent to cutt and take the said whinnes 
for the said yere at the appoyntment of the Churchwardens 
of S' Giles chosen in the said parishe for the said yere 
followinge for so manie as he shall nead to the same back- 
house for one whole yere, and none to be sold by the said 
Silvester to any other. provided that the said Silvester 
maugham shall without any pennie receyveing bake to 
everie housholder three pyes or three Caks on the sabothe 
daye that is everie sabothe daye throughe the yere free, 
except Easter sondaye Whit soandaye and Christmas 
daye, and the housholders to paye for thes three feastes & 
dayes to the backhouse man as hathe bene usually payd, 
and also everie housholder shall paye to the said Backhouse 
man for the bakinge of spyce Cakes for there owen house 
for five cakes one half pennie, tenn A pennie, and so furthe 
as they are in number, and for the said spice Cakes to paye 
to the said bakhouse man for everie threteene Cakes one 
Cake* and no more, and the backhouse man not to demand 
any further thenn is heer sett dowen. 

The new Grasse men chosen for this yere followinge 
161 1 humphray garrie & Robt. colson And they have 
Resaved at this account of the old Grasse men the some of 
iiij/. xixj". vrf. 

' See above, p. 18, note 2, and p. 31, note i, with reference to the 
vestry order which follows. 

' Cake is written above penny erased. A ** baker's dozen." 



40 GRASSMEN*S ACCOUNTS. 

The accompt of Item Rec*^ of wedowe Foster con- 

. the said Grasse men cemynge y« new dicke, xijrf. Rec** of 

24 ?iy o/Ma7i6i2*!^ Thomas Trewett servant to lohn Booth 

for two kye gaits on the common, viijV. 
Item Rec^ for the bull that was sould to william dawson, 
xlviijj. Rec*^ of the parishe for bull hay everie cowe ijrf., 
the hole, xijs. ijd. Rec^ for fogg of pellow leases^ everie 
cowe vjd.y the hole xxxijj. Rec^ for iogg in brode close^ 
everie cowe vjrf., the hole xxviijj. Rec^ of lohn colson 
carpinter for one gait, xvjrf. Rec^ of Nycholas sparke for 
one cowe gait, iiijs. Resaved of James sutton for a horse 
gait, ijs. viijd. Rec^ of Thomas dawson for iij^^ gaits, 
iiiji-. Rec^ of Rychard martyn for one gait, xvjd. Rec^ 
of Anthoney duckett for iiij^^ gaits on y^ common, xvjs. 
Rec^ of lohn brantingham for one gait, ijs. 
Some totall xij/. xviijV. xvd. 

Expences for the last yere 161 1, 

Item p to wedowe hodshon, vjV, Item p to Rychard 
Tripp for ij sakes of cooles to lohn atcheson, viijrf. Item 
p to william Kent and Rychard Tripp for one dayes worke 
at the lower carr, xijrf. Item p to Edward hall Bailiffe for 
an old Sesment behynd unpaid for Reparinge of Briges, 
vs. Item p to lohn colson carpinter for mendinge of 
pittington yeat & Sherebourne yeat, xxd. Item p to william 
stobbs for servinge at that tyme, iijd. Item p to william 
Kent & Rychard Tripp for scowringe the lower carr, xijd. 
Item p to william Kent for mendinge the moore yeat, iiijrf. 
Item p to Nycholas sparke for up holdinge of Ellesse leise 
dicke, ijj". Item p to lohn frissell for mendinge of y« Railes 
in pellow leise chare, iiijrf. Item p to Rychard glover for 
ij Thrave of straw to y« bull howse xijd. Item p to william 
Kent lainge on the said straw, xijd. Item p to George 

' Pellowleases. The enclosed fields on the South of the street, between 
it and the river, are so designated. These, with others, were called Town 
fields, being subject to commonage during the winter months : — '' Whereas 
there are within the Manor of Gilligate and Parish of St. Giles certain 
Town fields or enclosed lands, which are subject to Commonage thereon, 
calld * Right of Intercommon,' from 15 Sept. in each year to 31 March 
in the year following" (Act for Enclosure of Gilligate Moor, 1816), It 
appears that the fog, as well as the hay, of these nelds, till the right of 
Intercommon began in September, belonged to their *' owners," and had 
to be paid for, if used for pasturage. It will be seen among the ** Expenses" 
of this year that the Grassmen paid the ''oweners" 33;. ^d, for the use 
of Pellowleases fog, and 305. 6d, for that of *' Broad Close," which was 
also apparently a Town field, being on the North side of the Rainton road 
above the top of the street. 

' See last note. 



GRASSMEN*S ACCOUNTS. 4 1 

Tayler Tanner Counstapple for a sesment for the house of 
correction, I vs. Item p to the counstaple for dressinge the 

common armore belonginge to the parishe, . Item p 

to Rychard chilton for dressinge the maiden castell within 

& without . Item p to lohn Creme for mendinge of 

pittington yeat & scowringe the dicke, xd. Item p to lohn 
grene for puttinge on a hupe & mendinge sherborne yeat, 
vjd. Item p to M"" lohn heath the elder for brigges, vs. 
Item p to George cragg for bull hay, xxijs. vjd. Item p for 
the carage of the same home & drinke to y^ wainmen, xijd. 
Item p for gettinge in of the said hay, vjd. Item p to 
William Kent for upholdinge the more dicke & scowringe 
so many Roodes of y« said dicke, iiijj. Item p to william 
Kent for servinge the bull y^ tyme of winter, ijs. Item p 
to Thomas cornrorth for one dossen of hay to the bull, n]s. 
Item p to Rob'te Baker for halfe A dossen xviijd. Item p 
for the bull that was bought, xxxixj. Item p for poundlawes* 
for the bull to lohn Booth, vjd. Item p to Cuthbert 
cornforth for his horse to darnton to buy the same bull, 
xvjd. Item p for my charges & the horse, xd. Item p to 
Thomas baker for mendinge the dicke at the lowe end of vij 
acres,3 vjd. Item p to the oweners of the fogg in pellow 
leise, xxxiijj. /\d. Item p to the oweners of brod close fogg, 
xxxs. vjd. Item p for wrytinge this our accoumpt, ijs. 
Item p for charges of the corte at the sute of lohn Tripp, 
vijd. 

Expences viijV. xixs. ijd. 

Some declara iiijV. jd. 

On a later page of book is found as follows : — 
The iij^^ day of may A^ 1611. Resaved of the hole 
parishe concernynge the new dicke & the yeats everie 
horse iiijrf. & everie cowe \jd. as Followeth. After this 
there is a list of 6g names with the sums contributed by each 
person named, varying from ijd. to xijd. ; and at the end, 
some xxxviijV. vjd. 

\So far all entries have been transcribed in full, as they 
appear in the original Grassmen's accounts. Henceforth, 
for the sake of brevity, many which recur regularly every 
year will be alluded to only. The headings also of each 
yearns accounts, except in case of any peculiarity, will be 



' For reference to 7 Jac. i, c. 4 (a.d. 1610), for establishment of Houses 
of Correction, see Surtees Society's Publications, vol. Ixxxiv, p. 82. 

' See Glossary. 

3 Qne of the enclosed fields of Pellowleases. 



42 grassmen's accounts. 

curtailed, and such phrases as " Item received," or " Item 
paid," before each entry suppressed]^ 

Grossmen for 1612, Edward cornforth & Rychard 
cornforth. Resaved of the old grasmen, the 24th day of 
May, iij/. \s. ixd. 

Accounte maid the xvj^^ day of May 161 3. 

Item Rec^ of the hole parish everie cowe ijd, for bull 
hay, the hole, xiiijj*. Of Rychard hunter for the bull that 
was bought to Thomas snawden, xxxjj. vjd. Of the parishe 
everie cowe vjd, ob, for the fogg in brodeclose which some 
ys in the hole xxixj, vijrf. For pellowleese fogg everie 
cowe vjrf., xxviijj. vjrf. Of Rychard hunter for the branded 
bull, xxxixj. vjrf. 

[Payments received, as u^ual, for cow and horse gaits, 
amounting to jQi os. 8d.\ 

Item yt ys allowed by the parishe at this account that 
lohn helcott shall be free on the common for \}s. a cowe 
gaite and so haith paid for ij gaits iiiji*. 

Expences. 

Item p to lohn Tripp for fogg in brode close for the last 
yere 161 2. To wedowe hodshon, vjj. To lohn garrie for 
his horse to ferrie hill with a prisoner, vjrf. To lohn grene 
for scowringe gillsbrige letche, w}d. To Xp'ofer boolmer 
and George Rowell for ther horsses to Ferrie hill, xijrf. 
For a quaire of paper for the use of the parishe, iiijrf. 
For scowringe of the lower carr, xviijrf. For nayles, jrf. 
For a hupe to the more yeat, \]d. To lohn Frissell & 
Rychard Tripp for settinge the Railes in pellowlease chare, 
iijrf. To Rychard Tripp for settinge Railes at the layne 
ende next to lohn colsons, iiijrf. To lohn grene & 
Rychard Tripp for makinge up of Elleslease dicke, x\]d. 
To lohn Frissell for wrytinge some busines for the use of 
the parishe, ijj. vjrf. To George cragg counstaple for a 
Sessment, xrf. For dressinge the common armore, xviijrf. 
To nycholas Barrey for his worke doyn of y« pickes, vijrf. 
To the new counstaples xp'ofor sympson & John harryson 
ijj. viijrf. To M*" Barnes for articles, xijrf. For thre 
burthen of ryse to lay under y® bull hay, iiijrf. For ij 
thrave of straw to y« bull howse for carrage home of yt 
drawinge of yt & thiekinge of yt, \]s. vjd. To Thomas 
snawden for a bull, xxxvs. To william Kent for servinge 
the bull ye tj^me of winter, ijs. More for a saile" to the bull, 
ijd. For vj stone of hay to y^ bull, xiiijd. To william 

' See Glossary. 



grassmen's accounts. 43 

Kent for dressinge the maden castell & mendinge the 
hedge about yt, xijrf. For the bull bought at darnton & for 
my charges and my horse, xls. For a fother of hay to y® 
bull & charges to the waynmen & gettinge in of yt, xxs. iiijrf. 
For wrytin^e this our account, ijV. To George cragg 
counstable for a sesment, xxd. For the Fogg in brode 
close & Anthoney duccotts close, xxxjs. For the Fogg in 
pellowleise, xxviijV. iiijrf. For the sute of humphray garrie, 
iiijrf. More then the fogg cam to in brod close, xvijrf. 

[Olher entries, as usual, for upholding the moor dike, 
making up gaps in dikes, m^ending gates, <&^c.] 

Expences xL vs. iiijflf. 

The hole some declara dew to the parishe, xxxixj. ijd, 

Md that at the Receyt of this account the two coun- 
staples xp'ofer sympson Tanner & lohn harryson fuller 
have Receyved these parsells followinge thre lynyngs of 
stell capes edged with Reed ij sortts girdles (sword girdles) 
iij daggers & ij swords thre pickes & thre full common 
Armore & thre head peaces j old pece. i6 May, 1613. 

Grasse men for 161 3, George Tayler Tanner & lohn 
Claxton. Resaved of the oulde grasse men the xvjth day 
of may, xxxixj. ijd. Item Rec^ of the hole parishe everie 
cowe ijd. for bull hay, xiijj. vjd. For the fogg of brode 
close everie cowe vjd. ob. to y« number of Iv gaits the hole ys 
xxxj-. For the fogg of pellowlease everie cowe vjrf. ob. 
Ivj gaits the hole ys xxxj. ijrf. 

\As usual, for gaits on the common, amounting to 
£2 2S. 8d.\ 

Some of the hole Receyts ys vijV. xvs. vjd. 

Expences for this yere 16 13. 

Item paid to wedow hodshon, vjs. To xp'ofor symson 
counstaple for A Sesment iiijflf. of the pound, iijs. iiij^f. 
To Rychard skirfeild for a fother of hay to the bull, xvjs. 
For the carrage home of yt, xijd. For gettinge of yt in to 
ye house, iiijrf. To george browne for settinge y^ yeat in 
brode close, vjd. To william Kent for Reparinge y^ 
mayden castell, xvjd. To dame Wilbie for thre stoupes 
& thre Railes set at the baccos layn,^ vjd. To xp'ofor 



' Bakehouse-lane (still so called) was the Western boundary of the 
parish on the North side of the street. See above, p. i8, note i. 
The railing of various lanes at this time — Cf, above, ** Railed in 
Pellowlease chare," and " at the layne ende " — may possibly have been with 
the view of letting such lanes as were grassy for pasture, as we find done in 
subsequent years. 



44 GRASSMEN*S ACCOUNTS. 

symson for A sesment jd. of y^ pound, xd. For ij dossen 
of hay to the bull, iiijj. To the counstaples for a sesment 
jd. of the pound for captayn hodshon, xd. To william 
Kent for a saile to the bull, jd. For dressinge y« common 
Armore belonginge to us, vjd. To the oweners of the 
fogg in pellowleise, xxixj. More than the fogg cam to, 
xviijflf. To Rob'te hudspeth for wrytinge this our 
accoumpt . 

[Other payments for mending dikes ^ gates ^ and the 
like]. 

Some of the expences ys v/. ixs. n]d. 

The hole some dew to the parishe ys xlvjj. iijrf. 

Grasse men for 1614, lohn burdus & lohn smyth 
weaver. • Resaved of the ould gras men, June v^^, 
xlvjj. iijflf. 

The accounte of the said grasmen maid the 21 of May. 

Rec«^ for the bull that was sould to Robte peacoke, 
price iij/. iijj. iiijrf. 

1 Receipts, as usttal, for gaits on commxm and in 

Some of the hole receyts ys xij7. \xs. jd. 

Expences for 1614. 

To wedowe hodshon, yjj. To Thomas cornforth 
for caryinge a prisoner to Chester, xviijrf. For shewinge 
the common armore on shinklife more, iijs. For one 
thrave of spartes^ to the bull house & for lainge on of them, 
vijflf. To the counstaples for articles, xijrf. To the 
counstaples for a sesment, xxd. To william Kent for 
skowringe giles bridge letche, iiijrf. For one fother of 
hay bought of M*" wanles & y^ carrage home, xxs. To 
Thomas cornforth for the armore shewinge on the place 
grene & for dressinge of yt, ijj. To Rychard martyn for 
the armore sealinge, xijrf. To Rychard tripps manghe* 
for halfe a dayes worke at y^ more dicke, iijrf. For a saile 
to the bull, jflf. For wrytinge this our accounpte, ijs. 

[Payments also for mending dike and gates, and to 
owners of fog in Erode close and Pellowlease close, 
and for serving the bull]. 



' See Glossary. 

' A word probably equivalent to meyne (as in Chaucer), or meiny (as in 
Bailey's Dictionary), meaning a company or family of household servants. 
Cfy Surtees Society's Publications (1845), cccxxxviii, in Will of John 
Wood, of Eldon, A.D. 1587, '* I will command my meneyi that they be g'ood 
to the," where, in another deposition, instead of this word, " folkes " is 
used. 



grassmen's accounts. 45 

Some of the expences, v/. iiijc?. 

So Remaynes of this accoumpte viijV. iiijj. ixd. 

Taken out of this account to george Tayler for that he 
paid for Cuthbert prentice at the last account, xvjflf., and 
iiijfi?. given backe in y^ price of the bull, iiijd. 

deducted out of this account not paid by Cuthbert 
comynge for iiij^r gaits, xvjflf. 

The 21 day of may. Grass men for 1615, Rob'te 
heighington & xp'ofor symson. Rec«^ vij/. vijj. jd. The 
account of the said grass men for ther yere maid the xij'*» 
day of May, 1616. 

Item Reed for the bull which was sould, xlviijV. 

[Receipts, as ustial, for gaits or stents and for fog in 
Erode close and Pellowleases close]. 

Some of the hole receyts, xv/. xviijj. vijrf. 

Expences for 161 5. 

Item p to wedowe hodshon, vjj. For A bull, liijj. iiijrf. 
To the hurde for hantinge hym to y« common, \]d. To 
wedowe wilbie for hir Releife in tyme of hir siknes, xijrf. 
To Raiphe symson for iiijo^ thrave of strawe to the bull 
house, ijj. viijrf. To Rob'te bambrough for y^ carradge 
home of yt & for watringe of yt, xrf. To the counstaples 
lohn smyth & lohn burdus for a sesment for bridges xijrf. 
on ye pound, xj*. To thre men for cariinge the thre common 
armors to vew upon shinklifTe more the xx^^ day of 
September, iijV. vjcf. For makinge a peace of dicke at ye 
lower end of vij acars belongyng to the parishe, vjrf. For 
dressinge the common armore belonginge to y® parishe, 
vjflf. To Rob'te bambroughe for scowringe the lower carr 
& gilles brige letche^ thre dayes, xviijrf. To lohn frissell 
for findinge Rounges & nayles for mendinge of pellow- 
lease yeat, \n}d. To Rychard Tripp for mendinge of 
moores chare, iijrf. To Andrew currey for hymselfe & 
his horse to fearie hill with a prisoner, xrf. To the 
counstaples for two sesments, xxrf. To lohn burdus for 
Repayringe the mayden castell laid out by hym the last 
yere, xijrf. To Rob'te hudspeth for wrytinge our account, ijj. 

[Some other payments for work at dikes, gates, and the 
bull hxmse, for serving the bull, and for fog in Erode and 
Pellowlease closes\ 

Expences vj7. xviijj. xijrf. 



' This entry confirms the supposition that ** the lower carr of the 
moor*' was at Gillesbridge. See above, p. iin note 2. 



46 grassmen's accounts. 

1616. Md the xij'*^ day of may Rob'te heighington & 
xp'ofor symson haith maid ther account the day & yere 
Aforesaid before the parishe just & right. 

The xij'*^ day of may 1616. Grass men chosen for this 
present yere Rob'te Reneson tanner & lohn harryson fuller 
& they have receyved for the use of the parishe at this 
accounpte the some of ix/. In witnes wherof they have 
sette ther hands. j^l^^ j^^^j^^ 

Robert Renoldson. 

Rec^ of Rychard Robeson Seaver for a horse gait, 
viijj-. Rec^ of wedowe hall of crawcrooke, iiijj. Of lohn 
Claxton for two laynes, viijV.^ For a bull which we sould, 
xlvj. viijd. 

[Other receipts for gaits, bull-hay, and fog in the 
two closes], 

Receyts xvjV. vij>. ijrf. 

Expences. 

Item p to wedowe hodshon, vj>. To Rob'te bambrough 
& Edmond smyth for Repayringe y« maiden castle for one 
dayes worke, xijrf. To ye counstaples for articles given by 
ye justices,* xviijrf. For A bull at darnton to y^ use of y® 
parishe, xxxviijj. For charges for gettinge hym home to 
Thomas cornforth & Rob'te Kent & for one stone of hay, \\]s. 
To the hurde for hantinge hym to y^ common, ijrf. To 
Ambros butler Rob'te Kent for thre dayes worke & a halfe 
at mayden castle, iiijj. To Rob'te bambrough for ringinge 
yt aboute with whines, xijrf. To the workmen for drinke 
to ye said worke, vjrf. For a lock to y® bull house, iiijrf. 
To Rob'te Carr & william burton for skowringe giles brige 
letch, xijrf. To George cragg for foure Rigcfi in ye lyme- 
kill close & ye third part of iiij^*" riges, xvijj". xrf.3 For 
mowing of them xxrf. For winninge & ledinge of y® 
same home, xxijc?. For drinke & bread to ye wainmen 81 
bearears in of yt, xd. To Thomas cornforth for changinge 
of A bull, w}s. viijrf. To lohn grene & Rob'te bambrough 
for vj dayes worke at the over ducke poole vjrf. a day, iijj. 
To Anthoney duccott for iiijo*" Thrave of bigg straw to y* 
bull house, xi]d.{?) To Nycholas yonger for lainge on of 
yt . To lohn grene tor servinge of hym 81 for ther 

' See above, p. 43, note 1. 

' See above, p. 28, note 2. 

3 No doubt for making' hay for the bull. It was sometimes, as appears 
from other entries, bought ready-made. Observe the division of the closes 
into " rigs." 



grassmen's accounts. 47 

drinke, ixd. To Rob'te bambrough for mendinge the dicke 
at the lowe end of vij acars belonginge to y^ parishe, vjrf. 
To sparke for sekinge y« bull when he was wantin^e, vjrf. 
To lohn grene for a saile & settinge of his heake, iijrf. To 
the counstaples for a sesment to Captayn hodshon, xxd. 
For a bull for y^ parishe, lijs, viijd. For fetchinge hym 
home from whitworth, viijrf. To M^ peter blaxton for a 
peace of hay to y« bull, iiijj. iijrf. For carradge of yt to y^ 
bull house, viijrf. To Nycholas sparke for his maire to 
Aukeland with a prisoner, viijrf. To lohn patteson for a 
Iron hupe to y*^ moore yeat, vd. To y® churchwardens for 
a copie of an Inditement & for a petecion, iijs. viijd. For 
dressinge y® common Armore, vjrf. To Rychard Tripp 
for mendinge the layn ende in moors chair, iiijrf.^ For 
paper for this booke, ijd. For wrytinge this our account, ijV. 
[A few other payments of the usual kind], 
Expences x/. xviijj. vd. 

Grass men for 1617, Rob'te baker & Rychard martyn. 
Received at entrance £61, 8s, 

Richard X martyn, his marke. 
Rob'te X Baker, his marke. 
Rec«^ for the bull sould to Rob'te peacoke, xlxvj>. (sic) 
viijd, 

{Receipts for gaits, fog, and the ij lonyngs]. 
The hole Receyts ys xiiij/. iiijj. iiyd, 

Expences 161 7. 

To wedowe hodshon y]s. To Robert bambrought for 
castinge Aboute the mayden castell & for lainge yt about 
with whines & the stile, xxrf. To lohn blaxton for a warant 
from ye Justices concernynge for y® collectors of y® poore of 
this parishe,^ iiijrf. To the counstaples James foster & 
Rob'te Ranardson for A sesment of xijrf. y^ pound for 
bridges, Julii ij, xs. To xp'ofor symson for a fother of hay 
to ye bull, xvjs. To Thomas Tompson for his horse to 
Chester with A presoner, vjd. To Nycholas sparke for 
makinge up the gavill end of the bull house, ijs, viijd. To 
Anthoney duckett for 16 Thrave of bigg straw iijd, A 
thrave the hole, iiiji*. ixd. To Nycholas sparke for thekin 
(thatching) 4 dayes viijrf. a day and for a server of hym 4 
dayes the hole, iiijj. For mendinge y® yeat in pellowlease 
chare with certayn rounges lackinge & a sweard, iijd. To 
the collectors of the hye wayes lohn hall and Thomas 

' Presumably some narrow lane known as ** the Moor chare." 

' See "Pittingfton Churchwardens' Accounts," Surtees Society, vol. 
Ixxxiv, p. 46, note i. 



48 grassmen's accounts. 

patteson, vijs. viijrf. To the counstaples for givinge in 
ther Answere for certayn articles given them by the head 
counstaples, xd. To lohn hall one of y^ survaers for the 
hye wayes, xvs. To Rychard Tripp for a heaspe & a 
stapple to pellowleese chare & for mendinge of moores 
chare, v]d. To the counstaples for the house of correction, 
xd. For iiijo"" stone of hay to the bull, ixd. For a bull 
that we bought, xlvijV. 

[Other entries of the usual kind], 

Expences ys ix/. 5^. iijd. 

Declara, iiij/. xixs. jd, 

Grasse men for 161 8. George Tayler glover And 
Andrew Currey. 

Receyved iiijV. xixs. 

Rec«^ for the bull that was sold, xlvjs. [Also for fog, 
bull hay, the lonyngs, and one horse gaitj. The hole 
Receyts ys xjV. viijj. vijrf. 

Expences 161 8. 

To wedowe hodshon, vjs. To lohn Tripp for his 
horse in y® kinges affaires,^ viijrf. For the articles, viijrf. 
To Rob'te Kent for mendinge y^ mayden castell, viijrf. 
For a fother of hay to the bull, xviijj. For a locke to the 
bull house, iijrf. For vewinge the common Armor on 
Raynton more, iijs. To the counstaples for A sesment 
for ye becones, xd. For dressinge of A sworde, viijrf. To 
Rychard Littlepher for oure comynge up to vew the 
harnes, iiijrf. To the counstaple Rob'te Carr for thre men 
that carried the harness to Raynton more the ij^ tyme, iijs. 
To Rob'te carr for the dressinge of the common Armore, 
vjflf. For two sesments iiijrf. the pound, vjs. viijd. More 
to the counstaples for ij sesments id. of y^ pound xxd. 
For one dossen of hay to the bull to James foster, ijs. To 
George cragg for one dossen, ijs. vjd. To Nedd waller for 
dressinge y® armore, vjd. To lohn burdus for one dossen 
of hay to y® bull, ijs. vjd. For the bull that was bought at 
darnton, lis. To Thomas dawson for a warrant, vjd. For 
two dayes for dressinge the common vennell in Raynton 
Loninge, vijd. [Other usuul payments]. 

Expences ix/. v]s. i]d. 



' This entry, together with the following' reference to '* beacons," and 
repeated inspections of the armour this year and afterwards, seems 
significant of the political state of things at this time ; also, and still more, in 
1622 and subsequent years. The projected intervention of England at 
this period of James's reig^ in the contest on the Continent between the 
Protestant States and Spain may account for such military activity. 



GRASSMEN*S ACCOUNTS. 49 

Grasse men for 1619, Anthoney duccott and James 
Foster. Received xlijj. iiijrf. 

Item Rec^ for the bull that was sould, x/. xiijj. iiijrf. 
[Other ttstcal receipts]. Some ix/. xj. vjc?. 

Expences. 

To Nycholas sparke for scowringe y® common vennell 
in Raynton Loynynge, xijrf. To M^ blaxton counstaple for 
articles, xijrf. For a fother of hay to y^ bull to Rob'te 
heighington, xxiiiji-. For A bull to y^ use of y^ parishe, 
xlvji-. For scowringe the springs at giles brige, xiiijrf. 
For ij stone of hay to y® bull, vrf. For makinge ye dicke at 
ye foot of vij acares, xiiijrf. For makinge y® dicke betwene 
the moore & brod close, xijrf. To lohn grene for kepinge 
ye bull in y^ markett, iiijrf. To Rob'te hudspeth for his 
wages, ijV. To M"" blaxton constaple for caryinge the 
common Armore to Raynton more y® first tyme, iiji*. More 
to Mr blaxton the second tyme to vew on Raynton more, 
iiiji". For A saile to the bull, ijrf. To M^ blaxton con- 
staple for Roge money, ijj. xja. To george greson for 
dressinge the maden castell, xviijrf. For iiij^"" stone of hay 
for the bull, xijc?. To lohn greene, ijj. vjrf. 

Somme, viijV. ijrf. Remaines clear, xxixj. iiijrf. 

Grass men for 1620, Thomas cornforth and Rychard 
Robeson. Received xxixj. iiijrf. [Receipts for gaits, fog 
in the two closes, and for the two Lonynges, amounting 
to £"1 ^s. 6d. ] 

Expences for 1620. Account maid 20 May 162 1. 

To the counstaples for a sesment Hid. ob, on the pound, 
ijs. xjd. For articles to Rob*te bambroughe counstaple, 
xijrf. For digh tinge the bull house, jd. To Thomas 
snawdon for A fother of hay to the bull, price, xxijs, xd. 
To george Rooel for makinge y^ gapes up in vij aceres at 
St. Cuthbert day, iijd. To Rob'te bambrouge counstaple 
for the vewinge of the armore of Raynton more before y^ 
Justices in charges for 3 Times, vji-. vjd. To Isbell wilson 
for a dossen stone of hay to the bull, ijj. To Anthoney 
duckett for hay to the bull, vjs. To Rob'te baker for 
A dossen stone of hay to ye bull, iijj. To lohn Rackett 
for 4 stone, xd. To Rob'te bambroughe counstaple for y® 
kinges kitchen,^ iijj. iiijrf. To Rob'te hudspeth for 

' James I, in his progress to Scotland in 1617, had passed through 
Durham, arriving there on Easter Eve. Was this payment in 1620 of 3^. 4</. 
to the constable for ** the King's Kitchen " arrearage of an impost on 
parishes for entertaining him on that occasion ; or was it part of some 



50 GRASSMEN*S ACCOUNTS. 

wrytinge our accompte, ijs. To Roland Robson & 
Thomas miller for hay loding & bringing home, iiijrf. 

[Other payments of the tisttal kind]. 

vL xvijV. vijrf. 

Grasse men for 1601 {sic)y^ George Tayler Tanner and 
Thomas wanne. Received at entrance, £1 '7 • 11. 

{Signed) George Tailer Tanner. 

Thomas X wane his marke. 

Account made June 2, 1622. 

Rec«^ of Thomas cornforth for the bull that he bought, 
xxxixi*. yid. 

[Receipts, as usiml, for gaits, the lonyngs, and pellow- 
leise flwrfbrode oXos^fogs]. Sum tot. 12/. 3^*. 3^. 

Expences for 1621. 

To Robert heighington counstaple for the vewinge of 
the armore at Raynton moore before the Justices in charges, 
\\s. viijflf. To lohn grene for fetchinge the bull home 
from murton, yjcf. To william shakelocke of murton for 
the bull which we bought, xxxvji-. viijrf. To george cragg 
for A fother of hay to the bull, xxi-. To the counstaples 
for a sesment of iiijflf. of the pound, n]s, iiijrf. For a 
locke to the bull house doore, vjrf. To Edward hodshon 
for weights for weainge of bread xijrf. To the countaples 
for a sesment of iij ob. on the pound, \]s. xjd. To lohn 
patteson for spikines (spikings for the moor's gate)^ jd. 
For two stone & a halfe of hay to the bull, vjrf. 

[Other payments of the ustuil kind]. 

Sum tot' 6/. i8s. 3d. 

Grassmen for 1622, Robert Barm phught (/^) and lohn 
herrison chosen 23 April. Received ^5 2s. 
(Signed) Rob'te X bambrough, his marke. 

lohn harison. 
Rec^ for the bull, xxxiijj. iiijrf. 

[Receipts, as ustuil, for gaits, fogs, and the lonings]. 
Som. vij/. xvjj*. iijflf. totall, xij/. xviijj. iijrf. 

Expences for 1622. 

For a muskett to the parishe p by y« grasmen, xiiijj. 
For dressinge the common Armore the vij^*» of July, iijj. 

general subsidy for maintaining the royal establishment ? It is well known 
that various expedients were resorted to for relieving his impecuniosity. 
Cf*, below, p. 51, note 2. 

' Perhaps a clerical error for 1621, there being otherwise no accounts 
for this year^ and accounts for 1601 having appeared in their proper place. 



GRASSMEN*S ACCOUNTS. 5 1 

To the iiij^f men which ys appoynted soldiers, iiyV. For 
powder & mache, vrf. For the articles, xijrf. To george 
Tayler for his horse to wirmeth {Wearmouth) vjd. To 
Rob*te heighington lyke wyse for the same, vjd. To 
Rob'te bambrough for a maire to Chester, vjrf. For a 
locke & a key, ij stapples & heast {Aesp ?) xrf. For soldger 
money matcne & powder, iiij>. ixrf. To Rob'te hudspeth 
his wages, iji*. To george cragg for hay growed in clifton^ 
for the bull, xijj. vjrf. For ledinge the bull hay from 
clifton, ijj. vjflf. To the counstaples iiijrf. of the pound, 
iijV. iiijrf. all the aforesaid laid out by lohn herrison : 
more paid by lohn herrison to captan hodshon, ijj. vjrf. 
All laid out by lohn hereson : paid for A Sword belte, 
iiijrf. To lohn haryson for the foge in pellowlese, xxiiijj. 
xd. For the foge in brodclose, xxjj. xjrf. To fower men 
for goinge to Chester at the commandement of the Justices, 
iiijj. For the bull price which we bought, xlj. To 
Rychard tripp for a sesment ijj. xjrf. To william burton 
for hantinge the bull, ijrf. To Rob'te bambrough for 
kepinge the foge in brode close, xxrf. [Other ustcal pay- 
ments], viij/. — s. vd, 

Grasmen for 1623, chosen 15 Ap., Richard Tripp and 
Robert Baker, Received at entrance iiijV. xijj. xjc?. 

Item Rec«^ of waiter Jackson for one gait, 4$-. For 60 
kyne for the bull haye 2.d, for everie Cowe that is, xj. 
For 53 gaites in Pellowe Lees fogg 13^. two gaites, that is 
2^s. 6d. For 52 gaites in the brodeclose fogg 6d. A gaite 
is 2&r. 

\N.B. — These are all the receipts entered this year, 
among which it is observable that only one gait on the moor 
is paid for, the stock having apparently been transferred to 
the fog of the entercommon fields (See above, p. 40, note 2), 
and to other fogs, which were paid for]. 

Som' iij/. viij>. — Som' totall viij/. vjrf. 

Expences for the same year. 

Imprimis to George Tayler for the kinges purveiors,* 
\\]s. More for the same use, \\]s. iiijrf. For a pounde of 
gunpuder, and a yearde of matche, xxjrf. For Articles, 



' For the locality of Clifton, see Introduction. 

' Were these purveyors for the purpose suggested above in note i, p. 49? 
** Purveyance" is defined by Bailey, ** Providing of corn, fewel, victuals, 
&c., for the King's house.** Cf, (a.d, 1627), "Purvey money." But 
sessments for the king's " provision " recur henceforth continually till the 
Commonwealth, being, we may suppose, for his general requirements for 
the king's service. 



52 grassmen's accounts. 

xijrf. For carreing the Armour to Rainton more, iiijj. 
For a paire of skailes for weinge the bread, iijrf. For 
three dossen and A halfe of hay ijs, A dossen, vijs. 
More for three dossen and A halfe of hay at ijs. 8rf. the 
dossen ixs, 4//. For makinge A pertition betwext the bull 
and the haye and mendinge the old worke, viijd. To 
Mr Heath for the fogge of his sexe rigges, xviijd. To 
George Rowell for the fogge of the Abbey land, 12s, 
To Thomas cornforth for his fogge, viijrf. To Rob't 
Bambrough for his fogge, viijrf. To Hengse (?) man for 
his fogge, 6d, To william hilton for his fogge of 2 rigges, 
4^. To Robert baker for the fogge of 10 rigges, iji-. vjrf. 
To Margart Snoball for her fogge, viijrf. To william 
Atcheson for his fogge, 12s, To Richerd Tripp for his 
fogge, xjs. To Mr Smythe for his fogge, iji*. To george 
Tailer glover for his fogge, ijs. To william Sheraton for 
the fogge of the brigge land, ijs. To Charles Boothe for 
his fogge, ijs. To Robert Skaithlock for his fogge, xijrf. 
For makinge the hedge in Colsons laine, iijrf. For A 
booke of the size of bread, vd. For 3 stone of haye to the 
bull, ixd. For dressinge the maidens bower, xvjd. For 
a stone of haye to the bull, iijrf. 

Som' — iiijV. xs. vijd. — and so remaines iij7. xs. iiijrf. 

Grasmen for 1624 Bulmer & Henrie Johnson. 

Received on entrance, iij7. xs. iiijrf. 

Rec^ for 44 gaites in the brode close, 6d. A gaite . 

For 18 gaites in the pellow leeses, jd. A gaite — . [Other 
receipts for gaits, <5r»c.]. 

Som' xjl. xjs. xd. 

Expences in the same year. 

Brode close fogges. 

Payd to Mr Heath for his fogge, i8d. [Other pay- 
ments for fogges, varying from 6d. to js. 2d., to nine 
persons, including Mr. Heath : and finally, Paid for 
Almner^ Leeses, i2d.]. 

For pellowlees fogges. 

[Payments varying from. 6d. to 2s. to nine individimls 
for rogges, but including, Payd for the common rigge, 
6rf.]. 

Payd for a bull, Xjs. For dressinge the harnes, 2s. 
To the counstables for A sesment, y. For a sesment to 



* *'Almner" here must mean Almoner; the land denoted being that 
anciently belonging to St. Magdalen's hospital, and in the hands of the 
Almoner of the Convent. 



grassmen's accounts. 53 

the brigges, 5^. For halfe A pound of gunne puder, vijd. 
To M"" Warde for vewinge the Armor at the Churche, vjd. 
To the 4 souldiers for goinge to Rainton more, iiijrf. To 
the counstables for gettinge the pykes dressed, vjd. To the 
counstables for dressinge the muscott, vjd. To the 
constables for A sesment for A sesment for the kinges 
provision, 3^-. ^d. To the 4 soulgers for goinge to be 
trained at rainton more, iiijV. To the counstables for A 
sesment at houghton, iiijrf. For salve to the bull, ijrf. To 
3 men for scowringe the lowe carr one day, xviijrf. For 
scowringe the ducke pull and Gills brigge 6 daies & one 
day more, iijs. 6d. For a stocke to the muscott, xijrf. To 
Capten hodshon for a sesment, xd. To the constable for 
A sesment, xijd. To the counstable for kepinge Raphe 
Applebie one night, jd. To the counstables for Another 
sesment, 8d, To Richerd Tripp for Articles from the 
head counstable, iiijrf. To Nicholas Bulloc counstable 
for a sesment, vs. For dressinge the Armor, ijj. For 
mendinge the maden boore, vjrf. For 9 stone of hay to 
the Bull, ijV. For wrytinge the statutut (sic) for the ways, 
i2d. For a bull, xliijs. iiijrf. 
Som' ix/. xixs. ijrf. 

Grasmen for 1625, chosen 19 April, Richard Welberie 
and Thomas daweson. Received at entrance xxxijj. viijrf. 

Rec«^ of lohn Sarvant for one beast gaite, iiijj. For 
lijtie gaites in the fogg in Pellowleases att vijrf. p gaite, 
xxxs, ijd. For xlviij gaites in the brode Close in the fogg, 
xxvj. vijrf. For Bull hay money att ijrf. a beast, ixs. ijd. 
[Other receipts for gaites]. 

Some vij/. x\\]s, vijrf. 

Disburssments for ther whole yeare. 

Imp. paid for a lock and a stapple to the brode Close 
yeate, iiijrf. ob. To the Cunstables for a Cesment to 
Branspeth in the vesitacoun,^ xd. For fower pound of 

Eun powder and 6 yardes of match, vjj. iiijrf. To the 
unstables for makin^e their answere to the articles to them 
in Charge givine, viijrf. For a stake to the bull, ijrf. For 
kepinge the bull to our ladie daie in lent, viijrf. To the 
Cunstables for wrytinge ther answere to the articles, vjrf. 
To the Cunstables for the Burgases of the parlament 



' The Plague being usually so called, it may be supposed to have 
broken out again at Brancepeth after its cessation in Durham, A.D. 1604. 
See above, p. 24, note i. 



54 grassmen's accounts. 

house, ^ vs. To the Cunstables for soulgeers money," iiijj. 
To fower soulgers that went to Rainton more to be trayned 
and for Carryinge the armore, iiijj. The same tyme for 
halfe a pound of gunpowder, vijrf. To xp'ofor Simpson for 
one fother of hay for the bull, xvs. For articles, viijrf. 
For old raiesses to laye under the hay and dressinge the 
house, iiijfi?. For a Capp to the pellas lease yeate, ijrf. For 
the kinges provesioun, iijj. iiijrf. For Rogg money,4 ijs. 
xjflf. To Mr Thomas Heeth for his fogg in the brod Close, 
ijs. For halfe a pound of gunpowder, viijrf. For one yard 
of match, ijd. To the Cunstables for the solgeers that went 
to Rainton more that tyme, iiiji*. To Richard Tripp for 
the fogge in pellow leses, xviijj. \Pqyments for fogg, 
IS. or 2S., to seven other individuals]. To mendinge the 
hedge betwene old durham and 7 Akers, iijrf. To the 
Cunstables when the soulgeers went another tyme to 
Rainton moore to be trayned, ijs. viijd. To the 
Cunstables for another tyme for the saide soulgeers 
trayninge att Rainton moore, ijs. viijd. To the Cunstables 
more for the burgases of the parlament, vs. To Thomas 
Cornforth for the payinge of the soulgeers that they weare 
behind with their wages : the tyme Thomas Cornforth was 
Cunstable when he went forth of his office, xvjs. viijd. To 
Tymothie Hubbock and Henry Johnson Cunstables for 
dressinge the Common armore, ijs. To the Cunstables 
for a Sesment att ijd. per pound the 19° of maij 1626, xxrf. 
To Richard Tripp for 3 daies work att maden Castell dicke, 
xxjd. To Henry Cowlson for makinge the yeate with new 
Railes in pittington loninge, viijrf. 

Pd by Mr Wellomy, fogges [Payments foUaw, varying 
from 6d. to js. 2d., to eight persons for fogges in Brod 
Close]. 

To M*" lohn watson for wrytinge upp our accoumpts 
for the whole yeare, ijs. 

Somme disburssed vijl. js. \iijd. ob. 

Grassemen for 1626, chosen 19 Ap., lohn peakocke 
and nicolas Bullocke. Received xijs. ijd. ob. 

[Receipts for gates and fogs = £4. ^s. ] 

* See Surtees' History of Durham, vol. iv, pt. 2, p. 8. 

' This was probably the regular payment from parishes for what was 
called "Soldier Money." Cf, Surtees Society's Publications, vol. Ixxxiv, 
p. 19, note. 

3 Le,, Rise or ryse, meaning brushwood. See Glossary. 

4 I.e., Rogue money. See Surtees Society's Publications, vol. Ixxxiv, 
p. 19, note 1. 



grassmen's accounts. 55 

Expences for 1626. 

[Payments, from 6d. to 12s,, to eight persons for brode 
close fogge. Ditto, to four persons, and for the brigland 
fogge,^ and for Pellowe leases fogge]. 

To the Constables for y® kings provision \xs. ijrf. For 
mending the backhouse laine hedge, iiijrf. To the soldiers, 
\]s. iiijrf. For a peice of wodd for mending y^ brodeclose 
gate, i}d. For A sparr to y^ same, ijrf. To william 
Maugham for bringing sheepe to the pinfold of the 
common, ijrf. For A sparr to Shereburne gate, iiijfi?. To 
George Rowle for standing with the bull in the markett, 
iijflf. To the Constables, iiijV. vijrf. For gunpowder & 
match, xiijrf. For A bagge, ijrf. To Antho : Thrislewood 
for a harr kutt,* vijrf. To Xp'ofer Bee for hay, xjj. iiijrf. 
For writing thes accompts, xijflf. To the Cunstables for 

the solgers, iiijj. viijrf. For gunpowder & match, . 

{Other ustuil payments]. 4/. \}s. /\d. 

Grasse men for 1627, chosen 13 may, Richard martin 
and Thomas dobison. Received ij/. vj>. xrf. 

Richard X martine 

marke 
Thomas dobbysonn. 
[Receipts, as tisual, for gates and fogs = £g i^s. 6d,] 

Expences for 1627. 

To the Constaples for drissing the harnes, ijj. For 
souldeers wages, ijV. More the same day for powder, os, — 
For a bull, ij7. iiijj. To the heard for two entering 

pennyes . To the Costaples a ses for the Correction 

house, iijj. . To Robert Car for mending of the back- 
house leases hedg, iiijrf. To Christopher simson for a 

load of hay to the bull, xvjj. . To Christopher bulmer 

for a Cap to the pellow leases gate, ijd. To william bentley 
and his man for two dayes worke, ijs. To thomas dawson 
for twentie stone of hay, vs. For writing of our accounts, 
js. [Other tisual payments], ol. lys. gd. 

' The '* Brieland foeee " may possibly have been that of a close at 
GiUsbridge. 

' ** Harr Kutt." Apparently some part of a soldier's equipment. Can 
it be meant for *' haketoun " (or ** Hacqueton"), a word defined in the 
Glossary to Chaucer's Poetical Works (London, G. Bell, 1888) as ** a short- 
cassock without sleeves" ? Cf, ** The Tale of Sir Mopas " (" Canterbury 
Tales ") :— 

** And next his schert an akeioun, 
And over that an haberjoun. 
For persying of his hert." 
See also Johnson's Dictionary : — ** Hacqeton, Some piece of armour. 
* You may see the very fashion of the Irish horseman in his long* hose* riding shoes of costly 
cord wain, his hacqueton, and his habergeon.' — Spencer's * State of Ireland,* 



56 grassmen's accounts. 

Grasse men for 1628, chosen 15 Ap., george Tailer, 
Tanner, & Robert heighinton. Received ij7. xvs. ixd, 

George Tailler, tanner, 
Robert X Heighington's 
marke. 

The new Grasse men gave out of the somme a bove 
saide xs. }d. to maintaine the sute Against Robart wan for 
overstint of the Common contrary to the orders — xs. jd. 

Item . laid forth for a cessment and paid to Tho : 
Dobison Constable, iijj. iiijrf. Paid for a warrant touching 
our high waies, ijs. ijd. For drissing our harnes, xijd. 
To the Qommon souldiers, ijs. For the peticion to the 
bench, vjrf. To Lancelot Dawson for a peticion to the 
Judges, xijd. To Richard Tripp for mending the maiden 
bower dike, iijrf. To Thomas Simpson for purvay money, 
iijs. iiijrf. For a hing locke, iiijrf. For mending the 
porterclose dike, iijd. Item id. on the pound for the 
Captaines, xd. For writing this accompt, xijd. To the 
common soldiers for ther wages for caryeing the common 
Armore to Chester moore, ijs. viijd. 

[ Other payments for mending gates and dikes, fog, (s^c. ] 

Receits for 1628. 

Imprimis of M^ Traviniam Collingwood for a Cow 
gait, iiijj. 

uj/. iiijj. yja. 
ijV. xvs. ixd. 

Receits v/. xxxs. iijrf. 

Disbursed ... 4/. 

So Remayneth ... j/. xix iijrf. 
\Other receipts for gates and fogg]. 

Grasse men for 1629, chosen 7 Ap., Thomas Cornfoorth 
& Thomas Coolteman. Received j/. x\xs. iijrf. 

Receites. 

Imprimis received of henerie Johnson for the last of 
his whole stent, 2^*. 8rf. For 60 gates in our fogges, 4//. 
ob. p cowe, in alle xxws. For 55 gates in pellow leses, 5rf. 
p gate, in all xxa\s. xd. 

[Other receipts for gates, amounting in all to 
£S 9s. id.]. 

Item Resaved for the Loones (Janes) att Thomas 
Dobbesons, vijj. 



grassmen's accounts. 57 

Disbursments. 

To Richard Tripp for casting the lowe carr, 6d. 
To Mr Pleasant for counsell concerning the high wayes, ^s. 
To Mr martin his man for his fees, 2^-. 4//. To Robert 
Bambrough for scouring the mayden bowere dicke, 6d. 
To George Taylor Constable for artickles, lod. To the 
Constables for the Kings purvayer, 3J. 4//. For a hespe 
and a stappell to the brode close gayte, 3^. For making 
the pellow leeses gaite, 2s. For a hespe and a stappell to 
it, 3^?. To My Martin Ian. 15 for scire-facies, 2j. 6d, To 
My Pleasant for counsell, 5^*. Payed Timothie Cumming 
Sherife for his fees, 6d. Spent at Richard Stories, 6d, 
To George Taylor Constable for Rogue monie, 3^*. 4^. 
Spent at Richard Stories, 4^. To M"" Martin for a writ 
called scire-facias, 2^-. 6rf. To M^ Comming Sherife, 
6s. 8d. To Mr Pleasant for Counsell, 5^-. To Richard 
Tripp for making the bakehouse leeses dicke, 6d, For 
writing our accounts, is, [Other payments of the usual 
kind]. 

New Grasse men chosen the xvj of aprill 1630 ; Peter 
booth & giles atkinson. Received of the laste grasse men, 
o . 12 . 9. 

[Receipts, as before, for gates in Pellow lease and 
Brode Close fogs, with a few others, and of Thomas 
dobbeson for madlane lane vijj. ; amounting in all to 
iij/. xviijj. vijrf.]. 

Expences. 

To the Constapples for souldgers and the Howse of 
Correction, vjj. viijrf. To Robert Baumebrough for 
mending the moore gaite and a staile {stile?) to it, viijrf. 
To the Constapples for artickles, viijrf. To lohn Cowlson 
for mending the Brood Close yett and for a Raile a hespe 
and a stappell to it, xijrf. To Richard Welburie for a 
presentment for the Recusants, 4^. To Robert Baume- 
brogh for mending the more gaite and a Capp to it, vjrf. 
To Richard martyn for artickles, xijrf. For the Bacckus 
gaite mending, iiijrf. For pellease yet mending a hespe 
and a stappell, vjrf. In expences, viijrf. For writing our 
Countes, xijrf. [Other payments for looking to the bull and 
repairs of gates and dikes], ij7. xixj. iiijrf. 

163 1. Grasse men Timothy hubbucke & Robart 
dobson. Received xvijj. n]d. 



58 grassmen's accounts. 

Resaved for the fogge in the brood clooce, xxiiijj. ijd. 
For the fogge in the pellesse, xviijV. Of M*" Langbrag (?) 
for 3 gates xvjj. of Thomas dobbesone for madelane lone, 
vijj. — Summe total. 3 . 18 . 5. 

Expences. 

To the Counstaples for the house of Correcshon, 
iijj. iiijrf. To the Counststaples for the Kinges parvesion, 
iijs. iiijrf. To Richard trep for mening {mending) backas 
dicke, ijrf. To Nicklaye bullock for upholeng the backas 
lease dicke, vjrf. To Thomas tompson Cunstaple for a 
sesment for the brigges, xxrf. For writing of our accountes, 
xijrf. For wardes to a hinge locke, ijrf. \Other payments 
for repairing gaps, gates, &^c., and for fog in Pellowlease 
and Erode Close]. Summe 2.13. 10. 

Delivered to y« new grasmen may third 1632 beinge 
Robart baker & lohn nelson. Resaved the Some of j/. . 

Resates. 

[Receipts for ^j gates in pallese^ at 6d., 5/ in 
brood close at 6d., for Madlane lone ps., for pallese 
lane jj., and for several other gates ; in all JCy 6s. Sd,]. 



Expences. 

lohn ball for a yet to petinton loone, 5^. For bringe 
of it, IS. 4^. To peter baker for bringe home the owlde 
yet, 2d. More to him for makeinge the dicke a boute the 
yet, 3^. For Roge monie to the Cunstaples, 3^*. 4^. For 
a heade pece to Sherborne yet and makeinge it, is. 8d. 
To the Cunstaples for the Artickles, 8d. More to 
Cunstaples for the Kinges proveseon, 3^. 4//. 

For fogge in the brode Close. 

[Payments, from 6d. to 12s., to seven individuals for 
their fogge and for the fogge of the brege land,^ 2s.\. 

fogge in the pelleese. 

[Payments, from 6d. to 12s., to five individuals for their 
fogge, for the fogge of the Common wey 6rf., and 
for fogge of the breges land 2s.]. To the Cunstaples for 
Artickles at howton, is. 4//. To the head Cunstaples 2d. 
the pound for a sesment for bregges & the house of 
Corectione, is. 8d. William Atkinson for a olde Rekenge 
of a olde sesment, 3^*. 4^. For paper to this booke, 2d. 
For writinge of our accountes, is. For a sesment Con- 
serninge the hiewayes, is. 8d. For Artickles to the 
Cunstaples, . To Thomas dobesonne for scouringe y*^ 

* I.e.y Pellowleases. • See above, p. 55, note 1. 



grassmen's accounts, 59 

laine, . to Robart bamebrough for scouringe of the 

dammes on the more, . For stopes and stappells to 

pallelese yet, js. 

Summe total, 3 . 16 . i. 

Grassmen for 1633 lohn Smith and Geo. Taylor. 
Received at entrance £s lo^- 8rf. [Other receipts, in 
which there is nothing peculiar, amount to £6 8s., making 
in all j£g i8s. 8d. ]. 

Expences. 

Paide for a bull to Richard Owen, xxxyji*. To 
Richard barnefather for Artickles, viijrf. For 2 stone of 

hay to the bulle . To Richard barnefather for the 

house of Correcsion a penye of the pound, iijj. iiijrf. To 
Richard Cornforth for a penie of the pound to Captane 
ward, xrf. For a fouther of hay to the bul, xxi*. For 
leding it home, xijfl?. For drinke to the waynmen, iijrf. 
To George Renell for geting it in, vjrf. To Richard 
barnefater for the kinges purvaer, vjj. To lohn patteson 

for a hupe to the more gate, . To lohn Colson for 

makenge y® stox (stocks) and of it, ijs. vjd. To 

lohn patteson for to we stapples and a haspe to the broade 
Close yet, iijrf. To Crestefere bee for satenge (setting?) 
the brode Close yet, iiijrf. To Richard barnefather for a 
sesment a penie of the pound for fishburne bregs, xd. To 
George Roule for sarvinge of the bull and huserume for 
the hay, vs. To M^ heeth for wood to the stox, iijs. vjd. 
For hay to the bull, vs. xd. For a sale to the bull, ijd. 
For writing our accountes, xviijrf. To Richard barnes- 
father for a sesment of a penie of the pound to a louetanant 
(lieutenant)^ xd. 

Disbursed — / .7,0.9. 

Delivered by Georg tailer & lo. Smith oude grassemen 
to Richard Corneforth challonweaver and Richard tripp 
the somme of 2 . 17 . 11. 

A Note of the outlaie that hath bin disburst by the 
Grasse men this yeare 1634. Rich. Tripp & Rich. Corn- 
furth the younger. 

Imprimis given back againe of the 2/. lys. iid. when 
we enterd on to lohn Bambrough by the parish consent, 

. For a paire of stiles^ & a back & doore threshold, 3^". 

Given to the Captaine for Marking the harnish the 15 day 
of October, 3^. To Rich. Tripp & lohn Brantingham 
for 10 days laboring worke at the Bull house, 5^. 

' For meaning of pair, see Glossary. Cfi, below, " a paire of wards." 



6o grassmen's accounts. 

To Robart Cooleson Carpinder for one days worke at 

the Bull house & drinks to the laborers, . For ten 

board Nailes a pennie. For water earning to the laburers 

a day . A pike for the Moore gate, jd. To lohn 

Brantingham for straw for litter . To willyam Bell 

for the Javill (/ail) & house of Correction, 3^. 4^. For 
a stapple, id. For a dayes worke at the low Carr, yd. 
Ditto at Gylls bridge, yd. Ditto at Bull house, yd. To 4 
shouldiers, 8rf. A pound of powder for the Shouldiers, 
\s. 2d. Item 2 Muscats dressing, is. For 7 burden of 

wattles to the bull house, . 2 days worke at scowring 

the duck pond, is. 2d. To willyam Bell for the artickles 
8^. To the Counstopples presentment, Sd. 2 spikings for 
the Bull house, id. Disburst for the Kings provision, 
3^. ^d. To willyam Bell for a Briddge mending, is. 8d. 
Mending Ellisleases low hedge, is. A stapple for hangin 
on the lock of Pelloleases yeet & scowring of Porter Close 

hedge . For mending & varnishing the Common 

Muscats, 4^". vjd. To 4 Shouldiers the 15 of October, 2^*. Sd. 
For setting the yeet & the stupe of Pelloleasses, ^d. For 
a paire of wards to the locke of Pelloleases gate & mending 
the lock, 4^. A stapple, jd. 4 spikings, 2d. To the new 

Captaine, . A quart of Ale to the writer, ^ 2d. 

Disburst for the fogg of Pellowl eases, i/. 4$". To Richard 
Johnson the 15 of fabruarie 1634 five groates to the house 

of Correction & ten pence for the bridgs mending . To 

will : bell for a sesment of one pennie of the pound, . 

For layinge the wattles of the Bulhouse, . For 

goinge aboute in the parriche disburste for drinke, iijs. xd. 

[Receipts]. 

After receipts from individuals for gaites, eight in all, 
Receaved by Richard Corneforth of gorge taler for whins,* 
\xs. of Edward smythe for the laines, ks. Of Mat. 
Charlton for ye bull, £2 2s. Summa totalis, 4/. 8j. 

Richard Corneforth payd to george Rowell for brod 
closse, xijV. [Five other payments for fogge follow]. 
To Robert baynbrough for makinge the yeate in the brod 



' See also below, '' disburst in drinke." Such expenditure, not hitherto 
entered, except for " waynmen " or other workmen, will be found very 
frequent and considerable afterwards ; and, not least, in the jovial days of 
the second Charles. 

' Cf., above, p. 31, note i. We find also a larg-e clearance of whins 
from the Moor in 1637, and still more afterwards in 1700. Their growth 
may have been one reason for so many ''fogs" having been taken about 
this time by the grassmen and let in gaits to parishioners. 



GRASSMEN*S ACCOUNTS. 6 1 

close . To the wrytter for kepinge the booke, xijd. 

To Master wright fogg, vjd. More y® abovsayd yeare 
for pellaleases fogge, i/. 7^*. It. RS for y^ broad Close 
fogge, i/. 9^*. Sum. 2 . 16 . o. 

RS for all receits for the yeare of our lord 1634 ••• ^o^- ^ . 9 

Disbursed in all y^ sayd yeare 5. 7.5 

Remayning to be payd to y^ new collectors^ for y« 

yeare 1635 •.. ... ... ... ... 4.I5.4 

RS of Richard Corneforth & Richard Trippe y^ old 
Collectors for y^ yeare of our lord 1634 Y^ sum of 4/. 15^. 4^. 
by Richard Corneforth & Thomas Morland Collectors 
for ye yeare 1635. 

Receits for y^ yeare 1635. 

Rec^ of Richard trippe and Richard Corneforth 
grasmen for the yeare of our lord 1634 y^ sume of 4/. 3^. lod. 

[Receipts for gates, including Resaved of Antonie 
Embersun for his hole stent, i/. 4$*. orf., amounting to 
£2 8s. 8d. Resaved for the fogge in the palese, i/. 5^. od.\ 

[Receipts for fogg in palease, in breg-land, and from 
two individuals, amounting to £1 ^s. ] 

Resaved by Raph grene for the fogg in the brod close, 
i8j. [Payments to five persons for fogge, amounting to 
iQS. gd.] It. RS of Ralph Green for y^ Lonings, los. 
Received 2^. for y^ Loning. Layd out to y^ mouders,^ 
is. 6d. To mending of blind lane dike, ^d. 

Disbursements for y^ yeare of our Lord 1635. 

To the Cunstaples a groot of the pound for the huse of 
Correction and bregges, 5^*. ^d. Paid mor to the 
Comstaples for the repairing of the bekens (beacons) ijrf. 
the pound, 2^. 8rf. More to the Comstaples for Artickels, 8rf. 
For a hupe & a picke and nales & workmenshep to yets, 
lid. More to the foresaid Comstaples for drisenge of the 
harnes and a bick to one of them & the band delerowes 3 
iSs. More to the forsaid Comstaples for the foore solgers 
wages, 2s. 8d. Ditto for 8d. of the pound for workinge 



* Presumably ** collectors " for the poor. See Surtees Society's 
Publications, vol. Ixxxiv, p. 46, note 11. 

' I,e., Moulders ; those who " dressed " or ** scaled " the moor annually 
by scattering the mould. '* Mould, earth mixed with clay " (Bailey). See 
above, p. 36, note i. 

3 I,e,, Bandeliers. See Glossary. The word "bick" preceding" may 
possibly be meant for buckle. 



62 GRASSMEN*S ACCOUNTS. 

of the Kinges wood,' 6s. 8d. For a presentment, 4^. For 
Reparinge of the breges 2d. the pound, is. 8d. For the 

Kinges provesione a groot a pound . Mor to the 

mustermasters a penie a pound . For makinge of the 7 

akers dicke betwext the he (ktgkP) feeld and it, 4//. To 
Richard barnefather for a sword belt, is. 6d. To lohn 
brantingeham for menenge (mending) the bakers lease dicke, 
8d. For Thomas Dawsons Dinner at Auckland, vjd. For 
Carregh (carriage) of the kinges wood to Lampton staeth 
lis. 8d. For wardes to the lock of palleise yet, 2d. The 
23^^ day of may M^ Smeth^ and the Churwardans with 

* See also entries below for carriage of the same. The reference is to 
Charles Fs notorious ship-money, which was levied this year (1635) ^^ ^^® 
country generally by writs to the Sheriffs, as well as on the sea-port towns. 
Cf., *' Churchwardens' Accounts," Surtees Society's Publications, vol. Ixxxiv, 
p. 97. 

' Mr. Elias Smith succeeded Sir John Watson as Curate of St. Giles 
A.D. 1632. He was also Minor Canon and Precentor of the Cathedral, 
Head Master of the Grammar School, and at one time Vicar of Bedlington. 
To him was due the careful preservation of the books of the Cathedral 
Library, and the vestments belonging to the Church during the Common- 
wealth. See ** Mickleton MSS.," quoted below. It will be seen from the 
extracts from the Registers of the parish of St. Giles, which are given below, 
that after 1642 the entries are irregular and few, and for many years there 
are none ; but that in 1667, the seventh year after the Restoration, a new 
Register book was bought, in which regular entries were made, and that 
Elias Smith is there specified as still minister of the parish. We may 
suppose him to have had to relinquish his ministrations during the troublous 
period. The Bishop, and the Cathedral clergy, with the Dean, Walter 
Balcanqual, fled from Durham when the Scotch Covenanters, after defeating 
Lord Conway at Newburn-on-Tvne in 1640, had entered the Bishopric, and 
seized the tithes and rents of the clergy. Smith, however, may have 
continued in the locality, viz., at Old Durham, then in the possession of 
the Tempest family ; for there is in the new Register book a copy of a 
Terrier, said to have been found in the study at Old Durham, and ** writ by 
Mr Elias Smyth " in 1655. The following notices of him appear in the 
** Mickleton MSS. ": — ** De Canonicis minoribus [petit Canons]. — Elias Smith 
Clericus A.M., Min. Can. erga finem Ai 1628. Fuit Archididasculus 
Scholae Gram, infra mentionatae Dec. & Cap. D. post Ric'un» Smelt 
Clericum Archid. Scholae predictae. Fuit Rector de Bedlington. Fuit 
precentor Eccl. Cath. predict, durante vita sua. Et sepult. in Eccl. predict. 
9 Dec, 1676 " [No. 32, p. 52]. 

** De SchoJa Gram,, &c., Dunelm. — Elias Smith Clericus A.M. Ac unus 
Canon. Minorum in Cath. Eccl. D. Qui Scholam Gram, predictam adiit 
circa Festum Sti Petri ad Vincula Ao 1640. Sed Discipulos & Scholares in 
Area Collegii docuit, scilicet aliquando in domo pertinente ad tertium 
prebendarium Eccl. predict, juxta le Guest Hall ibidem (Vide de Hospitum 
Aula seu Aulk Hospitalitatis predicta, p. 139). Aliquando etiam in domo 
pertinente ad primum prebendarium D. docuit. Ejus discipulorum Unus, 

Suem docuit dictus Elias in prefatis separalibus Domibus fuit'^LM. 
Collector hujus operis. Curam habuit idem Elias in tcmporibus nequissimis 
post occisionem Regis Caroli Librorum in Bibliotheca Dec. & Cap. D., ac 
etiam omnium Caparum & vestimentorum et aliarum renim aa dictam 
Ecclesiam pertinentium, salvaque omnia in eisdem temporibus custodivit. 
Fuit etiam Parsona Vicarius de Bedlington. Predictus Elias Scholae 
Gram>« Civitatis D. Pedagogus & recepit 405. medietatem An^(Annuiiatis) 



grassmen's accounts. 63 

others of the parishe in Charges spent that day in goinge 
about the bounders, 4$*. 8d.^ Paid more to nickholas Carr 
Cunstappel for a sese of towe pence the pound for the 
bregges, is. 8d. More to nickholas Carr for carregh of the 
kinges wood to lambton staieth, 6s. 8d. Wrytinge of our 
accountes, is. 6d. Given to lohn Wilkinson back againe, 

2S. 

[Other payments for repairs of gates and dikes]. 
Somme is iijV. 2^. iiijrf. 

Mistaking the account of Raph grene ixd. 

RS. By Peter Booth & Giles Atkinson of Richard 
Corneforth & Ralph Green May 29 1636 for Grasse mony 
ye sum of 2/. i6s. ^d. 

[Received for six gates, ^is. ; and for ye Lonings, 

lOS.=£2 IS.]. 

Expences as foleth, paid unto nickholas Car and lohn 
Cragges Counstaples. 

Item paid the 28th of may for Carrech {carriage) of his 
magestes shep timber 8d. the pound, 6^. The 4^ of June 
for the preson and the house of Correcseon a ^^^ the pond 
is 3Jr. 2d. The 11^^ day of Jun for the infeckted pepell 2d. 
the pound is is. The 20 day of June for the infeckted 
pepell of gatsied {Gateshead) i2d. the pound is los. The 
16^ day of October for his magestes proveseon ^d. the 
pound is 3^. ^d. For the infickted pepell the 20^^ • of 
September 6d. the pound is 5^. More the same day for 

the bekens {beacons) a, id. the pound is . The 11^^ 

day of desember for the infeckted pepell 6d. the pound 

is . The 30 of Januarie to the infickted pepell 6d. the 

pound is . The of march for yarme bregg ^d. the 

pound is 3^. 4^. For the decayed bregges 2d. the pound 
is IS. 8d. To William Atkingsun for a strass {distress?) 
for the parish, i/. 2^. To peter baker for manenge 
{mending) of petintun loinge yet and the dick a picke to the 
yet, lod. To gyles Atkeinsun for upholeng the backase 

predictae ab Ep'o D. £t Samuel Martin Magfister Scholae puerilis ejtisdem 
Civ. recepit alteram medietatem ejusdem Annuitatis ad 40s. Vide in Kotulis 
Audit. Epi D. Ao 9 transl. Ejusdem EpI. Iste Sam. fuit primus ejusdem 
I.M. preceptor. Prefatus Elias Smith Ludi Mag'ister Scholae Grammatical, 
apud D. Cui 40s. per an. de Ante (AnnuHate) predicta soluta. Et alia summa 
405. dicto Samueli Martin altero Magistro Scholae Puerilis ibidem soluta." 
Vide (ut antea) [/ft., p. 61]. 

** Pa front, &c,, Ecclesiae S^ Egidii, — Eleas Smith Clericus A.M. 
Parsona. Qui etiam Unus Min. Can. Cath. Eccl. D., ac Magister Scholae 
Gram. Dunelm. Ac Vicarius de Bedlington " [Ib,y p. 73]. 

' This is the first allusion to the custom of riding the boundaries on 
Ascension Day. See Preface, Bounder Day, 



64 GRASSMEN*S ACCOUNTS. 

leese dick, is. For our Charges the xv^^ of may for goinge 
about our boundres, 2s. 8d. For writeng of our accountes, 
IS. 6d. To the Counstaples of Shenklie for a Carrech a 
grot the pound is 3^. 4^. To M^ heath for Cunsell, los. 

RS. by Richard Trippe & George Greeveson of Giles 
Atkinson & Peter Booth y® sum of los*. jd. grassemen 
May 21. 1637. — o . 10 . I. 

Grasmen for 1637, Richard Tripp and George Greson. 
Received at their entry, xs. ]d. 

Receyved for xxxix gates in pellow leyes fogge, xxi*. ixrf. 
For xlvi gates in y^ broad close fogge, xijV. Of Robart 
barker for pellowlese lane, vjV. Of lohn smeth for madlen 
lanes, vs. Of the nighbours towards the boul {bull) paing 
for v]s. viijrf. [Other receipts for gates, 2s. or /fs. each^ 
except wedowe Ranton, who pays for a gate is. ^d.]. 
Some is in all v/. is. vjd. 

Expences 1637. 

To the Constables for the kings provision, iijs. iiijrf. 
For the house of Correction, iijs. iiijd. For Yarm bridge, 
iijs. iiijd. To George Greson for skowring the Carr in the 
lowe moore one Day, vijd. To Richard Tripp for one day 
more, vijrf. To Richard Tripp for mending the hedge 
betwixt the vij Acres & the hyefield, vijd. For cutting of 
whines thre Dales and for bringing them to bull house, 
xxjd. To Peter Baker for mending pittington loning Dike 
& for Damming of water, vijd. To Richard Tripp for two 
burden of wattles for the bull house and whinnes, vjd. To 
Richard Tripp & A lasse for carrying water ixd. To 
George Greeson for thacking of it two dales, ijs. To 
Richard Tripp for one Day, vjd. To lohn Wilkinson for 
one day, vjd. For Drinks to them, viijd. For hay for 
ropes & litter, iiijrf. For A resting men to y® Court, xiiijrf. 
To the Constables for A penny the pound to Captaine 
Mallery, xd. For charges in the Court, xd. To Thomas 
Dobyson for fogge in y^ brodeclose, vijd. Out of this 
foresaid receypt to Richard Tripp, iiijj. For setting the 
water in Maudlen laine the right course, ijd. For the fogge 
in Pella leazes to M^ Maior, xiijs. iiijrf. For writeing of 
our accountes, xviijrf. For our Charges the 30^^ day of 
Aprell for going about our boundders, iiijV. vjd. For a 
Risteng (arresting) of lohn gray to the Court, ijd. For a 
Risteng of Raph nobell to the Court and for other Charges 
thar in the Curt, xd. For willian) hiltpn Thomas Chater 



grassmen's accounts. 65 

wedow hallcat and wedow hunter for making of thar 
Cavels^ on the more, viijrf. For maineng {mending?) the 
moore stie and sateng of it up, iiijrf. For a ston of hay 
to the boull, iiijrf. To peter baker for loukeng to him, iiij^. 
For a boull for the parish, xxxixj. [Other payments for 
mending gates, dikes, and the like]. 

The Some of Expences is v/., viijrf. 

RS. Anno 1638, May 24, By the grassemen chosen 
for this yeare viz. Nicolas Carre & Richard Cornforth of 
the old grassemen — o . o . 10. 

Receipts of the usual amounts, 2s. and^s,, for gaits; 
including Resaved of lohn gray fisher of the last of his hole 
stent, 2^. of Willam wheldon for on best {beast) gat, 4$". 
Also, Resaved for the toowe lones of lohn gray and 
Cuthbart swanbourne — . Resaved of the hoole parish for 
to paied for hay to the bool — . 

Some is iij/. xvijV. vjrf. 

Expences (1638). 

To the Cunstaples for towe severell sesments on at xijrf. 
the pound and the other at a penie the pound, los. lod. 
For making of divers of the powre mens dicke on the 
Comon that is to saie nickolas barrow Robart Colsun 
willam hilton Thomas Chater wedow halcot wedow fresell 

and lohn Nalson . For a saill to the boull . To 

Richart treep for hay to the booull i/. 2^". To peter baker 
for kepeng the booull, 2^". 8d. For a warring {warrant) 
for facheing {fetching) the booull, is. Paid in Charges 
the 22 day of may for goinge about our bounders, 4^*. 6d. 
To peter baker for faching the booull out of woriceshire 
{Yorkshire) 6d. To peter baker for skowring of watter 
hooles on the Common, 6d. To nickholas barrow for 
helinge of his beeth {beasfs?) heed, 4$". Paid unto Temothe 
hubockand to Richart marting for the parish use, i/. is, 4^. 

Expences is in all laid out, 3/. — s. 6d. 

Grasse men for 1639 5 Henry Johnson and Thomas 
Dawson ; ** and they Resaved at ther entrens no things." 



' This word occurs again A.D. 1660, and 1661, meaning apparently 
allotments on the moor. ** Cavel, or Kavel, a lot, a share. Teut. kaveL 
To CAST CAVELS, to cast lots, to change situationsi Teut. Kavelen, Cavil 
is the place allotted to a hewer in a coal mine by ballot. It means also an 
allotment of ground in a common field." — Brockett. The word is still in 
use among the Northern miners for the parts in the mine allotted to each 
for hewing. 

5 



66 grassmen's accounts. 

Receipts, 1639. 

[For S gates at 2s. and^s. each]. Of the whole parrish 
for thre score and fyve beasts eveiy beast 4^. in all 
j/. ]s. 8d. Of Gyles Atkinson for maclline lone, 8j. For 
lone of the bull, lod. For pelles lane, 5^. 2 . 10 • 6. 

Expences 1639. 

For one fother of hay to the Bull to Robert Tweddell, 
xvijj. 4//. To Robert harwell for bull hay standing in 
his house, xxd. More for hay to the Bull, viijj. For a 
harr tree to the mooregate, viijrf. For carying of it, ijrf. 
More for a rale to it, vjd. To lohn Colson for workman- 
shipp to it, viijrf. For paper, iiijrf. In Charges the 11* of 
may goinge aboute our bounders, 5^. For writeng our 
accountes, is. 6d. [A few more payments for making 
dikes and mending a gate]. Sum i • 19 • 10. 

Remaines los. 8rf., & payd by y^ Churchwardens for 
Nicolas Carr(?) to y® new Grassemen in all i/. lor. — d. 

May 17, 1640. Delivered by Thomas Dawson & Henry 
lohnson to Richard Barnfather & lohn Colson, jV. ijs. 2d. 
\No further accounts appear for this year]. 

Grasmen for 1641 ; Richard Barnfather and lohn 
Colson. 

[Receipts for gates a^ usual, eight in all]. Resaved of 
lohn gray fisher for pallalease lone, 5^". — d. Of M^ lohn 
lianes for his time beinge heare, ys. Resaved at our 
Enterences in monie, j7. ijs. 2d. Total £^ .8.6. 

Expences, 1641. 

Paied to Richard Trep for 4 dayes at geals bridg, 
2^". Sd. To Richard Treep for workin at the low car 4 
dayes, 2^. 8rf. To petter Baker for workin at Sherburn 
gat & seting a stoup, 6d. To petter Baker for mending the 
pinfould, IS. To petter Baker for filling a cooU pit on the 
mouer, is. To the sayd petter for stopin thre wedowes 
gapes, 6d. To the counstapell for the gale & the correkcion 
house, 3^". 4//. Payd to gyles Atkyson with the parrish 
consent, il. [Other payments for gatesy gaps j &*c.]. Total, 
;^i . 15 . o. 

1642 {?) the 27 day payd to Thomas Browen & lohn 
Butley for earring the armes for the parrish, lod. (?). 
September 4. payd to them more for ther wages, iod. (?). 
payd for a vayg to newcastel, lod. {?). payd for thre vayge ' 



' What is meant by *' three vayg^e " is not apparent. It may possibly 
mean three voyages, i,e, journeys, the word voyage having been used 
formerly (as in French still) for travel by land as well as by sea. 



grassmen's accounts. 67 

for metting the Justeses i8d. Item payd for half a carrag 
Joyned with Shinkley for the kinges tresure, 6s. To the 
head counstapel for the gaiell and the hous of correckcion, 
3^. To M'^ willson for writt artikels conserning the 
skots^ 8d. For louking to pellees foug making the stile 2 
stobes & a raiel, is. For allaslees hedg and harpers close, 
IS. For drinkes when they brought wood to the pinfould, 

• For waiting the commishiners at newcastell, 2^. 

For a sut conserning for y^ bull for the parrish, 6s. Paid & 
spent for carges about the parrish, is. For writting oure 
accounts, is. 6d. — i . 9 . — . 

Resates by the grasemen Richard Barnefather . • . 
in the yeare 1643. [Receipts for madland and pellayley 
lanes, and for two gaits only]. 

Disbursements, 1643. 

To the head Counstapell for the house of {correction) 

. To petter baker for skouring the low carr . For 

mending pettinton yeet . For mending the enter 

common heges . For skouring geele bredg, 4^. 

Received for y® yeares 1641 & 1642 the sum of 4/. — . 
Disbursed y« sayd yeares y® sum of 3/. — . Remaines . 

disspursmentes laid forth by the gresmen {date illegible; 
probably 164^). For a fother of haige {hay) for ledinge and 
getening it in, i/. 4^*. For a hang loocke for foowld. For 
drawing the Common in Expences, 2s. To lohn barker 
for makinge the backaslease dicke, 2^. For Restes {arrests) 
to the Courte, 2^. For writinge of our acounte, is. 6d. 
To Edward bartingham i/. 6s. For house Roume and 
sarvinge the boule, Ss. To lohn Colson for a stile to the 
more dicke, Ss. To lohn harison for making madland 

{Magdalen) dicke, . For 4 stone of haige for the boule. 

To Cristefore man for .... the Clooke . For 

Execusones for Thomas foster and . . . trotter paid to the 
bale, 2s. — . 

[A feuo other entries, some being illegible]. Som is 3/. 
\6s. 2d. 

Remaines 7^. 6d. 

4 April 1648. Grassmen Robert Dobson and {illegible). 
Received at entrance, 6s. {ys. 6d. being erased). 

' C/., below, *' the commishiners at Newcastell " ; and *' Churchwardens' 
Accounts," Surtees Society's Publications, vol. Ixxxiv, pp. 103, 303. After 
the occupation of Newcastle by the Scotch Army under Lesley, the 
commissioners there were waited on by the High Sheriff of Durham, 
Sir Wm. Belasyse, and Sir Wm. Lambton, to give security for supplying 
provisions. A subsidy of ;£850 daily was eventually exacted. 



68 grassmen's accounts. 

Reseites {for nine gaites, from is. /fd. to 4s. each). Of 
Richart barnsefather for pales lone {Pellowleases lane?) 
3^. For the boulle, 4/. $s. 8d. 

Some of Resales is 5/. i8s. 8d. 

Disspursments as foleth. 

To William Rumfoute for a fouther of haye to the 
boull, i8s. For breng it home and geteng it in, 4$". 2d. 
To peter baker for makinge seven dicke,^ 6d. For writen 
our accountes, is. 6d. To Jain patteson for stanenge 
{standing) of the haie and sarvinge of the boule, 5^. To 
Richard treep for makinge up the gapes belongenge to the 
Enter Common, 6d. Geven backe to frances Embeerson, 
IS. 6d. Geven to Antonie Emberson for the use of waliam 
Rumfutes Chelldren, i/. 3^. For the more dyke makeng 
up, . 

dispursments is 2/. los. 

Grasmen for this yeare follinge [1649] Crestofore bee 
and lohn . Received at entrance, 3/. os. 6d. 

[Receipts for 17 gates, for horses, and bestes, varying 
from IS. 4d. to 8s. each]. Resaved of Richard barneffather 
for palese lone, 3^. — . Of Robart dobson for madlan lone, 
3^. Some of Resates is 61. ijs. lod. 

^Disbursements]. 

Paid for a boule, 2/. los. For towle {toll) for the bule, 
2d. For skouring of geles bredges and the lowe Car and 
filling the peet {pit) up, 3^. gd. To Antonie Emberson for 
a fother of haie to the boule, 2/. 6^. 8d. For a saale for 
the boule and wood for a stalle for him, 6d. For making 
up the Entercommoes dickes, 6d. To the gresmen for 
gooeng a bout for byenge the hay for the boule, is. [Other 
usual payments]. 

Dispursments is 5/. i<^. lod. 

Between i6^g and i6^g, i.e., from the first till the last 
year of the Commonwealth^ no accounts are extant, except the 
following^ which has been crossed out.^ 



' Perhaps meanine ''Seven Acres dike," ue, the dike of the Close or 
common field so called in Pellow Leases. 

' It seems probable that such accounts as do follow now, previous 
to 1661, were not entered till 1660, the year of the Restoration. For they 
are confused, as well as scanty, as thougfh there had been difficulty in 
makings them out and squaring them. We may observe also the payment 
of 2s,y instead of \s. 6d, as previously, for ** writtinge our accompts," and 
an additional i^. for *' rectyfyinge " them. An illiterate person seems to 
have been employed. Perhaps none more competent was at that time 
available. The learned Elias Smith had not returned to his cure. Similar 



grassmen's accounts. 69 

The Grasmens accompts for the yeare 1658 as 
foUoweth 

Recaved this yeare in all for gates upon the Comon, 
and the money w^^ entred upon at first, 3/, 12^. 5^. More 
recaved for stubing the whins in all the sum of 5/. 2^*. 3^. 
The sum in all is 8 . 14 . 8. 

Disbursments this yeare 1658. 

inprimis for stubing the whins and other things which 
you may see heare sett downe the sum of 9/. los. 3^. 
dew to us upon this yeares accompts, 15^". yd. 

Receits 1659. 

Rec^ for the bull now solde, 2/. i8s. 6d, {Receipts for 
horse and cow gates]. The somm is 4/. lar. 2d, 

1660. Received of William Willson for thre gates at 
on time to the grassmen, 12^. Of George Crukes for tow 
gates, 4^". For the Pellolese loninge, 4?. For Maudlns 
loninge, 5^. 1/. 5^. od. 

Recaved this yeare 1659 ^^ ^.11 the sum of 6/. 17^'. 2d. 

Disbursements 1659. 

Paid for a bull, 2/. 9^*. od. For banting the bull, i^-. 
For makeinge the moore Ditch, 4$-. For Dressinge giles 
bridge & mendinge the Ditht {dike?) about the bogge, 
IS. 6d. For mendinge shearburne yeate, 2^. 4^. For 
writting our accounts, 2^. 6d. For Railes and mendinge 
pittington yeatt, 2s. ^d. P^ M^ Hauwden about William 
Watsons sute and in expenses, i/. i^. od. To lohn 
Pattison for the bull standing and fetching the hay, 7^-. 6d. 
For the hay standing, 2^. 6d. To Andrew Rudderford for 
hedging Gillsbrig bog, 6d. For making 2 gaps upon the 
sands, 6d. To Katheren Hugall in pt of payment for 
carrying the stoupe to Pittington lane end, 4^. For 

remarks apply to the parish registers of the period. Since 1640, indeed, the 
scantiness of the accounts had shown signs of the disturbed state of thing-s. 
It is interesting to note what had since then occurred in Durham. In 1640 
the Scots had been there, and again in 1643. In 1644 a great sickness had 
prevailed throughout the year. In 1646 the King had come to Durham 
attended by the Scottish Commissioners, and later in the same year the see 
had been dissolved and the episcopal estates ordered to be sold. In 1649 
the Castle was sold to Robert Andrewes, Lord Mayor of London, and the 
Cathedral left desolate. In 1650 the Scotch prisoners after the battle of 
Dunbar had been confined therein. At once after the Restoration our 
books show a return to the old order of things. Parish affairs are again 
regularly seen to, and regularly recorded, and all seems to have gone on as 
before the troublous times. We note, further, a cessation of vexatious 
political imposts, and a characteristic growing tendency to spend the money 
of the parish in potations and festivity. We may well conceive how 
welcome to the general population the change would be. 



^o grassmen's accounts. 

mending and hanging Shearburn moore yate, 6rf. For 9 
stone of hay for the bull, 3^. grf. For a lode of hay, 
i/. lis. o. For leading, is. 6d. For the wayn mens 
dinners and getting in the hay, is. For rectyfying 
accoumpts and writing, is. For writtinge our accoumpts, 
2^. the somm is 61. 14$". Sd. 

Disburst this yeare 1659 in all the of 6/. 17^. od. 

Remaines in our hands in all for this tow years 
accoumpts the sum of o . o . i. 

Receaved of georg hutcheson for a hors gait, 4-$-. 
More Receaved of Elsebeth tod for a hors gait, 4^". 

{Alia manu) paid by me mary Bluitt thre shillings the 
last part of pament for tow cow gats. 

Grassmen chosen this yeare 1660 lohn Burdas and 
Thomas Foster and they receavd at their enteringe a 
penny o/. os. id. 

Recaits. — Recaved of lohn Hayes for a horse gate 
Being the last of his hole stent, 8^. Of lohn Herrinson for 
tenter rent,^ 8rf. Of lohn Atkinson for the loninge at 
leadancross,* is. For the tow common lonings, 9J. For 
the Cavells, 13^". 2d. [Other receipts for gates]. Recaved 
in all, 3/. 4^. I id. 

Disbursments 1660. Disburst upon the bounder day, 
15^". 2d. To William wilsons for goinge to Renton, ^d. 
To Nichollas Ladler for bull hay, los. To waiter Jackson 
for keepinge the bull, 8^. For makinge the moure dike, 
i8j. Sd. For makinge sum gaps and scoweringe gils 
bridge, is. 6d. For writtinge our accounts, 2s. 6d. Paid 
to the bird, 4-$-. 

disburst in all, 3/. os. id. 

Grassmen 1661, Mathew Borrow and Fetter Booth 
{the name of the latter erased). Received at entrance, gd. 

Recaved for tow coman lonings, lis. 6d. Of George 
Maugham for the loninge, 6d. For the Bull, 2/. i6s. 4//. 



' This is the first entry of " tenter-rent," i.e,, of payments for bleaching 
g'round on the common or elsewhere. It became common afterwards. 

' '* Leaden Cross." It stood in the middle of the street, at the junction of 
the parishes of St. Nicholas and St. Giles, and is shown in Speed's map of 
Durham engraved in Surtces' History of Durham, vol. iv (City of Durham, 
p. 54). Surtees there says, ''Beyond this (t.^., the old city gateway), the 
street of Cla^path stretches Eastward, and, climbing about two-thirds of 
the first hill, joins Gilesgate at the spot where the Leaden Cross once stood. 
When Hunter wrote, the pedestal of the cross was still standing in the 
middle of the street at the top of the Beast-Market. " Also, in a note, ** In 
the rentals of the Commones of the Abbey in 1454 an entry occurs, 
* De uno tenemento ad Crucem Plumbeam, vis, vuid,' — Hunter'' 



GRASSMEN*S ACCOUNTS. 7 1 

For Reshes, gd. Of William Jurdinson for a cow gate, ^r. 
Of Henry Johnson for tenter rent, 8rf, Of Richard yates 
for a cow gate, 4-^. Of Ezi Story for tow gates, i/. os. od. 
Of lohn Atkinson for the loninge, is. Of lohn Herrinson 
for tenter rent, is. ^d. Of Ezi Story for one cow gate, los. 
Of the Neibors for every cow threepence, 12s. 6d. For 
Cavells for the mower dike, 6s. 8d. For the Bull, 2/. 3^. od. 
Sum 8/. 13^. od. 

Disburements, 1661, by the grasmen Mathew Borrow 
and Anthony dobson. 

Disburst upon the bounder day, 13^'. 6d. For a stapell 
for the pinfould and a lock & key, 8d. For leedinge home 
the bull hay and gettinge in, 8s. For the Bull, 2/. 3^. ^d. 
More spent when we bought the bull, 4^. For makinge 
dike at the sands, is. lod. For the bulls gras and fetchinge 
home and gettinge him cailled in the Markett, 6s. Sd. To 
Walter Jackson for keepinge the bull, 8^. To George 
Robson and William Jurdinson for stubinge the whines, 
6s. Paid to the hird when he was hiered, 6d. To Walter 
Jackson when he was hiered, 6d. To Walter Jackson for 
gatheringe the whins to geether that was stubd, ^d. Given 
to Mr Heeth for confirminge the Order and to M^ Phillaps 
for writinge it and expences goinge about it, i/. 9^*. 2d.^ 
Geven for helpinge to drive the moore* in drinke, is. To 
Mathew Borrow for seekinge draughts and helpinge home 
with the hay for the bull, 2^. To Nicholas Ladler for Bull 
hay, los. For writinge our accounts, 2^. 6d. [Several 
other payments of the usiial kind for mending dikes and 
gates, &c.\. Disbursments are 8/. 4-^. iid. Remaines in 
our hands 8^. id. 

Grassmen 1662, Thomas Reedhead and George 
Crukes. 

{Receipts for 21 horse and cow gates, at is. dfil., 2s., 
4s., los., and ;^i, for Pellowlesses loninge, loninge at 



' The expenses here attending the gathering' of the stubbed whins on 
the Moor, with the obtaining of an order from Mr. Heath with regard to 
thenii seems to imply that the lord of the manor had now asserted his claim 
to them. See above, p. 3i» note i. 

' ** Driving" the Moor, which seems now to have been annual, would 
be for the purpose of discovering the beasts grazing on it, and detecting 
interlopers or diseased animals. There is frequent mention afterwards of 
" scabbed horses," which were eliminated or impounded. Among the 
Receipts of i*]^ we find, '* To the scabbd Lane, 8f. 6<f." ; and Robert Allison, 
the present grieve of the manor, speaks of a field below Magdalen Chapel, 
which is, or was, called *< Scabgarth " from scabbed animsus having been 
impounded in it. 



72 grassmen's accounts. 

Causeefoute, and Maudlan loninge, and three tenter rents at 
8rf. and is. 4^.]. 7/. 6s. o. Rests in our hands, 2.4.3. 

Disbursments 1662. Disburst on the boundery day, 
6d. To the Collectors, 5^. For a lode of hay, i/. 6s, Sd. 
For leedinge it home, 4.9. For gittinge it in in drinke and 
wainemens drinks, 2s. For gettinge draughts and helpinge 
them that day is. 6d. For the Bull, 2/. 6s. For mendinge 
the mower yett and wood and tarringe the wood, 5^. 6d. 
For six stone of hay, 2^". For six stone of hay for the bull, 
2^". For our accoumpts makinge, 2s. 6d. In drinke when 
we maid our accoumpts, 6d. To the belman for callinge 
the bounders, ^d. For our diners one the bounder day, 
14^". Paid at Thomas Grymes for drinke that was geven 
to the childer, is. Geven to the musick that day, is. 
[Other payments of the usual kind]. 7.6.0. 

8th of June, 1663, Receaved by us Robert Jackson 
and Antony Wharton new grasse men this yeare the sume 
of 2/. 4s. 3d. More recaved from the ouerseers, 5^. 
Recaved for the Bull, 2/. 7^-. 6d. Of Thomas Snawdon for 
whins, 2s. Of M^ Marcham for six loode of whins, 2^. 
Of Henry Wilkinson for whins, i id. Of Nickolas Ladler 
for whins, is. Of lohn Keenleside for seven loode of 
whins, 2s. 4^. For Cavells of the moore dike, 6s. ^d. For 
stubinge the whins at sixpence a gaite the sum of 3/. 4-$*. 6d. 
Other receipts as usual, for 6 gates, at is. ^d. and lod., the 
oninges, and tenter rents]. Sum, 11/. 4^*. — d. 

Disbursments 1663. For the bull, i/. 17^. For 
stubbinge six akers of the moure, 3/. i8s. od. To James 
Reed for takinge up the younge whins, 6d. Disburst to 
them that mesuered the ground that was stubd in drinke, 
6d. Spent when we got the scrowell drawen of all the 
gates in the street, is. To the hird for hantinge the bull, 
IS. For callinge the bull, is. For a loade of hay to the 
bull, i/. 6s. Sd. For wainemens drinkes and gettinge in 
the hay, 2^. To lohn davinson for stubbinge, 16^*. To 
M'^ Haudon for his Fee at Entering the sute against Henry 
Wanles, 3^*. ^d. More to the clarke of the court, 6d. 
More to the bailliff, is. 6d. More for drawinge the order 
and Lookinge aboute that sute, is. To Richard Coulson 
for mendinge the pinfould and for wood to mend it, is. 6d. 
To William Wilkinson for arrestinge severall parsons for 
stubbinge whins, is. Spent when we went aboute 
M^ Wanles suite, 8d. For writtinge our accomptes, 2^*. 6. 
[Other entries of the usual kind]. In all — 1 1/. is. gd. ob. 

Rests in our hands, 2^^. yi. 



grassmen's accounts. 73 

September the 21^*^ 1663. 

It is ordered concluded concented and agreed by and 
with the consents and assents of the inhabetants of y® 
parishe of S^ gyles that they will all Joyne and stand firmly 
one to another and pay every sess and taxation that shall 
be Laid one for to try sute against M^ Henry Wanles 
Alderman for Eetinge with us in our Entercommons and 
he saith he will and we the inhabetants are all consented 
and 'greed to try sute with him wheireunto we have 
heareunto set our hands the day and yeare above written 
Anno Dom' 1663. lohn X Coulson, &fc., &fc, [There 
follow twenty-five signatures, four only of the signers 
writing their own names], 

Grassmen 1664, Ouswand Bell and Thomas Allinson. 
Received at entrance, 2s, 2d, [Receipts, as usual, for gates 
and lonings ; also, Recaved for whines, 3^*. 4^. Of lohn 
Rennesid for 5 lods of whines, is, Sd, At 3 pence a cow 
for the Bulle hay, los. 3d,]. 

In all 5/. 15^-. gd, 

Dispursements 1664. 

For the lode of the Bull hay, i/. 6s, Sd, For Ledden 
it home, y, 6d, More for getting it in in drinkes and 
wainemens drinkes, 2^-. 6d, To the museck and for drinke 
and for calling out the moudders,^ is. To the museck and 
for drinke and for calling out the moudders, 2^-. For our 
dinners one our bunder day, i/. Paide more for drinke 
one the bounder day, 6s, Sd, paide more for museck, 
2^-. 6d, For driveing the moure, is, /\d. For writting our 
accounts, 2^. 6d, [Other payments for repairing dikes, 
gates, (5fc,, of the usual kind]. Sum 5/. is, 2d, Remaines, 
14-$'. Td. 

Grasmen 1665, Thomas Snawdon and Richard yaits. 
Received 14^. Td, [Receipts for gates, for Madglin and 
Releases loninges, los, and 6s, y and for the ould Bull, 



i/. 12^-. od, 
AndT 



Total sume 4 . 19 . 7. 
lomas Snawdon and Richard Yates doth ingage 
to pay other ten shillings for another gate if he keepe him 
upon the Comon tow dayes after the date heareof June 
the 4^ 1666. 

Disspurcments 1665. Dispursed by the consent of 
the fower & twentie to Edward Brantinham, 2^-. ^d. 
For scouringe the pound to Geo. Robson, is. 4^. For 



' See above, p. 61, note 2, and p. 36, note i. 



74 grassmen's accounts. 

hay to the bull, $s. 6d. For driveing the more, is. ^d. 
For the Bull that we bought, i/. is. and in drinke when he 
was sould & for driveing him to the market, is. 6d. For 
our dinners and for drinke on the bounder day, i/. is. 
More for drinke at Tho. Grames the same day, is. gcf. 
For driveing the more is. 4^?. For writinge our accounts, 
2s. 6d. [Other payments for uphoulding dikes, repairs, 
6r»c.]. 4 . 19 • 6. 

Grasmen 1666, Robert Chamers and lohn Herrinson. 
Received id. 

[Receipts for gates at 4-$'. and 10s. ; for Maudlane 
loninge, 10s. ; for Pellowleeses loninge, 5^". ; for the 
loninge at the Cawseefoute, is. ; for three tenter rents, &/. 
each; for whins for Shearbourne house, 5^.]. Sum^ 
5 . 18 . II. Rests in our hands, 7^. 5^. 

Disbursements f 1666. Paid to the bird for bringinge a 
horse to the fould, 4^. For 4 Stoupes for the mouer for 
the Beese to Rub one and Leedinge them and lyinge them, 
6s. Sd. For drissinge the duke poole and in drinke to 
them, 4J. lod. For scoweringe gills Bridge and for stakes 
for it and in drinke, 3J. For drivinge the mower, is. 4^. 
To William Wilson for Mendinge the dike adjoyninge to 
the Sands, 2s. 6d. Paid about the parishe busines, i^. ^d. 
In Charges againest Robert Heighington, dr. 2d. More 
in expences about the same sute, i^. jd. For Makinge 
the Moure dike and more in drinke, is. Paid for the Bull, 
i/. 7^. Paid one the Bounder day for our diners and in 
drinke, 15s. gd. For the Minesters diner and the Clarke 
one the Bounder day,< 8d. For the Minester and Clarke 
in drinke one the Bounder day,* is. For driveinge the 
mower, is. 4^. For our accompts makinge, 2s. 6d. 
[Other usual entries]. 5 . 18 . 5. 

December the 4^** 1666. 

It is Ordered Concluded Consented and agreed by and 
with the Consents and Assents of the inhabetants within 
the parishe of S^ Gyles that they will all Joyne with the 
Grasmen and pay all Sesses and Taxations that shalbe Laid 
upon them for the tryinge and mentaininge sute againest 



' This is the first notice, since the mention of '' Mr. Smeth " in 1635, of 
the minister and parish clerk (as afterwards constantly) on the '' Bounder 
Day," implying- perhaps the retention of some religious functions. As to 
the desig^nation ** minister," instead of *' curate " as previously, and usually 
** parson " afterwards, due perhaps to puritanical influences, see " Church- 
wardens' Accounts/* Surtees Society s Publications, vol. Ixxxiv, p. 98 
note 2. 



grassmen's accounts. 75 

Robert Heighington for inclosinge and Barringe up a Close 
Called the five Akers which is entercommon and belongeth 
to the said inhabetants for the winter Season and he saith 
they shall not put any goods their for he will try sute with 
the parishe and we the inhabetants are agreed to maintaine 
sute againest him and unto this agreement have set our 
hands the day and yeare above writtne, 

Robert Dobson, &c. &c, \Fifty-four more signatures 
follow; seventeen write their own names]. 

No accounts for j66f remain. 

Grassmen 1668, William Wilson and William 
Herinson, 

Due to the old grasmen, ^y. ^d, ob. Recaved of 
M^ Matthew for 14 loode of whines, ^f. 8rf. For 50 gaites 
in the fogg of Pellowleeses at lod. p. gate, 2/. is. 8d. For 
55 gates in the fogg in Broode Close at 8d. p. gate, 
i/. I dr. 8d. Of Doctor Bazeer^ for Pellowleese yets, is. gd. 
Of Francis Callehane for the same, is. Of Robert Bell for 
fower gaites which he haith paid at his entring on the 
comon, 2/. Of Ralph Nicholson for Maudlan lane, los. 
Of lohn Herrinson and Robert Faierfax for Pellowleese 
loninge, 6s. Of Ralph Richard for tenter rent, 8d. For 
the Cavels of the Mouer dike, 6s. Of lohn Nelson for 
tenter rent, 8d. Of William Wilson for the comon loninge 
at Causee foute, 8d. [Other receipts for gates]. 

Disbursments this yeare. For Leedinge the Bull hay 

and gettinge it in, 4^. For a lock for the pinfoold, . 

For Makinge the dike adjoyninge the sands, 2^". For 
Mendinge the pinfoold fower times and wood and Nayles 

for it, . For the fogg in Pellowleeses, 2/. is. For the 

fogg in Broodclose, il. i6s. For a sayle and band to ty 

the Bull in, . For mendinge the yet at the Backhouse 

and for Crukes and bands and Rayles for it, is. For 
drivinge the Moure, is. For gills Bridge scoweringe and 
a rayle for it, is. For the bounder diner, and in drinke to 
it and to the Musick, i/. 5J. 6d. For the Minesters horse 
that day, 6d. Paid at Thomas gryemes for drinke for the 
boyes upon the bounder day, 6d. Spent at Robt. Bells 
when we got his money for his gaites, 2,s. For makinge 
the Mouer dike, 13^. 4^. And in drinke to them at the 
bargaine making, 6d. For our accompts, is. 6d. [Other 
payments for repairs, &^c., of the usual kind]. Disburst, 
7/. 6s. iid. 

' Dr. Isaac Bazire, divine and traveller ; Archdeacon of Northumber- 
land, and Canon of Durham : died 1676. 



76 grassmen's accounts. 

Grassmen 1669 lohn Wilson and Robert Faierfax. 

[Entries of the usual kind; but no expenses entered 
for the Bounder day]. Receipts, 2/. 8^-. grf. Disburst, 
2/. 12^-. \d. 

Aprill 22^^ 1670 (?). It is agreed concluded consented 
& agreed by & with the consents & assents of the 
Inhabitants within the parish of S^ Giles that they will all 
Joyne with the Grasmen & pay all sesses & taxations 
that shall be laid upon them for the trying & maintaining 
suite agt James Rodham of the parish of S^ Gyles ; he 
deniing to pay what our said order doth expresse as it is 
accustomed & unto this agreement have set our hands the 
day & yeare above written. \There follow fifty-two 
signatures, twenty-two writing their own names], 

Grasmen 1670, Richard Hopper and Henry Johnson. 
Due to old grasmen, ^f. 

Received for the bull, i/. los. Received lohn wilson 
when he was reasted {arrested) for the order, 4^. [Receipts 
for gates, lanes, including hy and low ends of Pellelease 
Ion, the Cauvles {cavells) of the moure dike, dr., and two 
tenter rents at 8rf.]. Somme, 4/. i6s. 2d. 

Disbursmentes 1670. Paid to willam shaw for kep- 
ing the mouredycke, ^f. For drynk when we gread with 
William shaw for keping the moure dike, 6d,^ To M*" georg 
mourcroft for his charges that he wanted when the 
Inhabetant was indited for renton Ion, 2^. More payd to 
georg more croft In drynk, is. For drynk when we sould 
the bull, IS. To edward brantingam for reisting the old 
grasmen, 4^. To the hyrd for making the more dike, 15^-. 
For drink to the hird when he mad the more dike, is. 2d. 
To the hird for brynging James roddam horse to the 
fould, 2d. For reaysting James roddem, 2d. To lohn 
wilson for draining pellelease Ion, 6d. For mending the 
dick about the bog at gyles brig, Sd. For drink when we 
recaived humphfry houbdon money, 3^?. To thomas alleson 
for seking the regester boke, 4^. For our accountes 
making, 2S. 6d. Disburst on the bounder day, 15J. For 
drynk when we drave the more, is. /\d. To the musik on 
the bounder day, is. Spent when we bought the bull, is. 
[Other payments of the usual kind]. 

The Somme in all is 4/. lis. id. Remaines 5^*. id. 



' Observe at this period, and subsequently, the prevalence of " drinks *' 
on all available occasions. 



grassmen's accounts. 77 

[In the years that follow, until 1798, in order to avoid 
unnecessary repetition of customary receipts and payments, 
only such entries as are unusual or otherwise interesting 'mill 
visually be transcribed. But the names of the grassmen for 
each year, the whole sums each year received and expended, 
all entries connected with the " bounder day " and '* scaling " 
or ** driving" the moor, and all such as show the prices of 
labour and things, will still be given], 

1671. Grassmen, lohn Daveson and Nicholas Hut- 
chesson. 

Received. For the bull, i/. 7^. Of Thomas Keenleside 
for wheens, i \s. 

Disbursed. For driveing the moor, \s. ^id. For pound- 
louse^ for ye bull, & for drinke when we sould the bull, — . 
Spent when we went to receive mune {m.oney) for the 
wheenes, is. Spent when we went to speek with Curnill 
Tempest^ about thame that wad not pay for there gats, i^. 
To lohn Colson for a hartre for Sherburn get and seting it 
one, 3J. For the bull, 2/. ^s. For driveing the moure, is. 
For drinke dispursed on the bounder day, 17^-. For grasse 
to the Bool, 2^-. To Nicholas pearsson one the bounder 
day, 2^-. 6d. To Simond Marttin for drissing of the bool 
when he was el, 2^-. 6d. [Other entries]. 

Receipts, 7/. 2^*. 2d. Disbursements, 61. &r. iid. 

1672. Grassmen, James Snowden and Nicolas Sparke. 

Received. For a bull that wee soulde to lohn Coulson, 
i/. i^s. For whines, 2^-. 4^. [Other entries]. 

Paid. For voweing {viewing) lohn Fosters dikes 
to thame that wee got to vowe thame in drinke, is. 6d. To 
Robart Coulson for one Raile and a Sworde for Pittington 
yeet, is. 2d. For the boule that wee got at Branddon, 
2/. IS. For grase to the boule, is. 6d. Giveing Hugh 
Hutchinson agane in drinke, is. For a stile a Joining to 
the sands and for a bowe for the boule (bull) to Robart 
Coulson, IS. 6d. For a nieare at was of oure moure to 
Robart Headly for calling of hir, /\d. To Robart Richard- 
son for a lousses for the poundfould, 6d. Giveing in drinke 
to them that helpe to put in the picke and put one the houpe 

* See Glossary. 

' Colonel Tempest, i.e,, John Tempest of the Isle, throug-h whose 
marriage with the heiress of the Heaths the Tempest family acquired Old 
Durham. See notes to Registers. 

3 Apparently the payment for loosing, or releasing, an animal that had 
been impounded. C/. ** Pound-lowse " above. 



78 grassmen's accounts. 

of Shirbrune yett, 8rf. For driveing of the moure, is. 3^. 
For the bull that wee bought, iL i8s. 6d. To Nicolas 
Pearson for the bunder day, is. For driveing the moure, 
IS. Disbursed of the bounder day in drinke, 8^. [Other 
entries.] Receipts, *jL idr. "jd. Disbursements, "jl. 15^-. iid. 

1673. Grassmen, Robert Colson and lohn Nelson. 

Received. For the Bull, il. dr. %d. Of lohn Keenele- 
side for whins, los. For the first Bull, i/. idr. \Other 
entries]. 

Disburst. For the Bull, il. i8i'. Spent at Shawes 
when we greed aboute the moure yett, is. 2d. For mendinge 
the pinfould, is. For gras for the Bull to lohn Dawson, 
IS. 2d. For penyworths of grass for the bull, i^. 2d. For 
Buter and Milke for the bull, 4^rf. Spent when we sould 
one bull and bought the other bull, is. 6d. Spent about 
getting a order, is. 2d. To Simond Martin for Mendinge 
the Bull, 2s. 6d. For settinge the moure yett and in drinke 
at Will'm Shawes, 2^*. Spent at Thomas watsons when 
we agreed with the Hird for uphouldinge the dike, is. 
Paid to him that went about with us for the Caules {cavells ?) 
4^. Spent at lohn Keenleside when we got money for 
whins, IS. Geven to the hird in drinke when we went to 
vew the moure dike and agreed for makinke them, i^. 
Spent at severall times when we got things set downe, 
IS. 6d. For drivinge the moure, i^. 4^. For makinge the 
moure dike, i6s. For mendinge the moure yet and for 
Nayles and Rayles for it, 3^*. For Scoweringe gills bridge 
and for a Rayle for it, i^. For tow peeces of wood for the 
pinfould and Nayles, 6d. For arrestinge M^ druery to the 
Courte, 2d. Spent that day about that bussenes, 6d. 
Spent upon the bounder day, 8^-. 4^. To Nicholas Pearson 
that day, is. 6d. and in drinke to him, 6d. Spent at 
Will'm weemeses when we recaved for his Cowgate, is. 
For drivinge the Moure, is. 4^. More in drinke for the 
lads one the bounder day, 2s. 

Rec^ in all 7/. is. 6d. — Disburst, 5/. 5^. 2d. Rests in 
our hands, i/. 16^. /\d, 

June the 14^^ 1673. 

It is Ordered Consented Concluded and agreed by and 
with the Consents and Assents of the fower and twenty and 
the Inhabetants of the said street that Every Inhabetant 
there man or woman that at this time haith any Cowes or 
whyes upon the Mower or Coman that they shall pay to 
the said grasmen for every Cow graysing there at this time 



grassmen's accounts. 79 

the sum of sixpence for kepinge the bull and for all that 
shall have any Cowes upon the said Coman twixt this and 
Michaellmas day the said sum and in Case any man or 
woman doe refuse to pay this said sum that we the said 
fower and twenty and inhabetants of the said street will 
keepe harmles the said grasmen of all parson or parsons 
that shall Contend against them wheirunto we have set our 
hands the day and yeare above writen. 

Tho: Emerson, 6*^., 6*^. [Fourteen signatures; six 
write their own names]. 

1674. Grassmen, Thomas Booth and William 
Weames. 

Rec^ of lohn Beelly for 3 gats, 6s. Of M*" lohn Dury 
for parte of his gates, 3^. Rec^ of nighboures .... 
hay by Jug^ the sume of 17^. /\d. For the Bull that we 
soulde, 2/. los. For the Cavells for the moure dike, 7^. 6d. 
Of Ralph Nickolson for oure yeares rent for the longing, 
los. Of Robart Fairfax for parte pelowleazes longing, 2s. 
Of Thomas Bell for the lone and of the pellowleeszes 
longing, 5J. 6rf. Of Christopher Kellsoe for two gates, 4^. 
Of George Banckes for one gate, los. Of William Wilson 
for the longing, 6d. Of Ralph Richardson for tenters, 8d. 
Of lohn Nelson for tenters, 8d. Of Robart Richardson for 
tenters, 8rf. [Other entries]. Rec^ in all, 7/. 15^-. 8j4d. 

Disbursements 1674. — Spent at William Shawes when 
wee greed with him aboute the moure yett, is. Spent 
when we bought the Bull, is. To Ralph Jackson for hay 
that was gote of him, i/. Paid for the hay leading home 
and getting it Jug to them, 7^-. 2d. For grase for the bull, 
2^-. 6d. For uphoulding the dike adjoyning unto the 
Sandes, 2^*. 6d. For driveing the moure, is. ^d. To 
Thomas Browne one serving the bull getting in to his 
Close, i^. 8d. To Thomas Bell for hay at he gave the 
Bull at was his Owne, 12^-. 6d. To George Pearson for 
playing to the mouders, id. To Thomas Bell for keaping 
the Bull, 5^. Spent upon the bounder day, los. Giving 
Nickolas Pearson that day, is. 6d. For driveing the 
moure, is. /\d. To Robart Richardson for a crouke for 
the poundfolde, 6d. [Other entries]. Disburst in all, 
7/. 5^-. ^d. — Rests in our hands, los. ^d. 

* Cf. below, "Getting" it Jug to them." **JUG (from Latin, /ugerum, 
an acre), a common pasture or meadow ( West Country) " — Bailey's Diction- 
ary. Also, **A load, or small load, of hay" — Ditto, 1763. Can it mean 
that the hay was bought and delivered by load? The word in the text 
between •* nig-hboures " and ** hay " has not been deciphered. It may 
perhaps be intended for a proper name* 



8o grassmen's accounts, 

1675. Grassmen, lohn Herrison and Georg Robson. 

Rec^ of Robert Faierfax for one horse gate, 8s. For 
Maudlane Loninge, 10^. For Pellowleesses Loninge, 
5^. 6d. Of lohn Belley for a Cowgate, is. 4^. For the 
Caveles of the mouer dike, 6s. For the Bull, 2/. 3^. 6d. 
Of lohn Nelson for tenter rent, 8d. Of Rob't Richardson 
for tenter rent, 8d. Of William Willson for the Coman 
{common ?) at Cawsfoutt, 6d. Of lohn Belley for one gate, 
IS. 4^. Rec^ in all 4/. 6s. 6d. — Disburst in all, 4/. 6s. gd, 

Disbursments 1675. For Stopinge the water at 

gills Bridge, 6d. Restowed of Robert Coulson when he 
went to vew the yets to see what they did need, 6d. For 
Makinge the dike at gills Bridge, 8d. Spent upon the 
Bounder day, 12s. For seekinge the Bull, is. To 
Nicholas Ladler for the Bull when he Impounded him, is. 
Paid for the Bull, 2/. 2^*. For gras for the Bull, 6d. 
Geven to Peeter Greveson in drinke when he entered upon 
the Bull, 6d. Geven to George Pearson for playinge to 
the Mouders when they mouded the moure, 6d. To 
Nichollas Pearson on the bounder day, is. 6d. Spent 
when we Impounded Robert Faierfax horse, 6d. Geven to 
the birds Lad for helpinge me to get Robert Faierfax 
horse to the fould, id. [Other entries for upholding and 
making dik^Sy mending yttSj ^^c.]. 

1676. Grassmen, Thomas Hugall and Richard 
Hutchinson. 

Receipts, of the usual kind — 2/. 14-s'. 2. 

Disbursements — Paide to Petter Grevson for dicking up 

M*" Wanelise yet at Normouer {North moor?) . To 

Rob. Branttingam for a troueke and a stapel for the 
pounfoueld, 4^. Spent for driveing the mouer, is. 4^. 
Spent upon the bounder day, i6s. 6d. For a hores {horse) 
for the parson, 6d. To Nick : Pearson for playing on the 
bounder day, is. 6d. [Other tisual entries]. Sum, 2/. 13^". 8d. 

June the 4th, 77. — Memorandum that it is Consented 
Concluded and a greed by and with the assents and 
Consents of the Four and twenty that noe man that hath 
any tenters in the Coman Loninge or any man that shall 
sett any their shall after the date hearof but he shall pay to 
the grasmen yearly and every yeare for soe many yeards as 
every man hath their the sum of id. p. yeard and to this we 
have sett our hands heare under written. [Twenty 
signatures ; ten write their own names]. 



grassmen's accounts. 8 1 

1677. Grassmen, lohn Coulson and Robert 
Richardson. 

Receipts, of usiuil kind, 3/. 12s, od. 

Disbursements, Spent when we resaved the ten 
shilling of Will Hunter for maudlane loning, 4^. To 
Petter Grevesson for uphoueld {upholding) mouer dicke, 4-r. 
To Petter Grevesson for makeing the mouer dicke and for 
giell bridge, 12^-. lod. To lohn Foster for leding the 
wood, 7^*. To lohn Coulson for 7 dayes for mending the 
puenfould and maikeing thre (?) yetes and at the woode, 
\os. 6rf. To Rob. Richard son for earring the wood to 
pettington yet and Shirburn yet and in the wood, ^f. To 
Rob. Richardson for a crouke for the punfould, 2d. To 
iPetter Grevesson for maiking the dicke at Will Willson 
shop end and in Poter lo'ing,' is. Spent when we went 
abuet the orderes, is. 6d. To M^ Hadan for his advice, 
IS. 8d. For driveing the mouer, is. 4^. Spent upon the 
bunder daye, i6s. To Nick. Paerson for plaing, is. 4^. 
For a hores for the parson on the bunder daye, 6d. Spent 
when we went to demand the mueny of Edward Denton 
and when we resaved his mouny and mathew Denton his 
mouny, 2s. To mending blind Laine hedge,^ 3d. To 
making water holes for the bees (beasts), is. 6d. To 
mouding the moure, is. 6d. [Other entries], Disburst in 
all — 3/. 14-r. 2. Restest out in our hands, o/. 2S. 2d. 

1678. Grassmen Thomas Watson and William 
Wilson. 

Receipts of the usual kind. 

Disbursements. For stoupes and rayles and nayles for 
Sheerburne yett and pittington yett and takeing up the 
stoupe and settinge it againe and woorkemanshipp, 3^*. grf. 
For scoweringe gills Bridge and findinge a rayle for it, lod. 
For driveing the moure, is. 4^. To Robart Richardson 
which was owne them when they went out of grasmens 
place the last yeare, 2s, 2d, Spent aboute fouldinge 
Will'm Hunters Mayer and in contention about getinge the 
ten shillings for the loninge belonginge to Maudlns, is. 
For scoweringe Maudlen loninge, is. When we recaved 
Thomas Burnapps moneyes and Thomas Bayles and lohn 

' Meaning- perhaps ** Potter's loning'" (or lane\ which may have been 
identical with '* Tinker's (or Tinklers) lane," still so called. See below, 
p. 90, note I. 

' ** Blind Lane," not unfrequently mentioned, has not been identified 
with any existing lane. 

6 



82 grassmen's accounts. 

Millers for their gates, 2S. For a writter for oure yeare, 
2s. 6d. Disburst on the bunderday, i8s. 6d. Disburst at 
Wiirm Shawes, is. 6d. Paid to Nichollas Pearson and 
Thomas Wilson one the bundere day, is. lod. For a 
horse for the parson that day 6d. For a Cap to Sheerburne 
yett and for mendinge it, is. 8d. For driveinge the Moure 

the bounder day, is. 2d. For our accompts, 2^-. 6d. 

Rec^ in all this yeare, 3.9. 10. Disburst in all, 3.6. 11. 

1679. Grassmen, lohn Maston and lohn Maior. 

Receipts, as usual, 5I- 5s* id. No disbursements 
preserved. 

1680. Grassmen, Tho. Readhead and Edward 
Dentton. 

Receipts, as u^ual, including Cawcy foot Loning, 6d. 
Sum, 5/. los. 2d. 

Disbursements. To Peter Grevson for Stoping ye 
water at Gills Bridge, id. For driving the Moor, 6rf. 
When we Rec^ y^ mony of Tho. Gelson Spent, is. td. 
When we Rec^ Tho. Burnops Mony Spent, 6fl?. When 
we Rec^ Tho. Willds mony Spent, 6rf. For our drawing 
our order against Rob't Cornfourth, is. For Bayles fees, 
IS. Sd. For entering y^ Plea, 3^*. For our Aturnays fees, 
IS. 8d. For our Aturnays fees more, is. 8d. For 
Attending y^ Court y® first Court day, 2s. For Attending 
y« Court ye Second Court day, 2^*. For Attending ye 
Court ye 3 Court day, 2^-. Spent upon our Witnesses upon 
that day, 3^*. 8d. In expences in going about Severall 
Times for ye Parish against Robert Cornfourth, 2^-. 6d. 
For driving ye mouer upon ye Bounder day, is. 4^. Upon 
ye Bounder day for meat and Drinke, i/. is. lod. Upon ye 
Bounders to Nicholas Pearson, is. 6d. To david Sharp 
upon ye Bounder day, i^. Spent at Will'm Shaws upon 
ye Bounder day, 6d. Spent at Robt Woods upon ye 
Bounder day, 6d. For Scouring ye venall into ye Blind 
Loning, is. [Other payments of the usual kind]. Sum, 
4/. i8s. 6d. 

November 10, 1680 — It is ordered concluded consented 
and agreed by and with the assents and consents of the 
inhabetents of the street of Gylligate that they all joyn and 
stand firmly bound to keep harmless the grassmen in trying 
sute against Robert Cornfourth and that they shall pay 
every sess and tacsation for ye said grassmen Thomas 
Readhead and Edward Denton which shall be laid on for 



grassmen's accounts. 83 

ye mentaining of y® same sute for breaking our Entercomans' 
upon S^ Cuthbart day being y^ fourth of September and y* 
all we the inhabetents doe freely declare y^ we freely will 
pay every man y^ said sess or tacsation unto y^ said 
grassmen at any time upon demand be it more or less and 
y^ for the better confirming the said order we have all 
hereunto set our hands y® day and year first above written 
Anno domini 1680. 

William Cam Reef 2, &»c., &^c. [Forty^two signatures 
in all; Iwenfy-lwo write their own names]. 

1681. Grassmen, Richard Martin and Thos. Gelson. 
No receipts preserved. 

Disbursements. Spent one oure bouner day at Nicho : 
Ladlares, 14^. 2d. Spent at Tho : Allinson the same day, 
2s. 6d. Given to nicholas person that day, is. 6d. Spent 
one oure bounder day at wilHam Shawes, is. ^d. For 
driveinge the moure one the bounder day, is. 6d. Spent 
when wee lade the ses at Rob : dobsons, 6d. Spent when 
i receved Mical Ladlar silver, is. 6d. For the cawsee at 
Madland lonnen end and stones and sand and worke mand 
shep and drinke for the workeme, il. 4s. id. and of that 
gilbart Snowdan has in his hand for stones, 6s. 8d. 
[Other paym^ents as usual]. Received in all 4/. ^. 8d. 
Desburst — 4I. 12s. lod. Wantinge that wee are out of 
purs, 8^-. 2d. 

1682. Grassmen, George Ewbanke and Mathew 
Denton. 

Receipts for 15 gates, at 2s. and at los. each; also, 
Received of Charles Howard, Esq^, the 17^^ day of Aperrill 
one thousand six hundered eighty and three for two gaits on 
the enter Commans, il. Of Tho : Allinson for Mardland 
{Magdalen) Lo'inge, 13^. 6d. Of lohn Nelson for Tenter- 

' Allusions to ** breaking our Entercommons " on St. Cuthbert's day 
(t.€,i 4th Sept., the feast of his Translation, his principal feast being* 
20th March) occur in 1683 and regularly afterwards. It would seem to 
mean entering the enclosures called ** Town-Fields," in Pellowleases or 
elsewhere, which were subject to commonage during the Winter months. 
See above, p. 40, note 2. St. Cuthbert's Day was eleven days previous to 
September 15th, when, according to the Enclosure Act of 1816, the right of 
commonage in these fields began. 

' He was incumbent of the parish till Sept., 1682, when his burial is 
recorded in the Register. For notice of him see appended list of Curates 
of St. Giles. His peculiar designation as ** Rector" wiU be found alluded 
to in the Introduction, under ** the Parish Church and Living." Surtees, 
in his list of incumbents, erroneously calls him Thomas. 



84 grassmen's accounts. 

ing, 8rf. Of Rob't Richardson for Tentering, 8rf. For 
Kavells of the mower dike, dr. — Rec^ in all — 7/. 18^-. lorf. 

Disbursements, To Tho : Graime for Scouring the 
Gutter into Mardlands Loninge, dd. Spent upon St. 
Cuthbart day for Driving y^ Mower, \s. 6d. When we 
made Searsh through the book, is. For a man at Pitinton 
yet {gate) for his days worke, is. For y^ dike Joyning toy® 
Sands in Alis Leesees, 2^-. 6d, For Scouring A gutter in 
Fellow Leesees Loning, 6d, To lohn Robinson for Pave- 
inge the Cawcy beloing to y® Common Lo'inge, 3^*. To 
Richard Nicholson for Higning {hanging) Shearburn yet, 
IS, /\d. For mending y® Punfold and for two Railes, i^. 
For Driveing y® Mower, is, 6d, Spent when we delivered 
ye wafe mear to y® Baliff, 6d, Paid for 50 mens Dinners one 
the Bounder day, i/. 5s, More in drinke one y® same day, 
i/[s. For bread and Cheese for y® Lads, 4^. 6d, For 
driveing y® Mower on y® Bounder day, i^. 6d, Spent at 
Will'm Shawes y® Same day, 2^-. 8d. More at Rob't 
Woods ye same day, 6d, Spent for Searcheing y® book at 
Severall times forseverall people, 3^*. To Nicholas Pearson 
upon ye Bounder day, i^. 6d, Paid for bread more, 2^. 
[Other payments, as usual, for dikes, yets, scouring Gills 
Bridge, bfc, spent on various occasions, &*c.]. Disburst 
in all, 5/. 12^-. lod, — Rests in our hands, 2/. 6s. 

1683. Grassmen, Anthony Wharton and Edward 
Ridley. 

Receipts, similar to those in 1682, Sum, £^ ijs, 8d, 

Disbursements, For two dailes, 3^. 6rf. To Richard 
Nicholson for a stoop and a sord tree^ and making the yett, 
"js, 6d, And in drinke, is. Paid to Rob't Richardson for 
Iron worke for Shirburn yet, 2^*. 4^. For wood for two 
stiles, IS, 6d, For making ye stiles, is. For three days 
worke about ye yet, 3^. For a man to help him y^ day ye 
yett was Hung, is. Spent upon S^ Cuthbart^ when we 
broke our Enter commons, 2^*. For driveing ye Mower yt 
day, IS, 6d, To Rob't Richardson for Iron worke, is, 6d, 
And in drinke, 6d, To Thomas Grame for Scouring ye 
venall in ye howle way,3 6d, In Charge at ye Court against 

' Swordtree. See Glossary. 

' I.e., St. Cuthbert's day. See above, p. 83, note i. 

3 Cf. below (1685), '< For scouring* the Vennall coming' down the 
Howleway into Mardland Loning," and (1687) ** Scouringe the Vennall 
goinge into Mardland Loninge." The ** Vennall" might apparently have 
been either a narrow passage or a gutter. It seems most commonly to have 
the former sense, as now. £»g;t ^^^ narrow passage between the houses on 



grassmen's accounts. 85 

Edward Denton, . For Scouring Gills bridge and 

makeing y^ Dike about y^ bogg, 2^-. 6rf. For driveing ye 
Mower one y® bounder day, i^. 6d. Spent at Shawes on 
the bounder day, is. 6d, Spent y^ day at Rob't Woods, is. 
For drinke in Pittington loninge from Ravensflat^ one the 
bounder day, 8rf. To Nicolas Pearson one the bounder day, 
IS. 8d, For a horse one y® bounder day for y^ hird, Srf. 
Spent upon bounder day, i/. is. ^d. Spent at Severall 
times for seartching y^ booke, and Seting things down, 
2^-. 6d. \Other usual payments], Disburst in all, 
4/. its, 2d, — Rests due to us, 2^-. 6d, 

1684. Grassmen, Thomas Lang and William 



Receipts for gates, pellalesis and maddellen lonings, 
tenter rents and For Cafels for makeing the moure dike.^ 
Sum, 4/. igs. 4^. 

Disbursements, For skowering out the Duke Pool, 
7^". 6rf. For scowring the venall on the sand twice, 2s. 6d. 
For a cap to Pittington Gate, is. 6d. For scowring out 
Gills Bridge, 4^. gd. Spent when we broke up the Enter 
Commons, is. 6d. For haineing the moor hedge & 
Pittington Lone end, los. For an iron bolt for y^ top of 

Shirburne Gate, is. For a sneck for the said Gate, . 

For 2 dayes heging the moure dike, is, Sd. Spent one the 
bounder day at Robert Woodes, 2s, 6d, Spent at 
William Shawes, is. Spent at Ravensflat, is. 6d. 
Spent in drink on the bounder day, 15^-. 3 pound of 
preanes (prunes) one the bounder day, 6d. P^ George 
Pearson one the bounder day, is. 6d. Spent when 

the north side of Gilligate opposite the Church is still called ** the Vennell." 
But see two entries above (a.d. 1618), " For dressinge (or scouring) the 
common vennell in Raynton Loning-e," where the sense of gfutter seems 
more likely. Also (a.d. 1684), *' scowring the venall on the sand"; and 
(a.d. 1691) **for mending sands hedge and scouringe ye vennell"; and 
especially (a.d. 1692)," for scouring the venal water course on the Mour." 
Where exactly the "Houleway" was is not known. It evidently led into or 
was near '*Mardland {ue.^ Magdalen) loning," which was the lane leading 
out of Gilligate to Magdalen Hospital, where is now the road to the Goods- 
station ; and in a ** Draft Appointment of S. M. Magdalen," among the 
papers left by the Rev. Francis Thompson, " Houleclose " is marked 
among the fields in that small parish, near the now ruined chapel. Can 
the name be a corruption of ** Holy way " ? 

' The farm-house and farm still so called, between the Rainton road, a 
little to the west of Belmont Church, and the old lane, further south, to 
Pittington. 

' The meaning of this entry is obscure. " Cafels " may mean 
Cavels, which seem usually to denote allotments on the Moor (see p. 65, 
note i). Could it be that certain persons had such allotments assigned them 
near the ** Dike," on condition of their maintaining the latter? Cf. below, 
A.D. 1691, " For the Cavels of the moore hedge, 5^. lod,*' 



86 grassmen's accounts. 

we drafe the mower, 2^. For bread and chease, 
3^". 6d. For fetching Christopher Celses hors out in 
madelloning, 2d. For 60 mens diners and the accountes 
makeing up, i/. ^s. ^d. [Other payments for repairs]. 
Sum, ^4 igs, ^d. 

1685. Grassmen, Tho. Robinson and Rob. Johnson. 
Receipts as usual. Sum, £^ i^s. lod. 
Disbursements. For wood for ye Punfold, 2^-. To 

James Coulson for mending y^ Punfold and his drinks and 
nailes, 2^-. 2d. Spent when we did break y^ Entercommons, 
IS. 6d. For the suit against Eadon and Paxton the sum of 
i/. 12S. 6d. For Scouring the Vennall, is. For Searching 
the booke att severall times, 2s. 6d. For Casting a Tranck 
for turning the Carts, is. 6d. For Hedging about Gills 
Bridge, is. 6d. For making the Hedge at Pittington 
Longing end, ^d. For Scouring the Vennall coming 
down the Houleway into Mardland Loning, is. 6d. To 
Thomas Nicolson for Iron work for the Mower yett, i^. 
Spent on them that Scald the mower, 2^-. Giveing to 
musick that day, is. 6d. Spent a bout the Parish business, 
IS. 6d. For making up Marlands Lonings Hedges, is. 6d. 
For driving the mower, is. 6d. For Casting A Pound at 
the low end of the Moure, 2^. 6d. Geven to the Musicke 
one the bounder day, 2^-. For A horse for the parson that 
day, IS. Spent at Will'm Shaws that day, is. Spent 
when we recaved Ralp Lumleys money and upon the parson 
their, 2^. 6d. [Other payments]. Disburst in all, 
5/. dr. $d. Rests due to us to be P^ by the next 
Grasmen, gs. $d. 

1686. Grassmen, Robert Dobson and Robert Jackson. 

[Receipts, as 'usual, for gates, lanes, tenter rent, 
Cavells, andoiM^ Edon and Paxton, 5^.]. 

Disbursements. A new yett for Maudlan lo'inge and 
stoupes for it, 5^. Two Styles for the mower dike, is. 6d. 
Pd at Robart Woods upon the Bounder day, 3^*. 2d. For 
Meat and drinke upon the Bounder day, 10s. In drinke 
and bread to the Lads, 4^. 2d. P^ to the Musicke and 
drummer that day, 3^. For Making the mower dike, il. is. 
Spent when we broke the Entercommons, is. Spent when 
we drave the mower, i^. 6d. For scouring the Vennall, 6d. 
[Other payments of the usual kind]. Rec^ in all, 61. 10s. od. 
Disburst, 4/. i8s. o. Rests due,, i/. 12s. od. 

1687. Grassmen, Peter Grieveson and James Rodham. 
Receipts as usual. 



grassmen's accounts. 87 

Disbursements. For makinge a Staple and a houpe 
for the Pinfold, is. For goinge about Margrat Corbyes 
horse, Spent, 6rf. For breaking the Entercommons, is. 
For drivinge the mower, is. 6d. To lohn Maston for 
dressinge y^ duke powle, vis. To William Willson for 
scouringe the vennall joyninge to Pellowleses Loninge, 
IS. 6d. To William Willson for Scouringe the vennall 
goinge into Marlland Loninge, 6d. For mendinge the 
gaps goinge into Francis Thompsons pasture, is. Sd. For 
a Turnepike joy'inge to Francis Francis Thompson, 3^. 
For a Lock for the Pinfold, i^. For a dale and nailes and 
a forehead for the mower yett, 2^-. 2d. For Scouringe Gills 
bridge, 2s. 6d. For makinge y« hedge about it, is. Spent 
at Shaws and Woods, /[s. iid. For meat upon y^ day at 
Peter Grievson, gs. Given to y® Lads in bread and drinke, 
IS. Given to y^ Drummer and y^ fidlers, 6s. And in 
drinke to them, 6d. Driveing y^ mower, is. 6d. Spent at 
James Rodham's upon ye bounder day, 12^-. gd. [Other 
payments for hedges, &fc., and spent on various occasions]. 
Rec^ in all 61. 14^. od. Disburst in all, 5/. ns. Sd. 

1688. Grassmen, Richard Maugham and George 
Blackelocke. 

Receipts as usual for gates, lonings, &^c., including 
For the Cables, 5^*. 6d.^ and Of M^ Eden & M*" Paxton for 
Averidge, 5^*. — Sum, 61. lys. 

Disbursements. For driving y^ moore at our entry, 
IS. 6d. For breaking y^ entercommons, is. For making 
Gylsbridge when we enterd, 6d. For scouring Gyls- 
bridge pond, 2s, For mending gaps in Thompsons hedge, 
IS. For mending the Moor gate & a new foot stoone, is. 6d. 
To Peter Grievson for wood & mending y^ pinfold, 6^*. 
For a new gate & Iron gear for pittington lane, 13^'. 
For making Maudlan lane hedge & hanging ye gate, gd. 
For scouring y^ gutt where Crts got into y^ moore, 6d. 
For scouring Burdons pond, i^. For making Guils bridge 
hedge, is. For Saddle bridle & Spurs, 7^-. For ye Drum 
& vyolin, 3^. 6d. For Ale one y^ Moore, 5^. For bread 
Chease & drink for y® Children, 4$-. For eighty mens 
Dinners, il. 6s. For drink at Dinner, 13^. For a horse 
for ye Parson, is. For Arresting M^ Emerson & witness 
charge, lod. [Other usual payments]. Disburst, 7/. is. 
id. Out of purs, 4^. id. 

1689. Grassmen, Ralph Richardson and Walter 
Haire. 



88 grassmen's accounts, 

Receipts of the usual kind, but including, Rec^ of 
lohn Haire, Bakhouseman for his two Gates, i/. Of 
Andrew Milner for Chap^i Loning,i 7^^. 6d. Of Wid 
Nickolson for Aleason lane,^ is. For 60 Fother of Whins, 
i/. For W«« Wilson Loning, 6d. Of Rob't Dallavill 
Esq^a for shearbur house whins, los. Sum, 6/. 12^. 6rf. 

Disbursements. For two new stoops tor y« moore, 
IS. 8d. For setting them, ^d. For 2 new Rales for ye 
Pinfold, IS. For Nales For mending y^ Pinfold & work- 
mans wages, 4J. P^ Shaw for keeping Shearburn Lane, 
5^. Mr Smith for letting his men keep Pittington Lane, 
8s. For driving ye moor 2 times, 3^. 6d. Sp* when we 
went 3 times to Rob* Wood & Burdons Hind con- 
sering y® moore hedge, 3s. For scouring Burdons pond, 
6d. For setting a foote stone at Shearburn gate & seting 
ye stoop, IS. For Iron Cotrells for Shearburn gate & a 
new pike, is. 2d. For 2 new Crooks, 2s. 3d. For two 
Crooks when y« first was brok, 3s. For a new Hartree 
& one dayes wage, 2s. 6d. For Altering both stoops, is. 
For a saddle & Bridle, gj. For Counsell when we tried 
sute with Richardson, 3^. 8d. P^ y® Drummer & Violin, 
3^. 6d. Spent when we tryed sute with Richardson, is. 8d. 
For aresting Robt Rickeson & Court fees, lod. P^ for 
drink one y^ bounder day, 15^^. 6d. For bread & Drink 
for y^ boyes, 4$". gd. Sp* when we bought y^ saddle, gd. 
Sp* when we receved money for ye whins, 6d. Sp* when 
we gathered y^ Cavell, 6d. Spent when we sold y® whins, 
6d. Given Robt Johnson for taking a scabb hors from y« 
Common to y^ fels, 6d. [Other payments of the u^ual kind, 
including spent, on receiving mxmey and various other 
occasio7is]. Disburst in all, 6/. igs. lod. 

1690. Grassmen, Danniall Kaye and Robt. Welsh. 

Receipts as usu^l, including, Recevd of Capten Baker 
for Whins to Shearbur house, 6^. 8d. Of M^s Sutton for 
ye winter halfe years Grass, 5^^. Of Eliz. Nicholson for 
Neasoms Laine, $s. For Loning Betwixt M*" New house 
& George Burden, 6d. Of M*" Edon & Paxton for one hors 

' Was "Chapel Loning" the same as "Magdalen Lonine," called so 
from the chapel of the hospital of St Mary Magdalen, the rums of which 
still remain ? 

* Lanes seem now to be called sometimes by the names of persons, 
who may have been in some way connected with them. 

3 Robert Delaval was Vice-Master of Sherbum Hospital. Among the 
records in the keeping of the present Master of the Hospital is a Latin 
document signed by him, 4th Aug., 1682, depriving John Lawes, Thomley 
Brother, for recuhancy and being a convicted papist. 



grassmen's accounts. 89 

fogge, 5^. Of W"» Baker for S^ Magdalen Loning, 4$*. 6flf. 
Rec^ in all 4/. 4 . 10. — P^ in all — ^4/. Ss. id. 
[Disbursements for this year not preserved]. 

1691. Grassmen, W™ Hunter and Richard Hutchin- 
son. 

Receipts, including Rec^ for Tinkers Lane going 
down to ye Ware {Wear)^ is. Rec^ for the Loning 
adjoyning to M*" Newhouses house, 6d. For the Cavels of 
the moore hedge, $s. lod. Of M*" Paxton for a hors grass 
in ye entercommon, 5^. Sum, 3/. igj. iid. Rec«* of M*" 
Hodgion after accomp, 10s. 

Disbursements. For seting ye water out of y® Pellow 
Leazerd's Loning and scouring, is. 6d. For dressing ye 
old scouring in ye Loning, 6d. For driving ye moore, 
IS. 6d. For Breaking ye Entercommons, is. 6d. For 
making ye moore hedge and upholding untill ye Bounder 
day, i/. OS. 6d. For mending sands hedge & scouring ye 
vennell, 2s. 6d. For mending Gilsbridge hedge, is. 6d. 
For ye tree thatt was made into rales for ye Pinfold, 2s. For 
footing ye stoops nailes & workman s wages, 5^. id. For a 
bolt for ye Turnpike and a lock for ye Pinfold, is. 6d. For 
the Person & Clark one ye Bounder day, is. For the 
Bounder dinner & drink, i/. los. For Chease bread & 
drink for ye boyes, gs. For Railes for Gilsbridge hedge, 
6d. [Other usual payments]. Sum, 5/. 5^. yd. 

1692. Grassmen, George Blaclock and W"^ James. 
Receipts as usual, including Rec^ for the loning 

adjoneing of M^ Newhowse, dd. Of M*" Paxton for a horse 
Grasse in the entercomons, 5^. Of Capt. Baker for 
Whins, 5J*. 4^?. Sum, 2I. ibs. 6d. 

Disbursements. Payments of the usual kind, including 
For bread and Chease one ye Bounder day and for Meat 
all together, 12^. For ye person a horse to ride one, is. 
For drink at Elizabeth Robinsons, is. 6d. For ye persons 
drink one ye Bounder day, 6d. To ye drumer and violin, 
3J. For driveing ye mour one ye Bounder day, is. 6d. 
To Christpher Vinson for scouring ye venal water Course 
one ye Mour, 6d. For scouring Madland venall, 6d. — 
Despursments — ^4/. 9s. Outof purss, i/. 12s. 6d. 

Anthony Nelson not p^ his tentur Rent. Robert 
Richardson not p^ his tentur Rent. 

July ye It day in — 93. Rec^ of lohn Browne and Tho^ 
Fosster being Grassmen instant ye sume of i/. los. od. in 
full by me W'" James. 



go grassmen's accounts. 

1693. Grassmen, Thomas Forster and lohn Browne, 
and they are to pay to y^ old Grasmen i/. 12s. 6d, 

Receipts. May 23 — 93 Rec^ of Henry Hutchinson A 
miller ye some of Three pound for his six gates one 
Gilligate moore, 3/. 

July 1693. lohn browne paid for his six gates on 
gilegate moure in the parish of sente giles the som of thre 
poundes. 

uly ye 23 — 93. Rec^ of Will™ Hill in full for six gates 
3/. [Several other receipts for gaX.^s\. Rec^ for Whins of 
Mr Baker, 12^. For 3 years Cavels, los. 2d. Of W»« 
Willson for y^ lane 3 years, is. 6d. Of Rich^ maugham 
for ye common lane, 17^. 6d. For 3 years Rent for Tinkers 
Lane,^ 3^. Of W"™ Hunter jun^ for 3 y" Tenter Rent, 
2s. 6d. Of Nicholas Paxton for 2 y^^ horse grass, los. Of 
Thomas Hutchinson for 2 gates, 4$". {Alia manu) in 
Abraham Allinsons Chamber being ye last of his stint. 

{Alia manu). Mamarandom that lohn simpson stinted 
no more but 3 gats tell after his Fathers dessease. 

May 1696. Thomas foster resaived of lohn simpson 
for three gates on gilegat moure the som of 6s. 

July 1694. Of Willyam broune for six gates of gilegat 
moure, resaived by me lohn browne, 3/. 

September ye 13th — ^. Of Rowland Brown for his 
six gates, 12^. 

December 1694. resaived then of abraham aleson for 
his six gates of gilegate mour the som of twelve shilings 
I say resaived by us grasmen lohn broune and Thomas 
foster by ekewel proporshon, 12^^. 

August 1695. resaived of lohn busbe the som of 2 

poundes ninten shilings sixpence in for his six 

gates on giligat mour I say resaived by me lohn browne, 
2/. igs. 6d. 

May the 12, 1696. Thomas foster resaived of Richart 
mensforth the som of four shilings for 2 gates on gilegat 
moure, as. 

:i. . 

* Tinker's (or Tinkler s) Lane is that which leads down from the South 
side of the street to the river, nearly opposite Bakehouse Lane, and forming 
the Western boundary of the parish on that side. It now seems to have 
had gates to it, and to have been let like other lanes. If it was as 
narrow as now, it could not, one would think, have been of much 
use to any one. But only is. per annum was paid for it, under the name 
in after years of "acknowledgement," which may have been only for 
right of way, the expression in 1696 being " for ye acknowledgement down 
Tmker's loan." 



grassmen's accounts. 91 

July 1694, the 10 day. Resaived of mister baker for 
18 fother of whins, 6^. — October 95. resaived of mister 
baker for 25 fother of whins, 8s. 4^. 

Rec^ of Richard mensforth for 2 gaits, 4$"., being ye 
last of his six gaits by us grasmen Peter Greveson and 
W^ Haire. 

Ino Brown & Tho. Forsters disbursments. 

Pd to W^ & Robert Baker for 4 dayes work, 6^. 8d. 
More pd to W"™ Baker for i day & halfe, is. 3^?. To Robert 
Baker for 4 dayes, 3^. 4^. For A stoope & Cape at 
Sherburn gate, los. To W*" Baker halfe a day, ^d. For 
a heed for y^ moor gate, is. To W"™ Wilson for y^ new 
hedge, i8s. For mending y^ Low hedge, 10s. For A 
plank for y^ Gutter, 2s. P^ Rich. Anderson for 1800 & 
halfe of quicks, 6^-. 4^. EHz. Robinson for Ale, 4s. To 
ye sadler for 2 saddles & Bridle, 13^-. ^d. P^ for a hatt, 
3J. 6d. & gave to y^ boy y^ came second, 6d. P^ about W"* 
Hunters Assize Tryall about his six gate one y^ moore, 
28/. 13^. 4^. In expence one y^ Bounder daye, 8s. For 

mending ye Pinfold & Lock & stapple, . Spent one y* 

bounder day more, 10s. yi. P^ for boyes Drink, 4$-. For 
mending ye moor hedge & driving ye moore, 45". 3^?. For 
ye Persons horse & Clarks, 2s. For breaking ye Enter- 
commons 2 Times, 3^. For making my Accomptes & 
Writing for me, 5^. For making a hoope & pike for 
Shearburn gate & for mending ye gate & mending Pittington 
gate, 45'. 7flf. For keeping ye Sands hedg in repaire 3 
years, 7^. 6rf. P^ at the Charg of Two bounders for drink, 
9^. 2d. For Gilsbridge boge mending & 2 rales, \s. 6d. 
Spent in Collecting Cavels & receiving small somes, 2s. 9^. 
Spent when I went to get my notes made, 6d. For making 
our Accompts, 2s. 6d. [Other entries of usual kind]. 

Received in all, 23/. os. 2d. Rec^ by bond 9/. o . o. 

1696. Grassmen, Thomas Forster and Thomas 
Hutchinson. 

Disbursements of the usual kind, including — To lo'^ 
Coulson for mending ye Pinfold broken by Henry Wanles 
& for Iron work & mending ye blind Loaning gate, 6rf. 
For Repairing Pitting gate, with a new sheath & a head, 
3^. Spent about Letting & paying ye workmen for 
breaking ye moore hedges, is. For a horse for ye Person 
& for his dinner, 3^*. 6^. To ye drimmer & to Nicholas 
Peirson, is. 6d. Spent at Margery Allinson in drinke & 
bread for ye Boys & some of ye Inhabitants, 3^. id. Spent 



92 grassmen's accounts. 

at Nicholas Sparker in drink & bread amongst y^ Boys = 
with diverse of y^ Inhabitants, 7^. P^ for ye Halt (halter) 
& y« Sadie, 7^^. For mending Pittington gate was broken 
by Mr Shaws servants, is. 

Disburst In all, 3/. i is. yd. 

Receipts of the usual kind, including — Received of M^ 
Baker for Whins, 5^. Of M*" Paxton for a horse eatage 
for ye last year, 5^. Of Martin Nicholson for ye 
acknowledgement down Tinkers Loan, \s. 

Received In all, 2/. 13J. 10. — Rest due to me, 
1 7 J. 3rf. 

1697. Grassmen, Thomas Lowther and lohn Martin. 

Disbursements include — Paid Last Martinmas for 
mending ye more hedge, 2S. 6d. More paid for making the 
moore hedge this spring, i/. is. Spent when we gathered 
In the Cavels, yi. Spent when we Skaled the Moore, qd. 
Spent when we drave the moore, is. 6d. Paid for the 
p'sons dinner and horse to ride the bounders on, 3^. 6d. 
Paid the drummer, is. 6d. Spent with severall neighbours 
on the bounder day, 2s. 6d. Paid at Simond Litefouts for 
drink on the bounder day, 6s. Paid for on Saddle on the 
bounder day, 6s. — Disbursed this yeare, 2/. i8s. 6d. 

Receipts include — We Receved att our Entrance 
nothing. Rec<* of Martin Nicholson for Tinckler Laine, is. 
For the Cavels, $s. 6d. Of M*" Baker for 13 load of Whins, 
4$". 4^?. — Rec^ this year, 2/. ^. 10. — Due to us, 13J. 8rf. 

1698. Grassmen, Rowland Brown and Henry 
Robinson. And they payed to lohn martin & Tho. Lowther 
1 3 J. 4^?. 

Receipts include — Received of Rob't Cornforth for not 
breaking ye peice of Enter Common y^ George Wilkinson 
hath a garden in at ye Top of his close & before ye Court & 
CoUenell Tempest^ he did agree y^ upon nonpayment the 

' I.e,, William Tempest, of Old Durham, bapt. 1653 (See *' Register"), 
bur. at St. Giles 1699 — 1700. He was the son of John, the first possessor. 
The question before the manorial court seems to have been thus : — Robert 
Cornforth had a close which was subject to '' Entercommon " in the winter 
months. He had allowed George Wilkinson to make, and fence, a garden 
at the top of it, rendering that part unavailable as common pasture. He 
is required by the court to pay an acknowledgement, or break the garden 
up. It appears below that he elected to pay, for we find in 1689, " Of 
Robert Cornfourth for his acknowledgment for not breaking his garth 
above his Cloase, ^d" A similar acknowledgement appears in 1704 as paid 
by " the Shewmakers," for having grown corn at the head of their close. 
Tjie Mr. John Tempest mentioned below was probably his son, who 
succeeded him, and who contested his manorial rights in the parish. 
See below. 



grassmen's accounts. 93 

parish is to break it up, 6rf. Rec^ of Rich^ Maugham for 
Blind Loning which we lett him ye 12 day of June for 
5^. (?) & now being eaten with scabd Horses he hath only 
paid us, 2^. 6d. 

We agree y* y^ Grassmen shall be reimburst their 
Charges or stand an other year. Richard Maugham, 

his mark 
Anthony X Pobson. 

Disbursements. Paid for y^ repairing ye moor Hedges 
in summer, i/. is. Paid Tho. Lowther & lohn Martin, 
13^*. 4^. Spent at receiving the moneyes, 2s. 6d. For 
mending y^ Pinfold & Rales, lor. 6d. For y^ Bounder 
Dinner, i/. lor. Paid David Sharp for Druming, is. 6d. 
Paid ye vyalin, is. For Repairing ye Hedges in Summer, 
4$-. For Repairing ye Hedge adjoyning to Robt Hixon yt 
at Michalmas Court M^ lohn Tempest Amarsed us for, 
2^-. 6d. For scouring Gils bridge Gutter, ^s. For making 
Gils Bridg Hedge, is. Spent when we mouded ye more, 
gd. Spent with neighbours one ye Bounder day, 2s. 6d. 
Spent at Simond Light footes, 2^-. For driving ye moor 3 
times. For driving ye moor Two times to vew scabd 
Horses, 3^. For A Saddle one ye Bounder day & 
Furniture, 8s. 6d. Given ye Lasses with ye Garling,' is. 
Paid for ye Persons horse one ye Bounder day, is. For 
mending Shearburn gate & ye Blind Loning Gat, 5^. For 
2 new stapples & one hesp, 6d. Paid for searching ye 
books about Stents, is. Spent at making up our accomps, 
IS. For Writing our Accompts. For making Blind 
Lonyng Hedge, 6d. Spent when we received Hastans 5^., 
6d. Spent when we received Fandons los., 6d. Spent when 
we gatherd ye Cavells, 6d. Paid for the Person one ye 
Bounder day, 2^. Paid Robert Johnson Se^r (senior) for 
keeping Sands Hedge, 2^. 6d. 

Rec^ in all 4/. i^. 6d. — Disburst in all, 61. iis. id. — 
Rest due to us, i/. i6s. id. [JV.B. — The disbursements 
this year have been transcribed infuU\. 

Whereas the many Whins that Grow on Gilesgate 
moor doe very much Damnify ye same. We the foure & 
Twenty of ye Parish of S^ Giles doe Order & fully Agree 
that from henceforth All & every person qualifyed to stint 
ye s^ Moor shall pay Threepence per Gate yearly for each 
Gate they shall stint to ye Grassmen for the yeare being, for 

' First mention of the "Garlingr," f.^., garland. See Preface, on 
*• Bounder Day," p. 5. 



94 grassmen's accounts. 

stubing ye s^ Moor for y^ Improvement of y^ same. And 
further it is hereby Ordered by us y^ s^ Foure & Twenty 
that ye s«* Grassmen shall have full Power to Impound the 
Goods of all such as Refuse to Pay y^ s^ yi. per Gate. As 
Wittness our Hands this Eleventh Day of June in y^ yeare 
of our Lord God 1700. 

his mark 
Ralph Maire. William X Hill. lohn Martin. 

1699. Grassmen, Henry Parkeson and William 
Fawdon. 

Imp. May 7, 1700, Rec^ of lohn Atteshon for 6 gates 
being in behalf of his wife, 12s. Of George Hastines for a 
fogg gate, 5J. Rec^ of them which stented y^ moor at dd, p. 
house, i/. 2s. Of Robert Shafty for 6 fudder of whines, 2^. 
Of Robert Cornfourth for his acknowledgment for not 
breaking his garth above his Cloase, 6rf. Of M*" George 
Dickson for one fudder of whines, 4^?. \Other receipts for 
gates and the common lane]. Rec^ of Rob^^ Maugham in 
behalf of His wife for his wife hath p<^ for four gates & he 
hath p«* onely for 2 gates which is ye last of his 6 gates, 4$". 
Received in all, 2/. 19^. 4^. — Disburst in all 3/. \s. id. — 
Rests due to us, is. gd. 

Disbursements. Paid David Sharp for Druming, 
2S. 6d. Paid y« violine, is. Spent when we measured y« 
moor hedg, is. j^d. Spent when we breake y^ Enter- 
commons, IS. 6d. Spent when we search y® book 3 times, 
IS. 6d. Spent with lohn Coulson for going to vew ye 
gates, IS. Paid to two workemen one day for mend ye heclg 
adjoyning to Robert Hickson in winter and gaps, 2^. Spent 
when we went to Collect ye Sess for ye moor hedg, 6d. 
Spent at Simond Lightfoots one ye Bounder day, 2s. 6d. 
Given to ye Children one ye Bounder day in drink, is. 6d. 
More given ye Lasses with their Garlines one ye Bounder 
day, IS. Paid for ye Parson for meat and drink on ye 
Bounder day, 2s. P^ for David Sharp & Walter Hair on 
ye Bounder day, 6d. P^ 4^. for ye Lads bread Given on ye 
Bounder day, 4^. Spent when we went to meet ye 24 about 
ye 6d. order^ & spent at Receiving W"* Maughams money, 
6d. Spent when we went to demand ye money of Elizabeth 
welsh for ye whines with some neighbours which were 
there, 6d. [Other ustuil payments]. 

1700. Grassmen, Anthony Dobson and lohn Martin. 

' See order of year 1686, entered on psige 95. 



grassmen's accounts. 95 

There follow here a few memoranda of receipts for gates, 
&*c., this year : but the accounts for the year are found 
entered afterwards in what appears to have been a new book 
procured this year, but now bound up in one volume with the 
foregoing. See next page. Next comes a list of'js names, 
with sums varying from ^d. to 4s. opposite each ; but with no 
intimation of their purpose. Then as follows — 

Pd towards the suit Concerning William Watson 
agreed by the four and twentie. Below this heading 
there is a list of 22 names, with similar sums opposite them. 
Of this list the former one may be a continuation, displaced 
in the bound volume. Then came the following memoranda, 
referring, as will be seen, to former years. 

October 22^*^^ 1685. 

Memorandum that it is concluded consented & 
agreed by the assent and Consent of y^ fower antwenty 
and all y^ rest of y« inhabitants of y^ street of Gilligate y^ 
we will save and keep harmless our Grassmen that is 
Rob't Johnson and Thomas Robinson in trying of a Suit 
against Edward Eadon and Nicolas Paxton Junior in y^ 
behalf and right of our Entercommons and in defence of y® 
Grassmen in doeing their office. Further it {is) concluded 
and agreed that if their be any need for moneys to try this 
suit that ye fower antwenty upon demand of y^ s^ grassmen 
shall lay a Sess as much as shall Clear y^ Charges of y^ s^ 
suit and to be Collected and levyed by y^ s^ Grassmen and 
we the inhabitants do declare that if any man assessed do 
refuse to pay that he shall be suied forthwith and we y« s^ 
inhabitants will save and keep harmless y« s^ grassmen 
where unto we have sett our hands y^ day and year above 
written. [This is followed by ten signatures, eight of the 
signers writing their own names]. 

Aprill 6, (1686). 

Memorandum y^ it is Concluded Consented & agreed 
by y« assent & Consent of y^ fower & twenty & all y^ rest 
of ye inhabitants of y^ street of Gilligate y^ every inhabitant 
which stints in y^ Common pasture shall send a mowder to 
scayle y® s^ Common pasture ; or otherwise shall pay 
sixpence when y^ Grassemen shall give notice, & if any 
refuse to send or pay y^ Grassemen shall sue them to the 
Lords Court, or fold their goods, & the fower & twenty to 
keepe y^ Grassemen indempnified. Witness our hands y^ 
day & yeare above writen, [Ten signatures; five write their 
own names]. 



96 grassmen's accounts. 

This Booke was Bought by Iohn Martin & 
Antho Dobson Grassmen for ye parish of S^ Gyles 
Anno Dom. 1700. 



Whereas the many Whins that groweth on Gilligate 
Moor (or stainted Pasture) do very much damnifie the said 
moor or Pasture, We the Twenty four and y^ rest of y® 
inhabitants free of the same moor or Pasture by a Generall 
Consent & Assent do order & fully agree that from the day 
of the date under named all and every person qualified to 
stint the said moor or Pasture shall pay Three pence per 
gate yearly for each Gate they shall stint. And it is 
further agreed that if any Forraner or Freeborn Come to 
stint our said moore or pasture that they shall pay y^ said 
sum of Threepence per gate so soon as they stint To the 
Grassmen Chosen for that year and the stints so Collected 
to be employed for y^ stubing of y« s^ moor & for y® 
improvement of the same. And further it is ordered by us 
whose hands are underwritten That We the said Twenty 
four & parishioners doe hereby oblage ourselves to defray 
any Charge or Charges the said Grassmen shall be putto 
in impounding the goods of those that are obstinate & 
refuse to pay. Given under our hands this Eleventh day of 
June Anno Dom. 1700. 

Twenty Four and inhabitants that do stint. 

[Forfy^ix signatures; tuoenty-^ight write their cram 
names], 

lily y^ 27*^, 1 70 1. 

~^e ye four and Twenty & y^ Inhabitants of y® Street 
of S^ Giles's who are free of y^ Stinted pasture Call'd 
Gilligate Moor, by our generall assent & Consent — ^and for 
ye better and more sure Testimony to our succeeding 
Generations, have ordered and Unanimously agreed y^ all 
these present Inhabitants, or who hereafter shall Come to 
inhabit in our s^ Street — not booked as Stinters, or y^ have 
not paid for his or their Gates on our stinted Pasture 
call'd Gilligate Moor, shall have no right there without 
paying to us or our Grassmen for y« time being Six pounds 
in hand for their six Gates, Excepting such as have served 
their Apprentiships in y^ said Street or are otherwise 
qualified by their Birthright &c. Such to pay twelve 
shillings. 

Mem. Those Strangers or foreigners having a house 
left or buying one (living in our s^ Street) to pay three 
pounds for their freedom for their six gates, as heretofore. 



Jul 
W( 



grassmen's accounts. 97 

Mem. We further agree y^ no Child or Children now 
borne or y^ hereafter shall be borne in ye s^ Street of 
S^ Giles's by Strangers (their parents not being free on y« 
s^ Moor nor pay'd for their Gates shall have Liberty to 
Stint ye s^ Moor but upon y^ Terms above mentioned for 
Strangers. Witness our Hands. [Thirty^ight signatures; 
twenty 'two write their own names]. 

January y« i6, 1701 — Rec^ of Ralph Robinson In full 
for his six gates on gilligate moor ye sum of 3/. Rec^ by 
us grasmen ; lohn Martin, Anthony Dobson. 

Aprill ye 25, 1702 — Rec^ of thomas Nicolson for 3 
gates, 6$-. 

May ye 10, 1702 — Rec^ then of anthony Burdon In 
full for his six gates on gilligate moor ye sum of three 
Pounds. 

Rec^ by us gTdLs{men) ; his 

lohn Martin ; Anthony X Dobson Sen*". 

Test. W"* Dunn. mark 

Grassmen for ye year 1700, Antho. Dobson & lohn 
Martin. [Receipts include nothing unusual]. 

Disbursements include — P^ W'm Wilson for stub- 
ing 7 Acres & 3 Ropes, 2/. 7^. P^ W*m Wilkinson for 
stubing I Acre, 6^. For four Rubing soups' for 
ye moor, 3^. 4^?. For a horse and cart 3 dayes Leading 
manner {manure), 3s. 4^. P^ W'm Wilson for scouring 
at Gils & Normour Bogg, 3J. 8d. For making ye hedge 
at Gils Bridge, is. Spent when I let ye 2 Common Lanes, 
IS. 6d. When I went to M*" Smith & M^ Salvin about 
ye order, is. 6d. For a new booke to place our Accompt 
in, 3^. For 3 rales for ye Pinfold A Crook & loop nailes 
& wages, 3^. 8d. For A lock for ye Pinfold, is. Given 
in Ale when I lagreed for ye hedge one ye moore, is. 
Spent when I came about ye street to get ye order sygnd, 
2s. Spent when I agreed with Wil'm Wilkinson to stubb 
to ye Windmill, is. Spent about ye parish business in 
going about our orders, 9^. gd. P^ for ye Persons Horse 
one ye Bounder day & his Clubb, 2^. P^ ye drum & 
vialinns, 5^. 6d. Spent one ye Bounder day at Simond 
Light footes, 3^. ^d. Given ye Girles y* had ye Garlands, 
IS. 6d. Given in Drink to ye boyes & Girles & Brad & 
Chease, 4$-. P^ for A Saddle, los. For A hatt, 3^. For 
ye Bounder Dinner, i/. 19^. gd. 

' /.tf., Posts for the cattle to nib themselves against. Cyi above, 
** stoups for the bees (beasts) to rub on." 

7 



98 grassmen's accounts. 

Memorandum that Robt maugham took pellewleases 
Loning & is not to eat or cutt y« same after Ladyday 

which shall be in y« year 1702 : as Witness my hand 

price 6s. 

Item Ino Davinson tooke y« Lane caled magdalens y« 
9*^ of June & is to give it up from Eating & Cuting yc 25^ 
of March in y^ year of our Lord 1702 price 5^. 

1 70 1. Grassmen Antho. Dobson & Ino. Martin. The 
parish was indebted to them the sum of 3/. 12^. gd. 

Receipts for gates and lanes, including Rec^ of W«* 
Wilson for his Lane adjoyning to his yard, 6^?., amount to 
7/. 3^. 6d. 

Disburst 5/. gj. 4. Due to me y^ Last year 
3/. \2s. grf. — Rests due to me, 2/. \s. id. 

Disbursements include-^P^ Rich^^ Martin for dresing 
& scouring Gyls bridge Gutter, 8s* Spent when we 
measured y^ Stubing, is. 6d. Spent when we received 
Ralph Robinsons money y* is p^, 3^^. od. Spent when 
we received Antho. Burdens moneyes, 3^. ^d. Spent at 
breaking yc enter Commons & about Cornfoths peice, 3^. 
Paid for drawing y^ new Whins & spent, 8^. 6d. Spent 
when we mouded y« moore burnt y« ofFall whins 2 times, 
3^. Spent at Simond Light foots one y« bounder day, 4$". 
Given to y^ Girle y* had y« Garland, is. 6d. Paid for y« 
Persons horse to ride y« bounders, is. Paid for y« 
Persons Ale in Company one y« Bonder day, is. Paid 
y« Drummer, 2s. 6d. Paid y*^ vyaline, is. 6d. Paid for 
Ale for y« Person Drummer & Vyaline one y« bounder 
day in y^ morning, is. 6d. Given to y« boyes {and) Gyrls 
in bread & drink, 3^^. 6rf. Paid for y^ Persons Dinner, 
2s. 6d. Paid for a Chese 2^. 6d. & Bread is. 6, 4s. Paid 
for mending ye Pinfold, Pitingtongate a new, & Shearbur 
gate a new, i6s. 6d. Paid for Antho. Dobson & lohn 
martins Drinke one y® bounder day, 2^^. — Disburst this 
year, 5/. lis. 4//. — Rest due last yeare, 3/. 12s. gd. — 
Rec<* this year, 7/. 3^. 6d. — Rest due to me, 2/. is. id. 

Cavels unpaid. — Simond Swalwell, 2 : Ann Nichol- 
son, 2 : Edw'd Ridley, 2 : George Blaclock, 2. — Tot. 8d. 

May ye 28^ 1705. — Widow Dodshon excused by ten 
votes against four from paying ye Rent of y® Common 
Lane for this year. 

his mark 
test. W«» Dunn : Antho. X Greivson : Ralph Maire. 



grassmen's accounts. 99 

[No accounts remain for i'jf02 and //oj]. 

1704. Grassmen, lohn Davison & W™ Wilkinson. 
Recevd of Martin Nicholson for tinar {tinker's) lane, 

IS, Recevd of the shewmakers^ for an acknowlidgment on 
the heade of Corn for the close head, 6d. Rec^^ for y^ 
cavels, dr. Of lohn Davison for Magdalen lane, 5^. Of 
Judith James Tenter Rent, 3^. Of Rowland Brown for 
Tenter Rent, is. For the Lane at Causey foote, 6rf. 
[Other entries.] Rec^ in all, 5/. 4$". 2d. — Disburst in all, 
5/. 3^. lod. — Rest in our hand, 4^. 

Disbursements include — For mendin the peenfould at 
oure enterance for wood & nales & workmanship, 2j. 6d. 
Spent when we got the books of lohn Martin, 6d. For 
scouring the gutter in pellowlis lonin, td. Spent when 
we drave y® more one y^ bounder day, is. 6d. Spent 
when we drave y^ moor about over stents, is. 6d. Given 
ye Two Garlings, 2^. P^ ye Drummer, 2s. 6d. Spent at 
Simon Light footes, 6s. 3d. For A Bounder Dinner for 43 
men, i/. 4$-. yd. P^ for Ale & bread & chese for ye boyes 
& Girls, 4^. 6d. P^ for ye Persons horse one ye Bounder 
day, IS. P^ for ye persons Clubb in Ale, 6d. For making 
ye Blind Loning hedge, 6d. For mending ye hedge about 
pryars Stable, & scouring ye Gutter, is. For stubing 
Whins & drawing whins, 3^. ^d. Spent on ye Bounder 
day after Dinner, 2^. Given ye Drummer in Ale, 3d. 
Pd for daring ye stubing 4. Receed in all 5/. 4-^. 2d. 

Mem«* that W™ Wilson shall Receive one shilling 
due for Stubbing. Witness our hands [fourteen signatures; 
twelve write their own names]. 

1705. Grassmen, lohn Simpson & Ralph -Robinson. 
Receed for stubing by 3d. p gate, 2/. Ss. 6d. Rec*^ 

for lohn RawHng whins, 8d. Receed for Whins to Shear- 
burn house, 8s. a by fother of whins, 4^?. Receed of 
Thomas Cummin the summ of six pounds in full of A 
new order for his six gates & he having but four Gates 
desygnd to stint we Lend him Two pounds of ye six by 
order of ye Twenty four & Stenters untill he stent a fiftn 
Gate at which Stint he promiseth to pay ye Two pound Lent 



' See above, p. 92, note i. One of the Companies of the City 
of Durham was that of ** Cordwainers." They seem, as abovesaid, to have 
owned a close which was one of the ''Town Fields " of St. Giles, and as 
such subject to commonage. In Forster's Map of the City of Durham 
(1754) a field East of ** Tinkler's Lane" is marked as ** Close belonging- to 
the Cordwainers' Company." 



loo grassmen's accounts. 

we say receed four & Lent Two by us Grasmen, lohn 
Simpson & Ralph Robinson. Witnesses hereof: [four 
signatures]. Other receipts for lanes and cavels, ending 
with — Magdalen Lane Voyde by Scabd horses. 
Rec^ in all, 9/. i6s, 4^. 

Disbursements. Paid for stubing 5 Acress of Whins, 
i/. i&f. 6d. For drawing the Young Whins, Ss. yi. For 
stubing 3 Acress, i/. \s. od. For stubing one Acre, 7^. 3^?. 
pd W"^ Baker for 2 dayes Stubing, is. 6d. P^ him for 
five yards of morter wall for y« pinfold, gj. g^rf. Spent 
at 2 times Dressing y^ Stubing 2 times measuring the 
stubing 2 times mouding ye moor & 2 times burning y^ 
Whin's, gs. 6d. For y« Turn Pike, 2s. Spent when we 
gatherd 3d. p. gate, 2^. 6d. Given Rob't Eliot in Ale, ^d. 
For nailes for y« Pinfold & mending it, yd. Spent about 
geting y« order for manner (manure) at 3 times,' 3^^. P^ 
Ellioner Lawson for 4 dayes of scaling, is. ^d. P^ Robt. 
Ellet for dressing & scaling y^ burnt heaps, 3s. 6d. 
Spent when we met y^ Showmakers about y« parish 
Right, 6d.^ For a hatt for ye boyes, 2^^. For driving y« 
moor for scabd horses & overstents at 2 times, 3^. P^ 
for bread & Ale for y« boyes & Drummer, 2s. jd. Paid 
our Clubb at Dinner, 6d. P^ for a bounder Dinner, 
15^. gd. pd y« Drummer, 2^. 6d. For y^ 2 persons Club 
& Clarke, 3 is. 6d. For 2 horses for y« persons, is. 6d. 
Lent to Thomas Cumin, 2/. For Leading 4 Cart Load 
of manner for Wellby Hare, is. For 4 Cart Load of 
manner for Matt Renton, is. Spent when we let y« 
Stubing, IS. Spent when we Collected for y® Cavell, 
2^^. id. Spent when we agred for Leading manner, 
IS. lod. Spent at severall meetings about y^ orders, 
2s. 6d. [Other entries of the usual kind]. 

Disburst in all, ill. 3s. id. qr. Rest due to us, 

1 1. 3 J. 9 qrd. 

May y« 13^^ 1706. These seen & Allowed y« above 
s^ Acc^ by us [Eight signatures; six write their own 
names]. 

Memd That Judith James is to pay to y* Grassmen 
of S^ Giles his Parish for her Tenters in y^ Common Lane 
in Pellow Leazes for y^ year 1706, 2s. 

> See below, p. 102, for the Order referred to. 
' See above, p. 99, note i. 

3 We observe that this year two " persons " {parsons) are provided for, 
as well as the Parish Clerk. 



grassmen's accounts, ioi 

1706. Grassmen, lohn Simpson & Ralph Robeson. 

Variotis receipts for gates, tenter rents, whins, &^c., 
including — Rec^ for Whines to Shurben house, 4^*. 4^?. 
Aperell y^ 22, 1707, Rec^ then of lohn Hewert for his six 
gates on oure stinted paster In y^ Right of his wife by us 
grasmen, 12^. Rec^ then of William Roads for 2 gates on 
oure paster one pound by us grasmen, foure gates wass 
pd for before by his wifes first husband, i/. Rec«* for 
Whens to Shurborne house, 6^*. Rec^ at thre pence p, 
gate, 2J. 3^?, May y^ 22^^ 1707 ; Rec^ then of Anthony 
Allenson for six gates of our Stinted Pasture Gilesgate 
Moor he being born in y^ Parish, 12s, {The same of 
Thomas Snowdon]. Rec^ of y"^ y^ run for y^ saddel, 2s, 
Rec^ of Richard Maugham for y^ lane at y^ Cassefut, 6d. 
Rec^ of Mr Whittingam for whins, 4r. ^d. — Rec^ in 
all, 9/. los. 2d. 

Disbursements, P«^ Simond Lightfoot for keping 
Sherburn gate 1705, 2s. 6. P^ him for y® same 1706, 
2s. 6d. For drawing 15 Acres of Young Whins, lor. 
For drawing 22 Acres of Young Whins, i^. 8d. Spent at 
mouding y^ moor 2 dayes, 3^*. For a new gate for 
magdalen Lane, is. Given y® Labourers in stubing, lod. 
Spent at lohn Martins about proving y^ mare to be 
Mr Lambs, is. For scaling y^ manure over y^ moor, is. 
Pd our Arrears, i/. 3^. gd. Spent at Collecting 3^. p. 
gate, 3^". id. Spent in Collecting y^ Cavell, is. gd. Spent 
about ye old by Lawe & search, i id. Spent about going 
to Shearburn house for y^ parish mony 4 times, is. id. 
For 5 Summonses to y® Court, lod. P^ lohn Riply in 
proofe to all the Action, is. P^ in Suppeny {Subpoena) 
& Charge of our Witness, is. 2d. For a stoope for y« 
Cows to Robb one, is. For y^ Bounder Dinner, i6s. 
For Bread and drink for y^ boyes, 2s. 6d. P^ y* Drummer, 
2s. 6d. Pd ye Garlands, is. 6d. For a saddle for y® 
Course, 8^. For ye persons horse, is. For ye Clarks 
mare, 6d.^ P^ ye persons Clubb at Dinner, 6d. P^ for ye 
Drummers Ale, 3d. For Tobbacker & pipes, gd.^ Spent 
upon ye Person & Clark after bunder diner, is. 6d. To 
Ino. Miller for Ale at ye high Stoope, 2s. i}4d. P^ in 

private expence when absent, [ms entry erased]. P^ 

for Stenters that came & did not pay their due in ye 
Reckoning, is. P^ Robert Ellet for stubing 3 Acres of 

' Observe here the commendable distinction between parson and clerk 
with regard to the cost of the steeds provided for them to ride. 
' The first allusion to smoking-. 



I02 grassmen's accounts. 

Whins, i/. IS. Spent at making this accompt, is, P^ 
for making our accompts, 2s. 6d. [Other entries . Disburst 
in all, 9/. 9^. 6d. — Rest in our hands, 7J^flf. 

June y^ 2^, 1707. Then seen & Allowed this Account 
by us [Thirteen signatures ; all but one write their own 
names]. 

Whereas lohn Simpson & Ralph Robinson Grasmen 
for the street of S^ Gyles by order of the Twenty four and 
the rest of the stenters on Gilligate moor or stinted pasture 
have stubed severall Acres of Whins on the said more 
or stinted pasture We the Twenty four and the rest of the 
stinters unanimously agree to Give for every Stint we keep 
one y« said moor or pasture a Large Cart Load of manure 
Commonly caled a Water Cart or four pence a Cart for 
buying every Cart for every Stint we have to the said lohn 
Simpson & Ralph Robinson & their Successors Grasmen 
from year to year. And we further agree to pay all & all 
manner of Charge that the Grasmen shall be at in Leading 
& Scaling the said Cart Loads of manure and we 
unanimously agree to pay all & all manner of Charge 
expended by y« said Grasmen or their successors Grasmen 
for the time being that they shall be att in Collecting the 
said severall sums for every Gate of all & Singuler the 
stinters. And upon Refusall of any Stinter or Stinters to 
pay according to their equall proportion as they stint to 
impound y^ Goods of the party neglecting to pay either the 
four pence a Cart Load for every Cart Load of manner for 
every Gate or for not paying their Assessment for Leading 
& scaling y© manner. And for y^ better encoraging the 
Grasmen aforenamed & their successors in the improvement 
of our said moor or stented pasture We fully & absolutely 
agree to keep harmless the said Grasmen & their Successors 
from any Charge or Charges they shall be att by reason of 
any Sute or Sutes that may happen by y« impounding y® 
Goods of y^ refusers to pay as aforesaid. 

And further we agree that no Grasmen that now is or 
hereafter shall be shall expend any monyes one y« Bounder 
day Commonly cald Holy thursday without our Bounders 
at y« stinters Charge. 

And Likewise we agree that no Grasman hereafter 
shall be Allowed above sixteen shillings for Bread meet 
and Drink & all other Charge one y® Bounder day for y« 
Dinner. Given under our hands this Tenth day of 
September Anno Dom. 1705. [Forfy-five signatures; 
twenty^ne write their own names]. 



grassmen's accounts. 103 

1707. Grassmen, Thomas Hastans & W"* Brown. 
Receipts include — Rec<i for yi. p gate, 2/. ^s. Rec^ 

for ye Cavels for ye more hedge, 7^^. 11. Rec^ in all 

6/. 1 3 J. 4^. 

Disbursements include — For stubing the young 
Whins, i/. los. To Robart Ellet for Casting for water at 
priers stabel, \s. 4^. Paed the Drumer for druming and 
given him in aell, 3^*. Paed to William Wilson and 
Edward Ridle for mending the Clay wall in the pondfould, 
\s. ^. For the persins Hors on the bound day and his 
club, IS. 6d, Given to the 2 Garlings, 2s. To the boyes 
and gerels for bread and alle, is. 6d. For Collecting the 
3d. per gate and the Cavels, 4$*. 6d. For our bound Diner, 
i6s. To ye dikers for making the mour dike and prier 
stabel hedg and gils bridg hedg, i/. os. lod. To lohn 
Milner for aell and bread in the mour on y® bound day, 
3^. 6d. Disburst in all, 5/. 12^*. 4^/. 

Agreed with Rob't Ellett for stubing 3 Ackers of Whins 
one y« moor at 7^". p. Acker, i/. is. 

1708. Grassmen, William Brown & Thomas Hastings. 
Receipts include — Rec^ of William Ayre of pettenton 

hallgarth for 19 fother of whins, dr. 4^. [Other receipts for 
whins at the same rate]. Rec<* of William Lasenbe in part 
of his six pound and hath given his bill to pay the other 
pound to the next Grasmen he did pay 3/. the first year and 
one pound the next year, i/. — Rec<* in all, 7/. 7^. 6d. 

Disbursements include — Paed to Robart Ellet for 
draying {drawing) the young Whins, i/. To Robart 
Ellet for stubing there (three) Akers of whins, i/. is. 
Spent when we meshered the 3 akers of stubing, is. Spent 
with William fawden and Robart Ellet when they Leed out 
the maner on the mour at michelmes, (yd. For the persons 
Hors on the bounder day, is. Spent at Simon Lightfouts 
on the bounder day, 2s. Given to the person in the 
Low (lieu) of his bounder diner, 2s. 6d. Paed the drumer 
on the bounder day for druming, 2s. 6d. Paed to Walter 
Hair on the bounder day, is. Given to the tow Garlens, 
2^". Given to the fideller, is. Paed for the sadell to 
William Botchabe, Ss. 6d. Paed for a Hat for the boyes 
to run for, 2s. 8d. For a pare of glufes to dans for, is. 
Given to the gerell that danst for the glufes and Lost her 
part, 6d. Spent at Abraham Allensons before bounder 
began, is. ^d. To Richard Bradle for on hespe and stapell 
for y« pound fould, 6d. Paed to Robart Ellet for stubing 3 



104 grassmen's accounts. 

akers of whins, i/. is. Paed to Robart Ellet for drising 
the 3 akers of whins and burning the rubish and scaling 
the asis (ashes) and scailing the maner 3 dayes, dr. Paed 
to William fawden for Leading the maner out that was 
Lade on the mouer with 2 Carts one day and on half, 5^. — 
Rests due to us, 17^. 

1709. Grassmen, Thomas Hugall & Nickolas John- 
son. 

Rec^ at y enterence 4$*. yd. — More to be rec«^ of W™ 
Lasanby, 2/. — More to be rec^ of George Nickkelson, 
i2s. — In all, 2/. 16s. yd. 

No further accounts are preserved till 17 17. 

17 1 7. Grassmen, lohn Harland & Tho. Hastin. 

Receipts imperfect, but including — Recaved of Saragh 
Longstaff For Her Fred {freedom) of y^ moor, 12^. 
Recaved of James Ladar for His Fredom of y^ moor, 12s. 
Of Ino Richardson For whins, i/. Of Judeth James for 
Tentar Rent, 2s. Of y^ Shumacars For an acknowledge- 
ment, is.^ For Tinkares lane, is. 

No disbursements preserved. 

1 7 18. Grassmen, Antho. Greveson & Tho. Burdon. 
Receipts in all, 13/. 4^". 2d. — Disbursements, 12/. lis. 6. 

[No disbursements specified]. 

1 7 19. Grassmen, the same. Receipts, 61. 12s. 2d. 

Disbursements include — For Dresing out gils bridge 
for water at severall times, 7^. 6d. Given to y^ bellman for 
Calling y« plates,^ is. For Dresing & stubing y^ moor for 
ye Course, 6s. For bying stoops & seting them, 5^. 6d. 
Given to y^ plates 5^. & for y« ten stone weights 2s., ys. 
For takeing up young whins, 13^. lod. Spent at severall 
times About scabd horses, 2s. 6d. For makeing y^ blind 
lane hedge 2 new stoops & mending y^ gate, 2s. ^d. Spent 
at Driveing ye moor at severall times. Si'. Spent at 
Micaell pickerings, ^s. y^ bounder diner, igs. a horse for 
ye person, is. P^ for ye garlans, 2s. Given to ye Drumer, 
2s. 6d. Pd to M*" Roper for Charges against lohn barling. 
Disburst in all, 8/. 8s. 8d. — Rec^ in all, 61. i6s. 2d. 
Resting dew to us, i/. 12s. 6d. 

Seen and Alowed by us. [Eight signatures; all but 
one write their own names]. 

' See above, p. 99, note 1. 

' I.e., To be run for at the horse races on Bounder Day. See below. 



grassmen's accounts. 105 

1720. Grassmen, Peter Greveson & W"» Hare. 
Receipts in all, 6/. i&r. 6rf. 

Disbursements include — For bricks & Lime & sand 
& Lead for y« well, icxr. yi. For working y^ trough & 
building ye well,^ 19J. 6rf. For Cuting y^ new Gutter, 
4$*. 6rf. Spent when we paid y^ workmen, \s. 6d. Spent 
for going for y^ plate to newcastle & hors hire, 3^*. 6rf. 
Given to y^ Drumer on y^ bounder day, 2s. 6d. Paid to y« 
owld grasmen, i/. 12s. 6d. For stubing An Aker of 
whins, 10s. for y« bounder diner & Drinke, i/. 7^. 6d. 
paid to ye garland & y^ Persons hors & his diner, 2s. 6d. 
for stubing y® young whins, i/. 17s. 6d. Spent at 
Collecting 3d. p. gate and Cavells, 6s. 6d. given to y^ 
bellman for calling y^ plates, is. Spent at Letting y^ 
young whins to stub, 2s. Spent when we paid them, is. 6d. 
for scouring gillsbridge gutter & ye Ponds, 7^. 8d. For ye 
Drum on S^ James day, is.^ Total, ill. ys. od. 

Seen these Acc^ & allowed by us. [Nine signatures; 
six write their (nun names]. 

1 72 1. Grassmen, the same as in 1^20. 
Receipts of usu^l kind, amounting to 13I. i^s. 3d. 
Disbursements include — Spent at measuring ye ground 

that was stobed, 2s. Spent at severall times scabd 
horses, 2s. P^ for stobing young whines, i/. gs. 6d. 
Spent when we p^ them, is. ^d. P^ for stobing ye old 
whines, 2/. os. 6d. Spent when we bargined with them, 
IS. 6d. Spent when we p^ them, is. 6d. Spent when we 
collected yt 3 pence per gaits and cavels, 4$*. 6d. P^ for 
scouring out ye water holes, 4$*. ^d. Spent when we 
moweded ye moore, is. 6d. P^ ye Garlinds, 2s. P^ ye 
drume and for ale, 3^. P^ for ye parson hors and spent at 
micel pickerene, is. 8d. P^ for ale and bread one y^ moor 
one ye bunder day, 7^. 8d. P^ for ye bounder diner and for 
ale for ye lads, i/. 8s. gd. P^ for prier Stable and gilsbridge 
hedg, IS. 6d. Spent when we went a bought (about) to get 
money for ye plaits, 6d. Resting due to us sins last yeare, 
4/. los. 6d. — Total, 13/. iis. yd. Seen & allowed this 
Acc^ [Five signatures; one only makes his mark]. 

1722. Grassmen, W™ Forster & Rob^ Ellott. 
Receipts of usual kind, including Rec^ for Countrey 

Whins 8s. ; At j,d. p. Gates & Cavell, 2/. 14$-. lod. ; For 

' Probably what is called the '* Moor Well " in 1724, when a ball is set 
on it. It may have been where ** the Pant " on the Moor formerly was. 
See above, p. 13, note i. 

' The occasion of the drumming on St. James' Day (July 25th) in this 
year invites enquiry. 



I06 QRASSMEN*S ACCOUNTS. 

y« blind Lane, 59. ; For ye Common Lane, 6s. ; For y« 
Tenters, 3^., amount to iiL 14X. 6d. 

Disbursements include — P^ for stubbing old Whins, 
i/. 17J. 3^. Spent out of Grants money, 3^. Spent out of 
Richardsons money, is. For stubbing Young Whins, 
13J. 6rf. Expended at y^ Bounder Dinner & drinke, 
i/. \\s. 6d. Spent at y« same time at Mich. Pickerings, 
2s. 6d. Ye parsons horse, is. For Impounding Scabbed 
horses, 2s. Dressing Gills Briggs pond, 6s. Making y^ 
hedge in y® blind Lane & opening ye watercourse, y. 
Spent at the breaking ye Gapps of lohn Harling, 2s. given 
to Geo. Milburne for Warneing ye Inhabitants to dresse ye 
Moore, 6d. Given to Mich. Davison to Warne to mould 
ye Moore, 8d. p^ for 4 draughts & two men leading ye 
Manure out of Duck pooIe, 19J. o}4d. to ye drum & 
Garlands, 4^. 6d, Rob^ Ellott Stubbing two days, 2^. — 

9/. i2s. g}4d. 
to Bal. I 19 g}4 

II 14 6 



Seen & allowed this Acc^ [Nine signatures; one 
only makes his mark]. 

1723. Grassmen, James Finney Esq^ & lohn 
Simpson. 

Receipts include y together with gates at 12s. and 6s., 
Rec^ of Mr Dunsey for Whins, is. Of Wid^ Greveson 
for pellaleases lane, 6s. 6d. Of I" Richardson for Whins, 
i/. Of Antho. Greveson Geo Robinson and lohn Tilley 
for Whins, 15s. Of Gilb* Burne an acknowledgement, is. 
Rec<* att 3d. p. gate & Cavels, 2I. los. id. — Rec<* in all, 
21/. 7^. ^d. 

Disbursements include — Paid for makeing holes for 
ye goods' to drink, 6d. For porter Close laying hedge, 
6rf. Paid Rob't Eliot for stubbing 6 Acres of Whins, 
2/. 2s. 6d. For scailing the manner on the Moor, 2^. 
For Driveing the Moor for Scab^ Horses, is. P^ for ale 
at several times when we agreed for stubbing with 
Valentine Allenson, 4^. Given to Rob* Eliot at several 
times in Ale, 4$'. $d. Given to George Milburne for 
warning ye Jury, 6d. given to the Jury in ale, is. yi. 
paid to Braidley & Hutchinson for their Judgm* of the 

' **Tbe snoods'* here evidently means the cattle. Holes seem to have 
been dugf in the marshy parts of the Moor to serve as drinking places. 



grassmen's accounts. 107 

scab^ horses, 2s. 6d. to y^ Bell women, 6d. to Geo. 
Miburne for warning to aress y® Moor, 6rf. Spent for 
Moulding ye Moor, is. Spent when ye Neighbours burnt 
y« Rubbish Whins, 2^*. 8d, p^ Rich^ Tilley for warning 
ye people to dress y® Moor, 6d. for a Hatt, 8s. Spent att 
Michael Pickerings on the bounder day, 7^. 6d. p^ the 
Drummer, 2s. 6d. given to y® Lads that run for the hatt, 
8d. paid to y® musisoners, 2s. to the garland, is. for 
driveing the Moor on hollow {Holy or Hallow) Thursday, 
IS. 6d. for the Bounder dinner, i/. 2s. 6d. Spent when 
we Rec^ George Browns money, 5^. /\d. Spent when we 
Bought ye Saddle, 8d. to the Clarke ye Drummer & ye 
two Musisoners in Ale on hollow Thursday, 2s. Pryors 
Stable & gillsbridge hedge, 2s. p^ Geo. Willson for 
dressing gillsbridge pond, 5^. 6d. To Tho^ Lough & 
others for stubbing 10 acres of Whins, 4/. 5^. 6d. to 
Rob^ Eliot for stubbing four Acres of Whins, i/. 2s. 
gave to Rob^ Eliot upon Complaint of an hard bargain, 
2S. 6d. — Tolaly 5/. 14$*. 4d. — Rests, 5/. i^s. od. 

Seen these Acc^ & allowed by us [len signatures; 
one only makes his mark]. 

1724. Grassmen, M*" Fynney & lohn Simpson [lAe 
same as in i^^j]. 

Receipts include — Enter'd James Denton at ye same 
time a Freeman of ye said Gillygate Moor, or stinted 
Pasture, in right of his Father. Rec^ then of Thoms 
Young (in Right of his Wife) for his six Gates on 
Gillygate-Moor, or stinted Pasture, 13^. 6rf. Rec^ of lohn 
Richardson for Whins, i/. Rec^ of Gilbert Burn for an 
Acknowledgement, i^. — Rec^ in all, 14/. iis. ^. 

1725, Sept. 9^*^. Rec^ then of Valentine Allison (in 
Right of his Wife) for his six Gates on Gillygate-Moor, or 
stinted Pasture, 13^. 6rf. 

1724. Disbursements include — Paid for Carrying the 
Clay of the Causey, 2s. paid for makeing holes & 
Scouring Pryers Stable, is. 6d. For Setting on the Ball 
of ye Moor Well, is. 6d. For driveing the Moor for 
Scab^ Horses, 3^. P^ Rob^ Eliot for Six Acres Stubing, 
2/« S-s"' given him in Ale, 2s. p^ M^ Hoppers Fee 
about Ralph Allenson Swine, is. 8d. P^ for Searching 
W™ Wilkinsons daughters Age, 6d. Spent when M*" 
Tempest seized of lohn Tilleys Wins^, is. gd. P^ Rob* 

* Here we see the first step towards the suit in Chancery of John 
Tempest, then lord of the manor, ag'ainst certain parishioners, alluded to 
above, p. i8, note i. It has been seen that there had in late years been 



io8 grassmen's accounts. 

Ellott for stubing three Acres of Whins, i/. 2s. 6d. given 
him in Ale at several times, 2s. 8d. For three Acres more 
for Stubing, i/. 2s. 6d. Spent when we agreed with him, 
IS. given Rob^ Ellott in Drink att Ann Grevesons, is. 6d. 
pd Rob^ Ellott for stubing young whins, 8s. and in ale, 
IS. ^d. Spent when we measur^ the Stubing, 3^. 6d. 
given for warning y® Neighbours to mowd y® Moor, 6d. 
given the Neighbours in Ale, 2s. 6d. for Stubing a Tree 

an extensive stubbing' and sale of whins on the Moor, and, though in 1661 
an order seems to have been obtained from the lord of the manor, his 
claim to payment for them had been ignored. Consequently John 
Tempest, of Old Durham, now lord of the manor, seized certain whins that 
had been gathered, and afterwards instituted a suit in the Chancery Court 
of Durham in vindication of this and other asserted manorial rights. See 
below (p. no) for a statement of the case, and the resolution of the 
parishioners to contest the claim, John Tilly, whose whins had been seized, 
being one of the defendants. 

The following appears in the Records of the Chancery Court of 
Durham : — 

"6th Sept., 1726, 

Tempest et al. 

V. 

Seymour et al. 

"Ordered by the worshipful Dormer Parkhurst, Esq., Chancellor of the 
County Palatine of Durham, that the compt. Tempest shall, if he thinks fit, 
bring an action of trespass against the deft. Anthony Greivson, a freeholder 
in Gilligate, for cutting and carrying away whinns of and from the said 
Gilligate moor, and in which action the said defendant shall answer and 
plead thereunto soe as to his right of cutting and selling such whinns may 
be brought into issue and tried at ye next assizes to be held for this County. 

"And it is further ordered that the complainants and defendants shall go 
to another trial at ye next assizes to be held for this County upon a figured 
wager to try this suit, to wit : whether ye occupyers of freehold houses in 
Gilligate within the complainant's manor of Gilligate or any or which of 
them are obliged to bake their bread pyes or other and what things by 
them used and spent baked in their freehold houses in Gilligate within ye 
said manor or by them baked for sale and by them or any of them sold, at 
the complainant's bakehouse in Gilligate, and upon trial of this said issue 
the said complainants and defendants shall make use of the depositions 
taken in this cause as by law they may and after trial thereof ye parties 
may report back to this court when such further order shall be made 
thereon as shall be just. In both of which actions said complainant shall 
declare at least three months before the said assizes. 

(Sigfned) Dormer Parkhurst." 

Many entries appear below of proceedings and expenses connected 
with this suit ; viz., in 1725, and in 1726, and afterwards in 1728, 
1729, 1730, when the case, having presumably been tried at the Assizes, 
had apparently come again before the Court of Chancery. The whins 
continued to be stubbed by the parishioners, the stenters being taxed for 
the purpose, but there is no mention of money received by the Grassmen 
for them. On the contrary, in 179S, they themselves pay for young whins 
and for thorns to one William Tilley, who may have acted for the lord 
of the manor. (See entries in 1775, 1780, 1788 and 1798). It may be here 
noted that in the Act for Enclosure of the Moor, a.d. 1816, land amounting* 
to one-sixteenth part of the whole common was assigned to the lady, or 
lord, of the manor as an equivalent for the soil of Gilligate Moor and other 
waste lands. 



grassmen's accounts. 109 

for Sherburn gate, is. 6d. Spent att Simon Lightfoots on 
ye bounder day, 6s. p^ for a Saddle, 12^^. 6d. pd the 
Drummer, 2s. 6d. p^ to the Musick, 2s. p^ to the 
Garland, is. Given to y® Drummer & Musick In ale, 
is. 6d. for a bounder Dinner, i/. i8s. for Tobacco & 
pipes, 2S. 3d. for gathering the 3d. p. gate, 6s. id. for 
Makeing Accompts, 2s. 6d. Spent att Makeing our 
Accompts, 2s. — Disburst in all, 12/. los. lod. 

1725. Grossmen not named. 

Receipts. Brought from the other Side, 13s. 6d. — 
Other receipts of the ustutl kind for gates, Pella-Leezes 
lane. Whins, tenter-rents, Cavels & 3d. per gate, and Rec^ 
of lohn Tilly Geo Robinson & Anthony Greveson Jun*" 
towards carrying on a Lawsuit, i/. los. : amounting in all 
to lol. lys. lid. 

Disbursements include — For my own Journey to 
Shields, 3^. %d. Paid to M*" Smith advising with him 
about ye Bill in Chancery, is. 8d. Paid to M*" Harrison 
his Bill, 3/. 8s. Paid to Lawyer Hall his Fee, il. is. 
Paid to M^ Mowbray his Bill, 2/. 7^. 2d. Spent at several 
times when we met about putting in an Answer to y^ Bill in 
Chancery & were sworn, 3^. Paid to Simon Colson for 
repairing Magdalene-Lane Gate, 8d. For Wood & Iron 
work for y® s^ Gate, is. Spent with y® four & twenty when 
we consulted them how to raise money to carry on ye s^ 
Lawsuit, 2s. Spent when we took in y® names of Stinters, 
4^. Spent at several Meetings about y® Bill in Chancery, 
2s. lod. Paid for driving y® Moor on Easter Tuesday, 
IS. 6d. Paid for driving ye Moor of scab'd Horses, is. 6d. 
Paid for getting water for ye Cattel to drink, is. For 
taking up young Whins, 13s. For letting ye Water out 
of ye Pit, 6d. gave back to Tho. Burdon his Earnest when 
he took Magdelene Lane, 6d. Paid for ye Boundary 
Dinner, il. igs. 2d. Gave to ye Drummer in Drink, is. 
Gave to ye Drummer in Money, 2s. 6d. Paid to ye 
Musick, 2s. Spent at Simon Lightfoot's, 2s. 6d. Spent at 
Mich. Pickering's, 4$*. 6d. Gave to ye Garland, is. Spent 
at ye Boundary Dinner, is. 6d. Paid for ye Parson's 
Horse, is. Spent at collecting ye 3d. p Gate and Cables 
(cavels) J 4$*. — Disbursed in all, 15/. is. grf. — Rec^ in all, 
10/. 17^*. lid. — Balance due to ye Grassmen, 4/. 3^. lod. 
(Seven signatures ; five write their own names). 

1726. Grassmen not named. 

Receipts include Rec<* of Antho : Greveson for ye 
Winters Eating of Magdalen Lane, 2s. 6d. Rec«* of lohn 



no grassmen's accounts. 

Tilley in part, lo^. Rec** by lohn Simpson att 6s. p. house, 
3/. 1 3 J. Rec^ more att 6^. p. house, i8s. — Total, 
7/. 9^. lid. 

Disbursements include — Paid to Edward Ridley 
about ye Suit of Law, 3/. 2s. for Impounding lohn 
Tilleys Goods, is. 6d. Spent in Collecting Money for a 
Plate, 3^. gd. Spent att two Meetings about y^ Law Suit, 
^s. 8d. Spent when M^ Mowbray sought Witnesses, 
IS. 6d. Spent with Ino. Harland about an Order, is. 6d. 
Spent at y^ Chancery Sitting y^ first day, is. 8d. given to 
Rich^ Coulson, 6d. given to Christabell Chilton, 6fl?. for 

2 Times Rideing to Haswell, is. 6d. for 2 Times to 
Croxdale, is. /\d. Spent more about y© Chancery Suit in 
seaking witnesses, is. Spent y® two last days y® Chancellor 
sit with Do, 4$*. 8d. Paid for Stubing young Whins* 
7^. id. for Collecting y^ six shillings p house, 6s. Spent 
at warning to a Meeting, Sd. Lawyer Halls Fee, 5^. 

3 pints of Wine with M*" Mowbray, 3^** Driveing ye Moor 
on Hallow Thursday, is. 6d. given to ye Drummers & 
others in Ale, is. Spent att Mich. Pickerings, 2^*. 6rf., 
given y« garland, 2s., 4s. 6d. P^ to y^ Drumer & Musick, 
5^. for bread to y® boys, is. for y« Parsons horse, is^ 
to Simon Lightfoot for going to Shearburn for Hanging 
two gates & nailes 14^/., & a Stile isd.y 2s. 3d. Spent 
when we Rec^ y® 6 sA. p house^ 2s. — Disburs*^ in all, 
10/. 8s. 6d. — Receivd, 7/. gj, n^, — Ballance due, 2/. i8s. ^d. 

Whereas lohn Tempest Esq. hath exhibited a Bill in 
ye Court of Chancery at Durham against James Fynney lohn 
Simpson Anthony Greveson Geo. Robinson & lohn Tilly 
thereby setting forth his Title in & to y® Moor or Common 
called Gillygate-Moor & y® Furzes & Whins growing 
thereupon as Lord of ye Mannour of Gillygate & also claims 
yt all ye Inhabitants of Gillygate are obliged to bake all 
their Pyes & other Things at his Bakehouse & Grind at his 
Mill within ye said Mannour And by his Bill he also 
pretends y^ ye Inhabitants of Gillygate aforesaid cannot 
depasture their Cattel upon ye said Moor without his 
permission & consent And forasmuch as we look upon ye 
Demands of ye said lohn Tempest to be unreasonable & 
unjust And as ye Tryal & Defence in this Cause will tend 
generally to us all & we are all as lawfully Parties as if ye 
said lohn Tempest had made us Defendants We whose 
Names are underwritten being Grassmen & ye four & 
twenty & other Inhabitants of Gillygate having power by 
ancient Custom to make Orders & Bylaws for ye preserving 



GRASSMEK'S ACCOUNTS. Ill 

their Right to y« said Gillygate Moor do hereby order y^ 
for y« defending of y^ said Suit y^ we & all every y^ 
Inhabitants of Gillygate shall pay at y® Rate of one Shilling 
a Stint for every Stint he or they shall (or have a Right to) 
put upon ye said Moor which said Money shall be paid into 
ye Hands of y« said James Fynney & lohn Simpson to b^ 
applyed by them towards defending y^ s^ Suit & y^ said 
one Shilling a Stint shall be as often collected as there 
shall be occasion. As Witness our Hands this thirtieth 
day of Augst 1726. 
Anth. A Greveson Sen^ Anthony Greaveson Jun** 

his mark Tho. X Piersoh 

Geo R Robinson his mark 

his mark James X Kelsy 

Henry Parkinson his mark 

lohn Simpson Gilb. X Burn 

Anth. Dobson his mark 

Tho : Hastings lohn Forster 

Matt Robinson James Ladler 

Tho : Burdon William Greeveson 

J Fynne Jun*" Thomas Hayes. 

The Ace* Continued by James Fynney Esq^^and James 
Celsey Grassmen for the year 1727. 
Receipts of the usual kind. 

Disbursements include-— -Vox taking up whins, &c., 
i/. 9^. 5^. By removeing of the hay from Ralph Allesons in 
the Palmer Close, ^ \s. 6d. By Stoping the Carridge on 
Gillygate Moor, is. 6d. By Drink, is. 6d. By Makeing up 
4 Gapps that Ralph Allison pull'd down, is. By Scouring 
the Hallywell Gutter,^ 7^^. By the Drummer & Waits,3 3^. 
By Pruans for the Boys, is. 6d. By Horse Hire, is. By 
the Garland, is. By the Bounder Dinner, los. 

Disbursed, 3/. 17^. id. — Rec^ on ye other side, 
3/. is. II j4* — Balance, 15s. i}id. 

Seen & Allowed this Ace* by us whose names are 
hereto subscribed this 10*^ day of June 1728. [Seven 
names ; two make their marks]. 

i f- .... . . -- 

5 A close on the South side of the road to Sherburn just West of 
•• Gillsbridge." See Tithe Map. 

^ The ** Holy Well " remained till recently, and was still so called, a little 
South East from the Church below the modern cemetery, the parishioners 
havings common access to it. Before its destruction it was protected by 
uprig-ht blocks of stone with another for a roof. We shall find it several 
times alluded to in subsequent years, as whitewashed from time to time, and 
in 1755 surmounted by a cross. 

7 This is the first occurrence of the term ** waits" for the musicians on 
Bounder Day. 



112 grassmen's accounts. 

1728. Grassmen, James Celsey & Anthony Dobson. 

Receipts for gates, tenter-rent, &c., including — Rec^ 
at 3^. per Gate, 2/. 1 1^. yi. Rec«^ at i2rf. p gate, 7/. idr. 6rf. 
Maugham's Garth, 6rf. Rec«^ of Smith for Harland*s 
Garth, \s. of Gilb^ burne for Shoemaker's Garden, 2^. 6rf. 
of James Kelsey for y^ Common Loaning, dr. of Geo. 
Stoute for y^ blind Loaning, 5^. 

Disbursements include — Spent when went to make 
an Agreem^ with ye Lawyers about M^ Tempest, 15^. 8 
Subpenas, 8j. 4 Subpenas more, 4$*. Spent in Charges 
when we Sought ye Witnesses, i/. lor. Spent with y^ 
Witnesses on ye Green, lor. 6rf. To Waugh for his 
charges, 9J. To Hutchinson, Hugill, Ovington, Thomp- 
son, Bradly, Davison, M^ Baker, M^ Shaftoe &c., its. To 
Alderson for y® Witnesses Meate & drinke 3 days, 
3/. lor. To 3 Councellbrs at y^ Chancery Sitting 2/. \2s. 6rf. 
Spent in attending y^ Chancery, 2J-. 6fl?. Spent at Light- 
foots & Mich, pickerings to Ale & bread, 4^. 8rf. To y® 
Garlands, is. 6d. To y^ Drumer, 2^*. 6rf. To y^ Bounder 
Dinner, i/. 2s. 6d. To Simon Lightfoot for takeing care 
of ye Gate, 2^*. 6d. To ye Gierke & Sexton, is. for 
Collecting ye Sesse, 2s. 6. 

Total, 15/. 15s. 6j4d. — Take, 15/. 15^. id. — Ballance, 
Syid. Seen & Allowed [Six signatures; all but one 
write their names]. 

1729. Grassmen, Geo: Brown & Anthony Greveson. 

Disbursements include — For Opening of Gillsbridge 
Gutter, 5s. $d. For Reparing ye Fencis & Hedgis 
Adjoyning to Ralph Allison & lohn Hubathorn, is. $d. 
Exspended when summoned to W™ Rippons Conserning 
ye parrish Affair, 2s. The Balifs Feess & Expencis for 
Serving ye 'po'neys (subpoenas), $s. 6d. For Opening 
& Cleneing ye Strand Adjoyning to Gills Bridge, is. id. 
Paid Daniell Mackjunkin for Scouring & Brushing ye 
Hedg or Fence in Elles Leesiss Adjoyning to ye Rid 
House, 2s. 6d. Spent about paing M*" Mowbery Our 
Charges, 6d. Paid M*" Jos. Marton Atturney at Law for 
His Advise in Defence of ye parrish, 7^. 8d. for ye Drum 
& Fidler, 2s. ^d. ye Persons Dinner Spent att pickerons 
(Pickering's), is. 6d. for ye Bounder Dinner, i/. os. 3d. 
Paid to Mr Mowbry for Charges, i/. 6s. 4^. Paid M*^ 
Finney as per Note appears, 10/. Paid M*" Finney as per 
Note, 4/. 9^. 



grassmen's accounts. 113 

ig/. 19^. lod. 



Received for disbursment as above for"! 
paid out our pockets for h< 
opening Gills bridge, &c. ... 



paid out our pockets for hedging!- 136 

18 16 A 



Receipts, including — Received of the Subscribers 
& other Inhabitants, 13/. 15J. od. Total — 18/. 15^. 2d, 
Due from the parish to ballance, is. 2d. 

Omitted in the disbursments for the Gar-\ , 

land, IS. so due to the Grassmen ...J 
Do Omitted in y« Disbursments for y® Jurey i o 



Rec«^ of Ino Maugham after ye closing of y® Accompts, 
4$*. Due from y^ Grassmen to Ballance, lorf. [Twelve 
signatures ; nine write their (mm names]. 

1730. Grassmen, W™ Greveson & Mark Nichalson. 

Receipts include — To y^ Moor hedge at 2s. p. 
house, 2/. 19J. 6rf. to^2s. p. gate for y^ Reembu'rsing of 
James Finey Esq*", 9/. 4$*. 6rf. to an acclowdgement for 
y*^ Showmaker garth, 2^*. 6rf. More towards y® gates 
money, \l. 4$-. More towards y^ Moor Hedge, 3^. 
Total, 22/. 5 J. 6flf. 

Disbursements include — To y^ Wates & Drums, 5^. 
to y« Bounder Dinner, i/. \6s. "jd. to opning Gils 
Brig Gutter, 5^. 6rf. to Scouring y® Common Lane, is. 
to opining ye Water Holes, 2s. to Volintine Allison for 
Repairing y^ Moor hedge, 4/. los. 6d. Spent about 
Trying of Wilkinson, 3/. Spent at Several times about 
Scab«* horses, 2s. Spent at Gathering of 2s. p. gate, 4$*. 6. 
Total, 12I. lis. 3d. 

1731 & 1732. Grassmen. The same as for I'^jo. 

Receipts include — Recceived of Peter Greeveson 
for his six gats on our stented Paster, 12/. dr. To the 
money for the Gates for the reimbursing of James Finney 
Esq^e, 6/. lis. To an acknowledgment ror the Shoe- 
makers Garth, 2s. 6d. 

Disbursements include — To the Bounder Dinner, 
i/. 14$-. To the Drummers & Waits, $s. To Simon 
Lightfoot, 4$-. 6d. To the Wickett In the Blind lane, 6s. 
8 



104 grassmen's accounts. 

akers of whins, i/. is. Paed to Robart Ellet for drising 
the 3 akers of whins and burning the rubish and scaling 
the asis (ashes) and scailing the maner 3 dayes, 6s. Paed 
to William fawden for Leading the maner out that was 
Lade on the mouer with 2 Carts one day and on half, 5^. — 
Rests due to us, 17^. 

1709. Grassmen, Thomas Hugall & Nickolas John- 
son. 

Rec^ at y enterence 4$*. yd. — More to be rec«^ of W™ 
Lasanby, 2/. — More to be rec^ of George Nickkelson, 
12S. — In all, 2/. i6s. jd. 

No further accounts are preserved till 17 17. 

1717. Grassmen, lohn Harland & Tho. Hastin. 

Receipts imperfect, but including — Recaved of Saragh 
Longstaff For Her Fred {freedom) of y^ moor, 12^". 
Recaved of James Ladar for His Fredom of y« moor, 12s. 
Of Ino Richardson For whins, i/. Of Judeth James for 
Tentar Rent, 2s. Of y^ Shumacars For an acknowledge- 
ment, is.^ For Tinkares lane, is. 

No disbursements preserved. 

1 7 18. Grassmen, Antho. Greveson & Tho. Burdon. 
Receipts in all, 13/. 4$*. 2d. — Disbursements, 12I. iis. 6. 

[No disbursements specified]. 

1 7 19. Grassmen, the same. Receipts, 61. 12s. 2d. 

Disbursements include — For Dresing out gils bridge 
for water at severall times, 7^. 6d. Given to y^ bellman for 
Calling ye plates,^ is. For Dresing & stubing ye moor for 
ye Course, 6s. For bying stoops & seting them, 5^. 6d. 
Given to y® plates 5^. & for ye ten stone weights 2s., 7^. 
For takeing up young whins, 13^. lod. Spent at severall 
times About scabd horses, 2s. 6d. For makeing ye blind 
lane hedge 2 new stoops & mending ye gate, 2^. 3^?. Spent 
at Driveing ye moor at severall times, 5^. Spent at 
Micaell pickerings, 5s. ye bounder diner, igs. a horse for 
ye person, is. P^ for ye garlans, 2^*. Given to ye Drumer, 
2s. 6d. Pd to Mr Roper for Charges against lohn harling. 
Disburst in all, 8/. 8s. 8d. — Rec^ in all, 61. i6s. 2d. 
Resting dew to us, i/. 12s. 6d. 

Seen and Alowed by us. [Eight signatures; all but 
one write their own names]. 

' See above, p. 99, note 1. 

' I.e., To be run for at the horse races on Bounder Day. See below. 



grassmen's accounts. 105 

1720. Grassmen, Peter Greveson & W"» Hare. 
Receipts in all, 6/. i6j. 6fl?. 

Disbursements include — For bricks & Lime & sand 
& Lead for y^ well, icxr. 3^. For working y^ trough & 
building y« well,^ 19^. 6rf. For Cuting y« new Gutter, 
4?. 6d. Spent when we paid y^ workmen, is. 6d. Spent 
for going for y^ plate to newcastle & hors hire, 3^*. 6d. 
Given to y® Drumer on y^ bounder day, 2s. 6d. Paid to y« 
owld grasmen, i/. 12s, 6d. For stubing An Aker of 
whins, los. for y^ bounder diner & Drinke, i/. 7^. 6d. 
paid to y® garland & y^ Persons hors & his diner, 2^. 6d. 
for stubing y^ young whins, i/. lys. 6d. Spent at 
Collecting ^d. p. gate and Cavells, 6s. 6d. given to y^ 
bellman for calling ye plates, is. Spent at Letting y^ 
young whins to stub, 2s. Spent when we paid them, is. 6d. 
for scouring gillsbridge gutter & y^ Ponds, 7^. 8d. For ye 
Drum on S^ James day, is.^ Total, ill. ys. od. 

Seen these Acc^^ & allowed by us. [Nine signatures; 
six write their own names]. 

1 72 1. Grassmen, the same as in 1^20. 
Receipts of usu^l kind, amounting to 13/. 13 J. 3^. 
Disbursements include — Spent at measuring y® ground 

that was stobed, 2^. Spent at severall times scabd 
horses, 2s. P^ for stobing young whines, i/. gs. 6d. 
Spent when we p^ them, is. ^. P«i for stobing ye old 
whines, 2/. os. 6d. Spent when we bargined with them, 
IS. 6d. Spent when we p^ them, is. 6d. Spent when we 
collected yt 3 pence per gaits and cavels, 4$*. 6d. P^ for 
scouring out ye water holes, 4$*. ^d. Spent when we 
moweded ye moore, is. 6d. P^ ye Garlinds, 2s. P^ ye 
drume and for ale, 3^. P^ for ye parson hors and spent at 
micel pickerene, is. Sd. P^ for ale and bread one ye moor 
one ye bunder day, 7^. 8d. P^ for ye bounder diner and for 
ale for ye lads, i/. 8s. gd. P^ for prier Stable and gilsbridge 
hedg, IS. 6d. Spent when we went a bought (about) to get 
money for ye plaits, 6d. Resting due to us sins last yeare, 
4/. los. 6d. — Total, 13/. lis. yd. Seen & allowed this 
Acc^ [Five signatures; one only makes his mark]. 

1722. Grassmen, W™ Forster & Rob^ Ellott. 
Receipts of usual kind, including Rec^ for Countrey 

Whins 8s. ; At ^d. p. Gates & Cavell, 2/. 14^^. lod. ; For 

' Probably what is called the *^ Moor Well " in 1724, when a ball is set 
on it. It may have been where " the Pant " on the Moor formerly was. 
See above, p. 13, note i. 

' The occasion of the drumming on St. James' Day (July 25th) in this 
year invites enquiry. 



I06 QRASSMEN*S ACCOUNTS. 

y« blind Lane, Ss. ; For y« Common Lane, 6s. ; For y« 
Tenters, 3^*., amount to iiL 14X. 6d. 

Disbursements include — P^ for stubbing old Whins, 
i/. 17J. 3flf. Spent out of Grants money, 3^. Spent out of 
Richardsons money, \s. For stubbing Young Whins, 
13J. 6rf. Expended at y® Bounder Dinner & drinke, 
iJ. 1 1 J. 6fl?. Spent at y« same time at Mich. Pickerings, 
2^. 6fl?. Y« parsons horse, li'. For Impounding Scabbed 
horses, 2J. Dressing Gills Briggs pond, &$•. Making y^ 
hedge in y« blind Lane & opening y« watercourse, 3^. 
Spent at the breaking y« Gapps of lohn Harling, 2s. given 
to Geo. Milburne for Warneing y^ Inhabitants to dresse y« 
Moore, 6rf. Given to Mich. Davison to Warne to mould 
y« Moore, 8rf. p^ for 4 draughts & two men leading y« 
Manure out of Duck pooIe, 19^. o%d. to y« drum & 
Garlands, 4$". 6rf. Rob^ Ellott Stubbing two days, 2S. — 

9/. \2s. g}id. 
to Bal. I 19 g}4 

II 14 6 



n«wF" 



Seen & allowed this Acc^ [Nine signatures; one 
only makes his mark]. 

1723. Grassmen, James Finney Esq** & lohn 
Simpson. 

Receipts include, together with gates at 12s. and 6s., 
Rec^ of Mr Dunsey for Whins, is. Of Wid^ Greveson 
for pellaleases lane, 6s. 6d. Of I" Richardson for Whins, 
i/. Of Antho. Greveson Geo Robinson and lohn Tilley 
for Whins, 15^. Of Gilb^ Burne an acknowledgement, is. 
Rec^ att 3d. p. gate & Cavels, 2/. los. id. — Rec<* in all, 
21/. 7^". ^d. 

Disbursements include — Paid for makeing holes for 
yc goods' to drink, 6d. For porter Close laying hedge, 
6d. Paid Rob't Eliot for stubbing 6 Acres of Whins, 
2/. 2^. 6d. For scailing the mannor on the Moor, 2s. 
For Driveing the Moor for Scab^ Horses, is. P^ for ale 
at several times when we agreed for stubbing with 
Valentine Allenson, 4^. Given to Rob* Eliot at several 
times in Ale, 4^. $d. Given to George Milburne for 
warning y« Jury, 6d. given to the Jury in ale, is. jA* 
paid to Braidley & Hutchinson for their Judgm* of the 

' **Tbe fi^oods" here evidently means the cattle. Holes seem to have 
been dugf in the marshy parts of the Moor to serve as drinking places. 



grassmen's accounts. 107 

scabd horses, 2s. 6d. to y® Bell women, 6d. to Geo. 
Miburne for warning to dress y® Moor, 6d. Spent for 
Moulding y^ Moor, is. Spent when y^ Neighbours burnt 
y« Rubbish Whins, 2s. 8d. p^ Rich^ Tilley for warning 
ye people to dress y^ Moor, 6d. for a Hatt, 8s. Spent att 
Michael Pickerings on the bounder day, 7^. 6d. p^ the 
Drummer, 2s. 6d. given to y® Lads that run for the hatt, 
8d. paid to y® musisoners, 2s. to the garland, is. for 
driveing the Moor on hollow {Holy or Hallow) Thursday, 
IS. 6d. for the Bounder dinner, i/. 2s. 6d. Spent when 
we Rec«* George Browns money, $s. /\d. Spent when we 
Bought y« Saddle, 8d. to the Clarke y^ Drummer & ye 
two Musisoners in Ale on hollow Thursday, 2s. Pryors 
Stable & gillsbridge hedge, 2s. p^ Geo. Willson for 
dressing gillsbridge pond, 5^. 6d. To Tho^ Lough & 
others for stubbing 10 acres of Whins, 4/. 5s. 6d. to 
Rob^ Eliot for stubbing four Acres of Whins, i/. 2s. 
gave to Rob^ Eliot upon Complaint of an hard bargain, 
2s. 6d. — Total, 5/. i/\s. ^d. — Rests, 5/. iss. od. 

Seen these Acc^^ & allowed by us [len signatures; 
one only makes his mark]. 

1724. Grassmen, M*" Fynney & lohn Simpson [Ike 
same as in i^2j]. 

Receipts include — Enter'd James Denton at y® same 
time a Freeman of y® said Gillygate Moor, or stinted 
Pasture, in right of his Father. Rec^ then of Thom^ 
Young (in Right of his Wife) for his six Gates on 
Gillygate-Moor, or stinted Pasture, 13J. 6rf. Rec^ of lohn 
Richardson for Whins, i/. Rec^ of Gilbert Burn for an 
Acknowledgement, i^. — Rec^ in all, 14/. i\s. ^. 

1725, Sept. 9^**. Rec^ then of Valentine Allison (in 
Right of his Wife) for his six Gates on Gillygate-Moor, or 
stinted Pasture, 13J. (yd. 

1724. Disbursements include — Paid for Carrying the 
Clay of the Causey, 2^. paid for makeing holes & 
Scouring Pryers Stable, is. 6d. For Setting on the Ball 
of ye Moor Well, is. 6d. For driveing the Moor for 
Scab«^ Horses, 3^. P^ Rob^ Eliot for Six Acres Stubing, 
2^- S-s"' given him in Ale, 2^. p^ M^ Hoppers Fee 
about Ralph Allenson Swine, is. Sd. P^ for Searching 
W™ Wilkinsons daughters Age, 6d. Spent when M** 
Tempest seized of lohn Tilleys Wins^, is. gd. P^ Rob* 

' Here we see the first step towards the suit in Chancery of John 
Tempest, then lord of the manor, against certain parishioners, alluded to 
above, p. i8, note i. It has been seen that there had in late years been 



GRASSMEN'S ACCOUNTS.— Vol. IL 

(1739— 1790). 

[The entries in this volume being for the most part of 
the same character with those of Vol. I, it has not been 
thought necessary to do more than extract from them such 
as invite peculiar attention. It m,ay be observed with 
regard to them that su7ns, varying in amount according to 
the circumstances of each case, continue to be received for 
gates or freedom of the moor, and for cavells annually ; 
that after i^f^fi there is no m.ore mention of the 
common lanes as sources of revenue, or of any lane but 
the blind lane, for which rent is still received; that 
after 1758 there are no entries of disbursem^ents in detail, 
but that the receipts for gates are carefully specified, 
with notice of the ground in each case on which persons 
were admitted to stint, and the varying sums paid 
accordingly for the privilege, in accordance with the order 
of 1*^01. (See p. g6). The festivities on Bounder Day 
go on in full swing ; the Holy (or Hallow) well still receives 
attention; and there is no dim^inution in the number of 
scabbed horses]. 

1739* On the Bounder day — To the Baliffs Dinner, 
6d.^ 

1740. Paid, To Y^ Jury & Balif at Hugals Lane gate, 
IS. 6d. Ye Clark & Baliffs diner y^ Bounder day, is. To 
Labour Lime &c. to y^ pinfold, $s. 6d. 

1745. Pade for opining the halowell Outer, 2s. 6d. 
For Diner for the Sagerstine (sacriston or sexton) and 
Klark, 2^. 

1748. Spejit when the Wallat Dicke was vewed, 6d. 

1749. To Letting the Water of at Gils Bridge, 6d. 
For Reparing of y® halley well and Setting up the Cross 
for Lime briks Sand & Laberrours, 14-$'. 6^3?. 

* The Bailiff, presumably of the lord of the manor, now appears on the 
scene, and in this and the two following* years has his dinner provided him, 
but not after I74i« On the contrary, the expenses charged to the parish 
on the Bounder Day no longer include a general dinner ; from which it may 
perhaps be supposed that the later and modern custom of the lord of the 
manor providing it had then begun. The Grassmen, however, still provide 
dinners for the parson, clerk, and drummer, and plenty of drink, with other 
refreshment for the boys and -others, during the day. 



GRASSMEN*S ACCOUNTS. 1 19 

i75o» [On the Bounder day, in addition to is. for the 
Parson's Dinner]. To a Bottef of Wine to the parson, 2s. 
To a Sadie Bridel Whipe and Spurres, i/. 8j. 

1752. Paid for the Grand Will, i/. 3^. 6d.^ Paid for 
Turney and Licar {Attorney and Liquor?) iL ys. 

1 753. The Receipts, without further details, are entered 
thus: — ^June y^ 11, 1753, Rec^ of Tho^ Pearson The ful 
Sum of Thre pounds for six Stents upon the paster Cald 
Gillsgate paster and all Comens and Enter Comans in the 
parish of Sent Gills ney the Sittey of Durham in the Ward 
of Easengton and in the Countey of Durham. Tho^ 
Pearson. 

1753. Pinfould, Cart of lime 6 Carts of Sand 12 Carts 
of Stone, I2J. Day leading Rubish, 4-9. leading Bricks, 
%d. Will"* Rods Day at the fould, Greafson hinging the 
door, i^. ^d. Ino Forster, Poke lime and labor, 15^. 
Spent with In® Forster, 2^. 6rf. Georg Nicholson tow 
Hund Bricks, i^. %d. Spent when the fowld was finished, 

1754. Mending and Whitning the Hallow Well, 2^. 
Sixpence for the Ale to the Boys going down the Blind 
Lane, (ui. 

1755. Ap. 1st. Lett this day to In^ Newton The 
Blind Lane at ten Shillings for the year. 

1755. To Mending the Hallow Well and Setting up 
the Cross and Whitning, 2^. 

1756. To mending the Moor hedge after the Greet 
Wind, 5^. To takeing lohn Liddles Glandert Horse, 
\s. 6d. To lohn Allison for helping to faiding the Cay leys 
(Feeding the KyloesP), is. To W"» Rods 30 days Hedging 
at the Moor Dicke, i/. 5^. To Thomas Atkinson 30 days 
at Do i/. $s. To one Day Tho^ Atkinson mare Hedgin 
Whins, 2s. To James Teasdell 5 days at the Hedg, 4-9. 2d. 
To William Rods 7 days Hedgen, los. To Thomas 
Atkinson 7 days D^, icks*. To mending the Hedg in Jany, 
5^. To James Teasdell 2 days at the Hedg, i^. Sd. To 
one day Tho^ Atkinson Hedgin Whins, 2s. To W™ 
Rodds 20 days Hedging at the moor Dicke, i&r. Sd. To 
Thomas Atkinson 20 days at D®, i6s. 8d. To Cleaning 
and Whitening the Hallow Well, 2^. 

1757. To Cleaning and Whitening Hallow well, is. 

' C/. " To Mr. Richardson Reading the Will " (a.d. 1758). There are 
pther allusions to it. What it was has not been discovered* 



I20 grassmen's accounts. 

1 7 58. After several entries for work, partly at the Sand 
Hedge : — To 4 Sledge Load of Thorns to the sand Hedge, 
lorf. Two Days a Horse Sledging Whins to the Moor 
Hedge, 4-9. W^^^ Bates new stile att the Garth Foot, 3^. 6d. 
Mending W"^ Bates and Rob^ Lambs Stiles, 6d. To M^ 
Richardson Reading the Will, is. To M^ Herrisons Fees, 
35*. 4t/. To Whitening the Halley Well, is. To Drising 
out the Halley well Gutter and Water Holies, is. 8d. 

1769. April nth, Rec^ of Rob^ Lawes the sum of 
twilve Shillings for the right of stenting giligate moor 
which right hee takes by his Wife Mary Daught. of W"^ 
Burn. 

1772. Rec^ of Rob^ Renny the sum of two shillings 
and sixpence having Impounded his mare he not living in 
the Street of Gilligate. 

1775. Paid for Swearing into the office, 2^. Among 
expenses on Bounder day: — To Jingal Pott,^ is. To W™ 
Rods for making a Dick and Chane for Holy Well, 5^. 
To making Peter Carter free, 5^. Ditto for lohn Robson 
and Mr Webster. To Impounding M^ Ogle Goss {goose?) 
and Henry Atkinson Do., is. To Impounding W"™ Burn 
Horse, is. [The same for two other horses]. To Gathering 
the Cavels in and Middins, is. 6d. To Impounding lohn 
Wilkinson Keyle and lohn Brokets, 2s. 6d. To Stubbing 
the Whins on the Moor, 2/. 

Among receipts: — Rec^^ of lohn Wall for his hors 
Going on the Moor, los. Of Geo Sowler Do., 3^. Of 
W™ Burn for a tresspas, is. Of Han^a Teasdle Do., is. 
Of Joseph Robinson for His filde belonging to M"" Geo. 
Appleby, 6rf. 

1776. To Swearing into the Office, 2^. To Jingle 
Pott {on Bounder day)^ is. To Scouring and haining the 
Hedge, il. iSs. To Rebuilding the Pinfold, 5/. los. To 
a Farrier coming to see two horse's supposed to be 
glanS 3^. 

1780. January 12. Received from the Rev^ M"" 
Lambe* the Sum of three pounds for his six gates on Gilly- 

' See p. 117, note 2. 

' The Rev. Robert Lambe is supposed to have been a native of 
Durham. He was an M.A. of St. John's College, Cambridge, Minor 
Canon of Durham, and in 1747 was presented by the Dean and Chapter to 
the Vicarage of Norham, which he retained till his death during a visit 
to Edinburgh, 7th May, 1795. He wrote a History of Chess (1764), and a 
ballad called '' The Laidley Worm of Spindeston," and edited Weber's 
Pallad of ** Flodden," with a preface and miscellaneous notes, which 



GRASSMEN's accounts. 121 

gate Moor in the right of his house which he is now 
rebuilding on the South Side of the Street in Gillygate 
w^h said house adjoins or bounders on a garden belonging 
to the Blue-coat Hospital now tenanted by Joseph Robin- 
son on the East w^^ y^ garth or garden belonging to 
M^ Lambe on the South and adjoining to a house belonging 
to lohn Manners on the West and adjoining on the King's 
high Street on the North, 

Witness 

lohn Tilly In^ Mannersl 

Geo Ovington Rob^ RennyJ 
lohn Robinson Grassmen. 

Wm Winter 

1782, Memorandum that it is agreed at a meeting 
this day by us whose names are under Written to pay Six- 
pence for each and every Stent anny Stenter shall have on 

Dr. Raine, in his " History of North Durham," describes as ** teeming with 
discursive disquisitions." In them he eave publicity to the late story of 
St. Cuthbert floating- down the Tweed in his stone coffin, of which Sir 
Walter Scott availed himself in " Marmion." Notices of him will be found 
in ** Men of Mark 'twixt Tyne and Tweed," by Richard Welford (London, 
1895), vol. iii, pp. I — 6 ; and in Raine's *' North Durham," in connexion with 
Norham Church. See also *' Archaeologia iCliana," vol. viii, pp. 162, 256, 
283, 285. One incident in his personal history is curious enough to be 
mentioned. After going to Norham, he bethought him of one Philadelphia 
Nelson, the daughter of a carrier between London and Edinburgh, with 
whom he had become acquainted in Durham, and invited her, by letter, to 
come to him and be his wife. He undertook to meet her on the pier at 
Berwick-on-Tweed, and, having retained apparently an imperfect recollec- 
tion of her features, desired her to carry a tea-caddy under her arm 
whereby he might recognize her. The article selected suggests to one's 
mind that, like Dr. Johnson, he may have been a great tea-drinker, and 
had a tender memory of many cups which Philadelphia had regaled him 
with at Durham. She went ; but he (being perhaps excusable as a scholar) 
forgot the appointment, and the poor young woman paced the pier for many 
hours, faithfully carrying her tea-caddy. There was living at Berwick an 
old naval officer, called Howe, whose habit was to walk to the end of the 
pier and back regularly three times a day before his meals. Before his 
dinner, and again before his tea, he had observed her with her tea-caddy, 
and in his third walk found her sitting on a stone, tired and disconsolate. 
This time he addressed her, and, having heard her story, said, ** Ha ! 
Robin Lamb is a great friend of mine. Just like him, but he'll make you a 
capital husband." Next morning he took her by coach to Norham, where 
she and Lamb were married, nth April, 1755 {Norham Parish /Registers), 
Her burial is recorded in the Giligate Register thus : " Burials 1772. 
Philadelphia wife of the Revd Mr Lamb, Vicar of Norham in Northumber- 
land. Jany 13th." The story, as above given, is derived from a paper in 
'* Archseologia iSliana," vol. viii, by the late Rev. James Raine, the historian 
of '* North Durham," who says that he had himself got it from the widow of 
Lambe's successor in the Vicarage of Norham. He says also that it was to 
occupy his mind after the loss of his wife that Lambe prepared his 
" Flodden." There are several entries in the Giligate register of the 
name of Lambe, which go to conffrm the belief of the Rev. Robert having 



122 grassmsn's accounts. 

GilHgate moor (he or she having no more Stents then six) 
and the s^ sixpence p. Stent to be expended in Stobing the 
whins and that the Grassmen give a Just Account to the s^ 
Stenters of such his expender when called on to account. 
Witness our Hand this 12^ day of May, 1782. [Twenty 
signatures]. 

1788. Memorandum that it is greed at a meeting this 
day by us whose names are under Written to pay sixpence 
for each and every Stent anny Stenter shall have on Gilli- 
gate moor (he or she having no more Stents then six) and 
the s«i sixpence per Stent to be expended in Stobing the 
whins and that the Grassmen give a just account to the s^ 
Stenters of such his expender when called on to account. 
Wittness our Hand this 12th day of May 1782. 

Robert Salkeld 

his 
W^ X Crow 
mark 

[Eight other signatures; three make their marks]. 

This second volume extends to the year i^go. From its 
commencement a number of parishioners have appended their 
signatures on settlement of the accounts each year, and since 
1769 with some su^ch note as the following : — **Seen and 
allowed by the four and twenty present"; or, ** We whose 
names are here under written have perused the above 
account, and do allow the same"; or, **We the stenters 
of Gilligate moor present at a meeting in the parish Church 
of S^ Giles have perused the within written account and 
believe the same to be Just." 



- Grassmen. 



been a native of Durham, viz. : — "Jane d. of Edward and Elizabeth Lamb, 
baptized Ap. 7, 1778 " ; ** Elizabeth d. of Henry and Mary Lamb, bapt. 
Aug*. 15, 1773"; "Mary Lamb of St Oswalds, buried June 15, 1728"; 
** Mary d. of Mr John Lamb a papist was buried March 17th, 170I." The 
Rev. Robert Lamb appears to have had or acquired property in Gillig^ate. 
The house he was rebuilding in 1780, in right of which he became entitled 
to gaits on the moor, has not been identified. But ten years later he 
purchased from John Burdon, of Hardwick, in the Count}* of Durham, for 
;£26o, two parcels of freehold land called Bower Banks, containing 
6 ac. I r. 31 p., which lie to the South of the Church, and include what is now 
called " Grove House." In the deed of conveyance, dated 7th April, 1790* 
he is described as " of the Parish of St Giles, in or near the City of 
Durham." But his having to pay ^^ for his six gaits in 1780 shows that 
he was not entitled to them by birthright, but from having recently come 
into possession of a house in the " Street," by purchase or inheritance. 
See " Preface," p. 2. 



PARISH REGISTERS. 



The Parish Registers of St. Giles date from a.d. 1584. 
Extracts from the first three volumes are given below, 
having been selected with regard to the persons and 
families referred to, or to anything otherwise interesting. 



Vol. I. (1584— 1666). 

It will be observed that the entries, usually in English 
and sometimes ill-written and ill-spelt, begin in 1630 to be 
for a time in Latin, written in a clerkly hand, and evidently 
made by some classical scholar, not without a touch of 
pedantry. Now about this time **Sir John Watson" was 
succeeded as Curate of the parish by Mr. Elias Smith. The 
former is designated (**Mickleton MSS.," No. 32, '' De 
Canonicis Minoribus,** p. 52) ** lohannes Watson, alias 
Sir lohn Lack-Latin"; the latter is described (Ibid,) as 
** Archididascalus Scolae Gram. Dunelm post Ricardum 
Smelt Clericum," having been also a Minor Canon and 
Precentor of the Cathedral, and Librarian to the Dean and 
Chapter. To this learned man may perhaps be attributed 
the Latin entries. For, though they begin some two years 
before the date assigned by Surtees to his incumbency, he 
may even so have previously assisted good Sir John Lack- 
Latin in his parochial duties, including that of keeping the 
Register. May we not imagine him correcting Sir John as 
the schoolmaster Holofernes corrected the curate Sir 
Nathanael? — ^^ Sir Nath. : Laus Deo. Intelligo bone. 
Holof, : Bone? Bone for bene. Priscian a little scratched: 
'Twill serve." (** Love's Labour Lost," Act v, Sc. i). 



BAPTISMS. {Extracted Entries). 
The Regester Booke of the Christninges, Wed- 

DINGES AND BURYALLES OF THE PaISHE OF S. GiLES IN 

Durham since y" yere of o"* Lord 1584 from Easter 
TO Easter videlycet. 

A.D. 1584. 6. Cuthbert Prentisse sonne of Thomas 
prentisse was christined y^ xxvj^*^ of December. ^ 

' Entries of the name of Prentice (a/. Prentize, Prentise, Prentisse) are 
included in these extracts because of a Robert Prentice having been a 
curate of St. Giles. His name occurs as such at Visitations under Bishop 
Barnes in 1577, 1578, and 1579. He was also Minor Canon of Durham from 
April, 1571, to 1595, and in 1583 was appointed by Henry Dethick, Pre- 
bendary of Durham and Official of the Dean and Chapter, as his Surrogate, 



124 PARISH REGISTERS. 

1588. 9. Marye prentisse daughter of Thomas pren- 
tisse was christined y^ x^^ Qf November. 

1591. 4. Ann murray daughter of Will*m murray 
Curate was christined y« viij^^ of Sept**.^ 

1592. I. Elizabeth prentisse daughter of Thomas 
prentisse was christined y^ iiij^^ of June. 

8. Agnes murray Daughter of Will'm murray 
Curate was christined the vij^^ of Januarie. 

1 593- 6. Jane prentisse Daughter of Thomas pren- 
tisse was christined Sept»* xix. 

1594. 9' Robert murray soune of WilFm murray 
Curate was christened the xij^^ of Maye. 

1598. 9. Annas morlan daughter of lohn morlan a 
bastert was christened the xijt*» of Maye. 

1604. 7. George Carter Sonne of lohn Carter sheriffs 
bayliffe was christened the x^** day of June. 

8. lohn Heath Sonne of Thomas Heath of Farr 
Grange gent was christened at Pitting^on Church the last 
day of Sept^ Witnesses M*^ lohn Heath the elder of 
Kepeyere Esquier And M"s Ann Bonney of Newland in 
Yorkshier. ^ 



in which capacity he presided over the Court of the Officialty. (See Surtees 
Society's Publications, vol. Ixxxiv, p. 22, note i, and Appendices A. and B.). 
He is thus shown to have been a man of some mark. He is mentioned 
in the Will of John Binley (or Byndley), a Minor Canon of Durham, and 
Vicar of Mug^gleswick, g'iven in the Surtees Society's Publications 
(vol. ii, p. 217). It hence appears that he was the eldest son of 
a Durham man called Prentise, apparently of the tradesman class, who had 
married Jane, the sister of the said John Binley. The testator, after 
several legfacies, including 6s, 8d. to ** the poure peapele of the parriche of 
Sanct Gile^," leaves his residue to ''Robert Prentes, William P., Thomas P., 
Ry chart P., and Isabell P., my sister's children." To Robert, who seems to 
have been bred a scholar, he leaves appropriately all his books, together 
with the bed he lies on, and other articles. The rest appear to have 
occupied no high position. Provision is made for one of them, William, on 
being apprenticed to ** John Chilton of Durham, taler." Thomas, the 
baptisms of whose children appear here in the Register, was a younger 
brother of Robert, being the third son, to whom John Bynley, the testator, 
had left £6 ly. 4^. and ** all my stufe at Muggleswick, &c." 

* For notice of William Murray see ** Grassmen's Accounts," p. 15, 
note 3. 

' Thomas Heath was a grandson of the original John Heath of Kepyer, 
being the second son of the John who was at this time in possession. Far 
(or East) Grange is what appears on the Ordnance Map as Kepyer Grange, 
near the present Grange Iron Works, West Grange (elsewhere mentioned) 
being what is now known as High Grange, nearer to Kepyer, where an old 
grange barn still remains. Mistress Ann Bonney was no doubt a relative 
of Dorothy, the wife of the abovesaid Thomas Heath, who was a daughter 
of Richard Bonney, of Newland, in Yorkshire. This baptism is entered in 



PARISH REGISTERS. 1 25 

10. Ann Heath daughter of M"^ lohn Heath of 
Ramsyde* was Christened the iii^^ day of March in the 
yeare Abovesaid. 

A.D. 1606. 5. Margarett Colson daughter of lohn 
Colsen cooke was christened the first day of June. 

6. Elizabeth heath daughter of M^ lohn heath of 
Ramsyde was christened the 13 day of July in the yeare 
Abovesaid. 

17. Edward smyth sonne of lohn smyth challan 
weaver was christined the xxijt*» day of marche in the yeare 
Abovesaid. 

A.D. 1607. 7. Jane Crofton daughter of Anthoney 
crofton yonger A bastard was christined the xviijt^ day of 
October. 

9. Thomas Hethe Sonne of M^ Thomas heath of 
Fargrange was christined the Firste day of November in the 
yere Abovesaid. Godfathers — M^ Thomas Chator of 
Butterbie And M^ lohn Kinge of Durham ; Godmother 
M"s Margarett Heath. 

1 1 . Edward heath Sonne of Mf lohn heath of Ramsyde 
was christined the vi^^ day of december in the yeare 
Abovesaid. 

A.D. 1608. 18. Dorothy heth daughter of M"" lohn 
heth of Ramsyde was christined y® 29 daye of Januarie. 

19. Elizabeth heth Daughter of M"" Thomas heth was 
christined the v^^ day of feabruarie in the yere Abovesaid. 

A.D. 1609. 4. Henry heth Sonne of M^ Thomas 
heth was christined the xii^^ day of Feabruarie in the yeare 
Abovesaid. 

the register of the parish of Pitting^on as follows : — ** Anno 1604. lohn 
Heth sonne of Mr Thomas Heth of Powden grang-e within St Gyles parishe 
was xpistened here att Pittington Churche the xxvth of September. God- 
fathers Mr John Heth of Keepyere the elder and lohn Heth of Ramside. 
Godmother Maris An Bunny of Newlands." It thus appears that '* Far 
Grange" was also known as ** Powden Grange." The Bunnys of New- 
land, in the parish of Normanton, were a family of some importance. 
Their burial-place was the chapel on the South side of the chancel of 
Normanton Church, where there are brasses dated from 1547 to 1586. 
(** Banks's Walks in Yorkshire," 1871, pp. 229, 233). 

' Ramside Grange was close on the Eastern boundary of the Kepyer 
estate, being where now stands the mansion bearing the modem fancy 
name of Belmont, from which the new parish of Belmont has been named. 
The name Ramside is now obsolete ; but in Forster*s Map of the County, 
dedicated to Bishop Butler, and to be seen in the Dean and Chapter Library, 
the place is still so designated. Ramside was devised in the Will of the 
first John Heth of Kepyer to his youngest son Edward and his heirs male, 
of whom this John was the son and heir. 



126 PARISH REGISTERS. 

A.D. 1610. I. Barbaric Lever daughter of M^ 
Thomas Lever gentleman nowe dwellinge at Kepeyere 
was christined the 29 day of marche. 

15. Thomazine hethe daughter of M^'Thomas heth of 
Farr Graunge^ was christined the third day of feabruarie. 

A.D. 161 2. I. Marye heth daughter of M^ Thomas 
heth was christined the xiij^^ day of Aprill in the yere 
Abovesaid. 

A.D. 1613. 10. Perker heth Sonne of M"" Thomas 
heth of Far Graunge was christined the xxvij^^ day of 
december. 

A.D. 1 6 14. I. Marye prentice daughter of Cuthbert 
prentice carpinter was christined y^ 27 of Marche. 

5. Ann hall daughter of William hall of Ramsyde 
was christined at Ramsyde by Rayson of weaknes the ix^ 
day of October. 

7. Nycholas heth Sonne of M^ Topp heth gent^ 
was christined the xviij^** day of december. 

A.D. 1615. II. Edwarde Heth Sonne of Mr Thomas 
Heth was christined the v^^ day of Nov»". 

13. Willyam Heth Sonne of M** Topp heth was 
christined the x^^ day of december. 

1616. II. Ann heth daughter of M*" Thomas heth 
gent was christined the 24 of November. 

13. Robert prentice sonne of Cuthbert prentice car- 
pinter was christined the 20 day of Januarij. 

1619. 5. Will'm Blaxton sonne of M^ lohn Blaxton 
gent was xp'ined the 17 day of August. 

1620. I. Margarett Crawdocke daughter of Richard 
Crawdocke g^nt was christined y® xxvj^^ day of Marche in 
the yere Abovesaid. 

1 62 1. 8. Robert Watson sonne of S^ lohn Watson 
curate of S^ Gilles was christined y® xvj^^ day of December. 3 

1625. 7. Jean Fresse the daughter of Henrie Fresse 
Souderer (i.e., solderer) Christined the ix daye of October. 

' See above, p. 124, note 2. 

' Nicholas, the second son of the original John Heath of Kepyer, had 
married Ann, daughter of Mr. John Topp, of London, and had purchased 
Little Eden in the parish of Easing^on. The Mr. Topp Heath of this entry 
was his eldest son. (See Surtees' History of Durham, vol. i, p. 38, and 
vol. iv, pt. ii, p. 71). 

3 For notice of Sir John Watson see ** Grassmen's Accounts," p. 19, 
note 2, also p. 123 above. 



PARISH REGISTERS. 1 27 

1627. Chrestenings from Easter to Ester 1627, 

3. Francies Helyard daughter to M»" Crestofer Helyard 
of Keper was crisned the 10 day of May, 1627. 

4. An Heeth daughter to lohn Heeth of Ramside 
was Crisned the 13 day of May, 1627. 

1628. Christenyngs twext Ester & Ester in Anno 
1628 {six entries). 

1629. Chrisnings from Ester to Ester in Anno 1629 
{ten entries). 

1630. The entries now begin to be in Latin. See 
abovey p. J2j. 

Elizabeth filia ^gidii Atchison baptizata fuit quarto 
die Aprilis. Georgius Jackson & Thomas Jackson gemini 
& filii Gualteri Jackson Baptizati erant decimo tertio die 
Septembris. Elizabetha filia Jacobi Hodshon pistoris 
baptizata erat septimo die Novembris. lohannes filius M" 
Edwardi Smurthwaite Clerici baptizatus erat vicesimo tertio 
die Decembris. 

1631. Anna filia Francisci Pearson sutoris baptizata 
fuit decimo nono die Maij die Ascentionis. Jacobus filius 
Johannis Bambridge generosi baptizatus fuit secundo die 

iunij. Margereta filia Abrahami Bambrick molitoris 
aptizabatur octavo die Januarij. Johannes filius Mathaei 
Burrow sartoris baptizabatur quinto die Februarij. 

1632. Thomas filius Johannis Colson Carbonarij 
baptizabatur vicesimo quinto die Junij. Gulielmus Filius 
Roberti Barker sartoris baptizabatur vicesimo sexto die 
Junij. Elizebetha filia Richardi Corneforth Restionis 
baptizabatur vicesimo octavo die Octobris. Robertus 
filius Richardi Corneforth stragulorum textoris baptizabatur 
vicesimo septimo die Januarij. Isabella White notha* 
baptizabatur decimo septimo die Martij. 

1633. Anna Stott filia illegitima Johannis Stott 
baptizabatur decimo die Junij. Anthonius filius sup- 
posititius lohannis Ducket baptizabatur secundo die Martij. 

1634. Elizabetha Filia Simonis Arnot Londinensis 
baptizabatur duodecimo die Octobris. 

* It may be observed that illegitimate births, which about this period 
are less unfrequent than might have been wished, are denoted in English by 
"basterd," and in Latin by **spurius," "nothus," " fil-illegit.," or " fil- 
suppositit.," and that, when (as is usual) the name of one parent only is 
g^ven, it is always that of the father. 



128 PARISH REGISTERS. 

1636. Thomas filius Nicolai Cole^ de Keypere 

fenerosi baptizabatur primo die Septembris. Henricus 
lius Henrici lohnson fullonis baptizabatur vicesimo nono 
die Octobris. Gulielmus filius Gulielmi Buston spurius 
Baptizabatur secundo die Januarij. Robertus filius Thomae 
Heath generosi baptizabatur vigesimo primo die Februarij. 

1637. Elizabetha filia Roberti Barker operarii Bapt. 
31 Maij. Robertus filius Roberti Colson coqui Baptiz. 
2! Septemb. lohannes filius Christopheri Barker 
mercatoris baptizabatur 24 Septembris. Margareta filia 
lohannis Gray piscatoris Bapt. 28 Janu. 

1638. Thomas filius lohannis Peele carbonarii. 
Elizabetha filia Roberti Dobson piscatoris Baptizabatur 
250 die Septembris. Richardus filius Simonis Martin 
agricolae baptizabatur primo die Novembris. Dorothea 
filia Thomae Heath Generosi baptiz. 2^ die Decembris. 
Margareta filia Henrici Johnson fullonis baptiz. 16 die 
Decembris. Tobias filius Johannis Wilkinson vitratrij 
baptiz. 22° die Januarij. Robertus filius Roberti Heigh- 
ington Pellionis baptiz. 150 die Martij. 

1639. Margareta Spuria Nicolai Carre & Franciscae 
Bayly bapt. 230 Februarij. 

1641. lohannes filius Gulielmi Heath^ generosi 
baptiz. 200 die Martij. 

1642. Anna filia Roberti Richardson tibicinis baptiz. 
40 die Maij. 

' The Cole family came into possession of Kepyer as follows. I'he 
main estate, exclusive of such parts of it as had been devised to youngfer 
sons by the first John Heath, passed after his death to his eldest son John, 
and from him to a third John, the son of the latter. On the death of 
Thomas, the only son of this third John, in 1594 (see Register of Burials), 
it passed to Thomas Heath, of Far Grange, who was brother to the said 
third John. He, after coming into possession, sold the mansion house and 
appendages of Kepyer to Ralph Cole, of Gateshead, A.D. 1630. (See Sur- 
tees' History of Durham, vol. iv, pt. 2, p. 66). Consequently Kepyer itself 
became the residence of the Coles, the Heaths being thenceforth described 
as not of Kepyer, but of Old Durham, which they owned as impropriators 
of the Rectory of St. Nicholas, of which Old Durham had been glebe. Sir 
Nicholas and Sir Ralph Cole in the entry before us were the son and the 
grandson of the Ralph of Gateshead, to whom Kepyer had been sold. Kepyer 
remained in the possession of the Cole family till about 1674, when Sir 
Ralph Cole, of Brancepeth, sold it to Sir Christopher Musgrave, of Carlisle, 
Bart., to whose descendants it now belongs. 

* This William may have been the son of Mr. Topp Heath of Little Eden 
whose baptism appears above in 1615. 



PARISH REGISTERS. 1 29 

Baptismata 1643. 

[A blank page follows, and no more entries till 16^1, 
nor any for 16^2 ; nor again any in this book, except two 
for 166^ and 1068 respectively, which are on a blank page 
at the end of the book in English. For reasons see abcroe, 
p. 68, note 2]. 

165 1. Edmondus Cole filius Radolphi Cole Armigeri 
filii maximi natu Nicolai Cole de Keeper Equitis et 
Baronetti baptizabatur undecimo die Septembris Anno 
Domini 1651. lohannes filius lohannis Tempest Armigeri 
baptizabatur 22° die Decembris 165 1. Thomas filius 
Thomae Moore generosi baptizabatur vicesimo septimo die 
Januarij 1652. Lancelotus filius Lanceloti Taylor Stannarii 
baptizabatur Julij 28, 165 1. Carolus filius Caroli Wren 
Armigeri baptizabatur Augusti 30 1652. 

1653. Thomas filius Roberti Grey Generosi bapti- 
zabatur Octobris 4° 1653. Gulielmus filius lohannis 
Tempest Armigeri baptizabatur Januarij 31° 1653. 
Nicolays filius Radulphi Cole Armigeri baptizabatur 
vicesimo octavo die Februarij 1653. Maria filia Thomae 
Foster Armigeri baptizabatur Vicesimo Octavo die 
Februarij, 1653. 



The following are entered separately after the rest : — 

Baptismata in parochia Magdalenensi. 

\Eight baptisms, entered in Latin, viz., one for i6j6, 
one for i6jj, two for i6j8, and two without mention of the 
year. Then one in English for 1666, one in 166^, and 
lastly, Abraham Alleson sune of Abraham Allison was 
Baptysed the 5^^ day of february Anno Dom. 1668]. 

MARRIAGES (1584— 1642) {Extracted Entries). 

Weddings Sence the yere of o" Lorde God 
1584, yerely as Followeth : — 

I. Robert Johnson was marryed with Isabell Birkett 
the xxijth day of November in y^ yere Abovesaid. 

1590- 7« M^ Thomas Lever was maryed with 
mistres Thomazin heth^ att Kepeyere the ix^^ day of Nov- 
ember. 

1 591. I. William murray Curate of S* Gyles was 
maryed with Elizabeth Orde the xx^'^ day of aprill. 

' This Thomazin was a daug^hter of the second John Heath of Kepyer. 
See Heath Pedigree, 



I30 PARISH REGISTERS. 

1613. I. Cuthbert prentisse carpinter was maryed 
w^ Margarett Hurdman the xix* day of January. 

1614. Thomas patteson And Jane deanam was 
maryed in the parishe churche of S^ Andrewes in the ward- 
robe in london as by a certifecat detected by y^ minister of 
the saide parishe unto the curate of S^ Giles parishe in 
durham by vertue of a lysenc procured from my Lords 
grace of canterbar the said Jane beinge heare a parishioner 
Was mared the sixt day of September 16 14. 

1628. George Middleton Gentleman was married with 
Elizabeth* y« daughter of Thomas Heath Esquire y« 30 
day of December 1628. 

1629. Edwardus Smaithwait clericus in Artibus 
Baccalaureus uxorem duxit Elizabetham Simson 22<> die 
Decembris 1629. 

[JV.B. — Here begin the Latin entries. See p. i2j]. 

1630. Christopherus Barker Generosus Eboracensis 
uxorem duxit Thomasinam filiam lohannis Heath de 
Ramside generosi decimo octavo die Aprilis. 

1630. lohannes Smith viduus vxorem duxit Marge- 
retam Watson relictam lohannis Watson ecclesiae Cath. 
Dunelm. minoris canonici et huius ecclesiae capellani 
vicessimo octavo die Septembris. 

Richardus Kidney saltator & Elizabetha Coussons 
conubiali vinculo juncti erant die decimo sexto februarij. 

1 63 1. Lanceletus Scrafton generosus cives Ebora- 
censis uxorem duxit Thomasin filiam secundam Thomae 
Heath Armigeri decimo die Augusti. 

Thomas Easterbeus {Easterby ?) uxorem duxit &c. 

Richardus Hicks magister in artibus & clericus 
uxorem duxit Dorotheam filiam Johannis Heath generosi 
de Ramside decimo quinto die Decembris 1631. 

1634. Richardus Bell Generosus uxorem duxit Annam 
filiam minimam natu Thomae Heath Armigeri decimo 
octavo die Augusti. 

1636. 15. Nicolavs Hobson Cantor Laicus ecclesiae 
Cathedralis Dunelmensis aetatis suae Anno 82° vxorem 
duxit Annam Ramsdon viduam decimo nono Januarii. 



* See A.D. 1608 for Uie baptism of this Elizabeth. 



PARISH REGISTERS. 13 1 

i6. Thomas Emerson mercator pannarius vxorem 
duxit Graciam Walton filiam Nicolai Walton Artium 
Magistri vigesimo quarto die Januarii. 

1637. Gulielmus Rumford operarius uxorem duxit 
Annam Morley gravidam 40 die Februarij. 

1638. lohannes Elves Generosus parochiae de Bed- 
ling^on uxorem duxit Annam Ingleby viduam aetate 
provectam 2^^ Novembris. 

1639. lohannes Rowell Latomus uxorem duxit Eliza- 
betham Ellison. 2© die Novembris. 

1642. lohannes Tempest Armiger uxorem duxit 
EHzabetham filiam unicam lohannis Heath armigeri 27® 
die Octobris.* 

1643. Gulielmus Orde de Houghton in Le Spring 
vxorem duxit Margaretam Bailey. 8^ die Maii. 

1648. Thomas Wilson musicis professor uxorem duxit 
Margaretam Colpots. Maii 25, 1648. 

1649. Carolus Wren Armiger uxorem Duxit Pere- 
grinam Fetherstonhalgh. Decemb. 28, 1649. 

Radulphus Bowes Armiger uxorem duxit Margaretam 
Cradock. Januarii 290 1649. 

1650. Robertus Gray generosus uxorem duxit Annam 
filiam primogenitam Gulielmi James Ecclae. Cath. Dunelm. 
prebendarii. Aprill 25, 1650. 

1653. Henricus Nettleton de Leeds uxorem duxit 
Franciscam filiam Richardi Mar. August 8, 1653. * 



* This was the marriage by which the Tempests came into possession 
of Old Durham and the Manor of St. Giles. The John Heath, whose heiress 
his daughter Elizabeth was, had been himself the only son and heir of 
Thomas Heath, originally of East Grange, who had succeeded his brother, 
the third John Heath of Kepyer, as possessor of the estates on the death of 
Thomas, the only son of the latter, in 1594. (See above, p. 128, note 1). 
It was the said Thomas who, with his wife Dorothy, and John, their son 
and heir, alienated Kepyer to the Coles. 

' It is significant of the state of things during the Parliamentary war and 
the Commonwealth that from 1643 to 1653 inclusive only 14 marriages are 
recorded, and all these of persons of superior position, described in most 
cases as armiger, generosus, clericus, musicis professor, &c. ; and that 
from T653 to the Restoration there are none, the civil marriages that would 
take place during the Commonwealth not having been recorded in the 
Parish Register. On a later page in this volume (after the Terrier given 
below) there are 23 marriages, after the Restoration, in the years 1664-66, 
with one in 1662 out of place ; also one of 1637 *' *" Ecclesia Sanctae 
Mariae Magdalenae," and 7 baptisms, 1636-66, in the same parish. 



132 PARISH REGISTERS. 

BURIALS {Extracted Entries). 

Bury ALLS since the year of o*^ Lord 1584 yerely 
AS Followeth. 

1584. Francis Heath infant was buryed the xxj^ day 
of november. 

I. Phillis yonger was buryed y® xix^^ of July. 

1589. Christopher Booth infant sonne of Mr. Booth 
of old Durham^ was buryed the v^*^ day of July. 

1589. (42). A child of Thomas Prentisse buryed 
November 7. 

1589. After entry 2 (August St A) is this note, 
Plague began the first tyme in gelegait ; after entry ^f^f 
{Nov. igth)y Plauge ceased. 

1590. I. Jane Prentice was buryed the xxv^^ of 
Aprill. 

8. The right Worshipfull M^ lohn Hethe of 
Kepeyere Esquire was buried the xi^^ day of August in the 
yere abovesaid. * 

' Old Durham had been glebe of the Rectory of St. Nicholas, which 
was appropriated to Kepyer Hospital by Bishop Neville a.d. 1443. Ralph 
Booth, Master of Kepyer, leased it a.d. 1479 on a lease of 99 years to his 
brother Richard Booth. The lease would expire in 1578, when it reverted 
to John Heath as the then impropriator. It appears from this entry that 
the Booths had continued to reside there for some time afterwards. 

' This was the original John Heath of Kepyer, who had purchased the 
estates of the dissolved Hospital from John Cockburn, lord of Ormeston, 
in 1568. There is a recumbent effigy, supposed to be his, in the chancel of 
St. Giles, in the South East corner within the Altar-rails. It is a painted 
wooden figure, with head uncovered, resting on a helmet, on which is the 
crest, a cock's head attached by a wreath. The body is clothed in a complete 
suit of plate armour ; hands in gauntlets, placed with palms together over 
the breast, as in prayer. Around the neck, appearing from beneath the 
armour, is a red collar with slits all round, also a small laced frill or linen 
ruff. The face is represented with a moustache and short pointed beard ; 
the eyes are open. A sheathed sword is slung around the body by a red 
strap. The breast-plate, of the sixteenth century, extends from the neck to 
the pubes. Around the lower edge of the breastplate is a gilt edging (or 
strap ?). Many of the joints, pins and fastenings of the armour are gilt. 
Spurs with rowells are attached by red straps. The feet, which are not 
crossed, rest upon a support, on which are carved representations of two 
death's heads. On the upper part of the support, the words ** Hodie michi"\ 
below, ** eras tibi,*' The effigy now rests upon a sort of high tomb of oak, 
substituted in 1894 for a very mean one of painted deal. Below the head 
is a shield with a guige. This shield, as appeared from a date on its 
inner surface (seen when it was taken off the deal box in 1894), was put 
on about 40 years ago, probably when the deal box aforesaid was made. 
The arms on the shield are : — Party per chev. or and sa., in chief 2 mullets, 
in base a heath-cock wattled gu., countercharged. Crest on helmet : — 
On a wreath, a heath-cock's head erased sa., wattled gu. 



PARISH REGISTERS. 133 

1 594- 3- Thomas heath sonne of M^ lohn heath the 
yonger ^ was buryed the 39 of June. 

1597. After entry i/f is this note : Plague began the 
Second tyme ; after entry 126, Plague ceases. 

[N,B, — There are ij^ burials in this year, the largest 
number in any former year having been ^y* '^i^'f ^^ ^S^9f 
the first year of the plague* The average number in ordinary 
years is not more than 20]. 

1 599* 5- Edward Heath of Ramsyde gent, was buryed 
the xxivtb day of Sept. 

1603 to 4. 6. Alice Prentisse wedowe was buryed the 
y^ day of January. 

Ao Dom 1604. 

I. Robert Prentisse bachler was buryed the xvij day 
of aprill in the yere abovsaid. 

5. Annas Frissell wyfe of Rychard Frisell Fuller 
was Buryed y^ v^h day of September. Dyed of the plauge. 

7. Grace Handlawe daughter of M** Handlaw deceased 
was buryed the viij^^ day of Sept*" dyed of the plauge. 
Opposite this entry, plauge began. \After No. 16 of the 
26 entries hi this year ** plauge " or ** pla' " is appended; 
and after entry No. 20 {Nov. ath) **pla' ceased." But four 
more entries after this have again '* pla* " appended, till the 
last, viz.. No. 26, which see below]. 

8. Cuthbert Huegeson apprentice to Rychard Frissell 
Fuller was buryed the xvj^h day of September. — pla*. 

10. Elizabeth watson daughter of lohn Watson clarke 
and curate of S^ Giles was buryed the 18 of Sept^ — pla*. 

I I. Rychard frissell fuller dyed the 23 day of Septem- 
ber and was buryed at magdlens the same day & yere 
Abovesaid. — pla'. 

12. Annas Helcott daughter of lohn helcote labourer 
dyed at Kepeyere the xxv^^ day of Sept*" & was buryed at 
magdlens the same day and yere Abovesaid. — pla*. 

19. Nell mewer servant to M*^ Watson Curaite of S^ 
Giles was buryed the vj^^ day of November. — pla*. 

22. Xpofer ourde Labourer was buryed the iiij^^ day 
of Jan. in y® yere Abovesaid. — pla*. 

23. A child of y® said Xpofer ourde was buryed y« 
xix^ day of Januarie. — pla*. 

* This John Heath the younger was the third John of Kepyer, grand- 
son of the original possessor, i,e,y of " the Right Worshipfull Mr. John " of 
the last entry. It was by the early death of his son Thomas, here recorded, 
that the Kepyer estate passed to his brother Thomas. See above, 
p. 128, note I, and p. 131, note i. 



134 PARISH REGISTERS. 

24. Another child of y^ foresaid Xpofer — was buryed 
the xxij^^ day of Januarie. — pla*. 

25. Dorotie ourde daughter of y^ said Xpofer ourde 
was buryed y® 24 day of Januarie. — pla*. 

26. Ann Orde wyffe of the foresaid Christofor 
Ourde was Buried the xxv^^ day of Januarij so all the hole 
housholde dyed in the visitacion at this tyme and so y® 
plauge ceased. 

1609. 4« Ann Heath wyfe of M^" lohn Heath of 
Ramsyde was Buryed the 23 day of July in the yeare 
aforesaid. 

9. Henry heth infant sonne of M^" Thomas heth of y« 
Far Grange was Buryed the x^^ day of march. 

161 2. 8. The Worshopfull Mistrice Elizabeth heth 
wyfe of the Right Wo*^ M^" lohn heth the elder of Kepeyere 
Esquer I was Buryed the 21 day of October in the yere 
Abovesaid. 

1613. 4. lohn Trotter An informer was Buryed the 
second day of June. 

15. A poore woman was buryed the vj^^ day of 
Januarie found dead on gelegait moore perished upon a 
tempesteous night of snowe which was the xviij^^ day of 
december. 

1615. 5. lohn peerson aged* was buryed at Madglens 
the xij^^ day of June in the yere Abovesaid. 

161 7. 15. The Right Worshopfull Master lohn 
Heth of Kepeyere Esquire was Buried the xxviij^** day of 
Januarij in the yere Abovesaid. 

1618. 2. Margarett Heth daughter of M^ Thomas 
heth of y® East grange infant was xp'ined & buryed both 
upon the 12^^ day of Aprill 1618. 

162 1. 7. Ann heth daughter of lohn heth of Ram- 
syde gent was buryed y^ 22 of Nov. 

1622. 6. Margaret hall wedowe was burred the fift 
of Januarie. 3 

* Viz., the second John Heath of Kepyer, son of the original possessor. 
His own burial is recorded below, A.D. 1617. 

' In ordinary cases of persons far advanced in life the age is not given, 
being probably seldom known. They are usually described, as here, as 
** aged," or, when the entries are in Latin, as ** provecta aetate." 

3 Surtees (History of Durham, vol. iv), in his extracts from the 
Registers of St. Giles, gives erroneously 1632 as the year of Margaret 
Hall's death, and £2'^ ^s her bequest instead of 30s. 



PARISH REGISTERS. I35 

Md that the foresaid Margarett hall wedow laite wyf 
of Edwarde hall deceased did give to this parishe for a 
standinge stock the some of xxx^ and the increase of the 
same to be bestowed in repairinge of the cawsie from Giles 
brigge to the cawsie foot^ betwext the therde daye of Maye 
and the fower and twentye daye June or itt to returne to the 
executors. 

1627. 4. The worii M^" Nicholas heth^ who died in 
the south baily in Durham of the age of 72 yeres was buryed 
att S^ Gyles here the xiij day of July 1627. 

1630. [The entries now begin to be in Latin. Seep. i2g\. 

Roger Richardson tibicen sepultus fuit quinto die 
Aprilis. Francisca filia Nicolai Heath generosi sepulta 
fuit decimo quinto die Martij. 

1631. Dorothea uxor lohannis Heath Armigeris 
matrona pia et casta totum totius vitae suae terminum post- 
quam annum septuagesimum attigisset in domino decessit 
decimo nono die Octobris. 

Georgius Taylor Corarius sepeliebatur vicesimo quinto 
die Decembris, i.e. die nativitatis Xti. 

1632. Filius Grangeri Chater infans & non baptizatus 
sepeliebatur decimo secundo die Junii. 

Robertus Baker piscium venditor .... 

lohannes Colson coquus .... 

Edvardus Corneforth Restio .... 

Gulielmus Bainbridge mellitor .... 

Edmundus Smyth aedituus .... 

Sybilla Tomson malae famae vetula in ergastulo 
mortua hoc in Coemeterio sepeliebatur decimo secundo die 
Februarij. 

1635. Richardus Robinson Koo-Kii/oTToios ^ .... 

1636. Jana filia Richardi Corneforth scoenoploci s . . 

* For the locality of ** Giles brigge " (or Gillsbridge), see p. 10, note 2. 

' No doubt Nicholas, second son of the first John Heath of Kepyer, 
and ancestor of the Heaths of Little Eden. See above. His will, proved 
at Durham, is dated 28th June, 1627. (Surtees* History of Durham, vol. iv, 
pt. ii, p. 70). 

3 This was the third John Heath of Kepyer. (See above, p. 132, note 3). 
His wife, Dorothy, whose burial is here recorded, was a daughter of John 
Blakiston, of Blakiston, Esq. See Surtees' History of Durham, vol. iv, 
pt. ii, p. 70, in Heath Pedigree, 

* The Greek word denotes a sieve^maker, and may be meant as an 
equivalent for seaver, which occurs elsewhere in the English entries. 

5 Evidently meaning the Greek trxoivoicKoicoQy presumably for roper, 
Cf. above ** Edwardus Comforth, Restio,'' The Cornforth family seems to 
have been engaged in the rope-making industry, which has continued in 
the parish. 



136 PARISH REGISTERS. 

1638. Anna King matrona pia et devota aetatis suae 
anno nonagisimo naturae concessit et sepulta est vigesimo 
tertio die Septembris. Gulielmus Inops mendicus vaga- 
bundus sepeliebatur ultimo die Januarij. 

1639. lohannes Heath de Keepeyr Armiger ^ vir pius, 
pauperum pater, et hujus Ecclesiae benefactor, Poculum 
enim Argenteum (quo Sanguis Christi preciosissimus 
populo potandus exhibetur) cum operculo Huic Ecclesiae 
dono dedit, naturae concessit sexto die Januarij (Anno 
Aetatis suae 71^) et sepeliebatur die sequente circa quartam 
horam matutinam. 

1642. Dorothea Heath uxor Thomae Heath Armi- 
geri^ matrona pia ac multis virtutibus ornata sepeliebatur 
170 die Maij. 

Sepulturae 1643. [Followed by two blank pages, and 
no further entries of burials till September, 1661, when they 
are resumed illiterately in English, not consecutively, and 
only seven till 166^. They include 

1664. lohn Heath Esq*^® of ould Durhama was buried 
the 7^^ of March 1664. 

* See above, p. 132, note 3. The reason of his burial by night, 
immediately after his death, does not appear. The cup and 
cover, intended, as was usual, to serve as a paten, are of the usual 
Elizabethan shape, without any ornament. The Hall-marks denote the 
years 1637-1638. Round the base of the cup there is this inscription : — 
** Remember lohn Hethe Esqr the third and last of Keepeire (the i altered 
to y) : 1638." On the foot of the cover, underneath, ** Desember the: 
25th : 1638." 

' The Thomas, orig-inally of Far Grang'e, who succeeded his brother 
John as possessor of Kepyer, and who (with the concurrence of his wife 
Dorothy, and his son John) sold Kepyer to the Coles. See above, p. 128, 
note 1 . Thenceforth, as abovesaid, the Heaths were described as of Old 
Durham. 

3 This was the son of Thomas and Dorolhy, referred to in the last note, 
whose daughter and heiress, Elizabeth, married John Tempest of the Isle. 
The wife of this John Heath of Old Durham was Margaret, daughter of 
William Smith, of Durham, Counsellor-at-Law. They were married at St. 
Mary-le-Bow, 27th October, 1623. She is memorable as having been one of 
the three " gentlewomen " whom Cosin was accused of having insulted in 
the Cathedral for not standing up when the Nicene Creed was being sung. 

The following account of what took place on that occasion will be found 
in the Volume for 1868 of the Surtees Society's Publications : — 

** Articles to be exhibited by His Majestie's Heigh Commissioners 
against Mr. John Cosin, &c. - And another tyme you, John Cosin, sayd to 
some gentlewomen, sitting quietly when the others stood when the Nicene 
creed is song, you, I say, goinge to theire pue, sayd in the audience of 
many, * I pray you stand, I pray you stand ' ; and catching a gentlewoman 
by the sleeve, you tare her sleeve, with these reprochfull words, ' Can ye 
not stand, ye lazie sowes ? ' 



PARISH REGISTERS. 137 

After the last entry of a baptism (1668) in this volume 
there is inserted the following Terrier : — 

A register or terrier of all y^ Burgages & tenements 
which belong to y« Church of S^ Giles tor y^ reparation 
thereof. 1637. 

1. Imprimis a Burgage or tenement & garth 
on ye North side of Gilligate between A tenement 
belonging to y^ Deane & Chapter of Durham in y^ 
tenure of Toby Hudspeth on y^ East & a tene- los". orf. 
ment belonging to y® Church of S^ Giles & in 

ye occupation of Richard Robinson on y^ west. 
Let to Wii Hubbock. 

2. It. one tenement & garth on y® North side 
of Gilligate between a tenement belonging to y® 
Church of S^ Giles in y® Occupation of W^i Hubbock ^ , 
on ye East & another tenement belonging to ye 

sayd Church in ye tenure of W^i Bambrick on ye 
West. Let to Ric. Robinson. 

3. It. one tenement & Garth on ye North 
side of Gilligate between a tenement belonging to 

ye Church of S^ Giles & in ye tenure of Ric. Robin- >- , 

son on ye East and another tenement belonging to ^ ' 
Francis Pearson which is is free Land on ye 
West. Let to W^i Bambrick. 

4. It. one tenement & garth on ye North 
side of Gilligate in ye occupation of lohn Busby, 

lying between a tenement belonging to Margaret los". od. 
Chilton on ye East & a tenement belonging to 
Thomas Busby on ye West. 

5. Item a tenement & Garth (in ye Occupa- 
tion of Sissely Renton bounded ng on a tenement 
belonging to George Man on ye west, & another 

Ag'ain, from Smart's Common-Place Book : — 

** Question, — With whom did Mr. Cosin brawle and fig'ht in the time of 
divine service for the observation of ceremonies ? 

** Answer, — (i ) He brawled in the church with th6 Dean himself about the 
g-entlewomen which would not stand when he bade them ; whose pew he 
locked up, and afterwards nailed, because they would not stand, &c. 

*' (2) He called the same g'entlewomen lazie sows, and tare their sleaves, 
because they refused to stand, Mrs. Smith, and her daug^hter Heath, and 
her son Mr. Baker's wife of Newcastle." 

Mrs. Smith, the mother of Mrs. Heath, was, when married to Smith, 
the widow of Oswald Baker, of the city of Durham. Thus the three g^entle- 
women were (i) Mrs. Smith, of Durham, (2) her daughter by her second 
marriage, who was the wife of John Heath, of Old Durham, (3) the wife of 
her son by her first marriage, viz., Mrs. Baker, of Newcastle. 



138 PARISH REGISTERS. 

tenement belonging in to y® Church of S* Giles in 
ye Occupation of lohn Ducket on ye East) with a 
parcell of ground in ye broad close butting upon 
ye sayd tenement & garth, on ye north side of 
Gilligate. 

6. Item a tenement & Garth (in ye Occupa- 
tion of lohn Ducket) on ye North side of Gilligate 
betwixt two tenements belonging to ye Church of 
S^ Giles viz. ye one in ye Occupation of Sissely 
Renton on ye West & another in ye Occupation 
of Rowland Robson on ye East. 

7. Item, one tenement & garth on ye North 
side of Gilligate in ye Occupation of Rowland 
Robson boundering on a tenement Belonging to 
ye Church of S^ Giles in ye occupation of lohn 
Ducket on ye west, & a waist or parcell of ground 
belonging to George Man on ye East. 

8. Item, a tenement & Garth on ye North 
side of Gilligate neare ye Duck poole in ye occu- 
pation of George Rowel, boundering on a waist 
or parcell of Ground belonging to George man on 
ye west & A parcell of Ground belonging to 
Edward Burdisse on ye East. 

9. Item, one tenement & garth on ye South 
side of Gilligate in ye tenure of M^" Hugh Walton 

boundering on a tenement belonging to 

on ye East & belonging to on ye West. 

The sayd Tenement hath five riggs of Land 
belonging unto it, two riggs where of doe 
bounder on ye Garth of ye sayd tenement on ye 
North, & on Pellay wood on ye South, and 
a parcell of ground belonging to lohn Smith 
on ye West, & a rigg of land belonging to the 
sayd Mr Hugh Walton on ye East. The other 
three riggs lye in ye broade close & doe bounder 
on ye Dean & Chapters Land on ye East, & on ye 
West, & on ye North, & upon Gilligate Common 
on ye South. 

10. Item one tenement & garth on ye South 
side of Gilligate in ye Occupation of Cutbert 
Swinburne boundering on a tenement belonging 
to on ye East, & anotlier tenement belong- 
ing to Peter Booth on ye West. 



PARISH REGISTERS. 1 39 

11. It. A parcell of land on y® North side of 
Gilligate (where on there stood a Burgage) 
boundering upon a Close belonging to y® Deane 
& Chapter & in the tenure of W^^ Mawer on y^ 
West, & a tenement belonging to lohn Shipherd- $s. od. 
son of Bp. Warmouth & in y^ Occupation of of 

lohn Wilkinson on y^ East, & butting on Gilligate 
Street on y^ South and on Magdalenes lane on y® 
North. Let to George Greeveson. 

12. Item one Parcell of ground in y^ Ellesse 
Leazes on y^ North side of Gilligate called the 
Common Rigge (in y^ occupation of W^^ Watson) 
boundering on a parcell of ground belonging to y« 
sayd Wi' Watson on y^ West, & a Parcell of 
Ground belonging to y® Church of S^ Giles in y^ 

uper end, & in ye Occupation of Timothy Hubbock . 

on ye East & an other parcell of ground in y® ^^' ^' 
lower end belonging to M^ Thomas Wanles like- 
wise on ye East, & butting at ye end of a waist 
belonging to ye Deane & Chapter & in ye tenure of 
Toby Hudspeth on ye South & extendmg downe- 
ward to a place of Common called ye Sands on ye 
North. 

After this Terrier are entered the Marriages and 
Baptisms referred to above ^ p. iji, note 2: also five Burials 
from 1661 to 166^. 

On another page, as follows : — 

1636. Memorandum that Ralph Young gave ten 
pounds to ye Parish of S^ Giles in Durham for ye use of ye 
Poore : viz. That the Churchwardens chosen every yeare 
shall enter in bond before ye Minister & ye foure & twenty 
upon ye account day, that they shall deliver in ye sayd ten 
pound to the Churchwardens which shall succeed them 
yearly upon ye account day ; & pay interest for the sayd mony 
according to ye Kings rate allowed by statute, which interest 
mony shall be devided to ye poore, ye one halfe at Christ- 
mas & ye other halfe at Easter, According to ye discretion 
of ye Churchwardens, According to ye true intent & mean- 
ing of ye will. 

{Alia manu) Memorand. that this Legacy was laid out 
on a parcel of ground for the use of the poore in Gylligate. 



140 PARISH REGISTERS. 

On the last page of the volume is the following list of 
books belonging to the church : — 

Catalogus Hbrorum qui pertinent ad ecclesiam Sancti 
^gidii Dunelmensis. 

Imprimis opera Juelli Episcopi Sari. 

2. Paraphrasis Erasmi ^ in 4 Evangelia & acta 
apostolorum. 

3. Tomus primus & secundus Homiliarum. 

4. Canones ecclesiastici. 

5. liber continens gratiarum actionem pro inaugura- 
tione regiae Majestatis. 

6. liber continens gratiarum actionem pro liberatione 
regis et nobilium a pulvere sulphureo. 

7. lib. continens Gratiarum actionem pro liberatione 
regis Jacobi a conspiratione Gouriana.^ 

8. Duo libri continentes formam jejunii ut deus a 
nobis avertat pestem & alia judicia. 

9. Duo libri continentes deprecationes ut liberemur e 
manu Hostium ferocium. 

10. Liber continens gratiarum actionem pro libera- 
tione nostra a peste. 

11. Injunctiones Reginae Elizabethae. 

12. Biblia. 

13. Duo libri precum communium. 

' Ordered by Edward the Sixth's Injunctions to be set up in some 
convenient place within each parish church (Strype's " Cranmer," 1848, ii, 
447). The 6rst Enelish edition was issued in two volumes by Edw. 
Whytchurch, 1548. About half-a-dozen English translators were employed 
upon it ; among- these, it is said, was the Princess Mary, afterwards Queen. 
(J. H. Blunt, *'Hist. Ref.," ii, 51; Lowndes, and reff. there). Hence 
we 6nd : — ** 1549. Una cum empcione diversorum Hbrorum vocatorum 
paraphracez Erasmi" {** Memorials of Ripon," iii, 41) ; ** 1549. For a boke 
calld ye parafases " (** Leverton Accounts," in Archteologia xli, 358). 
The Paraphrases occur in several lists of books belonging to churches in 
Durham and the neighbourhood (** Parish Books," Surtees Society, vol. 
Ixxxiv, Index s,v, Erasmus). 

' The ** Gowrie Conspiracy," alleged by James I to have been one 
against his own life by John, Earl of Gowrie, and his brother, at Perth, on 

fth August A.D. 1600 ; for an account of which see Surtees Society's 
Publications, vol. Ixxxiv, p. 137, note 3. 



PARISH REGISTERS. I4I 



PARISH REGISTERS, Vol. II. (1667— 1695).' 

This booke was bouth {bought) by us Curchwardens of 
the parish of S^ Gilles Robert Fairfax and Georg Robinson 
the 18 tenth {eighteenth^ year of our Soverine Lord the 
King Charles the second by the Grace of God King of 
England Scotland Franc and Ireland defender of the 
faith. 

Elias Smith minister of this parish 1667. 3 

Clarke, Thomas Alleson of the parish of S* Gyles. 



MARRIAGES {Extracted Entries). 

I. Thomas Martten and Elizabeth Fell was maryed 
4 day of May 1667. 

There are six entries an what remains of the page, of 
which the bottom is torn off. The entries of marriages which 
follow are at the other end of the volume. 

i66g. Edward Coke and Ellener Heeth was maryed 
the 6^^ day of May. 

1 67 1. Mr Thomas Cradock and M" Doryty Heath 
was maryed the 21 of December. 

After 2nd Februaty^ i6S6j Delivered a Catalogue 
into y« Bishop's office. 



1691. Alexander Davison Esq. and M^^ Thomasine 
Nicholson were married upon Thursday ye 21^^ of May 
being Ascension day. 

' These are the extreme dates of the entries in this volume. But there 
are omissions in some of the later years, which are partially supplied in 
Vol. III. Thus the Baptisms after 1680, the Burials from 5th July, 1678, to 
i6th October, 1680, and the Marriag^es for 1694, are found in Vol. III. 
The third volume, beg^un in 1678, appears to have been procured 
in the first place for the entry of duly attested burials in woollen, in pur- 
suance of the Act 30 Car. II, which will be hereafter referred to, and to 
have been further utilized for supply ing" deficiences in Vol. II, and then for 
continuing the general register. 

* I.e.f dating from the death of Charles I in 1649. 

3 For an account of him, see above, p. 3, and p. 62, note 2. 



142 PARISH REGISTERS. 

1692. Mr W"^ Done Minister of S^ Gyles and M" 
Elizabeth Davies of West Chester ^ were married July y« 
seventeenth Anno D'ni 1692. ^ 

1692. Walter Hair and Katherine Nixon were married 
December the 20^^ And was made the Parish clerk the year 
following. 

CoNjuGiA IN Anno 1693, Gulielmo Done Curato. 

Thomas Thompson de Parochia S'cti Oswaldi 
uxorem duxit Elizabetham Reed hujus parochiae primo die 
Maij, bannis pub. 

Johannes Davison jun^ pellio duxit uxorem Eliza- 
betham Brath in Ecclesia Cathedrali Dunelm. sexto die 
Junii. 

Richardus Hall de Pittington duxit uxorem Izabellam 
Richardson de Parochia Easington 240 die Junij facultate 
data eodem die. 

Wills Salkeld de Aukland Sti Andrei & Frances Hut- 
chinson Capellaniae S'ctae Margaretae Dunelm. Con- 
jugium inierunt connubiale 17° die August f. data. 

lohannes Hull Chirothecarius uxorem duxit Mar- 
garetam Starfield de parochia S'ctae Margaretae Dunelm. 
16° die Novembris. 

[The following entries, for i6g/f., are found in Vol. III\. 

MARRIAGES 1694. 

Mark Haswell & Elizabeth Hutchinson both of Old 
Durham in y^ Parish of S^ Oswalds were married at S^ 
Gyles's Durham y^ first day of July 1694. Per W™ Done 
Curate. Memorand. it was y« first stampt Licence. 

M"" Thomas Wilson & M^ Ann Rodes were married 
ye last day of July 1694. Both of Elvett parish. 

Mr lohn Conyers & Margaret Baily Spinster both of 
Chester le Street were married Saturday the 22^ of Septem- 
ber 1694. 

Abraham Allenson of this Parish and Margaret Fisher 
of Elvett parish were married on S' Luke's day being the 
1 8th day of S^er 1694. 

' Chester on the Dee was sometimes so called, and may be supposed 
to be intended here, to distinguish it from Chester-le-Street. 

' William Done (al. Dun) was minister of the parish from 1691 to 170b, 
as appears from other entries in the register. See also List of Curates of 
St. Giles. 



PARISH REGISTERS. I43 

Thomas Heaviside of Keepyer and Jane Snowdon of 
y« Chappelry of Sadberge were married y® fourth day of 
March 1694. 

[Entries of Marriages are continued in Vol. II to 2^th 
May, /<%]. 



BAPTISMS AND BURIALS {Extracted Entries). 

1668. 7. Wedow Chilton of Poullton Greinges^ was 
Buryed the 4 day of May. 

i66g. Sir Nicholas Cooll Knight and Barrenet was 
Buryed the 17 day of Desember. 

(No. 3). Anne Hepleton doughter of Robert Hepleton 
of West Grainge Bastard was Baptized the 20 day of July. 

10. Mayry Bastter Doughter of lohn Bastter Est 
Gra(«g^^) Bastard was Baptized the 4 day of November. 

1670. Thomas Sun and Bastter of Jann Skages was 
Baptized the 9 day of October. 

167 1, tow Childeren of one Louders A pour man was 
buryed the 16 day of May. Ann Nellson wif of lohn 
Nellson fouller {fuller) was Buryed the 18 day of June. 

1673. A pour man that Lay at Thomas Readhead 
that dead one the Casse {died on the Causeway) was buryed 
the 30 day of March. 

1674. Nicholas Coull sune of S*^ Nicholas Coull 
was buryed the 29 of Aprill. 

1675. A Child that Came from Line was buryed 
Aprill 14. 

1676. A soulger that Lived in the Backhous was 
buryed the 19^^ day of August. 

1678. William Houlden sun of Ihon Houlden of 
Marllen {Magdalen) parish was Baptized 3^^ day of 
november. 



' The same with East (or Far) Grange on the old Kepyer estate. 
See above, p. 124, note 2. 



134 PARISH REGISTERS. 

24. Another child of y^ foresaid Xpofer — was buryed 
the xxij^h day of Januarie. — pla*. 

25. Dorotie ourde daughter of y« said Xpofer ourde 
was buryed y^ 24 day of Januarie. — pla*. 

26. Ann Orde wyffe of the foresaid Christofor 
Ourde was Buried the xxv^h day of Januarij so all the hole 
housholde dyed in the visitacion at this tyme and so y® 
plauge ceased. 

1609. 4. Ann Heath wyfe of M^ lohn Heath of 
Ramsyde was Buryed the 23 day of July in the yeare 
aforesaid. 

9. Henry heth infant sonne of M^" Thomas heth of y« 
Far Grange was Buryed the x^^ day of march. 

161 2. 8. The WorshopfuU Mistrice Elizabeth heth 
wyfe of the Right Wo*^ M*" lohn heth the elder of Kepeyere 
Esquer I was Buryed the 21 day of October in the yere 
Abovesaid. 

161 3. 4. lohn Trotter An informer was Buryed the 
second day of June. 

15. A poore woman was buryed the vj^** day of 
Januarie found dead on gelegait moore perished upon a 
tempesteous night of snowe which was the xviij^** day of 
december. 

161 5. 5. lohn peerson aged* was buryed at Madglens 
the xij^^ day of June in the yere Abovesaid. 

161 7. 15. The Right WorshopfuU Master lohn 
Heth of Kepeyere Esquire was Buried the xxviij^** day of 
Januarij in the yere Abovesaid. 

1618. 2. Margarett Heth daughter of M^ Thomas 
heth of ye East grange infant was xp'ined & buryed both 
upon the 12^1^ day of Aprill 1618. 

162 1. 7. Ann heth daughter of lohn heth of Ram- 
syde gent was buryed y^ 22 of Nov. 

1622. 6. Margaret hall wedowe was burred the fift 
of Januarie. 3 

' Viz., the second John Heath of Kepyer, son of the orig'inal possessor. 
His own burial is recorded below, A.D. 1617. 

' In ordinary cases of persons far advanced in life the age is not given, 
being probably seldom known. They are usually described, as here, as 
"aged," or, when the entries are in Latin, as ** provecta aetate." 

3 Surtees (History of Durham, vol. iv), in his extracts from the 
Registers of St. Giles, gives erroneously 1632 as the year of Margaret 
Hall's death, and ;£3o as her bequest instead of 30s. 



PARISH REGISTERS. 1 35 

Md that the foresaid Margarett hall wedow laite wyf 
of Edwarde hall deceased did give to this parishe for a 
standinge stock the some of xxx^ and the increase of the 
same to be bestowed in repairinge of the cawsie from Giles 
brigge to the cawsie foot^ betwext the therde daye of Maye 
and the fower and twentye daye June or itt to returne to the 
executors. 

1627. 4. The wor^i M*" Nicholas heth^ who died in 
the south baily in Durham of the age of 72 yeres was buryed 
att S^ Gyles here the xiij day of July 1627. 

1630. [77ie entries now begin to be in Latin. Seep. I2gi\. 

Roger Richardson tibicen sepultus fuit quinto die 
Aprilis. Francisca filia Nicolai Heath generosi sepulta 
fuit decimo quinto die Martij. 

1631. Dorothea uxor lohannis Heath Armigeris 
matrona pia et casta totum totius vitae suae terminum post- 
quam annum septuagesimum attigisset in domino decessit 
decimo nono die Octobris. 

Georgius Taylor Corarius sepeliebatur vicesimo quinto 
die Decembris, i.e. die nativitatis Xti. 

1632. Filius Grangeri Chater infans & non baptizatus 
sepeliebatur decimo secundo die Junii. 

Robertus Baker piscium venditor .... 

lohannes Colson coquus .... 

Edvardus Corneforth Restio .... 

Gulielmus Bainbridge mellitor .... 

Edmundus Smyth aedituus .... 

Sybilla Tomson malae famae vetula in ergastulo 
mortua hoc in Coemeterio sepeliebatur decimo secundo die 
Februarij. 

1635. Richardus Robinson Ko<rKti/o7rot6s ^ . . . . 

1636. Jana filia Richardi Corneforth scoenoploci s . . 

* For the locality of ** Giles brigge " (or Gillsbridge), see p. 10, note 2. 

' No doubt Nicholas, second son of the first John Heath of Kepyer, 
and ancestor of the Heaths of Little Eden. See above. His will, proved 
at Durham, is dated 28th June, 1627. (Surtees History of Durham, vol. iv, 
pt. ii, p. 70). 

3 This was the third John Heath of Kepyer. (See above, p. 132, note 3). 
His wife, Dorothy, whose burial is here recorded, was a daughter of John 
Blakiston, of Blakiston, Esq. See Surtees' History of Durham, vol. iv, 
pt. ii, p. 70, in Heath Pedigree. 

* The Greek word denotes a sieve^maker, and may be meant as an 
equivalent for seaver, which occurs elsewhere in the English entries. 

5 Evidently meaning the Greek rrxocvoTrXoicoC) presumably for roper, 
Cf. above ** Edwardus Cornforth, Restio.'* The Comforth family seems to 
have been engaged in the rope-making industry, which has continued in 
the parish. 



136 PARISH REGISTERS. 

1638. Anna King matrona pia et devota aetatis suae 
anno nonagisimo naturae concessit et sepulta est vigesimo 
tertio die Septembris. Gulielmus Inops mendicus vaga- 
bundus sepeliebatur ultimo die Januarij. 

1639. lohannes Heath de Keepeyr Armiger ^ vir pius, 
pauperum pater, et hujus Ecclesiae benefactor, Poculum 
enim Argenteum (quo Sanguis Christi preciosissimus 
populo potandus exhibetur) cum operculo Huic Ecclesiae 
dono dedit, naturae concessit sexto die Januarij (Anno 
Aetatis suae 71^) et sepeliebatur die sequente circa quartam 
horam matutinam. 

1642. Dorothea Heath uxor Thomae Heath Armi- 
geri^ matrona pia ac multis virtutibus ornata sepeliebatur 
170 die Maij. 

Sepulturae 1643. {Followed by two blank pages, and 
no further entries of burials till September, 1661, when they 
are resumed illiterately in English, not consecutively, and 
only seven till 166^. They include 

1664. lohn Heath Esq^® of ould Durhama was buried 
the 7^^ of March 1664. 

' See above, p. 132, note 3. The reason of his burial by night, 
immediately after his death, does not appear. The cup and 
cover, intended, as was usual, to serve as a paten, are of the usual 
Elizabethan shape, without any ornament. The Hall-marks denote the 
years 1637-1638. Round the base of the cup there is this inscription : — 
** Remember lohn Hethe Esqr the third and last of Keepeire (the i altered 
to y) : 1638." On the foot of the cover, underneath, *' Desember the : 
25th : 1638." 

' The Thomas, originally of Far Grange, who succeeded his brother 
John as possessor of Kepyer, and who (with the concurrence of his wife 
Dorothy, and his son John) sold Kepyer to the Coles. See above, p. 128, 
note 1 . Thenceforth, as abovesaid, the Heaths were described as of Old 
Durham. 

3 This was the son of Thomas and Dorothy, referred to in the last note, 
whose daughter and heiress, Elizabeth, married John Tempest of the Isle. 
The wife of this John Heath of Old Durham was Margaret, daughter of 
William Smith, of Durham, Counsellor-at-Law. They were married at St. 
Mary-le-Bow, 27th October, 1623. She is memorable as having been one of 
the three ** gentlewomen " whom Cosin was accused of having insulted in 
the Cathedral for not standing up when the Nicene Creed was being sung. 

The following account of what took place on that occasion will be found 
in the Volume for 1868 of the Surtees Society's Publications : — 

** Articles to be exhibited by His Majestie's Heigh Commissioners 
against Mr. John Cosin, &c. - And another tyme you, John Cosin, sayd to 
some gentlewomen, sitting quietly when the others stood when the Nicene 
creed is song, you, I say, goinge to theire pue, sayd in the audience of 
many, * I pray you stand, I pray you stand ' ; and catching a gentlewoman 
by the sleeve, you tare her sleeve, with these reprochfuU words, ' Can ye 
not stand, ye lazie sowes ? ' 



PARISH REGISTERS. 137 

After the last entry of a baptism (1668) in this volume 
there is inserted the following Terrier : — 

A register or terrier of all y^ Burgages & tenements 
which belong to y^ Church of S^ Giles for y^ reparation 
thereof. 1637. 

1. Imprimis a Burgage or tenement & garth 
on ye North side of Gilligate between A tenement 
belonging to y® Deane & Chapter of Durham in y^ 
tenure of Toby Hudspeth on y^ East & a tene- los". orf. 
ment belonging to y^ Church of S^ Giles & in 

ye occupation of Richard Robinson on y^ west. 
Let to Wii Hubbock. 

2. It. one tenement & garth on y® North side 
of Gilligate between a tenement belonging to y® 
Church of S^ Giles in y^ Occupation of W^i Hubbock ^ , 
on ye East & another tenement belonging to y® 

sayd Church in y^ tenure of W^i Bambrick on y^ 
West. Let to Ric. Robinson. 

3. It. one tenement & Garth on y® North 
side of Gilligate between a tenement belonging to 

ye Church of S^ Giles & in ye tenure of Ric. Kobin- >- , 

son on ye East and another tenement belonging to ^ * 
Francis Pearson which is is free Land on ye 
West. Let to W" Bambrick. 

4. It. one tenement & garth on ye North 
side of Gilligate in ye occupation of lohn Busby, 

lying between a tenement belonging to Margaret los". od. 
Chilton on ye East & a tenement belonging to 
Thomas Busby on ye West. 

5. Item a tenement & Garth (in ye Occupa- 
tion of Sissely Renton boundering on a tenement 
belonging to George Man on ye west, & another 

Ag'aiii) from Smart's Common-Place Book : — 

** Question, — With whom did Mr. Cosin brawle and fight in the time of 
divine service for the observation of ceremonies ? 

'* Answer, — (i ) He brawled in the church with the Dean himself about the 
gentlewomen which would not stand when he bade them ; whose pew he 
locked up, and afterwards nailed, because they would not stand, &c. 

*' (2) He called the same gentlewomen lazie sows, and tare their sleaves, 
because they refused to stand, Mrs. Smith, and her daughter Heath, and 
her son Mr. Baker's wife of Newcastle." 

Mrs. Smith, the mother of Mrs. Heath, was, when married to Smith, 
the widow of Oswald Baker, of the city of Durham. Thus the three gentle- 
women were (i) Mrs. Smith, of Durham, (2) her daughter by her second 
marriage, who was the wife of John Heath, of Old Durham, (3) the wife of 
her son by her first marriage, viz., Mrs. Baker, of Newcastle. 



PARISH REGISTERS, Vol. III. (1678— 1756). 



On the back, in stamped and gilded letters, 
Registrum Ecclesiae Sancti Egidii Dunelm. 



BAPTISMS {Extracted Entries). 

Richard son of William Cam Rector of this parish 
was Baptiz'd the 18^^ of March in the yeare of Our Lord 
God 1680-1. 

Ann Coulson and Merrell Coulson daughters of lohn 
Coulson was baptized y^ 9^^ of Aprill bouth Basterds, 1682. 

Simond Sampson Sun of Simond Sampson basterd 
was baptized y^ 30'^ of November (1682). 

Nebuchadnezar Bastard Son of Tho. Bell & Margaret 
Scage was baptized y^ 14^*^ of December 1684. 

{After loth April, i68f) Delivered a Catologue into y« 
Bpp's Court. 

Anne . * . . A Child of Traveller was baptized 
y* 3 of March — 1688. 

George Pearson sun of Necholas Pearson was baptized 
ye gtii of Auguast 1692. Note that Nich. Pearson had 
another son named George who died in the yeare before 
this was borne. 

George the Son of Robert Macklend was baptized 
Feb. 12^^ i69f. this Macklend was a Scotch Beggar that 
came from Edinborough. 

lohn & Thomas y« Sons of Will™ Hunter Fuller vulgo 
diet. Salter Will were baptized y® first of January 1692. 

From 8th February i6g\, to gth June, i6g^, the entries 
are in Latin. Those for i6gj {beginning" according to old 
style) are headed : 

Baptizmata in Anno 1693 Gulielmo Dunneo S'cti 
iEgidii Curato. 

TTie entries which follow include : — 

Martha et Elizabetha filiae Gemellae Michaelis Thomp- 
soni & Janae uxoris de Keepyer baptizabantur octavo die 
April is 1693. 



PARISH REGISTERS. I49 

Margery filia Walteri Barker & Annae uxoris nata & 
baptizata fuit vigesimo primo die Maij. private Bap. 

Izabella filiola Jacobi Alderson Carbonarii & Barbarae 
uxoris baptizata fuit eodem die [2^lh May]. 

lohannes filius Gulielmi Dobson pellionis & Sarae 
Uxoris baptizabatur quinto die Junij. [Private bap.]. 

Martha filia Gulielmi et Elizabetae Done S'^ ^Egidii 
Curati baptizata fuit decimo Septimo die Julii 1693. 

After loth September there is this note : 

Thus far the book kept by myself the rest of this page 
kept by Walter Hare. ^ 

Edwardus fillius Abrahami & Anne Brantingham 
Baptizatus fuitt vicissimo primo die Octob^ : 93. 

James the Son of Thomas & Elizabeth Hutchinson 
weaver (as we are informed) was baptized at a Conventicle 
October the 18 : 1693°. 

Maria filia Georgii Baker de Elm Park in Parochia 
off Wolsingham annos nata circiter viginti quinque 
Baptizabatur vicesimo quarto die Februarii 1693. 

Johannes filius Edwardi Richardson pistoris baptiza- 
batur Circiter finem Decembris & Sepeliebatur Circiter 
2duin vel tertium Januarii. 

Walter Hare's neglect. ^ 

1694. 
Baptismata in Anno 1694^0 Gulielmo Doneo Curato. 

2. Elizabetha filia Roberti & Elizabethae Welsh 
Lapicidae baptizabatur vigesimo secundo die Aprilis i694<>. 

3. Gulielmus filius Gulielmi & Margaretae Gregson 
Agricolae de Ramside baptizabatur die Veneris videlicet 
quarto die Maii : & Pater ejus sepeliebatur eodem die. 
1694. 

4. Cuthbertus filius Richardi & Mariae Hutchinson 
textoris baptizabatur tertio die Junii 1694°. 

5. Thomas filius Gulielmi & Joannae Wheatly 
yeoman baptizabatur tertio die Junii 1694°. 

7. Barnabas filius Gulielmi & Barbarae Baker operarii 
baptizabatur vicesimo quarto die Junii. 

* Having been a Churchwarden in 1691, Walter Hare («/. Hair) was 
appointed Parish Clerk in 1692. See under Marriages of the latter date. 

* This appears to be Mr. Done's remark, the Parish Clerk, to whom he 
had left the keeping of the Register, having neglected to make the last 
entry in its proper place. 



I50 PARISH REGISTERS. 

8. Margery filia Thomae & Alice Lowther pellionis 
baptizabatur vicesimo tertio Julii 1694. 

15. Alice filia Johannis & Susannae Hall Calceamen- 
tarii baptizabatur Januarii vicesimo tertio die. 94. 

16. Simons filius Simoni & Margaretae Richardson 
Fullonis baptizabatur vicesimo septimo die Januarii 
Annoque D'ni 1694. a great snow. 

Baptismata in Anno 1695*^ Will. Done Curato. 

1. Gulielmus filius Radulphi & Izabellae Robinson 
[Hortulani] baptizabatur tertio die Maij. 95. 

2. Elizabetha filia Supposititia Georgii Holden bap- 
tizabater Aprilis vicesimo octavo die. 95. 

3. Elizabetha Filia Thomae & Elizabethae Hutchin- 
son [Lanii] baptizabatur tertio die Aprilis. 1695. 

19. Marth y^ daughter of Jonas Ryley a Passenger 
was baptized y« 18^^ day of February. 95. 

Teste Gulielmo Done Curato 

Gulielm Hill \^ ,. 

Radulpho Richardson / 

Baptismata Anno D'ni 1696. 

9. William ye Son of Ralph and Ann Herrison of 
Lampton in ye Parish of Chester Le Street was baptized the 
r6 day August 96. The mother being deliverd as she was 
going home from y^ market. 

1697. 

7. lohn Son of Roberto & Elizabeth Welch was 
baptized June y^ 8^*^ 97 : private Baptism, pub : Cert, (i.e., 
publicly certified) July y^ 4th. 

Memorand™. That on Monday The One & Thirtyeth 
day of May A^ D'ni 1697 The Hon^e Robert Boothe Arch- 
deacon of the Archdeaconry of Durham with the Rev*^ 
Hamond Beaumont Officiall visited this Church personally 
& then admonished the Churchwardens to recommend 
the repaire of the Chancell to the Impropriator, & that they 
Whiten the Church & remove the Seates at the low End of 
the Church to the End it may be flagged.^ The doeing of 
which they are to Certifye at the next Michaelmas 
Visitation. 

Posth. Smith, 
Register. 

' For evidence of churches having been commonly unflagged, the bare 
earth of the floor being* covered with straw or rushes, cf, ''Churchwardens' 
Accounts," Surtees Society's Publications, vol. Ixxxiv (See Index to that 



PARISH REGISTERS. 151 

1698. 

3. Izabell daughter of James Waller of Keepyer a 
Collier was baptized y^ 22'^ of May 1698. 

5. Ambrose Son of Anthony Grievson Skinner was 
baptized June the 26^^ 1698. 

8. Richard Son of Rowland & Ann Brown Fuller 
was baptized y« last day of July 1698. 

18. Martha of Walter Haire Parish Clerk was Cert' 
for her baptism' April y« 2"^ 1699. 

1699. 
Cuthbert the Son of William and Elizabeth Hunter 
Fuller (vulg6 diet. Salter Will) was baptized y« 20^ day of 
September 1699. 

1700. 

Issable of David Hall a poor Blind man was Baptized 
y« 18^^ day of August 1700. 

1. W™ Son of Rich^i Hall of west Grange baptized 
ye i6th Day of November, 1700 Aetatis Suae Anno 19° and 
5 months. 

2. Richard Son of Richard Hall of west Grange was 
baptized y^ same day being in the 13'^ year of his age. 

3. Izabell daughter of Richard & Izabell Hall of 
West Grange was baptized y^ 26^^ of November being then 
5 years & about 6 moneth old. 

4. George son of y^ s^ Richard & Izabell Hall was 
borne y^ 21 of Feby, 96, and baptiz^ ye 26 of Nov*" 1700. 

5. lohn Son of y^ s^ Richard & Izabell Hall borne 
Jany ye 12, 98, & baptized Nov*" 26^*^ 1700. 

6. Ralph Son of y« s^ Rich^ & Izabell Hall borne y^ 
27^*^ of 8ber 1700 and baptized November the 26'*^ 1700. 

Baptismata post 25 Martii 1701. 

lohn Sone of Walter & Catherine Haire was Certified 
for y« 21^ of Sept*" 1701. 

1703. 

Thomas Son of Ralph Smith of Woodwell house 
yeoman had private baptizm : but was Certified for pub- 
lickly August 31 1703. 

Volume under ** Flagj^ing of Churches"). It thence appears that the 
church of Houghton-le-Spring was flagged for the first time in 1604, that of 
St. Oswald's, Durham, in 1607-8, and of Pittington in 1634. It may be 
worth noting that, previously to the last restoration of the church of St. 
Giles, one of the flags near the west end had the letters of the alphabet cut 
on it in deep and distinct characters. Were they intended for the instruc- 
tion of children, or merely to exhibit and advertise the skill of the stone- 
cutter ? 

' I,e,, as appears from other preceding and succeeding entries, her 
private baptism was certified publicly in the church. 



152 



PARISH REGISTERS. 



Rob^ Son of Rob^ Mackland a beggar baptized 8ber 
ye loth 1703. 

Thomas Heaviside of Keepyer and Jane Snowdon of 
y« Chappelry of Sadberge were married y^ fourth day of 
March 1694. 

Durham 1693. A Note of Lands paying Tyth to y® 
Church of S^ Gyles and taken out of a Copy found in 
y« Study at Old Durham writ by M*^ Elias Smyth once 
Curate there. 









Acres 


Roods 


Pello Leas. 










Robert Chambers . . . 






00 


2 


Midlam Poor Land ... 






00 


3 


Mr Rob^ Smyth 






01 





M*" Emerson 






00 


2 


Dr Brewings Corps ... 






02 





Mr Marshall 






02 





Bull rigge 

Bridge Land... 

Mr W illiam Suretys 






00 


2 






02 









3 





Dr Gray's Corps 










Broad Close. 










Prebends Corps 






12 





Wm Midleton 










Mr Emerson 










Will™ Hutchinson ... 








• 


Bridge Land Tho. Brown 




2 


I 


lohn Atkinson 


• • • 








Anth. Dobson for his CF 


lurch I 

... 


-rand 

• • • 





I 


Broad Close in all 


20 


I 



Bakehouse Leas. 

Nich. Ladler closes 

Common rigge. qy how much 
Poors Land 

Nich. Paxton 

lohn Atkinson 

Porter Close Gilbert Snawdon 

Bricks Garth G. Snawdon 

Almner Leas Gilbert Snawdon 

Rob^ Cornford's Closes 

Ralph Nicholson a litle Close next to Tinker's 

£ ^cL 1 1 w ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• 

Mr W™ Suretys a litle close near Tedbury hall 
Henry Frizel a Close near y« Ashgates 



1 o 

2 o 

2 

3 o 

1 o 

3 o 

3 o 

I 

1 o 
3 o 



PARISH REGISTERS. 



153 



The Closes called 5 Acres & 7 Acres 


12 





besides these viz. 






Abraham AUenson .. 





I 


Tho. Forster 





2 


Mr Beaumont 


5 





Eliz. Ladler... 


I 





Doct. Corps per Anthon. 






Dobson ten^ 


7 





Palmer Close 


4 


2 


M*^ Emerson a litle Close near 






Bower banks 






Widow Halls litle Close adjoyning 






to y^ Street not an acre 


I 





taken out of a Copy drawn by M*" Elias Smyth Anno 
1655. W™ Done. 

Michaelmas 1693. 

Rec<^ of John Brown a Tyth goose 

John Coulson for ^ a goose 6 

Tho. Hughill for % a goose 



Abr'am Allenson a goose & eat her at his own house. 
Widdow Maltby for ^ a goose 6 



IS. 6d. and 2 geese 

at 2^*. 
2 o 



Tyth goose Anno D'ni 1694 
John Brown — i 
Rob't Baker — i 



3 6rf- 



in all 



Ke^ Anno 1692 at New brewhouses and y^ street of 
St. Gyles's about 18 tyth piggs. 

[Here follow the five Marriages in i6g4 which have 
appeared above, including that of Abraham Allenson {whose 
tithe goose was eaten at his own house) on St. Luke's Day, 
i6()4\. 

Easter 1696. Mem. that Whereas there was a little 
Close formerly called Thomas Snawdon's Close and (of 
late) ye Brick Garth or Gilbert Snawdon's Close situate on 
y« North Side of Gilligate and boundering upon y^ Causey 



154 PARISH REGISTERS. 

on y* South, a Tenement of Rob* Johnsons on y« West, 
and a tenement of y^ Church of St. Giles on ye East, the 
said litle Close being converted to a Brickyard yeilded no 
tyth to ye Minister for several years last past, therefore for 
incouraging Will™ Hill Garainer to improve y® same, 
I have agreed with y^ said William for y^ tyth of y® said 
Close to pay me yearly at Easter two shillings & sixpence 
so long as I am Minister of St. Giles's & he the said Will™ 
is Tenant of y^ said Close of which Gilbert Snawdon is 
Landlord, but if in y^ time that I am Minister &c. the said 
William cease to be Tennant, then this contract to be void, 
witness my hand. W™ Dunn. 

A true Register of all the Orchards, Gardens or yards 
that pay a Modus to y® Rector or his Curate at Easter with 
the several summes as they have been paid time out of 
mind in lieu of the tyth of hay, herbs or fruit growing in y* 
same Orchards or yards &c. yearly. — And received Anno 
1693 per W™ Done Curate. 

Yards on the South Side in order as they lie. (i) 
Thomas Hughill pays 2,d, ; (2) Jane Dobson, 4^. ; Will. 
Brown bought of Will. Hills, 3^. And so on; fourteen 
names in all, ending with, Gilbert Snawdon per tennant, 
3rf. ; followed by From the town's head to y^ Church Lane, 
3^-. id. Then — Now from the Church yard to y^ Tinkler's 
Lane which divides this parish from S^ Nicholas's are these 
that follow. Forty 'two names follow, including these, which 
are here given as specimens: — (i) Rob* Errington, id. ; 
(3) M"" Dury per W™ Baker, 2d. ; (4) Rob* Errington for a 
waste, 3rf. ; (10) Will™ Hills for Snawdon's yard 6d. ; (11) 
W™ Hills for Pant Close, i2d. ; (19) lohn Coulson with 
Wood-Leggs, id. ; (21) Nich. Sparke a tennant, 2d. ; 
(26) W™ Hills for his orchard, lod. M^ Suretys per tenant 
adjoyning to Tinkers Lane, 2d. 

TTien follows : 

Mem'd. y* Rob* Cornford did ever pay 4^. for y« narrow 
yard but only bargaind Anno 1694 to pay 6d. for the square 
garden which when in corn paid tyth in kind, the 
Tennant's obliged to pay it ; but if it want a tennant seek 
it on the Landlord. 

North Side in order as they lie. Fifty-eight names 
follow, including: — Imprimis, The Bakehouse yard, ^d. ; 

(5) Rob* Maugham for lohn Robinson's Children, ^d. ; 

(6) Abraham Eden a waste, 3^. ; (13, 14) W™ Suretys & 
Rob* Suretys two wastes per tenants, 6d. 



PARISH REGISTERS. 155 

Church Land: — (i6) Mary Crooks, 7.d. ; (17) Turbutt 
per Walter Hair, 3^. ; (18) Geo. Easterly per ten^ 3^. ; 
(34) Will«» Wilson : a waste church land, 2d. ; (35) Tedbury 
hall per R. Williamson, 2d. ; ^8) Widow Hall y« waste 
pays tyth in kinde, but y« litle garden 2d. ; (53) Anthony 
Dobson Church land waste, 2d. ; Gr'c. 

North side, 13^-. South side, i&r. \d. in all, 

i/. Qi*. \d. 

Finis. 



Every housholder is to pay 2rf., bread & wine 

Every plow in the parish 2d. 

Every Cow in the street i^ 

Man & wife 6rf. thus 

as Communicants ... yi. 

bread and wine ... 2 

Reekpennyi ... ... i 



look the Register for 
the young persons & 
take a Copy of all 
betwixt 16 & 20, or we 
shall be cheated. 



Every widow or young person keeping house 4)^^. 
thus, as a Communicant i ^^d. 
Bread and wine ... 2 
Reekpenny i 

[Name erased]^ elected Clark of the Parish Church 
of S^ Gyles one Easter Tuesday 1693 and was to have 
y® fees from y' time. 

Memorandum that Walter Haire was discharged from 
officiating as parish dark on Candlemas day 1769, & 
Richard Martin had orders to officiate from John Perkin 
Minister of S^ Gyles, Durham. 

Walter Haire was Elected parish Clark for y^ parish of 
S' Gyles y^ 23d of Febb' 1694 & undertooke ye 
managenient of all y^ parish Conferences & Kings 
Assesments having for y® same i/. Sallery & for making 
poor Sc'edals 3 : 6 : for y« Kings Conference as it will allow. 

' I,e,, Smoke or hearth money ; a due payable by householders who 
had fire-places. It has been collected amone Easter dues in some 
parishes within living memory, and may possibly m some be continued still. 

* Obviously ** Walter Haire," which can be partially read. 



156 PARISH REGISTERS. 

April ye 2^ 1705. 

Memorand. That on Tuesday y^ 27^^ of March last 
when Dr. Murton and Dr. Finney put up a new gate in 
the Pello Leases they also in Charity to widow Hunter put 
up a new stile adjoying (stc) to it which she (being Tenant 
to Mr. Marshall's Land there) ought to make and 
maintain. Test Wm Dunn 

Curate. 

Marriage Fees for a Parishioner with Licence, 8s. 6d, 

viz. to y® Curate ... 5^". o \ If strangers, then it was 

to his Clerk ... 2s. 61 (as we are informed) 

to ye Seggerston ... i o?" usual to take 13^-. 4^. 

— 7 I which is equal to y® 

^ ^^ price of y® Licence. 

Bannis matrimonialibus publicatis, 5^. 6^ 
Curate ... ... 3^. 6d. 

Clerke ... ... 2 o 

Seggerston ... o 6 



Memorandum that M^ W"* Done {altered to Dunn) 
Curate of S* Gyles entred at Michaelmass 1691 

Thomas Gelson &l r^^ u wr a 
Walter Hair | <^^"^*^^^ Wardens. 



Easter Reckonings 

{ as Communicants ... 3^. 

Bread & wine ... 2 

for Reek i 



Every man & wife at Easter " 
pays 6rf. thus 



6d. 



Every housekeeper pays for all y® Children, Servants 
or Strangers (above sixteen years of age) that have been 
resident in his or her family forty days before Easter two 
pence a piece for bread and wine whether they communicate 
or not. Take a Copy of the Register book for all borne in 
the Parish that are above sixteen and under twenty years 
old, for some will never be 16 (at Easter) till they be two & 
twenty. 



PARISH REGISTERS. 1 57 

Every plow in the Parish — 2d. Every Cow in y« Street 
Lands, i%d. Every widower, widow, or single person 
keeping house is to pay ^%d. as followeth — 

as a Communicant ... i%d. 

Bread &wine 2 

Reekpeny i 

^2 



Collected Easter 1692 : Will' Done Curate. 

For a Churching "jd. to the Minister & 4^. to y^ Clerk 
& 2d. to y* Seggerston. Churching is in all is. id. 

Burial fees in y^ Churchyard by a Parishioner, is. id. ; 
seven pence to y® Parson & 6d. to y^ Clarke. 

For a Stranger double fees, as also a Papist or other 
Recusant. 

For Burial fees & Larestall in the Quire to ye 
Curate ... ... ... ... £0 i^s* 4^. 

to the Parish Clarke ... o 3 4 

16 8 
A Stranger or dissenter double. 



I Note that Mortuaries have been paid in this Parish 

time out of mind according to Statute 21 — H : 8 

Cap : 6. 

3^*. /\d. a Larestall in the Church quere to be paid toy 
Churchwardens (these words written over an erasure). 

Burial fees in the Church i *° 5^ ^"""^^^^ ^^- ^ 

\ to y« Clark i 3 

For a stranger of another Parish double fees ut in 
ceteris. 



* This note is on flyleaf one-third size of folio at the end of the volume. 



PARISH REGISTERS, Vol. IV (1695— 1749). 



Though it has not been thought necessary to continue 
our extracts throughout this more recent volume, yet the 
following entries in its earlier part appear worth producing. 



Will. Done 

Curate of 

S' Giles's Parish. 



On paper fly leaf at the beginning of the book. 

William Hill & Ralph Richardson, Churchwardens. 

This Book belongs to the Parish of S' 
Giles in Durham and was Bought June 
ye yth g^ of Abraham Ashworth for 12^*,, 
Containing 12 sheets of parchment at 
Qflf. a sheet 9$"., & y« binding 3^*. 

In pursuance of an Act of Parliament Anno sexto 
et septimo Gulielmi 3 Regis Intitled an Act for Granting 
to his Majesty certain Rates & duties upon Marriages, 
Births and Burials, and upon Batchelours and Widowers, 
for the Term of five years, for Carrying on the warr against 
France with vigour. 

Every Burial to pay 4s'. ; a Gent, his wife or child, to 
pay i/. 4r. ; An Esq. 5/. 4-s'. Every Birth 2j. ; A Gent for 
his Child i/. 2^*. A Marriage 2^*. 6rf. ; A Gent i/. zs. 6flf. 

In the book itself on the parchment folios. 

1695. Isabell the Daughter of Richard & Izabell 
Hall was born May the 5^^, 1695 ; A Quaker. lohn y« 
son of William & Elizabeth Harrison Papist was born 
July the 17^^, 1695. Grosier son of Richard Smith of 
Ramside Gent was buried November the first, 95. 
Margaret Harrison widow aged about 100 years was buried 
November the first, 95. Matthew Meaborne & Elizabeth 
Coltman married clandestinely at Newcastle March y® 9^** 
1695 ; Non-Conform'. Martha y« Daughter of Jonas 
Ryley a passenger that came witn a Brief & is gone was 
borne & baptized. 

1696. Ursila the daughter of Nicholas Pearson being 
on the y® poors scroll was borne. Cuthbert Selby & Jane 
Hutchinson both of Brancepeth parish were married y« 
30**> day of March 96 & his Majesties duty p^ then to 
lohn Brown, ColK 



PARISH REGISTERS. 159 

1697. Katherine y« wife of William Hunter Vulgo 
Corby's Will, was buried. 

1698. lohn Rogers, who had in his lifetime attended 
nine ministers successively as Seggerston of this Church, 
was buried y« 11^*^ of December, 1698, Anno ^Etatis suae 
850. 

1699. lohn Falkner a stranger that came here to get 
his Legg cutt off (his parents being poor & settled in no 
Parish) was buryed July y« 24^*^. Anthony Claxton of y® 
parish of Hurworth weaver marryed Ann Stephenson of 
the same Aug. i : 99. King's duty p^ to Ab' Allenson. 
Ann wife of William Pattison y^ Windmiller of Gillegate 
was buryed. M^ William Tempest of Old Durham Patron 

of our church was buried on y® 15 day of March ^ 

1700. Thomas Hastings of Keepyer Wood, an 
honest labourer, was buryed. Thomas Nicholson and 
Merill Orton Papists .... are said to be married. 

1 701. Robert Young, Mercer & Grocer, a Prisoner 
in his Maj'ies Gaol at Durham & Ann Richardson . . . 
were married. William y^ son of Thomas Hugill & 
Searcher to y^ Company of Glovers was buryed y® 9'^ of 
September 1701. He was murthered on Sunday y« last 
of August at 12 at night by I** Luckenby & Thom. Dixon. 

1702. George Liddell of Hawthorne in y^ Parish of 
Easington Labourer who died by a suddain fall & departed 
about 30 hours after (being speechless all that time) was 
buried. 

1703. Thomas Lowther of Giligate Skinner (a man 
of great estimation amongst his neighbours) was buryed. 
William Hunter, fuller (vulgo diet. Salter Will.). 

1704. Frances y^ daughter of W™ Dunn Minister of 
this Parish was buryed on good friday y^ 14th day of 
April, 1704. She was his second of that name. Mary 
Walton a Quaker died at W"» Brown & was buried at y« 
Quakers meeting ye 8^ day of May, 1704. No notice was 
given. 

1705. lohn Coulson Miln-wright & milner of 
Keepyer Corn-milns dying suddenly by a fall on y« 
causeway over against his own house early in y« morning 
(being on foot and leading a Horse to water) was buried. 
Margaret A bastard child of Elizabeth Sharp & supposed 
of James Denton was baptized y^ i8^h day of 7'ber, 1705. 



l6o PARISH REGISTERS. 

A.D. 1707. Memorand. that James Denton & Eliza- 
beth Sharpp dreed penance y^ 2^^ day of octob^ 1707.^ 

A.D. 1708. Henry Parkinson senior did penance 
July ye nth 1708. [for committing fornication with the 
above named Elizabeth Sharpp (alia manu)], 

A.D. 171 1. Elizabith the daughter of M"^ Dunn 
formerly minister of this parish was buried May ye 23''^, 
1711. 

A.D. 1756. William Sugden a Quaker thirtyfive 
years of age was baptized Feb. 21. 

A leaf, apparently comprising baptisms between the 
dates November 21, I7j6, and May 75, 1737* has been cut out 
of the book ; and on the narrow slip of parchment rem,aining 
is written in pencil, Is there a leaf cut out here ? There is 
a distinct m^rk of a knife having cut into the following pages. 



' For notice of penance in churches or market-places, cf, ** Church- 
warden's Accounts " (Surtees Society's Publications, vol. Ixxxiv, p. 49, note). 
The latest instance known to the editor was told him by a native of 
Pittington, apparently about the year 1770, when a girl had done penance, 
clothed in a white sheet, in the church of that parish. He was also told 
many years ago by an old woman of Melsonby in Yorkshire of her own 
recollection (about the same date) of having seen, as she went into church 
among the school children, a girl, whom she described as *' a bonny lass," 
standing in the porch in a white sheet, bare-foot and with her hair hanging 
down, and having seen her in the same plight, crying, when the congregation 
left the church. The same informant spoke also of a young woman having 
stood up in church, at Melsonby, before the assembled congregation, to 
name the father of her child — which was an evidence of paternity formerly 
accepted as sufficient — and of the two culprits having afterwards repeated 
a form of words after the minister, standing before the reading-desk, 
after which the woman had gone up to the altar to be churched. 



** LIBER SANCTI EGIDII, DUNELM." 



This is a bound Volume, lettered as above, and kept 
in the Vestry of the Church, in which the following 
ancient documents have been pasted for preservation. 



List of Documents. 

(i). A.D. 1373. Charter of Cunstancia Taillour to 
Thomas de Kyrkland, granting a burgage in Gilligate. 

(2). A.D. 1449. Indenture between Richard Mur and 
John Padingham, concerning a burgage in Sadlergate. 

(3). A.D. 1504. Copy of Court Roll, concerning a 
burgage in Gilligate. 

(4). A.D. 1505. Copy of Court Roll, ditto. (John 
Boerius, Master of Kepyer). 

(5). A.D. 1522. Copy of Court Roll, ^z//(?. 



Copy of Court Roll, ditto. 
Copy of Court Roll, ditto. 
Copy of Court Roll, ditto. 
Copy of Court Roll, ditto. 



(William 
(William 
(William 
(William 
(William 



Frankleyn, Master). 

(6). A.D. 1523. 
Frankleyn, Master). 

(7). A.D. 1525. 
Frankleyn, Master). 

(8). A.D. 1542. 
Frankleyn, Master). 

(9). A.D. 1542. 
Frankleyn, Master). 

(10). A.D. 1555. Copy of Court Roll, ditto. (John 
Heath, Lord of the Manor). 

(11). A.D. 1558. Copy of Court Roll, ditto. (John 
Heath, Lord of the Manor). 

(12). A.D. 1563. Lease by the Churchwardens (with 
consent of the Steward of the Manor and the parishioners) 
of a tenement in Gilligate. 

(13). A.D. 1564. Lease by the Churchwardens (no 
consent of others mentioned) of a tenement in Gilligate 
{imperfect). 

(14). A.D. 1565. Copy of Court Roll. (John Heath, 
Lord of the Manor). 
II 



1 62 '* LIBER S. EGIDII. 



)) 



(15). A.D. 1594. Lease by the Churchwardens (no 
consent of others mentioned) of a tenement in Gilligate. 

(16). A.D. 1594. Counterpart of the above. 

(17). A.D. 1584. Lease by the Churchwardens (no 
consent of others mentioned) of a tenement in Gilligate. 

(18). A.D. 1584. Counterpart of the above. 

(19). A.D. 1584. Lease by the Churchwardens (with 
consent of the Lord of the Manor and the parishioners) 
of a tenement in Gilligate {imperfect). 

(20). A.D. 1584. Lease by the Churchwardens (with 
consent of the Lord of the Manor and the parishioners) 
of a tenement in Gilligate {imperfect). 

(21). A.D. 1590. Lease by the Churchwardens (with 
consent of the rest of the parishioners) of a tenement in 
Gilligate. 

(22). A.D. 1600. Copy of Court Roll, concerning four 
burgages in Gilligate. 

(23). A.D. 1617. Copy of Court Roll, concerning four 
burgages in Gilligate. 

(24). A.D. 1618. Bond of Margaret Hall to Church- 
wardens for fulfilment of conditions of a Covenant. 

(25). A.D. 1619. Bond of Robert Carr and Richard 
Tripp {as above). 



(i). A.D. 1373. Charter of Cunstancia Taillour^ 
granting a burgage to Thomas de Kyrkland. 

Sciant praesentes et futuri quod ego Cunstancia filia 
Walteri Taillour de vico Sancti Egidii in Dunelm. in mea 
pura virginitate dedi concessi et praesenti carta mea 
confirmavi Thomae de Kyrkland Taillour unum burgagium 
jacens in vico Sancti Egidii inter burgagium Johannis 
Warker ex parte una et domum de Kypier vocatam le 
Curthous ex alia, quod quidem burgagium michi jure 
hereditario post decessum Marjoriae sororis meae decen- 
debat, habendum et tenendum predictum burgagium cum 
omnibus libertatibus et libris consuetudinibus ac omnibus 
aliis pertinentiis suis prefato Thomae heredibus et assignatis 
suis libere quiete integre bene et in pace imperpetuum de 
capitalibus dominis feodi illius per servicia inde debita & 
de jure consueta. Et ego antedicta Cunstancia et heredes 
mei totum praedictum burgagium cum pertinentiis suis 
universis praefato Thomae heredibus et assignatis suis 
contra omnes gentes warrantizabimus et imperpetuum 



** LIBER S- EGIDII," 163 

defendemus. In cujus rei testimonium huic praesenti 
cartae meae sigillum meum apposui. Hiis testibus, domino 
Johanne Lambe capellano, Adam Spurcottes, Tohanne de 
Ruston, Hugone Sclacter, Thoma Goldsmyth, Roberto 
Taillour, Roberto de Corbrygges, et aliis. Datum in vico 
Sancti Egidii in Dunelm die Lunae prox. post festum 
Sancti Hilarii Anno Domini millesimo tr&centesimo 
septuagesimo tertio. 

Seal gone. Endorsed^ Carta Thomae Kirkland. 

(2). A.D. 1449. Indenture between Richard Mur and 
John Padtngham concerning a Burgage in Sadlergate. 

Haec indentura facta inter Ricardum Mur ex parte 
una & lohannem Padyngam in Dunelm. fullator ex parte 
altera testatur quod praedictus Ricardus dedi concescit et 
hac praesenti carta coniirmavit praedicto lohanni unum 
burgagium sicut jacet in Sadlargate inter burgagium 
Willelmi Chesman ex parte una & burgagium Thomae 
Trate capellano ex parte altera, habendum et tenendum 
praedictum burgagium cum omnibus suis pertinentiis 
libertatibus et aisiamentis suis praedicto lohanni pro toto 
tempore vitae suae libere quiete & paciiice de capitalibus 
dominis feodi illius per servicia inde jure consueta. 
Reddend. inde annuatim praedicto Ricardo heredibus 
et assignatis suis decem solidos argenti ad duos anni 
terminos, viz. ad festa Pentecostes & Sancti Martini in 
yeme per aequales porciones. Et si contigerit praedictum 
redditum decem solidorum a retro fore in parte vel in toto 
non sol.utum post aliquem terminum praedictum per spatium 
dimidii unius anni, quod tunc bene liceat praedicto Ricardo 
heredibus et assignatis suis in praedicto burgagio cum 
omnibus suis pertinentiis reintrare et in pristino statu 
possidere. Et praedictus Ricardus et heredes sui prae- 
dictum burgagium cum omnibus suis pertinentiis praedicto 
lohanni pro toto tempore vitae suae in forma praedicta 
contra omnes gentes warrantizabunt et defendent. In 
cujus rei testimonium partes praedictae hiis indenturis 
sigilla sua alternatim apposuerunt hiis testibus, Thoma 
Maldeson, Thoma Hauxwell, Willelmo Brune, et aliis. 
Dat. apud Dunelm prima die mensis Januarii anno domini 
millesimo quadragentesimo quadragesimo nono. 

Seal gone, 

(3)- 1 504' Cofy of Court RolL 

„ , r Curia capitalis tenta apud Gelygate Tercio 

urgus ^Jdie Octobris Anno Domini millesimo D"»o 
Gelygate \^^^^^^ 



164 



*' LIBER S. EGIDII." 



Dimissio 



Robertus Kay cepit de dominis quatuor 
burgagia simul jacentia unde unum eorum est 
aediiicatum cum suis pertinentiis prout jacent 
in Gelygate inter burgagium Wyllelmi Wylson 
ex parte orientali ex (et?) burgagium Magistri 
Hospitalis de Kepyere ex parte occidentali, 
habendum et tenencium eidem Roberto heredi- 
bus et assignatis suis a festo Pentecostes 
ultimo praeterito usque iinem termini nona- 
ginta et novem annorum ex tunc proxime 
sequentium et plenarie complendorum. Red- 
end, domino curiae per annum ad festa 
Sancti Martini et Pentecostes quinque solidos 
et tres precarias ^ in Autumpno. Et dictus 
Robertus heredes et assignati sui dictum tene- 
mentum cum burgagiis praedictis sufficienter 
reparabunt et sustentabunt sumptibus suis 
propriis durante termino praedicto dicto ter- 
mino. Et in fine termini praedicti sufficienter 
reparatum dimittent Et facta domino et vicario 
quae &c. Per plegium Ricardi Huchenson & 
Wyllelmi Robynson. Et dominus inveniet eis 
cum opus fuerit grossum mariemium.* Et dat. 
. pro fine xxd. 

(4). 1505. Co/>y of Court Roll. 
o 1 r Curia Capital Magistri Johannis Boerius 

r 1 t I tenta ibidem die Jovis vicesimo nono die mail 
^ ^^ (Anno domini millesimo D»™o quinto. 

Robertus Kay venit ad hanc curiam et 
sursum reddidit totum jus titulum et terminum 
quae habet in iiijo"" burgagiis simul jacentibus 
cum suis pertinentiis in Gelygate in Dunelm. 
de quibus burgagiis unum eorum edificatum est 
ad opus lohannis Thoroby. Et super hoc venit 
dictus lohannes Thoroby et fecit fidelitatem 
suam domino pro dictis iiij^' burgagiis cum 
suis pertinentiis habendis et tenendis dictis 
iiijor burgagiis cum omnibus libertatibus et 
aliis suis pertinentiis dicto lohanni heredibus 
et assignatis suis secundum vim formam et 
effectum dimissionis copiae predicto Roberto 
Kay factae et durante termino in eadem 
spec ificatione. 

' /.^., Boon-days. 

' For Meremium, which means timber for building* purposes. 
*' Grossum " may be taken to mean lam timber, such as would serve for 
beams and posts of half-timbered buildmgs. 



Sursum 



** LIBER S. EGIDII." 



165 



fidelit« 



r Et fecit finem cum domino de ijs. Et 
Jadmissus est & juratus. Et facta domino & 

vicinis quae incumbunt. Per plegium Antonii 

Wylkynson & lohannis Throp. 



(5). 1 522. Co/>y of Court Roll. 

Curia Capitalis Magistri Willelmi Frank- 
Burgus de leyn Clerici Magistri hospitalis de Kepyere 
Gelygate jtenta ibidem die Jovis xxvj die Junii Anno 
l^domini millesimo D™^ xxij^o. 

lohannes Thoroby venit ad banc curiam 
et sursum reddidit in manus domini totum Jus 
& terminum quem [habet in] iiijor burgagiis 
simul jacentibus in Gelygate in Dunelm. 
quorum unum eorum est edificatum ad opus 
Henrici Orrey. Et super haec venit dictus 
Henricus Orrey et cepit de domino dicta iiij^" 
burgagia cum omnibus lebertatibus eis perti- 
nentibus et suis pertinentiis habenda et tenenda 
dicta iiijo"" burgagia cum suis pertinentiis 
praedicto Henrico heredibus et assignatis suis 
A Festo Pentecostes ultimo preterito usque 
finem termini nonaginta et novem annorum 
extunc proxime sequentium & plenarie com- 
pletorum. Reddend. inde annuatim domino 

ad Festa Martini & pentecostes . 

Et dictus Henricus heredes et assignati sui 
dictum burgagium edificatum reparabunt et 
sustentabunt sumptibus suis propriis & expensis 
durante termino praedicto, et in fine termini sui 
sufiienter reparatum dimittent. Per plegium 

lohannis Wylkynson & lohannis . 

. Et dat. domino pro fine \]s. Et juratus. 



Dimissio ^ 



(6). 1 523. Cofy of Court RolL 

„ , r Curia Capitalis Magistri Willelmi Frank- 

urgus ^hgy Clerici Magistri Hospitalis de Kepyere 
yga e y^^^^ ibidem die Jovis xxi^o die Januarii. 



Fidelitas 



WillelmusCotysfurth filius et heres Rogeri 
de Cotysfurth venit ad banc Curiam et fecit 
fidelitatem suam domino pro uno burgagio 
cum suis pertinentiis jacente ex parte australi 
Vici de Gelygate inter burgagium Roberti 



i66 



<' LIBER S. EGIDII. 



»> 



Huddyspeth ex parte orientali et burgagium 
Thomae Spraghen ex parte occidentali, quod 
quidem burgagium dictus Willelmus habet 
jure hereditatis durante termino annorum per 
Magistrum Hospitalis de Kepyere Johanni 
Aygett & assignatis suis concessum, reddend. 
ut predictus Johannes prius reddidit per annum 
et faciend. domino & vicario suo quae &c. 
Per plegium Johannis Thorp & Ricardi Carn- 
furth. Et fecit finem de ijs. 

(7)* 1 525. Co/>y of Court Roll. 

f Curia Magistri Frankeley Clerici Magistri 
Burgus de Hospitalis de Kepyere tenta ibidem die Jovis 
Gelygate jxiiij die Decembris anno Domini millesimo 

Ad banc Curiam venit Ricardus Orrey et 
sursum reddidit in manus domini totum jus 
et terminum quae habet in quatuor burgagiis 
simul jacentibus in Gelygate in Dunelm. 
quorum unum eorum est edificatum ad opus 
Rogeri Bothe. Et super hoc venit dictus 
Rogerus Bothe et cepit de domino dicta 
quatuor burgagia cum omnibus libertatibus 
eis pertinentibus et ceteris suis pertinentiis 
habenda et tenenda dicta quatuor burgagia 
cum suis pertinentiis predicto Rogero heredi- 
bus et assignatis suis a festo Sancti Martini 
ultimo preterito usque finem termini nonaginta 
et novem annorum extunc proxime sequentium 
et plenarie completarum. Reddend. inde Annu- 
atim domino curiae ad festa Pentecostes & 
Sancti Martini in yeme vs. et tres precarias in 
Autumpno. Et dictus Rogerus heredes et 
assignati sui dictum burgagium edificatum 
reparabunt et sustentabunt sumptibus suis 
propriis & exspensis durante termino predicto, 
et in fine termini sui sufiicienter reparatum 
dimittent. Per plegium Petri Trued (?) et 
Johannis Thorpp. Et dat. domino pro fine — 
^ iji*. ij^« Et Juratus. 

(8). 1 542. Co/>y of Court Roll. 

Curia Willelmi Frankeleyn Clerici Magistri Hospitalis 
de Kepyer tenta ibidem die Jovis xix<> die Januarii Anno 



dimissio 



(( 



LIBER S. EGIDII. 



» 



167 



Regni Henrici octavi Dei gratia Angliae. 



domini 



Hiberniae et in terra supremi capitis Anglicanae ecclesiae 
tricesimo tertio coram Johanne Frankeleyn Senescallo 

ejusdem Hospitalis et Jacobo Ad banc curiam 

venit Ricardus Cornefortb de Dunelm. Tanner & cepit de 
domino totum illud burgagium situatum & jacens in vico 

de Geligate ex parte inter burgagium Roberti 

Hudspath ex parte orientali et burgagium Thomae 
Spraghen ex parte occidentali. Habendum & tenendum 
predictum burgagium cum suis pertinentiis sibi et assig- 

natis suis Reddend. inde per annum doniino curiae 

sicut prius redditum est. Quod quidem burgagium cum 
suis pertinentiis predictus Kicardus Corneforth habet et 

sibi et assignatis suis ex dono et concessione 

Willelmi Cottisforth sibi et heredibus Rogeri Cottisforth 
defuncti, prout patet per cartam ejusdem Willelmi prefato 

Ricardo et assignatis suis dat. xj^ die Novembris 

anno regni Henrici octavi &c. tricesimo tercio hie in curia 
ostensum. Et facta domino et vicinis quae incumbunt. 
Per plegium Johannis Thorpe & Petri Grenewell. Et dat. 
domino pro fine. Et ingressu . 

(9). 1542. Copy of Court Roll. 

Curia capitalis magistri Willelmi Franke- 
leyn Clerici magistri Hospitalis de Kepyere 
Burgus de J tenta ibidem die Jovis xvo die Junii Anno 
^ ' Domini millesimo quingentesimo quadra- 

gesimo secundo Coram Willelmo Bulmer 
. senescallo dicti hospitalis et Jacobo Parkynson. 

Dimissio Ad banc curiam venit Rogerus Bothe de 

generosus (?) et Sursum reddidit in 

manus domini totum jus et terminum quae 
habet in quatuor burgagiis simul jacentibus in 
Geligate in Dunelm. quorum unum est 
edificatum ad opus Johannis Coltman. £t 
super hoc venit idem Johannes Coltman et 
cepit de domino dicta iiij«" burgagia cum 
omnibus libertatibus eis pertinentibus & 
ceteris suis pertinentiis habenda et tenenda 
dicta iiij^^'^ burgagia cum suis pertinentiis 
prefato Johanni heredibus & assignatis suis 
a Festo Pentecostes ultimo preterito ante 
datum presencium usque finem termini nona- 
ginta et novem annorum ex tunc proxime 
sequentium et plenarie complendorum, Red- 



Gelygate 



i68 



** LIBER S. EGIDII.'* 



dend. inde annuatim domino hujus curiae 
ad Festa Sancti Martini et Pentecostes vs. 
et tres precarias in Autumpno, Et dictus 
Johannes heredes et assignati sui dictum 
burgagium edificatum reparabunt et susten- 
tabunt sumptibus suis propriis et expensis 
durante termino predicto et illud in fine 
termini sui sufficienter reparatum dimittent. 
Per plegium Ricardi Cornforth et Roberti 
Coltman. Et dat. domino 17^'. iid. Etjuratus 
est. 



Burgus de 
Gelygatt 



< 



(10). 1555. Copy of Court Roll. 

Curia capitalis Johannis Heithe ibidem 
tenta vicesimo die Junii Annis Regnorum 
Philippi et Marae Dei gratia Regis & 
Reginae Angliae Franciae Neapolis Jerusalem 
& Hiberniae fidei defensorum principum 
Hispaniorum et Siciliae Archducum Austriae 
Ducum Mediolani Burgundiae et Brabanciae 
Comitum Harpurgi Flandriae & Tirolis 
primo et secundo Coram Antonio Middilton 
.generoso senescallo ibidem. 

Ad banc curiam venit Robertus Cornfurthe filius et 
heres Ricardi Cornfurthe defuncti Et cepit de domino 
totum illud burgagium Scituatum et jacens in vico de 
Geligatt in suburbiis civitatis Dunelmi ex parte australi 
vici inter burgagium Roberti Huddespethe ex parte 
orientali et burgagium Thomae Spraghen ex parte 
occidentali, in quibus Isabella Cornfurthe vidua nuper uxor 
dicti Ricardi Cornfurthe inde pretendens \it,v^\ditarium ?\ 
jus v\d\uitatis ?\ hie in plena curia coram senescallo 
totum jus suam viduitatis sursum reddidit in manus 
domini & inde finire consensit {?) ad opus dicti Roberti 
Cornfurthe, habendum eidem Roberto Cornfurthe et 
assignatis suis a festo Pentecostes ultimo preterito ante 
datum presentium usque finem Termini nonaginta et 
novem annorum ex tunc proxime sequentium et plenarie 
complendorum. Reddend. inde annuatim domino Curiae 
ad festa Pentecostes et Sancti Martini in yeme aequis 
porcionibus xijrf. et unam precariam in autumpno. Et 
faciend. domino & vicinis quae incumbunt. Per plegium 
Gerrardi Cooke et Ingrami Tailior. Et dat. domino pro 
fine et ingressu ijj. Et Juratus &c. 



** LIBER S. EGIDII." 169 

(11). 1 558. Copy of Court Roll. 

Burgus de Curia capitalis Johannis Hethe Armigeri 

Gelygatt. ibidem tenta xvij^ die Januarij Anno Regnorum 

Philippi et Mariae dei gratia Regis et Reginae 
Angliae Hispaniorum Franciae utriusque 
Siciliae Jerusalem et Hiberniae, fidei defen- 
sorum, Archiducum Austriae, Ducum Bur- 
gundiae Mediolani et Brabantiae comitum 
Hapspurg Flandriae et (Tirolis?) quarto et 
quinto coram Anthonio Middilton generoso 
senescallo. 

Ad banc curiam venit Agnes Coltman nuper uxor 
Johannis Coltman defuncti. Et cepit de domino quatuor 
burgagagia simul jacentia in Giligate in Dunelm. cum 
omnibus suis pertinenciis quae praedictus Johannes 
Coltman dum vixit \the rest illegible^. 



(12). 1563. Lease by Churchwardens.^ 

This Indenture mayde the xix^^ day of Maii in the 
fyfte yeare of the Reigne of oure Soveraigne Ladye 
Elizabethe by the grace of God quene of Englande France 
& Irelande Defender of the faythe &c. Betwixe Thomas 
Robson John Gayre Umfray Smythe and Richarde Smythe 
Churche Wardens nowe of the parishe Churche of Saynte 
gyles in Durham one the one partye and Richarde 
Carter of gyllegait in the parishe one that other partye 
WiTNESSYTHE that the saide Churche Wardens for theym 
and there Successors withe the assent consent And 
agrement of Anthonye myddleton of Keapyere gentleman 
and the parishioners of the holle parishinge have demysed 
granted and to ferme letten and by these presents doythe 
demyse grante and to ferme lett unto the saide Richarde 
Carter all that there Tenement and garthe sett lyenge and 
beynge in gelligate Aforesaide betweene a tenement of 
James Colsons of the east And A tenement of Cuthbert 
Andersons of the west To have and to holde the saide 
tenement withe the garthe to the saide Richarde Carter 
And his Assignes from the feast of penthecost next insuinge 
the dayte herof unto the full ende and terme of twentye and 
one years thence next ensuyinge fuUye to be complett and 

' This lease, and those below numbered 13, 15, 17, 19, 20, 21, would be 
of tenements included in the *' Church Estate," which was held by the 
Churchwardens for the Parish. See ** Introduction" under "Parish Church 
and Living'." 



ii T Tovn o w:>^TT^rt " 



170 ''LIBER S. EGIDII. 

ended Yeildinge And payenge therfore yearlye durynge 
the said terme unto the saide Thomas Robson John gayre 
Umfraye Smythe and Richard Smythe Churche Wardens 
nowe of the said parishe Churche And theyre Successors 
for tyme beynge the somme of vjs of lawfull money of 
Englande at the feast of saynte Martin in Winter and 
penthecost by even proportions And if yt happen the sayd 
Rentt of vjs or anye parte or parcell therof to be behynde 

& unpaide in parte or in all by the space of xiiij dayes 

after anye of the saide feastes at whiche yt ought to be paid 
at That then yt shalbe lawfull to and for the saide 
Churche Wardens and there Successors for the tyme beynge 

in and upon the saide Tenement — and everye parte 

and parcell therof to enter and dystrene And the dystresse 
then and ther so taken to leade beare dryve & carye 
awaye and the same to hold untyll suche tyme the saide 
Rent withe the arreares yf anye suche be be unto the saide 

Churche Wardens & ther Successors fully And 

the sayde RicharJe Carter for hym and his assygnes 
covenantithe grauntithe and agreethe by these presents to 
and withe the sayde Churche Wardens and ther Successors 
That he the sayde Richarde Carter and his Assygnes shall 
well and suffycyentlye upholde mayntayne and repaire the 
sayd tenement withe the appurtenances belongynge unto yt 
durynge all the sayde terme at his proper costes and 
charges and shall at the ende of the sayde terme of xxj yeres 
leave the sayde tenement well and suffycyentlye repared at 
the syght of foure neyghbours within the sayde parishynge 
wherof the sayde Churche Wardens to taike Twoo And 
the sayde Richarde Carter to taike other twoo to vewe & 
judge the saym. In witness wherof the partyes abovesaid 
to these present Indentures interchangeablye have putt 
their sealles the daye and yeare abovesaid. 
Seals gone. 

(i3)« 1564. Lease by Churchwardens. {Imperfect). 

This Indenture maid the xxxiiij^^ day of marche in the 
sext yeare of the Reign of oure sovereigne ladye Elizabeth 
by the grace of God quene of englande france and Irelande 
defender of the fayth &c. Betwene Thomas Robson 
Richard Smyth John Gayre and Humfray Smyth church- 
wardens of the parish ot S^ gyles within the suburbes of 
the cytie of Durham on the one partie And John pereson 

of the cytie of Durham in the countie of Durham 

of the other partie Witnesseth that the saide Church 



U T T017D e TS'r-rrxTT >* 



LIBER S. EGIDII. 17 1 

wardens for them and there Successors with the assent 
consent and agreement as well of Anthonie mydleton of 
Kepeyere gent, as the parishyoners of the said parish 
Haythe dimised granted and to ferme letten and by these 
presents dimiseth granteth and to ferme letteth unto the 
saide John Pereson one tenemente with the appurtenances 
Set lyinge and beynge in gyllygate aforesaide betwene a 

tenemente tenure or Richard carter of theast 

partie And a tenemente nowe in tenure of thomas amerye 

and to hold the said tenemente with all and 

singular the appurtenances to the said John pereson 



his assignes penthecost next ensuynge the dayt 

hereof unto thende and terme of twentie and one yeares 

then and from the to be complet and ended 

Yeldinge and payng therefore yerelye duringe the said 

terme unto the said Church Wardens successors 

for the tyme beynge iijs. iiijd. of lawfull ynglish money at 

the feaste of S^ Martyn in winter and penthecost 

And yf yt happen the said Rent of iiijj". iiijrf. or anye part 
thereof too be behind and unpaid in part or in all at anye 

by the space of dayes and lawfully demaunded 

that then yt shalbe lawfull to the said Church wardens 

and their successors the said tenement with the 

appurtenances to enter and distreyne and the distresse so 

taken to lede dryve to deteane and hold unto 

suche tyme the said Rent with the arreares thereof yf anye 

suche * be fully pereson for him and his 

assignes covenants and grants by these presents to and 

with the said the tyme beynge That he the said 

John pereson and his assignes shall sufficiently 

with the appurtenances in all manner of necessarye repara- 
tions . And the same so sufficientlye repaired at 

thende of the said terme shall then persons of 

bothe the said parties to be electe and chosen. And the 

said Church wardens for them and to and with 

the said John pereson and his assignes that they the said 

Church wardens with the appurtenances to the 

said John pereson and his assignes agenst all men shall 

. In Wytnesse whereof the parties abovesaid to 

the present Indenture severallye have putt . 



(14). 1 565. Co/>y of Court Roll. 

Curia capitalis Johannis Heathe armigeri ibidem 
tenta xviij® die Januarij Anno Regni Elizabethae Dei 
gratia Anglie Franciae et Hiberniae Reginae fidei 



172 ** LIBER S. EGIDII." 

defense ris &c. Septimo, coram Anthonio Midleton 
generoso Senescallo. 

Ad banc curiam venit Thomas Cornefourthe et cepit 
de domino totum illud Burgagium situatum et jacens in 
vico de Geligait in suburbiis civitatis Dunelm. ex parte 
australi vici inter burgagium Roberti Huddespethe ex 
parte orientali et burgagium Thomae Spragen ex parte 
occidentali ; In quibus Robertus Huddespeathe inde habens 
jus hie in plena curia coram Senescallo totum jus titulum 
et statum suum sursum reddidit in manus domini ad opus 
predicti Thomae Cornefourthe habendum et tenendum 
prefato Thomae Cornefourthe executoribus et assignatis 
suis a festo Sancti Martini in yeme ultimo preterito ante 
datum presentium usque finem termini nonaginta et novem 
annorum ex tunc proxime sequendorum et plenarie com- 
plendorum. Reddendo inde annuatim Domino curiae ad 
festa pentecostes et Sancti Martini in yeme aequis 
portionibus xijrf., Et unam precariam in autumpno, Et 
faciendo Domino et vicario quae incumbunt. Per plegium 
Ingrami tailyer et Johannis taylyer. Et dat. Domino pro 
fine. Et Juratus &c. 



(i5)« i594« Lease by Churchwardens. 

This Indenture made the first Daye of Marche In 
the xxxvj'ie yere of the Reigne our Sovereigne Ladie 
Elizabeth by the grace of God Quene of England Fraunce 
and Ireland Defendour of the faith &c. Betwene Cuthbart 
Martinn Richard Storye Richard Glover and Thomas 
Cornforth Churchwardonns of the parrish of S^ Gyles in 
gilligate on the one partye And William Homble of 
gilligate within the Countie of Durham Carpenter on the 
other partye Witnesseth that the saide Cuthbert Martin 
Richard Storye Richard Glover and Thomas Cornforth 
(togither with the assent consent and agreement of the rest 
of all the parishioners of the saide Parrishe of S^ Gyles) 
for Dyvers good causes and consideracions them movinge 
have Demysed graunted and to ferme letten and by thes 
presents Doe Demise graunt and to ferme lett unto 
the saide William Homble all that theire tennament 
or burgage & garth with all and singuler the appurten- 
naunces thereunto belonginge scytuate lyinge and beinge 
in gilligate aforesaide on the southside of the saide street, 
betwene A tennament or burgage belonginge to Thomas 
Hudspith on the east side and A little garthe belonginge 
to Mr Raiph Billingham on the west side which said 



** LIBER S. EGIDII." 173 

Tennament or burgage is nowe in the tenure & 
occupacyon of lohn W ardell milner To have and to hold 
the saide tennament or burgage and garth with all and 
singuler the appurtenaunces thereunto belonginge unto 
the saide William Homble his heires executours Adminis- 
tratours and Assignes frome the feast of Pentecost next 
ensewinge the Date hereof unto the full end and terme of 
Twentie and one yeres then next folio winge & fullye to be 
complett ended and runn. Yeildinge and payinge there- 
fore therefore yerely Duringe the saide terme unto the 
saide Cuthbart Martinn Richard Glover Richard Storye 
and Thomas Cornforth Churchwardons, and to their 
Successours for the tyme beinge the sum of Tenn 
shillings of lawfull monney of England, att twoe tearmes in 
the yere, that is to say att the feast of S' Martin the 
Bushopp in Winter and Pentecost by evenn porcyons and 
also iiija. or one bone daye to Keepyere yerelye. And yt 
it happenn the saide yerelye [rent] of xs. or any part or 
parcell thereof to be behinde and unpayed att any of the 
Feastes aforesaide att which it ought to be payed or within 
xx^ie Daves after any of the said Feastes beinge lawfully 
Demanded that thenn and frome thensforth it shall and 
may be lawfull unto the said churchwardonns and their 
Successours for the tyme beinge unto the saide tennament 
or burgage with all and singuler the appurtenaunces there- 
unto belonginge to reenter and the same to have againe 
as in their former estate this Indenture or any thinge 
therein conteyned to the contrarye notwithstandinge And 
yt is also agreed betwene the said Cuthbert Martin Richard 
Storye Richard Glover and Thomas Cornforth church- 
wardons And the saide William Homble, that hee the 
saide William Homble his Executours Administratours and 
assignes shall sufficyenlye repare uphold and maintein all 
the said tennament or burgage with the appurtennaunces 
in all manner of necessarye reparacions so oftenn as need 
shall require Duringe all the saide terme of xxj^^e yeres, 
And att the end of the saide terme shall leave the same so 
sufficyentlye repared att the sight of fower honest men to 
be indifferently chosen betwene the saide partyes. And 
FURTHER it is agreed betwene the said Churchwardons and 
the said William Homble, that he the said William 
Homble and his assignes shall builde and sett upp 
one round (?) roofe with tymber and slate and all things 
necessarye thereunto belonginge betwene the forehouse 
and bacKhouse of the said tennament within one yere after 
the Date of thes presentes. In Witnesse whereof the 



174 ''LIBER S. EGIDII." 

partyes abovesaide to thes present Indentures inter- 
chaungeably have sett theire hands and sealles the day 
and yere first above wryttenn 

Wiirm Homble X 

Seal gone. 
Endorsed: Sealed and delyvered in the presence of thes 
witnesses John Bourdess 

Symond Smith 

James Hodshon 

[with others]. 

(i6). Counterpart of the above Indenture, with two 
seals {both gone\ and signed by the Churchwardens. 

(17). 1584. Lease by the Churchwardens. 

This Indenture maid the First daye of marche in 
the Sex and Twentie yeare of the Reigne of our Soveryne 
ladie Elizabeth by the grace of God quene of England 
France and Ireland defender of the faith &c. Betwene 
Symond Alderley Christofer Sherroton Railphe Gaire and 
Richard Hunter Churchewardens of the parishe Churche 
of S^ Gielles in the Suburbes of the Cittie of Durham on 
the one partie and James Colteman of the said parishe 
wever on the other partie Witnesseth That the said 
Churchewardens haith Demised Granted and to ferme 
letten and by these presentes demiseth granteth and to 
ferme letteth unto the said James Colteman one Tennement 
or burgaige with the appurtennances and one garthe there- 
unto belonginge lyinge and beinge in Gilligaite in the 
parishe aforesaid adjoinynge to one tennement nowe in 
the tenure of Humfry Smythe on the East and one 
tenemente of Richard Carter on the West the quenes street 
on the Southe and one Close called Elleseleases on the 
Northe laite in the tenure of wedow Colsonne or hir 
assignes To have and to holde the said tenemente or 
burgaige and garthe with the appurtenances to the said 
James Colteman his executors administrators and assignes 
Frome the Feast of Pentecost next comynge unto the Full 
ende and tearme of Twentie and one yeares then next 
Ensuynge fullie to be compleat and ended Yeilding and 
payinge therefore yearlie duringe the said Tearme of 
Twenty and one yeares to the said Churchwardens and 
their Successours the Some of six shillinges of good and 
lawfull Englishe money at the Feaste of S* Marty n the 
bushopp in winter and Pentecost by even porcions And 
yf it fortune the said yearlie rente of six shillinges or anie 



** LIBER S. EGIDII." 175 

parte or parcell thereof to be behinde and unpaied in parte 
or in all after anye of the Feastes aforesaid at which it 
ought to be paied by the space of Twentie dayes That 
then it shalbe lawfull to the said Churchwardens and their 
successours into the said tenemente or burgaige with the 
appurtenances [io] Enter and dystreyne and the distresse 
so taiken to lead drive and carrie Awaye and the sayme 
to detayne and holde unto the said yearlie Rente With 
tharrearages of the sayme yf anye suche be fuUie and 
whollie Contented and payed. And also the said James 
Colteman covenantes and grantes by these presentes for 
hym his executors administrators and assignes That they 
shall sufficientlie Repaire upholde mainteyn and kepe up 
of their proper Costes and Charges all the said Tenemente 

or burgaige and all other howses nowe builded 

upon the said Tenement or burgaige duringe all the said 
terme and the sayme so sufficientlie Repaired at the ende of 
the said tearme shall leave. And the said James Coltman 
Covenantes and grantes by these presentes to and with the 
said Churchwardens that it shall and maye be lawfull to 
the said Churchwardens and theire successoures once or 
twise in the yeare in the Sommer season yearlie duringe 
the said tearme to enter into the sayme Tenemente or 
burgaige and to vew and se the sayme and everie parte 
and parcell thereof and wheir they finde anye decaye in or 
upon anye the said howses belonginge to the premisses 
the said James covenantes and grantes for hym his 
executors and administrators to Amend build and Repaire 
the sayme before Winter then next followinge of his and 
their proper Costes and Charges or elles it shalbe lawfull 
to the said Churchwardens and theire successours into all 
and everie the premisses Abovesaid to Reenter and the 
sayme to have again in theire former estaite, and the said 
James Coltman his executors administrators and assignes 
Clearelie to expell and put out, this Indenture or anye 
thinge herein Conteyned to the Contrarie notwithstanding. 
In Witnesse whereof the parties Abovesaid to these 
Indentures interchangeablie have put to theire handes and 
seale the daye and yeare Abovesaid. 

One seal {gone) and signature {obliterated). 

Endorsed: Sealed and delivered in the presence of 
thes witnesses Richard Conyers 

John Cooke 
Thomas Browne 
Will'm Deanam. 
Anthony Cooke. 



176 ** LIBER S. EGIDII. 



»> 



( 1 8). Counterpart of the last. 

Four seals {all gone), and signatures, viz., Symond 
alderlie, Xpofer Sheraton, Raphe Gayre, H.R. 

Endorsed with names of the same witnesses. 

(19). 1584. Lease by Churchwardens. (Imperfect). 

This Indenture maied the xx^^e daye of June in the 

XXVI yere of the Irelande defendour of the 

faith etc. Betwene William Deanam Richard 

Suburbes of the Cytye of Durham on the one partye And 

Rychard Carter of Gillygate ip the same and 

theire Successours with the assent consent and agremente 

aswell of M^ John Heth \of\ Kepeyere letten and 

by thes presentes demiseth graunteth and to ferme letteth 

unto the A tenemente nowe in the tenure of 

James Cotman of the east parte and A tenemente /Aeire in 

the tenure of the garth with all and singuler 

thappurtenances to the saide Rychard [Carter] 

next ensuyinge the daite hereof unto the full end and 

terme of twentye and one yeres yerely durynge 

the said terme unto the said Churchwardens and their 

Successours S^ Martine in Winter and Pentecoste 

by even porcyons And yf it at any the feastes 

aforesaide by the space of twenty daies and to the 

said Churchwardens and theire Successours for the tyme 

beinge to enter carrye awaye and the 

same to Deteyne and holde unto such tyme 

fortune that a Distresse shalbe founde within the saide 

house theire successours to reenter into all and 

singuler the premises or any thinge therein 

conteyned to the contrarye notwithsandinge And 

with the said Churchwardens and theire Successours that he 

the said with the appurtenaunces in all manere of 

necessary reparacion said terme shall leave and 

quietly depart frome at the syght And that all 

and everie the promises of the party es . 

Four seals, all gone. 

(20). 1584. Lease by the Churchwardens. (Imperfect). 

This Indenture maide the xv^^ daye of June in the 
six and twenteth yere of the reigne of our sovereigne ladye 

Elizabeth by the grace of Englande Fraunce and 

Irelaunde defendour of the Faith &c. Betwene William 

Deanam Richard Frizell George and Anthony 

Co of the parishe of S* Giles within the suburbes 



** LIBER S. EGIDII." 1 77 

of the Cyty of Durhame on the one partye and Symond 

Awderley of the Cyty of Durham in the County of 

of thother partye Witnesseth that the said church- 
wardens for them and theire successours with the 
assent consent & agreement aswell of M*" John [Hethe of] 
Kepeyere Esquire as the parishioners of the said parishe 
haith Demysed graunted and to ferme letten And by these 
presentes demyseth graunteth and to ferme letteth unto 
the said Symonde Awderley one tenemente with the 
appurtenances &c. lyinge and beinge in Gillygate aforesaid 

betwene A tenement belonginge to nowe in the 

tenure of Rychard Chaitor of theaste parte And a tenemente 
nowe in the tenure of George Surtise of the west parte 

To HAVE tenemente with all and singuler the 

appurtenaunces to the saide Symonde Awderley and his 

assignes frome the Feaste of the nativitie of 

commonly called Mydsommer daye nexte after the daite 
hereof unto the end and terme of twenty and one yeres then 

and frome thenceforthe to be complete and ended 

Yeldinge and payinge therefore yerelie Duringe the said 
terme unto the saide Churchwardens and theire successours 
[for the tyme\ beinge five shillinges & six pence of lawfull 
English money at the Feastes of S^ Martine in winter and 

Penticoste by even porcyons Rente of ys, vjd. 

or any parte thereof to be behinde and unpayed in parte or 
[in] all att any the Feastes aforesaide by the space of 

twenty Daies and nowe Dwellinge house of the 

saide Symonde that then it shalbe lawfull to the said 
Churchwardens and theire successours for the tyme beinge 

into the appurtenaunces to enter and Distreaine 

and the Distresse so taken to leyde drive and carrye awaye 
and the same to Deteine and holde unto suche tyme the said 
Rent with the arrerages thereof if any suche be lawfully 
contented and payed. And if it shall fortune that no 

distresse shalbe founde within the said house to 

be taken for the none pament of the saide Rente then it 
shalbe lawfull for the saide Churchwardens and theire 
successours to reenter into all and singuler the premises 
and then and there to have againe in as large and ample 
manere as heretofore they have had, this Indenture or any 
thinge herein conteyned to the contrary notwithstanding. 
And the saide Symonde Awderley for him and his Assignes 
covenantes and grauntes by these presentes to and with 
the saide Churchwardens and theire successours for the 
tyme beinge that he the said Symonde Awderley and his 

12 



178 ** LIBER S. EGIDII. 



»» 



Assignes shall sufficientlye repaire uphold and mainteine 
all the said tenemente with the appurtenaunces in all 
manere of necessary reparacions so ofte as neade shall 
require duringe all the saide terme, and the same so 
sufficiently repairede at thende of the saide terme shall 
leave and quietly departe frome at the sight and vewe of 
fower honest men of both the said parties to be elected and 
chosen [three lines erased here] And that all and every the 
promises (?) of the part of the saide Symond Awderley 
shalbe surely performed fulfilled and kepte, George Surtisse 
and William Selbye yeomen of the City of Durham within 
the County of Durham Doe binde them and eyther of 
them in the sume of fower poundes of lawfull Englishe 
moneye to be paid to the said Churchwardens and theire 
successours for the tyme beinge if yt happen the said 
Symond to faile in the promises or in any of them. In 
Wytnesse whereof aswell the surties aforesaid as the 
parties abovesaid to thes present Indentures have put to 
theire Sealles the Daye and yere abovewritten 

[7%^ rest obliterated. Six seals, all gone], 

[Signed] Wylliam Denham ; George 



Endorsed: Sealed signed and delivered in the presence 
of thes witnesses ; 

Richard Smith 
Umfray Smith 
James Dow 
Thomas 
John Hubbeke 



(21). 1590. Lease by the Churchwardens. 

This Indenture made the fowertenth Day of Febru- 
arye In the xxxij^^^ yere of the reigne of our Sovereigne 
ladye Elizabeth by the grace of God Quene of Englande 
Fraunce and Irelande Defender of the Faith &c. Betwene 
John Bourdesse Thomas Marshell William Coltman & 
Arche Cunnyngham nowe Churchwardens of the Parrishe 
of S^ Gyles in Durham on the one partye And Edward 
Brantingham of GylHgate within the Countye of Durham 
laborer on the other partye Witnesseth that the said 
Churchwardens for them and theire successours with the 
assent consent and agreement of the rest of the parishioners 
of the said Parrishe have Demysed graunted and to ferme 
lettenn and by thes presentes Demyseth graunteth and to 
ferme letteth unto the saide Edward Brantingham all that 



1. - 



** LIBER S. EGIDII." 179 

one tennament or burgage and garth with all and singuler 
the appurtennances thereunto belonginge scituate lyinge 
and beinge within the saide streett of Gilligate neere Duke 
poole late in the tenure & occupacion of one wyddowe 
Howe deceased To have and to holde the saide tenna- 
ment and garth will all and singuler the appurtennances 
thereunto belonginge unto the said Edward Brantingham 
his heires Administratours and assignes frome the Feast of 
Pentecost next ensewinge the date hereof unto the full end 
and tearme of Twenty and one yeres then next followinge 
fullye to complett ended and Run Yeildinge and payinge 
therefore yerely Duringe the saide tearme of xxj**^ yeres 
unto the said Church wardons & theire successours for the 
tyme beinge the sum of syxe shillinges of good and lawfull 
English monney att two tearmes in the yere, viz. att the 
Feast of S^ Martin the Bushopp in winter & Pentecost. 

if it happen the said yerely rent of vj>. or any 

part or parcell thereof to be behind and unpayed att any of 
the saide Feastes or within xx^J^ dayes after beinge lawfully 
demaunded that then it shalbe lawfull to the saide Church- 
wardons and their successours into the said tennament and 
garth with all and singuler the appurtennances to reenter 

and the same to have againe in theire former 

right, thes Indentures or any thinge herein conteyned 
to the contrary notwithstandinge. And the said Edward 
for him his executours and assignes covenaunteth and 
graunteth by thes presentes to and with the said Church- 
wardons and theire successours that he the said Edward 
Brantingham his executours and assignes shall sufficiently 
repare uphold and mainteyne all the said tennament in all 
manner of necessary reparacons so often as need shall 
require Duringe all the said tearme and the same so 
sufficiently repared att the end of the said tearme shall 
peaceably leave and quietly depart from. In witnesse 
whereof the partyes abovesaid to thes present Indentures 
interchaungably have put theire handes & sealles the 
Day and yere nrst above written. 

One seal {gone). Signed, Edward Brantingham. 

(22). 1600. Copy of Court Roll. 

Curia Capitalis lohannis Heathe Armigeri tenta ibidem 
nono die Aprilis Anno Regni Elizabethae Dei gratia 
Angliae Franciae et Hiberniae Reginae fidei defensoris &c. 

luadragesimo secundo Coram Michaell Calverley generoso 

lenescallo. 



l8o ** LIBER S. EGIDII." 

Ad hanc curiam venit Mergaret Smithe nuper Relicta 
Ricardi Smithe defuncti et cepit de domino quatuor 
Burgagia jacentia in Geligate in Dunelm. cum pertinentiis 
habenda eidem Mergaret et assignatis suis a festo Sancti 
Martini in hyeme proxime futuro usque finem Termini 
Nonaginta et Novem Annorum ex tunc proxime sequentium 
et plenarie complendorum. Reddendo inde annuatim 
domino curiae vs, ad festa Pentecostes et Sancti Martini 
in hyeme acquis porcionibus et tres precarias in Autumpno 
nee non Molere granem suam ad molendinum domini Ex 
pinsere panem suum ad Communem pistrinam domini, 
nee non Reddendo Annuatim domino curiae ad festum 
Nativitatis domini unam gallinam et faciendo domino et 
vicinis quae incumbunt et dat. domino pro fine. Et jurata 
est et admissa est burgensis. 

• Michaell Calverley. 



Burgus 
de Giligate ^ 



(23). 161 7. Copy of Court RolL 

Curia Capitalis Johannis heeth senioris 
Armigeri domini hujus manerii Die Martis 
nono Die Julii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi 
nunc Angliae &c. decimo quarto et Scotiae 
quadragesimo nono Coram Johanne Richard- 
son Armigeri Senescallo ibidem. 
Ad hanc curiam venit Willelmus Sheraton et cepit de 
domino quatuor burgagia jacentia in Giligate in Dunelm. 
cum pertinentiis ex dono et concessione Georgii Smith, 
Habenda dicto Willelmo Sheraton et assignatis suis a festo 
Sancti Martini in hyeme proxime futuro usque finem termini 
Nonaginta et Novem Annorum ex tunc proxime sequentium 
et plenarie complendorum. Reddendo inde annuatim dicto 
domino curiae \s. ad festa Sancti Martini in hyeme et 
Pentecostes per aequales porciones et inveniendo tres 
precarias in Autumpno annuatim, Et faciendo Domino et 
vicinis quae incumbunt. Et dat. Domino pro fine iij*». Et 
Juratus est. Et admissus est inde burgensis 

Per me Johannem Richardson Sen. Armi- 
gerum Senescallum ibidem. 



(24). 16 18. Bond of Margaret Hall with Church'- 
wardens. 

Noverint universi per praesentes nos Margratam Hall 
de Giligate in Civitate Dunelmae widdowe et Hugonem 
Walton de Civitate Dunelm. Draper et Christoferum 



** LIBER S. EGIDII." l8l 

S de gilligate in Civitate Dunelmae taner teneri 

et firmiter obligari Tho. Corneforth Thomas Wan Robt 
Baker and Tho. Dauson locomiis ^ parochiae Sti Egidii 
in Civitate Dunelm, praedict. in octo libris bonae et legalis 
monetae Angliae Solvend. eidem Tho. Corneforth Tho. 
Wann Robt. Baker et Thomas Dauson Icomiis pro 
tempore existante parochiae praedictae aut certo atturnato, 
ad quam quidem solutionem bene et fideliter faciendam 
obligamus nos et utrumque nostrum per se pro toto et in 
solidum heredes executores et administratores nostros 
firmiter per praesentes Sigillis nostris Sigillatas. Dat. 
decimo tertio die Septembris Anno domini nostri Jacobi 
Dei gratia Angliae Scotiae Franciae et hiberni Regis fedie 
defensoris vicessimo sexto : Anno Domini 1618. 

Ge^TrgU G ^^^^ff^ 
Signum w pj^jj 
Margret 

Hugh Walton 

Sealed Signed and 

Delivered in the presents of us Swallow 

Edward Cornfor 
Signum Xpori Simpson. 
Endorsement. 

The Condition of this obligation is — That if the said 
withinboundent Magrett Hall her heires executores ad- 
ministratores and assignes and everie of them doe well 
and trewly performe fullfill and kepe all and singuler 
articules covenants grants and agrements which on hir 
part and behalfes are to be performed fullfilled and kept 
set downe and declared in one paire of indentures of 
divise (?) bering date heareof maid betwene the said Tho. 
Corneforth Tho. Wann Robt. Baker and Tho. Dauson 
of the one partie and the withinboundent Magrett Hall 
one the other partie according to the trew meaning of the 
said indenters that then this present obligation to be void 
and of none effect or else to stand and be in full force poure 
and vertue. 



(25). 1619. Band to fulfil conditions. 

Noverint universi per praesentes nos Robertum Carr 
de gilligate in suburbis civitatis Dunelm. lauborer et 
Richardum Tripp de Gilligate in suburbis praedictae 

' Meanings ** Iconomis" (for ** oeconomis "), ».e., churchwardens. 



l82 "UBER S. EGIDII.'* 

ci\ntatis Dunelm, \-eoman teneri et firmiter obligari 
Thomae Comnirth Roberto Baker Thomae Wann et 
Thomae Dawson gardianis parochiae de S^ Egidii in 
suburbis praedictae civitatis Dunelm. in decern libris 
bonae et legalis monetae Angliae solvendis eidem Thomae 
Cornfurthe Roberto Baker Thomae Wann et Thomae 
Dawson et successoribus suis, ad quam quidem solutionem 
bene et tideliter faciendam obligamus nos et utrumque 
nostrum per se & pn> toto executores et administratores 
nostros firmiter per praesentes sigillis nostris sigillatum. 
Datum octavo die Maii Anno Regni domini nostri Jacobi 
dei gratia Angliae Scotiae Franciae et Hiberniae Regis 
fidei defensoris &c* Angliae Franciae et Hiberniae decimo 
seplimo, et Scotiae Anno Domini 1619. 

The condicion of this obligacion is suche that yf the 
above bounden Robt, Can* his executors administrators 
and assignes do well and trewly obser\'e performe fulfill 
and keap all and everie covenant article clause and agree- 
ment which on his partie ar to be observed performed 
fulfilled and kept specified and declared in one paire of 
Indentures of lease maid betwene the above named Thomas 
Cornfurth Robt, Bilker Thomas Wan and Thomas Dawson 
on the one pjirtie and the above bounden Robt Carr on 
the other that then this present obligacion to be voyde and 
of none eflfect or elles to stand remane and be in full power 
strength and vertue, 

Robert Carr his Richard Tripp 

Mark X bis X mark 

£miorseti as ftKWnvs: 

Sealed signed and delivered in the presence 
of John Watson* Robert Barwicke, 
Christopher » Robert Wan. 



BONDS. 



There are also preserved in the Vestry , on separate 
sheets, 21 sealed Bonds, bearing dates from i62g to I'^iS 
inclusive, for guarding against certain persons becoming 
chargeable to the parish. 

The following are here given as specimens : — 

I. Noverint universi per praesentes me W™ Bainbrige 
de Gyllygate juxta Civitat. Dunelm. in Com. Dunelm. 
milner teneri et firmiter obligari Georgio Tayler de eadem 
in eodem Com. tanner et Roberto Heighington de eadem in 
eodem Com. roper in tres libris & quatuor solidis bonae et 
legalis monetae solvend. eisdem Georgio & Roberto aut suis 
certis in hac parte Attornatis executoribus administratoribus 
vel assignatis. Ad quam quidem solucionem bene et 
fideliter faciendam Obligo me heredes executores et 
Administratores meos firmiter per praesentes sigillo meo 
sigillatas. Dat. ultimo die mensis Augusti Anno regni 
domini nostri Caroli dei gratia regis Angliae Scotiae 
Franciae & hiberniae fidei defensoris, &c., quinto Annoque 
domini 1629. 

The Condicon of this obligacon is such that whereas 
Richard Garthfote hath by the consent of the abovenamed 
George Tayler and Robert Heighington (being over seers 
for the poore of the parish of S^ Gyles nere the said Cittie 
of Durham) hath put himselfe to be an Apprentice for and 
during the tearme of seaven years from henceforth and 
that the said W™ shall during the said tearme finde for the 
said Richard meate drinke and clothes and also sufficiently 
to instruct him in the milner's craft so that the said parish 
shall not from henceforth during the said tearme be 
charged with any further trouble or releaveing of the said 
Richard. If therefore the said W"* Bainbrige doe well 
hold performe fulfill and keepe all & everie particler of 
this present condicon, That then this obligacon to be 
void and of none effect, or else the same to stand remaine 
and be in full force strength and vertue. 

Sealed and delivered in the Signed 

presence of wilm X Bainbrige 

marke [Seal, with impression] 
Katherine X Maland IHS. 

Rob't Maland 

Notarie publiqe. , , 






184 BONDS. 

II. Noverint universi per praesentes me Elizabeth 
Edon de Gilligate in suburbiis civitatis Dunlm. et 
Comitat. Dunlm. vediam teneri et firmiter obligari Radulp 
Richardson et Richard Hutchinson de Gilligate in suburbiis 
civitatis Dunelm. praed. et Comitat. Dunlm. praed. Church- 
wardings in Viginti libris bonae et legalis monetae Angliae 
solvendis eidem Ralph Richardson et Richard Hutchinson 
aut suo Certo Attornato sucssecitoribus {successoribus) 
Church wardings vel Assegnatis suis. Ad quam quidem 
solutionem bene et fideliter faciendam obligo me heredes 
executores et Administratores meos firmiter per praesentes 
Sigillatas meo sigillo. Dat. vicessimo die Febuaris Anno 
Regni Domini nostri Carroli secundi dei gratia Angliae 
Scotiae Francae et hebernae Regis fedei Defensor. 
Vicesimo Quinto, Annoque Domini 1672. 

The Condition of this obligation is such that Whereas 
one William Thompson & dority his Wife hath taken a 
Roume or house of the above bounden Elizabeth Edon in 
Gilligate aforesaid in y^ parish of S^ Gilles, Whereas the 
said Ralph Richardson & Richard Hutchinson now 
Churchwardings would not their unto Alow of the said 
William Tompson & his wife or Children to be troublesom 
or burdinsom to y^ said parish of S^ Gilles, now y^ said 
Elizabeth Edon doth bind herself her heires executors & 
Administrators that the said Tompson nor his wife or 
Children shall not at Any tyme or tymes hereafter trouble 
but shall fully and Clearly Aquit discharge & save 
harmlesse as well Ralph Richardson & Richard Hutchin- 
son now Churchwardings of the said parish of Gilligat & 
Church of St. Giles & their successiors wardens for y^ 
tyme being & every of them as also all the Inhabitance of 
y« said parish dureing y^ tyme they doth remaine her 
tennants or in y« said parish of S^ Gilles, That then this 
present obligation to be voyd & of none effect, or else the 
same to stand Abide remaine & be in full force strength 
& vertue. 

Sigillat. et deliberat. in 

praesentia nostri Mark X & seale 

©his mark X^ N 

John I M Mastin Elizabeth (SealA^don. 

his make V J 
Wiir M Weames ^^^ 

Martin Harbotle. 



BONDS. 185 

III. Noverint universi per praesentes nos Matthew 
Denten & Jacobus Denton Teneri & firmiter obligari 
ohanno Martin Anthonio Dobson Richardo Coulson 
ohanno Busbey Matthio Denton Thomae Hastans 
officiores parochiae sancti egedii & successoribus eorum 
in Quadragintis Libris bonae et Legalis monetae An^lae 
solvendum eisdem officiores predictis veil successoribus 
suis ; ad quam quidem solutionem bone & fideliter faciendam 
obligamus noss heredess executores et administratores 
nostros firmiter per praesentes sigillis nostris. Datt. 
vicessimo octavo die Augusti Annoque Dom. 1705. 

The Condicon of this obligation is such that if y^ 
abound [above bounden ?] matthew Denton & James 
Denton both of this parish do well and truly save harmles 
as well the above named John Martin Antho. Dobson 
Richard Coulson John Busby Tho Hastans Matthew 
Denton officers of y® parish of S^ Gyles from all manner of 
Charge or Charges that now is or hearafter may happen 
to them or any of y® parish from the time being & from 
time to time to their successor officers of y® sai3 parish & 
parishioners of Elizabeth Sharpe & Margret Sanderson 
of y® said parish, both of which are by information of them 
before John Tempest Esq^e sworn to be y^ Bastefd Children 
of James Denton aforesaid when born ; if therfor ye said 
James & Matthew Denton do from time to time & at all 
times hearafter save harmles as well y® officers above 
said as their successors from year to year from all & all 
manner of Charge that may be imposed upon any officers 
or parishioners by reason of y^ said Elizabeth Sharpe Mary 
Sanderson or their bastards now sworn ; that then this 
obligation to be voyd, otherwise to stand in full force effect 
& vertue. Given under our hands this 28 August 1705. 

his 
George X Maugham 

mark 
Henry Parkinson 
^Walter Howie. 

ther /'""*N 
Mathew M [SealA Denton, 
mark \^^^^^ 

James [Seal. ] Denton. 



Signat. Sigillat. 

Deliberat. in 
praesentia nostri 



EXTRACTS FROM THE ACCOUNTS OF THE 

CHURCHWARDENS OF THE PARISH 

OF ST. GILES, DURHAM.i 



Disbursements. 

A.D. 1664. To John Rogers for his wages (sexton). 
To John Fawell for filling up a hole in the Cawse. For 
this New Book. For Spyles & Wood for the Cawsee, 3^. 
Item for our labour & charges when we gathered the sess 
for the Church & going about the Church business. 
Paid for ringers the 5th of November. Paid to Mr. Heath 
for half a years rent due at Martinmas last. Disburst to 
the poor at Easter, £1 i/\s. orf. Paid to Robert Branting- 
ham for the Turnpike, is. 4^. Paid to M^ Tempest for 
half a years rent, 8jr. 

1665. Paid at Elvet Church to the Archdeekon, 3^. ^d. 
For Wood & Spyles for the Cawsee, 3^. For mending the 
Turnpike. Disburst to the Poor at Christmas. Disburst 
to the Poor at Easter. For counter pens & in charges 
when we sealled the Leeses, 5^. To M' Tempest for a 
years rent, i6s, 

1666. To W™ Hall for a Pate's head, 6rf. Nicholas 
Dotchon for his rent at Pentecost, 5^. Spent when 
Nicholas Dotchon renewed his leese by us four Church- 
wardens, 2s. 6d. Nicholas Dotchon for his Lease, gs. 
Paid Mr Tempest for a years rent, i&r. For sweeping the 
Church lane. 

1667. P^ to Colonel Tempest for a years rent, i6t. 

1668. Paid at the Bishops visitation. Paid to Robert 
Brantingham for mending the pulpit, 4^. To Thomas 
Hayne for mending the Church porches. Given to the 
Power now at Whitsontide. To John Brown for a fox 
head. 

1669. For Counterpens of the leeses. Disburst to the 
poore. 



' The Churchwardess' Accounts of the Parish of St. Giles date from 
A.D. 1664, according to a Schedule of Books and Documents made by order 
of Vestry, December 26th, 1843, and entered in the Vestry Book, during the 
incumbency of the Rev. Francis Thompson. These extracts, found among 
his papers relating to the parish, appear to have been made by him as 
being representative specimens, or otherwise interesting. The three 
volumes from which they have been made, specified in the above-mentioned 
Schedule, are now said to be missing, but it is to be hoped that they will be 
found. 



churchwardens' accounts. 187 

1670. For Carrowinge of Stones for the Cawsey. 
M"* John Tempest for his rent. 

167 1. To the Kings receiver for rent. 

1672. Paid to Mr John Tempest. 

1673. To the collectors for a sesse for the royall aide. 
To John Rodgers for laying 2 layer stalls. To Cornell 
Tempest for his years rent. Paid to the Poore. 

1674. For lead for the queare dore & for the mans 
work. For the Kings rent. For watenng [watting?] of the 
Dean & Chap^ about the peticion all day. Paid to the 
Poore. 

1675. Wood & Spiles for the Cawsees. To the Poor 
at Christmas. To John Rodgers for laying a layerstall. 
To Mr Tempest for a years rent. For making a grave for 
a poor woman. Item bestowed upon this minester at 
several times. For getting a warrant for removing M^^ 
Booth. 

1676. Disburst to the minester, 3^. 6d. Bestowed 
upon the minester, is. Mow at another time, 6rf. Mow 
spent upon the minester, is, /\d. Mow at six times spent 
upon the minester, i^. 2d. Mow spent upon the Parson, 
2s. 4^. For two years church rent. For a fox head. 
Bestowed upon a Stranger that preached, is. To Captain 
Tempest for a years rent. To the Poore the Church rent 
& other Gifts in all. 

1677. For 3 days work at the Cawssee. To Captain 
Tempest for rent. Paid to the Poore. Rec^ of John 
Cosbell for his leese, 2^*. 6d. 

1678. A poor Lankeshire man. Spent for Keeper & 
Grange sess. A Peats head. Washing y^ church stalls. 
Paid for the Cawsees. For attending Midsum*" Sesshons 
for taking of y^ ;^20 fyne. Item for gathering Keep*" & 
Grange sess, is. 

1679. A kye to y« quire doore. 

1682. Paid to Mr Cam for buring Nell Roumfouts 
two children. For mending the pue for the parson. Paid 
for Mr. Cam larstawle [latrstall]. For Corn well Tempest 
rent. Spent when John Maston went to Hexhom aboute 
the man that gatt the childe with Hesse Leepers daughter. 

1683. For paving the Cawsy beyond Gills bridge. 
For ringing y« 4*** Aug^ when y* Judges came in. For 2 
years rent to y« Kings receivers. Spent with M*" Smith 



i88 churchwardens' accounts. 

when he preached. Spent with M' Gilpin at two times. 
Spent with M^ Martin. Spent with M' Blakeston. Spent 
with M*" Knaggs. For repairing the Cawsy. For dressing 
the poors land. To Tho^ Allenson for colouring y^ Litany 
Desk. For bread &wine for communicants. ForColonell 
Tempest rent. 

1684. Spent with M^" Gilpin when he preached. 
Spent with Mich. Corby when we let his Lease. Spent with 
Mr Thompson when he preached. P^ ye Kings rent. P*^ 
for ringing of y« coronation day. 

1685. Spent with person Teasdall at Tho^ Allinsons. 
Spent with person Tompson when he preatched. Paid the 
Kings rent. For laying M*" Emmerson Layer stall. Spent 
with person Teasdale & the rest of the Churchwardens. 
Paid to Margery Allinson for Ale given to person Martin. 

1686. Spent with M^ Forster. Spent when M*" 
Beamond preached. Spent when M^" Blackston preached. 
Given to John Bee in his sicknesse. To Nicho Dixon & 
Thos Watson for y^ Cawses in renton loning. Paid the 
Kings rent. For laying Tho^ Hunters layer stall. Spent 
w^ let M*" Wilsons lease. Spent with M*" Deane & M"" 
Martin. Spent at several times at Tho^ Allisons by y^ 
person w" we were not present. Paid for mending 2 stalls 
in ye church. 

1687. Spent w" ye person went to Cambridge. Paid 
w" M"" Lyell preached. Spent w^ we let David Torburn 
his Lease. For lending ye chancery office two days. For 
Mrs Hubbuck laire stall. For ye causees in renton Loning 
& all ye other cawsays. 

1688. For making a new battlement upon the church, 
;^io o^. orf. Spent when we got our sess laid. Spent upon 
the pavers. Paid ye Kings rent, 3^. ^d. Spent when M"" 
Kirton preached. Given to a poore woman in labor at 
Ed. Dentons. To ye ringers when King William was 
proclamed, 3^. 6d, When M^ Neele preached. W" the 
Bishops was set at liberty, 3^. For one fox head. For a 
warrant for removing incomers. For repairing the causes. 
For church garth dieke. 

1689. Receipt wanting. For the Kings rent. For 
treating ye persons w*» preached ye whole yeare. Spent w^ 
we were forced to attend the justises 2 times when Eden & 
Paxton petitioned for a redress of ye poore sess. 



churchwardens' accounts. 189 

1690. For laying the church porch. Given person 
Martin in ale when he preached. For ye Kings rent, 3^. 6d. 
For church rent, its. Walter Haires Sellery. John 
Rogers his wages. For y^ church hedge. 

1691. Two years church rent, £1 12s. od. Kings 
rent and acquittance, 3^. 4^. Given M^" Gamwell & other 
persons in drink. 

1692. For changing [cleynyng ?] y^ church plate. 
For y« causees, sand & stones. Rec^ for Anthony 
Dobson's lease, 2^. 6d. Anthony Dobson Churchwarden. 
For ye Kings rents. P^ y® Painter for y^ sentances. For 
Jane Browns Grave. Spent when we gathered in y^ out 
rents and street rentals in ye street to give M^ Newhouse. 
Pd Margery Allinson for drink given to persons. P^ for 
2 years church rent, i8j. 6rf., being in arrears of Polton 
Grange assesment to make it up, j£i 12s. orf. 

1694. Spent at y® summons of M'" Dobson maior for 
ye returning ye list or our poore, at the Bishop of Durham's 
request, who promised to send moneys into ye parish that 
the poore might not come to his gates. Spent at Gattey 
Whites with ye parson. P^ to ye minister & dark for 3 
funerals. P^ for ringing at ye Queens funeral. For 
treating parson Newhouse several times. P^ Walter Haire 
his 94 Sallery. P^ for Stones, &c., for ye church causeyes. 
For the church Hedge. 

1695. At the taking of Namure, 4^*. 3^. Stones & 
Slates & pointing the South porch. 3 years arrear of the 
Kings rent. Thanksgiving for delivery from ye late plott. 
Pd M' Done by Sir Christopher Musgrave, Sir Ralph Carr 
and W. Tempest Esq^e order for cassing up ye old poor 
scrowles & coppying ye new one, 2s. 6d. Spent upon M^ 
Forster when he preached several times. 

1696. Ye Kings rent. Two fox heads. Spent when 
Mr Martin M^ Forster & other persons preached. For 
labour & drink at the causey. 

1697. Given M*" Forster in ale when he preached, 
2s. od. For mending the pulpit. Spent when Sir George 
Whealer preached, 2^. od. For Births & Burials. 
Allowed Colonel Tempest for Church rent. 

1698. Paid for whitening ye church. Spent when Sir 
Geo. Wheeler preached (twice this year). Paid Colonel 
Tempest for Church rent, i&r. Given to bury Geo. Taylor. 
Paid for King's rents, los. For a bottle of wine for the 
sicke. Spent when M^ Sanderson preached. 



l8o ** LIBER S. EGIDII." 

Ad hanc curiam venit Mergaret Smithe nuper Relicta 
Ricardi Smithe defuncti et cepit de domino quatuor 
Burgagia jacentia in Geligate in Dunelm. cum pertinentiis 
habenda eidem Mergaret et assignatis suis a festo Sancti 
Martini in hyeme proxime futuro usque finem Termini 
Nonaginta et Novem Annorum ex tunc proxime sequentium 
et plenarie complendorum. Reddendo inde annuatim 
domino curiae vs. ad festa Pentecostes et Sancti Martini 
in hyeme aequis porcionibus et tres precarias in Autumpno 
nee non Molere granem suam ad molendinum domini Ex 
pinsere panem suum ad Communem pistrinam domini, 
nee non Reddendo Annuatim domino curiae ad festum 
Nativitatis domini unam gallinam et faciendo domino et 
vicinis quae incumbunt et dat. domino pro fine. Et jurata 
est et admissa est burgensis. 

• Michaell Calverley. 



Burgus 
de Giligate ^ 



(23). 161 7. Co^ of Court Roll. 

Curia Capitalis Johannis heeth senioris 
Armigeri domini hujus manerii Die Martis 
nono Die Julii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi 
nunc Angliae &c. decimo quarto et Scotiae 
quadragesimo nono Coram Johanne Richard- 
son Armigeri Senescallo ibidem. 
Ad hanc curiam venit Willelmus Sheraton et cepit de 
domino quatuor burgagia jacentia in Giligate in Dunelm. 
cum pertinentiis ex dono et concessione Georgii Smith, 
Habenda dicto Willelmo Sheraton et assignatis suis a festo 
Sancti Martini in hyeme proxime futuro usque finem termini 
Nonaginta et Novem Annorum ex tunc proxime sequentium 
et plenarie complendorum. Reddendo inde annuatim dicto 
domino curiae \s. ad festa Sancti Martini in hyeme et 
Pentecostes per aequales porciones et inveniendo tres 
precarias in Autumpno annuatim, Et faciendo Domino et 
vicinis quae incumbunt. Et dat. Domino pro fine iij^». Et 
Juratus est. Et admissus est inde burgensis 

Per me Johannem Richardson Sen. Armi- 
gerum Senescallum ibidem. 



(24). 1618. Bond of Margaret Hall with Church- 
wardens. 

Noverint universi per praesentes nos Margratam Hall 
de Giligate in Civitate Dunelmae widdowe et Hugonem 
Walton de Civitate Dunelm. Draper et Christoferum 



** LIBER S. EGIDII. l8l 

S de gilligate in Civitate Dunelmae taner teneri 

et firmiter obligari Tho. Corneforth Thomas Wan Robt 
Baker and Tho. Dauson locomiis ' parochiae Sti Egidii 
in Civitate Dunelm, praedict. in octo libris bonae et legalis 
monetae Angliae Solvend. eidem Tho. Corneforth Tho. 
Wann Robt. Baker et Thomas Dauson Icomiis pro 
tempore existante parochiae praedictae aut certo atturnato, 
ad quam quidem solutionem bene et fideliter faciendam 
obligamus nos et utrumque nostrum per se pro toto et in 
solidum heredes executores et administratores nostros 
firmiter per praesentes Sigillis nostris Sigillatas. Dat. 
decimo tertio die Septembris Anno domini nostri Jacobi 
Dei gratia Angliae Scotiae Franciae et hiberni Regis fedie 
defensoris vicessimo sexto : Anno Domini 1618. 

Sicfnum r\ ^ a 
Cirgii G Ciadgs 

m£^. X Hair 

Hugh Walton 

Sealed Signed and 

Delivered in the presents of us Swallow 

Edward Cornfor 
Signum Xpori Simpson. 
EndorsemenL 

The Condition of this obligation is — That if the said 
withinboundent Magrett Hall her heires executores ad- 
ministratores and assignes and everie of them doe well 
and trewly performe rullfill and kepe all and singuler 
articules covenants grants and agrements which on hir 
part and behalfes are to be performed fullfilled and kept 
set downe and declared in one paire of indentures of 
divise (?) bering date heareof maid betwene the said Tho. 
Corneforth Tho. Wann Robt. Baker and Tho. Dauson 
of the one partie and the withinboundent Magrett Hall 
one the other partie according to the trew meaning of the 
said indenters that then this present obligation to be void 
and of none effect or else to stand and be in full force poure 
and vertue. 



(25). 1 619. Bond to fulfil conditions. 

Noverint universi per praesentes nos Robertum Carr 
de gilligate in suburbis civitatis Dunelm. lauborer et 
Richardum Tripp de Gilligate in suburbis praedictae 

' Meanings ** Iconomis " (for ** oeconomis "), ».e., churchwardens. 



APPENDIX A. 



DOCUMENTS RELATING TO KEPYER HOSPITAL. 



L Bishop Nevill*s Confirmation of Charters, and 
Impropriation of St. Nicholas. ' 

[Durham Cursttor^s Roll, ^j, M. 6, No. ji, in Public 

Record Office]. 

Robertus * Dei gratia etc. Omnibus ad quos etc. 
Salutem. Inspeximus literas patentes venerabilis patris 
Johannis 3 nuper Episcopi Dunelmensis praedecessoris 
nostri factas in haec verba, Universis Sanctae matris 
ecclesiae filiis ad quorum noticiam praesentes literae 
pervenerint Johannes permissione divina Dunelmensis 
Episcopus salutem in Domino sempiternam. Noveritis nos 
inspexisse cartam concessionis et confirmacionis quam 
bonae memoriae Thomas 4 dudum Dunelmensis Episcopus 
praedecessor nostri immediatus fecit magistro et fratribus 
hospitalis Sancti Egidii de Kypier juxta Dunolm. in haec 
verba ; Universis Sanctae matris ecclesiae filiis ad quorum 
noticiam praesentes literae pervenerint Thomas permissione 
divina Dunolmensis Episcopus salutem in Domino 
sempiternam. Noveritis nos inspexisse cartam concessionis 
et confirmacionis quam bonae memoriae Ricardus s dudum 
Dunolmensis Episcopus Lodovici^ quandam Dunelmensis 
Episcopi mediatus praedecessor fecit magistro & fratribus 
hospitalis Sancti Egidii de Kypier juxta Dunolm. in haec 
verba ; Ricardus permissione divina Episcopus Dunol- 
mensis Omnibus ad quos praesentes literae pervenerint 
salutem. Inspeximus quandam inquisicionem quam per 
dilectos & fideles nostros Thomam de Fysscheburn & 
Willelmum de Denum nuper fieri fecimus in hec verba ; 
Inquisicio capta apud Dunolm. die Martis in -festo Sancti 

' This is the confirmation by Bishop Robert Neville in 1445 ^^ ^^® old 
Charters of Kepyer, which had been destroyed by the fire in 1309, as verified 
by a commission issued by Bishop Kellaw in 1380. In it previous con- 
firmations by bishops after Kellaw are cited ; the constitution and procedure 
of Kellaw's commission are described ; the Charters themselves, numbered 
I — XIX, are recited ; and annexed is the Impropriation by Bishop Neville of 
the Rectory of St. Nicholas to the Hospital. The same Charters, as 
exhibited in the Patent Rolls of Richard II, are printed in Dug'dale's 
Monasticon under ** Kepyer Hospital." The edition of them here g'iven is 
from the Close Rolls of Bishop Neville, now preserved in the Record Office, 
London. 

' Robert Neville (1437-57). ^ Richard Kellaw (131 1-18). 

3 John Fordham (1382-88). * Lewis Beaumont (1317-33). 

* Thomas Hatfield (1345-87). 



APPENDIX A. 193 

Thomae Apostoli anno Pontificatus domini Ricardi 
Dunolmensis Episcopi primo coram Thoma de Fyssche- 
burn & Willelmo de Denum per Willelmum Hiberne 
Johannem de Aldewode Willelmum dominum de Medmesley 
Henricum de Lumley Thomam de Graystanes Robertum 
de Bespole Ricardum de Moreton Willelmum dominum de 
Neuton Willelmum Postel Petrum de Trillesden Ricardum 
Stere de Wlmston & Johannem de Wheteley per breve 
ipsius domini episcopi in haec verba, Ricardus Dei gratia 
episcopus Dunolmensis dilectis & fidelibus suis Thomae 
de Fysscheburn & Willelmo de Denom salutem. Quia 
ex querela dilectorum nobis in Christo magistri & fratrum 
hospitalis Sancti Egidii de Kypier accepimus quod 
quaedam cartae & munimenta sua per quae ipsi & praede- 
cessores sui terras redditus & tenementa hospitalis praedicti 
tenuerunt nuper per incendium in quandam domum infra 
idem hospitale in qua cartae & munimenta ilia reposita 
fuerunt subito superveniens combusta fuerunt & consumpta, 
per quod eisdem magistro & fratribus & successoribus suis 
hospitalique praedicto poterit exheredacionis periculum 
de facili minere, Nos statim eorundem magistri & fratrum 
ac hospitalis sui praedicti pie compacientes & eisdem 
providere volentes in hac parte assignavimus vos ad 
inquirendum per sacramentum proborum & legalium 
hominum de comitatu Dunelm. et Sadberg. per quos rei 
Veritas melius sciri poterit quas terras quos redditus et 
quae tenementa iidem magistri et fratres vel praedecessores 
sui tenuerunt tempore combustionis praedictae et a quo 
tempore et de quibus et per quae servicia et quas terras 
et quos redditus et quae tenementa tenuerunt tempore 
praedicto per cartis et munimenta, et per quas cartas et 
quae munimenta, et quas terras et quos redditus et quae 
tenementa tenuerunt sine cartis et munimentis, et qualiter 
et quo modo et in quibus locis terrae illae redditus et 
tenementa existunt, et per quos terrae redditus et tenementa 
eidem Hospitali collata fuerunt, et a quo tempore et qualiter 
et quo modo. Et ideo vobis mandamus quod ad certos dies 
et loca quos ad hoc provideritis inquisicionem illam facialis 
et eam distincte et aperte factam nobis sub sigillis vestris et 
sigillis eorum per quos facta fuerit sine dilatione mittatis et 
hoc breve. Mandamus enim Vicecomiti nostro comitatuum 
praedictorum quod ad certos dies et loca quos ei scire 
faciemus venire faciat coram vobis tot et tales probos et 
legales homines de comitatibus praedictis per quos rei 
Veritas in praemissis melius sciri poterit et inquiri. In 
cuius rei testimonium has literas nostras fieri fecimus 
13 



194 APPENDIX A. 

patentes. Dat. Dunelm. per manus Willelmi Denum 
Clerici nostri sexto die Decembris Anno Pontificates nostri 
primo. Qui dicunt super Sacramentum suum quod tempore 
domini Petri de Thoresby nuper Magistri Hospitalis 
praedicti per incendium in quandam domum infra idem 
Hospitale subito superveniens die Martis in Crastino Sancti 
Brandani Abbatis, Anno Domini Millesimo CCC™^ sexto 
in qua cartae et quaedam munimenta per dominum Petrum 
tunc Magistrum dicti Hospitalis fuerunt posita combusta 
fuerunt. Et dicunt quod iidem Magister & fratres habuerunt 
cartas et munimenta de terris tenementis et redditibus 
infrascriptis die combustionis praedicti Hospitalis quae 
eidem Hospitali a diversis dantur et conceduntur imper- 
petuum, videlicet carta domini Ranulphi quondam Episcopi 
Dunolm. in hec verba : — 

Hospitale de Kypier, in Com. Palat. Dunelmensi. 

Num. i. [Bishop Flambard's original Foundation]. 

In nomine sanctae et individuae Trinitatis notum sit 
omnibus sanctae matris ecclesiae filiis, tam praesentibus 
quam futuris, quod ego Ranulphus, licet peccator et 
indignus, tamen Dei gratia Dunelmensis episcopus, banc 
ecclesiam in honorem Dei et sancti Egidii feci fieri, quam 
etiam tertio idus Junii dedicamus, anno ab incarnatione 
Domini mcxii^, qui est tertius decimus annus mei epis- 
copatus ; in qua dedicatione eidem ecclesiae, ad subsidium 
clerici qui inibi serviturus est, et ad sustentationem 
pauperum qui ibidem in hospitali domo quam feci con- 
versaturi sunt, res inferius subscriptas in liberam et 
perpetuam elemosinam dono ; et volo et praecipio, et 
auctoritate Dei et ista mea donatione, et praesentis cartulae 
attestatione confirmo, ut firma maneat et perpetua pro 
salute animae meae, et pro redemptione animarum illorum 
qui me nutriverunt ; scilicet Willielmi regis qui Angliam 
conquisivit, et Matildae reginae ; pro anima quoque 
Willielmi regis qui me in episcopatus honorem sublimavit, 
et pro salute animae regis Henrici qui me in eodem honore 
confirmavit ; necnon pro animabus illorum qui aliqua dona 
vel quamcunque elemosinam Ecclesiae S. Cuthberti con- 
tulerunt vel collaturi sunt. Haec autem quae dono, villam 
meam nomine Caldecotes cum omnibus quae ad earn 
pertinent, in planis et pascuis, in pratis et sylvis, in aquis, 
terris cultis et incultis, et exitibus, et omnibus consue- 
tudinibus et libertatibus, tam ecclesiasticis quam saeculari- 
bus ; et unum molendinum de Milneburn et duas garbas 



APPENDIX A. 195 

de meis dominicis de hiis villis ; scilicet de Newbotel, 
Hoghton, Wermuth, Refhope, Esingtone, Seggefelde, 
Schireburne, Qwerington, Neutone, Cestre, Wessingtone, 
Boldone, Clyvedone, Qwicham, et Ryton : quae omnia 
quieta et libera ab omnibus consuetudinibus praedictae 
ecclesiae Sancti Egidii et hospitali ad opus pauperum 
Christi dono. Quicunque autem ex hiis minuere inquietare 
vel auferre, vel ablata retinere, vel aliquibus vexationibus 
fatigare temere praesumpserit, noverit se illud Christo et 
Sancto Egidio auferre, et idcirco divino judicio cum 
sacrilegiis reus existere, atque districtae ultioni in extremo 
examine subjacere, et cum damnatis aeternaliter perire. 

Et dicunt quod magister et fratres habent unam garbam 
de decimis dominicis, et de alia garba penitus ignorant. 

Item cartam domini Hugonis quondam Dunelmensis 
episcopi in haec verba : — 

Num ii. [Bishop Pudsey's first Charter^ 

Carta Hugonis Dunelmensis Episcopi. 

Hugo Dei gratia episcopus Dunelm. omnibus Christi 
fidelibus praesentem cartam inspecturis salutem in Domino. 
Notum facimus universitati vestrae nos dedisse, et hac 
carta nostra confirmasse, omnes donationes quae Ranulphus 
bonae memoriae praedecessor noster hospitali S. Egidii 
de Kypier dedit et confirmavit. Concedimus etiam eisdem 
magistro et fratribus liberum burgagium, et omnibus 
hominibus eorum quibus illi concesserunt libertatem in vico 
S. Egidii Dunelmo : et quieti erunt de exercitu et omnibus 
auxiliis, et in-tol et u-tol, et operationibus et consuetudinibus 
et vexationibus et exactionibus. Concedimus etiam eisdem 
pasturam ad averia sua infra hayam et extra ; focale et 
maeremium et clausturam ubi eis sit magis ad aisiamentum 
habebunt sine vasto ; et quieti erunt per totam forestam 
nostram de pannagio. Dam us etiam eisdem quandam 
partem de peterio nostro de Neutone per illas divisas 
quibus Willielmus de Howedone et Philippus Forestarius 
eis seisivit ex parte nostra. Damus etiam eisdem et 
confirmamus unum toftum in qualibet villa ubi habent 
decimas de dominico nostro ; viz., in Hoghtone, Refhope, 
Esingtone, Derlyngtone, Seggefelde, Boldon, et Qwick- 
ham. Quare volo et firmiter praecipio ne aliquis 
ministrorum nostrorum nee clericus nee laicus namium 
fratrum accipiat, nee infra burgum nee extra, nisi in curia 
eorundem jure deficiant, et tunc per licentiam nostram vel 



196 APPENDIX A. 

justiciariorum nostrorum. Haec omnia damus eisdem in 
puram et perpetuam elemosinam. 

Item cartam dicti Hugonis in haec verba : — 

Num. iii. [Bishop Pudsey^s second Charter]. 

Alia carta dicti Hugonis. 

Hugo Dei gratia, ut supra. Notum facimus vobis 
nos dedisse et concessisse dictis magistro et fratribus S. 
Egidii, ad suscipiendos et sustentandos pauperes ibidem, 
villam de Clyftone, cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, in 
terris, aquis, molendinis, et piscariis, et omnibus quae ad 
eam pertinere noscuntur, cum omnibus consuetudinibus 
et libertatibus tam ecclesiasticis quam secularibus ad 
ipsam pertinentibus in liberam et perpetuam elemosinam. 
Dedimus etiam eisdem de unaquaque caruca de dominicis 
nostris in episcopatu nostro unam travam bladi sicut datur 
hospitali S. Petri in Eboracshire. Damus etiam eisdem 
decimas de omnibus novalibus nostris; id est de terris quae 
ante tempora nostra cultae non erant, quas de paludibus, 
et de frutectis in terram arabilem traximus, tam in 
Eborum provincia quam in nostra dioecesi, et in 
parochia de Hovedene ; ipsam quoque ecclesiam S. 
Egidii volumus et auctoritate Dei et nostra decrevimus 
liberam et quietam existere imperpetuum a synodabilus et 
omnibus aliis consuetudinibus quae per archidiaconum, 
sive per decanum, sive per aliquem officiarium eorum exigi 
solent. Haec omnia eisdem in liberam et perpetuam 
elemosinam, cum travis quae barones et alii nostrae 
dioecesis eis concesserunt et Deo auctore concedent, 
concedimus et praesenti carta confirmamus.^ 

* The following" Ordinatio of Bishop Pudsey for the regulation of the 
hospital, not included among the verified Charters, has been taken from 
** Collectanea," by Allan and Hutchinson, which will be found in the 
Durham University Library (Routh Collectiony LVI, c. 1, p. 574) : — 

** Ordinatio Hospitalis de Kypier, — Provisum est per Venerabilem 
Dominum Hugonem Episcopum Dunelmensis Ecclesiae, quod sint in Domo 
de Kepyer tresdecim Conversi, qui Professionem faciant Domui et Priori 
Domus more consueto, et tenebuntur ad Castitatem et ad renunciationem 
Proprietatis, et ad obedientiam Magistri quem Dominus Episcopus 
praeposuerit ; et erunt de numero Fratrum sex Capellani celebrantes pro 
animabus ejusdem Hugonis Episcopi, et venerabilis memoriae Domini 
Ranulphi Episcopi Dunelmensis primi Fundatoris de Kypier, Qui quidem 
Capellani ministrabunt in Capella in eadem, et unus eorundem Capellanorum 
quem Magister Hospitalis Priorem voluerit assignari una cum consensu 
Fratrum audiet Confessiones Fratrum Conversorum et Infirmorum infra 
Cunam [cuvam=^crypt-chapel?] et faciet Correctiones de ordine. "Septimus 
Conversus erit Dispensator et Lardarius. Octavus erit Custos Tannariae. 
Nonus erit Pistor Hospitalis. Decimus erit Custos Molendini. Undecimus 
erit Graunger et Custos Carucarum, Duodecimus erit Custos Instauri in 



APPENDIX A. 197 

Item carta Radulphi de Epplingden in haec verba : — 

Num. iv. Carta Radulphi de Epplyndone. 

Sciant praesentes et futuri quod ego Radulphus de 
Epplyndone dedi concessi et hac praesenti carta mea 
confirmavi magistro et fratribus S. Egidii de Kypier ad 
feodi fermam unam carucatam terrae cum suis pertinentiis 
in Epplyndone, cujus singulae bovatae sunt quindecem 
acrarum terrae, cum incremento xx bovatarum terrae de 
dominico meo, cum duobus toftis quae fuerunt Radulphi 
de Ponte et Normanni filii Sprowe ; quam quidem 
carucatam et viginti acras terrae cum toftis et aliis 
pertinentiis Robertus de Clivedon aliquando de me tenuit, 
et postea mihi reddidit in plena curia Dunelmi, et per 
chartam quietam mihi clamavit. Tenendum et habendum 
cum omnibus aysiamentis in pratis pascuis aquis stagnis et 
molendinis cum liberis introitibus et exitibus in viis et 
semitis in moris et mariscis et omnibus rebus et locis 
libertatibus et consuetudinibus infra villam de Epplyngdon 
et extra pertinentibus. Reddendo inde annuatim domino 
feodi illius quatuor solidos. Concedo etiam quod averia 
praedictorum magistri et fratrum pascantur ubique cum 
averiis meis et haeredum meorum, et habebunt duodecies 
viginti oves et xx porcos, ubi oves meae et porci mei 
vadunt in pastura ejusdem villae. Et praedicti magister et 
fratres capient omnimoda focalia ubique ubi ego et haeredes 
mei capiemus vel capere debemus in communi pastura 

diversis locis ubicunque habent Instauriin^.. Tertius decimus erit Receptor et 
Generalis Procurator omnium Negotiorum Hospitalis interius et exterius, 
quern Mag^ister cum assensu Prioris et Fratrum ad hoc praeficere voluerit. 
Et sciendum quod licebit Magistro Hospitalis per consensum Prioris 
illius loci et fratrum singulos istorum successive in officiis suis mutare 
secundum quod providerit utililati Domus magis expedire. Si autem plures 
Fratres fuerint in eadem Domo quam supra dicti tresdecem, variis officiis 
ejusdem Domus pro dispositione Magistri, Prioris, et Fratrum intendant. 
Fratribus autem numerum tresdecem excedentibus successive decedentibus, 
in loco illorum alios substituere nullus praesumat nisi Magister cum 
consensu Prioris et Fratrum ejusdem loci. 

** Si aliquis conversus ceciderit in languorem continuum, erit in 
Infirmitorio, et habebit necessaria in Victualibus sicut unus Frater percepit 
in Aula. Et sicut Magister habebit mensam suam in Aula nisi fuerit in- 
lirmus vel minutus, ita et Conversi mensam suam in eadem Aula habeant, 
nisi Magister pro necessitate Hospitum vel alia causa honesta aliquo 
tempore aliter judicaverit de necessitate faciendum. Et omnes Conversi 
simul jacebunt in Dormitorio, et omnes Fratres erunt vestiti decenti habitu 
et honesto, sicut decet Religiosos semel in anno. Et erunt calciati Fratres 
Capellani cum Botis bis in anno ; caeteri Conversi qui plus laborant 
quotiens necesse fuerit per annum Socularibus cum Coreis ligatis. Caetera 
autem necessaria, scilicet de Staminis Pannis lineis, et de Pannis ad Lectos 
Fratrum pertinentibus de Custuma Domus per visum Prioris illius Domus 
quotiens necesse fuerit sine contradictione aliqua obtinebunt." 



198 APPENDIX A. 

ejusdem villae. Praedicti vero magister et fratres dabunt 
multuram ad vicesimum vasculum quando et quamdiu ad 
molendinum meum molere voluerint et molent proximiores 
post me et haeredes meos. Et ego Radulphus et haeredes 
mei praedictam terram cum omnibus pertinentiis suis ut 
praedicitur praedictis magistro et fratribus per praedictum 
servicium contra omnes homines warrantizabimus et 
defendemus imperpetuum &c. 

Item cartam Gilberti Haunsard in haec verba : — 

Num. V. Carta Gilberti de Haunsard, 

Universis Christi fidelibus ad quos praesens scriptum 
pervenerit Gilbertus de Haunsard Salutem. Noverit 
universitas vestra me concessisse et hac praesenti mea 
carta confirmasse Deo et sanctae Mariae et hospital! S. 
Egidii extra Dunelmum quod vocatur Kypier totam 
terram meam de Aymuneston cum pertinentiis suis in villa 
et extra, et redditum x sol. quos mihi reddidit Willielmus 
de Boultone in eadem villa annuatim, et quinque bovatas 
terrae in villa de Hurtheworth, scil. illas quas bovatas 
terrae quas tenuit Edwardus de Clevedon cum toftis croftis 
ad quatuor praedictas bovatas terrae pertinentibus, et 
quintam bovatam terrae de dominico meo in tribus 
partibus, sicut jacet per campos, cum omnibus aisiamentis 
et libertatibus et liberis consuetudinibus, in liberam puram 
et perpetuam elemosinam, ad sustentationem unius 
capellani qui in perpetuum in dicto Hospitali divina 
celebrabit pro anima mea, patris, et matris meae, et omnium 
parentum meorum. . Habenda et tenenda de me et 
haeredibus meis imperpetuum ita libere et quiete sicut 
aliqua elemosina liberius et quietius habetur et tenetur in 
episcopatu Dunelmense. Et ego vero Gilbertus et heredes 
mei praedictas terras et dictum redditum contra omnes 
homines imperpetuum warrantizabimus. Hiis testibus, &c. 

Item cartam Walteri de Witton in haec verba : — 

Num. vi. Carta Walteri de Witton, 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus ad quos praesens scriptum 
pervenerit Walterus de Witton miles salutem. Sciatis me 
dedisse et praesenti carta mea confirmasse Deo et Hospitali 
S. Egidii de Dunelmo et magistro et fratribus ibidem Deo 
servientibus pro salute animae meae et haeredum meorum 
in liberam et perpetuam elemosinam totam terram meam de 
Frosterley sinealiquo retenemento cum omnibus pertinentiis 
et libertatibus in pratis et pascuis molendinis et aquis et 



APPENDIX A. 199 

omnibus escaetis quae jure contingunt vel imperpetuum 
contingere poterunt. Hanc terram concede praedicto 
hospitali magistro et fratribus quietam et solutam de me et 
heredibus meis imperpetuum. Reddendo michi et heredibus 
meis unam libram cimini ad festum sancti Cuthberti in 
Septembre et faciendo domino episcopo debitum servicium 
quod ad dictam terram pertinet pro omni alio servicio. Et 
ego Walterus et heredes mei praedictam terram cum 
omnibus pertinenciis suis praedicto hospitali magistro et 
fratribus contra omnes homines imperpetuum waran- 
tizabimus. Hiis testibus, &c. Et istas donacionem et 
concessionem quas praedictus Walterus de Witton fecit 
deo et Hospitali S. Egidii et Magistro et fratribus ibidem 
deo servientibus de tota terra de Frosterley Nicholaus 
quondam Episcopus Dunelmensis confirmavit in omnibus 
sicut carta praedicta testatur. 

Item cartam Hugonis quondam Episcopi Dunelmensis 
in haec verba : — 

Num. vii. [Bishop Pudsey's third Charter]. 

Alia carta Hugonis Episcopi Dunelmensis, 

Hugo Dei gratia Dunelm. episcopus priori et conventu 
S. Cuthberti et archidiaconis et omnibus sanctae matris 
Ecclesiae filiis salutem. Notum facimus universitati 
vestrae nos dedisse et praesenti carta nostra confirmasse 
Deo et hospitali S. Egidii de Dunelmo Quitteleys et 
Swyneleys per istas divisas, a sursa Knokedenburne usque 
ad sursam de Ayelshopburne ; Deinde recta linia usque ad 
Darewent, quae est divisa inter eos et archiepisc. Ebor. et 
Walterum de Bollebec, sicut Derewent decurrit usque 
dum Ayelshopburne descendit in eam, et quicquid 
continetur infra istas divisas sit imperpetuum ad suscipien- 
dum et sustentandum pauperes Christi. Minerum quoque 
plumbae ad cooperiendum ecclesiae S. Mariae et Omnium 
Sanctorum et infirmatorium hospitalis praedicti ; et 
minerum ferri infra Rokehope ad carucas et alias 
necessitates faciendas : Et pasturam ad omnimoda averia 
sua habebunt undique in eadem. Et pedes canum eorum 
non sint ibi, neque ad wacheriam de Werdale truncati ; set 
pastores ducant eos ligatos pro feris ad averia sua servanda 
pro lupis. Et unum toftum quod dedimus eis per 
procurationem fratris Ranulphi ad opus dicti hospitalis ; 
scilicet praedictum toftum de la Laundene. Pasturam etiam 
in foresta nostra ad averia sua habebunt. Damus etiam 
praedicto hospitali et confirmamus decimam de tota terra 
quae pertinet ad Bradewode, et totam decimam de Besan- 



300 APPENDIX A. 

kelde usque ad Witheles, et unam travam bladi de 
unaquaque caruca de Werdale. Decimas quoque de 
omnibus novalibus nostris ; id est de terris quae ante 
tempora nostra cultae non erant, quas de paludibus et de 
frutectis in terram arabilem traximus per nummos nostros 
vel per kirsete." Omnia ista praedicta praedicto hospital! 
damus damus concedimus et confirmamus in puram et 
quietam liberam et perpetuam elemostnam existere, &c. 

Item cartam Johannis de Romeseye in haec verba : — 

Num. viii. Carta Johannis de Romeseye. 

Sciant praesentes et futuri quod ego Johannes de 
Romesheye dedi concessi et hac praesenti carta mea 
confirmavi Deo et S. Egidio et custodi hospitalis de 
Kypier et fratribus ejusdem loci ibidem Deo servientibus 
et in perpetuum servituris, in subsidium sustentationis 
pauperum ibidem contluentium, redditum sexaginta et 
quinque solidorum, quern Leonius Jilius Willielmi de 
Herz et Gregorius de Levingthorth Walterode Monasteriis 
reddere consueverunt, et homagia et servicia, reievia, 
wardas, et escaetas de tota medietate villae de Claxtone, 
quam de me tenuit : Et quicquid juris habui vel habere 
potui in eadam medietate villae praedictae sine aliquo 
retenemento affectu pietatis ; petens quod fiat in singulis 
missis celebrandis in capella de Kypier per unam collectam 
commemoratio, et in canone missae pro anima piae 
recordationis Ricardi DuneJmensis episcopi secundi, et pro 
anima venerabilis patris et domini mei Nicholai Dunel- 
rnensis episcopi ; habenda et tenenda praedictis magistro 
et fratribus et eorum successoribus de Willielmo de 
Monasteriis capitali domino dictae medietatis villae, et 
heredibus suis, in liberam et perpetuam elemosinam 
imp>erpetuum. Reddendo eidem Willielmo et heredibus 
suis xijrf, per annum ; sciliget sex denarios ad festum 
pentecostes et sex denarios \ad festum S. Martini, et 
faciendo fonnsecum servicium Vebitum, sicut continetur 
in carta Walteri de Monasteriis &atris praedicli Willielmi 
de Monasteries ,nde confecta et &« custodi et fratribus 
liberaia. Nichoiaus quondam eniS^op"s Dunelmensis 
dsnationem et concessionem praed?ctl1S.r^ic"^ '« praedicta 
carta contine tur confirmavit. ^"" XZl.., 

A^ "J*^'"!'^ apparently .he same as Kirksco, "^^dV;'-"^ 

defined in Jacobs Law Dictionary ,^,. ."?^'' "i" Churct, o^mto^ 
to the Pansh Priest j from which duv the R^iiJ""^*"""^'")' obUr '■ "'•t^ 
an exemption for lhen>selve» and their'^.e,^„,f f^""" '"^^"meTp:"". "^idV 



APPENDIX A, 20I 

Item cartam Robert! de Corbech et Sibillae filiae ejus 
in haec verba : — 

Num. ix. Carta Roberti Corbech et Sibillae filiae ejus 

de villa de Hunstanworth. 

Notum sit omnibus tarn praesentibus quam futuris 
quod ego Robertus Corbech et Sibilla filia mea et omnes 
heredes nostri dedimus et concessimus et fide praestita 
quietum clamavimus domui S. Egidii de Dunelmo villam 
de Hunstanworth et omnem terram ad eam pertinentem, 
divisis apertis divisam, de Boltisburne usque Boltislawe, 
et de Boltislawe usque ad Evelshopheved, et Evelshop- 
heved usque ad Derewentam, et de Derewenta usque ad 
Boltisburne pro amore et fraternitate domus, et propter 
decern marcas quas magister de Argentaneo et fratres 
praenotatae domus nobis in caritate dederunt, honorifice et 
pacifice possidendam cum omnibus libertatibus ad illam 
terram pertinentibus, quas libertates carta domirii Hugonis 
episcopi memoratur et confirmat ; Faciendo episcopo 
Dunelm. servicium duodecimae partis cujusdam militis, de 
omnibus aliis serviciis pacificam et quietam. Quam con- 
ventionem ut ipsa rata permaneat ego Robertus assensu 
filiae meae Sibillae et omnium heredum meorum sigilli mei 
munimine roboravi. 

Item cartam Roberti de Corbech et Sibillae filiae ejus 
in haec verba : — 

Num. X. Alia carta ejtisdem Roberti. 

Robertus Corbech omnibus videntibus vel audien- 
tibus istas literas salutem. Sciatis me calumpniam quam 
habui de terra ilia quae est inter Knokendenburne et 
Derewentam quietam clamasse, et communem pasturam in 
Hunstanworth dedisse et hac praesenti carta mea con- 
firmasse Deo et hospitali S. Egidii de Dunelmo et fratribus 
ibidem Deo servientibus, pro salute mea et uxoris meae et 
heredum et parentum meorum, et pro anima mea et 
antecessorum meorum, &c. 

Item cartam Roberti quondam episcopi Dunelm. in 
haec verba : — 

Num. xi. Carta Roberti Dunelmensis Episcopi. 

Universis sanctae matris Ecclesiae filiis ad quos 
praesens scriptura pervenerit Robertus Dei gratia Dunelm. 
episcopus salutem in Domino. Noveritis nos divinae 



202 APPENDIX A. 

miserationis intuitu dedisse concessisse et hac praesenti 
carta nostra confirmasse Deo et ecclesiae S. Egidii de 
Kypier, magistro et fratribus ibidem Deo servientibus et 
servituris totum tenementum nostrum cum suis pertinentiis 
quae habuimus in villa de Crawcrok ; quod quidem 
tenementum habuimus de dono Thomae de Holynside et 
Isoldae uxoris ejus, cum molendino et tota secta ejusdem 
yillae sicut nos liberius tenuimus ; et redditum Daniel et 
johannis Loty cum terra sua et cum tota sequela sua. 
Et terram quam Adam de Rytone quondam tenuit ; et 
quendam boscum qui vocatur le Frith cum toto alio bosco 
ad dominicum pertinente ; et totum Altunside a molendino 
descendendo usque le Frith ; et omnes operationes ejusdem 
villae cum piscaria aquae de Tyne, una cum tofto, 
tenemento, et suis pertinentiis quod habuimus de dono 
Laurentii de Lyntz in eadem villa de Crawcrok. Dedimus 
etiam Deo et dictis ecclesiae S. Egidii magistro et fratribus 
ibidem Deo servientibus totam villam de Inestan cum suis 
pertinentiis, quam quidem villam habuimus de dono Jacobi 
Birun sicut plenius testatur in cartis dictorum Thomae 
Isoldae Laurentii et Jacobi : habenda et tenenda dictae 
ecclesiae S. Egidii magistro et fratribus ibidem servientibus 
Deo et servituris bene et in pace, libere et quiete, in 
liberam et perpetuam elemosinam cum omnibus pertinentiis 
ad dicta tenementa et villam spectantibus ; faciendo tamen 
pro praedictis tenementis de Crawcroke et dicta villa de 
Inestane et suis pertinentiis nobis et successoribus nostris 
Episcopis Dunelmensibus servicium debitum et consuetum, 
&c. 

Item cartam Radulphi de Mundavill in haec verba : — 

Num xii. Carta Radulfi de Mundavill. 

Universis Christi fidelibus ad quas praesens scriptum 
pervenerit Radulfus de Mundavill salutem in Domino. 
Noverit universitas vestra me caritatis intuitu concessisse 
et hac praesenti carta mea confirmasse Deo et hospital! 
S. Egidii de Kypier, pro salute animae meae et ante- 
cessorum et successorum meorum, unam travam bladi 
de singulis carucis villae meae de Stotfold, tam in dominicis 
meis quam de aliis, ad sustentationem pauperum ibidem 
undecunque confluentium, &c. 

Item cartam Gilberti camerarii in haec verba : — 
Num. xiii. Carta Gilberti Camerarii. 

Omnibus sanctae matris ecclesiae filiis tam praesen- 
tibus quam futuris Gilbertus camerarius salutem. Noverit 



APPENDIX A. 203 

universitas vestra me dedisse concessisse et hac praesenti 
carta mea confirmasse Deo et hospital! S. Egidii et fratribus 
in domo sua servientibus figere stagnum molendini sui de 
Kypier super terrain meam quando utilius facere poterint 
in liberam et quietam et perpetuam elemosinam, pro salute 
domini mei Hugonis Dunelmensis episcopi, et pro salute 
animae Theobaldi fratris mei ; et pro salute animae meae 
et uxoris meae Julianae Papedy, et pro salute heredum 
meorum, ut elemosinarum et omnium beneficiorum Hos- 
pitalis Sancti Egidii participes efficiamur, &c. 

Item carta Willelmi de Herz in haec verba : — 

Num. xiv. Carta Willielmt de Herz {Hertz). 

Omnibus has literas videntibus vel audientibus 
Willielm de Herz salutem. Sciatis me dedisse concessisse 
et haec praesenti carta mea confirmasse Deo et hospitali 
S, Egidii de Kypier et fratribus ibidem Deo servientibus 
in liberam puram et perpetuam elemosinam, pro salute 
animarum patris et matris meae et omnium parentum 
meorum, duas bovatas terrae in villa de Claxtone cum 
omnibus pertinehtiis suis quae fuerunt Henrici de Herz, 
scilicet viginti et quatuor acras terrae et linam acram prati, 
et unam rodam in le Holme versus Cretterton cum tofto 
propinquiori Waltero Bernard versus orientem continentes 
in longitudine quinque perticatas et in latitudine quinque 
perticatas. Habenda et tenenda de me et h^eredibus meis 
praedicto hospitali et dictis fratribus et eorum 3uccessoribus 
imperpetuum libere quiete et integre et ab omni seculari 
servicio exactione et demandis in pratis et pasguis in moris 
mariscis aquis stagnis molendinis in introitibus et exitibus 
et omnibus communibus libertatibus et aysiamentis prae- 
dictae terrae pertinentibus infra villam et extra, Et ego 
Willelmus et heredes mei warrantizabimus imperpetuum 
contra omnes homines praedictam terram cum omnibus 
pertinentiis suis praedictis Hospitali et fratribus et eorum 
successoribus. Hiis testibus, 8lc. 

Item cartam Quenilldae uxoris Ricardi de Lockes in 
haec verba : — 

Num. XV. Carta QuenilcUie uxoris Ricardi de Lokes. 

Notum sit omnibus sanctae matris ecclesiae filiis tarn 
clericis quam laicis literas istas audientibus vel videntibus 
quod ego Quenilda uxor Ricardi de Lokes, consensu et 
voluntate heredis mei Willelmi, et Ricardus de Lockes 
maritus meus ex parte mea damus et concedimus et [per] 



204 APPENDIX A. 

praesentem cartam nostram confirmamus xij acras terrae 
in Medomesley Deo et S. Mariae et omnibus Sanctis, et 
hospitali S. Egidii in Dunelmo in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam liberam quietam et solutam ab omnibus 
terrenis serviciis pro amore Dei et pro salute animarum 
nostrarum et et antecessorum nostrorum et successorum. 

Item cartam decimae de Clifton in haec verba : — 

Num. xvi. Compositio inter Pr, et Conv, Dunelmensis 
Ecclesiae et Procuratorem dicti Hospitalism ^ 

Anno ab incarnatione dominicae mcxcvii.^ septimo kal. 
Augusti, scilicet in crastino Beati Jacobi, Pontificatus 
domini Hugonis Dunelmensis episcopi anno tricesimo 
sexto, facta est haec compositio inter Germanum priorem 
et coventum Dunelmi ecclesiae, et Adam canonicum 
procuratorem hospitalis S. Egidii, et fratres ejusdem 
hospitalis, ex voluntate et consensu domini Hugonis 
Dunelmi episcopi ; scilicet quod prior et monachi quietam 
clamaverunt imperpetuum decimam bladi di Cliftone 
domui S. Oswaldi de Elveta ; ita quod fratres dicti 
hospitalis nullo unquam tempore aliquam decimam de 
praedicta terra reddent ; sed tota decima bladi terrae 
illius, sicut aliae obventiones, sine omni diminutione et 
retractione praefato hospitali quieta remanebit imperpetuum. 
Fratres autem dicti hospitalis, in recompensationem 
singulis annis in perpetuum reddent super altare S. 
Oswaldi de Elveta in die ejusdem Sancti unum bisantium 
vel duos solidos. Et insuper duas garbas de decima 
dominii de Newtone quietas clamaverunt imperpetuum 
praedictae ecclesiae S. Oswaldi quae a tempore Ranulphi 
episcopi, sicut in ejusdem carta continetur, usque ad illud 
tempus reddi solebant praefato hospitali ; ita quod nullo 
unquam tempore aliquam decimam occasione cartarum 
suarum vel privilegiorum exigent infra divisas villae de 
Newtone, set tota decima bladi infra divisas ejusdem villae, 
sicut et aliae obventiones, sine omni diminutione et 
retractione quieta remanebunt imperpetuum ecclesiae S. 
Oswaldi de Elveta ; et, ne alterutra pars ab hac com- 
positione resilere possit, in praesentia domini Hugonis 

* This Composition, together with Bishop Pudsey's confirmation of it, 
still exists in the Durham Treasury {4.^, 16, Spec, No, ^5). From the copy 
of the Composition there preserved, Kellaw's Commissioners may be 
supposed to have verified it. 

. ' Apparently an error for MCLXXXix, as it is in the original document 
preserved in the Durham Treasury. This, and not 1197, was the 36th year 
of Hugh Pudsey's pontificate. 



APPENDIX A. 205 

Episcopi huic inde in verbo veritatis promiserunt se etiam 
bona fide imperpetuum servituros, et ipse Episcopus earn 
carta sua confirmavit imperpetuum et confirmandam 
statuit, &c. 

Item cartam Henrici Lyghfot in haec verba : — 

Num. xvii. Carta Henrici LyghfoL 

Omnibus hoc scriptum visuris vel audituris Henricus 
Lyghfot salutem. Noveritis me dedisse concessisse et hac 
presenti carta mea confirmasse in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam magistro et fratribus domus de Kypier in 
subsidium sustentationis elemosinae ibidem faciendae 
totam terram meam quam habui apud Dernecrok, tam 
terram quam habui ex emptione quam terram quam 
tenui de domino episcopo Dunelm., quietam et solutam 
de me et haeredibus meis imperpetuum tenendam 
et habendam de dominis feodi illius cum omnibus 
libertatibus liberis consuetudinibus et aisiamentis dictis 
terris pertinentibus faciendo servicium debitum in cartis 
feodacionis meae contentum libere, &c. Quam quidem 
donationem Robertus quondam episcopus Dunelmensis 
in omnibus confirmavit et concessit dictis Magistro et 
fratribus et successoribus suis hanc clausulam. Nos autem 
eisdem concedimus housbote et haybote in boscis nostris 
et successorum nostrorum, per visum et liberationem 
forestariorum nostrorum, et quieti erunt de sectis 
curiarum nostrarum et molendinorum et de pannagio 
porcorum, videlicet de porcis propriis, Sec. 

Item cartam de Bedlyngtonshire in haec verba : — 

Num. xviii. De novem Solidis pro Travis Carucarum de 

Bedelyngtonshire dicto Hospitali datis per 

Inhabitantes ejusdem. 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus ad quos praesens scriptum 
pervenerit Willielmus Halchor, Robertus Cnowald, 
Willielmus Birilot, Thomas filius Rogeri de Bedlyngton, 
Walterus et Robertus filii Roberti de Nedderton, Adam et 
Elyas frater ejus de Chapyngton, Thomas et Johannes de 
Slyburne, Alanus, Adam et Walterus Caritas de Camhuse, 
Edmundus filius Rogeri, et Laurentius filius Odardi, et 
Adam Serviens, et Ranulphus filius Petri, Robertus filius 
Henrici, et Robertus Palnure de parva Slykburne, salutem 
in Domino. Cum antiqua constitutione venerabilium 
patrum et dominorum nostrorum Dunelm. episcoporum 
constitueretur ut de singulis carucis omnium dominiorum 



2o6 APPENDIX A. 

eorum daretur una trava bladi hospital! S. Egidii extra 
Dunelmum caritatis intuitu ad sustentationem pauperum 
et peregrinorum ibidem undecunque confluentiuniy 
Nos eorum constitutionem approbantes et devote acceptantes 
dedimus et concessimus et hac praesenti carta nostra 
confirmavimus, pro salute animarum nostrarum patrum 
et matrum et omnium parentum nostrorum, Deo et dicto 
hospitali S. Egidii extra Dunelmum spontanea voluntate 
nostra, in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, novem solidos 
pro travis carucarum nostrarum de Bedelyngton-shire ; ita 
quod tam nos quam haeredes nostri ad banc elimosinam 
praestandam imperpetuum teneamur ad festum S. 
Michaelis solvendam ; ita quod nisi infra xv. dies proxime 
post festum Michaelis solvantur, nos et haeredes nostri 
elapsis illis xv. diebus, pro novem solidis nomine poenae 
solvemus decem solidos. Et ut haec nostra donatio rata 
et inconcussa futuris temporibus permaneat, praesens 
scriptum sigillorum nostrorum appositione roboravimus 
hiis testibus, etc. 

Item cartam Stephani Capellani in hae verba : — 
Num. xix. Carta Stephani Capellani. 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus ad quos praesens 3criptum 
pervenerit Stephanus capellanus salutem. Noveritis me, 
caritatis intuitu et pro salute animae meae dedisse con- 
cessisse et praesenti carta mea confirmasse Deo et domui 
S. Egidii extra Dunelm. totam terram quam habui 
in vico S. Egidii de Southcrofte, cum aedificiis et 
omnibus pertinentiis suis, Tenendum et habendum libere 
quiete pacifice et honorifice in liberam puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam reddendo inde annuatim Adae de Lumesdene 
et haeredibus suis xii^/. per annum, et haeredibus de 
Kelnelawe unum denarium per annum, et faciendo burgo 
omnia servicia debita et consueta. Et ut haec mea donatio, 
&c. 

Nos autem praemissa testificari et veritati volentes 
testimonium perhibere, ne Magister et fratres aut successores 
sui seu dictum Hospitale Sancti Egidii per defectionem 
cartarum et munimentorum suorum praedictorum sic 
combustorum dampnum aut exheredacionis periculum 
futuris temporibus incurrant, inquisicionem praedictam 
duximus exemplandam. Et volumus et concedimus pro 
nobis et successoribus nostris quod praedicti magister et 
fratres omnes terras redditus decimas et tenementa 



APPENDIX A. 207 

supradicta de quibus seisiti fuerunt die confectionis 
praesencium habeant et teneant sibi et successoribus suis 
imperpetuum, Et quod ipsi omnibus libertatibus et liberis 
consuetudinibus quibus ipsi vel praedecessores sui 
temporibus retroactis usi sunt vel gavisi decetero gaudeant 
et utantur prout eis uti et gaudere consueverant sine 
contradictione nostri vel successorum nostrorum, donaciones 
concessiones et confirmaciones praedictas Magistro et 
fratribus factas prout in dicta inquisitione continetur ratas 
habentes, et grantatas eas pro nobis et successoribus nostris 
sibi et successoribus suis ut praedictum est tenore 
praesencium confirmamus. Et in testimonium prae- 
missorum sigillum nostrum praesentibus duximus 
apponendum. Datum apud Kypier undecimo die Marcii 
Anno Domini Millesimo ccc. xj et Pontificatus nostri 
primo ; Nolentes quod praedicti Magister et fratres vel 
successores sui quicquam de terris tenementis aut redditibus 
supradictis decetero vendant aut alienent sine nostra vel 
successorum nostrorum licencia speciali : Set eis omnem 
potestatem ad hoc totaliter interdicimus per praesentes. 
Et si contrafecerint factum suum in hujusmodi decernimus 
non valere nee roburis firmitatem aliqualiter optinere. 
Nos autem omnia praemissa et singula in honorem Dei et 
beatae Mariae et Sancti Egidij et pro salute animae nostrae 
praedecessorum et successorum nostrorum tenore praesen- 
cium pro nobis et successoribus nostris praedictis Magistro 
et fratribus et successoribus suis concedimus et confirmamus 
imperpetuum. Quare volumus et concedimus pro nobis et 
successoribus nostris quod praedicti Magister et fratres 
hospitalis praedicti et eorum successores habeant et teneant 
omnes terras possessiones et tenementa sua in omnibus 
cum omnibus libertatibus liberis consuetudinibus et 
quietanciis de exceritu [stc] et omnibus auxiliis in tol et utol 
operacionibus consuetudinibus vexacionibus exaccionibus 
Muragiis pickagiis et panagiis tam temporibus nundinarum 
et Marcati quam omnibus aliis temporibus anni pro se et 
hominibus suis de vico Sancti Egidii et pro ipsis Magistro 
et fratribus et eorum successoribus de serviciis et servagiis 
et quibuscumque demandarum secularium, ac eciam omnes 
terras et tenementa sua libertates et quietancias ac omnia 
et singula in ista confirmacione et in aliis cartis et 
confirmacionibus contenta eisdem Magistro et fratribus aut 
praedecessoribus suis per quemcunque datis et concessis 
eisdem Magistro et fratribus et eorum successoribus tam 
pro se quam pro hominibus suis de vico Sancti Egidii 
concedimus ratificamus et confirmamus pro nobis et 



208 APPENDIX A. 

successoribus nostris imperpetuum. Et ad haec volumus et 
concedimus pro nobis et successoribus nostris, si ministri 
praedecessorum nostrorum vel nostri de praedictis Magistro 
et fratribus aut eorum tenentibus aliquid contra tenorem 
praesencium usurpaverint seu levaverint temporibus 
retroactis, quod amodo non trahatur in consequenciam nee 
quicquam de eis levetur in futurum, set volumus et 
concedimus pro nobis et successoribus nostris quod ipsi 
Magister et fratres et eorum successores omnibus libertatibus 
et liberis consuetudinibus praescriptis libere et quiete in 
omnibus decetero gaudeant et utantur sine contradictione 
nostri vel successorum nostrorum imperpetuum. Et in 
testimonium omnium praemissorum sigillum nostrum 
praesentibus duximus apponendum. Datum in Castro 
nostro de Aukland viij die mensis Marcii Anno Domini 
Millesimo cccxlv^ et pontificatus nostri primo. Nos 
igitur Johannes Episcopus memoratus ob specialem 
affeccionem quam ad Sanctum Egidium et dictum Hospitale 
gerimus et habemus, Volentesque dictorum Magistri et 
fratrum eorumque successorum quieti providere, praedictas 
concessiones ratificaciones et approbaciones ratas habentes 
pariter et acceptas eas quantum in nobis est pro nobis et 
successoribus nostris juxta formam et tenorem earundem 
ratificamus approbamus ettenore praesencium imperpetuum 
confirmamus. In cuius rei testimonium sigillum nostrum 
praesentibus duximus apponendum. Datum in Manerio 
nostro de Stokton ultimo die Mensis Maij Anno Domini 
Millesimo ccclxxxiiij'^ et pontificatus nostri tercio. 



[Impropriation of the Rectory of St. Nicholas,^] 

Inspeximus eciam quasdam literas nostras sub sigillo 
nostro ad causas Johanni Lound in utroque jure Bacallau- 
reo nunc Magistro sive Custodi Hospitalis praedicti et 
fratribus ejusdem de annexione unione et incorporacione 
ecclesiae parochialis Sancti Nicholai Dunelmensis factas et 
per Priorem et Capitulum Dunelm. confirmatas in hec verba: 
Universis Sanctae Matris ecclesiae filiis praesentes literas 
inspecturis vel audituris Robertus permissione divina 
Dunelmensis Episcopus salutem in Domino sempiternam. 
Ex pastoralis officii debito nobis incumbit paternae 

' There is a copy of this Deed of Impropriation in the Dean and Chapter 
Treasury, Register III, folio 291. The variations therein are i^iven in the 
notes. The Deed is here given almost in full, notwithstanding its intolerable 
verbiage, which often obscures the sense. It may serve as a specimen of 
the ancient art, not yet obsolete, of spinning out legal documents with a 
view to payment for them. 



APPENDIX A. 209 

consideracionis intuitum ^ diligenter ad ea dirigere ^ quae ad 
ecclesiarum statum et utilitatem ac subditorum nostrorum 
quietem tendere videantur. Significato nobis nuper per 
partem Magistri Johannis Lounda in utroque Jure Bacallarii 
Magistri sive Custodis Hospitalis de Kepier nostrarum 
collacionis et diocesis quod, licet ipsum Hospitale de 
Kepyer ex sua prima fundacione sufficienter fundatum 
extiterat sicque per nonnulla tempora retroacta in fructibus 
redditibus et proventibus ad sustentionem Magistri sive 
custodis et ceterorum in eodem degencium competenter 
dotatum permanserat, Jamque4 temporis cursu indeterius 
dilabente fructus redditus et proventus ejusdem Hospitalis 
ita tenues et exiles existunt in praesenti quod ad 
exhibicionem dictorum Magistri sive custodis et aliorum 
ut praefertur inibi degencium, edificacionem reparacionem 
et construccionem domorum eidem Hospitali pertinencium, 
ac ad Hospitalitatem pro qua principalius fuerat fundatum 
aliaque omnia eidem incumbenciadebitaS supportanda non 
suppetant ejusdem Hospitalis facultates nisi ei de alicujus 
subvencionis remedio succurratur ; Presertim cum idem 
Hospitale juxta civitatem nostram Dunelm. et viam 
publicam sit notorie constitutum et ex adventu et recepcione 
Hospitum pauperum et egenorum ad illud indies con- 
fluencium multipliciter oneratur, dictumque Hospitale 
propter causas praemissas et alias legitimas pro parte dicti 
Magistri sive custodis ejusdem coram nobis allegatas tanto 
onere pregravatur et adeo notorie indegens existat, 
Presertim propter subtraccionem et detencionem travarum 
bladi^ quas de unaquaque carucata terrae de dominicis 
nostris in Episcopatu nostro et eciam diocesi de tenentibus 
percipere deberet de consuetudine et eciam de jure, quod 
annexio unio et incorporacio ecclesiae parochialis Nicholai 7 
Dunelmensis nostrarum eciam collacionis et diocesis 
ecclesiae et domui Hospitalis Sancti Egidii de Kepier 
antedictis ejusdem Magistro sive Custodi et fratribus 
facienda tam Juri quam pietati consonae merito censerentur, 
propter quae ex parte dicti Magistri sive custodis nobis 
humiliter extitit supplicatum et instanter petitum quod 
propter praemissa specialiter expressata et alias causas 
veras justas et legitimas coram nobis pro parte ejusdem 
sufficienter expositas dictam ecclesiam Sancti Nicholai cum 
suis libertatibus juribus et pertinenciis universis ecclesiae 



' Intuitu. 
• Erigere. 
3 Lounde. 
^ Jam tamen. 

14 


5 Debite. 

* ** Travae Egidi " in margin. 

7 Sancti Nicholai. 



2IO APPENDIX A. 

et domui Hospitalis antedicti ejusque ' Magistro sive 
Custodi et fratribus ac eorum successoribus quibuscumque 
unire annectere et incorporare in usus suos proprios 
perpetuo possidendam et alia de quibus et prout inferius 
continetur ac de et super supra et infrascriptis pronunciare 
declarare ordinare statuere et decernere in hac parte quod 
justum fuerit et consonum pietati auctoritate nostra 
ordinaria dignaremur intuitu caritatis. Nos igitur, qui 
piorum locorum ecclesiasticorum et praecipue Hospitalium 
relevacionem et conservacionem appetimus cultumque 
divinum ubique cupimus adaugeri, precibus et peticionibus 
dicti Magistri sive custodis super causam appropriacionis 
et unionis huiusmodi superius expressatam quantum de 
jure possimus favorabiliter annuentes, ad diligentem 
prosecucionem ejusdem Magistri sive custodis de et super 
ipsa causa unionis annexionis incorporacionis et ap- 
propriacionis antedictam, &c., &c., in forma juris 
inquisivimus et inquiri fecimus diligenter, ac subsequenter 
super unione annexione incorporacione sive appropriacione 
hujusmodi facienda et aliis cum dilectis filiis Priore et 
capitulo ecclesiae nostrae Cathedralis Dunelm deliberacio- 
nem habuimus diligentem et tractatum : Et quia, tarn per 
deciciones^ testium in inquisicione de qua supra fit mencio 
productorum juratorum et diligenter examinatorum tarn 
per ea quae coram nobis Priore et capitulo ecclesiae nostrae 
praedictae sunt allegata proposita et probata, nobis constat 
manifeste pro evidente utilitate et urgente necessitate 
unionem annexionem, &c., fore rationabiliter faciendam ; 
Nos Robertus Episcopus antedictus Invocata Sancti Spiri- 
tus gratia una cum consilio et consensu Prioris et capituli 
ecclesiae nostrae Cathedralis Dunelm. supradictae aliorum- 
que Juris peritorum nobis assidencium causas appropria- 
cionis hujusmodi in dicta peticione nobis expositas, &c., 
veras legitimas et sufficienter et rite ac recte propates3 fuisse 
et esse pronunciavimus decrevimus et declaravimus, ac 
ipsam ecclesiam Sancti Nicholai Dunelm. predictam cum 
suis libertatibus juribus et pertinenciis universis ex causis 
praedictis et propter eas praedictam ecclesiam domui 
Hospitalis memorati Magistro sive custodi et fratribus 
ejusdem ac eorum successoribus omnibus et singulis de 
voluntate et expresso consensu dicti Prioris et capituli 
ecclesiae nostrae antedictae, jure cujuscumque semper salvo, 
auctoritate nostra ordinaria anneximus4 univimus incor- 



' Ejusdemque. 3 Probatas. 

' Depositiones. * Annexuimus. 



APPENDIX A. 211 

poravimus et appropriavimus, sicque annectimus unimus 
incorporamus et appropriamus in usus suos proprios 
perpetuo possidendam per praesentes : Ita quod liceat 
praefato Magistro sive custodi qui pro tempore fuerit 
cedente decedente resignante vel amoto Rectore dictae 
ecclesiae Sancti Nicholai qui nunc est seu ea quomodolibet 
vacante ipsius ecclesiae possessionem auctoritate propria 
apprehendere et licite retinere in usus suos proprios 
perpetuo possidendam nostri vel successorum nostrorum 
Dunelmensium Episcoporum auctoritate voluntate seu con- 
sensu nullatenus requisita. Et, ne dictae' unionis an- 
nexionis incorporacionis sive appropriacionis negocium 
ultra debitum prorogetur aut nostra in ea parte intencio 
quovis modo frustretur, Rectori dictae ecclesie Sancti 
Nicholai moderno facultatem permutandi eandem inter- 
dicimus et ipsam ecclesiam ad eundem effectum reser- 
vandam decernimus et afficimus per decretum. Per banc 
autem unionem annexionem incorporacionem sive ap- 
propriacionem nostram praedictam nolumus nee intendimus 
quod onera ipsius ecclesiae Sancti Nicholai ordinaria vel 
extraordinaria imposterum quovis modo subtrahantur 
cultusve divinus in aliquo diminuatur aut cura animarum 
parochiae ejusdem necligatur in eadem : Set volumus et 
tenore praesencium statuimus et decernimus quod status 
ejusdem ecclesiae et onera quaecumque de jure vel con- 
suetudine eidem incumbencia debito modo supportentur 
ipsique ecclesiae deserviatur laudabiliter in divinis, et 
cura ejusdem per bonos ministros et ydoneos debite 
supportetur ; In quibus conscienciam Magistri sive custodis 
dicti Hospitalis de Kepier pro futuris temporibus existentis 
oneramus et onerandam * esse decernimus per praesentes, 
Juribus nostris Episcopalibus et ecclesiae nostrae Cathedralis 
Dunelm. libertatibus privilegiis et dignitate, Juribus eciam 
et privilegiis alterius cujuscumque semper salvis. In 
quorum omnium et singulorum testimonium atque fidem 
sigillum nostrum ad causas praesentibus est appensum. 
Datum in Manerio nostro de Aukland quinto die Mensis 
Junij Anno Domini Millesimo ccccxliijos et nostrae 
Translacionis Anno sexto. Et nos Prior et capitulum 
supradicti, in fidem et testimonium huiusmodi diligentis 
tractatus per praefatum Reverendum patrem dominum 
Robertum Dunelm. Episcopum nobiscum super praemissis 
unione annexione incorporacione appropriacione ecclesiae 



' Dictum. 3 Quadringentesimo tertio. 

' Oneratam. 



212 APPENDIX A. 

praedictae et causis ejusdem in domo capitular! prae- 
dicta, et aliis solempnitatibus quae in hujusmodi 
concessionibus unionibus annexionibus incorporacionibus 
et appropriacionibus requiruntur, habiti,^ ac consensus 
nostri supradicti ad praemissa praestiti, sigillum nostrum 
commune praesentibus apposuimus. Datum in domo 
nostra capitular! supradicta quoad apposicionem sigilli 
nostri antedicti sexto die diet! mensis Junij Anno Domini, et 
eciam Anno Translacionis dicti Reverend! patris Episcopi 
Dunelmensis supradictis. Nos autem ob internam 
affeccionem quam erga Sanctum Egidium et Hospitalis 
saepedicti nunc Magistrum gerimus et habemus, volentes- 
que dictorum Magistri ac fratrum eorumque successoribus 
securitati et quiet! generose providere, donaciones con- 
cessiones, &c. (praedictis concessionibus, &c., tra varum 
bladi de unaquaque carucata terrae de dominicis nostris 
in Episcopatu nostro Dunelm. ac eciam Diocesi de 
tenentibus nostris per praedecessores nostros praefatis 
Magistro et fratribus concessarum, et ante unionem 
annexionem appropriacionem et incorporacionem dictae 
ecclesiae Sancti Nicholai per nos ecclesiae et domui 
hospitalis memorati, &c., factam perceptis, solomodo 
exceptis) ratas habentes, pariter accepta et approbata ea, 
necnon unionem annexionem, &c., ecclesiae Sancti 
Nicholai praedictae pro nobis et successoribus nostris 
quantum in nobis est praefatis nunc Magistro et fratribus 
Hospitalis praedicti et eorum successoribus juxta formam 
et effectum eorundem acceptamus approbamus ratificamus 
ac tenore praesencium concedimus et imperpetuum 
confirmamus. In cuius, &c. Dat. Dunelm., &c., octavo 
die Aprilis Anno Pontificatus nostri septimo. 

Raket. 
per breve de privato sigillo. 



11. A.D. 1 189. Composition BETWEEN THE Convent OF 
Durham and Kepyer Hospital with respect 
TO the Tithes of Clifton. 

[Durham Treasury, /» 16^' Specialium, L. j, No. /f^]. 

Anno Incarnacionis Dominicae m^ c^ lxxxix^, yu9 
Kal. August., scilicet in crastino Sancti Jacobi, &c. 

The rest is as in Charter xvi {See p. 204), down 
to confirmandum statuit, after which as follows : — 

» Habere. 



APPENDIX A. 213 

Quarum alteram praedicto Priori et alteram Adae 
Canonico et fratribus Hospitalis tradidit, Hiis testibus ; 
Domino Hugone Dunelm. Episcopo, Burchardo et 
Willelmo Archidiaconis, Simone camerario, Magistro 
Ricardo de Coldingham, Magistro Willelmo Blesensi, 
Magistro Stephano Lincolnensi, Willelmo de Houedon, 
Rad. dapifero, Ricardo et Germano notariis domini 
episcopi, et aliis multis. 

[Seal of Kepyer Hospital^ in green wax\ 

Endorsed^ Dupplicatur praeter datam. Indented 
through the word cyrographvm. 

A.D. 1 199. There is another copy, thus dated, of the 
above Composition, with some omissions of technical terms, 
under the sam.e reference. 

It has a different seal of Kepyer Hospital in white wax, 
and is endorsed, Dupplicatur praeter datam. Indented 
through the word cyrographvm. 

III. A.D. 1 189. Confirmation of the same by Bishop 

PUDSEY. 

[Durham Treasury, 2228, /* 16^'^^ Specialium, No. ^5]. 

Hugo Dei gracia Dunelmen. Episcopus Priori 
Dunelmen. et Archidiaconis et universo clero totius 
Episcopatus sui salutem. Sciatis nos concessisse et hac 
praesenti carta confirmasse composicionem illam quae inter 
Germanum Priorem Dunelmen. et Conventum et Adam 
Canonicum procuratorem hospitalis Sancti Egidii et 
fratres ejusdem hospitalis ex voluntate nostra et consensu 
factam, scilicet quod Prior et monachi quietam clamaverunt 
in perpetuum decimam bladi de Cliftona Domui Sancti 
Egidii, quae usque ad illud tempus reddi solebat ecclesiae 
Sancti Oswaldi de Elueta ; Ita quod fratres Hospitalis nuUo 
unquam tempore aliquam decimam de praedicta terra 
reddent. Sed tota decima bladi illius terrae sicut aliae 
obventiones sine omni diminutione et retractatione praefato 
hospitali quieta remanebit in perpetuum. Fratres autem 
hospitalis in recompensationem reddent singulis annis in 
perpetuum super altare ecclesiae Sancti Oswaldi de Elueta 
in die ejusdem Sancti unum bisantium vel duos solidos, et 
insuper duas garbas de decima dominii de Neutona quietas 
clamaverunt in perpetuum ecclesiae Sancti Oswaldi, quae 
a tempore Ranulfi Episcopi sicut in ejus carta continetur 
usque ad illud tempus reddi solebant praedicto Hospitali ; 



214 APPENDIX A. 

Itaquod nullo unquam tempore aliquam decimam occasione 
cartarum suarum vel privelegiorum exigent infra divisas 
villae de Neutona. Sed tota decima bladi infra divisas 
ejusdem villae sicut et aliae obventiones sine omni 
diminutione et retractatione quieta remanebit ecclesiae 
Sancti Oswaldi de Elueta in perpetuum. Et ne alterutra pars 
ab hac compositione resilire posset, in praesentia nostra 
hinc inde in verbo veritatis promiserunt se earn bona fide 
in perpetuum servaturos. Hanc quidem composicionem 
cartis nostris, quarum unam praedicto Priori et alteram 
memorato canonico tradidimus, corroboravimus et in 
perpetuum conservandam statuimus. Hiis testibus, 
Burchardo et Willelmo Archidiaconis, Simone camerario, 
Magistro Ricardo de Coldingham, Magistro Willelmo 
Blesensi, Magistro Stephano Lincolnensi, Willelmo de 
Houeden, Rad. dapifero, Ricardo et Germano notariis 
domini episcopi, et aliis multis. 

[Episcopal seal of Bishop Pudsey in green wax]. 

Endorsed, Confirmatio Hugonis Episcopi super 
compositione facta inter nos et fratres Hospitalis Sancti 
Egidii de decimis de Clifton et de Neuton ecclesiae Sancti 
Oswaldi cum pertin. Reddend. per annum 2s. Clifton & 
Kypiyer Graunge. 

IV. A.D. 1243. Exchange of lands between Kepyer 

AND FiNCHALE. 

[Durham Treasury, Cartul, IV, fo. 108— j*" d'"' Specialium, 

K, I, No. i6\. 

Anno gratiae millesimo cc™^ xliij^. Convenit inter 
priorem et monachos de ffinchall ex una parte et 
magistrum et fratres de Kippeyare ex alia utilitatibus 
utriusque domus per earum custodes diligenter et provide 
consideratis, viz. quod dicti prior et monachi de ffinchall 
de consensu et voluntate prioris et conventus Dunelm. 
concesserunt dimiserunt et quietam clamaverunt domui de 
Kippeyare in perpetuum dimidiam carucatam terrae cum 
pertinenciis in villa de Aimundeston quam habuerunt de 
Johanne de Rudys. Et pro hac concessione dimissione et 
quieta clamacione concesserunt dimiserunt et quietam 
clamaverunt magister et fratres hospitalis de Kippeyare 
priori et monachis de ffinchall in perpetuum totam terram 
quae dicitur Sanctae Mariae leya cum omnibus suis 
pertinenciis sine aliquo retinemento quae fuit quondam 
fratris Roberti Manche cum aedificiis et bosco et omnibus 



APPENDIX A. 215 

aliis dictae terrae pertinenciis. Ita scilicet quod ilia pars 
quae dictum escambium non warrantizaverit solvat alteri 
parti nomine poenae quinque marcas argenti quam cito 
cessaverit warrantizacio, et fiat sine ailacione mutua 
restitucio praedictarum terrarum domibus praedictis, viz., 
dictae terrae de Aimundeston sine aliquo retinemento 
domui de ffinchall et dictae terrae Sanctae Mariae leya cum 
pertinenciis praedictae domui de Kypeyare. Ad cujus 
pecuniae solucionem et dictarum terrarum restitucionem, si 
poena fuerit commissa prout praemissum est, fideliter et 
sine dolo faciendam partes ad invicem fide media se 
obligaverunt subjacentes se jurisdictioni archidiaconi 
Dunelm. qui pro tempore fuerit renunciando omni fori 
privelegio et omni juris remedio tam canonici quam civilis 
et etiam regia et episcopali prohibitione, ut omni contra- 
dictione cavillacione et appellacione remotis possit partem 
illam quae praedictum escambium non warrantizaverit per 
censuram ecclesiasticam compellere ad praedictam poenam 
quinque marcarum solvendam, et ad dictarum terrarum 
mutuam restitucionem partibus sine dilacione faciendam. 
Et in hujus rei testimonium parti hujus scripti cirographati 
residenti penes priorem et monachos de fiinchall appositum 
est commune sigillum magistri et fratrum de Kypeyare 
una cum sigillo archidiaconi Dunelm., et parti residenti 
penes magistrum et fratres de Kypeyare apposit<im est 
sigillum capituli Dunelm. una cum sigillo ejusdem 
archidiaconi. Testibus mutuis sigillis, scilicet capituli 
Dunelm. et praedictorum fratrum de Kyppeyare. 



V. A.D. 1331. Licence by Bishop Beaumont for the 
Grant of the Advowson of Hunstanworth by 
THE Convent to the Hospital in exchange for 

A RENT-CHARGE OF 60$-. ON THE MANORS OF 
CaLDECOTS AND ClIFTON.^ 

[Durham Treasury, z*^ j"**^ PonL, No. /. — 2*^ 7*"** Spec, 

No. 7]. 

Ludouicus permissione diuina Dunolm. Episcopus 
omnibus balliuis, ministris et fidelibus nostris salutem. 
Noveritis quod nos de gracia nostra speciali quantum in 
nobis est concedimus et licenciam damus specialem dilectis 

> This and the following documents, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, have 
reference to the transference, in the fourteenth century, from the Convent 
to the Hospital, of the advowson of Hunstanworth with certain lands in 
the parish. The Hospital already held the Vill of Hunstanworth. See 
Appendix A ( Verified Charters^ ix). 



2l6 APPENDIX A. 

filiis Willelmo Priori ecclesiae nostrae Dunolm. et eiusdem 
loci Conuentui quod ijdem Prior et Conuentus possint dare 
et concedere Deo et beato Egidio ac hospitali eiusdem 
beati Egidii de Kypier prope Dunolm., et fratri Hugoni de 
Monte alto magistro dicti hospitalis et fratribus eiusdem 
ibidem Deo et beato Egidio imperpetuum servituris, omnes 
terras et omnia tenementa sua, redditus et seruicia qua 
habent in villa et territorio de Hunstanworth, vna cum 
aduocacione ecclesiae eiusdem villae, cum omnibus suis 
pertinenciis sine vllo retinemento. Habenda et tenenda 
dictis magistro et fratribus hospitalis praedicti et eorum 
successoribus quibuscumque, de nobis et successoribus 
nostris imperpetuum, Et eciam eisdem Magistro et fratribus 
eiusdem hospitalis quod ipsi terras et tenementa, redditus 
et seruicia praedicta, cum aduocacione ecclesiae praedictae 
cum omnibus suis pertinenciis recipere possint et habere in 
forma supradicta. Praeterea concedimus pro nobis et 
successoribus nostris et licenciam damus specialem eisdem 
Magistro et fratribus hospitalis de Kypier supradictis, quod 
ijdem Magister et fratres hospitalis praedicti in escambio 
pro praedictis terris tenementis et aduocacione concedere et 
dare possint Deo et beato Cuthberto, et Priori et monachis 
Dunolm. Deo et praedicto Sancto in maiori ecclesia 
Dunolm. imperpetuum seruituris, quemdam annuum 
redditum sexaginta solidorum annuatim percipiendorum 
de maneriis suis de Caldecots et de Clyftone ex parte 
orientali hospitalis de Kypier, quae nunc uocantur grangiae 
ad quorumcumque manus dicta maneria qualitercumque 
deuenerint, videlicet, medietatem ad festum Pentecostes et 
aliam medietatem ad festum Sancti Martini in hyeme, 
termino primae solucionis incipiente in festo Pentecostes 
anno domini m^ ccc"^^ tricesimo tercio, et sic de anno in 
annum et termino in terminum imperpetuum, quodque 
ijdem Magister et fratres possint obligare se et successores 
eorum ad solucionem dicti annui redditus suis terminis ut 
praemittitur imperpetuum annuatim faciendam, ac concedere 
pro se et successoribus suis quod dicti Willelmus Prior 
Dunolm. et eiusdem loci Conuentus et eorum successores 
quicumque licite distringere valeant in dictis maneriis de 
Caldecots et Clyftone, et in quacumque parte eorundem 
quocienscumque contigerit dictum redditum annuum sexa- 
ginta solidorum a retro esse in parte vel in toto ad aliquem 
terminum praenotatum, et quod obligare possint maneria 
praedicta de Caldecots et Clyftone ad praemissa facienda 
districcioni dictorum Prioris et Conuentus ad quorumcum- 
que manus deuenerint imperpetuum. Concedimus eciam 



APPENDIX A. 217 

eisdem religiosis Priori et Conuentui, et licenciam damus 
specialem, quod ipsi annuum redditum praedictum de 
maneriis de Caldecots et Clyftone supradictis recipere 
possint et habere ac districcionem facere in forma supra- 
dicta, statuto de terris et tenementis ad manum mortuam 
non ponendis edito non obstante : Nolentes quod praedicti 
Prior et Conuentus, magister et fratres vel eorum 
successores occasione praemissorum per nos vel succes- 
sores nostros, vicecomites, exactores vel alios ministros 
nostros, contra iusticiam in aliquo molestentur seu 
grauentur imperpetuum. In cuius rei testimonium duas 
fieri fecimus literas indentatas sigillo nostro maiori 
munitas, quarum vnam penes dictos Priorem et Conuentum 
Dunolm. remanere volumus, altera penes praefatos 
magistrum et fratres hospitalis praedicti imperpetuum 
remansura. Datum in manerio nostro de Midelham secundo 
die Nouembris Anno Domini millesimo ccc^ tricesimo 
primo et consecracionis nostrae quarto decimo. 

[Seal of Bishop Lewis Beaumont], 



VI. A.D. 1335. Bishop Bury's Licence for exchange 

BETWEEN THE CONVENT AND THE HOSPITAL OF 
CERTAIN LANDS AT HUNSTANWORTH WITH THE 
ADVOWSON OF THE LiVING FOR TITHES IN THE 
PARISH OF PiTTINGTON. 

[Cart, secundum, foL 116, recto. Original wanting]. 

Nouerint vniuersi praesentes literas inspecturi quod 
dilectis filiis Priore Dunelm. pro se et Conuentu Dunelm. 
ex parte vna, ac Magistro hospitalis de Kyppier nostra 
dioceseos pro se et fratribus eiusdem ex altera, coram nobis 
Ricardo permissione diuina Dunelm. Episcopo per- 
sonaliter constitutis dictus Magister pro se et dictis 
fratribus dedit et concessit praefatis Priori et Conuentui 
Dunelm omnes decimas quas percipiunt et ab antiquo 
percipere consueverunt infra parochiam ecclesiae de 
Pydyngdon de quibuscumque locis prouenientes, habendas 
et percipiendas imperpetuum, sine contradiccione qua- 
cumque, saluis dumtaxat dictis Magistro et fratribus garbis 
Sancti Egidii, quas consueverunt percipere infra parochiam 
memoratam. Idemque Prior, pro se et Conventu prae- 
dicto, dedit et concessit memoratis Magistro et fratribus de 
Kyppier aduocacionem seu patronatum ecclesiae de Hun- 
stanword nostrae dioceseos in permutacionem dictarum 
decimarum possidendam imperpetuum et habendam, 



2l8 APPENDIX A. 

quibus omnibus nostrum inpendi consensum humiliter 
supplicarunt. Vnde nos considerantes quod ex praemissis 
donacionibus concessionibus et permutacionibus vtilitati 
tam monaster]! Dunolm. (presertim cum dictae decimae 
percipiantur de locis infra parochiam ecclesiae de Pitting- 
done quam ijdem religiosi in proprios vsus optinent notorie 
situatis) quam dicti hospitalis de Kyppier (maxime cum 
dicta ecclesiae de Hunstanword vicina sit loco de Knoke- 
dene, quam prefati Magister et fratres habent infra 
parochiam eiusdem ecclesiae) consulitur et indempnitatibus 
praecauetur ad instanciam dictorum religiosorum, quos 
quanto affectu sinceriori complectimus et fauoris gracia 
prosequimur plenioris tanto libencius suis peticionibus quas 
digne nobis porrigunt exaudicionis graciam aperimus, 
dictas donaciones concessiones et permutaciones appro- 
bamus ratificamus ac auctoritate pontificali tenore 
praesencium confirmamus. In cuius rei testimonium tria 
instrumenta in modum indenturae sunt confecta, quorum 
vni parti penes praedictos Priorem et Conuentum reman- 
surae sigillum nostrum vna cum sigillo magistri et fratrum 
hospitalis de Kyppier est appensum, alteri vero penes Magis- 
trum et fratres de Kyppier remanent! sigillum nostrum 
vna cum sigillo communi Capituli Dunelm. est appensum, 
terciae vero parti quam in archiuis nostris perpetuo 
volumus residere sigilla dictorum Prioris et Conuentus 
Dunelm. ac Magistri et fratrum de Kyppier apponuntur. 
Datum per Priorem et Conuentum praedictos in capitulo 
Dunolm. xijo die mensis Februarii, ac per Magistrum et 
fratres de Kyppier eodem die apud Kyppier. Et per nos 
Episcopum memoratum in castro nostro Dunolm. eodem 
die, videlicet, xij^ mensis praedicti Anno Domini 
m° ccc"»o xxxo vo, et Consecracionis nostrae tertio. 

Heading of Document. 

Conuencio permutacionis ecclesiae de Hunstanworth 
cum decimis in parochia de Pitingdone inter nos et domum 
de Kypyere. 

VII. A.D. 1335. Bishop Bury's similar Licence for 
Exchange of the Hospital's tithes at South 
Sherburn for Advowson, &c., of Hunstan- 
worth. 

\Durham Treasury, 2^ 7'^"' Spec, No. 12]. 

Nouerint vniuersi presentes literas inspecturi quod 
dilecto filio Domino Priore Dunolm. pro se et Conuentu 
Dunolm. ex parte vna ac magistro hospitalis de Kypier 



APPENDIX A. 219 

nostrae dioceseos pro se et fratribus eiusdem ex altera, 
coram nobis Ricardo permissione diuina Dunolm. Episcopo 
personaliter constitutis, dictus magister pro se et dictis 
fratribus dedit et concessit praefatis Priori et Conuentui 
Dunolm. omnes decimas medietatis de dominicis terris 
manerii de South shirburne cum pertinenciis, quas 
percipiunt et ab antiquo percipere consueuerunt infra 
parochiam ecclesiae de Pytingdone de dictis terris 
prouenientibus, Habendas et percipiendas imperpetuum 
sive contradiccione cuiuscumque. Idemque Prior pro se et 
Conuentu praedicto dedit et concessit memoratis magistro 
et fratribus de Kypier omnes terras et tenementa sua cum 
suis pertinenciis, quae habuerunt in villa et territorio de 
Hunstanworthe, vna cum aduocacione eccleisiae Sancti 
Jacoby in eadem villa, quae ecclesia est nostrae dioceseos, 
in permutacionem dictarum decimarum possidendas 
imperpetuum et habendas, quibus omnibus nostrum 
impendi consensum humiliter supplicarunt. Vnde 
nos considerantes quod ex praemissis donacionibus 
concessionibus et permutacionibus vtilitati tam monasterii 
Dunolm. (presertim cum dictae decimae percipiantur de 
locis infra parochiam ecclesiae de Pytingdone, quam 
ijdem religiosi in proprios vsus optinent notorie situatis) 
quam dicti hospitalis de Kypier (maxime cum dicta ecclesia 
de Hunstanworthe vicina sit loco de Knokedene, quam 
praefati Magister et fratres de Kypier habent infra 
parochiam eiusdem ecclesiae) consulitur et indempnitatibus 
praecauetur ad instanciam dictorum religiosorum, quos 
quanto affectu sinceriori complectimur et fauoris gracia 
prosequimur plenioris tanto libencius suis peticionibus 
quas nobis digne porrigunt exaudicionis graciam 
apperimus, vnde dictas donaciones, concessiones et 
permutaciones approbamus ratificamus ac auctoritate 
pontificali tenore praesencium confirmamus. In cuius rei 
testimonium tria instrumenta in modum indenturae sunt 
confecta, quorum vni parti penes praedictos Priorem et 
Conventum remansurae sigillum nostrum vna cum sigillo 
Magistri et fratrum hospitalis de Kypier est appensum, 
alteri vero penes Magistrum et fratres de Kypier remanenti 
sigillum nostrum vna cum sigillo communi Capituli 
Dunolm. est appositum, tercia vero quod in archiuis 
nostris perpetuo volumus residere sigilla dictorum Prioris 
et capituli Dunolm. ac Magistri et fratrum de Kypier 
apponuntur. Datum apud Gatesheved septimo Idus 
Februarii Anno Domini millesimo tricentesimo tricesimo 
quinto, et pontificatus nostri secundo. 



220 APPENDIX A. 

Endorsed: Confirmacio Ricardi Dunolm. Episcopo 
super permutacionem decimarum de medietate terrarum 
dominicarum manerii de South shyrburne infra parochiam 
de Pytingdone pro terris et tenementis cum patronatu 
ecclesiae de Hunstanworthe. 

Non registratur quia non emanarunt. 

[Conventual Seal of Durham and the Seal of Kepyer 
{very fine) attached]. 



VIII. A.D. 1352. Concession by the Hospital to 
THE Convent of an annual rent of 13^. 4^/. 
on the Grange of Caldecots. 

[Durham Treasury, 2^ 7"^* Spec, No. 4]. 

Vniuersis pateat per praesentes quod nos Will's Legate 
magister hospitalis de Kepier et fratres eiusdem loci 
attornauimus et loco nostro posuimus Johannem de Elvete 
ad liberandam Johanni Priori ecclesiae Dunelm. et 
eiusdem loci conventui seisinam de quodam annuo redditu 
tresdecim solidorum et quatuor denariorum annuatim 
percipiendorum de grangia nostra de Caldcote. In cuius 
rei testimonium sigillum commune hospitalis praedicti 
praesentibus est appensum. Datum apud Kepiere die 
dominica in Octavis Epiphaniae Domini, Anno Domini 
mccc"*o, quinquagesimo secundo. 

[Imperfect seal of white wax. St. Giles standing]. 

Endorsed : Litera attornatorum magistri hospitalis de 
Kypier ad liberandam seisinam Priori et Conventui 
Dunolm. in quodam annuo redditu xiijj*. ^d. in grangia de 
Caldecote percipiendorum ad 



IX. A.D. 1352. Grant by Convent of the Advowson 
OF Hunstanworth to Kepyer Hospital in 

exchange FOR A RENT-CHARGE ON CaLDECOT 

Grange. 

[Durham Treasury, Cartul. IV, fo. 112. — 2^ y^*^ 

Specialium, No. 5]. 

Praesens indentura facta inter religiosos viros dominos 
priorem et conventum Dunelm. ex parte una et magistrum 
et fratres de Kepeyere ex alia testatur quod dicti prior et 
conventus dederunt et concesserunt praefatis magistro et 
fratribus et eorum successoribus advocationem ecclesiae de 
Hunstanworth cum gleba et suis pertinenciis universis 



APPENDIX A. 221 

habendam et tenendam sibi et successoribus suis imper- 
petuum de capitalibus dominis feodi. Et pro hac donacione 
et concessione iidem magister et fratres concesserunt prae- 
fatis priori et conventui et eorum successoribus quendam 
annuum redditum tresdecem solidorum et quatuor 
denariorum capiendorum annuatim de grangia dictorum 
magistri et fratrum de Caldecots ad festa Pentecostes et 
Sancti Martini per aequales porciones. Ita quod quotiens- 
cunque contigerit dictum redditum post aliquem terminum 
a retro esse tunc licebit praedictis priori et conventui et 
eorum successoribus in dicta grangia et terris ad dictam 
grangiam pertinentibus distringere et eciam in omnibus 
aliis terris et tenementis dictorum magistri et fratrum et 
successorum infra Hbertatem Dunelm. et districtiones 
retinere quousque de arreragiis plenarie eisdem priori et 
conventui et eorum successoribus fuerit satisfactum. In 
cujus rei testimonium partes praedictae sigilla sua coram 
alternatim praesentibus apposuerunt. Dat. Dunelm. die 
Domini in oct. Epiph. Anno Domini M© ccc® Liio. 



X. A.D. 1352. Licence of Bishop Hatfield to the 
Master and Brethren of Kepyer for the 
appointment of a stipendiary chaplain to 
receive the revenues of hunstanworth and 
serve the cure. 

[Registrum Hatfield, fo. 28]. 

Licentia concessa Magistro et Fratribus de Kypier ad 
constituendum Iconomium in Ecclesia de Honstanworth. 

Thomas, &c., dilectis filiis magistro et fratribus hospita- 
lis S. Egidii de Kypier nostri patronatus et dioeceseos 
salutem gratiam etbenedictionem. Cum personam ydoneam 
ad ecclesiam de Honstanworthe nostrae Dunelm. dioceseos 
vestrique patronatus vacantem per vos nobis presentandam 
quae eandam velit admittere et per nos canonice rector 
institui in eadem, tum propter fructuum et proventuum 
ipsius ecclesiae exilitatem cumque propter grandem et 
necessariam reparacionem et refeccionem defectuum in 
cancello et ornamentis ac manso rectoriae ejusdem ecclesiae 
jam notorie existentium, reperire minime valeatis, ne cura 
ipsius ecclesiae totaliter deseratur et praetextu dictorum 
defectuum, non apposito celeriori reparationis remedio, 
dicta rectoria ad dampnum irreparabile exiguo tempore 
deducatur, vos magistrum antedictum ad deputandum et 
deponendum aliquem capellanum ydoneum stipendarium 
ad divina obsequia in dicta ecclesia celebrandum et curam 



222 APPENDIX A. 

parochtanorum in eadem exercendam, necnon ad colli- 
gendum et percipiendum per vos vel deputatos vestros 
fructus et proventus quoscumque ad eandem ecclesiam 
pertinentes et defectus supra dictos reparandos de pro- 
ventibus memoratis, et si quid residuum fuerit future 
rectori fideliter reservandum, vobis potestatem specialem, 
donee ecclesia praedicta ad fortunam pervenerit pinguiorem, 
concedimus per praesentes. In cujus, &c. Datum apud 
Aukland in manerio nostro xxiii die Mensis Januarii Anno 
Domini supra et Consecration is domini Episcopi supra 
dictis. 

XL A.D. 1379. Bishop Hatfield's Confirmation of 
Bishop Beaumont's Licence (v). 

[Durham Treasury, 2^ j*^ Pont., No. 5. — 2^*" 7^*** 

Spec, No. 8\. 

Thomas Dei gracia Episcopus Dunolm. Omnibus ad 
quos praesentes literae pervenerint salutem. Inspeximus 
quandam cartam licentiae indentatam Priori et Conventui 
ecclesiae nostrae Dunelm. per Ludouicum nuper episcopum 
Dunelm. praedecessorem nostrum concessam, cuius quidem 
cartae tenor talis est. 

[Beaumonfs charter recited]. 

Nos autem tenorem cartae licentiae praedictae per 
praesentes duximus exemplificandam. In cuius rei testi- 
monium has literas nostra fieri fecimus patentes. Datum 
Dunelm. per manum Willelmi de Elmedens cancellarii 
nostri xxiiij die Januarii Anno pontificatus nostri tricesimo 
quarto. 

[Hatfield's seal in Chancery affixed]. 



XII. A.D. 1341. Grant of a toft in Crossgate by 
Edmund Howard, Master of Kepyer, to Emma 
de todhowe. 

[^« 2^^ Elemos., No. ij; {Misc. Cart. 228J)]. 

Anno Domino millesimo ccc°*° xljo ad festum Sancti 
Martini in hyeme convenit inter Edmundum Howard 
magistrum hospitalis Sancti Egidii de Kypier et fratres 
ejusdem loci ex parte una et Emmam relictam Johannis de 
Todhowe manentem in Dunolm. ex altera, videlicet, quod 
iidem Magister et fratres concesserunt et ad firmam 
dimiserunt praedictae Emmae unum toftum edificatum 
cum crofto adjacente in Crossegate in Dunolm. illud 



APPENDIX A. 223 

scilicet quod habuerunt ex concessione et dono Nicholai 
del Gerner in Crossegate, Tenenda et habenda praedicta 
tenementa cum pertinenciis praefatae Emmae ad terminum 
vitae suae de praedictis magistro et fratribus et eorum 
successoribus libere quiete integre bene et in pace cum 
omnibus libertatibus liberis consuetudinibus proficuis et 
aysiamentis praedicto tenemento pertinentibus. Reddendo 
inde annuatim praedictis magistro et fratribus et eorum 
successoribus sex solidos argenti ad duos anni terminos 
scilicet medietatem ad festum Pentecostes et aliam medie- 
tatem ad festum Sancti Martini in hyeme et faciendo burgo 
de Crossegate omnia servicia inde debita et consueta. Et, 
si ita contingat quod dicta firma sex solidorum in toto vel 
in parte a retro fuerit, quod absit, bene licebit praedictis 
magistro et fratribus et eorum successoribus dicta tenementa 
intrare et distringere et districcionem retinere quousque 
praedictis magistro et fratribus et eorum successoribus de 
praefata firma plenarie fuerit satisfactum. Et praedicta 
Emma domos edificatas, terram in crofto, et clausturam 
circa croftum sustentabit per visum fidedignorum et in adeo 
bono statu dimittet sicut eadem tenementa recepit. Dicti 
vero magister et fratres omnia tenementa praedicta prae- 
fatae Emmae usque ad terminum vitae suae contra omnes 
gentes warantizabunt pro servicio supradicto et defendent. 
In cujus rei testimonium partes praedictae atternatim 
sigilla sua apposuerunt. Hiis testibus, Roberto de 
Cokside, Johanne Mody, Roberto Schakelok, Johanne de 
Egisclyf, Johanne Aurifabro, Willelmo de Chiltone, et 
aliis. 

Endorsed : Dimissio Magistri de Kypyerhouse, Anno 
Domini mcccxlj ad terminum vitae. Jacet cum Crossegate. 
Scriptum Emmae de Todhow de tenemento in Crossegate. 

Indented through cyrografum. 
[Two seals gone]. 



XIII. A.D. 1355. Indulgence of 40 days by Bishop 

Hatfield for the benefit of Kepyer Hospital. 

[Registrum Hatfield, fo. 20]. 

Indulgentia [ Thomas permissione divina Dunol- 

concessa omnibus mensis episcopus dilectis filiis ecclesia- 

bona facientibus rum Rectoribus Vicariis et eorum 

hospitali de | capellanis parochialibus omnibus et 

singulis in nostris Civitate et diocesi 
constitutis Salutem gratiam et bene- 
dictionem. Cum bona redditus et proventus magistri et 



Kypiere. 



224 APPENDIX A. 

fratrum hospitalis Beat! Egidii de Kypiere nostrae dioceseos, 
tarn per pestem tenentium suorum nuper contingentem 
quam etiam per sterilitatem terrarum suarum quae anno 
praesenti blada ad seminandum sufficientia minime pro- 
duxerunt, necnon per morinam sexcentarum bidentium 
suarum contingentem anno proxime revoluto, et insuper 
quod dolenter referunt, per graves sumptus et intollerabiles 
expensas circa recuperacionem bonorum rerum et jurium 
ad dictum hospitale expectantium ipsis perperam et 
indebite hactenus subtractorum factas, adeo paupertate 
notoria sunt depressi quod ad supportanda onera caritativa 
eidem hospitali incumbencia, necnon ad manutenendum 
dictum hospitale, maneria seu grangias ad dictum hospitale 
pertinentes et refectionibus maximis et sumptuosis 
indigentes, non sufficiunt hiis diebus, quum potius ad 
dampnum irreparabile et desolationem perpetuam idem 
hospitale verisimiliter in proximo deducetur nisi ex 
devotione et elemosinarum largicione fidelium eidem 
celerius succurratur : — Nos, calamitatem et indigentiam 
dicti hospitalis magistri et fratrum ejusdem considerantes, 
omnes et singulos subditos et parochianos nostros monemus 
et exhortamur in Domino quatenus de bonis sibi adeo 
collatis necessitatibus dictorum magistri et fratrum velint 
benignius subvenire ut percipere mereantur quadraginta 
dierum indulgentiam per nos hujusmodi benefactoribus con- 
cessam, Et Trescentos dies indulgentiae quos predecessores 
nostri dudum episcopi Dunolmenses suis temporibus 
indulserunt. Vobis etiam praecipiendo mandamus quatenus 
procuratores dictorum magistri et fratrum, cum ad vos hac 
de causa declinaverint, negocia praedicta horis congruis in 
ecclesiis vestris prae caeteris aliis negociis exponere 
permittatis, vel eadem negocia promovere et dilucide 
exponere velitis intuitu caritatis, Et quid in hac parte 
collectum fuerit praefatis magistro et fratribus sine mora 
restitui faciatis. Valete. 

In cujus rei, &c. Datum in manerio nostro de 
Aukland in crastino Annunciationis dominicae, Anno 
Domini millesimo ccc"*^ Quinquagesimo quinto, et 
consecrationis nostrae decimo. 



XIV. A.D. 1437. Bishop Langley's Visitation of 
Kepyer. 

[Registrum Langley, fo. 2^8\. 
Commissio ad Visitandum hospitale de Kepyer. 
Thomas episcopus dilectis in Christo filiis magistro 
Johanni Bonour decretorum doctori cancellario nostro, 



APPENDIX A. 225 

Johanni Lythom utriusque juris Bacallario sequestratori 
nostro in archidiaconatu Dunelm., domino Nicholao 
Hulme canonico ecclesiae praebend(al)is de Derlyngton 
nostrae dioceseos, et Willelmo Raket clerico cancellario 
nostro, Salutem. Volentes certis ex causis racionabilibus 
et legittimis nos moventibus Hospitale Sancti Egidii de 
Kypier prope Dunelm. nostrorum patronatus et dioc. 
intra breve annuente Domino actualiter visitare, ac non 
volentes propter alia diversa negocia quibus aliunde sumus 
occupati in ipsius visitationis officio personaliter interesse, 
ad visitandum Hospitale praedictum ac magistrum sive 
custodem singulosque probros clericos servientes et 
ministros ejusdem ac alios quoscunque degentes in eodem ; 
necnon de et super statu regimine et administracione 
hospitalis praedicti et bonorum ad id pertinencium vitaque et 
conversacione et moribus omniumque et singulorum 
praedictorum inquirendum, defectus crimina et excessus 
eorundem corrigendum et reformandum, compotum etiam 
et raciocinium magistri sive custodis praedicti de quibus- 
cumque bonis ipsius Hospitalis pro suo tempore receptis et 
administratis audiendum et recipiendum, ac ipsum magis- 
trum sive custodem ut fidelem compotum et racionem 
administracionis suae bonorum praedictorum plenumque et 
verum inventarium quorumcumque bonorum mobilium et 
immobilium dicti hospitalis faciat exhibeat et producat 
juxta juris communis exigenciam et praedicto hospitalis 
fundacionem compellendum et cohercendum, parcellas 
sumptuum et expensarum racionabilium et necessariorum 
in hospitali praedicto et ad commodum et utilitatem ejusdem 
factorum allocandum, et alias si quae fuerint disallocandum ; 
necnon fundacionem et ordinacionem dicti Hospitalis et 
alia munimenta quaecumque ad id pertinencia exhiberi 
faciendum, ac caetera omnia et singula facienda et exercenda 
quae hujusmodi visitacionis officium exigit et requirit, — 
Vobis de quorum fidelitate industria et conscientiae puritate 
plenam in Domino fiduciam obtinemus tribus et duobus 
vestrum tenore praesencium committimus vices nostras cum 
cujuslibet cohercionis canonicae potestate, Volentes quod 
nos de omni eo quod feceritis in praemissis finito ipso 
visitacionis negocio distincte et aperte vel personaliter 
certificetis vel per literas vestras auctentice consignatas. 
Dat. sub sigillo nostro in manerio nostro de Aukland xii^ 
die mensis Julii anno Domini, &c. 



15 



226 APPENDIX A. 

XV. A.D. 1437. Bishop Langley's Acquittance of 
Richard Bukley after the Visitation. 

[Registrum Langley, fo. 24.^ v.\ 

Acquietancia facta Ricardo Bukley custodi Hospitalis 
de Kepyer super compotum administracicnis suae bonorum 
ejusdem, ac commissio custodiae ejusdem facta eidem 
Ricardo ad vitam. 

Thomae, &c., dilecto in Christo filio domino Ricardo 
Bukley presbytero, magistro sive custodi domus sive 
Hospitalis Sancti Egidii de Kepyer prope Dunelm. 
nostrorum patronatus et dioces. Salutem, &c. Cum nuper 
auditis ac visis et intellectis per certos commissarios 
nostros ad hoc sufficienter et legitime deputatos in quadam 
visitacione nostra domus sive hospitalis praedicti per 
eosdem ibidem auctoritate nostra actualiter exercita diversis 
compotis et raciociniis tuis de et super disposicione et 
administracione omnium et singulorum bonorum ejusdem 
hospitalis de toto tempore quo tu magister sive custos 
ejusdem exstitisti, Nedum per compota et raciocinia 
praedicta verum eciam et per quoddam inventarium plenum 
et fidele omnium et singulorum bonorum mobilium ipsius 
hospitalis ac per alia in praedicta visitacione nostra coram 
commissariis nostris praedictis capta exhibita et comperta 
et nobis legitime certificata ac penes officium nostrum 
remanentia invenerimus te omnia et singula bona dictae 
domus sive hospitalis ad divini cultus augmentum 
pauperumque in ipso hospitali degencium et aliorum 
ad idem confluencium indies sustentacionem, ac aliorum 
onerum eidem hospitali incumbencium supportacionem, 
necnon predicti hospitalis instauracionem ad commodum 
et utilitatem ejusdem bene et fideliter ac utiliter disposuisse 
et administrasse, hinc est quod te praedictum dominum 
Ricardum ab ulteriori compoto sive raciocinio adminis- 
tracicnis tuae praedictae nobis vel successoribus reddendo 
a primo die incumbenciae tuae in hospitali praedicto usque 
in diem dat. praesencium quantum in nobis est seu ad 
nostrum spectat officium, salvo jure alterius cujuscumque, 
liberamus exoneramus et per praesentes te dimittimus 
penitus absolutum. Volentesque insuper ex praedictis et 
aliis causis racionabilibus nos moventibus non solum tibi 
praemissorum meritorum tuorum intuitu graciam liberiorem 
in hac parte facere, verum eciam eidem hospitali de utili et 
fructuoso gubernatore quantum cum Deo possumus 
providere, te dominum Ricardum Bukley praedictum in 
magistrum sive custodem domus sive hospitalis praedicti 



APPENDIX A. 227 

pro toto tempore vitae tuae praeficimus et tenore prae- 
sencium deputamus, ac instituimus canonice in eadem cum 
suis juribus et pertinenciis universis, Regimen custodiam et 
administracionem ejusdem domus sive hospitalis ac jurium 
et pertinencium suorum praedictorum tibi quamdiu vives 
plenarie committendo. Proviso semper quod tu, quamdiu 
custodiam habueris antedictam, plenum et fidelem ad- 
ministrationis tuae bonorum hospitalis praedicti compotum 
et raciocinium annuatim reddas cum per nos vel 
successores nostros ad hoc legitime fueris evocatus. 
Nolumus tamen quod per banc nostram praefectionem 
deputacionem seu commissionem quam tuorum meritorum 
praedictorum intuitu ipsius hospitalis utilitate pensata in 
persona tua jam duximus faciendam ipsum hospitale 
erigatur seu beneficium ecclesiasticum censeatur, vel quod 
ejus natura seu fundatio in aliquo immutetur ; sed cedente 
vel decedente seu alias quomodolibet illud dimittente, 
volumus quod idem hospitale in natura et forma juris 
communis remaneat et prout in fundacione ejusdem est 
antiquitus ordinatum, hac nostra commissione praefectione 
vel deputacione in aliquo non obstante. In quorum 
omnium et singulorum testimonium sigillum nostrum 
praesentibus duximus apponendum. Dat. in manerio 
nostro de Aukland xxv© die mensis Augusti Anno Domini 
MO ccccxxxvii"»o, et nostrae consecracionis xxxijo. 

XVI. A.D. 1437. Confirmation by the Prior and 
Chapter of Bishop Langley's acquittance of 
Richard Bukley. 

[Durham Treasury, Reg. Ill, jo. 208 v.], 

Confirmatio Domini Ricardi Bukley presbiteri in 
Magistrum seu custodem Hospitalis de Kepier prope 
Dunelm. ad terminum vitae suae. 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus praesentes literas inspecturis 
Johannes permissione divina Prior Ecclesiae Cathedralis 
Dunelm. et ejusdem loci capitulum Salutem in omnium 
Salvatore. Noveritis nos literas Reverendi in Christo 
patris et domini domini Thomae Dei gratia Dunelm. 
episcopi sub tenore qui sequitur inspexisse. Thomas 
permissione divina Dunelm. episcopus dilecto in Christo 
nlio domino Ricardo Bukley presbitero, magistro sive 
custodi domus sive hospitalis Sancti Egidii de Kepyer 
prope Dunelm. nostrorum patronatus et dioceseos, Salutem 
gratiam et benedictionem. Cum nuper auditis ac visis et 
intellectis per certos, &c. ([/t supra). 

Dat. Dunelm. 28 Aug. 1437. 



228 APPENDIX A. 

XVII. A.D. 1439. Confirmation by Prior and 
Chapter of Bishop Nevill's similar acquittance 
OF Richard Bukley. 

[Durham Treasury, Reg. Ill, fo. 2^2]. 

Coniirmatio acquietanciae seu dimissionis factae 
Ricardo Bukley pro custodia hospital is de Kepyer per 
Dominum Robertum episcopum Dunelm. 

Universis sanctae Matris ecclesiae filiis ad quos 
praesentes literae pervenerint Johannes permissione 
divina Prior ecclesiae cathedralis Dunelm. et ejusdem loci 
capitulum Salutem in omnium Salvatore. Noveritis nos 
literas Reverendissimi in Christo patris et domini domini 
Roberti Dei gratia Dunelm. episcopi sub tenore qui 
sequitur inspexisse. Pateat universis per praesentes quod 
cum nos Robertus permissione divina Dunelm. episcopus, 
audito et intellecto compoto seu ratiocinio dilecti nobis in 
Christo domini Ricardi Bukley nuper magistri sive custodis 
hospitalis de Kepyer nostrarum collacionis et dioceseos in 
scaccario nostro Dunelm. in praesentia venerabilium et 
discretorum virorum magistri Johannis Norton de- 
cretorum doctoris, Willelmi Chauncelere, ac Willelmi 
Rakett, per ipsum dominum Ricardum nuper facto de et 
super custodia regimine et administratione bonorum 
omnium et singulorum ad idem hospitale quomodolibet 
pertinencium, invenerimus dictum dominum Ricardum 
ipsum hospitale laudabiliter gubernasse et rexisse ac bona 
omnia et singula ad id pertinencia circa statum et utilitatem 
ejusdem hospitalis bene et fideliter disposuisse et adminis- 
trasse, eundem dominum Ricardum Bukley praemissorum 
praetextu ab ulteriori compoto seu raciocinio nobis in ea 
parte faciendo seu reddendo totaliter dimisimus sicque 
dimittimus per praesentes. In cujus rei testimonium 
sigillum nostrum ad causas praesentibus duximus apponen- 
dum. Dat. decimo sexto die mensis Octobris Anno 
Domini millesimo Quadringentesimo tricesimo nono et 
nostrae translacionis anno secundo. Nos vero praefati 
Prior et Capitulum omnia et singula supradicta prout 
superius continentur in forma concessionis praedictae rata 
habentes pariter et accepta, ea quantum in nobis est sub 
modo et forma praenotatatis pro nobis et successoribus 
nostris ratificamus approbamus et tenore praesencium 
confirmamus, juribus et libertatibus ecclesiae nostrae 
Dunelm. in omnibus semper salvis. In cujus rei testi- 
omnium sigillum capituli nostri praesentibus est appensum. 
Dat. Dunelm. in domo nostra capitulari vicesimo tertio die 
mensis Octobris Anno Domini supradicto. 



APPENDIX A. 229 

XVIII. A.D. 1439. Appointment of John Lounde by 
Bishop Nevill to be Master of Kepyer. 

[Durham Treasury, Reg. Ill, fo. 2^1]. 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus praesentes Hteras inspecturis 
Johannes permissione divina Prior ecclesiae Cath. Dunelm. 
et ejusdem loci capitulum Salutem in omnium Salvatore. 
Noveritis nos Hteras Reverendissimi in Christo patris et 
domini domini Roberti dei gratia Dunelm. episcopi sub 
tenore qui sequitur inspexisse. Robertus permissione 
divina Dunelm. episcopus dilecto nobis in Christo 
Magistro Johanni Lounde in utroque Jure Baccalario 
Salutem gratiam et benedictionem. De tuis meritis et 
circumspeccionis industria quae hactenus experti sumus 
plenam in domino fiduciam reportantes, hospitale de 
Kepyer nostrarum collacionis et dioeces. per liberam 
resignacionem domini Ricardi Bukley ultimi magistri sive 
custodis ejusdem in manus nostras factam et per nos 
admissam vacans tibi conferimus teque magistrum sive 
custodem, &c. 



XIX. A.D. 1439. Confirmation by Prior and Chapter 
of pension granted by Bishop Nevill to Richard 
Bukley. 

[Durham Treasury, Reg. Ill, fo. 2^1 v.\. 

Confirmatio concessionis cujusdam annuae pensionis 
exeuntis de hospital! de Kepyer factae Ricardo Bukley ad 
terminum vitae per Robertum episcopum Dunelm. 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus praesentes Hteras inspecturis 
Johannes permissione divina Prior ecclesiae cathedralis 
Dunelm. et ejusdem loci capitulum Salutem in omnium 
Salvatore. Noveritis nos Hteras Reverendi in Christi patris 
et domini domini Roberti Dei gratia Dunelm. episcopi sub 
tenore quod sequitur inspexisse. Universis sanctae matris 
ecclesiae filiis praesentes Hteras inspecturis seu audituris, 
Robertus permissione divina Dunelm. episcopus Salutem 
in amplexibus Salvatoris. Cum dilectus nobis in Christo 
dominus Ricardus Bukley presbyter, nuper Magister sive 
Custos hospitalis de Kepyer nostrarum collacionis et dioe- 
ceseos, per tantum tempus custodiam et regimen ejusdem 
hospitalis laudabiliter gubernavit habuit et occupavit quod 
ad actuale exercicium ejusdem in praesenti et pro futuro 
propter senectutem et corporis sui debilitatem quibus 
dinoscitur laborare impotens et inhabilis sit effectus, 
ipseque dominus Ricardus volens et affectans ab hujusmodi 



230 APPENDIX A. 

custodia et regimine, ex causis praemissis et aliis veris et 
legitimis coram nobis pro parte sua expositis ipsum ad hoc 
moventibus, totaliter exonerari, hospitale suum hujusmodi 
cum suis juribus et pertinenciis universis in manus nostras 
non coactus nee vi aut metu ductus sed propria sponte 
simpliciter et absolute resignavit et ipsum hospitale re et 
verbo totaliter dimisit tenore praesencium, vobis innotesci- 
mus quod nos, consideratis magnis laboribus & laudabili 
regimine ipsius domini Ricardi Bukley quae circa 
custodiam ac utilitatem ipsius hospitalis dum potuit 
hactenus impendit et procuravit et in futurum Domino 
duce per se et suos poterit procurare, Attendentes eciam 
quod dignum sit ut qui laboravit aliquid mercedis accipiat 
pro labore et ne idem Dominus Ricardus, dudum ut 
praefertur magister sive custos hospitalis praedicti, in 
opprobrium ordinis presbyteralis et ministerii nostri vitu- 
perium victum mendicitus adquirere dinoscatur, eidem 
domino Ricardo de fructibus & proventibus hospitalis 
supradicti pensionem annuam quadraginta marcarum 
legalis monetae Anglicanae pro sustentacione victus sui 
durante vita sua ad duos anni terminos, viz., Paschae et 
Sancti Michaelis Archangeli, prima solucione incipiente ad 
festum Paschae proximum post datum praesentium 
proxime futurum, acquis porcionibus per magistrum sive 
custodem dicti hospitalis qui pro tempore fuerit fideliter 
persolvendam de consensu & voluntate omnium et 
singulorum quorum interest, auctoritate nostra ordinaria 
decernimus assignamus & ordinamus. Volumus insuper 
decernimus & statuimus quod, si contingat dictam pensionem 
quadraginta marcarum per mensis spatium post aliquem 
terminum solucionis supradictae in parte vel in toto a retro 
fore non soluta ut praefertur, quod exeuntes fructus 
redditus et proventus dicti hospitalis sint & maneant ipso 
facto sequestrati, quos nos etiam exnunc prout extunc et 
extunc prout exnunc tenore praesentium sequestramus, 
custodiam eorundem officiali consistorii nostri Dunelm. 
pro tempore existenti committentes quousque praefato 
Domino Ricardo Bukley una cum dampnis et expensis 
plenarie fuerit satisfactum in praemissis ; Attendente ad 
hanc nostram ordinacionem seu decretum consensu et 
voluntate magistri Johannis Lounde in utroque jure 
Baccalaurei, in magistrum sive custodem ejusdem hospitalis 
praefecti et ordinati. Quam quidem ordinationem seu 
decretum hujusmodi idem magister Johannes Lounde 
pro persona sua fideliter et integre in omnibus observare 
tactis sacrosanctis juramentum praestitit corporale. Volu* 



APPENDIX A. 231 

mus eciam et tenore praesentium decernimus quod 
successores ejusdem magistri Johannis Lounde omnes et 
singuli, si qui fuerint in dicto hospitale durante vita 
praefati domini Ricardi Bukley, pro temporibus suis in 
praesentacionibus et admissionibus eorundem ad dictum 
hospitale consimile praestent juramentum. In quorum 
omnium et singulorum praemissorum testimonium atque 
fidem sigillum nostrum ad causas praesentibus duximus 
apponendum. Datum decimo sexto die mensis Octobris 
millesimo quadragentesimo tricesimo nono, et nostrae 
translationis anno secundo. Quas quidem literas in 
omnibus suis clausulis nos Prior et capitulum memorati 
ratas habentes et gratas, eas pro nobis & successoribus 
nostris ratificamus approbamus & tenore praesentium 
confirmamus, juribus et libertatibus ecclesiae nostrae 
Dunelm. in omnibus semper salvis. In cujus rei testi- 
monium sigillum commune capituli nostri praesentibus est 
appensum. Datum Dunelm. in domo nostra capitulari 
vicesimo tertio die mensis Octobris Anno Domini supra- 
dicto. 



XX. A.D. 1497. Appointment by Bishop Fox of 
Thomas Colston to be Master of Kepyer. 

[Fox's Register, fo. ij, in Dioc. Registry^. 

Ricardus, &c., dilecto nobis in Christo magistro 
Thomae Colston clerico Salutem, &c. Custodiam et 
regimen hospitalis Sancti Egidii de Kepyer nostrae 
dioceseos per mortem magistri Radulphi Both ultimi 
magistri sive custodis ejusdem vacantis et ad nostram 
disposicionem spectantis tibi committimus, teque custodem 
sive dispensatorem ejusdem praeficimus, et deputamus per 
praesentes ad nostrum bene placitum duraturum. Dat. 
&c., mense et anno praedicto. 

XXI. A.D. 1532. Visitation of Kepyer Hospital by 
Bishop Tunstall. 

[Tunstall's Register, fo. 5, in Dioc. Registry], 

Citacio pro Visitacione Domus seu Hospitalis de Kepyer. 

Cuthbertus permissione divina Dunelmensis Epis- 
copus dilecto filio magistro Willielmo Frankeleyn Custodi 
domus nostrae de Kepyer nostrae dioceseos Salutem 
gratiam et benedictionem. Inter caeteras solicitudines 
humeris nostris ex debito suscepti regiminis incumbentes 
non minima est intencio atque cura ut piorum praesertim 



232 APPENDIX A. 

locorum dispendia nequaquam absque remedio debitae 
reformacionis relinquamus. Cum igitur fama publica 
referente nobis insinuatum sit quod et bona praedictae 
domus multipliciter hactenus temere consumpta sint in 
subversionem status ejusdem et in cultus divini diminu- 
cionem et sustentacionis pauperum aliorumque caritatis 
operum quae ibidem vigere solebant subtractionem, super 
quorum veritate volentes plenius informari ac visitacionis 
officium tam in personis quam in rebus domus ipsius prout 
convenit exercere, vos tenore presentium peremptorie 
citamus, ac fratres sorores capellanos ac alios quoscumque 
ejusdem domus ministros per quos praemissorum Veritas 
erui melius poterit atque sciri per vos citari volumus, et 
mandamus quod compareatis et compareant personaliter 
coram nobis vel commissariis nostris in capella domus 
praedictae die Jovis, viz., decimo octavo die mensis Julii 
proximefuturo post datum praesentium cum continuacione et 
prorogacione dierum subsequentium visitacionem nostram 
hujusmodi actualiter susceptam et subitam ; Ac fundacio- 
nem seu ordinacionem domus praedictae una cum 
inventariis et compoto calculo sive raciocinio ejusdem 
secundum sanctiones canonicas exhibituri ulterius prout 
acceptum et factum in praemissis et ea tangentibus quod 
fuerit et consonum racioni. Et, ut liberius ac devotius 
capellani et fratres domus ejusdem obsequiis valeant vacare 
divinis, eosdem omnes et singulos ab officiis et adminis- 
tracionibus rerum temporalium praedictae domus per vos 
interim decrevimus et praecipimus amovendos. De die 
vero receptionis praesentium et quid in praemissis feceritis 
nos dictis die et loco definite et aperte certificetis per literas 
vestras patentes harum seriem continentes, ac sigillo 
auctentice sigillatas. Dat. sub sigillo nostro apud 
manerium nostrum de Stockton vicesimo octavo die 
mensis Junii Anno Domini millesimo quingentesimo 
tricesimo secundo Et nostrae Translacionis anno tercio. 



APPENDIX B. 



DOCUMENTS RELATING TO S. MARY MAGDALEN 

HOSPITAL. 



L Composition between the Convent of Durham 
AND Kepyer Hospital.^ 

[Durham Treasury, 6^" /** Elemos., No. 12]. 

Hospitale S. Mariae Magd. juxta Kipyer. 

Radulfus de Elvet monacus procurator hospitalis 
Sancti Egidii de Kipyer et fratres ejusdem loci 
omnibus Christi fidelibus ad quos praesens scriptum 
pervenerit aeternam in Domino salutem. Noverit uni- 
versitas vestra quod cum aliqua esset contencio inter 
Priorem et Conventum Dunelmensis ecclesiae et nos 
de terra nostra de Aymundestun et de Hurtheworthe 
quam Gilbertus Haunsard nobis dedit ad sustentacionem 
unius capellani qui pro defunctis imperpetuum divina 
celebraret in excambium medietatis villae de Chyrtun 
in Nortumbria quae quondam fuit Johannis de Hameldun 
et quam idem Johannes cum quibusdam aliis terris 
dedit Priori et Conventui Dunelmensis ecclesiae ad 
sustentacionem trium sacerdotum qui divina celebrarent 
imperpetuum, Ita tamen quod Henricus et Walterus fratres 
ejus et eorum heredes dictarum terrarum firmarii essent 
feudarii et dictis Priori et Conventui Dunelmensis Ecclesiae 
redderent novem marcas annuas inde ad dictum servicium 
faciendum, et idem Prior et Conventus Dunelmensis 
ecclesiae illud servicium recusarent faciendum, et sic ad 
nos verteretur excambium medietatis villae de Chyrton, 
scilicet terra de Aymundeston et de Hurtheworthe per 
Radulfum de Elvet monacum procuratorem nostrum. [Illico 
aulemP] per G. Haunsard et Walterum de Hameldun 
tandem inter nos amicabilis intervenit composicio in hunc 
modum, scilicet quod nos unanimi voluntate et consensu 
concessimus et dedimus Priori et Conventui Dunelmensis 
ecclesiae redditum annuum trium marcarum convertendum 
in pios usus per manum elemosinarii sui pro anima dicti 

' The purport of this document, with its importance as throwing^ li^ht 
on the origin of S. Mary Magdalen Hospital, has been noted in the 
Introduction under ** Hospital of S. Mary Magdalen." Its date (not given) 
appears to have been before the middle of the thirteenth century. 



234 APPENDIX B. 

Johannis de Hameldun et omnium defunctorum in certo 
loco. Unde eisdem concessimus et dedimus et in saysinam 
posuimus de terra nostra de Hurthewurthe quae reddit 
annuatim xxiiij solidos et de xij acris terrae in crofto nostro 
australi ' sub vico Sancti Egidii versus Wer a sole 
remotioribus scilicet versus occidentem pro xvj solidis 
annuis ; Salva burgensibus nostris firma sua perpetua de 
eadem terra. Sed, si burgenses illas xii acras tenentes a 
solucione iirmae cessaverint, liceat dictis Priori et 
Conventui dictarum xii acrarum possessionem ingredi et 
illas tam diu tenere donee eis plenarie satisfiat de firma. 
Dictas autem terras saepe dicto Priori et Conventui 
Dunelmensis ecclesiae concessimus et dedimus habendas 
et tenendas in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, sicut eas 
tenuimus, de nobis et successoribus nostris. Ita tamen 
quod ocasione hujus concessionis nichil a nobis aut a 
terris nostris aut hominibus nostris exigant praeter firmam 
dictarum xij acrarum, vel xij acras si dicti firmarii a dictae 
firmae solucione cessaverint, et has dictas terras de Hurthe- 
wurthe et de crofto Australi dictis Priori et Conventui 
warrantizabimus secundum quod G. Haunsard et heredes 
sui nobis warrantizaverunt terram de Aymundestun. Et 
ut haec nostra composicio concessio et donacio rata stabilis 
et firma futuris temporibus permaneat praesens scriptum 
sigillo Sancti Egidii et nostro roboravimus. Hiis testibus, 
Willelmo et Alano capellanis nostris in capitulo nostro, 
Waltero Blunde, Ric. Fabro, Helya de Kazop, Radulfo 
Forestario, Waltero de Fonte, et curia nostra. 

Endorsed : Compositio inter Priorem et Conventum et 
domum de Kypyare in qua conceduntur xij acrae terrae 
elemosinario juxta hospitale Sanctae Mariae Magdalenae. 



II. [Temp. Ran, Kemech, Prior of Durham i2ig — 
^^33]' Resignation of land at Amerston and 
hurworth by the hospital to the convent." 

[Durham Treasury, 2^ *j^'^ Spec, No. i — Cart, ii, 11^ 

recto]. 

Viris venerabilibus Dominis et amicis karissimis R. 
Priori et Conventui Dunelm. ecclesiae universi fratres 

' '* Stephanus Capellanus " gave to Kepyer Hospital his land and 
buildings at Southcrofte in Gilligate. (See above, Charter xix, p. 207). 

' This, and the following documents, III, IV, appear to refer to the 
negociations between the Convent and the Hospital, with respect to which 
there had been ** aliqua contencio," before the Composition given above. 
See ** Introduction," as referred to in the last note. 



APPENDIX B. 235 

domus Sancti Egidii de Kippeyere salutem in Domino. 
Notum vobis facimus nos et domum nostram de Kippeyere 
multum gravari et magnam jacturam incurrisse occasione 
firmae terrae de Amundistun et de Hurtheworthe quam de 
vobis tenemus. Unde communi consilio capituli nostri 
providimus earn vobis resignandam et quietam clamandam. 
Unde ad hoc faciendum mittimus ad vos dilectos R. 
rectorem nostrum et fratres Albertum et Walterum et ad 
hoc eos procuratores nostras constituimus, ratum et gratum 
habituri quicquid super hoc una vobiscum egerint. Et in 
hujus rei testimonium has literas nostras patentes sigillo 
nostro signatas vobis transmittimus. 

Endorsed: — Resignacio terrae de Amundesley et 
Hurtheworthe per Magistrum et fratres de Kypeyere. 

[Fragmentary seal of Kepyer, St. Giles standing]. 



III. [Temp. Ran. Kemech Prioris]. Undertaking by 
THE Convent to maintain a Chaplain for the 
SOULS OF the Hansard family, and to pay 30^. 
a year to the hospital by the hands of the 
Prior of Finchale, in return for the lands 
AT Amerston and Hurworth, which had been 

GIVEN TO THE HOSPITAL BY GILBERT HaNSARD, 
AND WERE NOW CEDED TO THE CONVENT. 

[Printed in ** Priory of Finchale," Surtees Society, 
iSj*^, p. 126, with Reference to Reg. I, p. ^8\. 



IV. [Temp. Tho. Melsonby, Prior of Durham^ 1233 — 
1244]. Quit-claim by the Convent to the 
Hospital of revenues in various places in 
return for the cession by the hospital to 
THE Convent of their lands at Amerston 
ON condition of the Hospital providing a 
Chaplain at Kepyer to sing for the souls of 

THE HaMELDON and HaNSARD FAMILIES, &C. 

[Printed in ** Priory of Finchale," Surtees Society, 
^^37* P* ^^* ^^^ document is in the Durham Treasury , 
2da Y^nae Spcc, No. 2, being an indented Charter, with seal 
of Convent of Durham, and endorsed, Carta Thomae 
Prioris et Conventus Dunelm. de redditibus datis domui de 
Kypyer. Then, in a w.uch later hand, pro sustentacione j 
capellani apud Kypyer, et pro terra in Aimundistun. 
Mem. de resignacione terrae de Amundesley et Hurworth 
facta Priori et Conventui Dunelm. post istam cartam. 
Non ostendatur. Non registratur]. 



236 APPENDIX B. 

V. A Complaint {circa temp. Edw. II, ijog — ^j^) 

CONCERNING ALLEGED ABSTRACTION OF ALMS FROM 

S. Mary Magdalen Hospital, with an account 

OF ITS SUPPOSED ORIGINAL FOUNDATION AND CON- 
STITUTION. I 

[Durham Treasury, Cart. Elemos., &^ ^"^ No. i6\. 

Certayne choses est que un chevaler a noum Sir John 
le Fitz Alisaundre funda le Hospital de la Maudeleyn en 
Durem et fit une chapelle et pluscurs autre mesouns en eel 
hospital en perpetuele aumoin pour les almes touz Xtiens 
de ses terres et de ses Rentys de mene en quel hospitale il 
establit pour touz jours un chapelleyn et xiij freris et sores 
cest asaver hommes et femes que avaynt estee bones gentz 
et en bon poynt en lur juvent et lur biens avayt falye tiele 
gent deyt estre rescu en eel Hospital saunz rien doner pour 
lur entree. 

Et pour aver certayne sustenauncz pour un chapeleyn 
et xiij freres et sores avant nomes pour touz jours assignat 
il dona terres le quez gysont pres de eel hospital et devant 
le porte de Schirburn et pour aver certeyne sustenauncz 
pour touz jours il dona al Aumerye de Durem la ville de 
Kylley od le molyne et tute le mayte de la ville de Chilton 
pour aver chescun ane certeyne sustenauncz a eel hospital 
par assent du Prior et du Convent de Durem la quele fut 
grante et conferme pour touz jours cest a saver pour le 
chapeleyn illok demorand chescun jour la livere de un 
moigne et chescun ane un garnement pris de un mark et 
les xiij freres et sores chescun semayne xxiij paynes et 
demy partye de blaunke payne de mayne et tray jours en 
le semayne pulment cest a saver chescun jour deux galouns 
et demy et chescun ane a chescun frere et sore pour say 
tres aunes de russet et tres autres de cannevas et iiijrf. a 
soulers. Et en quele sustenauncz et livere eel hospital fut 
seisy annz et jours jesques au temps un moygne dan John 
de Bulford Aumoner de Durem qui pria par fraude a un 
Thomas de Heworth un de les freres qui fut com gardayne 
que il luy prestayt lur paynes de un semayne pour overours 
qu il avoit a Wytton et il luy granta et de autres iij 
semayns prochayn ensuans et il luy pour ceo que le 
mesoun fut a dunk en bon point et pus vient celuy Thomas 
et demande lur paynes quils furent prestes et pour luy 
cesses de sa demande et pour aver veu de lur monumenz 
quils furent en la garde le dit Thomas le dit dan John dona 

* Concerning this document see ** Introduction " under *' Hospital of S. 
Mary Magdalen." 



APPENDIX B. 237 

a le dit Thomas une surcote furee de Ray que fut a une 
William son serjaunt qui mort fut et le dit Thomas rescut 
cele surcote et luy porta touz lur monumenz pour garder et 
le dit dan John le rescut et par luy furent detenouz et 
uncorsunt ovec lur paynes et lur dras et lur argent et lur 
pulment dune Sir les almes tous Xtiens vos priunt de 
remedy et de amendment. 

Endorsed : Querela de Elemos. pro Hospitali de 
Mawdelayns sed sciendum quod ista querela non continet 
veritatem pro majori parte. Jacet 6a quartae. 



TTie above may be rendered in English and explained 
as follows : — 

It is a certain thing that a knight, by name Sir John le 
Fitz Alisaundre, founded Magdalen Hospital in Durham, 
and made a chapel and several other buildings in this 
Hospital, in perpetual alms, for the souls of all Christians, 
out of his lands and of his demesne rents ; in which hospital 
he established for ever a chaplain and xiij brethren and 
sisters, that is to say, men and women who had been good 
people and in good case in their youth, and whose goods 
had failed ; such people were to be received in this 
Hosjpital without giving anything for their entry. 

And for having certain sustenance for a chaplain and 
for the xiij brethren and sisters above-mentioned for ever 
assigned, he gave lands which lie near this hospital and 
before the gate of Sherburn ; and for having certain 
sustenance for ever he gave to the Almonry of Durham 
the vill of Rilley together with the mill and all the mayte ^ of 
the mill of Chilton in order to have certain sustenance 
every year to this hospital with the assent of the Prior and 
of the Convent of Durham, the which was granted and 
confirmed for ever ; to wit for the chaplain abiding there 
the livere^ of a monk every day, and every year a 
garnement 3 of the price of one mark ; and for the xiij 
brethren and sisters every week xxiij loaves, and the half- 
part [thereof] of white bread de mayne^^ and on three days 

' Probably the right of the tenants of the estate to grind their corn at 
the mill. Mais or matt means a sort of coffer into which the flour falls as 
the corn is ground. See Ducange, sub voce Maita. 

' I.e., a monk's usual daily sustenance ; probably from Low Latin 
liverarey or liberare^ meaning to deliver, or remit. See Ducange. In Old 
French, livraisan means something given or delivered in kind. 

3 A long coat, or kind of mantle. 

* The word mayne should come from Low Latin ntainay a mansion, or 
house. It may have been the usual term for such bread as was used in 
good households — household-bread. 



238 APPENDIX B. 

in the week pulmeni ^ — ^to wit, on each day two gallons and 
a half; and every year to each brother and sister for 
themselves three ells of russet and three others of canvas 
and iiij^. for shoes. And of such sustenances and livere 
this hospital was seized by years and days until the time of 
a monk, dan John of Bulford, Almoner of Durham, who 
begged by fraud of one Thomas de Heworth (one of the 
brethren who acted as j^uardian) that he would lend him 
the loaves of one week for workmen that he had at Witton ; 
and he {ue.^ Thomas de Hemorth) granted them to him, 
and also others for other three weeks next ensuing, for that 
the house was at that time in good case ; and then went 
this Thomas and asked for the loaves, which were ready, 
and given up to him at his request. And in order to get 
sight of the muniments which were in the keeping of the 
said Thomas, the said dan John gave the said Thomas a 
swxzodX furee de Ray * which had belonged to one William, 
his sergeant, who was dead ; and the said Thomas received 
this surcoat, and brought him all their muniments to keep ; 
and the said dan John took them, and they were by him 
detained, and are so still,3 together with their loaves, and 
their clothes \draps\ and their money, and their ^/m^«/. 
Wherefore, Sir, all Christian souls pray you for remedy 
and amendment. 

Endorsed on the part of the Prior and Convent after 
they had received the document : — 

Complaint concerning alms for the Magdalen Hospital. 
But be it known that this complaint does not contain truth 
for the most part. 



VI. A.D. 1 39 1. Bishop Skirlaw's Indulgence in 

BEHALF OF S. MaRY MaGDALEN HOSPITAL. 

\Durham Treasury y 2264 — ^ ^ Elemos., No. /j']. 

Universis Sanctae Matris Ecclesiae filiis ad quos 
praesentes Hterae pervenerint Walterus permissione divina 
Dunolmensis Episcopus Salutem in Domino sempiternam. 



' PuLMENTUM. — Vox veteribus cognita, sed sequiori aetati maxime 
in reg^lis monasticis usurpata, ubi pro quovis obsonio acctpitur. — D'Amts. 

* Puree for fourHe^ i,e,f furred. Ray may be the Eng'lish word that 
occurs in Ray-cloth, meanings '' cloth that was never coloured or dyed/* 
(Bailey). 

3 Uncorsunt in the original seems to be meant for encore sonL 



APPENDIX B. 239 

Gratum obsequium ac Deo placitum tociens impendere 
opinamur quociens mentes fidelium ad caritativae de- 
vocionis opera propensius excitamus. De Dei igitur 
omnipotentis misericordia, piissimaeque Virginis Matris 
ejus ac beatorum Petri et Pauli apostolorum necnon beati 
confessoris Cuthberti patroni nostri gloriosi omniumque 
Sanctorum meritis et precibus confidentes, omnibus 
parochianis nostris, ac aliis quorum diocesani hanc 
nostram indulgentiam ratam habuerint pariter et acceptam, 
de peccatis suis vere contritis et confessis, qui ad hospitale 
beatae Mariae Magdalenae in strata vulgariter nuncupata 
Saintgiligate in civitate nostra Dunolmen. situatum in 
festis ejusdem futuris temporibus causa devocionis 
accesserint et ad ipsius Hospitalis et pauperum susten- 
tacionem ibidem degencium quicquam de bonis a Deo sibi 
collatis obtulerint contulerint aut alio quo vis modo caritatis 
intuitu assignaverint, seu devote verbum Dei audierint 
propositum in eodem, quadraginta dies indulgenciae 
concedimus per praesentes. In cujus rei testimonium 
sigillum fecimus hiis apponi. Datum in manerio nostro 
de Aukeland secundo die mensis Maii Anno Domini 
millesimo ccc^ nonagesimo primo et nostrae translacionis 
quarto. 

[Episcopal seal in red wax]. 

Endorsed: Litera Walteri Episcopi in qua concedit 
xl^ dies indulgenciae omnibus bona facientibus ad 
ecclesiam Magdalenae seu audientibus verbum Domini 
ibidem praedicari. 



VIL A.D. 1449. Bishop Nevill's License, with In- 
dulgence, FOR removal of THE ChURCH OF 

S. Mary Magdalen Hospital. 

[Durham Treasury, 226^]. 

Licencia R. Nevill, Episcopi. 

Robertus permissione divina Dunelm. episcopus 
praedilectis nobis in Christo Priori et Capitulo ecclesiae 
nostrae Cathedralis Dunelm. Salutem graciam et bene- 
diccionem. Exhibita nobis nuper ex parte vestra peticio 
continebat quod, licet ecclesia parochialis infra hospitale 
beatae Mariae Magdalenae juxta vicum vulgariter nun- 
cupatum Seyntgyligate nostrae dioceseos officio Elimosi- 
nariae ecclesiae nostrae Cathedralis Dunelm. praedictae 



240 APPENDIX B. 

annexa ad honorem ejusdem Sanctae in terra aquosa et 
minus tuta ex antiquis temporibus fundata fiierat et erecta, 
ipsa tamen ecclesia propter debilitatem sui fiindamenti et 
negligenciam artiiicum humiditatesque subterraneas eidem 
quotidie ingruentes tantam et notoriam patitur ruinam in 
praesenti quod presbiteris et pauperibus caeterisque 
peregrinis ipsam visitare volentibus tutus non patet 
accessus, divinaque ut decet vix valent celebrari in eadem, 
unde nobis pro parte vestra praedicta humiliter extitit 
supplicatum quatenus non solum pro translacione verum 
eciam nova construccione ecclesiae praedictae nostram 
licenciam specialem vobis concedere dignaremur, Nos igitur, 
hujusmodi piis et devotis supplicacionibus tanquam justis 
favorabiliter annuentes, arbitrantesque justum fore et 
consonum quod petitur in praemissis ad transferendam et 
removendam ecclesiam hujusmodi ruinosam a loco 
praedicto et eam in quocumque alio loco tutiori et magis 
ydoneo infra territorium dicti hospitalis ad divini cultus 
augmentum et honorem dictae Sanctae cum omnibus suis 
junbus parochialibus eidem et antiquo debitis et consuetis 
fundandam erigendam et de novo construendam, absque 
praejudicio juris alieni, vobis ex causis praemissis et aliis 
nos ad hoc moventibus licenciam tenore praesencium 
concedimus, specialem potestatem tamen ipsam ecclesiam 
cum translata fundata erecta et constructa fuerit dedicandi 
sanctiiicandi et benedicendi nobis specialiter reservantes. 
Universis insuper et singulis subditis nostris, et aliis 
quorum diocesani banc nostram indulgentiam ratam 
habuerint pariter et acceptam, de peccatis suis vere 

f)oenitentibus confessis et contritis, qui dictam ecclesiam in 
esto dictae sanctae peregrinacionis causa devote visita- 
verint, aut de bonis sibi a Deo collatis in supportacionem 
ejusdem contulerint legaverint seu quovis modo assigna- 
verint subsidio caritatis, tociens quociens id fecerint 
quadraginta dies de injunctis sibi poenitentiis misericorditer 
in Domino relaxamus. Ac omnes et omnimodas 
indulgencias eidem hospitali et benefactoribus ejusdem a 
quibuscumque Sanctis patribus antea concessas quantum in 
nobis est ratificamus et confirmamus per praesentes sigillo 
nostro ad causas roboratas. Dat. apud Aukelaunde die 
mensis Februarii secundo Anno Domini Millesimo cccc™® 
quadragesimo nono. 

[Seal of Bishop Nevill in red wax\ 



APPENDIX B. 241 

VIII. A.D. 1451. Licence to Suffragan to 
Consecrate. 

[Zhirham Treasury, 2266]. 

Licentia suffraganeo data ad dedicandam Ecclesiam &c., 

S. M. Magd. 

Venerabili in Christo patri domino Roberto Dei gratia 
Holen. episcopo^ Johannes Norton decretorum doctor, 
Reverendi in Christo patris et domini domini Roberti Dei 
gratia Dunelm. Episcopi in remotis agentis vicarius in 
spiritualibus generalis, omnimodo reverencia debita cum 
honore. Intimarunt nobis nuper venerabiles et religiosi 
viri Prior et Capitulum Ecclesiae Cathedralis Dunelm. 
quod ipsi quamdam capellam infra hospitale beatae Mariae 
Magdalenae inter hospitale de Kepyer et vicum Sancti 
Egidii situatam ex speciali licencia dicti Reverendi patris 
Dunelm. primitus petita et obtenta ab uno loco in alium 
transtulerunt erexerunt construxerunt ac de novo edifi- 
carunt, nobis humiliter supplicantes quatenus pro 
dedicatione consecratione et benediccione ejusdem altarium- 
que omnium et singulorum in eadem existencium, necnon 
coemiterii eidem adjacentis et contigui, vestrae reverendae 
fraternitati scribere et plenariam potestatem ad hoc tribuere 
dignaremur. Nos igitur eorum supplicacionibus tamquam 
justis et racioni consonis quantum ad nos attinet attenta 
benevolentia dicti Reverendi patris cujus vices gerimus 
de qua nobis favorabiliter annuentes ad consecrandam 
dedicandam et in forma canonica benedicendam capellam 
hujusmodi una cum altaribus et coemiterio praedictis, salvo 
jure cujuscumque, vestrae paternitati reverendae supra- 
dictae auctoritate nobis commissa licenciam concedimus et 
plenam in Domino committimus potestatem per praesentes 
sigillo quo in hoc officio utimur roboratas. Dat. sexto die 
mensis Maii Anno Domini millesimo cccc^ quinquagesimo 
primo. 

[Oval seal of Vicar General in red wax]. 



IX. Benefaction by the Vicar of Billingham. 

[Durham Treasury y 22'ij, /« 2^^ Elemos. 2 a]. 

Dilectis sibi in Christo burgensibus Domini Prioris 
Dunelm. Dominus Ricardus Vicarius de Bilingham 
Salutem in Domino. Noveritis me pro salute animae 

' Perhaps Bishop of Hola in Iceland, acting for the Bishop of Durham 
There was a small see so called under the Archbishop of Lund. 

16 



242 APPENDIX B. 

meae dedisse imperpetuum elemosinario Dunelm. ad 
sustentacionem et recreacionem pauperum in hospital! 
Sanctae Mariae Magdal. iij solidos annui redditus quos 
percepi de domibus ex opposite ecclesiae Sanctae Mar- 
garetae quas Willelmus de Wytewel in feodo de me tenuit, 
unde quia super varias et necessarias ocupaciones placitis 
nostris interesse ad praesens personaliter non possum, 
dominum Ricardum Capellanum filium meum certum 
attornatum et procuratorem coram nobis ad instituendum 
et insaysandum dictum elenosinarium in dictum redditum 
constituo, Ratum habiturus et gratum quicquid dictus 
Ricardus nomine meo super praemissis duxerit faciendum. 
In cujus rei testimonium sigillum meum huic scripto est 
appensum. {Seal gone). 

Endorsed: — De redditu iij solidorum de domo in 
Crossegate ex opposite ecclesiae Sanctae Margaretae. 

X. Notices of S. Mary Magdalen Hospital in 

MiCKLETON MSS. AND HUNTER MSS. {Cosifl's 

and Dean and Chapter Libraries). 

De Capella S^*® Mariae Magdalenae prope Dunelm. 
in Warda de Easington. 

Luminare fuit beatae Mariae in capella juxta Kepyer 
hP 1303. Vicus fuit nuncupatus Vicus B^e Mariae 
Magdalenae. Vide in cart. Tho : Dec. et Cap. D. In 
hac capella olim Magister Scholae Farmariae [Farmary 
Schoole] (Quae fuit extra januas Abbathiae Dunelm., ac 
fundata per Priores praedictae Abbathiae seu Cathedralis 
Ecclesiae D., ac ejusdem Domus seu Abbathiae sumptibus) 
obligatus fuit Missam bis in septimana dicere, ac semel in 
septimana in Capella apud Kimblesworth. Nomen ultimi 
magistri praefatae scholae fuit Robertus [dictus S^ 
Robert] Hartburne. Qui ita magister continuavit usque 
suppressionem Domus seu Abbathiae praedictae. Vide de 
Hospitali B^^ Mariae Magdalenae juxta vicum vulgariter 
dictum Seynt Gyligate officio Elemosunariae connexo inter 
cartas Tho : praedicti. Haec capella nunc totaliter 
disperta, ac in magno decasu est, et nullus usus inde factus 
{Mickleton MSS. , No. j2, p. no). Cf. ' ' Rites of Durham, " 

Also, to the same effect, p. j^, ** de Scholis Dunelm." 

The following notices are from Hunter MSS., No. j^.* — 

(i) St. Magdalen's gate was a Passage or Lane 
leading from Gilligate to S^ Mary Magdalen Hospital its 



APPENDIX B. 243 

beginning only now remaining namely a vacant narrow 
piece of ground open to y® street behind some Cottages on 
ye left hand at y^ bottom of the hill in going up to y« 
Church. 

Assisa capta pro semita in vico Magdalenae. 

Memorand. quod die Lunae prox^ post Fest. 
Ascensionis D^^ Anno Pontific. D"* Ricardi de Bury 
episcopi Dunelm. septimo et A^ Domini 1349 Wills de 
Hextildesham attach, fuit ad respondend. D^o Episcopo 
de eo quod injuste obstruxit semitam in le Maudeleynggs in 
Seint gilygats in Dunelm. quaequidem semita se extenderat 
a Regia Via ibidem usque quendam fontem qui vocatur 
Hexham Well & ab inde usque Domum Hospitalis de 
Kyppier quae quidem semita erat communis ad homines 
de Seint gilgat, prout praesentatum fuit coram Johanne de 
Menvill tunc Vic. Dunelm. in Turno suo ibidem capto ad 
grave damnum totius Populi tam de Seint gilygat quam 
aliorum et contra pacem etc. Et praedictus Wills venit et 
dixit quod non est inde culp. Et hoc petit quod inquiratur 
per Patriam. Et Johannes de Egglscluff qui sequitur pro 
D"o Episcopo similiter etc. Jura — etc. Juratores tam de 
hominibus de Seintgilygat quam de forinc. electi dicunt 
super Sacramentum suum quod nullam Semitam idem 
Wills obstruxit ibidem eo quod nulla Semita de Jure esse 
debet in loco praedicto, quia dicunt quod ilia semita quam 
homines praedicti clamant ibidem iidem homines fecerunt 
in loco praedicto post tempus quo quaedam Domus plantata 
ibidem, prout nunc est, destructa fuit per Inimicos Scotiae, 
& ilia Placea Domus integra inclusa fuit per quendam 
Murum, ultra quem Murum iidem homines de Injuria 
eorum et non de Jure ultra Murum praedictum fecerunt 
Semitam praedictam &c. Ideo cons, est quod praedictus 
Wills teneat Domum suam integram sine Semita. 

Cartuar. Elemosinariae Dunelm., page 12^. 

(ii) Tenementa Elemosinarii tn Parochia S. Mariae 
Magdalenae. 

De primo, Tenementorum trium cum Tectura 
straminea 



1 2 J. 6rf. 
De secundo, Tenemento Elemos. ibidem cum\ 



Tectura straminea / 



1 1 J. 



xvjs. viijrf. 



xviijrf. 



244 APPENDIX B. 

De Tertio, Tenemento ibidem cum diversis^ 
iEdificiis et una Acra & iij Rod. Prati infra 
unum Clausum ad finem Gardini ejusdem 
Tenementi & cum Decima foeni dicti Prati 
& cum Decima Foeni unius Acrae Prati 
Haeredum Comitis Westmerlandiae jacentis 
infra praedictum clausum 

De Haeredibus Comitis Westmerlandiae pro' 
libero Redditu unius acrae Prati jacent. infra .. , 
quoddam Clausum Elemosinariae pertinensj ^ 
ad Tenem. proxime praedictum J 

Et in expens. pro una Pietanc. annuatim in) 
Festo S. Mariae Magdalenae dari consueta j^^^^' 

Pro cera & vino ac factura Cerae pro Coena' 
D'ii capellis Hospitalis B. Mariae Magda- 
lenae & Infirmariae 

(iii) S. Magdalen's Hospital. 

Jam Seges ubi Troja fuit. No remains even of any 
Foundations of this Reservatory of indigent Persons of 
both Sexes appear, even upon a diligent Search. And y* 
Chapell, which was erected at first with the Hospital, 
proved to be situate on too moist a Soil, & became subject 
to fall down. Application was made to Bp. Nevill who 
granted his Licence to demolish that faulty one & to 
rebuild another upon a more promising Foundation, & 
afterwards gave his Mandate to his Suffragan to Consecrate 
y« same in his Absence out of his Diocess. The Walls 
hereof without any Covering Doors or Windowes yet 
remain ; ye Rev^ ye Dean & Chapter nominate a Chaplain 
to ye same & regularly pay his Stipend yearly. 

Land belonging to the Hospital. 
(i) in two Inclosures with ye Chapell Yard, upon 
each Side of the Hospital four Acres & half of 
Land. 

(2) in ye East field near Kypier Inclosure, in a 
certain Corner — four Acres of Land. 



twelve Acres 
of Land. 



(3) in one spacious Close in a Corner' 

adjoyning upon Kypier extend- 
ing to ye River Were 

(4) in one piece of Land on ye west sidel One Acre of 

of the said close j Land. 

(5) One ye west side of ye said Acre] . . 

lies another Acre of Land which ^^"f ^^!^ ^^ 
pays Tyth for Hay J ^^"^- 



APPENDIX B. 245 



three Acres 
of Land. 

60 Acres of 
Land. 



(6) In one Inclosure in ye Corner by' 

ye two ways leading from S^ Giles 
Gate to ye said Hospital 

(7) In one large Close called Mau-' 

deleynleys before y^ Gate of 
Shirburn Hospital 

In ye year 1534 I find ye following Persons enter- 
tained in ye said Hospital. Their yearly Salary was 24-$". 
I. Mater D^^* Roberti Benet, i^t Prebendary in ye ii^h Stall 
Ao 1542 ; 2. Agnes Davison, Daughter of George 
Davison ; 3. Robert Benet ; 4. Robert Kyrn ; 5. Thomas 
Wright. 

(iv) Carta Petri fiL Eliae Russell de Dunelm. de Tofto et 
Crofto ad Sustentattonem Pauperum commoranttum 
in Domo S. Mariae Magdalenae, 

Omnibus Fidelibus ad quorum Notitiam praesens 
Scriptum pervenerit Petrus fil. Eliae Russell de Dunelm. 
Salutem. Noveritis Me tactis Sacrosanctis & de mea bona 
Voluntate remisisse, concessisse, & praesenti Scripto meo 
confirmasse, ac de Me et Haeredibus meis & assignatis 
imperpetuum quietum clamasse Domui B. Mariae 
Magdalenae in Dunelm. & Fratribus infirmis ibidem 
commorantibus totum Jus & Clameum quod habeo vel 
habere potero in uno Tofto et Crofto cum pertinentiis in 
Vico S. Mariae Magdalenae in Dunelm. quae fuerunt 
Thomae Emre haereditar. Ita quod nee Ego nee aliquis 
alius Mortalis Nomine meo in praedicto Tofto & Crofto 
aliquod Jus vel Clamium de caetero erigere vel vendicare 
poterimus. In cujus Rei Testimonium praesenti Scripto 
Sigillum meum apposui his Testibus, Johanne de Malton, 
tunc Senescallo Prioris Dunelm., Will^ de*Tremdon, 
Johanne de Castro, cum multis aliis. 

Cartuar. Elemosinar. Dunelm. ^ page 126. 

(v) Quieta Clamatio Matildis filiae Ricardi de Tenetnf^ in 
Vico B. Mariae Magdalenae facta Domui B. Mariae 
Magdalenae. 

Omnibus Christi Fidelibus ad quos praesens Scriptum 
pervenerit Matildis filia Ricardi de Vico S. Mariae 
Magdalenae Salutem in D'^o. Noverit Universitas vestra Me 
tactis Sacrosanctis, & de bona Voluntate mea et in mera 
Viduitate & Potestate mea remisisse, concessisse, & hoc 
praesenti Scripto meo confirmasse de Me et Haeredibus 
meis omnino quietum clamasse Domui Beatae Mariae 



246 



APPENDIX B. 



Magdalenae in Dunelm. totam Terram et Tenementum 
cum omnibus Pertinentiis suis quam habui & tenui in Vico 
B. Mariae supradictae sine aliquo Retenimento ; Ita quod 
nee Ego nee aliquis seu aliqua Nomine meo in praedicta 
Terra vel Tenem^^ vel aliqua parte Terrae praenominatae 
aliquod Jus vql Clameum de caetero exigere poterimus vel 
aliquo modo vendicare. In cujus Rei Testimonium 
praesenti Scripto Sigillum meum apposui his Testibus, 
Willo de Wedawe, Hugone de Publicis, Ricardo Dante, 
Waltero Fabro, Elya Pistore, Johanne fil. Bertrami, cum 
aliis. 

(vi) Blada assignata per Priorem 6* Capitulum ad 
Sustentationem Pauperum in Hospitali S. Mariae 
Magdalenae Dunelm. ex Maneriis suis sequentibus. 

Renton Est 

West 
Moresley 
"Pityngton North 
South 
Billingham - ■ 
Cowpen - - 
Wolveston 
Burdon - - ■ 
Acly - - - . 
Bermton 
Skirnyngham 
Ketton 
Chilton 

Merrington Est 
Skelowe 



Wallesend - 


- 


- ijs. ijd. 


Willington - 


- 


- ij-y. ijrf. 


Heworth nether 


".... ^y^- 


over 




• • • • 

- iiij J. 


Hedworthe - 


- 


xd. 


Hebburn - 


mm 


• • • • m 

iiija. 


Monkton 


- 


xijd. 


Jarow - - 


- 


ijd. 


Simondside 


- 


xijd. 


Harton - - 


- 


- njs. nijd. 


Westow - - 


mm 


- ij'S'. 


Fulwell - - 


- 


viijd. 


Wermouthe 


mm 


xviijrf. 


Southwyk - 


- 


xxd. 


Dalton 






Heselden - 


- 


xv]d. 



UJS. 

• • • 

UJS. 

• • • 

UJS. 



• • • • y 

iiija. 

• • • • y 

iiija. 

• • • • y 

iiija. 

viijrf. 

xijd. 



} 



xviijfl?. 



(vii) Fratres 6r» Sorores in Hosp^' S. Mariae Magdalenue 
1532 B. 
I . Mater D"' Roberti Benett qui est constitutus' 

primus canonicus in undecima Stallo -xxiiijj. 
Ao 1542 J 

Agnes filia Georgij Davison - - - xxiiijj. 
Robertus Kerven ----- xxiiijj". 
Katerina Midilton ----- xxiiijj. 
Johannes Brown ----- xxiiijj. 



2. 

3- 
4- 
5- 



XL Rev. F. Thompson's Notes, &c. 

Interesting extracts made by the late Rev. Francis 
Thompson from the Almoner's Rolls in the Durham 
Treasury, relating to the rebuilding of the Church of the 



APPENDIX B. 247 

Hospital under the authority of Bishop Nevill, and repairs 
both of the old and the new one in successive years, 
with notes about the present remains, will be found in 
** Transactions of Architectural and Archaeological 
Society of Durham and Northumberland, mdccclxix — 
MDCCCLXXV." To these may here be added the following 
account of repairs as late as a.d. 1554 : — 

Durham Treasury^ No. joo"^. 

Magdaleyn ChapelL 

xviijmo die Decembris anno regni regis Edwardi Sexti etc. 
Septimo. 

Item paid to Cuthbert Wilkinson for workinge and 
thiking with sclat worke, upon the Magdeleyn Chauncell 
for three dayes at vijrf. on the day, xxjrf. 

Item to William Wilkinson and Thomas Wilkinson 
working on the same worke the space of foure days at 
xijrf. betwixt theyme on the daye — iiijj. 

Item to the said Cuthbert for two fother off sklates at 
xrf. a fother — ^xxrf. 

Item for cariage of the sam to William Ayre and 
William Selbie, xvjrf. 

Item for caring of Sand and lyme to the same worke 
from Eluett bridge — vjrf. 

Summa — ixj. iijrf. Exam, per Robertum Benett 
Vicedecanum. 



APPENDIX C. 



RELATING TO THE PARISH CHURCH AND GUILD 

OF ST. GILES. 



The following information and extracts have been 
supplied to the Editor by M*^ Henry Grove, of London, after 
search in the Record Office. 

Grant of the Rectory of St. Giles, Durham. 

By letters Patent dated 23''d May in the 7^*^ year of 
Edward VI (1553) the King sold to Lord Ormeston, with 
other property, the Rectory and Church of St. Giles, 
Durham, part of the possessions of the late Hospital of 
Kepyer, to which it had been appropriated. The grant 
includes all tithes, oblations, obventions, pastures, rents, 
pensions, and portions of tithes. Court Lets, frankpledges, 
commodies, emoluments, and hereditaments spiritual and 
temporal. 

There is no special mention of the right to the 
advowson of the Vicarage ; but it doubtless passed with 
the tithes under the words ** Rectory and Church" of 
St. Giles. ^ 

The Grant is enrolled on the Patent Roll of 6^ Edw. 
VI, Part 7, No. 24. 

The Guild in the Church of St. Giles. 

[Chantty Certificates, Durham. Roll 18, No. 65]. 

Commission dated 14 Feb., 27 Hen. VHI (1545-6). 

The Countye of Northumberlande and the Bisshopricke 
of Durham. 

65. Com ** Dunelmen." 

The Guylde of Seynt Giles in the parishe churche of 
Seynt Gyles in the Citie of Durham. 



' This is the remark of Mr. Grove. The more probable explanation is 
that there was no endowment of a Vicarage, the brethren of Kepyer, being 
an ecclesiastical Corporation, having served the church themselves. See 
** Introduction," under '* The Parish Church and Living." 



APPENDIX C. 249 

The said Guylde was founded to fynde A priest for 
ever for the mayntenance of Goddis servyce by the devocion 
of good people inhabytyng in the Citie of Durham by 
Reporte, but there is no Dede of any Foundacion therof 
to be shewed, [yearly value according to Book of First 
Fruits and Tenths]. Ivijj. id. ob'. 

Wha^ follows is thus headed. 

[The yerely valewe of the same according to this 
Survey with the yerely Resolucions and Deduccions goyng 
out of every of theym and in what Sorte the Revenues and 
profittis of the same be expended and employed]. 

The yerely valewe, vj/. xvj. xrf., as appereth by a 
Rentall. Wherof is paid owt for Rentis resolute 
xxxviijj. iiijrf. ob* and for the Kinges maiesties tenthes 
vs, viijrf. ob' qa. as Doth appere by the same Rentall — 
xliiijV. ]d. qa. And Remayneth clerely iiijV. xj^. viij ob* qa, 
which bene employed to the sustentacion and Relief of 
Richard Mydleton prieste Incumbent of the same. 

The said Guylde is founded in the parishe churche of 
Saynt Gyles aforsaid. 

[The valewe of the Ornamentis &c.] xxxviijV. xrf. as 
appereth by A perticuler Inventory of the same. 

Ther wer no other landes nor yerely profittes apper- 
teynyng or belongyng to the said Guylde syth the iiij^^ 
day of February in the xxvij^^ yere of the Kingis maiesties 
Reigne more than is before mencyoned. 

Exchequer Q*R> Church Goods -^^ Derby ^ Devon, 

Dorset and Durham. 

No. j-. This Inventory Indentyd made the viijth daie 
of Aprill Anno H. viiji xxxviijoo Witnesseth that I S*" Ric. 
Mydleton clerk Incumbent of the chauntry or guilde of 
Saint Giles in the parishe of Saint Giles in the citie of 
Durham have had received and taken into my charge and 
custody by the deliverie of the King's Majesties com- 
missioners in this behalf apointed thes particular parcells 
of plate ornaments and goods thereof ensying, the same 
savely to kepe and preserve to the King's Majesties use 
And untill his Majesties plesure in this behalf be further 
knowen. 



250 APPENDIX C. 

Inprimis one chalice silver parcell gilt\ .. . , 

waing ix ounces at iiijj. ijd. the ounce J ^^x^U-^- ^J^- 

Item ij Masseboks - - - . - - xvjrf. 

Sum of this Inventory xxxviijj. xd. 

Sr Ric. Medilton. 

Ibtd. j^ 7 Edward VP^ 

Seint Gyles Churche in Duresme. 

One Challice with a paton of sylver weying xiiij unces. 
Thre Bells in the Stepell, a lyttell Sance bell, a sacring 
bell, and a hand bell. 

A.D. 1548. Chantry Certificate, Durham. Roll i*^, No. 6. 

Commission dated 14 Feb., 2 Edw. 6 (1547-8). 

The Busshopprycke off Duresme 

The Parishe Churche of Sainte Giles having of 
howsling people ccccxx 

The Guylde of Saincte Giles in the said churche 

[Incumbent] Richarde Middleton of the age of Ij yeres 

The yerelie valewe - - - vij/. vijs. ijd. 

Reprises ----- xxxiijj. ob\ 

Remayne ----- cxiiijj. jd. ob\ 

Stocke ----- None 

Plate one challies Gylte Wayeing ix ownce 

Ornamentes- - - - - Not praised 

Leade ------ none 

Bells ------ none 

The Obitt of John Smithe withein the said parishe.^ 

The yerelie valewe - - - iiijj. 
Reprises - - - - xijrf. — opus j^ Diei. 

Remayne ----- iijj. 

Stocke of money - - - - ^one 

Plate 

Ornamentes- - - - - none 

Leade and Bells - - - - none 




' There is a Grant of this Obit in the 6th of James to Morrice and 
Phelips, together with a free Chapel in King-sgate, valued at &y. But there 
is nothing to show that this Chapel belonged to either the Guild or to the 
Obit in St. Giles' Church. The grant is enrolled on the Patent of 6 James 
part 30, M. 8. 



appendix c. 251 

Grants of the Property of the Guild. 

The houses that were comprised in the leases were all 
subsequently granted in fee by James I. The first 
Grantees were Ward & Morgan in the 6th year of James, 
of several houses named in the leases. The second Grant 
was to Morris & Phelips in the 7th of James, which 
comprised the residue of the houses. 

Beyond stating that the houses were once the property 
of the Guild of St. Giles in the city of Durham, the Grants 
do not give any particulars of interest. One is enrolled on 
the Patent of 6 James, part 21, & the other on the 6th 
James, part 30. 



.nd 
jrc 
;he 

es 



APPENDIX D. 



I.— MASTERS OF KEPYER HOSPITAL. 



The following list with annotations and references, 
with the exception of the names printed in italics, is what 
is given in the ** Mickleton MSS.," No. 32. The meaning 
of some of the abbreviated references has not been dis- 
covered by the present Editor. The names in italics have 
been supplied, as will appear, from other authentic 
sources. Further notices of what is known of the 
successive rulers are given in the foot-notes. In documents 
referring to them their official title varies, ** Magister sive 
Custos being the most usual expression, and the word 
** Gubernator " being sometimes used. But in Bishop 
Pudsey's original **ordinatio" of the Hospital the title 
** Magister " alone occurs. It is obvious that their position 
was one of dignity, and often occupied in conjunction with 
other honourable and important offices. The bishops, 
having the appointment in their hands, appear to have 
usually conferred it on men whom they delighted to 
honour, and whom they continued to employ in other 
ways. 

Extracts from ** Mickleton MSS.," No. J2, fo. y^i v., 

et seq. 

De Procuratoribus, Magistris, Custodibus, Guber- 
natoribus Hospitalis de Kypier. 

Kings 
H. 2. 



Adamus Canonicus Procurator Hos- 
pitalis praedicti.i (M.D., 133). 

Radulfus Rector Hospitalis de Ky-|^<ww^. Ric 
pier.2 (MS., Gowland, fo. 8). 



Bishops. 
Temp. Hugonis. 



[Pauper]. 



H. 3. 



' There seems to be nothing to show positively that this Adam was 
Master of the Hospital. All that appears is that he acted as proctor for the 
house, being also designated ^* Canonicus" in its Composition in the year 
1 189 with Germanus the Prior and the Convent of Durham with regard to 
the tithes of Clifton (See above, p. 204). 

' In a Composition between the Convent and the Hospital in the 
earlier part of the thirteenth century Radulfus de Elvet^ there described as 
monacusy acts as procurator for the Hospital (See Appendix B, I). In 
another document of the time of Prior Kemech (1219 — 1233) we find also 
R, rectoretn nostrum (presumably the same Radulfus) among the proctdratores 
for the Hospital (See Appendix B, II). 



APPENDIX D. 



253 



Bishops. 
Temp, Nich. 
[de Famham]. 



3 Reg., fo. 83 h, 
Anthonii cp. 

Anth. Bek. 



King's 
H. 3. 



M AGISTER DE Argentino,^ Magister 
Hospitalis praedicti in cart. 

John de Lundoniis.^ 

Petrus de Tylynsby,3 Magister Hos- 
pitalis Ao 1300. 

Petrus de Thoresby,4 presbyter, Anth. Bek. e. 2. 
Magister Hospitalis praedicti. In quo 
quidem Petri tempore incendium in 
quandam domum infra idem Hospitale 
subito supervenit A^ 1306. In qua 
domo Chartae & quaedam Munimenta 
Hospitalis praedicti combusta fuerunt. 

* His name occurs in the form of " De Argentaneo" in No. IX of the 
Verified Charters (See above, p. 201), in which Robert and Sibilla Corbech 
quit-claim to the Hospital certain lands at Hunstanworth in return for ten 
marks, ** quas Magister de Argentaneo et fratres praenotatae domus nobis 
in caritate dederunt." 

' His name is omitted altogether in the Mickleton MSS. In the list of 
Masters given in the Hunter MSS. he comes first, thus : — ** 1254 — Johan. de 
London." He is said by Surtees to have been Chaplain to Bishop Walter 
de Kirkham (1249 — '260). He was commissioned with W. de Meru by 
Bishop Kirkham to receive the resignation of Bertram, Prior of Durham, 
A.D. 1258 (** Tres ScriptoreSf' cap. vi, p. 43), but he is not there designated as 
Master of Kepyer. 

3 Omitted in the Hunter MSS., and ignored by Hutchinson and Surtees. 
But see ^^ Registrum III Prioris et Convent, Dunelm,'' in the Durham 
Treasury, fo. 83 v., where in a pronouncement of contumacy by the Bishop 
(Anthony Bek) against the Prior and Convent (13 Kal. Jun., 1300), "dominus 
Pet. de Tyleynsby Magr Hospitalis de Kepeyere " is among the witnesses. 
Other witnesses are the Master of Sherburn and the Rector of Brancepeth. 

* Thus, according to the Mickleton MSS., he was Master of the 
Hospital at least as early as 1306, when the Scots burnt the muniment 
room. In 131 1 he was cited as ** Custos de Kepiyere" in a visitation to be 
held by the Bishop (Ric. Kellaw) concerning his acts of dilapidation at 
Kepyer (Kellaw's *^Reg, Palat," Rolls Edition, vol. i, p. 34). In 1312 (4. Kal, 
Nov,) he was witness, with his ** capellanis," to a confirmation of a grant to 
the Chapel of St. James on New Bridge at Durham (Ibid,, vol. ii, p. 1 176). In 
the same year (7 Id, Mar,) he was witness to royal confirmation of grants 
made by Bishop Bek to Roger de Esse ; and (4 Id, Nov,) to Inspeximus of 
the same. In 1315 his name occurs as having been one of the receivers of 
Bishop Bek, in a King's writ in favour of the executors of that bishop (Ibid,, 
vol. ii, p. 1097). 

The following previous notices of him are also found in the same 
" Registrum Palatinum " of Bishop Kellaw : — 

A.D. 1295.— There is the record of a fine levied in the Bishop's Court at 
Durham (2j Edw. I: 12 Ant, Bek.) ** coram Guychardo de Charron et Petro 
de Thoresby, justiciariis assignatis " (vol. iii, p. 69). In the same volume, 
p. 236, there is also the copy of a grant by Anthony, Bishop of Durham 
(not dated), in which **dominus Petrus de Thoresby" is one of the witnesses. 

A.D. 1305. — It is recorded that Bishop Bek, having seized the Priorate of 
Durham, "custodes et ballivos suos in eadem prioratu apponit, scilicet 
Petrum de Thoresby," &c. (vol. iv, p. 17). In the same year the deprived 
Prior "nunciavit Petro de Thoresby custodi prioratus tunc quod pax inter 
dominum Ep'.scopum et ipsum coram domino Rege pacta fuit, et idem Petrus 
custos in hoc gavisus," &c. (Ibid,, p. 47). 



Bishops. 



Ricardi [Kellaw] 



Kingfs 



E. 2. 



254 APPENDIX D. 

Vide Cart. A^ 131 1, Ao 4 E. 2, in M.D. 
Qui Petrus etiam fuit tempore 
Roberti [Stichell 17] Epi D. Unusejus 
Justiciarius. Ac Constab. castri D. 
Ac Cancellarius temporalis ejusdem 
Anthonii Ep'i et unus ejus Justic. 
Vide de isto Petro Wh. fo. 746, A^ 
1312. 

Hugo de Monte Alto,i Unus Mona- 
chorum Monasterii D., Magister anno 
131 1. 2 Reg. fo. I, 81. Ac lis orta 
inter hunc Hugonem Magistrum Hos- 
pitalis praedicti & fratres ejusdem loci 

It was probably he who assisted in rescuing the Archbishop of York 
(Tho. Grimston) from the mob, when the latter, A.D. 1283, had visited 
Durham, sede vacantey had been refused entrance into the Cathedral, and had 
proceeded to the Church of St. Nicholas, where he was about to excom- 
municate the Prior and Convent, when a tumult arose, and he had to escape 
by the waterside to Kepyer, having^ had one of his palfrey's ears cut oif, 
and might have been killed, **si Wycardus de Charrons et Petrus de 
Thorsbi non impedissent " (** Tres Scriptores/' 65). It will be observed that 
we have found him associated with.the same '^Guychardo de Charron" in the 
record of 1295 above referred to, both being there described as ** justiciarii." 

' He had been among the monks of Durham excommunicated, A.D. 1308, 
by Bishop Anthony Bee for not receiving Henry de Luceby as Prior in place 
of Richard Hotoun, and, when the latter had been dragged out of his stall 
by one of the monks, and imprisoned by the Bishop, Hugo Montalto, with 
another monk, John de Castro, had been imprisoned with him (** Ires 
Scriptores," cap. xxiii, and Appendix Ixxxv). He is named also, with other 
monks of Durham, in a letter of Pope Clement V with reference to this 
excommunication (Ibid,, p. ciii. No. Ixxxv). He was also the entertainer of 
Isabella, Queen of Edward TI, when on the 21st of April, 1311-12, she was 
lodged at Kepyer, the Master being paid £18 17s. 9d. for her expenses. — 
** Item domino Hugoni de Monte Alto per unam literam, vj/. ij^. viijrfl — Item 
in solucione facta pro expensis Reginae apud Kypyer xxj die mensis Aprilis 
xviij/. xviJ5. ixfl?. Item in liberacione facta Domino Roberto de Dunelm. in 
partem debiti in quo Dominus ei tenetur, viij/. x;. iiij^?. per dominum H. de 
Monte Alto" (" Tres Scripiores" Appendix Ixxxvi, pp. cv, cvi). His name 
occurs as Master of Kepyer in a grant by the Hospital to Robert de 
Epplynden, A.D. 131 1. See ** Introduction," p. xxiv. It was during his 
incumbency (a.d. 1311) that Bishop Kellaw issued his commission for 
verifying the Charters of the Hospital, which had been destroyed by the 
fire of 1306 (See above. Appendix A, p. 192). It was during his incum- 
bency too (a.d. 1315) that Kellow established a fourteenth prebend, to be 
attached to the Mastership of Kepyer, in the Collegiate Church of St. 
Andrew Auckland (^^ Registr, Palat." ii, p. 1272). In 131 2 the Prior of 
Durham, having been summoned to a Parliament to be holden at Lincoln, 
sent two proctors to represent him, one of whom was Hugo de Monte Alto 
(** Tres Scriptores,*' p. ex). He had previously (a.d. 1306), while still a monk of 
Durham, been appointed by the Prior, along with William De I'Escheker, 
to transact his business in any court of England (Ibid., p. cii). In 131 7, 
during his incumbency, a pension was granted by the Hospital to one 
Symon de Wycot, which was confirmed by the Prior (Galfrid) and the 
Convent, 1st Feb., i^i^(Durham Treasury, Reg. ii, fo. 67 v.). He is named 
as Master of Kepyer in Bishop Beaumont's licence with respect to the advow- 
son of Hunstan worth (See Appendix A, V)^ 



APPENDIX D. 



255 



et Thomam de Hessewell clericum 
Rectorem ecclesiae parochialis de 
Seggeffeld super jure et possessione 
percipiendi Decimam Garbarum de 
Hardwicke loco Medietatis Decima- 
rum de Seggeffeld provenientium de 
Dominiis Ep. Dun. olim de consensu 
partium praedictarum tunc existentium 
dicto Hospitali assignatarum, &c. Et 
Ricardus (Kellow 20) episcopus Dun. 
Ao 1 3 14 arbitrator electus ad ordina- 
tionem circa praemissa faciendam 
Ordinavit quod Magister et fratres 
Hospitalis praedicti & successores sui 
imperpetuum percipiant decimam de 
Hardwicke sicut ipsi Magister et 
praedecessores sui percipere consue- 
verunt, Quodque persolvant Rectoribus 
de Seg' 20$-. annuatim in Festo 
Natalis Johannis Baptistae. Vide 
banc Ordinationem seu transcriptum 
inde inter cartas Scholae Keperiensiis 
de Houghton in le Spring. 

Vide Erectionem et Collationem 
unius prebendae in Ecclesia de Auk- 
land ad Hospitale de Kypyer A^ 13 15. 
2 Reg., fo. II a. 

Vide cartam Willelmi [Cowton 20] 
Prioris & Capituli D. super varia 
munimenta facta ratione combustionis 
de K. 3 Reg., fo. 9, 10, initio. 

Vide cartam Magistri et Fratrum 
Hospitalis praedicti A^ 1336, 2 Reg., 
fo. 107 a. 

Edmundus Howard, I Magister Hos- 
pitalis S^» Egidii de Kypier A© 1341. 



Bishops. 



Ricardi [de 
Bury]. 



Kings 



E. 3. 



' In 1341 he granted a lease of a toft in Crossgate to Emma, relict of 
John de Todhowe (See Appendix A, XII). In 1343 he occurs as 
Archdeacon of Northumberland. In 1345, during his incumbency, Bishop 
Hatfield confirmed the evidences of the Hospital. In his time, too, was 
probably built the gateway of the Hospital which still remains, and on 
which are two shields, one of which bears three crowns, and the other a 
bend between what may have been crosses crosslet fitchy, much defaced 
by weather. The latter correspond with the arms of Howard, which are : — 
Gu,, a bend between 6 crosses crosslet fitchy ar^. The three crowns on 
the other shield were borne by the Abbey of Bury St. Edmund's, and by 
Tynemouth Priory. Why they appear on the gateway has not been 
discovered. Richard de Bury was the contemporary bishop ; but he is 
not known to have adopted these arms. 



256 



APPENDIX D. 



Dec. 



Bishops. Kings 



N 



Vide inter cartas in Thes. 
Capituli Dunelm. 

WiLLELMUs Legat,' Custos scu Magis- 
ter Hospitalis praedicti. 2 Reg., fo. 
139*. 

Iste Willelmus & Fratres Hospitalis 
&c. A" 135 1 dederunt Thomae de 
Lomeley Capellano burgagium in vico 
S" Egidii [Gyley strete]. 1 Cart., fo. 
292 b, 

Et vide in dicto i cart, separales 
concessiones in Gilestrete diet. Thomae 
episcopi inter praefatum Willelmui 
et Willelmum de Dalton, Rectorem 
ecclesiae de Hoghton A" 1350. Vide 
Ordinationem confirmatam per Johan- 
nem Priorem, &c., D. A° 1351 
Reg., fo. 139 b. 

N.B. — ^Johannes [Fossour 21] Prior 
et Capitulum D. A" 1352 concesserunt 
Magistro et Fratribus dicti hospitalis 
Sancti Egidii de Kypier et successori' 
bus suis Advocationem eorundem 
Prioris & D. ecclesiae parochial is 
de Hunstanword. i Cart., fo. 116 b, et 
4 Cart., fo. loS a. 

Richard Roe, 1362." 

Hugo Merle, 13SS {//unter MSS.). 

Robertus Wycliff, ob. ia2j (Hunter 
MSS.).3 



' What is ^id in the Mickleton MSS. shows him to have been Master as 
earlv as 1350. He is mentioned hy name as Master in a document of 1351 
(See' Appendix A, VIII). He was Bishop Hatfield's Spiritual Chancellor in 
1351 (">(y. Hal/.," fo. 2 V. ! also fo. 3, (o. 3 v.). In 1353 he was Reclor of 
Brancepeth (" Reg. Half.,- fo. 13). 

■ This name occurs in none of the lisU of Masters. But we Rnd in 
Bishop Hatfield's Register, a.d, 136?, mention of the induction as Master of 
"dominus Ricardus RoV " (ffottr or Sutler?) C Reg: Hatf. ." fo. 57). 

^ It is curious that this notable personage shoidd have been omitted 
from theTist of Masters in the Mickleton MSS. The following notices of him, 
before and during his incumbency, are from notes on the Masters of 
Kepyer left by the late Rev. Francis Thompson :— 

" In r39g the Archdeacon of Durham issued a mandate (in the absence 
jf Bishop Skirlawe) lo the Prior of Durham and others (of whom Robert 
Wycliffe was one) for a general array of the county, which seems to have 
taken place on the Z4lh of March, 1400, on Gilesgatemoor. At this time 
Wycliffe was constable of Durham" (See " Tres ScTipiores/' clxxxiji, dxxxv)! 



APPENDIX D. 



257 



Bishops. 



JThoa 
\Rob» 



Langley] 
Nevill]. 



King^s 



H. 6. 



RiCARDUS BuKLEY,^ Clericus, nuper 
Parsona ecclesiae Bead Nicholai in 
Dunelm. Magister hospitalis praedicti. 
Qui Ricardus etiam Receptor Generalis 
Episcopi D. Vide Commissionem 
Thomae [Langley 26] Episcopi D. ad 
visitandum Hospitale de Kepyer, Dat. 
17 Julii Ao 1437, Ao 31 consecracionis 
suae, directam Johanni Bonour Decre- 
torum Doctori Cancellario Episcopi, 
Johanni Lythom utriusque juris Bac- 

In a note, p. 66, on the ** Durham Wills " of the Surtees Society, it is said 
that this Robert WycIiflFe was of the family of Wycliife of WycliflFe, and a near 
relation, probably a nephew, of Wycliffe *he reformer. Rector of WyclifFe, 
1362, res. 1363. Rector of Hutton Rudby in Cleveland from 1377 to 
his death. Rector of Kirby Ravensworth in 1379, res. 1382. Rector 
of St. Crux in York, res. 1391. Appointed by the King as g^uardian 
of the heir of Lord Fitz-Hugh, res. 1391. Master of Kepyer before 
1405. Temporal Chancellor and Receiver General of the Bishopric, and 
Constable of Durham Castle from 1390 to 1405. One of the executors of 
Bishop Skirlawe. One of the executors of Sir Philip D'Arcy in 1399. One 
of the executors of Margery, widow of William de Aldeburgh, once wife of 
Peter de Mauley, 1391. His armorial bearings {arg-., a chevron sable 
between 3 cross crosslets g-ules) occur in the cloister of Durham begun by 
Bishop Skirlawe. In his will he leaves ** cuilibet capellano et cuilibet fratri 
Hospitalis de Kepier vj^. viijfl?. Item lego cuilibet pauperi scholari sedenti 
ad skepham infra aulam praedicti Hospitali ij^." His will dated at Kepyer 
8th Sept., 1423. It is in the Durham series, and contains the following clause, 
'* corpusque meum sepeliendum ubi contigerit me decedere ab hac vita, vel 
ubi executores mei disposuerint illud sepeliri." His inventory is in the 
York series ( Test. Ebor. I, 403), and contains, ** Item datur Hospitali de Kepier 
ciphus coopertus cum nodo aliquantulum perforato. Item datur j duodena 
cocle^arium Hospitali de Kepier. — L£gata lectorum apyid Kepier \ Datur 
Roberto Toppyng j lectus rubeus cum certis (sertis) intextis ; Datur Willielmo 
Semar j coopertorium rubeuni cum armis Walteri nuper Episcopi. Legata 
lihroriitn ; Datur Hospitali de Kepier liber dictus Catholicon ; Dantur eidem 
Hospitali j liber Evangelii & j Psalterium. Datur Johanni de Midelton " (one 
of the executors) " parvum portiphorium & j missale pro tempore vitae, et post 
vitam ejus redditur ad praedictum Hospitale de Kepier. Item datur Alano 
de Shirborn & Roberto Toppyng j magnum Portiphorium cum claspis 
argenti." In 1398 a hundred shillings were lent to the Priory of Finchale 
by Robert Wycliff. An indulgence was granted by Bishop Langley, 
5th April, 1414, for the repair of the Church of St. Giles. 

No record of this alleged indulgence has been discovered by the present 
editor. 

* He appears to have succeeded Wycliff in 1423, having been also 
Rector of St. Nicholas in Durham. So in Mickleton MSS., and so described 
in Bishop Langley's Will, dated 1436, proved 1439. In 1435 Bishop Langley 
gave licence to him and others to form the Guild of Corpus Christi in the 
Church of St. Nicholas. It was not, it may be remembered, till 1443 that 
the Rectory was appropriated by Bishop Nevill to the Hospital (Appendix 
A, p. 208). It will be seen in Appendix A, XIV, how in 1437 Bishop 
Langley v' sited the Hospital by commission ; how in the same year, after 
such visitation, he acquitted Bukley of maladministration, and confirmed 
him in his office ; how in 1439 Bishop Nevill did the same, but afterwards 
in the same year accepted his resignation on the ground of age and 
infirmity, assigning him a pension of 40 marks a year. 

17 



258 



APPENDIX D. 



Tho. [Langley]. 



H. 6. 



Rob. [NeviU]. 



H. 6. 



calaureo sequestrator! Episcopi in 
Archidiaconatu D., Domino Nicho. 
Hulme canonico ecclesiae prebendalis 
de Derlington, & Willelmo Raket 
clerico Cancellario episcopi. Reg. T. 
Langley, fo. 248 a v. 

Et commissio custodiae Hospitalis 
praedicti concessa pro vita 29 Aug. 
Ao 1437. lb. fo. 249 b. 

Johannes Lound^ Clericus in utroque 
jure Bacc, Magister sive Custos 
Hospitalis praedicti. Constitutus 16 
Oct. Ao 2 Pontificatus Roberti [Nevill] 
Episcopi D. Anno 17 H. 6., 3 Reg., 
fo. 208, 9, 41 i, 68 ; 4 Reg., fo. 86, 4 
Cart., fo. 191. Et vide Rotl. CI. A^ 
14 Pontificatus ejusdem Roberti epis- 
copi M in dorso. Et pensio 40 
Marcarum concessa praedicto Ricardo 
Bukley pro vita per dictum Robertum 
episcopum Dunelm. A^ 2 Pont, sui 
A° 1439, 3 Reg., fo. 242a- Qui 
Johannes Lound Canonicus & Fre- 
bendarius de Hovedon in Ecclesia 
Collegiata de Hovedon fuit A^ 1448, 
4 Reg. , fo. 63 b. 

N.B. — quod praefato Hospitali ap- 
propriata annexata et unita fuit Ecclesia 
S^> Nicholai Dun. per praedictum 

In the will of Sir John Liimley, Knight, we find, " Item lego Ricardo 
Bukley Clerico unum ciphum deauratum et x marcas argenti . . . 
Hujus autem testamenti mei facio ordino et constituo praedictum Ricardum 
de Bukley . . . executores meos " (** Durham Wills," Surtees Society, 
i, 62). In Bishop Langley 's will, *' Item . . . et domino Ricardo Bukley 
decern libras . . . executores ordino . . . et dominum Ricardum 
Buckley rectorem ecclesiae parochialis Sancti Nicholai civitatis Dunelm. 
, . . "(" TV^^^tn^/or^," Appendix ccxliv, ccxlvii). kxnow^ \\\^Soluciones 
debiiorum of Finchale there are, ** 1423-4. Item domino Ricardo Buckley 
magistro de Kypiyerxx5." ("Priory of Finchale," Surtees Society, clxxxvii). 
Also, ** 1446-7. Debita . . . Item executoribus Ricardi Bukley vj/. 
xiij.y. iiij^. (Ibid., ccxlix). Also " 1447-8. Debetur . . . Executoribus 
Ricardi Bukley Ixvj^. \'\\]d. {Ibid., clii). 

* For his appointment see Appendix A, XVIII. In addition to what 
appears in the Mickleton MSS.,-the Rev. F. Thompson, in his notes on the 
Masters, has left the following notices of him : — ** 8 June, 1455, he occurs as 
Master witness to the payment of ;£69 os. 2od. offerings under an indulgence 
granted by Pope Nicholas V. In 1457 he was appointed one of the 
supervisors of Bishop Nevitl's will, which was never proved. In 1446 he was 
witness to the instrument of election of Prior William Ebchester." 



Bishops. 



Kings 



APPENDIX D. 

Robertum episcopum 5 Junii 1443, 
3 Reg., fo. 291 b. 

Praefatus Johannes Lound fuit etiam 
temporalis cancellarius episcopi D. 
per patentes. Regis E. 4, 

Ac etiam tempore Laurentii [Booth] 
episcopi D., ac ejusdem episcopi unus 
Justiciarius. Ac Aldermannus Gildae 
Corporis Christi in ecclesia beati 
Nicholai D. tempore Roberti Nevill 
episcopi. 

Vide exemplificationem omnium ve- 
terum cartarum concernentium Hos- 
pitale praedict. per praedictum Rob. 
[Nevill] episcopum dat. 8 April A^ 
Pont, ejus 70. Vide Rotulos clausos 
ejusdem episcopi + 31, et Rot. Claus. 
ejusdem M in dorso, No. 69, eorundem. 

Henricus Gillowe^ {Hunter MSS,). 



Bishops. 



Rob. [Nevill]. 



Kings 



H. 6. 



' Not mentioned in the Mickleton MSS., but placed in the Hunter MSS. 
and by Hutchinson and Surtees between Lounde and Booth. Surtees says 
that he resigned the Mastership in 1479, without giving his reason for saying 
so. Certainly in that year Ralph Booth, and not he, was Master, as will 
appear below. The late Rev. F, Thompson, in his notes above referred 
to on the Masters of Kepyer, doubts his having been Master at all, giving 
as a reason that Lounde was living and Chancellor in 1464, and that Bishop 
Laurence Booth (consecrated in 1457 and translated to York in 1476) seems 
to have given everything he could to his relative Ralph Booth, and was 
likely to have given him the Hospital. This, however, is but a weak 
argument : and Henry Gillow, who had followed the bishop out of Lan- 
cashire, seems to have been no less a recipient of his favours. He held 
the following preferments. He was (according to Surtees) Temporal 
Chancellor to Bishop Booth. Between 1470 and his death he was Rector 
of Houghton-le-Spring. On July 24th, 1476, he was installed prebendary 
of Tockerington at York on the presentation of the Archbishop Laurence 
Booth {Reg. Capit, Ebor.). He exchanged this for Fridaythorpe, to which 
he was collated on June nth, 1479 {Reg, Laur. Booth, 7 a h\ On March 
5th, 1477-8, he was installed Sub-dean of York {Regs, Capit, et Laur, 
Booth, 5 a, &c.). This he held till his death, together with the Rectory of 
Gilling, in which he was installed July i8th, 1480 {Reg, sede va^ante, 495 a). 
See Canon Raine's note on p. 281 of " Testamenta Eboracensia," Surtees 
Society, vol. xlv. In 1467-8, and in 1468-9, the house of Finchale paid him 
rent for certain lands at Cohen (near Finchale across the river) : for we find 
in the Compotus domtnt Will. Byrden Prioris de Fyncally in those years, 
*' Et solvit magistro Henrico Gillowe pro terris in Coken quondam Willielmi 
Redforth xxxiijf. iiijc?." ("Finchale Priory," Surtees Society, pp. cccvi, cccx). 
Further, in 1475 he had a suit with the house of Finchale in the Consistory 
Court of Durham with respect to rights in coal mines ** at Fynchale and 
Raynton." In letters relating to this dispute he is designated " Mr. Henry 
Gillowe parson of Hoghton," but not as Master of Kepyer (Ibid,, pp. 37, 38, 
39). In his will (dated Feb. 8th, 1482-3, and proved April 29th, 1483), in which 
he describes himself as Sub-dean of York, prebendary of Fridaithorp, and 



26o 



APPENDIX D. 



Kings 
£. 4. 

R. 3. 

H. 7. 



Bishops. 

Radulfus Booths Clericus, Magisterl/W- [£"diey]. 
sive Custos Hospitalis praedicti ac^J^'l^^'^'^^^'^J 
Archidiaconus Ebor. Vide Ro. 
W.D.B. in dorso. Qui etiam tem- 
poralis Cancellarius Episcopi D. A^ 10 
H. 7, Et tempore Johannis [Sherwood] 
Episcopi. 

Indentura Dimissionis facta 120 Nov. 
Ao 1479 per istum Radulfum Both 
Clericum Magistrum Hospitalis de 
Kepyer et Confratres ejusdem Hos- 
pitalis Richardo Both Armigero De 
toto dominio suo de veteri Dunelm., 
aldurham, pro 99 Annis sub redd. 
10/. Vide exemplificationem hujus 
Indenturae in Rotulis clausis Episcopi 
Sherwood B., No. 7. 

Johannes Langhorne Chapellanus 
seneschallus sub praedicto Radulfo 



rector of Gilling and of Hog-hton, he directs himself to be buried at 
Houghton near his mother ; provides for the erection of a chapel over his 
body, and the foundation of a chantry in honour of the Blessed Virgin and 
St. Katherine with an endowment of 8 marks a year ; leaves two silver 
thuribles and two silver candlesticks to the Church of Houg^hton, and several 
other legacies (" York Wills," Surtees Society, iii, 281). 

* Master certainly in 1479, on the 12th of November in which year he 
leased Old Durham (which then belonged to Kepyer as g'lebe of the 
impropriated Rectory of St. Nicholas) to his relative Richard Booth for 
99 years at a rent of ;{|io. He was himself a relative of Bishop Laurence 
Booth, who was translated to York in 1476, and by whom he was made 
Archdeacon of York in 1477. He was afterwards, as is said in the Mickleton 
MSS., Temporal Chancellor to Bishop Sherwood and also to Bishop Fox. 
Hutchinson, in his list of Archdeacons of Durham, says that he was a 
prebendary of Norton, and occurs as Archdeacon in 1463. He was 
certainly Archdeacon of Durham in 1494, being so described in a 
commission to him and Prior Auckland for declaring the articles of the 
greater excommunication {** Tres Scnptores," ccclxxx). Also in 1496, as 
appears from an Appendix to **Tres Scriptores" to the following effect: — That 
on the 5th February in that year Thomas S wall well, B.D., monk of Durham, 
offered at the shrine of St. Cuthbert, according to custom, the silver seals of 
the late Bishop Sherwood (who had died at Rome, July 12th, 1494) in the name 
and at the request of Ralph Booth, Archdeacon of Durham, who had been 
Chancellor of Bishop Sherwood during his life, and who was then on his 
deathbed at Kepeyre, Booth having further requested that at the time of 
the offering '*quinque Pater noster cum salutatione Angelica" might be 
offered for the bishop and himself (** Tres ScripforeSy" ccclxxxvii). It is stated 
in the notices left by the Rev. Francis Thompson that in 1494 the bishop of 
Bath (Richard Fox, translated to Durham in that year) sent through him a 
licence for the election of a new Prior of Durham, that in 1495 Richard 
Booth and Ralph Booth were both witnesses to persons taking sanctuary 
in the church of Durham, and that Ralph Booth was named in a commission 
to pay Bishop Sherwood's debts out of the bishopric, sede vacante. 



APPENDIX D. 



261 



Bishops. 



Tho. [Rowthall]. 



King's 



H. 8. 



Bothe Hospitii praedicti A^ 1494. 
Vide Rot, 

Vide Indenturam pro Hosp. de 
Keepyere. In Rotulis clausis Tho^^ 
[Rowthall] episcopi. 

Thomas Colston, 1497.^ {Hunter MS S.) 

Roger Laybom.^ 

Thomas Wytton.s {Hunter MSS.) 

John Boerius.^ {Hunter MSS.) 

WiLLELMUS Frankleyn Clericus L.L. 
Baccalaureus, Magister. Vide de eo 
Rotulos clauses. Tho^e No. 56. 

Iste Willelmus Magister Hospitalis 
de Keepyere, Et ejusdem loci confratres 
per Indenturam dat. 7 April A^ 10 
H. 8 dimiserunt Willelmo Hill et 
Elianorae Tempest Viduae Manerium 



* Appointed by Bishop Fox in 1497. See Appendix A, XX. Omitted in 
Micklelon MSS., but inserted in Hunter MSS. Surtees says of him, 
"per m. Booth. Nephew to Bishop Fox ; Archdeacon of Durham." 

' Omitted in both Mickleton and Hunter MSS. Surtees includes him 
in his list as follows : — ** 1501. Roger Layborn, Rector of Stanhope and 
afterwards of SedgeBeld. Archdeacon of Durham. Master of Pembroke 
Hall, Cambridge. Consecrated Bishop of Carlisle, 1503. Ob. 1509." 

3 "Thomas Wytton is mentioned as Master in a book of copied wills 
and instruments which I found J. Raine, jun., making extracts from in the 
D. and C. Library, Aug. 27, 1850" (Notices of Masters of Kepyer lejt by 
the late Rev, Francis Thompson). 

* He was a Genoese clerk, Archdeacon of Durham from 1504 to 1515. 
In the list of Archdeacons given in Sanderson's " Antiquities of the Abbey 
of Durham" he occurs thus: — "Jo. Boerius Clericus Genuehsis, who 
resigned in 1515." In a MS. list, written by Randall, in the Thorp 
Collection, vol. 49, p. 85, he is thus described : — "John Boerius, a Genoese 
clerk, intruded by the Pope . . . 1504. He res. . . . 1515, 
reserving to himself a pension of £50 p. a. during life." 

One John Baptista Boerius, a Genoese, was eminent as a physician to 
Henry VII and Henry VIII for many years. There is frequent mention of 
him in " Domestic Letters and Papers of Henry VIII " {Rolls Series), 
Erasmus, as there appears, was well acquainted with him and corresponded 
with him during his stay in England (15 10 to 1514)* and at one time had a 
young son of his under his care as a pupil. There is a letter (No. 635) dated 
Rome, 28th June, 1515, from Julius Cardinal de Medicis to Wolsey, in which 
he promises to promote the cause of " John Baptista, the physician," and 
another (No. 634) of the same date from the same Julius to Henry VIII, 
adverting to one received from the King commending Bernard Boerius, son 
of John Baptista. It thus appears that solicitation had been made at 
Rome from high quarters in favour of the family of Boerius, so as to account 
sufficiently for the intrusion, as alleg-ed, of some member of it into the 
Archdeaconry of Durham by the Pope ; and it mav have been under like 
influence that the same John Boerius got also the Mastership of Kepyer. 



262 



APPENDIX D. 



sive Grangiam vocat. est Grainge de 
Keipyere cum omnibus terris, &c., 
pro vitis Reddend. eisdem Magistro 
& confratribus & successoribus suis 
20 marcas. Vide Rotulos clauses 
Thae [Rowthall] episcopi A. No. 83. 
Fuit iste Willelmus temporalis Can- 
cellarius Dunelm. Episcopo Routhall 
praedicto A^ 1513, &c. Ac etiam 
Cardinali Wolsey episcopo D. A^ 
1523-4, &c. Vide . . Fuit etiam 
Archidiaconus D. Ao 1531. 

Fuit iste Willelmus ultimus Magister 
praefati Hospitalis quando dissolutum 
fuit Ao 1536, 27 H. 8, seu 1540, 31 H. 
8, tempore Cuthberti Tunstall. Fuit 
ille Decanus de Windsore. Vide Rot. 
W» James i, No. i. 

Datum I tempore H. 8 R. fuit isti 
Willelmo pro recuperatione castri de 
Norham e Scotorum manibus ejus 
potestate et astutia [his powers and 
policies]. Vide M.S.T., fo. 56. 



Tho. [Rowthall]. 
Tho. [Wolsey]. 



II.— INCUMBENTS OF ST. GILES. 

The following list down to a.d. 1828, with the ex- 
ception of the names printed in italics, is as given by 
Hutchinson and Surtees, the differences between them 
being noted. Unfortunately neither of them gives his 
authority. What has been ascertained from other sources 
will be found in the notes. The additional notices in the 
text enclosed by square brackets with F.T. after them are 
from a list left among the papers of the late Rev. Francis 
Thompson, Incumbent of St. Giles, who was a careful and 
competent investigator of the antiquities of his parish. 



Before the dissolution of religious houses the Master 
and brethren of Kepyer Hospital, being an ecclesiastical 
corporation, would no doubt serve the cure themselves, 
perhaps appointing usually one of their own body as 
parochial chaplain. Hutchinson and Surtees mention the 

' Hospitale may be probably understood, the Mastership of the Hospital 
having been g-iven him in reward of the services descrilied. It would be 
during the Episcopate of Bishop Fox. 



APPENDIX D. 263 

following three during this period as supposed to have held 
this office, of whom, however, one only is authenticated, 
as will be shown in the notes. 

Meldredus,^ 1131- 

DoM. Thomas White, ^ 1 
DoM. W. deEden, r^oi. 



After the surrender of the Hospital, there being no 
separate endowment for a vicar, the lay impropriator would 
be responsible for the cure. At first it is probable that the 
priest of the guild in the church, Richard Middleton, 
fulfilled the duties. See ** Introduction " under ** Parish 
Church and Living.'* After him (according to Hutchinson 
and Surtees) : — 

John Kirman, occ. 6 July, 1559. 
DoM. Geo. Cooke, occ. 10 July, 1564. 
DoM. Oliver EsHE,3ot:t:. 16 Oct., 1565. 

* The only supposed evidence seems to be that a Charter of Agreement 
between Rad. de Nevill and the Convent- for Staindrop (Cartuar, Ily 
fo. 1866) is witnessed by ** Meldredo p'sbit'o de S'c'o Egidio " among 
others. See Surtees* " History of Durham," vol. iv, pt. i, p. 149. But 
there seems to be nothing to connect him of necessity with the church of 
St. Giles which was attached to Kepyer. 

* His name occurs as parochial chaplain of the Church of St. Giles in a 
Visitation of the city and diocese of Durham, A.D. 1501, by Thomas Savage, 
Archbishop of York, during the vacancy of the see after the translation of 
Bishop Fox to Winchester, thus : — ** Ecclesia Sancti Egidii Dunelm. 

appropriata Hospitali de Kepyer Dominus Thomas White 

capellanus parochialis, D. Willielmus Eden, praestiterunt," &c. See Surtees 
Society's Publications, vol. xxii, p. xiii). It does not thus appear that 
Sir William Eden was also a parochial chaplain, though assumed by 
Hutchinson and Surtees to have been so. 

3 This Oliver Eshe (or Ashe) was proceeded against after the 
" Rebellion of the Earls" in 1569 for compliance with it. See ** Depositions 
and Ecclesiastical Proceedings" (Surtees Society's Publications, 1845, P* 
137). He then confessed to having been in the Cathedral on some Sunday or 
Holiday in December, to having spoken to ** Mr. Hoomes about sainge 
of service in the churche of St. Giells, who answered hym, that, for 
so moch as this examinate had bein a religious man, he coulde not absolve 
hym, sainge that he, this deponent, was excommunicat, and so shulde 
be for hym, the said Holmes, unto he h«id further auctoritie. And, at this 
examinate comming to the said Cathedral Church, the said Holmes was at 
the hynder end of his sermond, but he could not well hear or understande 
hym ; and, after that, the said Holmes went to masse, and when the 
sacringe bell range this examinate loked towerd the priest, but he could 
not decern the elevacion ; whereupon he loked up to Mr. Bromley " 
(John Brymley, the organist), ** then in the loft over the queir door, and 
smiled at hym." Further he confessed that last Easter he had '* ministred 
the bread and wyn to dyvers his parishioners, in their mowthes, and not in 
their hands, bycause they wold not take yl into their hands" (''Book of 
Depositions," 1565-73). 



264 APPENDIX D. 

[Oliver Eshe was curate of St. Helen's Auckland in 
1553 and to 1561.— F.T.] 

Christopher Greene, ^ d. 1574. 

Robert PrenticEj^ occ. 22 Jul., 1578. 

[Rob^ Prentisse was Curate of Whitworth in 1583, and 
Rector of Dinsdale in 1588-98. — F.T.] 

Jacob Hobson, cur., occ. 23 Jul., 1578. 

[Jacob Hobson was Curate of Hamsterley in 1578-80. — 
F.T.] 

James Pinckney, cur., occ. 20 June, 1583. 

William Morrow,3 4 Feb., 1584. 

John Watson,4 occ. in Par. Reg., 1604 ^.nd 1621. 



It appears from the above that Oliver Eshe had been a " reiig-ious 
man," z.^., belonging' to some religious order, before the Dissolution. He is 
described as being forty-one years of age at the time of his examination. 
Probably he clung in his heart all along to the old order of things, as his 
parishioners of St. Giles seem also to have done. For the Churchwardens 
of the parish, with other parishioners, were accused also and confessed to 
the charge of having set up altars in the Church, and that they ** did bume 
teare and utterly destroy the Holy Bible, the Apology, Homilees, Booke of 
Praier, &c., in despite of God, the Quene Majestie' lawes, and damnation 
of their own soules." Robert Corneforth of Gilligait, tanner, aged 46, 
also deposed that *' he had heard it reported that Sir Oliver maid 
holly water and holly bread, but whether he had Latten service he cannot 
depose" (Ibid.), 

* Christopher Greene appears at Visitations in the years 1577, 1578, 1579, 
as curate of St. Nicholas and of St. Mary Magdalen Chapel in Gilligate, but 
not as curate of St. Giles. In 1577, and at a visitation of the Dean and 
Chapter by Bishop Barnes in 1580, he is further described as under-master 
(subpedagogus) of the Cathedral Grammar School (See ** Ecclesiastical 
Proceedings of Bishop Barnes," Surtees Society's Publications, vol. xxii, 
pp. 46, 47, 73, 96, 103). 

' Alias Prentize or Prentisse. For some account of him see ** Parish 
Registers," p. 123, n. i. He appears at Visitations as Curate of St. Giles 
in 1577, 1578, and- 1579. On the first of these occasions there is appended 
to his name *' No Licence." At Bishop Barnes' Visitation of the Dean and 
Chapter in 1580 he appears as seventh Minor Canon (Surtees Society's 
Publications, vol. xxii, pp. 46, 73, 96, 103). 

3 Alias Murrey or Murray. For an account of him see ** Grassmen's 
Accounts," p. 15, note 4. It may be further noted here that his uncle, 
Robert Murrey, Vicar of Pittington, whom he succeeded in that living, left 
him in his will (dated 6th November, 1593) all his books except his Geneva 
Bible and ** Chemmius de Examinatione Tridentini Concilii." The latter he 
had bequeathed to the Cathedral Library. The Bible was probably 
reserved for his widow, Agnes Murrey, to whom he left his residue. 
(See Surtees' ** History of Durham," vol. i, p. 117). If the dates of his birth 
and burial are given correctly in the Mickleton MSS. (quoted in the note 
above referred to), he would be 103 years old when he died. 

* Known as Sir John Lack-Latin. For notice of him see ** Grassmen's 
Accounts," p. 19, note 2, and " Parish Registers," p. 123. His son Robert 
was christened in December, 1621, and his daughter Elizabeth buried, 
having died of the plague, in September, 1604. See '* Parish Registers, 
pp. 126, 133. 



APPENDIX D. 265 

Elias Smith, I 18 Apr., 1632. 

[EHas Smith, A.M., Minor Canon of the Cathedral ; 
Preacher of the Word of God ; Vicar of Bedlington, 4 
Sept., 1643; ob. 1676 ; Master of the Grammar School. 
He was librarian to the Dean and Chapter. — F.T.] 

Henry Smith, 2 A.B., 1665. 

[p. res. of his father Elias Smith. — F.T.] 

William Cams [1678. — F.T.], bur. 2 Sept., 1682. 

Thomas Teasdale. 

Charles MaddisonA 

Richard Beel,5 1682 per m. Cam. {Surtees)^ 1685 

{Hutchinson). 
Pexall Forster, A.M.^ 

* For notice of this notable person see ** Introduction," p. 3, and 
** Grassmen's Accounts," p. 62, note 2. 

- Henry Smith was the only son of the above Elias Smith. Cf, 
Mickleton MSS., No. 32. ** Henricus Smith cl'icus Min. Can. 25 Martii 
Ao 1673 filius fuit unicus Elie Smith. Fuit Sacrista pro aliquo tempore, et 
Rector eccl. B. Marie in Ball. Australi." He is not there spoken of as 
having been curate of St. Giles. 

3 Surtees gives his name erroneously as Thomas Cam. He is mentioned 
next after Elias Smith in the Mickleton MSS. , No. 30, p. 72, A Bond preserved 
in the Vestry is attested, nth December, 1678, by '* Wm. Cam, Clerk." In 
the ** Grassmen's Accounts," A.D. 1680 (p. 83), he signs a parochial 
document as ** William Cam, Rector." In the Registers we find ** Richard, 
son of William Cam Rector of this Parish was Baptiz'd the i8th of March 
in the yeare of our Lord God 1680-1 " (p. 148). His burial, 26th September, 
1682, is also recorded in the Register (p. 146), where he is described as 
** Mr. Cam, Rector of Gyllegate." Maria, widow of Wm. Cam, Clerk, took 
a house of the Lord of the Manor, 26th April, 1683 (Papers left by Rev, 
Francis Thompson), Why he was designated Rector has not been made 
apparent. See " Introduction," under ** Parish Church and Living." 

^ These two names (not included in the lists of Hutchinson and Surtees) 
are given in the Mickleton MSS. as succeeding Cam thus : — '* Thomas 
Teasdale Clericus A.M. Qui etiam unus Min. Can. Cath. Eccl. D." 

**Carolus Maddison, Clericus A.M. Qui ab ista ecclesia tvit ad ecclesiam 
de Chester in le Street." 

^ Surtees has got his date of 1682 from that of the death of Cam, on the 
supposition that Beel [or Bell) had succeeded him ; but erroneously, if 
Teasdale and Maddison intervened. Beel is not mentioned as Curate of 
St. Giles in the Mickleton MSS., but otherwise referred to thus : — ** Ric'us 
Bell Clericus, Min. Can. 1682 filius fuit Ric'di Bell de Shinkliff prope 
D. textoris. Ob. Londini." But that he was minister of St. Giles is proved 
by the following entry in the Parish Register : — *' Mr. Richard Bell 
minister of St. Gyles was buried at London May ye 12, 1685." 

^ ** Pexallus Forster A.M. Min. Can. 1686. Qui etiam minister 
S. Egidii, ac postea Vicarius S. Oswaldi post deprivationem Johannis 
Cock " (Mickleton MSS.). The deprivation of John Cock was in 1690. 
It thus appears that Pexall Forster, having succeeded Beel, who died in 
1685, was, on his transference to St. Oswald's, succeeded by Dunn (or Done), 
whose entry in 1691 is recorded in the Register, as will be seen below. 
Hutchinson, though he pmits Pexall Forster, has given ^he date of Dunn's 
entry correctly. Surtees, supposing the latter to have succeeded Beel, has 
altered it erroneously to 1685. 



266 APPENDIX D. 

William Dunn,' 1685 p. mortem Beel (Surtees), 1691 
(Hutchinson). 

John Perkin,« A.B., occ. 1706 and 1708- 

[Curate of St. Nicholas, Vicar of Sockburn, 1722. — F.T.] 

Henry Porter, M.A, 

[Curate and Lecturer of St. Nicholas, 1710 ; Vicar of 
Coniscliffe, 1718. — F.T.] 

William Forster,3 A.M., 24 June, 1723. 

[Curate of St. Margaret's, Crossgate, from 27 Oct., 17 19, 
to 1722 ; Vicar of Aycliffe and Curate of St. Giles, 
1723 to 1725, both which he resigned for St. Oswald's, 
where he died, 1765. — F.T.] 

Robert Pigot, A.M., 1725, per res. Forster. 

[Pigot was Rud's successor as Librarian to the Dean 
and Chapter, 1725. — F.T.] 

Chilton Wilson, A.M., 1739, p. res. Pigot. 

[Vicar of Heighington, 1727, where he died, 1749 ; 
Curate of St. Giles, 1730 (from 1726 to 1745). Res. 
— F.T.] 

' Alias Done ; his name is spelt both ways in the Parish Reg'ister, in 
which are the following, among* other notices of him : — ** Michaelmas 1691, 
Mr. William Dunn, Minister of this parish " (p. 146). 

** Memorandum that Mr. Wm. Done {Ihe name altered to Dunn), Curate 
of St. Gyles, entered at Michaelmass 1691. 

wXr HafrT' } Churchwardens " (p. .56). 

** Mr. Wm. Done, Minister of St. Gyles, and Mrs. Elizabeth Da vies of 
West Chester were married July ye seventeenth Anno D'ni 1692 " 
(p. 142). 

** Burials in the year 1693, Wm. Done Curate." 

** Baptismata in Anno 1693, GuHelmo Dunneo S'ti ^gidii Curato." So 
also (or ** Gulielmo Done ") A.D. 1694 and A.D. 1695. A Memorandum, 
Easter, 1696, is signed Wm. Dunn, ** Wm. Done Curate " being found in 
the following paragraph (p. 154). 

" 1704. Frances ye daughter of Wm. Dunn Minister of this Parish 
was buryed on good friday ye 14th day of April. She was his second of 
that name " (p. 159). 

A Memorandum dated April 2nd, 1705, is signed, ** Test. Wm. Dunn 
Curate" (p. 156). Finally, ** William Done, Curate of this Parish, was 
Buried Octobr 20th 1706 " (p. 160). 

^ His name occurs in the Parish Register as Minister of St. Giles in 
1709 : — '* Mem. that Walter Haire was discharged from officiating as 
parish dark on Candlemas day 1709, & Richard Martin had orders to 
officiate from John Perkin, Minister of St. Gyles Durham" (p. 155). 

3 In Vol. iv of the Registers (1695 — 1749) there is — ''Memorandum 
That I find there has been a scandalous neglect of registring Births, 
Burials & Marriages from the year 171 1 to midsummer 1723, when the 
Curacy of St. Giles was entered upon by me, W. Forster." 



APPENDIX D. 267 

Robert Davison, ^ A.M. (1749, see note). 

[Curate of Croxdale, 19 Oct., 1742, Occ. Cur. of St. 
Giles, 1754.— F.T.] 

Ralph Gelson,^ A.B., 18 Feb., 1768, Bp. by lapse. 

[Collated to St. Giles by Bp. Trevor by lapse ; Vicar of 
Merrington, 1760; died there, 1775. — F.T.] 

John Robson,^ A.M., 22 Oct., 1768. Randall MSS. 
{Hutchinson). 

The same, Line. Coll., Oxon., 1775 ; p. m. Gelson (Surtees). 

[Presented by John Tempest, Esq. ; Vicar of Sockburn, 
1759 ; Curate of St. Nicholas, 1783 ; died 1802. — F.T.] 

Joseph Watkins,3 M.A., 1802, p. m. Robson. 

St. John's Coll., Camb., Sept. 25, 1802 (Surtees). 

[Presented by Sir A. V. Tempest, Bart. ; successively 
Vicar of Merrington (?) and Norham ; died 1828. — F.T.] 



Here end the lists given by Hutchinson and Surtees. 
What follows, down to his own date, is from the list left by 
the Rev. Francis Thompson. 



W. R. Wyatt,4 M.A., 1828. 

Minor Canon of St. Asaph in 1836, and Perpetual Curate 
of Dyserth, Flints. 



* On the back of the cover of the Volume of Registers for 1749 — 1789, 
is written : — " Robert Davison was nominated 8th Dec, 1749." 

- Here, as in some previous instances, Surtees has corrected Hutchinson's 
date erroneously. The correctness of the date of Robson's accession as 
given by Hutchinson is proved by a note on the cover of the Parish 
Register for 1749 to 1789, viz. : — *' John Robson, nominated 13th October, 
licensed 22nd, 1768." He appears to have had charge of the parish before 
his incumbency, the Registers being signed by him in 1760, and afterwards 
till 1789. Davison, who had become incumbent in 1749, probably retained 
Croxdale, and was non-resident at St. Giles. 

3 The date of his accession, as correctly given by Surtees, appears on 
the cover of the Register for 1749 to 1789, viz.: — "Joseph Watkins, nominated 
2 1 St Sept., licensed 2Sth Sept., 1802." *' Parson Blackett," mentioned in the 
" Preface to Grassmen's Accounts " p. 3, as being remembered to have read 
prayers on ** Whinny Hill " on Bounder Day, seems to have had charge of 
the parish during part of this incumbency, Watkins, who held other 
preferment, being probably non-resident. Blackett signs the registers in 
1813. From 1820 to 1831, John Owen, Sub-Curate, signs every entry. 

* In the Register Wyatt (28 Dec, 1830) signs the appointment of 
Thomas Tilly as parish clerk in succession to Richard Tilly, whose 
appointment by John Robson in 180 1 to succeed John Tilly is also recorded. 
Successive generations of the Tilly family thus appear to have been parish 
clerks. 



268 appendix d. 

James Carr.^ 

Perpetual Curate of South Shields in 1831. 
Samuel A. Fyler, M.A., 1831. 

Perpetual Curate of Cornhill in 1834. 
The Hon. and Rev. Robert Liddell, M.A.^ 

Vicar of Barking in Essex, 1836. 

Charles Balston,3 M.A., Fellow of Corpus Christi Coll., 
Oxford. 

Licence of non-residence dated 26 July, 1836. 
William Cassidi, B.A., Trin. Coll., Dublin, Oct., 1837.4 
Vicar of Grindon, 5 April, 1841. 

Francis Thompson, M.A., Univ. Coll., Durham, 1841. 

John George Norton, M.A., D.D., Trin. Coll., Dublin, 
1872; Rector of Christ Church Cathedral, Montreal, 1884; 
Canon of Montreal, 1893. 

Robert John Pearce, M.A., D.C.L., late Fellow of Caius 
Coll., Cambridge, 1884 ; Professor of Mathematics in the 
University of Durham ; Vicar of Bedlington, 1895. 

PoNsoNBY Augustus Moore Sullivan, M.A., Keble 
Coll., Oxford, 1 89 1. 



' He signs the Register as ** J. Carr, Curate," May 15th, 1831. But in 
the same year, Dec. 28th, he signs the baptism of his child as ** Perpet. 
Curate of South Shields." 

* He signs entries in the Register as Perpetual Curate from Jan. 25th, 
1835, to May 5th, 1836. He became Incumbent of St. Paul's, Knightsbridge, 
and St. Barnabas, Pimlico, after the resignation of the Rev. W. J. E. Bennett. 

3 His Curate, in charge of the parish, was H. R. Bramwell, who sigiis 
I he Registers to Aug., 1837. 

•» This name (though wrongly spelt ** Cassidy ") and those which follow 
have been supplied by the Deputy Registrar from the Diocesan Registry, 
where no record of any previous incumbents appears to have been preserved. 
Entries in the Parish Register confirm the list. 



DESCRIPTION OF SEALS. 



No. I. In green wax ; seep. 213. Insc. * SIGILLVM : 
SANCTI : EGIDII. 

No. 2. In white wax; see p. 213. Insc, * SIGILLV 
SANCTI EGIDII DVNELMIE. 

No. 3. In white wax, appended to a quitclaim from Peter 
the master and the brethren of Kepier to Will, de 
Wetlawe and his heirs of an annual rent of 3s. 4d., 
etc. Kepier, 3 Non. Jun. 1291. Durham Treasury, 
^ta i^^mae Spccialium, k. I, No. 10. The seal is much 
damaged, especially round the edge ; the hind looking 
up to St. Giles is much better seen on the seal than in 
the plate : the saint is habited as a monk, and holds a 
crosier and a book. The inscription appears to have 

been SIGILLVM SANCTI EGIDII DE KYPIER. On 

the back of the seal is a small secretum consisting of 
an antique gem, the impression of which is now too 
indistinct to be made out or photographed, with the 
words FRANCE LEGE TEGE round the margin. 

No. 4. In green wax, appended to the following docu- 
ment : — 

** Omnibus hoc scriptum visuris uel audituris. Radulfus rector et 
fratres hospitalis domus Sancti Egidii de Kippeyer, aeternam in 
Domino salutem. Nouerit uniuersitas uestra nos concessisse et 
quietum clamasse fratri Radulfo sacristas domus Sancti Cuthberti, et 
omnibus successoribus suis qui pro tempore fuerint, toftum et croftum 
quae habuimus in Landa Dei' cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, in 
perpetuum, in excambium vnius mesuagii quod emit ad opus nostrum 
in balliuo de Dunelmo, scilicet illius quod Astinus Brachur et Annais 
filia Ede Tanai tenuerunt de Willelmo Croere ad feudalem firmam. 
Et, ut haec nostra concessio et quieta clamacio futuris temporibus 
robur optineat, prassens scriptum sig^illi nostri appositione robora- 
uimus. Teste Capitulo Nostro."-- Durham Treasury, 2da 30138 Sacr., 
No. I. 

St. Giles in monastic habit holding a crosier? or 
an arrow? in his left hand, and a book in his 
right ; the hind, as in No. 3, is partly behind him, 
and looking up to him. The inscription is SIGILL[VM 
SAN]CTI EGIDII : DE KIPPEYERE. 



' Now Landieu, in the parish of Wolsing-ham. It is thus mentioned in 
"Le Convenit" {Feodariunty Surtees Society, p. 216), "Locus autem qui 
vocatur Landa Dei, cum omnibus pertinenciis suis, concedimus et connr- 
mamus in perpetuum Sacristariae Dunelmensi, sicut ilhim locum habuit et 
tenuit frater Ranulfus, de dono Hugonis quondam Dunelmensis Episcopi." 
See above, p. 199. 



270 DESCRIPTION OF SEALS. 

No. 5. In black wax ; see p. 220. St. Giles in mass 
vestments, with crosier, book, and the hind. Insc. 

SiGILLVM SANCTI EGIDII DE KiPPIER. 



The Conventual Seal of Durham mentioned on p. 220 is 
that which is figured and described in Raine's St. Cuthbert, 
p. 211, but more accurately figured, together with the 
reverse, in Surtees's History of Durham, Seals, Plate 6 
(i). The seal is circular, and bears a cross a little expanded 
at the ends, with four short points in the angles. The 

inscription is * SIGILLVM CVDBERHTI PRESVLIS SCI. 
About 1200 was added the reverse, consisting of an 
antique gem, with a beautifully cut head of Jupiter 
Tonans, let into a circular plate of metal bearing the legend 
*CAPVT SANCTI OSWALDI REGIS. See above, p. xiii. 

The Seals of the bishops mentioned, pp. 214, 217, and 
222, are engraved in Surtees's Plates of Seals {Hist. Durh., 
vol. i). 



GLOSSARY. 



Assarts (Lat., Assaria, or Assartum)^ forest land recently brought into 

cultivation. 
AVERIDGE, apparently the same as Averagium, carriage, leading. 

Bandelier (or Bandoleer), a small wooden case covered with leather, 
carried by soldiers, containing charges for muskets. 

Bannes, bands, strap-like plates of iron attached to gates for hinges. 
Usually associated with crooks. 

Bisantius (Eng., Bezant, or Besant), a gold coin, said to be from Byzantium ^ 
where a gold piece, hence called Byzantius, was coined under the 
Emperors. The bezant was current in Europe ; in England it was 
superseded by the noble in the time of Edward III. 

BiCK, a wooden bottle or cask for carrying liquor in. "A wooden bottle or 
cask in which beer is carried to the hay field. iVbr/I" — (Halliwell). 

BiGG, Barley, or a kind of barley. 

Boon-days (precarice)^ days on which tenants, under feudal tenure, were 

bound to work for the lord of the manor in reaping his harvest, or 

other services. 

Bounder-day, the day of perambulation of the boundaries of parishes or 

manors in Rogation week. 
BowE (for a bull), perhaps a wooden hoop put over his neck to tie him up 

by. See also Saile, 

Bower, originally a house, or chamber ; later, an Arbour. See also Maiden, 

Branded, Brinded, or Brindled, ** Of a mixed red and brown colour with 
some black hairs among the red and brown" (Cleveland Glossary). 
Cf,, "thrice the brinded cat hath mewed " ('* Macbeth," Act iv, Sc. i). 

Brearding (for bearding) the dyke. ** Beard — a hedge made by setting 
branches of thorns upright in the ground. Making hedges of this 
kind is called bearding " (Peacock's Lincolnshire Glossary). 

Cap, or Capp (for a gate), a piece of wood placed over the top rail or post 
of a gate to protect it. 

Carr, a pool in marshy ground. See p. ii, n. 2. 

Casting of dykes, pools, or trenches. Forming or clearing them by 
throwing out the earth. C/,, ** Thine enemies shall cast a trench 
about thee " (Luke xix, 43). 

(for water at priers stabel, p. T03). Either digging for it, or 

possibly using some means for finding it, as, for instance, by the 
divining rod. 

Causey (Lat., Calcetum, Calcea)^ "a way raised and paved above the rest 
of the ground " (Johnson). Probably derived from late Latin 
Calciare, to tread. 

Caveing ; see p. 116, n. 2. 

Cavell, a lot or share ; see p. 65, n. i. 

Caylies, or Keyles ( = Kyloes), a kind of cattle. 

Challanweaver, a weaver of Shalloon, a kind of woollen stuff. 

Chare, a narrow passage. Cf,, " the Castle Chare," in Durham, and 
*' chares " in other places in the North. 



272 GLOSSARY. 

CoTTRELLS, ''small iron wedges or pins for securing- bolts " (Brockett). 
CUVA ; see p. 196, n. i. 

Dale, a deal board. 

DiGHTiNG (the armour), dressing, furbishing, or repairing. 

Dike (or Dyke), a bank or mound for fencing. Also a ditch. 

DiKER, one who makes dikes. 

Distringas, a writ for distraint. 

Drawing (Straw). See p. 33n. 

(the moor), the same as Driving (?). 

Driving (the moor), driving together the animals upon the moor for any 
purpose. 

Entercommon (Intercommon\ a common right of pasturage. 

Closes (called also Town Closes), enclosed fields, in which there 

was a right of entercommon only during the winter months. See 
p. 40, n. I. 

Breaking, entering on such closes at the prescribed time. See 



p. 83, n. I. 

Farmary, Infirmary. See p. 242. 

Flags, rushes used for thatching. "Sedge, a sort of rush" (Bailey). 
" A water plant with a bladed leaf and yellow flower " (Johnson). 
" Small pieces of coarse grass in meadows " (Halliwell). Cf,, " She 
laid it in the flags by the river's brink " (Exodus ii, 3). 

Forehead (of a gate), a piece of wood used in the construction of a gate. 
Perhaps the same as Head-piece, which see. 

Footing (the stoops), probably in some way strengthening or supporting 
them at the foot. 

Footstone, probably the stone under the hartree of a gate, in which it 

turns. See Harr Tree, 
Fog, the after-math or second growth of grass after mowing. 
Foumart (foul marten), a polecat. 

Gait (or Gate), a run on a common or pasture-field for one head of cattle, 
as ** a cow gait," a ** horse gait.' 

Garling, garland. 

Garnement ; see p. 237, n. 3. 

Gavell, gable. 

Goods (p. io6n.), cattle. 

Gospel Oak ; see p. 3, n. i ; p. 8, n. i. 

Grassmen ; see p. i. 

Grieve, or Greeve ( = Reeve, A.S, gerefa\ the Bailiff of a Manor. 

Grvpp, a ditch. 

GuTT (p. 87), a wide ditch or watercourse. 

Hacqueton ; see p. 55, n. 2. 

Haineing, hedging. 

Hanting (the bull to the common), accustoming him to it ; getting him to 
feed quietly on it. " To hant is to practise or accustom to anything " 
(Jamieson). 

Harness, Armour. 

Har, *' the hole in a stone or the hinge on which a gate turns, the har-tree 
being the head of the gate in which the spindle is fixed " (Halliwell). 
In Mid-Eng., Herre, Cf,, " As a door is turned on his herre, so a 
slow man in his bedde ' (Prov. xxvi, 14, in Wickliffe's Bible). 



GLOSSARY. 273 

Harr Kutt ; see p. 55, n. 2. 

Harr Tree (or Hartre), the upright piece of timber at the back of a grate, on 
which it turns. 

Haybote, an allowance of thorns for the tenants' hedges. (From Hay= 
Hedge). 

Head, or Headpiece, the upright piece of timber in front of a gate, by 
which it is fastened when shut. 

Hearth-money ; see p. 155, n. j. 

Heast, probably in error for Hesp, or Hasp, viz., the loop which passes 
over the staple for fastening a gate. 

Hecke, a manger or rack for cattle. 

Hollow Thursday ; see p. 107. 

HouLEWAY ; see p. 84, n. 3. 

Housebote, an allowance of timber from the lord's woods for support or 
repair of tenants' houses. 

HowsLiNG (for Hotiseling) people, people capable of receiving the Holy 
Communion. 

HuRD, a herdsman. 

Husband, a husbandman. 

HuPE or Houpe (for hoop\ for a gate (p. 91), probably an iron band round 
the top or bottom of a post to keep it from splitting. 

.Intercommon ; see Enfercommon, 
Intol, a toll levied on imports ; see U-toI. 

Jingle Pot ; see p. 117, n. 2. 
Jug ; see p. 79, n. i. 

* 

Kavel ; see CavelU 
Keyles ; see Caylies, 

Lairstall, a grave within a church. 

Lattbrodes, nails for laths. 

Letch, " a small watercourse, ditch, or gutter " (Halliwell). 

Livere ; see p. 237, n. 2. 

Loop (for gate), the hasp that passes over the staple (?). 

LoussE (for the poundfould) ; see p. 77, n. 3. 

Maiden ; see p. x. 

Manghe ( = Meyne ?) ; see p. 44, n. 2. 

Match, **a sort of rope, made on purpose for the firing of guns " (Bailey). 

Mayne (Pain de) ; see p. 237, n. 4. 

Mayte ; see p. 237, n. i. 

Meremium ; see p. 164, n. 2. 

Middin, a dunghill. 

Morion (or Murrion), a sort of steel cap or head-piece (Bailey). 

Mouder ; see p. 61, n. 2. 

Moulding ; see p. 36, n. i. 

MuLTURA, "Quod molitori ex frumento quod molit praestatur" (D'Arnis). 

MuRAGiUM, *'Vectigal ad muros urbium aedificandos aut reparandos " 
(D'Arnis). 

NOVALE, " Ager qui de novo ad cultum redigitur " (D'Arnis). 

OuTMAN, a "foreigner," one not belonging to the borough of Gilligate. 
18 



274 GLOSSARY. 

OuT-TOLL ; see U-tol. 

OvERSTiNT, feedingf animals on the common by people in excess of their 
leg'itimate stints, q,v, 

OXGANG ; see p. 24, n. i. 

Pair, a set of similar things arranged together, two or more. 

Panagium : *' Pannagium (i) Jus pascendi porcos in silva domini. 
(2) Tributum quodvis, praesertim vero quod pro g-Iandatione porcorum 
solvitur " (D'Amis). 

Pant, a conduit for water ; see p. 13, n. 1. 

Pate, a badger. 

Parishinges, Parishioners, those who ** parish " to St. Giles's. ** I reporte 
me to awll the parysshyngby " (MS. Bibl. Episc. Dunelm., v, i, 2, 
in Kalendar). 

PiCKAGiUM : *' Picagium — Tributi species quod ait Spclmannus in nundinis 
penditur ob veniam effodtendi soli, sic ut tabemacula ponantur 
nundinalia stationes et officinae quas stalla vocant " (D'Amis). 

Picke, or Pike (for a gate), possibly the spindle at the bottom of the hartree, 
which turns in the har, 

Pietancia {Pittance)^ the monastic pittance was an extra indulgence in food 
and drink, often provided by the charity of some benefactor, for 
certain occasions. 

POUNDLAWES, or Poundlouse, a payment for releasing (loosing) an animal 
from the pinfold. Cf,, supra Lousse. 

Precaria, Boon-days ; see supra. 

Pulmentum ; see p. 238, n. i. 

PuNDER, one who has charge of a pinfold, whose duty it is to impound stray 
animals. 

Purvey Money ; see p. 51, n. 2. 

Rise (or Ryse), Brushwood. 

ROOGE-MONEY (Rogue-moTtey), a charge on parishes for the maintenance of 
gaols and the like. 

RouNGES (e.g.f ** a burden of rounges for the gate"), apparently sticks 
or rods. 

Sagerston or Seggerston, a sacristan, or sexton. 

Saile ('* to the bull ") ; *' Angl. Sax. Sdli a tie, band, rope, &c. A wooden 
hoop to put round the neck to tie an ox or cow in the stall " (Bos- 
worth, Angl. Sax. Dictionary). N.B.— The occurrence of a ** saile 
and band," p. 75, suggests the second of these two meanings. Cf, 
supra (Bowe). 

Saltpetre-man ; see p. 22, n. 2. 

Scaling, scattering the deposits of cattle or other manure, etc., over land. 
^'g'*t "scaling the moor"; "scaling manure"; "scaling ashes." 
See p. 36, n. I. Cf,, Mouder. 

Seaver or SiEVER {Cf, KooKivoiroiOQy p. 135, n. 4). A sieve-maker. "William 
Siveyer was born at Shinkley in this Bishoprick, where his father was 
a Siveyer or Sive-niaker ; and I commend his humility in retaining his 
Father's Trade for his Surname to mind him of his mean extraction. 
. . . England neither before nor since saw two sive-makers sons 
advanced . . . this William in the Church, Sir Richard Empson 
in the Commonwealth " (Fuller's Worthies, Ed. 1811, I, 332). 

Sheath or Sheth, pp. 91, 114. Not explained. 

Shelme, or Selme ; ** A gate rail, North."' (Halliwell). 

Sherobalaye, Sheriffs bailiff. 



GLOSSARY. 275 

Soldier-money, a charge on parishes for soldiers. (See Surtees Society's 
Publications, vol. Ixxxiv, p. i^n.) 

Spartes ; ** Sparf: the dwarf rush ; North/' (HalHwell). 

Spikings, large nails. 

Stent, or Stint (also stinter, Stinting), See p. i. 

Stie, a stile with steps. N.B. — In the North a ladder is called a stee, 

Stobb (Stoup, Stoop, Stope), a post or stake driven into the ground. 

Strass, Distress ; see p. 63. 

SWALL, p. 12. Not explained. 

Swerd, Sweard, Sword (also Sword-tree)^ a piece of wood used in the 
construction of a gate, placed across it transversely. A word still 
in use. 

Tenter-rent, a payment for bleaching ground. 

Theking (or Thicking)y thatching. 

Thornvnge the wicke, protecting a new quickset hedge with thorns. 

Thrave, twenty-four sheaves, though some counties reckoned only twelve 
sheaves to the thrave. —Jacob, Law Dictionary. 

Tranck (p. 86), not satisfactorily explained. The word is unknown, but 
possibly denotes here an excavated bit of level ground at some point 
in a narrow cart-road on the moor, for the carts to turn in. Cf, 
supra, Casting. 

Troueke (p. 80), not explained. 

U-TOL, a toll levied on exports. Cf. Intol. Intoll and Uttol are mentioned 
in a charter granted by Henry I to the Church of St. Peter, at York. 
Mon, Angl, in Blount's Law Dictionary, 1691, under Toll. 

Vayge ; see p. 66, n. i. 

Vennel, a gutter, or a narrow passage. See p. 84, n. 3. 

Wacheria : ** Vacheria, ut Vaccaria, ' Ager seu praedium vaccarum 
numero alendo proprium. Vaccarium, Stabulum vaccarum" (D'Amis). 

Wafe mear, a stray mare (?). 

Weyscale, a weighing scale. 



INDEX. 



Note. — In this Index an asterisk appended to a number indicates that 
there are two or more references on the same page. A reference to a note 
frequently includes one in the text of the same page. The index does not 
contain every variety in the spelling of names, but only those forms which 
seem most necessary for finding what is required. 



Abbey, commons of, yow. 

Abbey land, fog of, 52. 

Accountant's fee, 91 , 93, etc. 

Acly (Aycliffe), 246, 266. 

Adam canonicus, 213*, 252, 2^2n, ; 

procurator, xx, 204. 
Adam, Will., 144. 
Adamson, Ja., 117. 
Affearers, 7. 
Affidavits of burial in wool, I44»., 

146^. 
Aged persons, how described, I34n. 
Aidan, St., xiv. 

Aimundeston (Amerston), 214, 215. 
Alanus cap., 234. 
Albertus frater, 235. 
Aldeburgh, Will, de, 257/1. 
Alderley, Sym., 174, 176; Widow, 

34- 
Alderson, — , 112; Barb., 149 ; Isab., 

149; Ja., 149. 

Aldewode, Joh., 193. 

Ale, 9 — 122 ; passim, e,g,, 87, 97, 100, 
loi, 106*, 107*, etc. ; for parson 
Martin, 188, 189 ; for preacher, 
189 ; for Scotch person, 190 ; to 
the writer, 60. 

Aleason Lane, 88. 

Allan, Geo., 16*, 17*, 20. 

Allenson, Alleson, AUinson, Allison, 
Abr., 90*, 103, 129, 142, 145, 153*, 
159) 190 » Anth., loi ; Joh., 119, 
145; Marg.,91, 188, 189; Ra., 107, 
III*, 112; Rob., 3, 3«., 7, 7i«.; 
Tho., 73, 76, 83*, 141, 144, 188*; 
Val., 106, 107, 113. 

Almner Leeses, 5-2, 152. 

Almoner (and Almonry) of Durham, 
XXX, xxxi, xxxiii, 52^., 242*, 245 ; 
office of, 239 ; tenements of, 243. 

Almoner's land, 234 ; Rolls, xxxii, 
246. 

Almonry, children of, xxxiii. 

Alms, abstraction of, 236. 



Alphabet on church floor, i5on. 

Altars set up, 264n. 

Altunside, 202. 

Americus archid., xxii. 

Amerston, xxi, xxx, 198, 214, 215, 

233*» 234, 235*. 
Amundesley, Amundistun, Aymun- 

eston (Amerston). 
Amundevill, Ra. de, xxv. 
Anderson, Cuth., 169; Hen., 21, 

2\n, ; Joh., 17*, 19, 24; Ric, 91. 
Andre wes, Rob., 68«. 
Anne, a child, bap., 148 ; Qu., 190. 
Anniversary, xxvi. 
Antique gems, 269, 270. 
Appleby, Mr. Geo., 120 ; Ra., 53. 
Archssologia, xi, 140^. ; idiana, 

120«.* 

Archaeological Inst. Proceedings, 
xii. 

Archdeacon, payment to, 186. 

Archer, Ric, 30*. 

Argentaneo or Argentino, Magr de, 
xxiii, 201, 253^. 

Armorials, 257^. 

Armour, the parish, 9 — 122 ; passim, 
e,g,, I, 16*, 20, 21, 22, 24*, 25, 27, 
29, etc. ; dressing, 16 ; sealing, 
44 ; the common, 14^., i6n. ; see 
Harness. 

Armstronge, dns., xi, xi». 

Amot, Eliz., 127 ; Sim., 127. 

Arrests, 67, 76, 78, 87 ; for not pay- 
ing for stubbing whins, 72. 

Arresting men, 64*. 

Arrowsmyth, Hen., 31, 34. 

Articles, 44, 46, 48, 49, 51*, 53*, 54, 
57*, etc. 

Ascension Day, i, 2, 19, 63». 

Ashe (Eshe). 

Ashgates, 152. 

Ash worth, Abr., 158. 

Assarts, new, xxviin. 

Assessment to saltpetre man, 22n. 

Assessments, see Sess, Sesments. 

Assize of bread, 52. 



278 



INDEX. 



Assize trial, 91. 

As for ** that," 79. 

Atchison, Eliz., 127 ; Giles, 127 ; 

J., II ; Joh., 38; Will., 52. 
Atkinson, G., 117; Giles, 57, 63, 

64, 66* ; Hen., 120 ; Joh., 13, 70, 

71, 116, 152*; Mich., 116; Tho., 

119*; Will., 58,63. 
Atteshon, Joh., 94. 
Attorneys' fees, 82. 
Auckland, xxvi*, 9, 24, 47, 62, 191, 

208, 211, 222, 224, 225, 226, 239, 

240. 
Auckland, St. Andr., 142, 254^., 255; 

St. Helen's, 264. 
Auckland, Prior, 26on. 
Auditor's Rolls, 6211. 
Aurifaber, Joh., 223. 
" Averidge," 87. 
Awderly, Sym., 177. 
Axe, stone, x. 
Aycliife, 246, 266. 
Ayelshopbume, 199. 
Aygett, Joh., 166. 
Aymundeston, see Amerston. 
Ayre, Will., 103, 247. 



B 



Bacckus (Bakehouse). 

Bachelors, duty on, 158. 

Backhouse, the, 75, 143. 

Backhouse lane, 55 ; leases, 55 ; 
see Bakehouse. 

Baells, Tho., 145. 

Bail, 67. 

Bailey, Marg-., 131, 142. 

Bailey's Diet., 44n., 5in., 6111., 79/1. 

Bailiff, Sheriffs^ 124. 

Bailiffs dinner, 118; fees, 112. 

Bainbridge, Will., 135, 183. 

Bakehouse of manor, 18/1., 107/1., 
no, 180 ; a new, i8n. 

Bakehouse dike, lane, leas, etc., 
8 — 122, passim, e,g., Bakehouse 
dike, 58* ; gate, 57 ; lane, ix, 8, 
ion., i8/t., 43, 43n.« 90/1. ; leas, 
ion., i8n., 57, 64 ; leas dike, 58 ; 
tithe, 152 ; man, i8n., 39, 88; well, 
i8n. ; yard, 154 ; see Bakehouse. 

Baker, Barb., 149; Bam., 149; 
Capt., 88, 89 ; Geo., 149 ; Marg., 
149; Mr., 90, 91, 92*, 112 ; wife of, 
i36«. ; Pet., ^^y 3St S^» 63, 64, 65*, 
66, 67, 68 ; Rob., 34, 37, 41, 47, 

49» Si» 52, 58» 9*1 i35» "53. '8i» 
182 ; Tho., 16, 17*, 28*, 32*, 33, 

41 ; Will., 89, 91*, 100, 149, 154. 

Baker's dozen, 39^. 

Bakers lease dike, 62. 

Baking of bread, pies, etc., io7j». 



Balcanqual, Walt., 62/t. 

Ball on Moor well, 107. 

Ball, Joh., 58*. 

Balston, Cha., 268. 

Bambrick, Abr., 127 ; Will., 137*. 

Bambridge, Jac, 127 ; Joh., 127. 

Bambrough, Joh., 59 ; Rob., 45*, 

46*, 47*, 49*, so, SI*, S2, S7*» 59- 
' Banckes, Geo., 79. 
Bandeliers, 6 in. 
Bands and crooks, ZZ* 
Bankes, — , 190. 

Banks, Walks in Yorkshire, 1 24n. 
Baptism, private, 126. 
Bargain, a hard, 107. 
Barker, Ann, 149; Chr., 128, 130; 

Eliz., 128; Joh., 67, 128; Marg., 

149; Rob., 64, 127, 128; Walt., 

149 ; Will., 127. 
Barking, 268. 
Barnefather, Ric, 59*, 62, 66, 67, 

68*. 
Barnes, xxiv. 
Barnes, bishop, xxxvin., xxxviin., 

26^nn, ; Mr., 42. 
Barrey, Nich., 42. 
Barrow, Nich., 65*; Rob., 24*. 
Barry, Rob., 24. 
Bartering transactions, xxxi. 
Bartingham, Edw., 67. 
Barwicke, Rob., 182. 
Basire, Dr., 7sn. 

Bastards, 124, i2S) i43t 148*, 185. 
Bastter, Joh., 143 ; Mary, 143. 
Bates, Will., 120*. 
Bath, bishop of, 26on. 
Battlement, new, 188. 
Bayles fees, 82. 
Bayles, Tho., 81. 
Bayly, Fra., 128. 
Baynbrough, Rob., 60. 
Beacons, 48, 48n., 61. 
Beals Ann, 144. 
Beamond, Mr., 188. 
Beast market, 7on. 
Beaumont, bishop, xxvii*, xxviti> 

I92n., 21S, 217, 222, 254».; 

Hamond, 150; Mr., 153. 
Beck or Bek, bishop, xv, xxvi*, 253, 

2j3nn., 254, 254n. 
Bedlington, 62n.*, 131, 265, 268. 
Bedlingtonshire, xxv, 205, 206. 
Bedlyngton, Tho. fil. Rog. de, 205. 
Beds, 257n. 

Bee, Chr., 55, 59, 68 ; John, 188. 
Beefsteak supper, xxxvi. 
Beel, Mr. Ric, 146, 265n. 
Beelly, Joh., 79, 80. 
Belassis, Ric, 21, 2in. ; Sir Will. 

67n. 
Bell, casting ,of| i| I3n« 



INDEX. 



279 



Bell, Nebuch., 148 ; Ouswand, 73 ; 

Ric, 130; Rob., 75*; Tho., 79*, 

147, 148 ; Will., 60* ; see Beel. 
Belley, Joh., 79, 80*. 
Bell-inscription, i^n. 
Bellman, 72, 104, 105, 115. 
Bells, 250*. 
Bell women, 107. 
Belmont, xxxvii, 6, 8, 125^. ; church, 

85^. ; hall, 8n. 
Bennett, Rob. , 245, 247 ; mother of, 

245, 246 ; W. J. E., 268. 
Bentley, Will., 55. 
Bequest of 10/., 139. 
Bermton, 246. 
Bernard, Walt., 203. 
Bertrami, Joh. fil., 246. 
Bertramus, Prior, xxii, 253^. 
Berwick, i5»., 20»*. 
Besankelde, xx, 199. 
Bespole, Rob. de, 193. 
Bezant to be offered, 204. 
Bible, 140 ; etc., burnt, 26^n, 
Bick (buckle?), 61. 
Bigg straw, 33, 46, 47. 
Billingham, 246 ; vicar of, xxxii ; 

Ric. vie. de, 241. 
Billingham, Mr. Ra., 172. 
Binley, Jane, I23«. ; Joh., I23«.* 
Birilot, Will., 205. 
Birkett, Isab., 129. 
Births, duty on, 158. 
Birun, Jac, 202. 

Bishop and Clergy, flight of, Sin. 
Bishop's Visitation, 186. 
Bishops set free, 188. 
Bishopton, xvi, xvii. 
Bishop Wearmouth, 139. 
Black Death, xxvii. 
Blackett, Parson, 3, 267/1. 
Blacklock, Ann, 145; Geo., 87, 89, 

98. 
Blakiston, i35n. ; Mr., 188* ; Joh., 

Blanchland, ^n. 

Blaxton, Joh., 27, 47, 126; Mr., 

49* ; Mr. Pet., 47 ; Will., 126. 
Bleaching grounds, yon, 
Blesensis, Will., 213, 214. 
Blind lane or loaning, 8iff., 82, 91, 

93*»99» 106*, 112, 113, 116*, 118, 

119*, etc. 
Blind lane dyke, 61 n. ; hedge, 104. 
Blue-coat Hospital, 121. 
Bluitt, Mary, 70. 
Blunde, Walt., 234. 
Blunt, J. H., 140^. 
Board nails, 60. 

Boerius, Joh., 161, 164, 261, 261 n. 
Bog, Gillsbitig, 69*, 76. 
3olbec, Walt, de, xxiii. 



Boldon, XV, 195*. 

Boldon Book, xxiii. 

Boltisburne, 201. 

Boltislawe, 201 (between Stanhope 

and Wolsingham). 
Bonds, 183 — 185. 
Bonney, Mrs. Ann, 124M.* ; Ric, 

124^. 
Bonour, Joh., 224, 257. 
Book of Rates, xxxivn. 
Books, 257M. ; list of, 140; preserved, 

3. 
Boolmer, Chr., 42. 

Boon-days, iSJ^n, 

Booth, bishop, 259, 2$gn.*, 26on. ; 
Cha., 52 ; Chr., 132 ; Joh., 40, 41 ; 
Mr., 132 ; Mrs., removing, 187 ; 
Pet., 57, 64, 70, 138; Ra., xxix, 
132^., 231, 259^., 260, 26o»., 
261 ; Ric, xxix, 132^., 260, 260/f. ; 
Rob. archd., 150; Rog., 166, 167; 
Tho., 79. 

Borrow, Matth., 70, 71*. 

Botchabe, Will., 103. 

Both, Ra., 231. 

Bothe, Rog., 166, 167. 

Bothe (Booth). 

Boultone, Will, de, 198. 

Boundary Cake, 117; Oak, see 
Oak. 

Bounder charges restricted, 102 ; 
Day, 2, 3, 4, 63«., 71, 72, 73, 74*, 
76*, 77, 84, 88, 89*, 118, 267f». 

Bounder dinner, 9 — 122, passim ; 
2s. 6d. in lieu of, 103. 

Bounders, 63, 64*, 65, 66 ; calling 
the, 72. 

Bourdess, Joh., 174, 178. 

Bowe for the bull, 77. 

Bower Banks, 120/1., 153. 

Bower, formerly Castle, xi«. 

Bower, the term, 2$n, 

Bowlmer, Chr., 34. 

Bowmer, Chr., 31. 

Bowes, X ; Ra., 131. 

Boy that came second, 91. 

Boys, bread and drink for, 88, 89, 
91*, 92. 

Brachur, Aslinus, 269. 

Bradewode, xx, 199 (in Wolsing- 
ham). 

Bradle, Ric, 103. 

Bradly, — , 112. 

Braidley, — , 106. 

Bramwell, H. R., 268^. 

Brancepeth, 29, 53, 53^., 128/1., 158, 
256/t. ; rector of, 253/1. 

Brand, Pop. Ant., 2/t., 3/1., 4/1. 

Brandan, St., 194. 

Brandon, 77. 



i 



28o 



INDEX. 



Branting'ham, Abr., 149; Anne, 149; 

Edw., 22, 23, 24, 26, 27, 73, 76, 

149, 178; Joh., 40, 59, 60, 62; 

Rob., 80, 186*. 
Brath, Eliz., 142. 
Bread, assize of, 52 ; weighing- of, 

50, 52 ; white, 114. 
Bread and cheese, 9 — 122, passim ; 

for the lads, 84. 
Bread, cheese, and drink for the 

children, 87, 89. 
Bread and wine, 155*, 156, 157, 188, 

190. 
Breaking entercommons, 8311. , 94 ; 

garths, 94 (Gardens). 
" Brearding " the dike, 38. 
Breg-land, 61. 
Brevint(?), Dr., 152. 
Brewhouses, New, 153. 
Brewin, Dr., 152. 
Brick Garth, 152, 153, 154. 
Bricks, 118, 119*. 

Bridge land, 55, 58*, 152* ; letch, 26. 
Bridge, New, over Gils Bridge 

gtitter, 115 ; Roman, xi, xii. 
Bridges, i, 9 — 122, passim ; sesments 

for, 29, 30*. 
Bridle, 87, 119. 
Brief, a, 158. 
Brigland, 55, 58. 
Brimley, Joh., 263n. 
Brines stable, 114, 116. 
Britannia Inn, 6, 7, Wjn. 
Broad close, 9 — 122, passim, e,g,, 

27, 40, 40n., 41, 42*, 43*, 44, 45*, 

49» Si*» SZ*^ 54*t 55* ; tithe of, 
152*. 

Broad close dyke, 26, 26n. 

Broad wood, 199. 

Brockett's Glossary, 65«., ii*jn, 

Brokett, Joh., 120. 

Bromley (Brimley). 

Brooke, Sir Joh., 22/1. 

Broom, 33. 

Broomside, %n, 

Brounsyde, xxvi. 

Brown, Ann, 151 ; Fra., 14* ; G., 
II ; Geo., 33, 34*, 36*, 38*, 43*, 
107, 112; Jane, 189 ; Joh., 89, 90*, 
90 » 9i» I53*» 1581 186, 246; Ric, 
151 ; Rob., 25 ; Rowl., 90, 92, 99, 
151; Tho., 13, 66, 79, 152, 174; 
Will., 90, I03*, 154, 159, 163. 

Bruce, King Rob., xv. 

Brune, Will., 163. 

Bryans stable, 114, 116. 

Buckle, 6 in. 

Buckles to armour, 16, \6n. 

Bukley, Ric, 226, 227, 228, 229*, 
230, 231, 257, 257»., 258, 258«.* 

Bulford, Joh., de, 236, 238. 



Bulls, parish, 9 — 122, passim, e.g'., 
gn,f etc., 25*, 25^., 26* ; called in 
the market, 71, 72 ; illness of, 77, 
78 ; maintenance of, 79 ; sought 
when lost, 47. 

Bull-hay, 26, 27, etc. ; see Hay. 

Bull-house, 9n., 32, 32^., 42, 44, 46, 

47*1 48, 49» 5o» 52, 59» 60* ; gutter 

at, 38. 
Bull rigge, 152. 
Bullock, Nich., 53, 54, 58. 
Bulmer(?), 31; — , 52; Chr., 55; 

Will., 167. 
Bunny family, 124/1. 
Burchardus, archid., 213, 214. 
Burdas, -des, -dies, -disse, -dus, 

Edw., 138 ; Gra., 145 ; Joh., 9, 

i'» 35» 38, 44»45*» 481 70- 
Burdon, 246; Abr., 115; Anth., 97, 

98 ; Geo., 88 ; Joh., i2o«. ; Tho., 

104, 109, III. 
(Burdon) Prior, 254^. 
Burdons Hind, 88 ; pond, 87, 88. 
Burgesses of Parliament, 53, 54. 
Burial by night, 136^. 
Burial fees, 157*. 
Burials, duty on, 158 ; paid for, 189, 

190. 
Burnap, Tho., 81, 82. 
Burne, Gilb., 106, 107, iii, 112; 

Mary, 120 ; Will., 120*. 
Burning of books, 264n. ; of whins, 

107. 
Burrow, Joh., 127 ; Math., 127. 
Burton, Will., 46, 51. 
Bury, bishop, xxviii, 217, 218, 219, 

220, 243, 255, 255». 
Bury St. Edm., arms of, 255». 
Butler, Ambr., 46 ; bishop, 125M. 
Butley, Joh., 66. 
Butter and milk for the bull, 78. 
Busbe, Joh., 90, 137, 185. 
Busby, — , 115 ; Tho., 137. 
Buston, Will., 128. 
Bye Laws, 116. 
By-law, the old, loi. 
Byndley, Joh., I23».*. 
Byrden, Will., 259^. 



Cade, Mr., xi*, xii, xiii*. 

Cadiz, expedition to, 23^. 

Cakes, baking of, 39. 

Calais, taking of, 23/1. 

Caldecotes, xv*, xxviii, 194, 215, 

216*, 217, 220*, 221. 
Callehane, Fra., 75. 
Calling the bull, 71, 72. 
Calverley, Mich., 179, 180. 
Cam, Ric, 148, 26e^n. ; Mr., 187* ; 

Will., xxxiv, XXXV, 83, 146, 148, 

265», ; Maria, 265n. 



INDEX. 



281 



Cambridj^e, parson going* to, 188 ; 
Caius Coll., 268; Pemb. Hall, 
261 n. ; St. John's Coll., i2on., 267. 

Camerarius, Gilb., xxi*, 202. 

Camhuse, A., A., et W. Caritas de, 
205. 

Canons, 140. 

Canterbury Tales, $$n. 

Canvas, 236, 238. 

Cap for gate, 28, 38, 54, 55, 58, 82, 

85, 9»- 
Capellanus, Steph., xxii, xxx. 

Captain, the, 59 ; the new, 60. 

Captains, 56. 

Carbonarius, 127, 128. 

Caritas, see Camhuse. 

Carlisle, i28n. ; archd. of, xxii ; 

bishops, Lay bom, 26 m. 
Carnforth, Ric, 34, 166; Tho., 23. 
Carrs (ponds), 9 — 1 22, passitn,e,g. , 

ion., im., 12. 
Carr, the lower, 14, 18, 27, 28, 40*, 

42, 45n., 60, 64. 
Carr, James, 268^. ; Marg. , 1 28 ; 

Nich., 63*, 65, 66, 128 ; Sir Ra., 

189; Rich., 34; Rob., 46, 48*, 

55, 162, 181. 
Carrech (carriage), 63, 64. 
Carriage of king's wood, 62, 63. 
Carrville, 6. 
Carter, Geo., 124; Joh., 124; Pet., 

120 ; Ric, 169*, 171, 174, 176. 
Carts not to cross moor, 114, 115. 
Casick, Tho., 38. 
Cassefut, loi. 
Cassidi, Will., 268». 
Casting of dikes, etc., 38*. 
Casting a pond, 86. 
Casting a trench (?), 86. 
Casting for water, 103. 
Castle, the term, x. 
Castle, change of name to Bower, 

xin., 2$n, 
Castle of Durham sold, 68m. 
Castro, Joh. de, 245, 254^. 
Catalogue delivered, 141, 146, 148. 
Caules (cavels?), 78. 
Causey, the, 22, 26, 107, 114, 143, 

^S2i 186, 187*, 188 ; bequest for, 

135 ; making, 83 ; paving, 84. 
Causeys, 189* ; in Rainton lane, 188*. 
Causey foot, i3»., 22«., 72, 74, 75, 

80, 82, 99, 135. 
Caveing (cavelling ?), i i6n., 1 17. 
Cavells, 1, 65«., 70, 71, 72, 75, 76, 

79, 80, 84, 85»., 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 

9»» 92*» 93» 98* 99» 'oo*» 'o«» etc. 
Cayleys, 119. 
Celse, Chr., 86. 
Celsey (Kelsy). 
Centenarian, a, 158. 
Cesses, i. 



Chaitor, Ric, 177. 

Chahces, 250*. 

Challan or Challenge weaver, see 

Shalloon. 
Chambers, Rob.,' 152. 
Chambre, Will., x. 
Chamers, Rob., 74. 
Chancellor, the, no. 
Chancery, court of, no. 
Chancery office, 188; sitting, no, 

112 ; suit, XXXV, io7n., 109. 
Chantry certificate, 248, 250.^ 
Chapel Loning, 88n. 
Chapman, Sir Geo., 190. 
Chapyngton, Ad. et El. de, 205. 
Charles I, 2, 18/1., 22^., 62, 62»., 

i4i»., 183; visit of, 68n. 
Charles II, 6om., 141, i4in., 144/i.*, 

146^., 184; subsidy to, xxxivn. 
Charlton, Matt., 60. 
Charron, Guych. de, 253/1. 
C hater. Granger, 135; Tho., 64, 

65, 125. 
Chauncelere, Will., 228. 
Chaucer, 44^., 55^. 
Cheese, 98. 
Chelsea, 4». 
**Chemmius" (Chemnitius) de Exam. 

Trid. Cone, 264^. 
Chesman, Will., 163. 
Chess, history of, I20». 
Chester-le-Street, xii, xiv, xv, 28, 

29» 3S» 44> 47* 5'** '42, \^2n,, 150, 

i95» 265«. 
Chester moor, 56. 
Chester, West, 142//., 266n. 
Child, Tob., 116. 
Children, drink for, 94 ; of unfree 

strangers, 97. 
Chilton, vill of, xxxi, xxxii, 236, 

237, 246. 
Chilton, Christabel, no; Joh., 123^. ; 

Marg., 137 ; Ric, 19, 20*, 25, 26, 

27. 35. 38* 4» ; widow, 143; Will. 

de, 223. 
Christmas charity, 186, 187. 
Church, armour viewed at, 53. 
Church garth dike, 188 ; goods, 249 ; 

hedge, 189*, 190 ; land, 155 ; lane, 

154, 186 ; plate, 7, 189 ; porch, 

laying, 189; repaired, 189; rent, 

187*, 189* ; scot, 200». ; stalls, 

washing, 187. 
Churching after incontinency, i6o». 
Churching fees, 157. 
Churchwardens, 139 ; accounts of, 

io«., i86«. — 191 ; leases by, 169 — 

178. 
Chyrton, xxx, xxxii, 233*. 
Clark, Tho., 116. 
Claxton, par. Greatham, xxiii*, 200, 

203. 



282 



INDEX. 



Claxton, Anth., 159$ Joh., 43, 46. 

Clay, carrying, 107 ; for building, 32. 

Clay wall, 103. 

Claypath, ix, jon., 147. 

Cleadon, xv. 

Clement V, pope, 254M. 

Clerk, the, 74, 100, 118. 

Clerk's mare, loi ; wages, 190. 

Clevedon, 195, 196. 

Clevedon, Edw. de, 198. 

Cliflon, xxM., xxi, xxviii,5f ,51/1., 195, 

196, 204, 215, 217 ; tithes of, 212, 

213, 214, 252/«. 
Clivedon, Ro. de, 197. 
Clock, 67. 

Close Rolls, XV*, xix, 192W. 
Club, Grassmen's, 100. 
Club, the parson's, 99, 100, loi. 
Cnowald, Rob., 205. 

Co , Anth., 176. 

Coal mines, 66, 259^. 

Cock, Job., 265n. ; Ric, xxviii. 

Cockburne, Joh., xxviii, i32n. 

Cocken, 259n. 

Coffin, payment for, 190. 

Coins ploughed up, xi. 

Coke, Edw., 141 ; Lord, 22n, 

Cokside, Rob. de, 223. 

Cokson, Mr., 31. 

Colborne, Joh., xi«. 

Coldingham, Ric. de, 213, 214. 

Cole family, i28»., 13 in., 13611.; 

Edm., 129; Nich., 128, 129, 143; 

Sir Nich., i28n., 129, 143; Ra., 

xxix, i28n., 129* ; Sir Ra., I28n. ; 

Tho., 128. 
Collectanea of Allan and Hutchinson, 

196M. 
Collecting for Plate, 1 10. 
Collectors, 61 n. ; of highways, 47. 
Collingwood, Trev., 56. 
Colpots, Marg., 131. 
Colson, Ja., 169; Joh., 31, 36, 38*, 

40*, 42, 59, 66*, 67, 77*, 125, 127, 

135 ; Malle, ion., 12 ; Marg., 125 ; 

Rob., 39, 65, 128; Sim., 109; 

Tho., 31*, 127 ; widow, 174. 
Colsons lane, 52. 
Colston, Tho., 231, 261. 
Coltman, Agn., 169 ; Eliz., 158 ; Ja., 

174; Joh., 167, 169; Rob., 167; 

Tho., 56; Will. 178; (Cowtman). 
Commissioners, 67, 67n. ; Scottish, 

68«. 
Common, looking to, 38. 
Common lanes, 106, 112, 118; rigge. 

Commonage, i. 
Commonright, 2, 14^. 
Commonwealth, 3, 4, 62/1., 131M. ; 
disturbances, 68». 



Communicants, payment by, 155*, 

156. 
Composition, purport of, xxx, xxxii. 
Conferences, 155. 
Coniscliffe, 266. 
Connyngham, Arch., 15 ; Rob., 19*, 

23 ; Tho., 16. 
Constable, the, 11. 
Constables, 6, 9 - 122, passim, 
Convenit, le, 269. 
Conventicle, baptism at, 149. 
Conway, Lord, 62M. 
Conyers, Mr. Joh., 142 ; Mr. Ra., 

19 ; Ric, 174 ; Rog. de, xvi, 



xvn*. 



Cook, 125, 128, 135. 

Cooke, Anth., ii, 13, 174; Eleanor, 

15; Geo., 263; Ger., 168; Job., 

II, 174; Widow, 3s. 
Cooks, Mary, 190. 
Cooleson, Rob., 60. 
Cooper, Matth., i$n. 
Copes, etc., Szn. 
Copying Bye-laws, 117. 
Corbech, -beth, -bett, Rob., xxiii* ; 

Ro. de, 201*, 253it. ; Sibilla 

de, xxiii, 201*, 2^^n. 
Corbrygges, Rob. de, 163. 
Corby, Ann, 144 ; Job., 144 ; Marg., 

87 ; Mich., 188. 
Corby's Will, 159. 
Cordwainers' Company, 99n. 
Corn assigned, 246. 
Comforth, Cuthb., 35*, 36, 38, 39, 

41 ; Edw., 23*, 26, 27, 28, 39, 42, 

I35n. ; Eliz., 127 ; Isab., 168 ; 

Ric., 34, 38, 42, 59*, 60*, 61*, 65, 

»27*» I3S» '67*, 168* ; Ric, jun., 

59, 61 (?) ; Rob., 12, 15, 82*, 92».*, 

94, 127, 152, 154, 168, 264n. ; The, 

19*. 29, 32, 4J, 44*, 46*, 49, 50, 

52, 54, 56, 172*, 181, 182; Win., 

19, 27. 
Cornfoth's piece, 98. 
Cornhill, 268. 

Corps of a prebend, 152*, 153. 
Corpus Christi, guild of, 2^'jn,^ 259, 
Correction, house of, 1, 41, 41 n., 48, 

S5» 57. S8*» 59« 60*, 61, 64, 66, 67. 
Costell, Joh., 187. 
Cosin, Bp., I36». 
Cosih's Library, 242. 
Cotman, Ja., 176. 
Cotrells, iron, 88. 
Cotysfurth, Rog. de, 165, 167 ; 

Will., 165, 167. 
Coulson, Ann, 148; Ja., 86; Joh., 

73» 8i*, 91, 94, 148, 153, 154, 159 ; 

Merrell, 148; Ric, 72, no, 185; 

Rob., 77*, 78, 80 ; (Cowlson). 
Councillor^, 112. 



INDEX. 



283 



Counsel, 64. 

Counter pens, 186*. 

Court, attending, 82. 

Court Book, i8». ; Day, 5 ; Rolls, 

i8n., 161. 
Coussons, Eliz., 130. 
Covenanters, 62n. 
Cowlson, Hen., 54 ; Joh., 57 ; 

Rob., 23, 26, 27 ; Tho., 17*, 23 ; 

(Coulson). 
Cowpen, 246. 
Cow pence, 155, 157. 
Cows, charge on, for bull hay, 

26; rate on, 9 — 122, passim; 

regulations for, 78. 
Cowtman, Ja., 20, 25* ; Ja., wife of, 

25 ; Will., 25 ; (Coltman). 
Cowton (MS.), 255. 
Cradgs, Geo., 181. 
Cradock or Crawdocke, Marg., 126, 

131 ; Ric, 126; Mr. Tho., 141. 
Cragg, Geo., 14, 17*, 19, 27, 41, 42, 

43, 46, 48, 50, 51. 
Crame, Tho., 12, 15, 19*, 20, 22, 27 ; 

his daughter, 22. 
Crawcrook, par. Rylon, xxiv, xxv, 

46, 202. 
Crayme, Tho., 12 (Graime). 
Creme, Joh., 41. 
Cretterton, 203. 
Cripple, the, 12* ; carriage of, 24, 

27- 
Croere, Will., 269. 

Crofton, Anth., jun., 125; Jane, 125. 

Crooks, 88. 

Crooks, Mary, 155. 

Crosbie, Pet., ion., 12. 

Cross, leaden, 7on. ; marble, x, xi ; 
on Holy Well, 11 in., 118, 119; at 
Old Durham, 114, 115 ; the white, 
of Spennymoor, 28. 

Crosses, relics of, xiv. 

Crow, Will., 122. 

Croxdale, 110, 267, 267^. 

Crukes, Geo., 69, 71. 

Crux plumbea, 70^. 

Crypt-chapel, 196^. 

Cummin, Tho., 99, too, 117. 

Cumming, Tim., 57*. 

Cumyn, Will., xvi*, xvii*, xviii*. 

Cunnyngham, Arch., 178; Will., 13. 

Curro or Currey, And., 16, 17, 20, 

2S» 27*» 35» 45» 48. 
Cursitor's Roll, 192. 

Curthous, le, 162. 

Cuthbert, St., 239 ; banner of, x ; 
church of, xiv ; congregation of, 
xiv ; seal of, 270 ; shrine ofj 
26on. 

Cuva, i96n. 



D 

Daggers, 43. 

Dalton, 246. 

Dalton, Will, de, 256. 

Damming of water, 64. 

Dams, 9 — 122, passim. 

Dampness of a site, 239. 

Dante, Ric, 246. 

D'Arcy, Sir Ph., 257/1. 

Darlington, 13, 18, 30, 36, 41, 43, 
46, 48, 195, 225 ; preb. in, 258. 

D'Arnis, Lexicon^ yn, 

Darnton, Darton, see Darlington. 

Da vies, Eliz., 142, zS&n. 

Davinson, Joh., 72, 98, 190. 

Davison, — , 112; Agn., 245, 246; 
Alex., 141 ; Alice, 145 ; Geo., 245, 
246 ; Joh., 77, 99*, 142 ; Mr., 145 ; 
Mr. Joh., 145 ; Rob., 267^1. 

Dawson, Joh., 78 ; Lane, 56 ; Tho., 
40, 48, 53, 55, 62, 65, 66, 181, 182; 
Will., 27, 34, 35, 40. 

Deanam, Jane, 130; Will., 27, 174, 
176*. 

Deane, Mr., 188. 

Dee, river, i42«. 

De Insula, bishop, xxv, 201, 205. 

Delaval, Rob., S8n, 

De Laundene, xx. 

Denham, Will., 178. 

Dent, Cuthb., 38; Jane, 146. 

Denton, Edw., 81, 82*, 85, 188 ; 

• Eliz., 145; Ja., 107, 159, 160, 185; 
Matth., 81, 83, 185. 

Denum, Will, de, 192, 193*, 194. 

Depositions, etc., 263^. 

Dernecrok, par. Gateshead, xxv, 205. 

Derwent, river, xxiv, 199, 201*. 

Dethick, Hen., i23n. 

Dickinson, Rog., 9. 

Dickson, Mr. Geo., 94. 

Dighting the armour, 9 — 122, pas- 
sim. 

Dike, the new, 37, 38. 

Dikes, scouring, etc., 9 — 122, pas- 
sim. 

Dinners, how provided, 118; 50 at 
6d., 84 ; 80 at 3|<d., 87. 

Dinsdale, 264. 

Dissenters and strangers, 157. 

Distress, 63^. 

Distringas, 115. 

Dixon, Nich., 188; Tho., 159. 

Dobbeson, Tho., 57. 

Dobison, Tho., 55, 56*, 64. 

Dobson, Anth., 71, 93, 94, 96, 97*, 
98*, III, 112, 152, 153, 155, 185, 
189*; Eliz., 128; Jane, 147, 154; 
Joh., 149; Mr., 189; Rob., 57, 
67*. 75» 83, 86, 128; Sar., 149; 
Tho., 58* ; Will., 149. 



284 



INDEX. 



Dodshon, Wid., 98. 

Dogs, lawing of, xx ; restrictions 
for, 199. 

Done, Eliz., 149, 160; Jane, 147; 
Jos., 147 ; Marg., 147 ; Martha, 
149; Mr., 189; Will., xxxiv*, 
142*, 146, 148, i49n.*, 150*, 153, 
154*, 156*, 157, 158, 159, 160 ; 
(Dunn). 

Dotchon, Nich., 186. 

Double fees for burial, 157. 

Dow, Ja., 178. 

Dragon Villa, 7. 

Drawing the common, 67. 

Drawing of straw, 33«. ; of whins, 
98, 99, loi, 103. 

Dressing the moor, jjSn, 

Drink, 5, 6, 7, 6on., 71, 72*, 73, 74, 
75*, 76«., 77, etc. ; for boys, 75 ; 
given to children, 72, etc. ; and 
bread, to the lads, 86, 87. 

Drinking places for cattle, io6n. 

Driving the moor, 71 «., 73, 74*, 75, 
76, 77*, etc. ; 89, 100, 104, 106, 
109, J 10, etc. 

Drum, 87, 88, 89, 91 ; for giving 
notice, 115; on St. James' day, 
ios«. 

Drummer, 86, 87. 

Drumming, 93, 94, etc. 

Drury, Mr., 78 ; Mrs. H., 146. 

Dublin, Trin. Coll., 268*. 

Duck, Mr. Joh., 145* ; Sir Joh., 
i45«. 

Duck Pond, 6, 60, etc. 

Duck Pool, i2«., 15, 29, 35, 53, 74, 
871 138, 179, 190 ; the over, 46. 

Duckett, Anth., 40, 43, 46, 47, 49*, 
127; Joh., 127, 138*. 

Dudley, bishop, 260. 

Dugdale, Monasticon, xv, igin. 

Dunbar, battle of, 68fi. 

Dunelm, Rob. de, 254^. 

Dunholm, xiv. 

Dunn, Francis, 266n. ; Will., 97, 98, 
146, 26$n,y 266n, ; (Done). 

Dunsey, Mr., 106. 

Durham, almonry of, 236, 237 ; 
archd. of, 215, 256«., 258, 26on., 
26inn.y 262 ; Arch. Soc. Trans., 
247 ; before the Conquest, xii ; 
Bishop of, 189 ; Bishop's Court, 
253«. ; Bishops, see under their 
surnames ; Bishopric of, 248, 250 ; 
Castle of, 218, 257n. ; Cathedral, 
142; Library, see Dean and Chap- 
ter ; scene in, xvii ; Chapel of 
St. James on New Bridge at, 
253». ; churches : — St. Giles, pas- 
sim; St. Margaret, 142*, 242, 
266; St. Mary-le-Bow, I36n. ; 



St. Mary in the South Bailey, i^n, ; 
St. Mary Magdalen, see Magdalen ; 
St. Nicholas, ix, 145, 147, 209 — 
212, 254«., 257, 2S7ff., 258, 2s8f«., 
259, 26on., 264^., 266*, 267 ; glebe, 
1 32».; impropriation, 192^.; rectory 
of, xiv, xvi, xxviii, xxix, i28»., 208; 
St. Oswald or Elvet, xiv, xxn., xxi, 
f.^ff., 142*, i2on., 150;!., 186, 213, 
214*, 266; city of, XXX ; Consistory 
Court, 259^. ; Convent of, xxx, 
2^2nn,f 253». ; Chapter of Convent 
of, xxvii ; Dean and Chapter, 
xxxiii, 2 in., 137, 187 ; Library of 
Dean and Chapter, xiii, 62i»., 
125^. ; Librarian, xxxiii, xxxvii, 
123, 265, 266; county of, 119; 
Gaol, 159; Bailey in, 269; Cross- 
gate, xxxii, 222, 223*, 242, 255W., 
266; Gilesgate, see Giles, St., 
street ; Grammar School, 3, 62/1., 
123, 264^., 265; hospital of St. Giles 
at, 201, 204; Infirmary outside 
gates, xxxiii ; Market Place, xi ; 
Minor Canon of, i5»., 120^/., 123, 
123M.*, 130 ; Minster yard, xiii ; 
mob at, 254^. ; officialty, 1 23n. ; 
Place Green, 16, i6n., 31, 44; 
prebendaries of, i5«., 123^. ; Pre- 
centor of, 123; Prior of, xxxi, 
xxxii ; Priors, see their surnames ; 
Quenes street (St. Giles's), 174 ; 
Registry, Diocesan, 15^., 26811. ; 
Sadlergate, 161, 163; see of, 
dissolved, 68n. ; South Bailey, 135; 
Treasury, 246, 247, 253«., 254»., 
269* ; University, Professor of 
Mathematics in, 268; University 
College, 268 ; University Library, 
196^. ; and Northumberland 
Transactions, xxxi, xxxii. 

Dury, Mr., 154 ; Mr. Joh., 79. 

Dyserth, Flints, 267. 



E 



Eadon and Paxton, suit against, 86. 
Eadon, Edw., 95 ; (Eden). 
Eaghton, 35. 
Easington, xv, 20, 21, 2 in., I26n., 

142, 159, 195* ; Ward of, 119, 242. 
East Field, 244. 
East Grange, i24»., 13 in., 134, 143, 

i43». 
Easter charity, 186; dues, i55n., 

156; Tuesday, 109. 
Easterby, Tho., 130. 
Easterly, Geo., 155. 
Ebchester, prior Will., 258n. 
Eden, — , 188 ; Abr., 154 ; W. de, 

263n. ; (Eadon, Edon). 



INDEX. 



285 



Edinburgrh, i2on.*, 148. 

Edon, Eliz., 184; Mr., 86*, 87, 88; 

(Eden). 
Edward I, 253«, ; II, 253, 254, 254». ; 
. Ill, 255, 256. ; IV, 260. ; VI, xi«., 

xxviii, xxxvi*, i^on,^ 247, 248, 250. 
EgglesclufF, Job. de, 223, 243. 
Eldon, 44n. 
Elemore, 2in, 
Eliot, Rob., 114*. 
EHzabetb, Queen, xxxvi, 21, 23n., 

24«., 1^0, 169 — 179; Advert, of, 

3n. ; Injunctions of, 2, 3^. 
EUesleases, 6, 9 — 122, passim, e,g,, 

io«., i3«., 16, 28, 139, 174; dyke, 

15, 21, 26; hedg^e, 18. 
Ellet, Rob., loi, 103*, 104. 
Elliot, Will., 116. 
Ellison, Eliz., 131. 

EUott, Rob., 100, 105, 106*, 107, ro8*. 
Elm Park, 149. 
Elmedens, Will, de, 222. 
Elton, rector of, i5«. 
Elves, Job., 131. 
EI vet, 213, 214* ; borou^^h of, xiv ; 

bridge, 29, 247 ; parish, 142*. 
Elvete, Job. de, 220 ; Ra. de, 233*, 

252n. 
Elveta, domus S. Osw. de, 204. 
Elwick, xxi, XXV. 
Emberson, Anth., 61, 68* ; Frances, 

68. 
Emerson, Mr. Anth., 146 ; Mr., 87, 

^S2*, i53» 188; Tho., 79, 131. 
Emre, Tho., 245. 
Enclosing entercommon, 75. 
Enclosure of moor, 4on. 
Enclosure Act, 83«., io7«. 
Entercommons, 67, 68*, 73, 75, 83«., 

89*, 91, 92«.*, 94, 95, 116, 119; 

breaking of, 84, 85, 86*, 87*. 
Entercommon fields ; see Inter- 
common. 
Entering pennies, 55. 
Epeiakon of Ptolemy, xii. 
Episcopal estates sold, 68fi. 
Eppleton, xxiv, xxivn., xxvi. 
Epplynden (Eppleton). 
Epplyndone, 197. 
Epplyndone, Ra. de, xxiv, 197 ; 

Rob. de, xxiv, 254^. ; Rog. de, 

xxiv. 
Erasmus, 261 n. ; paraphrase of, i4on. 
Errington, Rob., 154 . 
Eshe, Oliv., 263^., 264^. 
Esse, Rog. de, 253«. 
Estwell, xxiv. 
Evelshopheued, 201. 
Ewbanke, Geo., 83. 
Executions, 67. 
Ezeike, Ric, 22, 



Faber, Ric, 234; Walt., 246. 
Fairfax, Rob., 75, 77, 79, 80*, 114*, 

141. 
Fairless, Ric, 28*. 
Fairs, 207. 
Falkner, Joh., 159. 
Fall, death by, 159. 
Fandons, 93. 
Far Grange, 1247;., 125, 126, 128^., 

i34» i36»M i43«- 
Farmery School, 242. 

Famham, bishop, xxii, xxiii, 199, 

200, 253. 
Farrier, 120. 
Fast, form for, 140. 
Fawdon, Will., 94, 103, 104. 
Fa well, Joh., 186. 
Fees, 156, 157. 
Fell, Eliz., 141. 
Fells, the, 89. 

Feodarium Pr. Dun., xv, 269. 
Ferry Hill, 24, 25, 27, 32, 42*, 45. 
Fetherstonhalgh, Pereg., 131. 
Fiddlers, 87. 
Finchale, xviiin., xxv, 214, 215, 235, 

257«M 258«., 259«. 
Finney, Dr., 156; Ja., 106, 107, no, 

III*, 112, 113*. 
First Fruits and Tenths, 249. 
Fishbum, 37. 
Fishburn bridge, 59. 
Fishburn, Tho. de, 192, 193*. 
Fisher, Marg., 142. 
Fishermen, 128*. 
Fitz Alisaundre, Joh. le, xxxi*, 236, 

237- 
Fitz Hugh, Lord, 257«, 

Five acres, 75. 

Flagging of the church, 150, 190 ; 

of churches, \^on. 
Flags, 33. 
Flambard, bishop, xiv*, xv, xvi, xviii, 

xix*, xxi, xxxiii, 194, I96n., 204, 

213. 
Fleet, Warder of, xxviii. 
Flodden, i2on. 
Fogs of closes, 9 — 122, passim^ ^.^., 

40, 4on., 41, 42*, 43*, 44, 6on., ^ ; 

of various rigs, 52,. 
Fonte, Walt, de, 234. 
Footing the stoops, 89. 
Footstone at gate, 87, 88. 
Fordham, bishop, xvi, 192^., 208. 
Forehead for gate, 87. 
Foreigners, 96*, 120. 
Forestarius, Phil., 195 ; Rad., 234, 
Forster, Joh., in, 119, 190; Mr., 

188, 189* ; Rex., 265^. ; Tho., 90*, 

9»*» »53 » Will., 105, 266«. 
Forster's map, 99n., 125^. 



286 



INDEX. 



Fossor, Prior, 220, 256*. 

Foster, Isab., 144; Ja., 47, 48, 49; 

Job., 77, 81 ; Marg., 129 ; Tbo., 

67, 70, 89, 90, 129 ; widow, 40. 
Foumart head, 191. 
Four-and-twenty, tbe, 73, 78, 93, 

109, no, lis*, 139. 
Fowler, Rev. J. T., xxxvti. 
Fox, bisbop, 231, 260/1.*, 26 in., 

263«. 
Fox bead, 186, 187, 188, 189, 191. 
Framwellgate, borough of, xiv ; 

bridge, 29. 
France, war with, 158. 
Frankelayne, Job., 10, 167 ; Will., 

xxviii, 161, 165*, 166*, 167, 231, 

261. 
Free, making, 120. 
Freedom of moor, 104, 107, 116*, 

118 ; of pasture, 96. 
Fresell, widow, 65. 
Fresse, Hen., 126; Jean, 126. 
Friday thorpe, prebend, 2S9«.* 
Frissell, Annas, 133 ; Hen., 152 ; 

Job., 25, 26, 31, 40, 42*, 45 ; Ric, 

i9» 28, 133, 176. 
Frith, le, 202. 
Frosterley, xxii, 198, 199. 
Fruit, 117. 
Fuller, 37, 143. 
Fulwell, 246. 

Funerals paid for, 189, 190. 
Furee de Ray, 237, 23 8». 
Furze (Whins). 
Fyler, Sam. A., 268. 
Fynne, J., jun., 111. 

G 

Gaire, Job., 169, 170* ; Ra., 12, 174* 

176. 
Gaits, see Gates. 
Gala-day, 5. 

Galfrid Rufus, bishop, xvi. 
Gam well, Mr., 189. 
Gaol, 66, 67. 
Gaps, mending, 31. 
Garden, breaking up of, 92^. 
Gardens, tithe of, 154. 
Garlands, 5, 93 — 122, passim, e,g,, 

Q3n., 94, etc. ; in textile fabric, 

257«. 
Garlings (girls carrying garlands), 

99. 
Garnement, 237n. 

Garrie, Humph., 30, 39, 43 ; Job., 

42 ; Patr., 24. 
Garth foot, 1 20. 
Garthfote, Ric, 183. 
Gaskin, Job., 14. 
Gates on the roads or lanes, repairs 

of, etc., 9 — 122, passtm. 



Gates or gaitas, for cattle, 2, 9 — laa, 

passim ; in fogs, 56 ; in lanes, 9A. ; 

equivalent to freedom of moor, 

118; purchased, i2on. 
Gateshead, xxv, xxvi, xxviiif., 39, 

I28»., 219. 
Gayre, see Gaire. 
Gebson, Job., 145. 
Geese impounded, 120 ; tithe, 153. 
Gelson, Pet., 13* ; Ra., 267, 267n. ; 

Tbo., 82, 83, 146, 156, 266». 
Gem, antique, xiii. 
Geneva Bible, 264». 
Genoa, a clerk ot, 261 n. 

George , 176, 178. 

German us notarius, 213, 216 ; Prior, 

XX, 204, 213, 252W. 

Gerner, Nich. del, 223. 

Gersuma, i, 9^. 

Giles, St, borough of, ix, xiv, xviil. 

Giles, St., church and parish of, 
xvi, xxxiii — xxxvii, 257»., 263 ; 
books at, 140 ; communion plate, 
at, i36n. ; curates of, I5n., i23n., 
126, 129, 146^. ; chantry in, 249; 
effigy in, i32n. ; guild in, xxxv, 
xxxvin., xxxvii, 248*, 249*, 250, 
251 ; immunities of, 196 ; incum- 
bents of, 262 — 8; their various 
designations, xxxiii — xxxv ; inven- 
tory of, 249* ; ornaments of, 249, 
250 ; rectory of, 248 ; refuge in, 
xvi, xvii ; registers of, xxxiv*, 
92»., i2o»., 268n. ; rental of, and 
revenues, 249 ; repair fund, 137 ; 
survey of, 248, 249 ; tithes of, 152 ; 
vestry, 161 ; vicarage, 248. 

Giles, St., his hind, xxivn., 269* ; 
hospital of, xvi, 192 ; manor of, see 
Gilligate ; his sheaves, 217 ; street 
or suburb of (Gila Street, Gyley 
Street, Seyntg^lipite, Giligate, or 
Gilligate), passtm, e.g,, ix, xi, 
xxix, XXX, xxxv, 21, 95*, 96*, 206, 
207, 241, 242, 243*, 239, 245, 256*. 

Gilligate, borough of, 7 ; church 
estate, xxxv, xxxvi, xxxvii ; 
grieve's bouse in, 3 ; manor of, 
XX, xxviii, 7, 40»., 131, 161, i6a ; 
manor court books, xxxiii ; moor, 
ix, X*, xi*, xii*, xiii*, 6, 90, 2^6n, ; 
old industries of, 8 ; pasture, 1 19 ; 

. pinfold at, 9». ; plague, see Plague. 

Giles Bridge, or Gillsbridge, 6, ion., 
iin., etc., 22»., 26n., 28, 29, etc., 
i3S«., 187 ; boge, 91 ; gutter, loit., 
122, passim ; hedge, 89* ; letche, 
i4» 34» 35» 36; stakes for, 74; 
watering-place at, 33n. 

Gilling, 259».* 

Gillowe, Hen., 259, a59n.* 



INDEX. 



287 



Gilpin, Bern., 2in, ; Mr., 188.* 

Gilson, Ric, 9. 

Girl that danced for the gloves, 5, 
103. 

Glandered horses, 119, 120. 

Glover, Ric, 28, 40, 172. 

Glovers, 8. 

Gloves danced for, 5, 103. 

Godric, St., xviiin. 

Goldsmyth, Tho., 163. 

Goods, i.e., cattle, io6n. 

Goods station, 84^. 

Goose, tithe, eaten, 153. 

Gospel oaks, 3n., Sn. 

Gowland MS., 252. 

Gowrie conspiracy, 140^. 

Gowrie, John, earl of, i4o». 

Graham, Tho., 12*, 15. 

Graime, Tho., 84. 

Grame, Tho., 18, 84, 72, 74 ; see 
Crayme. 

Grang-e, the far, 21. 

Grange Iron Works, i24n. 

Granges, 124^., 143. 

Grassmen, i to 122, passim, 

Grassmen's Accounts, 267^. ; books, 
X, xi. 

Grassy lanes, 43n. 

Gray,' Dr., 152 ; Joh., 64, 65*, 66, 
128 ; Marg., 128 ; Rob., 131. 

Graystanes, Tho. de, 193. 

Greafson, — , 119. 

Greaveson, Greeveson, Grieveson, 
etc., Ambr., 151 ; Ann, 108 ; 
Anth., 98, 104, 106, 107/1., i^) 
no, III, 112, 151 ; Anth., jun., 
109, in; Geo., 64*, 139; Joh., 
114; Pet., 80*, 81*, 82, 86, 87*, 
91, 105, 113, 115; widow, 106: 
Will., Ill, 113, 114, 115, 146. 

Green, the, 112. 

Green lane, 7, 8». 

Green, Chr., 264^. ; Joh., 37, 41, 42, 
46*, 47, 49*, 50; Ra., 61, 63; 
Will., 24. 

Greenwell, Canon, xii, xxxvii ; Pet., 
167. 

Gregson, Marg., 149 ; Will., 149*. 

Greme, Joh., 36. 

Grene, see Green. 

Greson, Geo., 49 (Greaveson). 

Grey, Rob., 129; Tho., 129. 

Grieve, the, 3, 3«., 6, 7. 

Grindon, 268. 

Grip, casting of, 9. 

Grove, Mr. Hen., 248, 248n. 

Grove House, i2o». 

Gryme, Tho., 72, 74, 75. 

Guest Hall, 62/1. 

Gunpowder, 51*, 53*, 54*, 55*, 60; 
manufacture of, 2271. 



Gunpowder Plot, 140. 
Gutt, scouring the, 87. 
Gyrsmen (Grassmen), gn, 

H 



—13- 



Hacqueton, 55n. 
Hadan, Mr., 81. 
Hag^staldensis, Joh. (of Hexham), 

xvii. 
Haineing the moor hedge, 85, 114, 

120. 
Haire, Joh., 88; Martha, 151; 

Walt., 87, 94, 103, 142, 146, 151*, 

^SS*y »55»«» 156, 189*, 190, 266/1. ; 

Will., 91 ; see Hare. 
Halchor, Will., 205. 
Hall, Alice, 150; Ann, 126; Cath., 

151 ; Dav., 151 ; Edw., 16, 34, 

38,40, 135 ; Eliz., 146; Geo., 151 ; 

Isab., 151*, 158; John, 47, 48, 

142, 146, 150, 151 ; Lawyer, 109, 

no; Marg., i34»., 162, 180; 

bequest of, i34»., 135 ; Ra., 

151; Ric, 142, 151*, 158; Sus., 

150 ; widow, 46, 153, 155 ; Will., 

126, 151, 186. 
Hallcat, widow, 65*. 
Hallgarth Manor, 2 in. 
Hallow Thursday, no. 
Hall5'well Gutter, in. 
Halter, 92. 
Hameldon family, 235 ; Hen. de, 

XXX ; Joh. de, xxx*, xxxi, xxxii, 

233i 234 » Walt, de, xxx*, 233. 
Hamsterley, 264. 
Hand bell, 250. 

Handlaw, Grace, 133 ; Mr., 133. 
Hang lock, 56, 67 ; wards to, 58. 
Hansard family, 235* ; Gilb., xxi, 

XXX*, 235 ; see Haunsard. 
Hanting the bull, 6q, 72, etc. 
Harbotle, Mart., i8i4. 
Hard wick, i2on., 255. 
Hare, Walt., i49«n.* ; Wellby 100 ; 

Will., 105 ; see Haire. 
Harland, Joh., 104*, no. 
Harland's Garth, 112. 
Harle, Edw., 27, 30, 33, 34, 106. 
Harmericus, archid., xxii. 
Harness (armour), 55, 56 ; dressing 

61 ; marking, 59 ; scouring, 32. 
Harper's close, 67. 
Harr kutt, 55. 
Harr tree to the moor gate, 66; see 

Hartre. 
Harrison, Cha., 32, 33* ; Eliz., 158 ; 

Joh., 37, 42, 43, 46, 50, 51, 67, 158; 

Marg., 158; Mr., 109, 120; Will., 

158. 
Hartburn, Sr Rob., 242. 



288 



INDEX. 



Harton, 246. 

Hartre for gate, 66, 77, 88, 1 14 ; see 
Harr tree. 

Harwell, Rob., 66. 

Hasps and staples, 48, 57*. 

Hastans, 93. 

Hastines, Geo., 94. 

Hastans, Hastin, or Hastings, Tho., 
103*, 104, III, 159, 185. 

Haswell, no; Grang-e, iin, 

Haswell, Mark, 142. 

Hat, a, 91, 97, 107, 117. 

Hat run for by the boys, 100, 103. 

Hatfield, bishop, xvi, xxvii, xxviii*, 
igzn,, 221, 222, 223, 255»., 2^6nn, 

Haunsard, Gilb. de, 198, 233*, 234 ; 
see Hansard. 

Hauwden, Mr., 69, 72. 

Hauxwell, Tho., 163. 

Hawthorne, 159. 

Hay for the bull, 9 — 122, passim ; 
see Bull-hay ; in rigs, 46ff. ; for 
ropes, 64. 

Haybote, 205. 

Hayes, Joh., 70 ; Tho., in. 

Haymaking, 38. 

Hayne, Tho., 186. 

Hazard, — , 115. 

Headly, Rob., 77. 

Heads for gates, 91*. 

Headpiece for gate, 58. 

Headpieces (armour), 43. 

Healing beast's head, 65. 

Hearth-money, i55«. 

Heath, arms of, 132^. ; family of, 
xxix ; Mr., xxxvi, 18, 21, 52, 59, 
64, 71, 7in., 186 ; Ann, 126, 127, 
i30» 134* ; Dorothy, i24»., 125, 
128, 130, i3i«., i3S«-» 1361 i36»«., 
141 ; Edw., 125, i25«., 126, 133 ; 
Eleanor, 141 ; Eliz., xxviii, 125*, 
i30«., i3i»., 134, i36». : Fra., 
132, 135; Hen., 125, 134; John 
and Mr. John, xxviii, xxix, 2i»., 
41, 124^.*, 125*, i25»., i26»., 127, 
128, 128/1., 130*, I3i«., 132, i32««., 

»33«v i34*> i34»M i35««-» i36««.*, 
161*, 168, 169, 171, 176, 177, 179, 

180 ; effigy of, i32«. ; Mrs. Marg., 

125, 134; Mary, 126; Nich., 126, 

126«. ; Mr. Nich., 135^. ; Perker, 

126; Rob., 128; Tho., i24n.*, 

128*, i28«., 130*, i3i«., 133, 134, 

i36«. ; Mr. Tho., 54, 125*, 126*, 

134; Thomazine, 126, 129^., 130*; 

Mr. Topp, 126*, I26n., I28«. ; 

Will., 126, i28n. 

Heaviside, Tho., 143, 152. 

Hebburn, 246. 

Heck, for the bull, 33 ; setting of, 

47- 



Hedges, repairing, 93. 
Hedging, 119, 120. 
Hed worth, 246. 
Heighington, 35 (?), 266. 
Heighington, Rob., 34, 37, 39, 45, 

46, 49, 50, 51, 56, 74, 75, 128, 183. 
Heirison, Al., 145. 

Helcotes, Joh., 27. 

Helcott, Annas, 133 ; Joh., 32, 42, 

Helyard, Mr. Chr., 127; Fra., 127. 

(Hemingburgh), prior, 256^. 

Heng^e man, 52. 

Henricus, 233. 

Henrici, Rob. fil., 205. 

Henry I, xiv, 194 ; H, xxi, 252 ; 
ni, xxiv, 252, 253 ; IV, of France, 
23«. ; VI, 257, 258, 259 ; VII, 260, 
26i«. ; VIII, xxviii, xxxv*, 167, 
248, 261, 261 n.*, 262 ; prince of 
Scotland, xviii. 

Henry-Hutton, xxv. 

Hepleton, Ann, 143 ; Rob., 143. 

Herbert, Country Parson, in, 

Heriz or Herz, Hen. de, 203 ; Will, 
de, xxiii, 203 ; Leoninus fil. Will, 
de, xxii, 20a 

Herle, Hugo, 256. 

Herrison or Herrinson, Ann, 150 ; 
Joh., 70, 71, 74, 75, 80 ; Ra., 150 ; 
Will., 75, 150. 

Heselden, 246. 

Heslopp, Rob., 20, 21. 

Hessewell, Tho. de, 255. 

Hewert, Joh., loi. 

Hewitson, Tho., 14, 19, 20. 

He worth. Nether and Over, 246. 

Heworth, Tho. de, 236, 238. 

Hexham, 187. 

Hexham Well, 243. 

Hexham, John of, xvii. 

Hextildesham (Hexham), Will, de, 

243- 
Hiberne, Will., 193. 

Hicks, Ric, 130. 

Hickson or Hixon, Rob., 93, 94. 

High field, 62, 64. 

High Grange, 124^. 

Highways, 56, 57, 58. 

Hill, Will., 90, 94, 150, 154, 158, 

261 ; see Monte, de. 
Hills, Will., 154*. 
Hilton, Ann, 145 ; Will., 19*, 20, 26, 

52, 64, 65. 
Hobson, Jac«, 264 ; Nic, 130. 
Hodgion, Mr., 89. 
Hodshon, Annas, 36 ; captain, 44, 

47. 53 ; Edw., 50 ; Eliz., 127 ; Ja., 
I3» 29, 30, 127, 174 ; widow, 32, 

34*» 37» 40. 42—48. 
Hola, see Holen. 



INDEX. 



289 



Holden, Etiz., 150; Geo., 150. 
Holen., Episc, xxxii, 24 in. 
Holes, making', io6n., 107. 
HoUinshed, xiii. 
Hollow (Holy or Hallow) Thursday, 

107*. 
Holme, le, 203. 
Holmes, Mr., iS^n, 
Holofernes, 123. 
Holy Thursday, 102, 107*. 
Holy Way, S^n, 
Holy Well, iiiw., 118, 119*; dick 

and chain for, 120 ; gutter of, 120; 

washing of, 117*. 
Holynside, Tho. de, 202; Isolda ux., 

202. 
Homble, Anth.. 33; Will., 33, 172, 

173 ; see Homyll. 
Home, widow, ion., 12. 
Homericus archid., xxii. 
Homilies, 2, 140. 
Homyll, Joh., 20*, 24 ; Will., 20, 21 ; 

see Homble. 
Hooker, Life of, 2n. 
Hoomes (Holmes). 
Hoop to g'ate, 42, 47, 59 ; to moor 

gate, 31. 
Hoops for gates, 38. 
Hopper, Mr., 107 ; Ric, 76. 
Horse, see Parson. 
Horse for the hird, 85. 
Horse eatage, 92 ; gaits, 30* ; g^rass, 

a, 89* ; races, 5. 
Horses impounded, 120. 
Hotona, Wido de, xxv. 
Hotoun, Ric, Prior, 254n. 
Houedon, Will, de., 213, 214. 
Houghton-le-Spring, xv, 15, 16, i6«., 

2««-i 53i 58, 131* »So».i 195*. 255» 
256, 259^.* ; chantry in, 259^. 

Houlden, Joh., 143 ; Will., 143. 

Houleclose, 84^. 

Housbote, 205. 

Houseling people, 250. 

Howard, arms of, 255n. 

Howard, Cha., 83 ; Edm., 222, 255. 

Howcet, Jane, 145. 

Howden, 196 ; preb. in, 258. 

Howdon, Will, de, 195. 

Howe, a naval officer, i2on. 

Howell, Joh., 23, 24 ; Will., 16, 28. 

Howie, Walt., 185. 

Howie way, 84, 84n., 86. 

Hubathome, Joh., 112* 

Hubbucke, Hubback, etc., Geo., 36, 

37; Joh., 12, 15, 178; Mrs., 188; 

Tim., 54,57, 6s, 139; Will., 137*. 
Hudspeth, Dan., 22, 24, 31 ; Rob., 

9, II, 18, 20, 24, 27, 28, 35*, 39, 

44, 45, 49*, 51, 166, 167, 168, 172 ; 

Tho., 10, 20, 28, 172 ; Joh., 137, 

"39- 

19 



Huegeson, Cuth., 133. 

Hugall or Hughill, or Hugill, Kath. 

69; Tho., 80, 104, 153, 154, 159; 

Will., 159; , 112. 

Hug^ls Lane gate, 118. 
Hulme, Nich., 225, 258. 
Humble, Will., 12*, 13, 32 ; see 

Homble. 
Hunstanworth, xxiii, xxvii, 201*, 

221*, 215*, 216, 217, 218*, 219*, 

220*, 253n., 254«., 256. 
Hunter, Cuth., 151 ; Dr., xiii, 7o». ; 

Eliz., 151 ; Joh., 148; Kath., 158; 

Ric, 42*, 174 Tho., 148, 188 ; 

widow, 65, 15 < Will., 81*, 89, 

90> 9»» I5i» 158, 159- 
Hunter MSS., xxxii, 242*, 253nn., 

256, 259n., 261, 26 inn. 

Hurdman, Marg., 130. 

Hurworth, xxi, xxx*, 159, 198, 233*, 

234*. 235*. 

Hutchinson, or Hutcheson, — , 106, 
112 ; Mr., 145* ; Cuth., 149 ; Eliz., 
142, 149, 150 ; Fra., 142 ; Hen., 
90; Hugh, 77; Ja., 149; Jane, 
146, 158 ; Joh., 21 ; Mar., 149 ; 
Nich., 77 ; Ric, 80, 89, 149, 164, 
184 ; Tho., 90, 91, 149, 150 ; Will., 
152. 

Hutchinson, History of Durham, xxi, 
xxii, 253n., 259n., 26on., 262*, 263, 
263n., 265, 26yin,y 266, 267*, 
267n. 

Hutton-Henry, xxv. 

Hutton Rudby, 257n. 

I 

Iceland, 241 n. 

Illegitimate births, etc., 124, 125, 
i27n. 

Impounding the bull, 80* ; goods 
(cattle), no. 

Incomers, removal of, 188. 

Indictment, copy of, 47. 

Indulgence, 239, 240. 

Infected people, 63. 

Infirmary, xx. 

Infirmary chapel, 244. 

Informer, an, 134. 

Inp^leby, Anne, 131. 

Injunctions, 140, i4on. 

Inops mendicus, Gulielmus, 136. 

Insula, R. de, bishop, xxiv. 

Iniercommon, i, 4on. ; see Enter- 
common. 

Interments, early, x. 

In-toll, 195. 

lona, xiv. 

Irish missionaries, xiv. 

Iron, mines of, xx, 199. 

Iron work, 84*, 86, 87. 

Isabella, Queen, 254n. 



ago 



XNDEX. 



Isle, the, i2lSn. 

luestan, par. Lanchester, xxv, 202, 



Jackson, Geo., 127; Ra., 79; Ric, 

10; Rob., 72, 8(6; Tho., 127; 

Walt., SI, 70, 71*, 127. 
Jacob, Law Dictionary, 2oon. 

Jacobus , 167. 

Jail, 60. 

James, St., 219. 

James I, 4in., 48/^., 49n., 140^., 

180, 182, 25on., 251*. 
James, Anne, 131 ; Job., 114; Judith, 

99, 100, 104; Will., 89*, 131. 
Jamieson's Dictionary, nfn, 
Jarrow, 246. 
Jarvice or Jarvis, Chr., 20, 21, 23, 

24*. 31. 33» 34i 38- 
Javill (jail), 60. 

Jewel, Bishop, Works, 140. 

Jingle Pot, ii7»., 120*. 

Johannes , 165. 

Johnson, Dr., i2on. ; Hen., 52, 54, 
56, 65, 66, 71, 76, 128* ; Joh., 19, 
20, 30; Marg-., 128; Mich., 115; 
Nich., 104; Ric, 60; Rob., 86, 
88, 93, 95, 129, 154; Mr. Tho., 
and nephew, 11. 

Johnson's Dictionary, 55^. 

Judges, petition to, 56. 

Jug> 79*» 79«- 

Jupiter Tonans, xiii, 270. 

Jurdinson, Will., 71*. 

Jury, 7, 106, 113. 

Justices, meeting, 67 ; warrant from, 

47- 

K 

Kavel, 6^n, 

Kaye, Dan., 88 ; Rob., 164*. 

Kazop, Hel. de, 234. 

Keenleside, Job., 72, 78*; Tho., 77. 

Kellaw, bishop, xv, xvi, xix, xxiv, 

xxv, xxvi, xxvii, igzn.y 193*, 204^., 

253«-> 254, 254»., 255. 
Kelloe, i^n. 
Kellsoe, Chr., 79. 
Kelnelawe, 206. 
Kelsy, Ja., iii*, 112*. 
Kempt, Will., 38. 
Kent, Job., 33* ; Rob., 46*, 48 ; Will., 

31*, 32, 34*, 35*, 36, 40*, 41*, 42*, 

43» 44*- 
Kent, his son, 38. 

Kepier, passim, e,g,, 21, 124, 1-26, 

127, 129*, i3i«., i32««., 133, 

i34«-» i36»., i43» 148, iSJ» 152, 
162, 164, 165, 166, etc., 241, 242, 
248 ; Hospital of, xiv, 223, 269 ; 
alienated to the Coles, 13 in. ; 



chapel of, 200 ; chaplain at, 235* f 
church of St. Mary and All Saints 
at, 199, 204; clothing at, iq6m. ; 
conversi at, i96n. ; documents 
relating to, 192 ; dormitory at, 
I96n. ; estate, possessors of, xxviit, 
i28n., i32«., i33«, ; burnt, xviii, 
xxv, xxvii ; fire at, I92n,, 193, 
253> 253«., 255 ; gateway, 255^. ; 
granges, xv*, I24n., 214, 216, 262 ; 
indulgence for, 223 ; infirmary at, 
196^., 199; masters or wardens 
of, xxix, 161, 252—262; mill dam 
at, 203; miller of, 159; officers at, 
196^. ; ordinatio for, 196^. ; pre- 
bend of, xxvi ; Queen Isabella 
lodged at, 254». ; Grammar School 
(Houghton), 2j«., 255 I seals of, 
xxivn., 220*, 235 ; seneschal of, 
167 ; visitation of, 225, 257 ; wood, 

i47» '59- 
Kepyer, Little, xxv. 

Kernech, Ra., Prior, 234, 235, 252n. 

Kerven (Kyrn), Rob., 245, 246. 

Ketton, 246. 

Key to quire door, 187. 

Keyles (Kyloes?), impounded, 120. 

Kidney, Ric, 130, 

Kimblesworth, xxxiii, 242, 

King, Anne, 136 ; Mr, Joh., 125. 

King's affairs, 48 ; assesments, 155 ; 
duty, 158, 159; kitchen, 49; pro- 
vision, 53, 54, 55, 58*, 60, 6a, 64 ; 
purveyor, 57, 59 ; receiver, 187*, 
190 ; rent, 187, i88*, 189*, 190*, 
191 ; service, i ; treasure, 67 ; 
wood, 62. 

Kingsgate, 25on. 

Kirby Ravensworth, 257^. 

Kirkham, bishop, 253n. 

Kirkland (Kyrkland). 

Kirman, Job., 263. 

Kirsete, 20on. 

Kirton, Marg., 146; Mr., 188; Mr. 
Anth., 146. 

Knaggs, Mr., 188. 

Knightsbridge, St. Paul's, 268. 

Knokedene, 218, 219. 

Knokedenburne, 199, 201 (Newkton). 

ico(Ticivo9rocdc, 135. 

Kyloes, 119, 120. 

Kypyerhouse, 223 (Kepier hospital). 

Kyrkland, Tho. de, 161, 162, 163. 

Kyrn (Kerven), Rob., 245. 



Lack-Latin, Sr John, I9n,, 123, 264*1. 
Ladar, Ja., 104. 

Ladler, Eliz., 153; Ja., iii; Mica], 
83 ; Nich., 70, 71, 73, 8q, 83, 152. 



INDEX. 



2gi 



Lads, bread for, 94 ; that ran for 

hat, 107. 
Laidley Worm, izon. 
Lairstall, Larestall, Laverstall, 157** 

187*, 188*, 190, 
Lamb, or Lanibe, Edw., iion, ; 

Eliz., i2on.* ; Hen., i2on. ; Jane, 

i2on. ; Joh., 163 ; Mr. John, a 

papist, i2on. ; Mary, i2on.* ; Mr., 

loi, 121; Rob., 120; Rev. Rob., 

i2on. 
Lambert, Mr., 117, 
Lambton, 150; staith, 62, 63, 
Lambton, Sir Will., Sjn, 
Lancashire, 2^gn, 
Lanchester, xxiv., xxv. 
Landa Dei (Landieu), xx, 199, 269, 

269». 
Lane, tenters in, 80. 
Lanes, letting of, 49, 61 (Lonings) ; 

named from persons, 88n. ; railing 

of, 43«. ; receipts for, 56. 
Lang, Tho., 85. 
Langbrag, Mr., 58. 
Langhome, Joh., 260. 
Langley, bishop, 224, 226, 227, 257, 

257».*, 258*, 258». 
Lasenbe, Will., 103, 104. 
Lass carrying water, 64. 
Lasses with garlands, 93^., 94. 
Lath brods, 18. 
Latin in Parish Registers, 123, 127 — 

129, 130, 131, 135, 136, 140, 142, 

149, 150. 
Latin service, 264n. 
Latoun, Ja., xxv. 
Laundeue, xx, 199, 269, 269n. 
Lawes, Joh., 88n. ; Rob., 120. 
Lawson, Eleanor, 100. 
Lawsuits, 72*, 73, 74, 76, 82, 86, 95, 

loi, io7n., 109, 110. 
Layborn, Rog., 261, 261 n. 
Layclerk, 130. 

Lead, 250* ; for quire door, 187, 
Lead mines, xx, 199. 
Leaden Cross, ix, 70^. 
Leaf cut out of Register, 160, 
Leeds, 131. 

Leeper, Hesse, 187 ; (Leper). 
Leg cut off, 159. 
Legacy of 10/., 139. 
Legate, Will., 220, 256. 
Legge's Lease, xxxvii. 
Leland, Itin., x, xin. 
Leper, Urseley, 144 ; (Leeper). 
L'Escheker, Will, de, 254^. 
Lesley, Scotch army under, &jn. 
Letch, the, iin., 29. 
Letches, 11 — 1 22f pctsstm. 
Letting the whins to stub, 105. 
Leventhorp, Will, de, xxii. 
Lever, Barb., 126; Mr. Tho., 126, 129. 



Leverton parish accounts, i4on. 
Levingthorth, Greg, de, 200. 
Leya S. Marias, 214, 215. 
Lianes, Mr. Joh., 66. 
Liber Niger Scaccarii, xxi. 
Liber S. i^gidii, 161 — 182. 
Licar (liquor?), 1 19. 
Licence for marriage, 130. 
Liddell, Geo., 159 ; Hon, and Rev, 

Rob., 268n. 
Liddle, Joh., 119. 
Lieutenant, sesment to, 59. 
Light of B. M., 242. 
Lightfoot, Hen., 205; Sim., 93, 94, 

97» 98, 99. loif «o3» 109*. "0» "2*, 

113. 114*. 
Lime, 118, 119. 
Limekiln close, 46. 
Lincoln, 254^. 

Lincolniensis, Steph., 213, 214. 
Lindisfarne, xiv. 

Lingard, History of England, 23^. 
Litany Desk, colouring, 188. 
Litefout, Sim., 92. 
Little, Sander, 3I) 34. 
Little Eden, i26n,, 128^., 135^. 
Littlefair s child, 190. 
Littlephere, Joh., 28 ; Ric, 48. 
Livere, 237«., 238. 
Lock, 33, 46, so, 51 ; and staple, 53. 
Lockes, Quenilda ux. Ric. de, xxii, 

203 ; Ric. de, 203 ; Will, de, 203. 
Lodge hill, 114. 
Lokes, see Lockes. 
Lomeley, Tho. de, 256. 
London, i26»., 127, 265n. ; Lord 

Mayor of, 68n. ; St. Andr. in 

Wardrobe, 130. 
London, Joh. de, 253n. 
London carrier, i2on, 
Londonderry, Marq. of, xxviii, 7. 
LongstafT, Sar., T04. 
LongstafTe, Mr. W. H. D., xii, xiii. 
Lonings, 61 ; (Lanes). 
Loops for gate, 114*. 
Lord Lieutenant, i4n., 20. 
Lord's rent, 190*. 
Loty, Dan. et Joh., 202. 
Louders, — , two children of, 143. 
Lough, Tho., 107. 
Lound, Joh., 208, 209. 
Lounde, Joh., 229, 230, 231, 258, 

259» 3S9»- 
Lousse for pinfold, *jjn, 

" Love's Labour lost," 123. 

Low carr, 53, 57, 64, 67, 68 ; scour- 
ing of, 34. 

Lower end, the, 29. 

Lowndes, 140^. 

Lowther, Al., 150 ; Marg., 150 ; 
Tho., 92*, 93, 150, 159. 

Luceby, Hen. de, Prior, 25471. 



292 



INDEX. 



Luckenby, Jn, 159. 
Ludworth, The, 37, 38*. 
Lumesdene, Ad. de, 206. 
Lumley, Hen. de, 193 ; Sir John, 

258n. ; Ra., 86. 
Lund, archbishop of, 24 in. 
Lundoniis, Joh. de, 253. 
Lyell, Mr., 188. 
Lyhtfot, Hen., xxv. 
Lynn, 143. 

Lyntz, Laur. de, 202. 
Lythom, Joh., 225, 257. 



M 



Mackjunkin, Dan., 112. 

Macklend, Geo., 148 ; Rob., 148, 
152. 

Maddison, Cha., 265^;^; 

Madlan or Magdalen dike and lane 
or loning, 9 — 122, passim, e.g., 57, 
58*, 64, 6i5, 67, 84n., 88n., 89, 139. 

Magdalen or St. Mary Magdalen, 
chapel or parish church of, xxxiii, 
7in., 88n., I3in., 133*, 134, 242, 
244*, 264n. ; chapel yard, 244 ; 
its chancel, 247 ; repairs of, 247 ; 
its site removed, 241, 244, 247 ; 
its ruins, xxxii, 247 ; chaplain of, 
244 ; hospital of, xxi, xxix — xxxiii, 
52»., 84n., 236, 238, 239*, 240, 
242*, 244* ; com assigned to, 246; 
documents concerning, 233 — 247 ; 
lands of, 244, 245* ; persons in, 
245, 246 ; revenues, successive 
holders of, xxxii. 

Magdalen or St. Mary Magdalen, 
parish of, 129, 143, 243 ; rectory 
of, xxix. 

Magdalen or Maudeleyn leys, 245 ; 
street, or St. Magdalen's gate, or 
Maudlingate, xxxii, 242, 245*, 
246 ; vennel, 89. 

Magdalens or le Maudeleynggs, 243. 

Maiden, the term, x, xii. 

Maiden's Arbour, x, xi*. 

Maiden's Bowers, x, xi*. 

Maiden bower, 25, 25n., 52, 53, 56, 

57- 
Maiden Castles, x, xi, xii*, xiii*. 

Maiden Castle, 17, 22, 27, 28, etc., 

passim. 

Maiden Castle dyke, 15, 34 ; hill, 

X, Xll , Xlll . 

Maior, Joh., 82 ; Mr., 64 ; Ra., 94, 

98. 

Malas famae vetula, 135. 
Maland, Kath., 183 ; Rob., 183. 
Maldeson, Tho., 163. 
Mallory, Capt., 64. 
Maltby, widow, 153. 



Malton, Joh. de, 245. 

Man, Chr., 67 ; Geo., 137, 138*. 

Manche, Rob., 214. 

Manghe (meyne ?) 44, 44n. 

Manlove, Mr., 146 ; Nath., 146. 

Manners, Joh., 121*. 

Manor of Gilligate, io7n., no. 

Manor, lord of, 118 ; steward of, 161. 

Manure, leading, 100*, 102, 103, 
104 ; led out of Duck pool, 106 ; 
order for, loon. 

Mar, Fra., 131 ; Ric, 131. 

Marcham, Mr., 72. 

Marcus Aurelius, xiii. 

Mardland loning, see Madlan. 

Margery, widow of W. de Aldeb., 
257«. 

Market, 207. 

** Marmion," Scott's, iion. 

Marriage at, 82, 130. 

Marriage fees, 156. 

Marriages, civil, 13 m. 

Marriages, duty on, 158*, 159. 

Marshall, Mr., 152; Rob., 33, 36; 
Tho., 13, 19, 20*, 22, 23, 27, 29, 
36, 156, 178. 

Martin, Cuth., ti, 14, 172; Dav., 
116*; Joh., 92*, 93, 94, 96, 97*, 
98*, 99, loi, 185 ; Mr., 57*, 188*, 
189* ; parson, 188, 189 ; Ric, 37, 
40, 44».47. 57» 65, 83, 98, 128, 15s, 
266n. ; Rich., 55 ; Sam., 62n. , 
145; Sim., 77, 78, 128. 

Marton, Mr. Jos., 112. 

Martten, Tho., 141. 

Mary, the B.V., 239. 

Mary, Queen, 168, 169. 

Mary H, Queen, 189. 

Mary, Princess, 140^. 

Mary, St., and All Saints, church of, 

XX. 

Mary, St., and St. Giles, hospital of, 
207. 

Mascall, Fra., xxivn. 

Mass in 1569, 263^. 

Massbooks, 250. 

Maston, Joh., 82, 87, 184, 187. 

Match, 51, 53, 54, 55*. 

Matilda, Queen, xiv, 194. 

Matthew, Mr., 75. 

Maud, princess, xxi. 

Maudeleynggs, le, 243. 

Maudeleynleys, 245. 

Maudlen (Madlen). 

Maudlingate, xxxii. 

Maugham, Geo., 70, 185; Joh., 113; 
wife of, ^z ; Marg., 145 ; Ric, 87, 
90, 93*, loi, 144; Rob., 94, 98, 
154 ; Silv., 34, 39 ; Will., 55, 94. 

Maugham's Garth, 112. 

Mauley, Pet. de, 257». 



INDEX. 



293 



Maundy in chapels, 244. 

Mawer, Walt., 139. 

Mayne, pain de, 237/^. 

Mayor, the, 145*, 189 ; (major) sig^s 

burial certificates, ]44n. 
Mayor's Well, 6, 8. 
Mayte, 237«. 
Meaborne, Matth., 158. 
Measuring moor hedge, 94. 
Medicis, Julius Card, de, 26 in. 
Medmesley, Will. ds. de, 193. 
Medomsley, xxii, 204. 
Meldredus, 263n. 
Mellitor, 135. 
Melsonby, i6on'.* 
Melsonby, Tho., Prior, 235. 
Memorials of Ripon, 33^., 140^. 
Men of Mark, etc., i2on. 
Meneyi (" folkes "), 44n. 
Mensforth, Ric, 90, 91. 
Menvill, Joh. de, 243. 
Meremium, i6^n, 
Merrington, 267.* 
Merrtngton, £., 246. 
Meru, W. de, 253«. 
Mewer, Nell, 133. 
M(ickleton) I., 62».* 
Mickleton MSS., xin., xxii, 15^.*, 

I9n., 62/t., 123, 242, 252, 253n«., 

256nn., 257«., 258n., 259^., 26on., 

26 inn., 264n., 265n. 
Middins, 120. 
Middleham, 217. 
Middleton, Midelton, etc., Anth., 

168, 169*, 171, 172; Geo., 130; 

Joh. de, 257n. ; Kath., 246 ; Ric, 

263; 



XXXV, xxxvin.. 



249*» 



2SO*» 



Will., 152. 
Midlam Poor Land, 152. 
Milburne, Geo., 106*, 107. 
Military Service, i4n. 
Milkers, 30. 
Milking of cows, xii. 
Mill, manorial, no, 180. 
Miller, Ambr., 145 ; Jer., 116; Joh., 

81, loi ; Marg., 145; Tho., 50, 

Milneburn, xv, 194. 

Milner, Andr., 88 ; Joh., 103. 

Miln-wright, 159. 

Miners' term, 6$n. 

Minister, bestowals on, 187 ; the 

designation, 74n. 
Minister's dinner, 74 ; horse, 75. 
Ministers' Accounts, xxxvi. 
Ministers treated, 190. 
Mitchell, Tho., 18, 24. 
Mitchelson, Ja., 16, 17. 
Modus, 154. 
Mody, Joh., 223. 
Monasteriis, Walt, de, xxiii, 200 ; 

Will, de, 200. 



Monkton, 246. 

Monte, Hugo de, 216 ; see Hill. 

Monte Alto, Hugo de, xxiv, xxvii, 
254, 254n. 

Montreal, Christ Church Cathedral, 
rector and canon in, 268. 

Moor, the, 1 ; allotments on, ion. ; 
driving the, 88. 

Moor close, 49; dike, 9 — izzj passim, 
e.g,y 9, 16, etc., 27*, 29, 31, 32. 

Moor gate and hedge, 9 — \ 22, pas- 
sim, e,g,, 16, etc., 33, 34, 38* (far), 
42*, 47, 60. 

Moor stie (stile), 65. 

Moor well, io5n. 

Moore, Tho., 129. 

Moores chare, 45, 47n., 48. 

Moorcroft, Mr. Geo., 76. 

Moorsley, 246. 

Morecroft, Geo., 76. 

Moreton, Ric. de, 193. 

Morgan, , 251. 

Morion, 29. 

Morlan, Morland, etc., Annas, 124 ; 
Chr., 2i«. ; Joh., 124; Mr. Joh., 
145 ; Mr., 144, 145 ; Ric, 21 ; 
Tho., 18, 61. 

Morley, Ann, 131. 

Morrice, , 25on., 251. 

Morrow, Will., 264. 

Morter wall, 100. 

Mortmain, xxxiv. 

Morton House, 2 in. 

Mortuaries, 157. 

Mouders and Mouding, 9 — 122, pas- 
sim., e.g^y 31^* > 6in., 95. 

Mouders, calling out the, 73 ; playing 
to them, 79, 80. 

Mouding the moor, 93, 107. 

Mowbray, Mr., 109, no*, 112*; 
Will., 14*. 

Muggleswick, i23n.* 

Multure, xxiv. 

Mundavill, Ra. de, 202. 

Muniments, alleged device for 
getting sight of, 236, 238. 

Mur, Ric, 161, 163. 

Murage, 207. 

Murder, 159. 

Murrain, xxvii. 

Murray, Agn., 264n. ; Ann, 124 ; 
Rob., I5n., 124, 264n. ; Will., 
xxxiii, I5n., 16, I9n., 124*, I24n., 
129, 264(?). 

Murton, 50. 

Murton, Dr., 156. 

Musgrave, Sir Chr., i28n., 189. 

Music, 72, 73*, 75, 76, 79, 80, 86*, 87. 

Musicians, 5, 107*. 

Musket, 50 ; dressed, 53 ; stock to, 

53. 
Muskets, 60. 



294 



INDEX. 



Muster, the, i6, 35. 
Musters, i. 
Mustertnasters, 62. 
Musters, de, family of, xxiii. 



N 



Nails, 42 ; to armour, 16. 

Nalson, Joh., 65. 

Namur, taking of, 189. 

Nanton, Hen., i$n, 

Nathanael, Sir, 123. 

Neasom's lane, 88. 
. Nedderton, filii Rob. de, 205. 
' Neele, Mr., 188. 

Neighbours, 71. 

Neile, bishop. Register of, 15ft. 

Nelson, Ann, 143; Anth.,89; Joh., 
58*, 75, 78, 79, 80, 83, X43; 
Philad., i2on.* 

Nettleton, Hen., 131. 

Neuton, Will. ds. de, 193. 

Nevill, bishop, xiv, xv*, xvi, xix, 
xxviti, xxix, xxxii*, i32n., ig2n.j 
208, 210, 2u, 212, 228, 229*, 239, 
240, 241, 244, 247, 257, 257«., 258, 
258n., 259* ; Ra. de, 263n. 

Neville's Cross, battle of, x. 

New, Mr., 88. 

Newby, Nich., 34, 35. 

Newbottle, xv, 195. 

Newburn-on-Tyne, 62n. 

Newcastle, 5, 2i«., 25, 34, 39, 67, 
67«., i36»., 158. 

Newhouse, Mr., 89*, 189 ; parson, 
189. 

Newkton, xxiv. 

Newland, 124, 124^. 

Newton, xv, xxn., 195*, 204 ; tithes 
of, 213, 214. 

Newton bridge, 30 ; hall, xi. 

Newton, Will., 25, 26, 35, 37n. ; see 
Neuton. 

Nicene Creed, 136«. 

Nichol, Pet., 14*. 

Nicholas, St., see Durham, churches. 

Nicholas V, pope, 258n. 

Nicholson, Nicolson, etc., Ann, 98 ; 
Dor., 144 ; Eliz., 88 ; Geo., 104, 
119; Mark, 113; Mart., 92*, 99; 
Ra., 75, 79, 152 ; Ric, 84^; Tho., 
^» 97i '59 » Thomasine, 141 ; 
widow, 88. 

Nixon, Kath., 142. 

Noble, Ra., 64. 

Norham, i2on.*, 267 ; castle of, 262. 

Norma nton, I24n. 

Normouer (North moor ?), 80 ; bog, 

97- 
North Cave, i in. 

** North Durham," Raine's, 120* 



Northumberland, xxx, 248 ; earl of, 

xviii. 
Northumbria, 233. 
Norton, prebend in, 26on. 
Norton, Joh., 228, 241 ; Rev. Joh. 

G., 268. 
Notary, public, 183. 
" Notes and Queries," 22n» 
Novalia, tithes of, xx. 
Nung, Mary, 116*. 



O 



Oak, the, 3/^., 6, 8n, 

Oat straw for ropes, 33. 

Obit, 250. 

Odardi, Laur. fil., 205. 

Offal whins, 98. 

Officialty, i2$n» 

Ogle, Mr., 120. 

Oil to the armour, 16. 

Old Durham, xi, xii*, xiii*, xxviii, 

xxix, 6, 21, 54, 62»., 92n., io7»., 

114, 115, i28n., 131, 132, 132»., 

136, i36n., 142, 146, 159, 260, 

26on. ; the study at, 152. 
Old man buried, 147. 
Orchards, etc., xxxiv ; tithe of, 154. 
Orde, West, 15**. 
Orde or Ourde, Ann, 134 ; Chr., 

133 ; child of, 133, 134 ; Dor., 

134; Eliz., i5«., 129; Joh., 34; 

Tho., 16 ; Will., 131. 
Ordnance Plan, 8n. 
Ormestone, dns. de, xin., xxviii, 

i32n., 248. 
Orrey, Hen., 165 ; Ric, 166. 
Orton, Merill, 159. 
Oswald, St., church of, see Durham, 

churches ; head of, xiii, 270. 
Out-man, an, 16. 
Out-rents, 7, 189, 190, 191. 
Out-toll, 195. 
Overstints, 56, 115. 
Ovington, — , 112; Geo., 121. 
Owen, John, 267^. ; Ric, 59. 
Owl, 191. 
Oxford, Corpus Christi College, 268 ; 

Keble College, 268 ; Lincoln 

College, 267. 
Oxgang, amount of, xxivn. 



Padingham, Joh., 161, 163* 
Paget, Sir Will., xxviii. 
Painter, paid for sentences, 189. 
Pair, 59«. 
Paite head, 190. 
Pallese (Pellowleases). 
Palmer Close, iii, 153. 



INDEX. 



295 



Palnure, Rob., 205. 

Pannage, 207. 

Pant, the, ion., ijn., 16, 17, 18, 

etc., i05n. ; the door at the, 18, 19; 

the lower, i^n. 
Pant Close, i3n., 154. 
Papedy, Juliana, xxi, 203. 
Paper, 42, 47, 58, 66. 
Papist buried, 147. 
" Parish Books," Surtees Society, 

i4onn. 
Parish Clerks, 141, 142, i^gnn,, 151, 

i55» 156, 157 ; discharged, 155. 
Parkin, Mr., 190. 
Parkeson or Parkinson, Hen., 94, 

III, 160, 185; Jac, 167. 
Parkhurst, Dormer, io7n. 
Parliamentary War, i3i». 
Parnaby, farmer, 7. 
Parson, provision for, on Bounder 

day, 9 — 122, pussim, e^g., horse 

for, 80, 81, 82, 86, 87, 89, 93, etc. ; 

treated, 190, 191. 
Parson and clerk on Bounder day, 

89 ; their horses, 91*. 
Parsons, two, loon. 
Pate's head, 186, 187. 
Patent Rolls, xv*, 192^., 248. 
Paternity, evidence of, i6on. 
Paternosters, etc., 26on. 
Path, obstruction of, 243. 
Patron of St. Giles's, 159. 
Patteson or Pattison, Jane, 68 ; 

Joh., 47, 50, 59*, 69 ; Tho., 48, 130, 

Will., 159. 
Pavers, 188. 

Pavie, Will., ion., 11, 12*, 13. 
Paxton, — , 188 ; Mr., 86*, 87, 88, 

89*, 92 ; Nich., 90, 95, 152. 
Peacoke, Joh., 44, 54 ; Rob., 47. 
Pearce, Rev. Rob. J., 268. 
Pearson, Pierson, etc., Ann, 127 ; 

Fra., 127, 137 J Geo., 36^., 79, 80, 

85» 148* ; Joh., 14, 15, 20, 30, 134, 

170; jun., 20; Nich., 77, 78*, 79, 

8o*, 81, 82*, 83, 91, 84, 8s, 148^, 

158; Tho., Ill, 119; Ursula, 158. 
Peat-moss, 195. 
Peele, Joh., 128 ; Tho., 128. 
Pelaw- or Pellow-leases, 9 — 122, 

passim t e.g*, ion., 28n., 30n., 4on., 

156. 
Pellowiease chare, 40, 42, 43n., 47, 

48 ; lane, or loning, 6, 8, 89 ; 

tithes, 152. 
Pellaw Wood, ion., 138. 
Penance, 160*, i6on. 
Pendreth, Ra., 36. 
Pennies thrown, 7. 
Perambulations, 2, 3^., 5, 7. 
Perkin, Joh., 155, 366n. ' 



Perkins, Job., 190. 

Perth, i4on. 

Peter, St., hospital of, 196. 

Peter and Paul, SS., 239. 

Petition, 47. 

Petri, Ra. iil., 205. 

Philip, King of Spain, 23^. 

Philip and Mary, 168, 169. 

Philips, , 25on., 251. 

Phillips, Mr., 71. 

Pickage, 207. 

Pickering, Mich., 104, 105, 106, 107, 
109, no, 112*, 114*, 115. 

Pickes (pikes, spears), 42, 43 ; 
dressed, 53. 

Pickes for gates, 38, 60. 

Pictavia, Ph. de, bishop, xxii*. 

Pidding Brook, xiii. 

Pies, baking of, 39. 

Pigot, Rob., 266. 

Pigs, tithe, 153. 

Pikes, see Pickes. 

Pimlico, St. Barnabas', 268. 

Pinckney, Ja., 264. 

Pinder or punder, appointed, 37. 

Pinfold, 9 — 122, passim, e,g,, 9, 9n., 
I2n., 29, 55, 67, 71, 72, 75, 77, 78, 
etc., 91*, 93, 97, 99, 100, 119; lock 
for, 89 ; rails for, 88, 89 ; rebuild- 
ing, 120 ; repairs of, 88. 

Piper, 128, 135 ; payment to, 36, 36n. 

Pistor, Elyas, 246. 

Pittance, 244. 

Pittington, xxviii, 8n., 9, 9n., 2 in., 
85n., 124, i24n., 142, i5on., i6on., 
217, 218, 219*, 220; "Churchwar- 
dens' Accounts," I in., i4n., 47^. ; 
gate and lane, 9 — 122^ passim, e.g,, 
gate, 26, 27, 29, 40; lane or loning, 
6, 7n., 8n., 9n., etc., 31, 34, 54; 
North and South, 246 ; vicar of, 
I5n. 

Place Green, see Durham. 

Plague in Giligate, 24n., 25n., 38n., 

53»-> 132* »33*» 134*- 
Plank for the gutter, 91. 

Plate, xxxvin., 250, 257n., 258n. 

Plates for horse-races, bellman 
calling, going to Newcastle for, 
collecting for, 104, i04n., 105*. 

Plawsworth, xxvii. 

Playing to the mouders, 36n., 79, 80. 

Plea, entering, 82. 

Pleasant, Mr., 57*. 

Pledges, carrying of, 25. 

Plot, delivery from, 189. 

Ploughs, iron for, xx. 

Plough pence, 155, 157. 

Poke of lime, 119. 

Polton Grange, 189. 

Ponte, Ra. de, 197. 



296 



INDEX. 



Pool next Pinfold, 29. 

Poor, bishop, xxiii, 200, 252. 

Poor, the, iSiS*, 187* ; collectors for, 
47; legacy for, i2^n, ; not lo come 
to the bishop's gates, 189 ; pro- 
vision for, I ; 10/. for, 139. 

Poor folks' dykes, ion., 11, etc.; 
Lancashire man, 187 ; schedules, 
155 ; scrolls, 189 ; sess, 188 ; 
woman in labour, 188. 

Poor's land, ion., 152, 188 ; scroll, 
158. 

Porches, mending of, 186. 

Porter, Hen., 266. 

Porter close, 106, 152, 

Porterclose dike, 56 ; hedge, 60. 

Postel, Will., 193. 

Potter loning, 8 in. 

Potts, Jos., 116. 

Poullton Grange, 143. 

Pound (pond or pinfold ?), 73. 

Poundfold (Pinfold). 

Poundlawes, 41. 

Poundlouse for the bull, 77, 77n. 

Powden Grange, i24n. 

Powder and match, 51* ; see Gun- 
powder. 

Prayer, forms of, 140. 

Prayer-books, 140. 

Preachers treated, 188 ; see Parson. 

Prebend in Auckland, 254n., 255. 

Prebend's Corps, 152. 

Precariae, 164. 

Prehistoric occupation, ix. 

Prentice (Prenies, Prentise, Pren- 
tisse, Prentize), i23n. ; Alice, 
133; Cuthb., 45, 123, 126*, 130; 
Eliz., 124; Isab., i2^n. ; Jane, 
124, 132; Mary, 124, 126; Ric, 
I23n. ; Rob., xxxviin., i23n.*, 126, 
i33» 264n. ; Tho., 14*, i6*, 17, 27, 
I23n., 124*, 132 ; Will., I23n. 

Pre-Roman remains, xii. 

Presentments, 28, 62. 

Priers or Pryers (Prior's ?) stable, 99, 
103, 105, 107*, 115; hedge, 103, 
105. 

Priest, designation of clergy, 11 7n. 

'* Priory of Finchale " (Surtees 
Society), 235*. 

Priscian, 123. 

Prisoners, conveyance of, 9 — 122, 
passim, e,g., i, 24*, 25, 27, 28*, 

29*» 32. 
Private baptism, 149, 15 in. 

Prizes for races, 5 ; see Plate. 

Protestant States, 48n. 

Provision, king's, 5 in. 

Prunes on the bounder day, 5, 85 ; 

for the boys, iii. 

Ptolemy, xii. 



Publicis, Hugo de, 242. 

Pudsey, bishop, xvi, xviii, xix*, xx, 
xxi*, xxii*, xxiii, 195, 196, I96n., 
199, 201, 203, 204, 204nn., 213*, 
214, 252, 269n. ; his " ordinatio ' 
of Kepier hospital, 252. 

Pue, mending, 187. 

Pulment, 236, 238n. 

Pulpit, mending of, 186, 189. 

Punfold (Pinfold). 

Puritan ascendancy, 3, 4. 

Puritanical influences, 74n. 

Purse, 36 ; a common, 20. 

Purvey money, 5 in., 56. 

Purveyance, 5 in. 

Purveyors, the king's, 51. 







|uaker, 158, 160. 
fuakers' meeting, 159. 
fuarrington, xv, 35, 195. 
lueen's affairs, 15, 22 ; rent, 190^ 
service, 24. 
luerela, xxxi, xxxii*. 
|uicks, 91. 
luickset hedge, 9n. 
|uire door, 187*. 



R 



Races, 5 ; see Plates. 

Rackett, J oh., 49. 

Raket, Will., 225, 228. 

Radulfus dapifer, 213, 214; rector, 
235, 252, 252n., 269 ; sacrista, 269. 

Raiesse (brushwood), 54. 

Railing of lanes, 43n. 

Rails and posts, 33. 

Raine, Canon, 259n. ; Mr. (Dr.), 
xiii ; Dr., i2on.,* his "St. Cuth- 
bert," 270 ; J., jun. (Canon), 26in. 

Rainton, 27, 70, 259n. ; East and 
West, 246 ; lane or loninge, 48, 49, 
76, 188* ; moor, 48*, 49*, 50, 52, 
53*» 54* ; road, 3, 9n., 26n., 4on., 

Raisins, 5, 115. 

Ramforth, El., 145. 

Ramsdon, Ann, 130. 

Ramside, 21, i24n., 125, 126, 130*, 

^ZZy i34*» i49» 'S8 ; Grange, I25n. 
Ranaldson, Anth., 17*. 
Ranardson, Rob., 47. 
Randall MS., 261 n., 267. 
Ranton, widow, 64. 
Ranulphus, frater, 199, 269. 
Ravensflats, or -flat, 7, 7n., 85*, 85n. 
Rawltng, Joh., 99. 
Ray, 237, 238n. 
Readhead, Tho., 82*, 143. 



INDEX. 



297 



Reading- the will, u^n,, 120. 

Rebellion ot the Earls, 26^n. 

Record Office, London, igzn, 

" Rector " of St. Giles's, 8$n., zS^n, 

Recusants, 2Sn, 

Red edging-, 43. 

Red Hills, x. 

Red House, 112. 

Redforth, Will., 2$gn, 

Reed, Eliz., 142 ; Ja., 72. 

Reedhead, Tho., 71. 

Reekpenny, 155*, 156, 157. 

Reginald! Lib. de S. Godrico, xviiin. 

Registers, parish, ion,, 62n., 123 — 
160. 

Registrum HI, 253n. 

Reg. Pal. Dunelm., xxiv, 253n. ; see 
Kellaw. 

Relly, xxxi, 236, 237. 

Renaldson, Rob., 46. 

Renell, Geo., 59. 

Reneson, Rob., 46. 

Rennesid, Joh., 73. 

Renny, Rob., 120, 121. 

Renny's lane, 6, 8n., gn, 

Renton, Cic, 137, 138 ; Matt., 100. 

Restio, 127, i3S«. 

Restoration, the, 4, 62;^., 131 n. ; 
good effects of, 68n, 

Rhodes (Rodes). 

Ribbons, 117. 

Ricardus capellanus, 242 ; notarius, 
213, 214. 

Ricardi, Matildis filia, 245. 

Richard H, xv*, xix, igzn, ; HI, 
260. 

Richard, — , 176; Ra., 75. 

Richardson, — , suit with, 88 ; Mr., 
ii9n., 120; Ann, 128, 159; Edw., 
149; Isab., 142; Joh., 104, 106, 
107, 149, 180 ; Marg., 150 ; Ra., 
87» 150. 158, 184; Rob., 77, 79*, 
80, 81*, 84*, 88, 89, 128, 190; 
Ro&M '35; Sim., 150; Tho., 114. 

Richmondshire, x*. 

Ridge, the common, i^n. 

Ridley, Edw., 84, 98, 103, no. 

Rigg, common, 139. 

Rigs in closes, 46. 

Riggsofland, 138. 

Right of way, 9on. 

Rimer, parson, 190. 

Ring, investiture by, xxvii. 

Ringers, 186. 

Ringing on Coronation Day, 188 ; 
forjudges, 187 ; for King William, 
188 ; at Queen's funeral, 189. 

Ripley, — , 1 15. 

Riply, Joh., 101. 

Ripon, Rogations at, yt, 

Rippon, Will., 112, 115. 



Rise (brushwood), 38^., 42, 54;^. 

" Rites of Dprham," 242. 

Riving of posts and rails, 33. 

Roads, Will., loi. 

Robeson, Ra., 25, loi ; Ric, 21, 22, 
23, 24, 46, 49. 

Robinson, Chr., 117; Eliz., 89, 91 ; 
Geo., 106, 109, no, in, 141; 
Hen., 92 ; Isab., 150 ; Joh., 84, 
121, 154; Jos., 120; Mary, 146; 
Matt., Ill; Ra., 97, 98, 99, 100, 
102, 150; Ric, 9, 10, II, 12*, 13, 
16, 18, 21, 23, 24, 135, 137*; Tho., 
86, 95 ; Will., 150, 164. 

Robson, Geo., 71, 73, 80; Joh., 35, 
116*, 120, 267*, 267^. ; Nell, 31 ; 
parson, 191 ; Rowl., 50, 138* ; 
Tho., 169, 170*. 

Roddam, or Rodham, Ja., y6n. 

Rodgers, Joh., 187*. 

Rodes, Ann, 142. 

Rods, Will., 119*, 120. 

Rogation processions, see Peram- 
bulations. 

Rogeri, Edm. fil., 205. 

Rogers, Joh., 158, 186, 189. 

Rogue money, 26, 26»., 28, 29, 30, 

31. 32» 49» 54» 54«-. 57. 58. 
Roman altar, xiii* ; camp, xiii ; 

coins, xiii ; head, xiii ; occupation, 

xii, xiii ; roads, xii ; wall, xi. 
Romans, their leaving Britain, xiv. 
Rome, 26on., 261 n. 
Romesey, Joh. de, xxii, 200. 
Rookhope, xx, 199. 
Ropemaking, 135/1. 
Ropers, 8, 183. 
Roper, Mr., 104; Will., 146. 
Ropes (measure of land), 97. 
Rot' (Roter or Rutter?), Ric, 2S6n, 
Roumfout, Nell, 187 ; see Rumfoute. 
Routh Library, 196^. 
Rowell, Rowle, or Roule, Geo., 26, 

28, 29, 32*, 36, 37, 38, 42, 49, 52, 

55. 59» 60, 138; Joh., 131. 
Rowntree, Will., 115. 
Rubbing posts or stoups, 17, 74, 

97^., 101. 
Rubbish, leading, 118. 
Rud, Tho., 266. 
Rudderford, Andr., 69. 
Rudys, Joh. de, 214. 
Rumford, Will., 131, 
Rumfoute, Will., 68. 
Rumfute, Will., children of, 68 ; see 

Roumfoute. 
Rungs to a gate, 16, 45. 
Rushes, 71 ; on floors, i5on. 
Russell, Pet. fil. Eliae, 245 ; Tho*) 

22n, 
Russet, 237, 238. 



RuHloii, Joh. de, 163. 

Ru(ha1l, Bishop, i6i*, i6!'. 

Rutter, N., Z2n. 

Rye straw, 33. 

Ryhope, XV, igj*. 

Ryley, Jonas, 150, 158 1 Harth., 

Rylley, see Relly. 
Ryse, see Riie. 
Rylon, XV, xxiv, xxv, 195. 
Rylon, Ad. de. xxv, zol. 



Sabbath, baking' on, 39. 
Sacring bell, 250. 

Sadberge, 143, 15a. 

Sadberg (Dunelm. el), co. of, 193. 

Saddles, bridles, etc., run for on 

Bounder day, s, 87, etc., passim, 

e-g; 87. 91. 9' . 93. 97. ">'. "03. 

107, 109, 115'. 119. 
Sagrerston (sexton), 19. 
Saile to the bull, 27, 4:, 44*, 47, 49, 

S9. 6s, 68, 75. 
Saint Asaph, 267. 
St. Barbara, W. de, Bishop, xvi. 



St. James' Day, 1051. 

St. Mary Magdalene, feast of, 144. 

Salary paid, 189*, 190. 

Salkeld, Attorney General v., xxxv. ; 

Mr. Ralph, 7; Rob., I2Z ; Will., 

141. 
Saltator, 130. 
Salter Will, 14S, i.si, 159. 
Salt peter man, the, Z2n. 
Salve to the bull, 53. 
Salvin, Mr., 97. 
Sampson, Sim., 148*. 
Sance bell, 250. 
Sand, 119, 247. 
Sanderson, Mr., 189; Marg:., 185; 

Mary, 185. 
Saiidersnn's Antiquities of Durham, 

}.b\n. 
Sands, the. 69, 71, 74, 7S, 77. 79- 84, 

84-,., 85, us. 139- 
Sands hedge, 89, 91, 93, i [7. 
Sarvanl, Joh., 53. 
ScBbbed horses, 7:»., 88, 93', 100, 

104, 105, io6*, 107, 109, 113, 114*, 

1.5. 'iS- 
Scabbed lane, 114*. 
Scabgaith, 7in. 
^.Scagp, Marg., 148 (Skages). 



Scales for bread, 52, 
Scaling the ashes. t04 ; the burnt 
heaps, too j the moor, 36n., 86, 92, 

pasture. 95. 
Schakelok, Rob., 223. 
Schedule of books, etc., iS6r. 
aXOivOTiXUot, I3^n. 



e facia; 



S7 ■ 



Sclacter, Hug.. 163. 

Scotch be^ar, 148 ; prisoners, 6Sn. 

Scotland, king's progress to, 49n. 

Scots, articles concerning the, 67 ; 
destruction by, 243. 253*1. ; see 
Keprer hospital ; in Durham, 6Sn. ; 

Scoti, Geo., 116, 117; SirW., i30«. 

Scouring dikes, etc., 9 — ^122, passim. 

Scrafton, Lancashire, 130. 

Scrat lonnynge, 15. 

Scroll of gaits, 72. 

Seals described, 269, 270 1 ofFered, 

Searcher to Glovers' Company, 159. 
Searching the book, 84*, 85, 86. 
Seaver (sieve-maker). 46. 135". 



Secre 



, 269. 



Sedgefield, x 


V, [95', 255, i6:« 




Seggerslon, 


he, see Sexton ; 


nder 




ers, 158. 




Selby, Cuth 


158) Mr. Rob. 


34i 


Will., .47, 


78, 147- 




Selme to a g 
Semar. Wilt 


te. .6. 19. 




^.S7"- 




Senescallus. 


71. 




Seneschal, 179, 180. 




Sentences pa 


nted, 1 89. 




Servants, payment for, 156. 




Serviens, Ad 


105. 




Sess, 1 12, 1 


S6, .87*, 188 i K 
e, .87< 


epier 


and Grang 




Sesments, c 






money, etc 


,g— 121. passim. 





Seven acres, the, 28n., 41, 45, 47, 49, 

54, 62, 64, 681). 
Seven acres dyke, 29. 
Seven dike, 68. 

Sexton, 112, 118, 156, 157, 158. 
Sexton's wages, 190. 
Seymour et al., i07«. 
Shafloe, Mr., 112. 
Shat\y, Rob., 94. 
Shakelock, Will., 50- 
Shakspear, 113. 
Shakspear's curates, I9n. 
Shalloon- weavers, 8, 19*, 20, 23, 25, 

59, 125, 147- 
Sharpe, Cath., 144 ; Dav., 82, 93, 

94! Elii., IS9. "6o*. 185; Marg'. 

"59- 



INDEX. 



299 



Shaw, , 88 ; Mr., 92 ; Will., 76, 

78*, 79, 82», 83, 84, 85*, 86, 87. 

Sheath, 91. 

Sheep impounded, 55. 

Shelmes, 16, 29. 

Sheraton, Chr., 19, 174, 176 ; Will., 
52, 180. 

Sherburn, x, xi, xv, xxviii, 12*, no, 
inn., 195, 236, 237; South, 218, 
219, 220 ; West, 6. 

Sherburn bum, 22 ; gate and lane, 
9 — i22y passim; Grang^e, 6; House 
or Hospital, x, xxxi, 7, 23, 24, 74, 
88*, 88«., 99, loi*, 245; Master of, 
88«., 253». ; Thornley brother of, 
88n. 

Sherburn road, 3, 6, 7, 9»., ion., 26«. 

Sheriff, advice of, 115. 

Sherobaylaye (sheriffs bailiff), the, 
i2n. 

Sherwood, bishop, 260*, 26on. 

Shields, 109 ; South, 268n. 

Shincliffe, x, xii, xiii, 64, 67, 265n. 

Shincliffe moor, 44, 45. 

Ship-money, 62. 

Shipherdson, Joh., 139. 

Shirborn, Alan us de, 257^. 

Shoemakers, the, 92n. 

Shoemakers' Company, 99n., 100, 
104 ; garden or garth, 112, 113*. 

Shoes, 236, 238n. 

Sibilla iilia Rob. Corbeth, xxiii. 

Sick, wine for, i8q. 

Sickness, 68«. ; Mr. Dunn's, 190 ; 
relief in, 45, 190*. 

Siever, or Sieve-maker, 46, i35n. 

Silver, 83. 

Simon, camerarius, 213, 214. 

Simonside, 246. 

Simpson or Simson, Chr., 54*, 55, 
181 ; E., II ; Edw., 13, 15 ; Eliz., 
130 ; Joh., 90*, 99, TOO, loi, 102, 
106, 107, no, III*; Tho., 56; 
see Symson. 

Sir, the title, i9n., 264n. 

Site, removal of, 239, 240. 

Six shillings per house, no. 

Sixpenny levy, 121, 122. 

Skages, Jane, 143; Tho., i43(Scage). 

Skaithlock, Rob., 52. 

Skelowe, 246. 

SkiHield, Ric, 30, 43. 

Skirlaw, bishop, xxxvi, 238, 239, 
256n., 257n. 

Skirnyngham, 246. 

Slates, 17, 247. 

Sledge loads of thorns, 120. 

Sledging whins, 120. 

Sleuth-hound, 23n. 

Slyburne, Tho. et Joh. de, 205. 

Slykeburne parva, 205. 



Smaithwaite, Edw., 130. 

Smart, Pet., i36«. 

Smelt, Ric, 62n., 123. 

Smith or Smythe, Mr., 52, 74»., 88, 
97, 109, 187 ; Mrs., I36n. ; Edm., 
26, 46, 135; Edw., 60, 125; Mr. 
Elias, 3, ion., 62».*, 68n., 123, 
141, 152, 153, 265n. ; Geo., 180 ; 
Grosier, 158; Hen.,265n.; Humph., 
i6g, 170*, 174, 178; Joh., 15*, 
19*, 20, 23, 25*, 27*, 44, 45, 59*, 
64, 125, 130, 138; obit of, 250, 
25on. ; Marg., i8n., I36n., 180; 
Posth., 150 ; Ra., 151 ; Ric, 158, 
169, 170, 178, 180; Rob., 9, 10, n, 
152; Sym., 174; Tho., 151 ; widow, 
ion., 12, 27, 29; Will., I36n. 

Smoke or hearth-money, i55n. 

Smurthwaite, Edw., 127. 

Smyth, see Smith. 

Snawball, Tho., 25*, 27, 28*, 37, 38; 
(Snowball). 

Snawdon, Gilb., 152*, 153, 154*; 
Tho., 42*, 49, 72, 73, 153; 
(Snowden). 

Snawdon 's yard, 154. 

Sneck for gate, 85. 

Snowball, Marg., 52 ; Tho., 20, 
3o*» 39 ; (Snawball). 

Snow, death in, 134 ; a great, 150. 

Snowden, Gilb., 83 ; Ja., 77 ; Jane, 
143, 152 ; Tho., loi ; (Snawden). 

Sockbum, 266, 267. 

Solderer, 126. 

Soldiers, i, 54*, 55*, 56, 57, 60; 
appointed, 51. 

Soldier money, 25, 2sn., 51, 54, 54n. 

Southcroft, xxii, xxx*, 206, 234n. 

Southwick, 246. 

Sowler, Joh., 120. 

** Sows," lazy, I37n. 

Spain, 48n. 

Sparke, — , 47; Nich., 30, "31, 32, 

35» 37*» 38*1 39» 40*, 47*. 49» 77* 
Sparker, Nich., 92, 154. 

Sparrow's collection, 2. 
Spars to gates, 55. 
Sparles to the bull-house, 44. 
Speed, map, ix, 7on. 
Spennymoor, 28. 
Spenser, State of Ireland, 55». 
Spice, 115*. 
Spice cakes, 39. 
Spikings, 38, 50, 60*. 
Spindeston, i2on. 

Spraghen, Tho., 166, 167, 168, 172. 
Springs, at Giles Bridge, 49 ; scour- 
ing of, 14. 
Sprowe, Norm, fil., 197. 
Spurcottes, Ad., 163. 
Spurs, 87, 119. 



300 



INDEX. 



Spurston, Isab., 15*, 16. 

Spyles and wood, 186*. 

Staindrop, 263/1. 

Stainmoor, x*. 

Stake to the bull, 53. 

Stalls mending', ]£§. 

Stamped licence, the first, 142. 

Stanhope, 261/t. 

Staple and hoop, 87. 

Staples and hasp, 51. 

Starfield, Marg., 142. 

Steel caps, 43. 

Stents, I, i4n. ; book about, 93. 

Stent right through wife, 120. 

Stephanus Capellanus, 206, 234^. 

Stephenson, Ann, 159. 

Stere, Ric, 193. 

Steward of manor, 7, 8. 

Stichill, Bishop, xxiv, xxv, 201, 205, 

254- 
Stile made in charity, 156 ; of 

Maiden Castle, 47 ; to moor gate, 

57- 
Stiles, etc., 67*, 84, 86. 

Stiles, pair of, 59. 

Stinters, i. 

Stinters, booked, 96. 

Stinting the moor, 93. 

Stobbs, Will., 40. 

Stocks, the, 59*. 

Stocks, lad set in the, 190. 

Stockton, 232 ; manor of, 208. 

Stokell, Cuthb., 17. 

Stone, for building, 1 19 ; knocked 

out, 6, 8. 
Stone coffin, i2on. ; stile, 116. 
Stones, gathering of, 11 ; got out of 

burn, 22. 
Stone, Ric, 28. 
Stookley, Geo., 1 16. 
Stoop, the high, 10 1. 
Stopes, or stoops, to gate, 59, 91 ; 

for moor, 88. 
Stopping widows' gaps, 66. 
Story, or Storie, Ez., 71* ; Geo., 14 ; 

Ric, 26, 27*, 31, 32, 3^, 57*, 172. 
Stotfold, par. Elwick, xxv, 202. 
Stothard, Joh., 144. 
Stott, Ann, 127 ; Joh., 127. 
Strand by Gillsbridge, 112. 
Stranger that preached, 187. 
Strangers, 157. 
Strass (distress ?), 63. 
Straw on floors, i50«. 
Street, the, 2, 3. 
Street, rentals, 189. 
Strype's ** Cranmer," 140^. 
Stubbing, 97* ; let, 100 ; levy for, 

121, 122 ; of moor, 96; of whins, 

71, etc. ; at 6d. a gait, 72 ; drawing 

of whins, 100. 



Stukeley, Dr., xiii. 

Subdeacon, provision for, xxiii. 

Subpoenas, loi, 192. 

Subsidy, 67^. 

Sugden, Will., 160. 

Suits at law, see Lawsuits. 

Sullivan, Rev. P. A. M.,xxxvii, 6, 268. 

Sunderland, xi. 

Sunderland road, 6, 8, 8n. 

Surcoat, 237, 238. 

Sureties, 25^. 

Suretys, Mr., 154 ; Rob., 154 ; Mr. 
Will., 152* ; Will., 154 ; (Surtees). 

Surrogate, 123^. 

Surtees, or Surtiss, Geo., 11, 19, 177. 

Surtees, Rob., History of Durham, 
ix, xi, xii, xiii*, xxiv, xxivn., 
xxviii, xxix, xxxii, 54n., 7on., 123, 
i26n,, i28n., i34n., i35n., 136^., 
145^* > 253nn., 259^.*, 261 nn., 
262*, 263, 263n., 264/1. , 265, 
26^nn.t 266, 267*, 267^., 270*. 

Survey of Colleges, etc., xxxv. 

Sutton, Ja., 37, 40 ; Mrs., 88. 

Swall, a, 12. 

Swallow, — , 181. 

Swalwell, Sim., 98 ; Tho., 26on. 

Swan bourne, Cuthb., 65. 

Swane, Jarett, 32. 

Swearing into office, 1 20*. 

Swift, Rob., xxxvii/t. 

Swinburne, Cuth., 138. 

Swine, 107. 

Swineleys, xx, 199. 

Swinney, Chr., 17. 

Sword, dressing of, 48. 

Sword, belt, 51, 62 ; girdles, 43. 

Sword for gate, 47, 77. 

Sword tree for gate, 84. 

Swords, 43. 

Symeon of Durham, xvii, xviii. 

Symson, Chr., 37, 42, 43*, 45, 46, 
47 ; Ra., 45 ; see Simson. 



Taillour, Tailyer, etc., see Taylor. 
Talboys, Sim. de, xxii. 
Tanai, A. filia E., 269. 
(Tanfleld), Prior, 254^. 
Tanners, 8. 
Tarring wood, 72. 

Taylor, Taillour, etc., 161, 162 ; 
Edw., 16 ; Geo., 24, 31, 33, 37, 41, 

43» 45* 481 5o» 5i*» 52, 56, 57*1 
59*, 60, 135, 183, 189; Mer., 10, 

20, 168, 172 ; Joh., 9, 17*, 172 ; 

Lane, 129; Marj., 162; Ric, 145 ; 

Rob., 163 ; Walt., 162 ; widow 

ion., 12, 13. 

Tea-caddy, story of a, i20». 



INDEX. 



301 



Teasdale, Han., 120; Ja., 119; par- 
son, 188* ; Tho., ^$nn, 

Tedbury Hall, 152, 155. 

Tempest family, xxivn., 62». ; Capt., 
187* ; colonel, 77, 92, 186, 187*, 
188, 189; Mr., 107, 146, 186*, 187, 
190*, 191; Ann, 146; Sir A. v., 
Bart., 267 ; Bridget Catherine, 
146 ; Eleanor, 261 ; John, xxviii, 
i8n., 3i«., io7n., 129*, 131, I36n., 
John, Esq., no, 112, 185, 190*, 191, 
267 ; Mr. John, 92n., 93, 187* ; 
Sir Tho., xxviii ; W., Esq., 189 ; 
Will., 92n., 129, 146; Mr. Will., 

'59- 

Tempests described as of Old Dur- 
ham, xxix. 

Tenters (Tenter rents), 9 — 122, pas- 
sim, e,g,, I, 70, 72, 74, 75, 76, 79, 
80, 83, 84, 89, 90, 99, 100, etc. ; 
regulation for, 80. 

Terrier, 62»., i3in., 137. 

Test. Ebor., 257/1., 259n. 

Thanksgiving, forms of, 140. 

Thatched cottages, 243 ; thatching, 

33^^ y 35» 42, 45» 46, 47; with 
slates, 247. 

Theobaldus frater Gilb. Camerarii, 
xxi, 203. 

Thomas, 178; dean of Durham, 242. 

Thompson, — , 112; Chr., 14, 19, 
30, 38 ; Dor., 184 ; Eliz., 147, 148 ; 
Fra., 87, 191 ; Rev. Fr., xxxi, 
xxxivn., XXXV, xxxvi, xxxvii, 84^., 
i86n., 246, 256^., 258^., 259^., 
26on., 261 n., 262, 265n., 267, 
268 ; Geo., 14*, 16, 20, 23, 24*, 
27» 28*, 30; Jane, 147, 148; 
^ai'STm 31 i Martha, 148 ; Mr., 
188* ; Mrs., xxxvii ; Mich., 147, 
148 ; Ric, 16, 19, 20, 26 ; Rob., 
115*; Rowl., 17*; Tho., 12, 14, 
17, 18, 27, 28, 29*, 58, 114, 142; 
wife of, 29 ; Will., 19, 184 ; see 
Tomson. 

Thompson's hedge, 87. 

Thopas, Sir, tale of, 55^. 

Thoresby, Pet. de, 194, 253, 253^. 

Thorns, 116*. 

Thoming the quick, 9, 9^. 

Thoroby, Joh., 164, 165. 

Thorpe, Joh., 13*, 14, 15, 16, 17, 
18*, 166*, 167. 

Thorp Collection of MSS., 26in. 

Thraves of corn, xx*, xx«., xxv ; 
alienated, 209 ; of plough-lands, 
9s. in lieu of, 205. 

Throp, Joh., 165. 

Tiller, Ann, 145 . 

Tilly family, 267n. ; Mr., 116; Joh., 
106, loyn,, 109, no*, 115, 121; 



Ric, 107 ; Tho., 267^. ; Will., 

io7n., 115, 116*, 117. 
Tilley's trial, 115, 116. 
Timber, 164^. 
Tinker's, or Tinkler's lane, ix, 6, 8, 

89, 9on., 92, 99, 104, 152, 154*. 
Tithes, xxxiv, 195, 196, 204*, 206, 

217, 218, 244, 255. 
Tobacco and pipes, 5, loin., 109. 
Tockerington prebend, 259^. 
Tod, Eliz., 70. 
Todhowe, Emma, relict of Joh. de, 

222, 223*, 255n. 
Toll Bar, 6. 
Tomson, Cath., 30 ; Syb., 135 ; 

Tho., 47 ; (Thompson). 
Topp, Ann, daughter of Mr. John, 

i26n. 
Toppyng, Rob., 257n.* 
Torburn, Dav., 188. 
Townfields, i, 40^., 83^., 99^. 
Towns head, 1 54. 
Training School, 6. 
Tranck, casting a, 86. 
Trate, Tho., 163. 
** Travae Egidi," 209^. (Thraves). 
Tree, stubbing of, 108. 
Treep, Ric, 65, 66 ; (Tripp). 
Tremdon, Will, de, 245. 
Tres Scriptores, x, 253n., i^nn,, 

256n., 258^., 26on. 
Trespass by reason of non-residence, 

ii6». 
Trevor, Bishop, 267. 
Trewett, Tho., 40. 
Trillesden, Pet. de, 193. 
Tripp, Joh., 23, 24, 38, 41, 42, 48; 

Ric, 32, 40*, 42*, 44, 45, 47, 48, 

5i*» 52, 53» S4*» 56, 57*» 58* S9*» 
61*, 64*, 68*, 162, 181. 

Trolope, Aiith., 14*, 15*. 

Trotter, — , 67 ; Joh., 134. 

Troucke and staple, 80. 

Trough beyond Belmont, 6, Sn, 

Troy, 244. 

Truce, the day of, 23. 

Trued, Pet., 166. 

Trype (Tripp). 

Tunstall, Bishop, x, 231, 262. 

Turbutt, 155. 

Tumey (attorney ?), 1 19. 

Turnpike, 87, 89, 100, 186*, 190. 

Tweddell, Rob., 66. 

Tweed, river, i2on. 

Twenty-four, the, 94, 95*, 96*, 190. 

Tyerman, Joh., 17*, 19. 

Tyers, Joh., 19*. 

Tylynsby, Pet. de, 253, 253W., 269. 

Tyne, river, 202 ; fishery of, xxv. 

Tynemouth Priory, arms of, 255^. 



302 



INDEX. 



U 



Uncorsunt, 238M. 



Valor Ecclesiasttcus, xxxv. 

Varnishing* muskets, 60. 

Vayge (voyage), 66«. 

Vennel, 82, 84, 84/t., 85, 86*, 89, etc. ; 

the common, 48, 49. 
Vennels, 87, 89. 

Vestments, 62/t. ; preserved, 3. 
Vestry Books (Surtees), J son., i6on. ; 

order, 39». 
Vinson, Chr., 89. 
Violin, 87, 88, 89, 93, 94. 
Visitation (plag^ue), 38, 53. 



W 



Wacheria, 199. 

Wade, Mary, 145. 

Wafe mear, 84. 

Wagon way, 6. 

Waininen, drink for, 59. 

Waits (musicians), iii»., 113*, 115*, 

117. 
Walker, Marg., 33, 
Wall, Joh., 120. 
Wallat, Dicke, 118. 
Waller, Isab., 151 ; Ja., 151 ; Nedd, 

48. 
Wallsend, 246. 
Walterus, 233 ; frater, 235. 
Walton, Gra., 131 ; Hug., 180; Mr. 

Hugh, 138* ; Iz., life of Hooker, 

zrin ; Mary, 159 ; Nich., 131. 
Wan, or Wanne, Rob., 56 ; Tho., 

34» 37» 50» '81, 182. 
Wanles, Hen., 72*, 73, 91 ; Mr., 
35, 44, 80; Ric, 35; Mr. Tho., 

139- 
Wansworth, Mr., 28. 

Ward, — , 251 ; captain, 59. 

Wards to lock, 62. 

Warde, Mr., 53. 

Warden, Joh., 15, 162, 173. 

Warkworth, xxxvii. 

Warning to dress moor, 106, 107*, 

108. 
Washington, xv, 195. 
Watch keeping, izn. 
Water, getting, for cattle, 109. 
Water holes for beasts, 81, 1 13, 1 14*, 

115, 120; scouring, 65. 
Water service, 17. 
Watery ground, cause of ruin, 

xxxii. 
Watkins, Jos., 267*, 267^. 



Watson, Mr., 34 ; Cuth., 144 ; Eliz., 

133, 26411. J Joh., xxxiii, 130, 182, 

264 ; Mr. Joh., 54 ; Mr. Joh., 

curate, 133* ; Sir Joh., 151*., 19, 

ign,j 20, 25*, 62/t., 123, I26n. ; 

Marg., 130 ; Rob., 126, 264n. ; 

Tho., 78, 81, 188; Walt., 139; 

Will., 69, 95. 
Wattles, 32«., 23i 60*, 64. 
Wattled bull-house, 32^. 
Waullyng Fen, un. 
Waugh, — , 112. 
Wax and Wine, 244. 
Weames, Will., 184. 
Wear, river, ix, x, xii*, xiii, xviii, 

low., 89, 234, 244. 
Weardale, xx*, xxiv, 199, 200. 
Wearmouih, xv, 51, 195, 246. 
Weatherell, Will., 13. 
Weavers, 8. 

Weber's Ballad of Flodden, i20f». 
Webster, Mr., 120. 
Wedawe, Will, de, 246. 
Weemes, Will., 78*. 
Weighscale, 27. 

Weights for weighing bread, 50. 
Welberie, Ric, 53, 57. 
Wei ford, Ric, i20». 
Well, bricks, etc., for, 105 ; a 

common, i^n, 
Welloing, Mr., 54. 
Welsh, Eliz., 94, 149*, 150; Joh., 

150 ; Rob., 88, 150. 
(Wessington), Prior, 227. 
West Grange, I24»., 143, 151*. 
Westmerland, x ; earl of, 244. 
Westow, 246. 
Wharington, 35. 
Wharton, Anth., 72, 84. 
Wh. (Wharton, Ang. Sac), xin., 254; 

coniin. of W. Chambre in Ang. 

Sac, X. 
Whytchurch, Edw., i4on. 
Wheatley, Joan, 149; Tho., 149; 

Will., 149. 
Wheldon, Leon., 20 ; Will., 65. 
Wheler, Sir Geo., 189. 
Whelpton, Leon., 23. 
Wheteley, Joh. de, 193. 
Whickham, xv, 195*. 
Whins, 31, 3i»., 34, 39, 46, 47, 6on., 

64*, 71, 72*, 73, 74, 77*, etc., 88*. 

90, 92*, etc. ; burning the, 100 ; 

country, 105; cutting of, 9; 

damnify moor and pasture, 93, 96 ; 

drawing of, see Drawing ; hedging 

with, 119*, 120; manorial claim 

to, 7 in., no; sale of, 1 ; seized, 

io7n. ; stubbing, 69*. 
Whinny Hill, 3, ^fn. 
Whip, 119.